US2475421A - Combined erasing and recording magnetic transducer - Google Patents

Combined erasing and recording magnetic transducer Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2475421A
US2475421A US596779A US59677945A US2475421A US 2475421 A US2475421 A US 2475421A US 596779 A US596779 A US 596779A US 59677945 A US59677945 A US 59677945A US 2475421 A US2475421 A US 2475421A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
recording
coil
magnetic
gap
leg
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US596779A
Inventor
Camras Marvin
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ARMOUR RES FOUND
ARMOUR RESEARCH FOUNDATION OF ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Original Assignee
ARMOUR RES FOUND
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ARMOUR RES FOUND filed Critical ARMOUR RES FOUND
Priority to US596779A priority Critical patent/US2475421A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2475421A publication Critical patent/US2475421A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/127Structure or manufacture of heads, e.g. inductive
    • G11B5/265Structure or manufacture of a head with more than one gap for erasing, recording or reproducing on the same track

Description

July 5, 1949.

M. CA COMBINED ERASING AND RECORDING MAGNETIC TRANSDUCER Filed May 30, 1945 .F] g. I

TO OSCILLA OUTPUT 7 INPUT Marvin C'a'm rvrs TO AMPLIFIER Patented July 5, 1949 COMBINED ERASING AND RECORDING MAGNETIC TRANSDUCER Marvin Camras, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Armour Research. Foundation of. Illinois Institute oi. Technology; a corporation of Illinois Application May 30, 1945, Serial No. 596,779.

3"Claims. 1

The present invention relates to. a magnetic recording and reproducing device, and more particularly to a specific construction thereof for including a recording gap and an erase gap in the same recording head, and in some instances, thev addition of a pick-up gap, also.

The term recording head-as .used in-the present specification and claimsrefers; to an electromagnetic head for recording, reproducing or both recording and reproducing.

Magnetic recordingheads comprise generally an electromagnet withopposing poles, the edges of which are centrally grooved for accommodating an axially movingparamagnetic wire which is incrementally magnetizedlongitudinally in accordance with variations impressed on the electromagnet coil by sound waves falling on a microphone. A common method of operating a magnetic recording device is to first impress the record on the longitudinally travelling wire by the recording head, afterwards to reproduce the record on the same or a different head and then when desired, to erase or demagnetize the record by passing the Wire througha separate erasing head, such as one energized by, high frequency current. The provision of such separate erasing and recording heads makes the apparatus cumbersome and relatively expensive to manufacture.

An objectv of the present invention is to'comblue the erasing and recording gaps in a single magnetic recording head, that is, in a single electromagnet, thereby simplifying the apparatus and making it less expensive to manufacture.

A more specific object of the present invention is to provide an electromagnetic recording head embodying three separate gaps, namely, a recording gap, an erase gap, and a pick-up gap.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent from a study of the following specification taken with the drawings wherein:

Figure 1 is a front view of a magnetic recording head embodying erase and rewarding gaps in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line IIII of Figure 1 showing the central groove for guiding a longitudinally moving paramagnetic wire; and

Figure 3 is a modified magnetic, recording head embodying, in addition to the erase and recording gaps, a pick-up gap as well.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, numeral I generally denotes a magnetic recording head comprising a substantially E-shaped magnetic core 2, preferably of material of high magnetic permeability and low retentivity. The outer legs 3 and 4 of the E-shaped core have laterally inward extensions so as to present narrowly'tapered poles which are in confronting relationship with the poles disposed on opposite surfaces of the end of the central leg of the E-shaped structure, thereby providing an erase gap 5'which may be of the order of 0.01 inch, and a recording gap 6 which may be of the order of 0.002 inch. A low impedance erase coil l is Wound on leg 3 and has a few number of turns such as, for example,.20, whereas a somewhat higher impedance recording and pick-up coil 0 is wound on leg 4, such coil having a relatively large number of turns, such as, for example, about 2000. A few of the turns 9 of the low impedance coil 1 are Wound about leg 5, thereby threading the recording side of. the electromagnet to provide a high freduencycomponent thereto.

Figure 3 shows a modified form of recording head similar to that shown in Figure 1 except that there is added an additional pick-up electromagnet having a substantially U-shaped' core l2 on one of which legs is wound a high impedance pick-up coil it. An advantage of making the pick-up coil of high impedance isthat it elimihates the necessity for an input transformer which transformer not only addsto the expense and complication of the appara-tusbut introduces distortion. A pick-up gap 20 is provided between the ends of core l2. Core i2 may be either Welded or merely placed in close abutting relationship with a projecting portion M of the substantially E-shaped core 15. On one leg of the E- shaped core I5 is wound a low impedance erase coil l6 and on the other leg, a low or medium impedance recording coil i! so as to provide an erase gap l0 and recording gap i9, respectively. An advantage of making the erase or recording coil of low or at least medium impedance is that it will facilitate winding of the coils and coupling to associated circuits. While cores l2 and I5 may be made of the same material, it is preferable to make them of diiierent materials because the desired characteristics of the pick-up head and recording head are somewhat different. More specifically, core l2 of the pick-up head should have high initial permeability because the flux threading the pick-up coil depends upon the permeability of the magnetic circuit, and should enerate the least amount of noise when the wire :00 passes through the central groove H on playaok.

While turns 9 are shown below coil 8 of Fig. 1 and will! of Fig. 3, it should be notw. that in some cases better operation is obtained if they are placed above these coils. On the other hand, core 15 of the recording head and erase head should be of material that does not saturate readily, because it is undesirable to have the core material saturate before the wire saturates. Wires have saturation values of the order of 8000 to 20,000 lines per square centimeter depending on the wire materials whereas the above mentioned alloys have higher saturation values although their initial permeability is lower than that of Mu-metal.

It should be noted that separate magnetic paths exist for each of the coils and their associated gaps. For example, the erase coil provides a flux which extends through the leg which it surrounds as well as a central part of core l whereas the recording coil l'l provides a flux going through its supporting leg and the central leg of core l5, and the pick-up coil l3 has induced a flux which extends through both legs of the U-shaped core I 2 traversing pick-up gap 20.

If desired, the E-shaped structure shown in Figure 1 or 3 may be subdivided vertically in two halves as illustrated, that is, may be made up of two separate cores having adjoining surfaces such as the surfaces existing between the E-shaped and U-shaped cores of Figure 3.

The open design provided by the E-shaped structures permits insertion or removal of wire without threading. Thus, it will be seen that I have provided an eilicient multipurpose electromagnet including not only a recording gap but an erase gap and in some instances a pick-up gap as well, thereby providing a relatively compact structure for accomplishing a number of purposes in a magnetic recording device.

It will, of course, be understood that various details of construction may be varied through a wide range without departing from the principles of this invention and it is, therefore, not the purpose to limit the patent granted hereon otherwise than necessitated by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. A magnetic recording head comprising a magnetic core having a plurality of legs, a relatively low impedance coil mounted on one leg and a relatively high impedance coil mounted on another leg, the ends of said legs being in closely spaced relationship to form two non-magnetic gaps energized by a different one of said coils, and means for guiding a magnetic record member along a path substantially parallel to the magnetic axes of said gaps and successively across said gap.

2. A magnetic recording head comprising a flat magnetic core including a plurality of legs forming a plurality of aligned gaps and having a relatively low impedance coil mounted on one leg and a relatively high impedance coil mounted on another leg, the ends of said legs having lateral extensions projecting in closely spaced relationship with opposed end portions of a centrally disposed leg to form an erase gap energized substantially only by said low impedance coil and a recording gap energized by said high impedance coil, said legs including means for guidin a magnetic record member along a path substantially parallel to the magnetic axes of said gaps and successively across said gaps.

3. A magnetic recording head comprising a substantially E-shaped magnetic core having a relatively low impedance coil mounted on one outer leg and a relatively high impedance coil mounted on the other outer leg, the ends of said outer legs being in closely spaced relationship with the end portion of the center leg to form two non-magnetic gaps, said low impedance coil having a pair of leads through which said coil is energized by a high frequency source, one of said leads making several turns around said other outer leg adjacent said high impedance coil to provide a high frequency component.

MARVIN CAMRAS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,815,010 Pollock July 14, 1931 2,351,011 Camras June 13, 1944 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 805,434 France Nov. 19, 1936

US596779A 1945-05-30 1945-05-30 Combined erasing and recording magnetic transducer Expired - Lifetime US2475421A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US596779A US2475421A (en) 1945-05-30 1945-05-30 Combined erasing and recording magnetic transducer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US596779A US2475421A (en) 1945-05-30 1945-05-30 Combined erasing and recording magnetic transducer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2475421A true US2475421A (en) 1949-07-05

Family

ID=24388661

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US596779A Expired - Lifetime US2475421A (en) 1945-05-30 1945-05-30 Combined erasing and recording magnetic transducer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2475421A (en)

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1072830B (en) * 1956-10-22
US2554582A (en) * 1947-06-06 1951-05-29 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Magnetic recorder
US2596912A (en) * 1948-08-13 1952-05-13 Daystrom Electric Corp Multigap magnetic transducer head
US2633504A (en) * 1948-01-08 1953-03-31 Gasaccumulator Svenska Ab Combined record-erase head for magnetic recorders
US2649568A (en) * 1949-07-12 1953-08-18 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Magnetometer
US2686846A (en) * 1952-01-16 1954-08-17 Ampro Corp Magnetic transducer head
US2692379A (en) * 1952-05-27 1954-10-19 Dolan H Toth Blocking oscillator magnetic recording device
US2694754A (en) * 1950-06-12 1954-11-16 Lawrence H Connell Magnetic recording apparatus
DE959064C (en) * 1952-01-27 1957-02-28 Lorenz C Ag Three-legged magnetic head for magnetic recorders, where the foot cross-section of the middle, T-shaped leg is narrower than the outer, J-shaped leg
US2905933A (en) * 1957-07-09 1959-09-22 Olivetti Corp Of America Magnetic drum storage unit
US2969529A (en) * 1957-05-17 1961-01-24 Burroughs Corp Magnetic read-write head having two gaps
US3012104A (en) * 1954-04-05 1961-12-05 Philips Corp Method of recording and apparatus for recording signals
US3067294A (en) * 1957-09-06 1962-12-04 Geb Steidinger Recording and playback head for magnetic sound recorders
DE1166265B (en) * 1960-02-09 1964-03-26 Telefunken Patent Magnetic head assembly
US3824622A (en) * 1971-07-21 1974-07-16 Alps Electric Co Ltd Multichannel magnetic head
US3882544A (en) * 1973-12-14 1975-05-06 Xerox Corp Combined wide-erase and read-write magnetic head
US5499150A (en) * 1992-05-11 1996-03-12 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Magnetic head
US5587694A (en) * 1993-06-30 1996-12-24 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Reactor with core gap spacers
US5926946A (en) * 1994-12-28 1999-07-27 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Method for manufacturing reactor
US20090066465A1 (en) * 2007-09-06 2009-03-12 Udo Ausserlechner Magnetic core for testing magnetic sensors

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1815010A (en) * 1928-11-09 1931-07-14 Edwin King Scheftel Recording and reproducing sound
FR805434A (en) * 1935-04-13 1936-11-19 Aeg Process for recording and reproducing sounds
US2351011A (en) * 1943-02-25 1944-06-13 Armour Res Found Method of and means for energizing magnetic recorder heads

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1815010A (en) * 1928-11-09 1931-07-14 Edwin King Scheftel Recording and reproducing sound
FR805434A (en) * 1935-04-13 1936-11-19 Aeg Process for recording and reproducing sounds
US2351011A (en) * 1943-02-25 1944-06-13 Armour Res Found Method of and means for energizing magnetic recorder heads

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2554582A (en) * 1947-06-06 1951-05-29 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Magnetic recorder
US2633504A (en) * 1948-01-08 1953-03-31 Gasaccumulator Svenska Ab Combined record-erase head for magnetic recorders
US2596912A (en) * 1948-08-13 1952-05-13 Daystrom Electric Corp Multigap magnetic transducer head
US2649568A (en) * 1949-07-12 1953-08-18 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Magnetometer
US2694754A (en) * 1950-06-12 1954-11-16 Lawrence H Connell Magnetic recording apparatus
US2686846A (en) * 1952-01-16 1954-08-17 Ampro Corp Magnetic transducer head
DE959064C (en) * 1952-01-27 1957-02-28 Lorenz C Ag Three-legged magnetic head for magnetic recorders, where the foot cross-section of the middle, T-shaped leg is narrower than the outer, J-shaped leg
US2692379A (en) * 1952-05-27 1954-10-19 Dolan H Toth Blocking oscillator magnetic recording device
US3012104A (en) * 1954-04-05 1961-12-05 Philips Corp Method of recording and apparatus for recording signals
DE1072830B (en) * 1956-10-22
US2969529A (en) * 1957-05-17 1961-01-24 Burroughs Corp Magnetic read-write head having two gaps
US2905933A (en) * 1957-07-09 1959-09-22 Olivetti Corp Of America Magnetic drum storage unit
US3067294A (en) * 1957-09-06 1962-12-04 Geb Steidinger Recording and playback head for magnetic sound recorders
DE1166265B (en) * 1960-02-09 1964-03-26 Telefunken Patent Magnetic head assembly
US3824622A (en) * 1971-07-21 1974-07-16 Alps Electric Co Ltd Multichannel magnetic head
US3882544A (en) * 1973-12-14 1975-05-06 Xerox Corp Combined wide-erase and read-write magnetic head
US5499150A (en) * 1992-05-11 1996-03-12 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Magnetic head
US5587694A (en) * 1993-06-30 1996-12-24 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Reactor with core gap spacers
US5926946A (en) * 1994-12-28 1999-07-27 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Method for manufacturing reactor
US20090066465A1 (en) * 2007-09-06 2009-03-12 Udo Ausserlechner Magnetic core for testing magnetic sensors

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4210946A (en) Magnetic recording medium
KR910000791B1 (en) Magnetic recording play back device
US2738383A (en) Method and apparatus for duplicating magnetic recordings and magnetic tape record members
US2711945A (en) Magnetic transducer head for high frequency signals
US3328195A (en) Magnetic recording medium with two storage layers for recording different signals
US3052567A (en) Magnetic recording medium
US2711901A (en) Magnetic recording tape and method of making same
US2712572A (en) Superimposed plural recording
US2493742A (en) Magnetic transducing core for magnetic record transducers
DE3566848D1 (en) Thin-layer double-gap magnetic head for a perpendicularly magnetized recording medium
EP0128625A1 (en) Magnetic transducing head for writing information on high-coercive recording media
US3152225A (en) Magnetic tape transducer
GB1032867A (en) Improvements in or relating to magnetometers
US4956728A (en) Method of and device for demagnetizing magnetic recording medium
US2523576A (en) Ring-type magnetic recordtransducing head
US5995339A (en) Magnetoresistive head with a front flux guide and an embedded MR element
US2456767A (en) Combination of magnetic transducing and erasing heads
JP2600841B2 (en) Magnetic head
US2653189A (en) Electromagnetic transducer head
US2351003A (en) Recording and reproducing of vibrations
US2700703A (en) Magnetic reproducer
US2483123A (en) Humbucking arrangement for magnetic transducers
US3391254A (en) Magnetic head with means for producing a shiftable high permeability region in a magnetic permeable material
US2272821A (en) Telegraphone
US4253127A (en) Magnetic head