US224488A - Half of his right to l - Google PatentsHalf of his right to l Download PDF
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- US224488A US224488A US224488DA US224488A US 224488 A US224488 A US 224488A US 224488D A US224488D A US 224488DA US 224488 A US224488 A US 224488A
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- 229920002456 HOTAIR Polymers 0.000 description 12
- 238000002485 combustion reaction Methods 0.000 description 12
- 241000501754 Astronotus ocellatus Species 0.000 description 4
- 206010022000 Influenza Diseases 0.000 description 4
- 229910001018 Cast iron Inorganic materials 0.000 description 2
- 210000001513 Elbow Anatomy 0.000 description 2
- 239000011449 brick Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000010438 heat treatment Methods 0.000 description 2
- F—MECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
- F24—HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
- F24H—FLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, e.g. HEAT PUMPS, IN GENERAL
- F24H3/00—Air heaters
O. G. STAFFORD. Hot-Air Furfr lace.
No. 224,488. Patented Feb. 10, 1880;
I I 6%? WW W W M ATTORN EYS N. PETERS, PHOTOJJTHOGRAPHER, WASHINGTON. D C.
' UNITE STATES PATENT. OFFICE.
OSCAR o. STAFFORD, or MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, ASSIGNOR OF ONE- HALF OF HIS RIGHT TO L. STAFFORD, OF SAME PLACE.
HOT-Al R FURNACE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 224,488, dated February 10, 1880.
' Application filed May 10,- 1879.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, OSCAR O. STAFFORD, of Minneapolis, in the county of Hennepin, and in the State of Minnesota, have invented cer-. tain new and useful Improvements in Hot-Air Furnaces; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, andto the letters of reference marked thereon, making a part of this specification. p e
- The nature of my invention consists in a hot-air furnace composed of certain parts constructed, arranged, and combined as hereinafter more fully .set forth, and pointed out in Y the claims.
In order to enable others skilled in the art the grate B, above which is the fire-chamber,
and below the same the ash-pit. Above the grate B on each side is a cast-iron lining made of a series of vertically-divided sections, 0 G,
- of suitable form to be put in through the door at the front.
The sections of the lining are made to overlap each other at the adjacent edges, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, and when any section becomes burned outit can easily be removed and another put in through the front door of the furnace without taking thefurnace apart.
Above the sectional lining on each side of the furnace is formed a ledge, D, in the shell, which ledge connects the upper edge of the lining with the shell, and thus forms an airchamber, E, on each side of the furnace. Into these chambers air is admitted at the bottom from the ash-pit below the grate, which air keeps the linings comparatively cool, and the air becoming heated in said chambers escapes single rod, h.
through perforations a on along the upper edges of the linings into the fire-box to aid combustion.
From the ledge D, on each side of the furnace, a series of pipes, b 11, lead outward and downward'at an angle of about forty-five degrees into a horizontal radiator-flue, F, at the side of the furnace. This fine F has a connection, d, near its rear end with a similar flue,
F this connects near the frontend with another flue F and so on an number of horizontal radiating-fines may be used on each side of the furnace, with connections at alternate ends, until finally the two systems connect by downwardly-inclined pipes d with a central flue, F 011 top of the furnace at or near the front end. The rear end of this flue F has an elbow, G, to form connection with the chimney or other outlet for the products of combustion, which pass first through thetwo systemsof flues It will be noticed that in each system of radiator flue's. as described, there are two placesone at the bottom and one at the top-where the draft is downward. This materially retards the passage of the products of combustion, so that the greatest possible percentage 'of heat will be utilized in heating the different flues before the said products escape through the chimney. I
The top or center flue,F has also connections, e e, for carrying the products of combustion directly from the furnace to said flue. In these connecting-pipes e are dampers f, which are operated from the front of the furnace by a When these dampers are open the products ofv combustion will pass directly from the furnace to the flue F 5 but when the dampers are closed the products of combus' tion must pass through the short pipes b on both sides, and through the two systems ofra- 9o diating-flues to the central flue, F and from this to the chimney. I y
- Attached to or near the under side of the top of the furnace A are two longitudinal pipes, G G, arranged one near each side. These 5 pipes are perforated ontheir-under sides, as shown at 'i z, and their front ends connect with pipes H H, so that cold air will pass into said pipes G, and through the perforations i into the furnace on top of the fire for the purpose of completing the combustion.
One end of each radiator-flue is made to project through the brick wall which incloses the furnace, and this end of each flue is provided with a cap, I, thereby making; it a very easy matter to clean them often, so as to radiate the heat better.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a hot-air furnace, the vertically-divided sectional lining 0, having the sections provided with openings to near the top, and constructed to overlap each other, in combination with the furnace-shell A, formed with a ledge, D, on each side, and forming air-chambers E, substantially as and for the purposes herein set forth.
2. In a hot-air furnace, the combination of a fire-box provided with aledge, D, on each side,
as described, two systems of radiating-fines connected with the fire-box by downwardlyinclined pipes b, and a central radiating-flue connected with the top flue of each system by a downwardly-inclined pipe, d, substantially as and for the purposes herein set forth.
3. As an entirety, a hot-air furnace com-
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US224488A true US224488A (en)||1880-02-10|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US224488D Expired - Lifetime US224488A (en)||Half of his right to l|
Country Status (1)
|US (1)||US224488A (en)|
- US US224488D patent/US224488A/en not_active Expired - Lifetime
|US224488A (en)||Half of his right to l|
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