US2272821A - Telegraphone - Google Patents

Telegraphone Download PDF

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Publication number
US2272821A
US2272821A US287066A US28706639A US2272821A US 2272821 A US2272821 A US 2272821A US 287066 A US287066 A US 287066A US 28706639 A US28706639 A US 28706639A US 2272821 A US2272821 A US 2272821A
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Prior art keywords
pickups
pole pieces
frequencies
recording
ribbon
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Expired - Lifetime
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US287066A
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Henry E Roys
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RCA Corp
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RCA Corp
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Priority to US287066A priority Critical patent/US2272821A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/127Structure or manufacture of heads, e.g. inductive
    • G11B5/1278Structure or manufacture of heads, e.g. inductive specially adapted for magnetisations perpendicular to the surface of the record carrier

Description

H. E. ROYS 'I'ELEGRAPHONE 'Feb. 10, 1942.
Filed July 28, 1959 attorney Patented Feb. 10, 1942 2,272,821 rsmcmnom;
Henry E. Boys, Audubon, N. 3., assignor to Radio Corporation of America, a corporation of Delaware Application July 28, 1939, Serial No. 287,066
1 Claim.
This invention relates to telegraphones and more particularly to an improvement therein adapted to more effectively reproduce high frequencies or to record or reproduce separate frequency bands or channels.
In telegraphones as heretofore constructed, the frequencies which could be recorded or reproduced were limited by the size of the pole pieces of the magnets. If very narrow pole pieces were used, fairly high frequencies could be used, but the efilciency at low frequencies was very poor. If pole pieces of suflicient size to give best response on low frequencies were used, they were incapable of handling high frequencies.
Further, only a single recording could be mad on a single record, particularly when the wire type of telegraphone was used.
Since fine steel ribbon has been available, it has been used in the telegraphones for the reason that the orientation of the magnetization could be accurately determined, but it has otherwise been used in the same manner in which wire was used.
I have discovered that, in using steel ribbon, it is possible to handle a much greater frequency range by properly shaping the pole pieces or by using a plurality of pole pieces. It is also possible to place a plurality of totally independent records on a single ribbon and these records may be made by pole pieces particularly adapted to record selected frequency bands, the whole being combined on reproduction, or some of the records may be used as control records for regulating the amplifier on reproduction from the other records, so the recordings may even be so placed on the tape that one recording will be placed when the tape is moved in one direction and the other record will be played when the tape is moved in the other direction.
This arrangement gives the advantage that better frequency response may be secured and a much smaller quantity of tape than heretofore required may be used for a given amount of playing time.
One of the objects of the invention is to provide a telegraphone having an improved frequency response.
Another object of the invention is to provide a telegraphone which is capable of recording and reproducing both high and low frequencies with equal efficiency.
Another object of the invention is to provide a telegraphone which is capable of recording and reproducing a plurality of-independent frequency bands on the same record strip.
'of my invention.
In the telegraphone shown in Fig. 1, the steel ribbon i0 is wound from a reel 13 on to a reel M by means of a motor H, which drives an appropriate mechanism, such as a pair of rollers, for feeding the ribbon at a constant speed, and also drives the takeup reel IS. The magnetic pickups are generally indicated in this figure at I2.
In the form of the invention shown in Fig. 2, a plurality of different magnetic pickups is shown in appropriate relation to the steel ribbon. Any
or all of these pickups may be used as desired.
The pair of pickups Z0 and H, which are of opposite polarities, is located facing each other on opposite faces of the ribbon adjacent one edge thereof. The corresponding pair of pickups 22 and 23 is located on the faces of the ribbon adjacent the other edge thereof. It will be apparent that a record produced by the pickups 20 and 2| will not be affected by the pickups 22 and 23. Conversely, when the record is reproduced, a record produced by the pickups 22 and 23 will .not be reproduced through the pickups 20 and 2|. The pickups 2i! and 2! will, like the pickups 22 and 23, produce magnetization perpendicular to the flat face of the ribbon. A third pair of pickups 24 and 25 is shown having their opposite poles facing the edge of the ribbon and slightly spaced longitudinally of the ribbon. These pickups will produce longitudinal magnetization of the ribbon at the edge thereof.
Since this magnetization is longitudinal and is,
therefore, perpendicular to the plane of magnetization of the pickups 20 and 2|, any record produced by the pickups 24 and 25 will not affect thepickups 20 and 2| and passed therebetween.
The pickups 26 and 21 are relatively narrow pickups applied edgewise to the film like the pickups 24 and 25 but, in this case, they are applied to opposite edges of the film and produce transverse magnetization of the film edgewise.
The pickups 28 and 29 are spaced longitudinally on the film having, of course, their opposite poles adjacent the surface of the film. These pickups, due to their longitudinal spacing, will produce longitudinal magnetization of the film which will not be picked up to any appreciable extent by any of the other types of pickups described.
There will, of course, be a slight amount of pickup, for example, of impulses recorded by a pair of pickups such as 24 and 25, and by such a pair of pickups as 28 and 29. Likewise, any of the pickups which produce a permanent magnetization of the material which will pass through the field of any other pair of pickups in such position as to affect the field within those pickups, will produce a certain amount of result, but the level of this effect is quite low compared to the sound level produced on the pickups by the impulses intended for them. This slight mixture of sound corresponds .more or less to the cross-talk which occurs on telephone lines and is of the same general order of magnitude. At the relatively low levels and for the purposes for which telegraphones are generally used, this slight cross-talk is negligible. However, pickups arranged as just described may be used so as to avoid any appreciable cross-talk by using, for example, one pair of pickups of appropriate dimensions for recording the low frequencies and a second pair of pickups in synchronous position thereto for recording the high frequencies. The high frequency pickups would, of course, be designed so as to more effectively record and reproduce the high frequencies and, due to the synchronous relation of pickups to any pickup of high frequency by the low frequency pickups, or vice versa, would produce no damage whatever and would merely serve to reinforce the output from the other pickups.
Furthermore, one or more pairs of pickups may be used for recording or reproducing synchronous sound as just described, while additional pickups may be used for recording and reproducing subaudible or superaudible control frequencies which would be used, for example, to control the amplification in the reproducers of the audio frequency portion of the apparatus.
The form of the invention shown in Fig. 3
is not as versatile as that shown in Fig. 2. In this form of the invention, the pole pieces Ill and 3| are tapered laterally of the film. It has been found that, for more effectively recording and reproducing high frequency, very narrow pole pieces must be used. on the other hand, for recording and reproducing low frequencies, narrow pole pieces are not satisfactory for the reason that the total magnetic flux is not sufficient. Therefore, for low frequencies, larger pole pieces are much more satisfactory. In this form of the invention, the lateral taper of the pole pieces provides a narrow portion of the pole pieces for recording and reproducing high frequencies whereby the low frequencies are more effectively recorded and reproduced by the wider edge of the pole pieces. The use of separate pole pieces for recording different frequencies is, in this case, avoided by the shaping of the pole pieces and provision of a common winding forthe recording of both the high and low frequencies,
If desired, the thicker end of the pole piece which is intended to record or reproduce the low frequencies may be surrounded by an appropriate conducting ring, such as a copper ring, indicated at 32. This ring or short-circuited turn has the effect of preventing the thicker end of the pole piece from responding to the high frequencies. As a consequence, the high frequency impulses are transmitted practically entirely through the thinner end of the pole piece, thereby increasing the efficiency of the high frequencies.
I claim as my invention:
A telegraphone including means for moving a magnetizable ribbon between pole pieces, said pole pieces including pole pieces adapted to cooperate with a portion only of the width of said material, other pole pieces adapted to cooperate with a different portion only of said material, other pole pieces adapted to cooperate with an edge only of said material, other pole pieces adapted to cooperate with the edges of said material for transverse magnetization, and other pole pieces cooperating with the surfaces of said material for longitudinal magnetization.
HEETRY E. ROYS.
US287066A 1939-07-28 1939-07-28 Telegraphone Expired - Lifetime US2272821A (en)

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2429792A (en) * 1943-04-07 1947-10-28 Brush Dev Co Magnetic recording-reproducing means and system
US2469750A (en) * 1945-07-03 1949-05-10 Philco Corp Magnetic transducer adapted to compensate for twisting of record wire
US2471251A (en) * 1945-09-06 1949-05-24 Philco Corp Magnetic transducer adapted to compensate for twisting of the record wire
US2476110A (en) * 1944-09-08 1949-07-12 Neufeld Jacob Transducing system to compensate for torsion in a magnetic record wire
US2497654A (en) * 1945-05-29 1950-02-14 Brush Dev Co System for magnetically recording a modulated carrier in push-pull
US2511606A (en) * 1945-10-09 1950-06-13 Philco Corp Method and apparatus for producing a helical magnetic sound track on a wire record
US2520050A (en) * 1945-09-17 1950-08-22 Neufeld Jacob Magnetic sound recording and reproducing
US2532917A (en) * 1946-10-18 1950-12-05 Indiana Steel Products Co Dual channel magnetic recorder and method
US2536030A (en) * 1946-12-05 1951-01-02 Armour Res Found Electromagnetic transducer head
US2547464A (en) * 1950-03-03 1951-04-03 Frederick G Hehr Sound recording and reproducing apparatus
US2553290A (en) * 1947-02-12 1951-05-15 Gen Electric Magnetic recording and reproducing system
US2554354A (en) * 1944-07-27 1951-05-22 Brush Dev Co Magnetic recording and reproducing
US2615989A (en) * 1948-10-02 1952-10-28 Morris Weintraub Magnetic recorder
US2628285A (en) * 1950-01-05 1953-02-10 Armour Res Found Electromagnetic transducer head
US2685618A (en) * 1951-12-29 1954-08-03 Rca Corp Wide range magnetic recording system and method
US2697754A (en) * 1949-03-31 1954-12-21 Richard H Ranger Magnetic sound recording
US2712572A (en) * 1947-03-27 1955-07-05 Int Electronics Co Superimposed plural recording
US2803988A (en) * 1951-05-04 1957-08-27 Richard H Ranger Synchronzied magnetic sound recording apparatus
US2881263A (en) * 1954-01-11 1959-04-07 Gen Dynamics Corp Reproducing means for magnetic recording apparatus
US2889414A (en) * 1954-01-11 1959-06-02 Gen Dynamics Corp Combination recording heads
US3012104A (en) * 1954-04-05 1961-12-05 Philips Corp Method of recording and apparatus for recording signals
US3013123A (en) * 1954-03-15 1961-12-12 Armour Res Found Electromagnetic playback system
US3070670A (en) * 1960-02-23 1962-12-25 Ampex Magnetic record head assembly
US3221314A (en) * 1953-01-27 1965-11-30 Sperry Rand Corp Multiple channel magnetic transducer
US4358806A (en) * 1979-04-27 1982-11-09 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Magnetic recording and reproducing method and magnetic recording medium therefor
EP0070907A1 (en) * 1981-02-08 1983-02-09 OHTSUBO, Akio Vertical recording-type single pole magnetic head

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2429792A (en) * 1943-04-07 1947-10-28 Brush Dev Co Magnetic recording-reproducing means and system
US2554354A (en) * 1944-07-27 1951-05-22 Brush Dev Co Magnetic recording and reproducing
US2476110A (en) * 1944-09-08 1949-07-12 Neufeld Jacob Transducing system to compensate for torsion in a magnetic record wire
US2497654A (en) * 1945-05-29 1950-02-14 Brush Dev Co System for magnetically recording a modulated carrier in push-pull
US2469750A (en) * 1945-07-03 1949-05-10 Philco Corp Magnetic transducer adapted to compensate for twisting of record wire
US2471251A (en) * 1945-09-06 1949-05-24 Philco Corp Magnetic transducer adapted to compensate for twisting of the record wire
US2520050A (en) * 1945-09-17 1950-08-22 Neufeld Jacob Magnetic sound recording and reproducing
US2511606A (en) * 1945-10-09 1950-06-13 Philco Corp Method and apparatus for producing a helical magnetic sound track on a wire record
US2532917A (en) * 1946-10-18 1950-12-05 Indiana Steel Products Co Dual channel magnetic recorder and method
US2536030A (en) * 1946-12-05 1951-01-02 Armour Res Found Electromagnetic transducer head
US2553290A (en) * 1947-02-12 1951-05-15 Gen Electric Magnetic recording and reproducing system
US2712572A (en) * 1947-03-27 1955-07-05 Int Electronics Co Superimposed plural recording
US2615989A (en) * 1948-10-02 1952-10-28 Morris Weintraub Magnetic recorder
US2697754A (en) * 1949-03-31 1954-12-21 Richard H Ranger Magnetic sound recording
US2628285A (en) * 1950-01-05 1953-02-10 Armour Res Found Electromagnetic transducer head
US2547464A (en) * 1950-03-03 1951-04-03 Frederick G Hehr Sound recording and reproducing apparatus
US2803988A (en) * 1951-05-04 1957-08-27 Richard H Ranger Synchronzied magnetic sound recording apparatus
US2685618A (en) * 1951-12-29 1954-08-03 Rca Corp Wide range magnetic recording system and method
US3221314A (en) * 1953-01-27 1965-11-30 Sperry Rand Corp Multiple channel magnetic transducer
US2881263A (en) * 1954-01-11 1959-04-07 Gen Dynamics Corp Reproducing means for magnetic recording apparatus
US2889414A (en) * 1954-01-11 1959-06-02 Gen Dynamics Corp Combination recording heads
US3013123A (en) * 1954-03-15 1961-12-12 Armour Res Found Electromagnetic playback system
US3012104A (en) * 1954-04-05 1961-12-05 Philips Corp Method of recording and apparatus for recording signals
US3070670A (en) * 1960-02-23 1962-12-25 Ampex Magnetic record head assembly
US4358806A (en) * 1979-04-27 1982-11-09 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Magnetic recording and reproducing method and magnetic recording medium therefor
EP0070907A1 (en) * 1981-02-08 1983-02-09 OHTSUBO, Akio Vertical recording-type single pole magnetic head
EP0070907A4 (en) * 1981-02-08 1983-06-08 Akio Ohtsubo Vertical recording-type single pole magnetic head.

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