US2349907A - Metal door - Google Patents

Metal door Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2349907A
US2349907A US40161441A US2349907A US 2349907 A US2349907 A US 2349907A US 40161441 A US40161441 A US 40161441A US 2349907 A US2349907 A US 2349907A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sheet
expanded metal
metal
door
bonded
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Alfred S Kos
Glendon T Gerlach
Altman Peter
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corp
Original Assignee
Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J5/00Doors
    • B60J5/04Doors arranged at the vehicle sides
    • B60J5/0412Lower door structure
    • B60J5/0415Outer panel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J5/00Doors
    • B60J5/04Doors arranged at the vehicle sides
    • B60J5/042Reinforcement elements
    • B60J5/0422Elongated type elements, e.g. beams, cables, belts or wires
    • B60J5/0438Elongated type elements, e.g. beams, cables, belts or wires characterised by the type of elongated elements
    • B60J5/0441Elongated type elements, e.g. beams, cables, belts or wires characterised by the type of elongated elements the elements having a grid-like structure, i.e. interconnected or interwoven elements

Description

May 30, 1944.

A. 5. K05 ET'AL METAL DOOR Filed July 9, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheet l May 30, 1944. A. 5. ms EI'AL METAL noon F iled July 9, 1941 2 Sh eets-Sheet 2 fivenfoks red 61 ffos Patented May 1944 signments, to Consolidated Vnltec Aircraft Corporation, a corporation of Delaware ApplicationJJuly 9, 1941, Serial No. 401,614

The inventionrelates to metal doors. H One object .of the invention is to provide a metal door which -has. a high-strength-weight ratio'for use in vehicles'such as airplanes or automobiie's.

One object of the invention is to provide a door which is light in weight, durable and possesses the desired degree of stiifness for use in vehicles. Other obfects of the invention will appear from the detailed description.

The invention consists in the several novelfeatures which are hereinafter set 'fbrth and are more particularly defined by claims at the conclusion' hereof.

In the drawings: Fig. '1 is a perspective of a' door embodying the invention. Fig, 2 ls a perspective illustrating a portion of the composite metal panel in the door and the diagonal stiffening member in the panel. perspective taken on line 33 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a sectional perspective taken" on line 4-4 of i Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a perspective taken on line 5-5 of Fig. 1. Fig. 6 is a section across the beamstructure in the lower panel.

The invention is exemplified in a door which panel 9 for holding a glass window in any usual manner, and is provided with hinge-members 8 whereby the door may be supported in the frame of a vehicle. The lower panel comprises asheet III of metal, such as thins-teal, which forms the smooth outer face on the door. The lower panel also comprises diamond-mesh expanded metal I I, which extends over substantially the entire inner face of the sheet I. .fllhe expanded metalis originally formed with the faces of the bonds extending nearly at right angles to the faces of the strands. This expanded metal is flattenedso planar. --The flattened expanded metal and'the sheet Iii are bonded together as for example by 11 Claims. (01. lee-'46) I Each flange I8 is spot-welded to the flange .20 and the margin of sheet l0. Each of the strips i4. IS, IS and I1 comprises a transverse inwardly extending flange 22, an inner side-flange '22, and an inturned transverse flange 24 which form a boxing around the margin of the lower' panel.

The strips l5 and I6 are extended above the strip 11 to form the sides, of the window panel and their upper ends are rigidly connected by a strip 26. An extension ID of the sheet l0 extends over,the' outer face of the strips l5 and I6 above strip I1 and the strip 26. Strip 26 and strips I5 and I6 above strip I! each have a pair of flanges 21 lapped by the extension ID or sheet I II. and. flanges forming a closed boxing 2-8, as illustrated in Fig. 4. The boxing 28 on strips i5 and I6 may each be formed of acontinuation of the flanges i8, 22 and 23; the extension of Fig. 3 is a sectional comprises a lower'closed panel 9 and an upper flan e 24 to the sheet Ill and added outturned flange2l. L

The lowermost panel is usually subjected to transverse and other loads and it is desirable to provide means forpreventing the bending or warping of the door during use. For this purpose a diagonal row between theupper corner of the'panel at the pivoted side of the door to the lower corner at the free side of one series of bonds and adjacent strands of the expanded metal are deflected or' arched away from the the faces of the bonds and strands will be 00- a spot-welding preferably ,across the bonds l2 between the diagonal strands IQ of the flattened ex- I pended metal. The margin of the sheet ll pro-I jects beyond the margins of the expanded metal, 7

as shown in Figs. 3 and 5. The border of the lower panel is formed by a sheet-metal bottom strip 7 l4, upright side-strips l5 and Ii, and an upper strip II. Each ot these strips is box-like in crosssection and comprisesa flange i8 fltting against the inner face of the sheet Il, the margin of which is folded-or lapped around theo'uter edge of flangelt, as at 20. to secure the strips around ,the margin of the sheet II and to form an abuttrode.

sheet In, as at 36, so that the bonds l2 will be,

spaced from the sheet. A diagonal channel-strip 31 has a flange 31 which flts on the bonds l2.

and flanges 38 which flt along the adjacent angular portions of the strands and is spot-welded as at l2 to all of the bonds I29 in the diagonal row. The ends of the flange 31- of strip 31 are extended to overlap t e flanges 22 of theborderstrips and welded thereto at 39. The strip is bent to conform to the plane of the sheet l0.

These arched portions of the expanded metal and the strip 31, when welded together as described, form a diagonal beam for stiflenlng the panel and preventing flexing thereof. This also functions toprevent diaphragming of the door when it is in use. The expanded metal is arched and the strip 11 is welded thereto. before the expanded metal is welded'tothe sheet It so that the bonds l2 of expanded metal and the strip 31 willbe accessible to the electrodes for spot-welding. This is done by inverting the strip 31 and placingits outer face on the lower electrode with the-arches between the flanges 31 so the inner faces of the bonds l2- will ment on the door for engaging the door-frame. 66- The marginal portionsot expanded metal ll be accessible to the'upper elecare not bonded to the sheet III, are bent obliquely away from the sheet II), as at 30, and have substantially right-angled terminals 3| which fit against the inner faces of the flanges 22 of strips I4, l5, l6 and I1 and are spot-welded thereto,

as at 32, to reinforceand stiffen the border of the door. Usually the lower panels of'the doors are somewhat bulged orfcurved'to conform to the vehicle body. In fabricating the door the expanded metal may be formed to the desired curve before the sheet 40 is bonded thereto, or the composite panel -of sheet and expanded metalmay be formed to the desired curve if bonded after flattening, and in either case retain its curved contour. The side strips l5 and I6 and the bottom and top strips f4 and II are also curved according to the curvature and contour of the door-frame.

Strip 3! extends across the short axis of the I diamond-shaped spaces in the expanded metal to stiffen the panel against stresses in the weakest direction of the expanded metal. The expanded metal is arranged so the long axes of the diamonds, which provide the greater transverse strength, extend diagonally, as nearly as practically possible, between the lower inner corner and the upper outer corner of the panel 9 and this provides sufllcient diagonal strength between "those comers to render an additional beamening means whichconsists of arches in' the eil'ective X-bracing for.

thin metal sheet, flattened diamond-mesh ex- .panded metal bonded to the inner face of the expanded metal. and a connecting strip bonded to the arches and secured to the border-strips of the door.

The invention is not to be understood as restricted to the details set forth, since these may be modified within the scope of the appended claims, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Having thus described the invention, what we secure by Letters claim as new and desire to Patent is: l

1. A door having a closed panel comprising a thin imperforate metal sheet and expanded metal bonded to the inner face of the sheet at spots distributed throughout the area of the sheet and forming a 'rigid backing for preventing flexure of the sheet and box-like border-strips having transversely extendingv portions around the margins of theexpanded metal, the margin of the sheet and the border-strips being interfolded and bonded together, the marginal portions of the expanded metal having transversely extending portions bonded to the transversely extending portions of the strips.

2. A door having a chsedpanelcomprising a I thin imperforate sheet of metal, expanded metal bonded to the-inner face ofthe sheet at spots distributed throughout the area of the sheet and forming a rigid backing for preventing flexure of the sheet and border-strips around the margins of the expanded metal and secured to thesheet and comprising transversely extendings flanges, the expanded metal having portions extending away from the sheet and bonded to the flanges.

- expanded metal.

thin metal sheet, expanded metal bonded to the inner face of the sheet, border-strips'around the mar ins of the expanded metal, the expanded metal being' provided with substantially V-shaped portions bent away from the sheet, and a strip extending across and bonded to the apicesof the v-shaped portion of the expanded metal.

5. A door having a closed panel comprising a metal sheet, expanded metal bonded to the inner face of the sheet, border-strips around the margins of the expanded metal, the expanded metal bein vprovided with portions bent away from the sheet, and a strip provided with flanges and extending across and bonded to the bent portions of the expanded metal.

6. A door having a closed panel comprising a thin metal sheetf expanded metal bonded to the inner face of the sheet, border-strips aroundthe margins of the expanded metal, the expanded .metal having a row of portions bent away from the sheet, and a strip extendingacross and.

bonded to the bent portions of the expanded sheet, the expanded metal having a row of porticns bent away from the sheet aiong a line diagonally of the panel, and a strip connecting and bonded to the rowof bent portions of the 8. A door having a closed panel comprising a thin metal sheet, diamond-mesh expanded metal bonded to the inner iace ofthe sheet, the ex-.

panded metal having arrow of portions bent away from the sheet along-a line diagonally of the panel and across the short axis of the diamonds in the expanded metal, the long axis of the diamonds extending substantially acrossthe.

other diagonal ofthe panel, and a. strip connecting and bonded to the bent portions of the expanded metal.

9. A door having a closed panel comprising a thin metal sheet, diamond-mesh expanded metal bonded to the inner face of the sheet, border strips around the margins of the expanded metal,

the expanded metal having a row of portions bent away from the sheet along a line diagonally of the panel and across the short axis of the diamonds in the expanded metal, the long axis of the diamonds extending substantially across the other diagonal of the panel, and astrip connecting and'bonded to the bent portions of the expanded metal, and bonded to the border-strips.

10: A door having a closed panel comprising a thin imperforate metal sheet, flattened expanded metal which has oneface of the strands and bonds coplanar with the contiguous face of the sheet and bonded to the inner face of the sheet at spots distributed throughout the area of the sheet and ferming a rigid backing forpreventing flexure of the sheet, and transversely extending border-strips around the margins of the expanded metal, the margin of the expanded -m etal having diagonally extending portions se- I cured to the border strips. g

11. A door having'a closed panel comprising a thin imperforate sheet of metal, expanded metal bonded to the inner face of the sheet at spots distributed throughout the area 0! the sheet and forming a rigid backing for preventing flexm'e of the sheet, and border-strips around the margins of the expanded metal, secured to thesheet and having portions extending transversely to the plane of the sheet, the expanded metal having diagonally extending marginal portions with ends bonded to the transversely extending portions of the border strips.

ALFRED S. KOS. GLENDON T. GERLACH. PETER ALTMAN.

US2349907A 1941-07-09 1941-07-09 Metal door Expired - Lifetime US2349907A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2349907A US2349907A (en) 1941-07-09 1941-07-09 Metal door

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2349907A US2349907A (en) 1941-07-09 1941-07-09 Metal door

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2349907A true US2349907A (en) 1944-05-30

Family

ID=23588469

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2349907A Expired - Lifetime US2349907A (en) 1941-07-09 1941-07-09 Metal door

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2349907A (en)

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2649171A (en) * 1948-12-01 1953-08-18 Persson Eric Sigfried Metal door
US2760814A (en) * 1951-07-11 1956-08-28 Budd Co Door, particularly for automobiles, with reinforcing ribs
US4259385A (en) * 1979-02-09 1981-03-31 National Steel Corporation Expanded reinforcing sheet material, its method of manufacture, and sheet material reinforced therewith
US4297154A (en) * 1979-02-09 1981-10-27 National Steel Corporation Method of manufacturing expanded reinforcing sheet material
US5080427A (en) * 1990-11-13 1992-01-14 Shape Corporation Impact beam
WO1999039939A1 (en) * 1998-02-04 1999-08-12 Oakwood Energy Management Incorporated Energy absorbing assembly
US6003277A (en) * 1997-04-15 1999-12-21 Newell Industrial Corporation Co-extruded integrally reinforced cellular PVC window sash
US6056349A (en) * 1997-06-09 2000-05-02 Aluminum Company Of America Vehicle door having improved side crash resistance and associated method
US6199942B1 (en) 1998-02-04 2001-03-13 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Modular energy absorbing assembly
US6454211B2 (en) * 1999-12-16 2002-09-24 Airbus Deutschland Gmbh Structural component particularly for an aircraft
US6474725B2 (en) 2000-07-26 2002-11-05 Meritor Light Vehicle Technology, Llc Reinforced cargo doors
US6679967B1 (en) 1998-02-04 2004-01-20 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Method for making a modular energy-absorbing assembly
US6682128B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2004-01-27 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Composite energy absorber
US20040178662A1 (en) * 1998-02-04 2004-09-16 Carroll Phillip Patrick Modular energy absorber and method for configuring same
US20050057053A1 (en) * 2003-07-03 2005-03-17 Darin Evans Bumper system incorporating thermoformed energy absorber
US20050097004A1 (en) * 2003-10-29 2005-05-05 Eduardo Masse Blume Method of advertising and related products
US20060001278A1 (en) * 2004-07-01 2006-01-05 Netshape International Llc Bumper impact-testing device
US20090308977A1 (en) * 2006-08-01 2009-12-17 Airbus France Aircraft doorway
CN102310832A (en) * 2010-06-28 2012-01-11 罗伯特·博世有限公司 Vehicular structure applied in vehicles
USD679058S1 (en) 2011-07-01 2013-03-26 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet liner
USD683079S1 (en) 2011-10-10 2013-05-21 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet liner
US8726424B2 (en) 2010-06-03 2014-05-20 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Energy management structure
USD733972S1 (en) 2013-09-12 2015-07-07 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet
US9320311B2 (en) 2012-05-02 2016-04-26 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet impact liner system
US9516910B2 (en) 2011-07-01 2016-12-13 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet impact liner system
US9743701B2 (en) 2013-10-28 2017-08-29 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet retention system
US9894953B2 (en) 2012-10-04 2018-02-20 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet retention system

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2649171A (en) * 1948-12-01 1953-08-18 Persson Eric Sigfried Metal door
US2760814A (en) * 1951-07-11 1956-08-28 Budd Co Door, particularly for automobiles, with reinforcing ribs
US4259385A (en) * 1979-02-09 1981-03-31 National Steel Corporation Expanded reinforcing sheet material, its method of manufacture, and sheet material reinforced therewith
US4297154A (en) * 1979-02-09 1981-10-27 National Steel Corporation Method of manufacturing expanded reinforcing sheet material
US5080427A (en) * 1990-11-13 1992-01-14 Shape Corporation Impact beam
US6003277A (en) * 1997-04-15 1999-12-21 Newell Industrial Corporation Co-extruded integrally reinforced cellular PVC window sash
US6056349A (en) * 1997-06-09 2000-05-02 Aluminum Company Of America Vehicle door having improved side crash resistance and associated method
US6017084A (en) * 1998-02-04 2000-01-25 Oakwood Energy Management Inc. Energy absorbing assembly
WO1999039939A1 (en) * 1998-02-04 1999-08-12 Oakwood Energy Management Incorporated Energy absorbing assembly
US6199942B1 (en) 1998-02-04 2001-03-13 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Modular energy absorbing assembly
US6247745B1 (en) 1998-02-04 2001-06-19 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Formed energy absorber
US7360822B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2008-04-22 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Modular energy absorber and method for configuring same
US6679967B1 (en) 1998-02-04 2004-01-20 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Method for making a modular energy-absorbing assembly
US6682128B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2004-01-27 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Composite energy absorber
US20040178662A1 (en) * 1998-02-04 2004-09-16 Carroll Phillip Patrick Modular energy absorber and method for configuring same
US20060066134A2 (en) * 1998-02-04 2006-03-30 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Modular energy absorber and method for configuring same
US6454211B2 (en) * 1999-12-16 2002-09-24 Airbus Deutschland Gmbh Structural component particularly for an aircraft
US6474725B2 (en) 2000-07-26 2002-11-05 Meritor Light Vehicle Technology, Llc Reinforced cargo doors
US20050057053A1 (en) * 2003-07-03 2005-03-17 Darin Evans Bumper system incorporating thermoformed energy absorber
US7131674B2 (en) 2003-07-03 2006-11-07 Netshape International, Llc Bumper system incorporating thermoformed energy absorber
US20060284431A1 (en) * 2003-07-03 2006-12-21 Darin Evans Method of constructing bumper incorporating thermoformed energy absorber
US7222897B2 (en) 2003-07-03 2007-05-29 Netshape Energy Management Llc Method of constructing bumper incorporating thermoformed energy absorber
US20050097004A1 (en) * 2003-10-29 2005-05-05 Eduardo Masse Blume Method of advertising and related products
US7228723B2 (en) 2004-07-01 2007-06-12 Netshape Energy Management Llc Bumper impact-testing device
US20060001278A1 (en) * 2004-07-01 2006-01-05 Netshape International Llc Bumper impact-testing device
US20090308977A1 (en) * 2006-08-01 2009-12-17 Airbus France Aircraft doorway
US8146863B2 (en) * 2006-08-01 2012-04-03 Airbus France Aircraft doorway
US8726424B2 (en) 2010-06-03 2014-05-20 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Energy management structure
CN102310832A (en) * 2010-06-28 2012-01-11 罗伯特·博世有限公司 Vehicular structure applied in vehicles
USD679058S1 (en) 2011-07-01 2013-03-26 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet liner
US9516910B2 (en) 2011-07-01 2016-12-13 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet impact liner system
USD683079S1 (en) 2011-10-10 2013-05-21 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet liner
US9320311B2 (en) 2012-05-02 2016-04-26 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet impact liner system
US9894953B2 (en) 2012-10-04 2018-02-20 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet retention system
USD733972S1 (en) 2013-09-12 2015-07-07 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet
US9743701B2 (en) 2013-10-28 2017-08-29 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet retention system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4027443A (en) Fire and impact resistant window assembly
US2146816A (en) Metal slat for venetian blinds
US547912A (en) Storm-door shield
US2302740A (en) Multiple glazing unit
US2719342A (en) Weather seal means and mounting for rotatable window sash
US2598770A (en) Flexible window screen
US3541626A (en) Bellows construction
US1988964A (en) Pane
US2269490A (en) Building construction
US2609068A (en) Metal foil honeycomb core
US2220596A (en) Panel
US2482592A (en) Metal door construction
US2304534A (en) Venetian blind
US2386151A (en) Window structure
US2126676A (en) Siding
US2567124A (en) Airfoil construction
US2126995A (en) Panel cabinet
US3347305A (en) Door construction
US4502249A (en) Doorway structure
US2330670A (en) Sliding door
US2502320A (en) Vehicle body structure
US2019379A (en) Metal curtain slat joint
US1350027A (en) Metal window-screen
US2192519A (en) Refrigerator door
US1579839A (en) Slat for metallic rolling shutters