US1584475A - Window - Google Patents

Window Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1584475A
US1584475A US745330A US74533024A US1584475A US 1584475 A US1584475 A US 1584475A US 745330 A US745330 A US 745330A US 74533024 A US74533024 A US 74533024A US 1584475 A US1584475 A US 1584475A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
sash
window
frame
margin
casing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US745330A
Inventor
Rumpler Andrew
Original Assignee
Rumpler Andrew
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Rumpler Andrew filed Critical Rumpler Andrew
Priority to US745330A priority Critical patent/US1584475A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1584475A publication Critical patent/US1584475A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B1/00Border constructions of openings in walls, floors, or ceilings; Frames to be rigidly mounted in such openings
    • E06B1/04Frames for doors, windows, or the like to be fixed in openings
    • E06B1/36Frames uniquely adapted for windows
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B1/00Border constructions of openings in walls, floors, or ceilings; Frames to be rigidly mounted in such openings
    • E06B1/04Frames for doors, windows, or the like to be fixed in openings
    • E06B1/36Frames uniquely adapted for windows
    • E06B1/366Mullions or transoms therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/26Compound frames, i.e. one frame within or behind another
    • E06B3/2605Compound frames, i.e. one frame within or behind another with frames permanently mounted behind or within each other, each provided with a pane or screen
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/26Compound frames, i.e. one frame within or behind another
    • E06B3/2605Compound frames, i.e. one frame within or behind another with frames permanently mounted behind or within each other, each provided with a pane or screen
    • E06B2003/261Frames made of wood

Description

Maly 11 1926.
A. RuMPLl-:R
wINDow Filed oct. 23, 1924 2 sh@ets-Sheen@ 1 INVEN TOR.
ATTORNEYS( vMay 11 1926.
A. RUMPLER wINDw Filed oct. 2s, 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 l my 3 v ,2 INI/ENTOR.
` ATTORNEYS j mensa May 11,1926.
nmmnw RUMPLEB, or Gunnar, WISCONSIN.
wmnow.
application mea october 2s, 1924. serial No. 745,336.
My invention relates to improvements in windows.
' In a companion application bearing even date herewith, I have shown and described a i building Wall peculiarly adapted for heat insulation in the construction of inexpensive',
dwellings and other buildings, vthe body of the wall being composed -of va block of earth .having a clay vor fibrous binder and kept .10 vdry by .inner and outer facing walls.
The object of my invention-is to provide a window'structure especially adapted for use in buildings having walls of the type described lin saldcom anion application, although also adapted or use in any building. More particularly stated, it is an object of `my invention to provide a duplex window structure having outer windows hinged to` the window frame or casing, and inner win- 'dows which can be removed from the inside and window screens substituted.,
A further object of my invention to provide a Ventilating window in which ade'- quate ventilation may be secured without opening the main sash and in which the several windows of` a set will be formed for mutual weatherproof engagement, and will be so constructed that even when the special Ventilating window -is open no ordinary storms will result in the entry of rain or snow through the Ventilating ,window or .through the remaining windows of the* group.
In the drawings: Figure 1 is a perspective view of a window tion. e v Figure 2 is a sectional 2-2 of Figure 1. Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view drawn in line 3--3 of Figure 1.
Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 3,`
illustrating an embodiment of this invention slightly modified fromthe Figure 3 disclosure. v
Q Fig. 5- is@ emerged. detailwiew lillus? trating a .further modification and taken on substantially the section of Figure 4."`
Like parts are identified by the same reference characters throughout the several viewsfvr A Referring to Fi re 2, the studs 1 and 2 of the building wa 1 support inner and outer facings 3 'and 4, res ectively. Between the .studs and between t ese facings .there is a solid wall 5 separated fromthestuds and and window frame embodying my' invenn,
view drawn in line I' vfacngs by air spaces 6, as fully set forth and described in said companion application.
The window casing members 7 are `applied directly to the studs 1 and 2, and the casing boards 8 are applied to the inner and outer-.f
surfaces of the walls with their margins overlappin g the casing members 7 The Window openings formed by the casing members -7 are sub-divided by a cross piece 10 preferably located about two-thirds of the dis tance from the bottom to the top kof the casing, leaving a major window opening to be normally closed by the window sash 11 andinsertable from the interior against suitable stops 12 aiixed to the window frame 14. The upper opening may be similarly closed by a sash 15 fitted to stops 16 secured to the upper window frame 17.. Normally, however, a screen 18 will be secured to the sash .15 instead of glass. i
An outer window sash 19 is hinged along its upper margin to the window `frame or casing and adapted 'to be swung upwardly to the position in which it is shown in Figure 1 when Weather conditionstpermit, whereby ventilation is permitted through the screen 18. This sash 19 may be supported in the raised position by ordinary folding braces or brace hooks 20., This sashl 19 when closed preferably abuts the outer margins .0f the,
margins 22 hinged at y23 to the respective by a pair of outer sashes 21, having side.
sides of the windowcasing, whereby these A sashes may be swun vertical axes of the hinge pintles and held by braces 24. When closed, the swinging side margins of these sashes are brought into abutting contact. Each ef these sashes preferably carries a single glass panel 25 and forms an'outer or storm window. The
sashes 21 preferably close againstthe outer marginsof the window frame members 14 and are, of course, spaced from the innersash;l The inner sash 11, and also the upper sash 15, may be secured in position by any suitable fastenings 26 which may be quickly fadjusted to position of release to `allow the removal of the associated inner sash. The fastenings e '26 preferably comprise springactuated locking. bolts of ordinary type which pass through Vapertures in the sash an'denter sockets in the window frame. When these locking bolts are. retracted and the inner sash removed, the outer sash may laterally about theV y placed. The quick detachable characteristic n the sash and the member to which it isV pivoted.
of the inner sashes 11 and 15, and the fact that these sashes may be removed` and replaced from the interior, facilitates the substitution of sash provided with wire screens for sash provided with glass whenever such,
substitu-tion is desired. When screen saslies are employed it, is not necessary to replace themwith glass in case. of a storm-since the outer sashes 19 and 21 may be quickly closed. The lower screen sash will, however, be replaced with glass-carrying sash during cold weather, and in extremely cold weather the upper sash 15 may also be replaced willi sash provided with a glass panel, if desired.
In the Figure 4 construction the ventilating sash 19 is set insidethe frame member 28` and the frainemember is finished at its lower margin 29 at a 45 angle, whereby to limit the outward and upward swinging movement of the sash- The arrangement is such that whether the sash is open or closed` water striking the frame member 28 will be directed outwardly of the sash and willv not lind access through the crack between ln th-is preferred construction the lower rail -30 of the Ventilating sash 19 is preferably beveled as indicated, and the upper margins 31 of sash 21 are likewise .formed with a bevel complementary to the bevel of sash rail 30. rlhus, when the sashes 21 are closed, sashes 19 may be closed above them to interact with each to produce a storinpioof joint. If desired, the beveled rail 3l of sash 21 may include a portion at substantially 45 degrees to mate with rail 3Q of sash 19, and may also include a portion at an angle of substantially 30 degrees, ass
indicated in Figure 5. 'This permits the.l
use of a strip of iashing 32 seating on frame` member 10 andprovided with a projecting portion 33 so positioned as to permit sash 21 to be opened and nevertheless to direct water outwardlyox-er said sash sothat no leakage will occur even when the ventilating sash 19 is elevated to the position in which it appears in Figure 4.. When sash 19 is so elevated, rain may conceivably drive about the lower margin or margins of said sash and may reach frame member 10. Tn such an event, however, the flashing 32 will receive` the water' and will ensure that it does not seep past the upper margins of sash rail 31 toward the interior of the building.
By way of further ensuring a stormproof construction I prefer to construct frame member 35 integrally with a' shoulder at 36,
.no moisture can drive past the lower margin of said sash beneath frame member 14 of the frame 14.
I claim:
1. The combination with a. window casing, ot a window frame within said casing and intermediate the margins thereof, a window Vsash filling said frame and removably insertable from the interior of said casing, and an outer window sash hinged tothe outer margin of said casing and fiush therewith when in closed position, said frame having its outer margins in abutting relation to said outersash when said outer sushis in closed relation.
2. The combination with a windowframe and casing, of a division member extending acros the window frame above thehorizontal center line thereof, window sashes removably insertable from the interior and adapted to ll said window frame above and below said division member, an outer window sash hinged to the upper margin of said window casingfor swinging movement into abutting contact with the exterior mar# gin of said window frame to close said frame above said division member, whereby it may be swung outwardly and upwardly from closed position, and a pair of outer window .sashes in hinged connectionwith the side margins of the frame for swinging movement into abutting contact with the exterior margin of said window frame to close said frame below said division member.
3. In combination with a window easing, a window frame fitted within said casing intermediate the maroins thereof and subdivided into upperand lower window openings by a'hrizontal cross piece, window and screen sashesgremovably fitted within their sas hinged at the top of said win ow casing for closing said upper opening and to swing in a vertical plane, and lower outer sashes respective window openings, an u per outer each hinged at a corresponding side of said window casing for closing said lower window opening and adapted to swing laterally in a horizontal plane.
4. The combination with a window frame having a horizontal cross member provided with an outwardly projecting/margin having a downwardly and outwardly inclined face, of a lower outer sash provided with an upper margin inclined downwardly and outwardly from a line rearwardly beneath said projecting margin, and an upper outer sash provided with a lower margin' inclined downwardly and outwardly and complementary to said inclined faceand a. portion of the inclined margin of said lower sash. 5. 'In a device of the character described, the combination with a Ventilating sash pivoted for swinging movement on a horizontal axis,'of a. framemember overhanging the pivoted margin of said sash, and having its lower margin surfaced at an angle less than,
90o fronrtlie vertical, whereby to provide a stop for the .swinging outward movement of the sash and to deflect rain in any position of said sash.
6. In a device of the character described,
the combination with -a building wall and a window frame therein, of sash normally disposed in` said frame intermediate .the thickness of said wall, and secondary sash' pivoted tosaid frame and disposed substan-j tially in the plane of said wall, one of said secondary sash being pivoted at its upper margin to the top of said frame and others of said sash being'pivoted at their respective; outer vertical margins to s'aid frame, and
the lower margin of said first mentioned sash. and the `upper margins of ysaid last mentioned sash being angularly `formed for mutual abutment in a downwardly and out- 4wardly inclined plane.
7. In a device of the character described, the combination with a building wall and a window frame therein, `ofna plurality of sashV in'superposed relation inA- said frame and in substantially the plane of the outside of said wall, said frame and sash being formed to provide a series of water-.shedding joints throughout their vertical extent. L A,
8. In a device of the character described, the -combination with a window frame hav-l ing an overhanging memberA with a bevdiately beneath the first mentioned sash, said first mentioned sash being adapted lwhen closed to overlap the second mentioned sash.
9. In a device of the character described,
movement in a horizontal plane and immediately beneath the first mentioned sash, said first mentioned sash being adapted when yclosed to overlap the second mentioned sash, the lower margin of said first mentioned 'sash and the upper vmargin of said last mentioned sash being beveled to provide complementary angles, whereby said first mentioned sash will overlap said :secondl sashwhile flush therewith.
10. In a device ofthe character described, the combinationl with an upwardly-swinging sash and a laterally swinging sash, the' former being provided with alower marginal portion beveledin a downwardly and outwardly inclined plane,` and the laterally swinging sash having its uppenmargin finished to provide a beveled portion comple- "ientaryl to the beveled margin of the first mentioned sash and lhaving anV inner marginal portion at less of an langle from the horiz'ontal, together with a frame member form-y ing an abutment for said laterally swingingI sash and provided with flashing overhanging said last mentioned marginal- ,portion thereof Substantially as disclosed herein.
' l ANDREW RUMPLER.
US745330A 1924-10-23 1924-10-23 Window Expired - Lifetime US1584475A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US745330A US1584475A (en) 1924-10-23 1924-10-23 Window

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US745330A US1584475A (en) 1924-10-23 1924-10-23 Window

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1584475A true US1584475A (en) 1926-05-11

Family

ID=24996244

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US745330A Expired - Lifetime US1584475A (en) 1924-10-23 1924-10-23 Window

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1584475A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4572266A (en) * 1981-03-02 1986-02-25 Frank S. Beckerer, Jr. Boat window
US4648435A (en) * 1983-07-20 1987-03-10 Frank S. Beckerer, Jr. Boat window
US20150075109A1 (en) * 2012-04-20 2015-03-19 Louis BERGEVIN Decorative foldable frame, decorative foldable frame assembly and decorative foldable member
US20190345757A1 (en) * 2015-06-24 2019-11-14 Milgard Manufacturing Incorporated Fenestration assembly

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4572266A (en) * 1981-03-02 1986-02-25 Frank S. Beckerer, Jr. Boat window
US4648435A (en) * 1983-07-20 1987-03-10 Frank S. Beckerer, Jr. Boat window
US20150075109A1 (en) * 2012-04-20 2015-03-19 Louis BERGEVIN Decorative foldable frame, decorative foldable frame assembly and decorative foldable member
US20190345757A1 (en) * 2015-06-24 2019-11-14 Milgard Manufacturing Incorporated Fenestration assembly
US10774581B2 (en) * 2015-06-24 2020-09-15 Milgard Manufacturing Llc Fenestration assembly

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3090613A (en) Window structure
US2144782A (en) Window structure
US1925817A (en) Window construction
US2355803A (en) Window unit
US2622672A (en) Awning type window
US1584475A (en) Window
US1207885A (en) Door.
US2604156A (en) Door and screen assembly
US2612662A (en) Window structure
US1796242A (en) Casement window
US2234712A (en) Awning shutter
US2878667A (en) Concrete window frame and jalousie assembly
US2045367A (en) Fireproof door
US1412109A (en) Hinge
US1136784A (en) Ventilating window or door.
US1963839A (en) Window structure
US3442049A (en) Hinged double-hung windows
US2121805A (en) Window including inwardly swinging sash
US1668701A (en) Storm window
US2324447A (en) Window construction
US1124671A (en) Window.
US1821449A (en) Casement window
US2884051A (en) Window unit
US1136785A (en) Sash-controlled ventilating window or door.
US1891073A (en) Automatic water shed for inside casements