US2131251A - Window structure - Google Patents

Window structure Download PDF

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Publication number
US2131251A
US2131251A US142049A US14204937A US2131251A US 2131251 A US2131251 A US 2131251A US 142049 A US142049 A US 142049A US 14204937 A US14204937 A US 14204937A US 2131251 A US2131251 A US 2131251A
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United States
Prior art keywords
shaft
sash
stile
sill
sashes
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Expired - Lifetime
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US142049A
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Tito A Ferri
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B L RIESNER
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B L RIESNER
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Priority to US142049A priority Critical patent/US2131251A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F17/00Special devices for shifting a plurality of wings operated simultaneously
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/148Windows

Description

Sept. 27, 1938. .T. A. FERRI 2,131,251
W'INDOW STRUCTURE Filed-May 11 19:57 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Sept. 27, 1938; T, A, FERR 2,131,251
WINDOW STRUCTURE Filed May 11, 1937- 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 24 14g 15 I W Patented Sept. 27, 1938 UNITED STATES WINDOW STRUCTURE Tito A, Ferri, Miami, Fla,
to B. L. Riesner,
assignor of one-half Miami, Fla.
Application May 11, 1937, Serial No. 142,049
3 Claims.
This invention relates to window structures and has relation 'more particularly to a structure of this kind comprising a frame having associated therewith outwardly and upwardly swinging sashes together with an operating mechanism for the sashes, said frame, sashes and operating mechanism being assembled as a unit.
It is a particular object of the invention to provide means for adjusting the sashes into open or closed position or points intermediate thereof through the instrumentality of an actuator posi-' tioned at the room side of the structure.
The invention consists in the'details of construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts of my improved win- 'dow structure whereby certain important advantages are attained and the device rendered simpler, less expensive and otherwise more con-- use, as will be here- Figure 2 is a sectional view taken substantially.
on the line 2-2 of Figure 1;
view taken substantial ure 1;
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken substantially on the line 4-4 of Figure 1;
Figure 5 is'a detailed fragmentary sectional view taken substantially on the line 5-5 of Figure 4.
As illustrated in the accompanying. drawings, a building wall W is provided therethrough with a window opening I of desired dimensions and in which my improved window structure is adapted to be inserted as a unit and thereby avoiding the necessity of providing a window structure that has to be built upon the job.
My improved structure, as herein set forth, comprises a frame F of desired dimensions for y on the line 3 a of Figplacement within the opening I and which frame comprises the side members or stiles 2, the upper cross or crown piece 3, and the bottom or sill member 4. The stiles or side members 2 are U- shaped in cross section with the flanges thereof outwardly disposed, the flange a at the room side of the frame being readily removable to permit access within the stile or side-member as desired.
The sill 4 is also of .a box structure and has its wall b at the-room side allow for desired access within the sill.
The frame F is divided by the muilions 5 into desired sight openings which have associated therewith the sashes S whichare mounted in a manner to swing outwardly and upwardly when adjusted-into open position.
When the sashes S are fully closed it is to be noted in Figure 4 that the bottom member 6 of the upper sash S is so constructed and arranged as to partially overlie the upper member 1 of the sash S immediately therebelow whereby a watertight closure is assured when the sashes S are fully closed.
Coacting with the hinged mounting 8 of the upper sash is a shield 9 suitably secured to the upper or crown member 3, said shield 9 being so constructed and arranged to substantially eliminate the passage of moisture through the hinged portion 8 when the sashes S are closed. Each of the sashes S has a side member In including a flange I I which, when the sash S is closed, overlies and contacts with the outer face of a stile of side member 2. The flange H preferably adiacent the upper or hinged portion of the sash, carries an inwardly disposed bracket arm l2. The arms I2 of adjacent sashes S are connected by a y Tigidiink I4 pivotally connected, as at I5, with Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional the outer end portions of the arms l2 whereby the sashes S will be caused to move in unison and in the same direction.
These arms l2 extend within a side member or stile '2 through the suitably positioned openings l6 provided in the stile 2 and the link I 4 is also housed within the stile The lowermost arm l2 also has hingedly engaged therewith an end portion of a second link I! which extends downwardly and has its lower extremity hingedly connected, as at l8, with a rock arm l9 fixed to a shaft 20. This shaft 20 extends lengthwise of the bottom member or sill 4 and is housed therein. This shaft 20, at 2|, is rotatably disposed through and supported by the also readily removable to lower portions of the side members or stiles 2 member or sill I. The
portion 22' of the shaft 22 within the bottom member or sill 4 is threaded and engaged with said portion 22' is a nut 24 which moves lengthwise of the portion 22' in a direction dependent upon the direction of rotation of the shaft 22. This nut 24 carries the oppositely directed pins 26 each of which is disposed through a slot 21 provided in the rock arm 28 fixed to the shaft 2II.
The arms 28 are in parallelism and as the nut 24 is caused to travel in one direction along the portion 22 of the shaft 22, the sashes S will be caused to swing outwardly as desired and, of course, upon movement of the nut 24 in the opposite direction the sashes S will be returned to closed position.
The shaft 22 may be rotated in any manner preferred but, as herein disclosed, the extended portion 22' of the shaft at the room side of the structure carries an actuator 29 in the form of a crank.
It is to be stated that my invention as hereinbefore disclosed is one which will allow for the Opening of approximately ninety percent of the window opening for the passage of air into the room, and it is to be further noted that the air can come in through the opening irrespective of the direction in which the wind may be blowing. Also when a window sash or sashes may be in open position the air is deflected upward toward the ceiling of the room so as to carry off hot air from the upper portion of the room faster than with ordinary ventilation. When the window sash or sashes are in open position they also serve to a considerable extent to exclude rain or snow from entering through the window open ing but at the same time will allow air to enter sufiicient for ventilation.
From the foregoing description it is thought to be obvious that a window structure constructed in accordance with my invention is particularly well adapted for use by reason of the convenience and facility with which it may be assembled and operated, and it will also be obvious that my invention is susceptible of some change and modification without departing from the principles and spirit thereof and for this reason I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the precise arrangement and formation of the several parts herein shown in carrying out my invention in practice except as hereinafter claimed.
I claim:--
1. A casement window comprising a skeleton frame including a box sill and a hollow stile, an out-swinging sash on the frame having a part overlying the hollow stile when the said sash is closed, the outer wall of the stile having an opening, an inwardly directed bracket carried by the part that overlies the stile, said bracket extending within said stile through the opening, a rock shaft within the box sill, an operative connection between the rock shaft and the bracket for swinging the sash outwardly upon movement of the rock shaft in one direction and closing the sash upon movement of the rock shaft in another direction, a second shaft extending within the box sill and having means for rotating the same positioned exteriorly of the sill, a nut threaded upon the portion of the second shaft within the box sill, and an operative connection between the nut and the rock shaft for rocking said rock shaft upon movement of the nut lengthwise of the second shaft in a direction to either open or close the sash.
2. A casement window comprising a skeleton frame including a box sill and a hollow stile, an out-swinging sash on the frame having a part overlying the hollow stile when the said sash is closed, the outer wall of the stile having an opening, an inwardly directed bracket carried by the part that overlies the stile, said bracket extending within said stile through the opening, a rock shaft within the box sill, an operative connection between the rock shaft and the bracket for swinging the sash outwardly upon movement of the rock shaft in one direction and closing the sash upon movement of the rock shaft in another direction, a second shaft extending within the box sill and having means for rotating the same positioned exteriorly of the sill, a nut threaded upon the portion of the second shaft within the box sill, a slotted member fixed to said rock shaft and a member carried by said nut engaging in the slot of said slotted member whereby to rock said rock shaft upon longitudinal movement of said nut on said second shaft.
3. A casement window comprising a skeleton frame including a box sill and a hollow stile, an out-swinging sash on the frame having a part overlying the hollow stile when the said sash is closed, the outer wall of the stile having an opening, an inwardly directed bracket carried by the part that overlies the stile, said bracket extending within said stile through the opening, a rock shaft within the box sill, an operative connection between the rock shaft and the bracket for swinging the sash outwardly upon movement of the rock shaft in one direction and closing the sash upon movement of the rock shaft in another direction, a second shaft extending within the box sill and having means for rotating the same positioned exteriorly of the sill, a nut threaded upon the portion of the second shaft within the box sill, a pair of slotted arms fixed to said rock shaft on opposite sides of said nut, and a pair of pins fixed to said nut engaging in the slots of said arms to rock said rock shaft upon longitudinal movement of said nut on said second shaft.
TITO A. FERRI.
US142049A 1937-05-11 1937-05-11 Window structure Expired - Lifetime US2131251A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2528953A (en) * 1949-03-22 1950-11-07 Gzupkaytii Matt Window operator construction
US2551590A (en) * 1946-06-05 1951-05-08 Charles I Girschowitch Window structure
US2559442A (en) * 1946-12-23 1951-07-03 Joseph R Klein Louvered window
US2599032A (en) * 1948-04-15 1952-06-03 Harry W Levy Window operator
US2613405A (en) * 1948-08-24 1952-10-14 Tomlinson I Moseley Jalousie
US2619026A (en) * 1951-05-23 1952-11-25 Scott Donald Collapsible stand for barbecue or shishkabob spit and grille
US2622672A (en) * 1945-12-05 1952-12-23 Gate City Sash And Door Compan Awning type window
US2742676A (en) * 1951-12-03 1956-04-24 Joseph J Klee Window construction
US2800322A (en) * 1953-09-11 1957-07-23 Michael J Tracy Window operating mechanisms

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2622672A (en) * 1945-12-05 1952-12-23 Gate City Sash And Door Compan Awning type window
US2551590A (en) * 1946-06-05 1951-05-08 Charles I Girschowitch Window structure
US2559442A (en) * 1946-12-23 1951-07-03 Joseph R Klein Louvered window
US2599032A (en) * 1948-04-15 1952-06-03 Harry W Levy Window operator
US2613405A (en) * 1948-08-24 1952-10-14 Tomlinson I Moseley Jalousie
US2528953A (en) * 1949-03-22 1950-11-07 Gzupkaytii Matt Window operator construction
US2619026A (en) * 1951-05-23 1952-11-25 Scott Donald Collapsible stand for barbecue or shishkabob spit and grille
US2742676A (en) * 1951-12-03 1956-04-24 Joseph J Klee Window construction
US2800322A (en) * 1953-09-11 1957-07-23 Michael J Tracy Window operating mechanisms

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