US2308726A - Two-way lighting device for refrigerators - Google Patents

Two-way lighting device for refrigerators Download PDF

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Publication number
US2308726A
US2308726A US371510A US37151040A US2308726A US 2308726 A US2308726 A US 2308726A US 371510 A US371510 A US 371510A US 37151040 A US37151040 A US 37151040A US 2308726 A US2308726 A US 2308726A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
shelf
illuminating means
enclosure
refrigerator
light
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US371510A
Inventor
Donald F Swanson
Frank J Vouk
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Seeger Refrigerator Co
Original Assignee
Seeger Refrigerator Co
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Publication date
Application filed by Seeger Refrigerator Co filed Critical Seeger Refrigerator Co
Priority to US371510A priority Critical patent/US2308726A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2308726A publication Critical patent/US2308726A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F23/00Advertising on or in specific articles, e.g. ashtrays, letter-boxes
    • G09F23/06Advertising on or in specific articles, e.g. ashtrays, letter-boxes the advertising matter being combined with articles for restaurants, shops or offices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47FSPECIAL FURNITURE, FITTINGS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR SHOPS, STOREHOUSES, BARS, RESTAURANTS OR THE LIKE; PAYING COUNTERS
    • A47F3/00Show cases or show cabinets
    • A47F3/04Show cases or show cabinets air-conditioned, refrigerated
    • A47F3/0404Cases or cabinets of the closed type
    • A47F3/0426Details
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F13/00Illuminated signs; Luminous advertising
    • G09F13/04Signs, boards or panels, illuminated from behind the insignia
    • G09F13/06Signs, boards or panels, illuminated from behind the insignia using individual cut-out symbols or cut-out silhouettes, e.g. perforated signs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S362/00Illumination
    • Y10S362/812Signs

Description

. Jan. 19, 1943. D. F. SWANSON ETAL ,3 ,726

7 TWO-WAY LIGHTING DEVICE FOR REFRIGERATORS Filed m GM m ix j m M m m x a m 1 4 E LIE M W Patented Jan. 19, 1943 TVVO-WAY LIGHTING DEVICE FOR REFRIGERATOBS Donald F. Swanson, Minneapolis, and Frank J.

Vouk, St. Paul, Minn., assignors to Seeger Refrigerator Company, St. Paul, Minn., a corporation of Minnesota Application December 24, 1940, Serial No. 371,510

3 Claims.

Our invention relates to an improvement in a two-way lighting device for a refrigerator in which it is desired to provide an eflicient means of illuminating the entire interior of a refrigerator.

In the illumination of refrigerators, elongated tubular lights of various types have been found suitable for properly illuminating the interior of the refrigerator. Certain of these lights, however, do not operate well in the cold atmosphere at which the interior of the refrigerator is ordinarily maintained. It is therefore desired to provide an illuminating means which not only will clearly illuminate the interior of the cabinet, but which also will be enclosed in a suitable enclosure so that the temperature surrounding the illuminating means will be greater than the temperature throughout the refrigerator cabinet so as to permit eflicien't operation of the :illuminait- I ing means.

It is a feature of our invention to provide a refrigerator display case with an illuminating means extending longitudinally of the casing adjacent an edge of the shelf and to provide a partially transparent housing enclosing this illuminating means. The transparent portions of the housing are so arranged that light is directed toward a plurality of shelves so that all of the goods displayed within the refrigerator may be clearly illuminated.

It is a further feature of our invention to provide a refrigerator lighting device which is designed to throw a beam of light toward the reflecting surface on the top of the refrigerator casing which acts to reflect the light downwardly upon the top of the uppermost shelf therein. Thus light shines down upon the goods displayed on this top shelf virtually as effectively as if a separate illuminating means were provided at the top of the cabinet.

It is a further feature of our invention to provide a non-transparent portion in the casing which acts as a reflector to reflect light upon the goods on a plurality of shelves within the cabinet. This opaque portion of the housing is positioned between the illuminating means and the display window so that the light from the illuminating means is directed toward the goods displayed in the refrigerator rather than toward the eyes of a person viewing these goods. All of the light from the illuminating means is directed towards the goods displayed rather than out through the display window in the cabinet.

It is a feature of our invention to provide a reflector for the illuminating means which is so 1 upwardly through one transparent portion of the casing or downwardly toward another transparent portion of the casing.

It is a further feature of our invention to provide an illuminating means which may be supported directly by the shelf edge'and which is provided with a housing enclosing a series of transparent elements through which light rays may be directed. The transparent portions of the casing are so arranged that they may be re:

7 moved when necessary for replacing the illumi-. nating means or for cleaning the illuminating means and the associated reflector.

These and other objects and novel features of our invention will be more clearly and fully set forth in the following specification and claims.

In the drawing forming a part of our specification:

Figure 1 is a transverse section through a refrigerator illustrating the shape of the illuminating means and the housing enclosing the same.

Figure 2 is a top plan view of the display cabinet showing the position of the reflecting means associated therewith.

Figure 3 is a perspective View of a modified form of construction.

The refrigerator A may be of any desired or preferred type and is illustrated as having end walls It, a top insulated wall H, a front wall 12, a rear wall l3, and a bottom wall I4. The

with frames 2| which slide on suitable sliding tracks 22. Doors 23 may be provided if desired to provide access to the interior of the lower portion of the display cabinet.

The refrigeratorbody may be cooled in any desired manner such as by the cooling coil 24 which contains a suitable refrigerant from a source of cooled refrigerant such as a compressor or the like. Such compressors are well known in A raised ridge the ant, and the form of the compressor is not shown in the present drawing.

A display shelf 25 extends between the front wall l2 and the rear wall E3 to support goods or articles to be displayed within the refrigerator.

A shelf 25 is positioned in the body of the refrigerator above the shelf 25; and this shelf supports a suitable illuminating means of a type which will be later described in detail. If it is desired, one or more illuminating means 27. may be positioned externally of the window I5 and shielded by an enclosing shield 29 which may direct light downwardly through the window l5 toward the goods displayed on the various shelvee. This latter illuminating means 27 is not ordinarily needed and need not be provided if it is so desired.

The shelf 26 comprises a shelf element 3i! which extends into proximity with the rear wall of the refrigerator 13 adjacent the windows 19 and 20 and which is supported by an auxiliary brace 31. A series of spaced brackets 32 are secured at one end 33 to the shelf 3!! and are secured at their other end to an inclined wall 34 forming a part of the illuminating means enclosure. End plates 35 are secured to the inclined wall 34, and the upper marginal edge of the inclined wall 34 is grooved at 36 to accommodate a transparent plate 31.

Connecting the end plates 35 I provide a forward enclosure wall 39 which acts as a reflector. to direct light rearwardly and upwardly and rearwardly and downwardly. This forward wall 33 is provided with a longitudinally extending ridge 40 which divides the light rays emanating from the elongated illuminating means il and which directs some of the light rays in an upward direction and some of the same in a down- If it is so desired, the brackets supporting the illuminating means may be removably secured to the shelf 26 so that the shelf may b removed individually of the illuminating means. In place of being welded or otherwise affixed at 33, to the shelf 26, the brackets 32 may be removably secured thereto or the ends of th enclosure may be secured to the end walls H) of the refrigerator. A central partition is in preferred form secured between the ends of the illuminat- V ing means in case the cabinet is of considerable length. A suitable number of partitions may be provided depending upon the length of the display case so that the elongated illuminating means 4| maybe effectively supported by the pairs of sockets.

From an examination of the drawing it will be obvious that the enclosure for the illuminating means shields the light rays from the illuminating means from the eyes of a person looking through the window l5, and it will be obvious that the light from the illuminating means will be directed upwardly through th transparent plate 31 toward the roof of the display box which will act to reflect the light downwardly upon the uppermost shelf. The forward wall 39 of the enclosure will reflect light rearwardly toward articles upon the shelf, and also in a rearward direction toward the lower shelf through the transparent plate 42. Light rays may pass directly through the transparent plate 42 downwardly upon goods placed upon the lower shelf 25. Thus the single illuminating means is p0- sitioned in a manner to effectively illuminate articles placed upon both the main display shelf 25 and the auxiliary shelf 26 which is sometimes known as the mezzanine shelf.

In Figure 3 of the drawing I hav disclosed a modified form of construction. In this form, the shelf 45 is provided with an upturned edge 46 bearing a glass channel 41. A transparent or translucent pane 49 is supported in the channel 41 and extends into engagement with the angle member 59. A'second transparent or translucent pane 5! extends between a channel 52 on the shelf 45 and the angle 53.

' A translucent or transparent plate 5 1 connects the angle strips 56 and 53. The angles provide channels between the plate 54 and the forward.

sides of the angles, to accommodate letters or numerals 55. Each letter, numeral, symbol or word 55 is preferably formed or opaque material with the indicia punched out; or the members 55 may be of translucent material and parts thereof may be painted with opaque paint so thatlthe indicia may be visible. The members 55 form a display sign or advertisement which may be changed daily or from time to time.

It will be noted that, the illuminating means may be replaced with little. difficulty as either of the glass or transparent plates 31 and 42 may, be removed when it is so desired. When the-en closure houses illuminating means of the fluores cent type, the enclosure forms a chamber which is maintained at .a higher temperature than the surrounding temperature when the illuminating.

means is in operation. When the current is turned on, the illuminating means will become dimly illuminated due to the surrounding cold temperature and will :give. oft acertain amount of heat. This heat will be retained around the illuminating means so that the temperature of the illuminatingmeans will raise sufficiently to. permit effective operation of the fluorescent light. Thus the enclosure not only acts to properly. directthe light toward the goods but alsov to maintain the proper temperature surrounding the illuminating means for effective operation thereof in case the fluorescent type lighting is lused.

With certain other types of illumination such as may be commonlyused, the retention ofheat within the enclosure 'is not so important.

In accordance with the patent statutes, we

have described the principles of construction and operation of our two-way illuminating means for refrigerators; and while we have endeavored to' set forth the best embodiments thereof,- we desire to have it understood that these are only illustrative of a means of carrying out our invention and that obvious changes may be madewithin I the scope of the following claims without depart-" ing from the spirit of our invention.

We claim:

1. In combination with an elongated refrig; erator, an elongated shelf in said refrigerator;

an elongated enclosure substantially triangular in cross-section, means supporting said enclosure to a longitudinal edge of said shelf, a transparent bottomin said enclosure substantially parallei'to said shelf, an opaque forward wall in said..en-"

closure on the side of said enclosure oppositesa'id shelf, and a secondtransparent portion in said enclosure, and an elongated illuminating means in said enclosure.

2. In a display refrigerator having a display window therein, a shelf for displaying goods visible through said display window, a second shelf above said first named shelf, an elongated enclosure secured parallel and adjacent the forward edge of said second shelf, an illuminating means within said enclosure, a reflecting wall in said enclosure to conceal said illuminating means from View through said display window, an inwardly extending ridge in said reflecting wall to divide the light rays emanating from said illuminating means and to direct some of said rays upwardly and some of said rays downwardly, a transparent portion in the bottom of said enclosure, a second transparent portion in the top of said enclosure, and said reflecting wall v adapted to direct light rays through said transparent portions. 3. In combination with a display refrigerator, an elongated refrigerator shelf, an elongated enclosure longitudinally secured to said shelf and substantially triangular in cross section, illuminating means within said elongated enclosure, an opaque forward wall in said enclosure acting as a light reflector, said opaque wall having an inwardly extending ridge to divide light rays from said illuminating means, a removable transparent portion in the bottom of said enclosure, a second removable transparent portion in the top of said enclosure and said opaqu wall adapted to direct the rays of light from said illuminating means through said transparent portions.

DONALD F. .SWANSON. FRANK J. VOUK.

US371510A 1940-12-24 1940-12-24 Two-way lighting device for refrigerators Expired - Lifetime US2308726A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2515584A (en) * 1948-11-12 1950-07-18 Avco Mfg Corp Edge illuminated shelf for refrigerator cabinets
US3201579A (en) * 1963-07-11 1965-08-17 Northwestern Refining Co Illuminated building and sign
FR2535496A1 (en) * 1982-10-30 1984-05-04 Wescho Ladenbau Gmbh A carrier distinctive labels to goods
FR2538937A1 (en) * 1982-12-31 1984-07-06 Wescho Ladenbau Gmbh electric light to the presentation of goods
US6438983B1 (en) * 2000-10-02 2002-08-27 Tyler Refrigeration Corporation Dipping cabinet with improved lighting
US20050030736A1 (en) * 2002-10-02 2005-02-10 Chuang Sue-Li Kingsley Rear lighting with reflective shelf surfaces for supermarket display case
EP1627584A1 (en) 2004-08-18 2006-02-22 Aldi Einkauf GmbH & Co.oHG Case for displaying goods, especially refrigerated display case
US20090308522A1 (en) * 2008-06-16 2009-12-17 Combs Jeffrey S Method and apparatus for sealing materials without glue
US20100050677A1 (en) * 2008-08-26 2010-03-04 BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH Refrigeration appliance with an ice maker
EP2806240A3 (en) * 2013-05-21 2015-04-29 Liebherr-Hausgeräte Lienz GmbH Refrigeration and/or freezer device
EP2878234A3 (en) * 2013-11-28 2015-07-15 Albert Weiss Goods display cabinet

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2515584A (en) * 1948-11-12 1950-07-18 Avco Mfg Corp Edge illuminated shelf for refrigerator cabinets
US3201579A (en) * 1963-07-11 1965-08-17 Northwestern Refining Co Illuminated building and sign
FR2535496A1 (en) * 1982-10-30 1984-05-04 Wescho Ladenbau Gmbh A carrier distinctive labels to goods
FR2538937A1 (en) * 1982-12-31 1984-07-06 Wescho Ladenbau Gmbh electric light to the presentation of goods
US6438983B1 (en) * 2000-10-02 2002-08-27 Tyler Refrigeration Corporation Dipping cabinet with improved lighting
US20050030736A1 (en) * 2002-10-02 2005-02-10 Chuang Sue-Li Kingsley Rear lighting with reflective shelf surfaces for supermarket display case
US7036947B2 (en) * 2002-10-02 2006-05-02 Carrier Commercial Refrigeration, Inc. Refrigeration system having rear light source with reflector
EP1627584A1 (en) 2004-08-18 2006-02-22 Aldi Einkauf GmbH & Co.oHG Case for displaying goods, especially refrigerated display case
US20090308522A1 (en) * 2008-06-16 2009-12-17 Combs Jeffrey S Method and apparatus for sealing materials without glue
US20100050677A1 (en) * 2008-08-26 2010-03-04 BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH Refrigeration appliance with an ice maker
EP2806240A3 (en) * 2013-05-21 2015-04-29 Liebherr-Hausgeräte Lienz GmbH Refrigeration and/or freezer device
EP2878234A3 (en) * 2013-11-28 2015-07-15 Albert Weiss Goods display cabinet

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