US2265337A - Pulse generating and pulse modulating system - Google Patents

Pulse generating and pulse modulating system Download PDF

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Publication number
US2265337A
US2265337A US333944A US33394440A US2265337A US 2265337 A US2265337 A US 2265337A US 333944 A US333944 A US 333944A US 33394440 A US33394440 A US 33394440A US 2265337 A US2265337 A US 2265337A
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United States
Prior art keywords
pulse
plate
pulses
beam
slit
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Expired - Lifetime
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US333944A
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Beatty William Arnold
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International Standard Electric Corp
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International Standard Electric Corp
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Publication date
Priority to GB51939A priority Critical patent/GB523575A/en
Priority to GB1537139A priority patent/GB529648A/en
Application filed by International Standard Electric Corp filed Critical International Standard Electric Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/04Synchronising
    • H04N5/06Generation of synchronising signals
    • H04N5/067Arrangements or circuits at the transmitter end
    • H04N5/0675Arrangements or circuits at the transmitter end for mixing the synchronising signals with the picture signal or mutually
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03KPULSE TECHNIQUE
    • H03K7/00Modulating pulses with a continuously-variable modulating signal
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03KPULSE TECHNIQUE
    • H03K7/00Modulating pulses with a continuously-variable modulating signal
    • H03K7/08Duration or width modulation Duty cycle modulation

Description

Dec. 9, 1941. w. A. BEATTY PULSE GENERATING AND PULSE MODULATINGSYSTEM Filed May 8; 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Fig. I.

Fig. 3.

mwmor M l 6e A orney Dec. 9, 1941. w A. BEATTY 2,265,337

PULSE GENERATING AND PULSE MODULATING" SYSTEM Filed May 8, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 /NTEL L /6'WC SUBSMNT/ALLY 7' TFA/VJ-M/TTE/Z DEFZfC770/V COA/SmA/T y- ENERGY FREQUENCY [Ms-E6) FREQUENCY 70 TR/M/SM/ 7' 7 5/6 l/Werfl'br.

M 5 ea Hy By 5 aw A ttorney Patented Dec. 9, 1941 FICE PULSE GENERATING AND PULSE MODULAT- ING SYSTEM William Arnold Beatty, Sidcup. England, assignor to International Standard Electric Corporation, New York, N. Y.

I Application May a, 1940, Serial No. 333.944 1 In Great Britain May 24, 1939 4 Claims.

of pulses used for methods for pulse modulation.

The present, invention comprises novel methods of generating pulses having characteristics similar to those described in the above mentioned patent applications, which methods are modifications of or improvements over the methods already described.

In said prior patent applications identification codes have been given to various types of pulses and the same pulse identification codes will be utilised throughout this specification. These two patent applications deal with methods of pulse generation in which an electron beam is de-' flected repeatedly across a target under the control of a wave of constant form and is deflected transversely under the control of a sound or like wave, a feature of these proposals being that the target plates are so shaped that the desired pulses are obtained. a

It is an object of the invention to'provide improved means for the generation of impulses for time-modulated impulse transmission.

Another object is to provide improved means for time-modulating impulses in an impulse transmission system. I

A further object is to provide relatively simple, compact, and emcient means for generating impulses and for time-modulating the same in ac-.

' cordance with an intelligence signal.

Figure 5 shows a transmitter tube construction embodying the anode arrangement shown in Figure 3.

Figure 4 shows a transmitter tube embodying the anode arrangement shown in Figure 1. The electron beam is produced by the usual cathode C and the accelerating and concentrating electrode A and passes between two sets of deflecting plates Pa. and Pb. The beam is deflected horizontally at a high frequency by supplying a substantially constant frequency voltage tov the plates Pa, and the beam is shifted vertically by applying to the plates Pb a variable potential derived from a suitable source Sb such as a modulating wave or other intelligence signals. The

horizontal deflection of the beam produces periodic pulses of uniform shape and amplitude in the output circuit connected to an anode 25, and deflection of the beam in a vertical direction by means of the intelligence signal causes a shift in the phase of the uniform pulses produced by the horizontal deflection. f

I In accordance with features of this invention, it is now proposed that the target he placed behind an apertured screen, the shape of the aperture determining the form of the pulse. Thus pulses similar to those described in the abovementioned patent application No. 313,041 can be generated by scanning a plate which has a slit or aperture. The electrons passing through the slit or aperture are collected on a target or collector anode which is located behind the plate It is also an object to provide improved means for producing relatively high-power time-modulated impulses in an impulse transmitting system.

- with the drawings included herewith- In said drawings Another object resides in the provision of im-- proved means for generating and modulating im- 40 Fig. 1 shows schematically in front view an electrode arrangement for the generation ofone form of impulse in accordance with the invention;

Fig. 2 shows schematically in side elevation an electrode structure for-the generation'of higher and ' power impulses in accordance with the invention;

of pulses of complex configuration inaccordance with the invention. v

Figure 4 shows a transmitter tube construction embodying the anode arrangement shown in Figure 1; and

having the said slit or aperture, thus making the duration and time of occurrence of pulses dependent upon the shape of the slit 'or aperture.

In order to obtain a higher impulse output from such an electron discharge structure the collector anode may be arranged as the first secondary emitting anode of an electron multiplier.

In accordance withfurther features of the invention it is proposed that pulses derived from a .target located behind; an apertured screen be combined with pulses derived from the apertured screen. Thus complex pulses having two amplitudes, such as those coded as RT+S/RT (Rectangular trailing edge fixed double pulse rectangular trailing edge suppressed) or RL+S/RL (Rectangular leading edge fixed double pulse rectangular leading edge suppressed), may be generated by acombination of the aboveindicated method'employing a slit or aperture and the former method employing a shaped 7 target plate.

Referring to Fig. 1, thereis shown a plate 2| with a relatively narrow slit 22 of substantially uniform width. The plate 2| is preferably located in the path of an electron beam and so arranged that the slit 22 extends at some angle other than a right angle with the axis of a pair of deflection plates for deflecting the beam. The

cation No. 313,041, the electron beam being 7 linearly deflected across the plate 2| in directions indicated generally by arrows 23. Deflection in directions indicated generally by arrows 24, preferably at right angles to the directions 23, may be controlled by a signal characteristic of a sound or'like wave.

Electrons from the beam pass through the slit 22 and are collected on a collector plate 25 located behind the plate 2|, the plate 25 being shown by dotted lines and being of such dimensions that it completely covers the slit 22.

It can be seen that when utilizing methods similar to those already described pulse signals can now be taken from the collector plate 25, and that these pulses have characteristics similar to those derived from the target plate 4|, shown in the said Fig. 8.

If desired the plate 25 can be made the first secondary emitting anode of an electron multiplier. One such arrangement is partially illustrated by means of Fig. 2. An electron beam 26 strikes the plate 2|, and as already described electrons pass through the slit 23 and strike the plate 25 which in the preferred form shown is located at an angle of 45 with reference to plate 2|. The plate '25 comprises the first secondary emitting anode of an electron multiplier arrangement which follows. Further secondary emitting anodes 21 and 23 and deflector plates 29 and 30 are also shown. The external envelope, voltage supplies and magnetic field required for the deflection of the secondary beams 3| and 32, and output anodes are'not shown as these arrangements are well known. It can be seen that with this latter arrangement pulses of large amplitudes can be obtained.

A further embodiment of the proposal is to employ an electron multiplier arrangement combined with a target plate in such a manner that there are generated RT-l-S/RT or RL+S/RL pulses, that is, pulses of forms which may be described as rectangular trailing edge fixed plus double pulse rectangular trailing edge suppressed,

or as rectangular leading edge fixed plus double,

pulse rectangular leading edge suppressed, respectively, as will be clear.

Referring to Fig. 3, a plate 33 with slit 34 has a collector plate 35 shown by dotted lines of such a size that it covers the slit 34 located behind the plate 33. A further triangular plate 35 is located in front of the plate 33, the edge 31 of the plate 36 running parallel to the edge 38 of the slit 34 and partially obscuring the said slit.

The plate 35 can comprise the first secondary emitting anode of an electron multiplier system as shown and described having reference to Fig.

2 of the drawings accompanying this specification, and such an arrangement is illustrated in Figure 5. The various elements in this Figure 1 corresponding to elements having the same j 1 function in Figures 1 to 4 are indicated by the same reference numerals.

Using scanning methods as previously de- 1 scribed, it can be seen that electrons passing through the slit 34 give pulses of relatively large 5 amplitude at the output of the electron multiplier, while pulses of smaller amplitude are derived from the plate 36. 1 now be combined in any known manner giving 5 an RT+S/RT type of pulse.

These pulses can It can be seen from the foregoing description going description that any or all the collector I and screening plates are suitably insulated from one another, such insulation requirements and methods being well known to those skilled in the art.

What is claimed is: I

1. An electron discharge device for generating time-modulated impulses, said device including a source of electrons supplying a beam of electrons, at least two pairs of deflection plates in the path of said beam, and a target electrode, said target electrode comprising a plate member generally transversely disposed with respect to said beam, said plate member having a straight narrow aperture of substantially uniform width extending at an angle other than a right angle with respect to the deflecting axis of one of said pairs of deflection plates, a conductive member adjacent said plate member overlying said aperture on the side of said plate remote from said source of electrons, and an output connection from said conductive member, a source of high frequency current for energizing one pair of deflecting plates to cause said beam to repeatedly traverse said aperture along one deflection axis, thereby producing periodic uniform pulses in said output connection; and a source of lower frequency current for shifting said beam at right angles to said one axis to thereby shift the phase relation of said pulses. a

2. An electron discharge device according to claim 1, in which said conductive surface is adapted for secondary emission, and in which said output means includes electron multiplier means, whereby the magnitude of current obtained by said conductive surface intercepting said beam is increased.

3. An electron discharge device for generating complex time-modulated impulses including means for generating an electron beam, deflection means in the path of said beam for deflecting said beam in a two-coordinate system, a conductive surface disposed to intercept deflected electrons from said beam, output means associated with said conductive surface, .a masking 'plate supported in front of said conductive surwith respect to the axesof said deflecting sys-- tem, a second conductive surface 'insulatingly supported in front of said masking plate and having a straight edge arranged adjacent to and parallel with said narrow aperture in said masking plate and having two additional edges arranged parallel to the deflecting axes of said deflecting system, respectively, and an output connection to said second conductive surface.

4. An electron discharge device according to claim 3, in which one of said conductive surfaces is adapted for secondary emission, and inwhich the output means associated with one of said conductive surfaces includes electron multiplier means, whereby the. magnitude of current obtained by. said one of said surfaces intercepting said beam is increased to a value greater than the magnitude of current obtained in the other of said output means.

WILLIAM ARNOLD BEA'I'I'Y.

US333944A 1939-01-06 1940-05-08 Pulse generating and pulse modulating system Expired - Lifetime US2265337A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB51939A GB523575A (en) 1939-01-06 1939-01-06 Improvements in or relating to methods of generating pulses characteristic of sound and like waves
GB1537139A GB529648A (en) 1939-01-06 1939-05-24 Improvements in or relating to methods of generating pulses characteristic of sound and like waves

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2265337A true US2265337A (en) 1941-12-09

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Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US313041A Expired - Lifetime US2256336A (en) 1939-01-06 1940-01-09 Pulse modulation system
US333944A Expired - Lifetime US2265337A (en) 1939-01-06 1940-05-08 Pulse generating and pulse modulating system

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US313041A Expired - Lifetime US2256336A (en) 1939-01-06 1940-01-09 Pulse modulation system

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US (2) US2256336A (en)
CH (1) CH236323A (en)
ES (1) ES177690A1 (en)
FR (1) FR862598A (en)
GB (2) GB523575A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2427500A (en) * 1944-12-01 1947-09-16 Rca Corp Cathode-ray tube modulator in a pulse multiplex transmitter
US2443958A (en) * 1944-09-23 1948-06-22 Rca Corp Modulation
US2445568A (en) * 1943-10-07 1948-07-20 Farnsworth Res Corp Modulating system
US2454773A (en) * 1943-04-07 1948-11-30 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Pulse multiplex transmitter employing a cathode-ray tube time modulator
US3071762A (en) * 1956-11-09 1963-01-01 North American Aviation Inc Analog-to-digital converter
DE1266831B (en) * 1963-04-04 1968-04-25 Derek John Kyte Photoelectric circuitry with electrostatic modulation of the output signal

Families Citing this family (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2406803A (en) * 1941-12-16 1946-09-03 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd High-frequency electrical communication system
GB581811A (en) * 1942-12-18 1946-10-25 Dennis Illingworth Lawson Pulse modulation signalling systems
US2566882A (en) * 1943-03-11 1951-09-04 Gen Electric Communication system
US2447233A (en) * 1943-04-07 1948-08-17 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Pulse time modulation multiplex receiver
US2433863A (en) * 1943-05-13 1948-01-06 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Pulse generation circuit
US2590306A (en) * 1943-05-29 1952-03-25 Rca Corp Combined television and sound system
US2478920A (en) * 1943-08-04 1949-08-16 Rca Corp Pulse system
US2459798A (en) * 1944-03-03 1949-01-25 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Signal translator blocking circuit
US2428118A (en) * 1944-04-07 1947-09-30 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Pulse multiplex system
US2485611A (en) * 1944-04-07 1949-10-25 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Broadcasting system
US2495722A (en) * 1944-10-02 1950-01-31 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Distance indicating system
US2532719A (en) * 1944-10-16 1950-12-05 John H Homrighous Dimensional radio communication system
BE469039A (en) * 1944-11-25
US2462852A (en) * 1945-01-23 1949-03-01 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Frequency modulation system
US2591732A (en) * 1945-03-05 1952-04-08 Sheaffer Charles Radio apparatus
US2495739A (en) * 1945-04-02 1950-01-31 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Selectable band width electrical pulse multichannel communication system
US2634414A (en) * 1945-08-28 1953-04-07 Gordon W Andrew Proportional control
US2533405A (en) * 1945-09-15 1950-12-12 Nat Union Radio Corp Demodulation apparatus for pulse multiplex pulse time modulated signals
US2485591A (en) * 1945-10-30 1949-10-25 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Pulse time division multiplex system
US2549826A (en) * 1945-12-04 1951-04-24 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Multiplex electrical pulse communication system
US2470028A (en) * 1946-01-18 1949-05-10 Bendix Aviat Corp Pulse generation
US3075147A (en) * 1946-03-22 1963-01-22 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Pulse code modulation transmission
US2463535A (en) * 1946-03-22 1949-03-08 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Electron discharge device
US2461667A (en) * 1946-10-03 1949-02-15 Philco Corp Electrical system
US2647944A (en) * 1946-11-26 1953-08-04 American Optical Corp Single carrier transmission of sound and video signals
US2474810A (en) * 1947-03-22 1949-07-05 Int Standard Electric Corp Multichannel cyclophon
US2728911A (en) * 1950-04-11 1955-12-27 Cutler Phil Frequency selective device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2454773A (en) * 1943-04-07 1948-11-30 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Pulse multiplex transmitter employing a cathode-ray tube time modulator
US2445568A (en) * 1943-10-07 1948-07-20 Farnsworth Res Corp Modulating system
US2443958A (en) * 1944-09-23 1948-06-22 Rca Corp Modulation
US2427500A (en) * 1944-12-01 1947-09-16 Rca Corp Cathode-ray tube modulator in a pulse multiplex transmitter
US3071762A (en) * 1956-11-09 1963-01-01 North American Aviation Inc Analog-to-digital converter
DE1266831B (en) * 1963-04-04 1968-04-25 Derek John Kyte Photoelectric circuitry with electrostatic modulation of the output signal

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US2256336A (en) 1941-09-16
ES177690A1 (en) 1947-06-01
FR862598A (en) 1941-03-14
CH236323A (en) 1945-01-31
GB523575A (en) 1940-07-17
GB529648A (en) 1940-11-26

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