US2124959A - Method of filling and closing cans - Google Patents

Method of filling and closing cans Download PDF

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Publication number
US2124959A
US2124959A US9489536A US2124959A US 2124959 A US2124959 A US 2124959A US 9489536 A US9489536 A US 9489536A US 2124959 A US2124959 A US 2124959A
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filling
top
air
method
bottom
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Vogel William Martin
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Vogel William Martin
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B31/00Packaging articles or materials under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions; Adding propellants to aerosol containers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S220/00Receptacles
    • Y10S220/906Beverage can, i.e. beer, soda

Description

July 26, 1938. V EL 2,124,959

METHOD OF FILLING AND CLOSING CANS Filed Aug. 8, 1936 I .2;" III I II IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIM vENTOR NEY Patented July 26, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE METHOD OF FILLING AND CLOSING CANS William Martin Vogel, Bloomfield, N. J. Application August 8, 1936, Serial No. 94,895

. 1 Claim.

This invention relates to cans and a method of making and filling the same, and has for its object the provision of means whereby a maximum quantity of air may be evacuated from the can prior to the sealing operation.

At the present time beer is being packed in cans and one of the greatest difiiculties encountered is that of completely or at least nearly completely evacuatingthe maximum quantity of air from the can. The failure to uniformly evacuate the air results in lack of uniformity of the contents of the can. In some cases an opened can produces beer of a decidedly fiat appearance and taste; while in other cases, an extremely frothy, aerated fiuid emanates. Experiments have shown that this lack of uniformity in canned beer is apparently due to the failure to eliminate or evacuate the greatest possible amount of air from the can during or after the filling operation, and prior to the sealing of the can.

The primary object therefore, of this invention, is to provide a can of such a construction, together with a method of filling and sealing such a can, which will eliminate the maximum quantity of air from the can, thereby completely, or nearly completely, filling the can with the liquid contents only. More particularly, the invention contemplates the provision of a can initially formed with an outwardly distended or dished bottom,

arranged to be reversely curved or distorted under pressure after the can is filled, thereby causing the liquid contents of the can to be bodilfy shifted toward the top of 'the can, causing said contents to displace and eject the air out of the can just prior to the sealing of the top of the can.

In the accompanying drawing, Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view of a can made in accordance with the invention, showing the same filled with beer or other liquid, and having the bottom attached and cover held in place preparatory to being sealed on the can; Fig. 2 is a similar view, showing the bottom of the can being reversely curved to force the contents of the can toward the top and eject the air from the can; and Fig. 3 shows the sealed can.

In the drawing, 5 indicates the body of a can of conventional character, such as is used for containing beer or other contents. It is provided with a bottom 6 secured in position by the conventional scam I. The bottom, which is of course applied to the can body prior to the filling operation, is initially shaped as shown in Fig. 1. That is to say, it is of concavo-convex form, with its convex side 8 facing outwardly or downwardly. The can is next filled with its liquid contents 9 and the cover I0 is placed in position on top of the can in readiness to be sealed thereon. The marginal edge portion of the cover is provided with the flange H, which, when the cover is sealed in place interengages with the upper flangedv edge l2 on the can in the conventional manner. The cover is formed with the central dished portion I3 which is concave-convex, with its convex side facing toward the inside of the can.

When the top is held on the upper edge of the can, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, it will be understood that the contacting surfaces of the upper edge of the can body and the flange l i of the top, do not provide an air-tight seal. Such air-tight seal is only attained when the top is seamed on.

With the parts of the can in the relationship shown in Fig. 1 and the cover held down on top of the can by any suitable clamping means, the bottom of the can is forced upwardly or reversed so that its normally convex side 8 is now rendered concave as shown at M in Fig. 2. The bottom is composed of sufliciently flexible metal to permit this reversal. Any suitable means may be utilized for reversing the bottom of the can, such as for example, a plunger l5 diagrammatically shown in Fig. 2.

When this reversal movement of the bottom of the can occurs, it will be obvious that this diminishes the containing capacity of the can and consequently the entire liquid contents of the can is bodily moved toward the top of the can, and any air located between the top of the liquid contents and the underside of the can top iii. as for example that located in the space l6, will be forced out between the top of the can and the cover ill. As soon as the bottom 6 is reversed or reshaped, as just described and the air thus evacuated, the cover is immediately sealed on by interlocking of the flanges II and I2 by conventional can sealing machinery.

The resultant filled can is shown in Fig. 3 and is one in which the greater quantity of air has been eliminated without requiring the use of a can of oversize appearance and without materially changing the conventional shape of cans of this character. Through the elimination of air as herein described, a uniform quality of contents of the cans is provided.

What I claim is:

In the method of filling a can, the steps of depositing the contents in the can, applying a pro-shaped dished top on the can with the convex side of said top directed inwardly or toward the inside of the can, mechanically forcing inwardly by external pressure an outwardly bulged bottom on the can without changing the direction of curvature of the dished top to cause the contents of the can to be moved bodily toward the top of the can and to cause said bottom only to assume a reverse curvature and become concaved while the cover maintains its pre-shaped dished condition and is in place on the can but unsealed thereon, and then sealing the can.

WILLIAM MARTIN VOGEL.

US2124959A 1936-08-08 1936-08-08 Method of filling and closing cans Expired - Lifetime US2124959A (en)

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Cited By (50)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2785986A (en) * 1954-07-06 1957-03-19 Julius A Pickens Canning method
US3048305A (en) * 1958-05-23 1962-08-07 S E B Establishment Method of packing products and container therefor
US3087824A (en) * 1958-10-31 1963-04-30 Interchem Corp Method of packaging beverages and containers therefor
US3521422A (en) * 1967-10-24 1970-07-21 Craft Master Corp Method for closing open-topped liquid containers
EP0059299A1 (en) * 1981-02-27 1982-09-08 Societe Des Produits Nestle S.A. A process for sealing a filled container, in particular a thermoplastic based food container
US4631899A (en) * 1983-09-20 1986-12-30 Hermann Kruger's EFTF. A/S Method of dispensing a metered quantity of snuff and of packaging the individual, metered quantities of snuff
US4684025A (en) * 1986-01-30 1987-08-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Shaped thermoformed flexible film container for granular products and method and apparatus for making the same
FR2600305A1 (en) * 1986-06-23 1987-12-24 Vulliez Patrick Method for obtaining of food products packed as sealed in containers installation for carrying out the method: in particular a container for the waterproof packing of foodstuffs
US4757912A (en) * 1984-06-08 1988-07-19 Thomassen & Drijver - Verblifa Method of making a filled container and product
US4836398A (en) * 1988-01-29 1989-06-06 Aluminum Company Of America Inwardly reformable endwall for a container
US4957753A (en) * 1986-12-10 1990-09-18 Tetley, Inc. Vacuum packed ground coffee package
EP0434764A1 (en) * 1988-09-14 1991-07-03 Kal Kan Foods Method of filling and sealing a deformable container.
US5090180A (en) * 1988-12-29 1992-02-25 A/S Haustrup Plastic Method and apparatus for producing sealed and filled containers
US5428943A (en) * 1988-09-14 1995-07-04 Kal Kan Foods, Inc. Method of filling and sealing a deformable container
US20060243698A1 (en) * 2000-08-31 2006-11-02 Co2 Pac Limited Semi-rigid collapsible container
US20080017640A1 (en) * 2006-07-20 2008-01-24 Crown Packaging Technology Inc. Can end having curved end panel surfaces
US20090092720A1 (en) * 2001-04-19 2009-04-09 Greg Trude Multi-Functional Base for a Plastic, Wide-Mouth, Blow-Molded Container
US20090120530A1 (en) * 2003-07-30 2009-05-14 Paul Kelley Container Handling System
US20100107568A1 (en) * 2007-04-11 2010-05-06 Toyo Seikan Kaisha Ltd. Method and apparatus for heat-sealing container
US20100116374A1 (en) * 2008-11-11 2010-05-13 Crown Packaging Technology, Inc. Method of assembling an easy open container
US20110113731A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2011-05-19 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Repositionable Base Structure for a Container
US20110186575A1 (en) * 2008-01-18 2011-08-04 Crown Packaging Technology, Inc. Can end
US8011166B2 (en) 2004-03-11 2011-09-06 Graham Packaging Company L.P. System for conveying odd-shaped containers
US8017065B2 (en) 2006-04-07 2011-09-13 Graham Packaging Company L.P. System and method for forming a container having a grip region
US8075833B2 (en) 2005-04-15 2011-12-13 Graham Packaging Company L.P. Method and apparatus for manufacturing blow molded containers
US20110308202A1 (en) * 2008-09-04 2011-12-22 Crown Packaging Technology, Inc. Can end
US8127955B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2012-03-06 John Denner Container structure for removal of vacuum pressure
US8152010B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2012-04-10 Co2 Pac Limited Container structure for removal of vacuum pressure
US20120180437A1 (en) * 2004-12-20 2012-07-19 David Murray Melrose Method of processing a container and base cup structure for removal of vacuum pressure
US8235704B2 (en) 2005-04-15 2012-08-07 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Method and apparatus for manufacturing blow molded containers
US20130043209A1 (en) * 2011-08-15 2013-02-21 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Plastic Containers Having Base Configurations with Particular Up-Stand Geometries, and Systems, Methods, and Base Molds Thereof
US8381940B2 (en) * 2002-09-30 2013-02-26 Co2 Pac Limited Pressure reinforced plastic container having a moveable pressure panel and related method of processing a plastic container
US8584879B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2013-11-19 Co2Pac Limited Plastic container having a deep-set invertible base and related methods
US8627944B2 (en) 2008-07-23 2014-01-14 Graham Packaging Company L.P. System, apparatus, and method for conveying a plurality of containers
US8636944B2 (en) 2008-12-08 2014-01-28 Graham Packaging Company L.P. Method of making plastic container having a deep-inset base
US20140069829A1 (en) * 2012-09-07 2014-03-13 Altria Client Services Inc. Collapsible Container
US8733576B2 (en) 2002-06-11 2014-05-27 Crown Packaging Technology, Inc. Easily openable can lid having a movable portion for pull tab access
US8747727B2 (en) 2006-04-07 2014-06-10 Graham Packaging Company L.P. Method of forming container
US8919587B2 (en) 2011-10-03 2014-12-30 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Plastic container with angular vacuum panel and method of same
US8962114B2 (en) 2010-10-30 2015-02-24 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Compression molded preform for forming invertible base hot-fill container, and systems and methods thereof
US9022776B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-05-05 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Deep grip mechanism within blow mold hanger and related methods and bottles
US9133006B2 (en) 2010-10-31 2015-09-15 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Systems, methods, and apparatuses for cooling hot-filled containers
US9387971B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2016-07-12 C02Pac Limited Plastic container having a deep-set invertible base and related methods
US20170113860A1 (en) * 2014-06-18 2017-04-27 Sidel Participations Container provided with an invertible diaphragm and a central portion of greater thickness
US9707711B2 (en) 2006-04-07 2017-07-18 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Container having outwardly blown, invertible deep-set grips
US20170369198A1 (en) * 2016-06-22 2017-12-28 Stupid Good Beverage Company, LLC Container with product removal mechanism
US9969517B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2018-05-15 Co2Pac Limited Systems and methods for handling plastic containers having a deep-set invertible base
US9994378B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2018-06-12 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Plastic containers, base configurations for plastic containers, and systems, methods, and base molds thereof
US9993959B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-06-12 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Deep grip mechanism for blow mold and related methods and bottles
US10035690B2 (en) 2011-07-15 2018-07-31 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Deformable container with hoop rings

Cited By (79)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2785986A (en) * 1954-07-06 1957-03-19 Julius A Pickens Canning method
US3048305A (en) * 1958-05-23 1962-08-07 S E B Establishment Method of packing products and container therefor
US3087824A (en) * 1958-10-31 1963-04-30 Interchem Corp Method of packaging beverages and containers therefor
US3521422A (en) * 1967-10-24 1970-07-21 Craft Master Corp Method for closing open-topped liquid containers
EP0059299A1 (en) * 1981-02-27 1982-09-08 Societe Des Produits Nestle S.A. A process for sealing a filled container, in particular a thermoplastic based food container
US4631899A (en) * 1983-09-20 1986-12-30 Hermann Kruger's EFTF. A/S Method of dispensing a metered quantity of snuff and of packaging the individual, metered quantities of snuff
US4757912A (en) * 1984-06-08 1988-07-19 Thomassen & Drijver - Verblifa Method of making a filled container and product
US4684025A (en) * 1986-01-30 1987-08-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Shaped thermoformed flexible film container for granular products and method and apparatus for making the same
FR2600305A1 (en) * 1986-06-23 1987-12-24 Vulliez Patrick Method for obtaining of food products packed as sealed in containers installation for carrying out the method: in particular a container for the waterproof packing of foodstuffs
US4957753A (en) * 1986-12-10 1990-09-18 Tetley, Inc. Vacuum packed ground coffee package
US4836398A (en) * 1988-01-29 1989-06-06 Aluminum Company Of America Inwardly reformable endwall for a container
EP0434764A1 (en) * 1988-09-14 1991-07-03 Kal Kan Foods Method of filling and sealing a deformable container.
EP0434764A4 (en) * 1988-09-14 1991-08-28 Kal Kan Foods, Inc. Method of filling and sealing a deformable container
US5428943A (en) * 1988-09-14 1995-07-04 Kal Kan Foods, Inc. Method of filling and sealing a deformable container
US5555705A (en) * 1988-09-14 1996-09-17 Kal Kan Foods, Inc. Method of filling and sealing a deformable container
US5090180A (en) * 1988-12-29 1992-02-25 A/S Haustrup Plastic Method and apparatus for producing sealed and filled containers
US8127955B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2012-03-06 John Denner Container structure for removal of vacuum pressure
US9688427B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2017-06-27 Co2 Pac Limited Method of hot-filling a plastic container having vertically folding vacuum panels
US20060243698A1 (en) * 2000-08-31 2006-11-02 Co2 Pac Limited Semi-rigid collapsible container
US8584879B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2013-11-19 Co2Pac Limited Plastic container having a deep-set invertible base and related methods
US9387971B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2016-07-12 C02Pac Limited Plastic container having a deep-set invertible base and related methods
US9145223B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2015-09-29 Co2 Pac Limited Container structure for removal of vacuum pressure
US7717282B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2010-05-18 Co2 Pac Limited Semi-rigid collapsible container
US8047389B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2011-11-01 Co2 Pac Limited Semi-rigid collapsible container
US9522749B2 (en) 2001-04-19 2016-12-20 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Method of processing a plastic container including a multi-functional base
US8529975B2 (en) 2001-04-19 2013-09-10 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Multi-functional base for a plastic, wide-mouth, blow-molded container
US20090092720A1 (en) * 2001-04-19 2009-04-09 Greg Trude Multi-Functional Base for a Plastic, Wide-Mouth, Blow-Molded Container
US8839972B2 (en) 2001-04-19 2014-09-23 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Multi-functional base for a plastic, wide-mouth, blow-molded container
US8381496B2 (en) 2001-04-19 2013-02-26 Graham Packaging Company Lp Method of hot-filling a plastic, wide-mouth, blow-molded container having a multi-functional base
US8733576B2 (en) 2002-06-11 2014-05-27 Crown Packaging Technology, Inc. Easily openable can lid having a movable portion for pull tab access
US9969517B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2018-05-15 Co2Pac Limited Systems and methods for handling plastic containers having a deep-set invertible base
US8152010B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2012-04-10 Co2 Pac Limited Container structure for removal of vacuum pressure
US8720163B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-05-13 Co2 Pac Limited System for processing a pressure reinforced plastic container
US9802730B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2017-10-31 Co2 Pac Limited Methods of compensating for vacuum pressure changes within a plastic container
US9624018B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2017-04-18 Co2 Pac Limited Container structure for removal of vacuum pressure
US9878816B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2018-01-30 Co2 Pac Ltd Systems for compensating for vacuum pressure changes within a plastic container
US8381940B2 (en) * 2002-09-30 2013-02-26 Co2 Pac Limited Pressure reinforced plastic container having a moveable pressure panel and related method of processing a plastic container
US9211968B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2015-12-15 Co2 Pac Limited Container structure for removal of vacuum pressure
US8671653B2 (en) 2003-07-30 2014-03-18 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Container handling system
US9090363B2 (en) 2003-07-30 2015-07-28 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Container handling system
US20090120530A1 (en) * 2003-07-30 2009-05-14 Paul Kelley Container Handling System
US8011166B2 (en) 2004-03-11 2011-09-06 Graham Packaging Company L.P. System for conveying odd-shaped containers
US20120180437A1 (en) * 2004-12-20 2012-07-19 David Murray Melrose Method of processing a container and base cup structure for removal of vacuum pressure
US9193496B2 (en) * 2004-12-20 2015-11-24 Co2Pac Limited Method of processing a container and base cup structure for removal of vacuum pressure
US8235704B2 (en) 2005-04-15 2012-08-07 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Method and apparatus for manufacturing blow molded containers
US8075833B2 (en) 2005-04-15 2011-12-13 Graham Packaging Company L.P. Method and apparatus for manufacturing blow molded containers
US8726616B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2014-05-20 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. System and method for handling a container with a vacuum panel in the container body
US9764873B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2017-09-19 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Repositionable base structure for a container
US20110113731A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2011-05-19 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Repositionable Base Structure for a Container
US8162655B2 (en) 2006-04-07 2012-04-24 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. System and method for forming a container having a grip region
US8747727B2 (en) 2006-04-07 2014-06-10 Graham Packaging Company L.P. Method of forming container
US9707711B2 (en) 2006-04-07 2017-07-18 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Container having outwardly blown, invertible deep-set grips
US8017065B2 (en) 2006-04-07 2011-09-13 Graham Packaging Company L.P. System and method for forming a container having a grip region
US8323555B2 (en) 2006-04-07 2012-12-04 Graham Packaging Company L.P. System and method for forming a container having a grip region
US20080017640A1 (en) * 2006-07-20 2008-01-24 Crown Packaging Technology Inc. Can end having curved end panel surfaces
US8191726B2 (en) * 2006-07-20 2012-06-05 Crown Packaging Technology, Inc. Can end having curved end panel surfaces
US20100107568A1 (en) * 2007-04-11 2010-05-06 Toyo Seikan Kaisha Ltd. Method and apparatus for heat-sealing container
US20110186575A1 (en) * 2008-01-18 2011-08-04 Crown Packaging Technology, Inc. Can end
US9199763B2 (en) 2008-01-18 2015-12-01 Crown Packaging Technology, Inc. Can end
US8627944B2 (en) 2008-07-23 2014-01-14 Graham Packaging Company L.P. System, apparatus, and method for conveying a plurality of containers
US9016034B2 (en) * 2008-09-04 2015-04-28 Crown Packaging Technology, Inc. Easily openable can end, container, and methods of forming
US20110308202A1 (en) * 2008-09-04 2011-12-22 Crown Packaging Technology, Inc. Can end
US20100116374A1 (en) * 2008-11-11 2010-05-13 Crown Packaging Technology, Inc. Method of assembling an easy open container
US8636944B2 (en) 2008-12-08 2014-01-28 Graham Packaging Company L.P. Method of making plastic container having a deep-inset base
US8962114B2 (en) 2010-10-30 2015-02-24 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Compression molded preform for forming invertible base hot-fill container, and systems and methods thereof
US9133006B2 (en) 2010-10-31 2015-09-15 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Systems, methods, and apparatuses for cooling hot-filled containers
US10035690B2 (en) 2011-07-15 2018-07-31 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Deformable container with hoop rings
US9994378B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2018-06-12 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Plastic containers, base configurations for plastic containers, and systems, methods, and base molds thereof
US20130043209A1 (en) * 2011-08-15 2013-02-21 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Plastic Containers Having Base Configurations with Particular Up-Stand Geometries, and Systems, Methods, and Base Molds Thereof
US9150320B2 (en) * 2011-08-15 2015-10-06 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Plastic containers having base configurations with up-stand walls having a plurality of rings, and systems, methods, and base molds thereof
US8919587B2 (en) 2011-10-03 2014-12-30 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Plastic container with angular vacuum panel and method of same
US20140069829A1 (en) * 2012-09-07 2014-03-13 Altria Client Services Inc. Collapsible Container
US9497992B2 (en) * 2012-09-07 2016-11-22 Altria Client Services Llc Collapsible container
US9993959B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-06-12 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Deep grip mechanism for blow mold and related methods and bottles
US9346212B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-05-24 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Deep grip mechanism within blow mold hanger and related methods and bottles
US9022776B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-05-05 Graham Packaging Company, L.P. Deep grip mechanism within blow mold hanger and related methods and bottles
US9884714B2 (en) * 2014-06-18 2018-02-06 Sidel Participations Container provided with an invertible diaphragm and a central portion of greater thickness
US20170113860A1 (en) * 2014-06-18 2017-04-27 Sidel Participations Container provided with an invertible diaphragm and a central portion of greater thickness
US20170369198A1 (en) * 2016-06-22 2017-12-28 Stupid Good Beverage Company, LLC Container with product removal mechanism

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