US2122300A - Boat and similar vehicle - Google Patents

Boat and similar vehicle Download PDF

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US2122300A
US2122300A US89526A US8952636A US2122300A US 2122300 A US2122300 A US 2122300A US 89526 A US89526 A US 89526A US 8952636 A US8952636 A US 8952636A US 2122300 A US2122300 A US 2122300A
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frame
boat
plastic
contour
skeleton
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US89526A
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Jr Francis P Smith
Henry B Smith
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Jr Francis P Smith
Henry B Smith
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B5/00Hulls characterised by their construction of non-metallic material
    • B63B5/24Hulls characterised by their construction of non-metallic material made predominantly of plastics

Description

F. P. SMITH, JR., T AL `l'une 28, 1938.
(BOAT AND SIMILAR VEHICLE 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed-July 8 l INVENTORS FRANC/s z? M/fr, Ji?.
Hav/PY 6. S/V/rf/ ATTORNEY Patented .Sane 28, w3@
Francia P. Smith,
Aspartaam my a i I 2@ parlante.
This invention relates to boats, ships or similar articles of manufacture; and the object ci the invention is to construct the hull and other framework ofy a boat of an openwork or skeleton 5 frame upon which is arranged a plastic body, forming a solid unitary mass of the entire boat hull and frame construction and forming a smooth outer surface as "well as a smooth inner surface; a further object being to prom vide a boat of the class described, the skeleton frame of which may consist of a mesh body of metallic or fibrous material and which may also include a series of rods, tubes or the like composed of light metal or metal alloy; the parts 1s being preferably welded together and the mesh body being welded or otherwise secured to said rod or tube-like frame; a further object being to provide a frame in which openwork bodies of two different meshes are employed; a further object being to provide the hull or frame structure of-a boat of the mnd under consideration with brackets and other supporting members anchored to and constituting part oi the skeleton frame to provide means for supporting various xtures,
v iittlngs and equipment of a boat; and with these and other objects in view, the invention consists in an article or apparatus of manufacture of the class described, which is constructed in accordance with the method more fully hereinafter described and claimed.
The invention is fully disclosed in the followlng specication, of which the accompanying drawings form a part, in which the'separate parts of our improvement are designed by suitable reference characters in each of theviews, and in which:
Fig. l is a plan view of the skeleton frame of a boat.
Fig. 2 is a side view of a boat made according 40 to the invention diagrammatlcally illustrating the boat in its finished state.
Fig. 3 is a side view 'of the construction shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a cross section substantially on the line li-- of Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a part of the skeleton frame of a boat showing a mesh body arranged thereon.
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a modified form of rod or tubing which may be employed.
Fig. 7 is a partial transverse section through a boat, showing a, modcation.v f 4 Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 5, showing another modification.
" mn bn ninna nnnfjnh] VQW through a die or Ir., Mamaroneck, N. Y., and Henry B. dmith, Leesburg, N. J.
ssc. vsani no. eases (ci. 11e-c5) mold indicating one method of forming a boat according to the invention.
Fig. 10 is a. cross section through -a. modided form of wall structure which may be employed. In referring to boat throughout the speciilcation and claims, it is to be borne in mind that this term' is to be regarded as descriptive of any -kind or class of craft including ships, canoes. various kinds oi' sail boats and the like, regardless of the size and use thereof. At the same time, the invention is applicable to the construction of toy boats and ships, and in fact, to any other kind or class of 'articles of manufacture, such for example, as aeroplanes, especially wherein the type of construction forming the subject matter of this invention is applicable.
In its simplest form, the invention consists essentially in the use of a liquid, semi-liquid, or plastic substance incorporated with a suitable binder which may also act as a reinforcing agent in constructing the particular article or product desired. In referring to molding or plastic material, it is to be 'understood that these materials may have metallic bases or wood pulp, cellulose or fibrous bases. For the purpose of illustrating one method of carrying the invention into effect, we can use, for example: a product known as plastic wood which we preferably use in a semi-liquid form, by incorporating acetone extract therewith as a solvent, in the substantial proportions of one and one-half pints of the solvent to one pound of the plastic wood. However. in some cases, the material employed may be applied in a more plastic state or in a more iluid state, depending entirely upon the method employed in forming the ilnished product.
While in `some forms of the invention, a single mesh body of fibrous or metallic material may be employed as a binding and reinforcing agent through which the plastic compound penetrates to securely bind inner and outer surfaces of the resulting product, for the purpose of illustrating one use of the invention, in the construction of a boat, we have shown in the accompanying drawings a skeleton frame I0 consisting or a nurnber of longitudinally extending rods or tubes il which extend from a front vertically disposed rod l2 to a loop frame I3, at the rear of the boat,v the rods ilbeing fashioned or shaped to produce the desired cross sectional and longitudinal contour of the boat to be formed. These rods 'or tlkijbes are preferablyy welded together where they a ut.v 'i i The lower end of the rod I2 also preferably extends in what may be termed a keel rod |20., running centrally and longitudinally of the bottom of the hull of the butt, and to which a keel may be attached if the same is employed. To reinforce the rod I2a, a supplemental rod I2b is disposed directly thereabove and secured'thereto at intervals as seen at I4. The upper end of the rod I2 also extends backwardly over the bow of the boat asseen at I2c and forms part of theupper structure. This rod joins laterally and backwardly extending rods I5 which are secured to the top longitudinal rods IIa. At I6, we have shown top rods extending from the rods I5 to the loop I3, which also form part of the upper or deck structure. Another rod I'I which may, if desired, constitute an extension of the rod I2c has anlupwarclly inclined front part Ila and a rearwardly extending substantially horizontal part IIb, the latter forming the top center of thecabin portion of the boat.
Similar rods I8 are disposed at opposite sides of the rod I I and extend from the brace rods I5 to the rear loop I3. The front corner portions of the rods Il and I3 are joined and braced by 'other transverse rods I9 fashioned in the manner shown in Figs. 1 and 3 of the drawings. The hull and frame structure of the skeleton frame Il) is also reinforced by a number of transverse brace rods, any desired number of which may be employed between the bow and stern of the boat. In the construction shown, two of such brace rods are shown at 2i) and 2i. These rods may be formed in a single member, but are preferably formed of separate parts which abut the parts in conjunction with which `they are coupled so as to maintain the entire skeleton frame in one plane, or, in other words, to form one thickness ofthe skeleton frame throughout. The transverse frames 2B, ZI Vor the separate parts thereof are secured to all of the longitudinal parts and the end of the part I'Ib is secured to the transverse frame 2l. Additional braces or reinforcing members 22 are employed between the rods I5 and the transverse frame 2li.
At the stern of the boat, two transverse rods 23 are secured to a number of the longitudinal rods at the bottom of the boat, and upon the rods 23 are arranged hangers or supports 2d for a motor. At 25, we have indicated brackets which are welded or otherwise secured to the frames 20, 2i, to provide means for supporting various kinds and classes of equipment in the interior of the boat structure, the brackets being clearly shown in the cross section of the boat in Fig. 4.
In this connection, it will be 'understood that brackets or supporting members may be mounted and arranged at any part of the boat structure or the frame thereof to form supports for seats, bunks or other boat equipment. In the event of arranging such supports intermediate the transverse supports of the frame lil, the rods or frame parts to which they are attached may be suitably reinforced. The showing in the accompanying drawings is simplified for purpose of clarity and is only illustrative of the possible methods of constructing the boat. In the use of the term rods, it will be understood that reference is made to the binding or reinforcing frame regardless of the manner of its construction. v
Considering Fig. 5 of the drawings, it will be seen that the rods of the skeleton frame are composed of tubes of metal as indicated at 26; whereas, in Fig. 6 of the drawings, we have shown a part of a rod frame on an enlarged Scale,
which is in the form of what might be termed a corrugated tube 21. This cross sectional form is employed to give added strength to the frame in constructing the same from a light weight or thin metal, and furthermore, this tube may have perforations as indicated at 28, so that the plastic or other material may extend into the tube to establish a binding through the tube. This type of frame construction would be applicable to boats or ships of the larger construction.
InV Fig. 5 of the drawings, we have shown at 2Q a sheet of openwork fabric which may be secured to the inner or outer surface of the skeleton frame or the separate rods thereof. If this sheet is composed of wire mesh, the same may be welded or braced in position. In the construction shown in Figs. 2 and 4 of the drawings, the sheet 29 is shown arranged upon the outer surfaces of the skeleton frame I0. In some cases, we may arrange two openwork or mesh bodies or sheets one directly upon the other, and these sheets may have meshes of different sizes as well as being `composed of lighter. and heavier wires. On the other hand, a large mesh sheet 30 may be arranged on, for example, the outer surface of the skeleton frame I0, and a smaller mesh 3l on the inner surface thereof as seen in Fig. '7 of the drawings. The type of mesh fabric and the number of sheets of mesh fabric employed will depend entirely upon the strength of reinforcement desired or required in the construction of any particular type or kind of boat.
After the sheet or sheets of openwork fabric have been arranged upon the frame Ill, as in the construction shown, the body portionA of plastic or similar material 32 is then applied so as yto imbed the frame and said sheet or sheets as glass windows or panels 33 are fitted in the frame prior to the application of the plastic body 32 thereon. The windows or panels 33 are located between the frame parts I5, I'Ia, I 8 and I9 and are located Vat either side of the frame rod I'Ia as clearly indicated in Fig. 4 of the drawings.
In Fig. 4 of the drawings we have indicated at 34 an outer facing or coating which may represent one or more coats of paint, lacquer, and if desired, a suitable iller,v to give the nal nish to the hull and superstructure of the boat and to aid in rendering certain plastic compounds, waterproof to a greater degree, it being understood that in the construction of boats, it is preferred to use a plastic compound which is substantially waterproof. 'Ihe coating 34 may be of any number of colors to produce the desired appearance in the resulting boat structure. For example, the bottom of the boat may be painted green up to and including what might be termed the water line, the upper sides of the boat may be painted white, and theupper or superstruc- .ture may be of any desired color or of a clear or `supports may either be painted or plated in' or filler structure 32, 32a.,
monaco accordance with common practices in the construction of boats.
In Fig. 8 of the drawings we have shown a partial cross section of the hollow portion of a boat. In this figure we have indicated at 32a a body portion without any exterior coating as at 3d in Fig. 4 of the drawings. In this construction the compound employed in forming the body 32a may be of such characteristics as not to require any additional coating and may be of a solid and desired color throughout or a compound in which a color pigment has been introduced to produce this result. In the structure shown in Fig. 7, which illustrates the use of inner and outer mesh fabrics 3l and 3d, no coating is shown on the body 32h, but it will be understood that coatings may be employed on this body as in the construction shown and described in connection with Fig. 4 of the drawings. Fig. 'I is included merelyto illustrate one use of two mesh fabrics.
In constructing boats according to the invention, the material employed to form the body 32h, may be spread over the screen or mesh fabric employed by suitable instruments and smoothed down to the desired contour and thickness, or the same may be applied by a pressure lspray and the exposed surfaces later sanded to provide a smooth and definite contour and surface, after which the coatings may be applied if the same are to be used. However, in large productions of boats and in constructing them of material suitable for the purpose, dies or molds may be employed as diagrammatically illustrated in Fig. 9 of the drawings, in which we have shown at t5 an outer die part having an impression or moldcavity and a jacket 3l therein. l
At tt we have shown a hollow core having a chamber 39 therein, the core dening the inner contour of the hull and superstructure oi' the boat. These die or mold parts 35, 38 may be made in sections to facilitate handling and each section will have one or more injection .nozzles dt through which the molding or casting material or compound may be introduced into the impression di formed between the cavity 36 and the core 38. The frame it including its mesh fabric sheeting 29 is disposed within and suitably supported within the impression di prior to the introduction of casting or molding material into the dies through the nozzles 40. A suitable number of nozzles will be employed in the dies or mold sections to provide the proper distribution and ow of the casting or molding material therethrough.
In some uses of the invention steam or another heating agent may be introduced into and circulated through the jackets 3l, 39, to partially set the compounds introduced into the members di and prior to removing the nished casting from the dies in the separation thereof, whereas, in other types of casting materials, a. cooling agent may be introduced into and circulated through the jackets 31 and 39 to provide for a quick settingof heated casting compounds that may be employed. In most types of casting or molding compounds, the same will be introduced into the impression of the die or die parts under pressure.
In producing boats and other articles or apparatus in accordance with the method diagrammatically illustrated in Fig. 9 of the drawings, the exposed surfaces will be smooth and iinlshed and will not likely require sanding. In other words, these surfaces will be prepared for any coating material or materials that are applied thereto. whereas, if the desired -color is introduced into the compound itself, the article will be iinished in so far as the wall structure of the hull and upper or superstructure of the boat is molded. The usual finishing operations to complete the construction of the boat will be performed in the usual manner.
By constructing a boat in accordance with our invention, the materials or compounds selected in forming the body portion proper 32, 32a and 326 will be of a substantially iiexible structure,
that is to say, capable of taking a blow or strain without cracking or chipping, while at the same time, maintaining a relatively solid and rigid body portion. By forming this body portion of one homogeneous mass, the same will be leakprooi and will not be subjected to leakage in the conventional manner of constructing the hulls of boats and will not require the corking operations of boat hull structures, northe treatment required periodically to repair or otherwise condition aboat for use, especially when it has been in dry dock for some period of time. A boat ci the kind under consideration may be made lighter in its construction and by reason of the reinforcement employed will -be much stronger and at the same time more economical in construction. In other words, our improved structure lends itself to the production of boats on a large scale, and in a highly emcient manner, eliminating a great amount of skilled labor required in the construction of boats in accordance with the conventional methods.
By reason of the manner of constructing a boat as herein set forth, in the event of a damage to anypart ci the boat because of a collision or otherwise. the boat may be readily repaired by replacing the broken structure with the plastic or other compound employed. For example, if a hole were cut in the side ci the hull a repair could bernade by simply lling this hole with the compound and then refinishing the inner and outer surfaces. If the frame structure is damaged, the frame may be reinforced by welding a new frame piece in position.
As previously stated, in some instances, the use of the skeleton frame It is not absolutely essential, and this is especially true in the construction of small boats or of toys or other articles latter cases, an openwork binder of any suitable material, including brous material, may be employed, and in referring to openwork material,
it is to be understood that this is to include a body or sheet of any desired material which is in the construction. of manufacture. In the perforated or apertured solely'fcr' the purpose of establishing a binder between inner land outer surfaces of the plastic body employed. In some instances, plain sheets of material may be used in certain sections or areas of the product formedfin which event, such sheets will b e composed of a material which will readily adhere to the casting or molding compound employed, or the surfaces of such sheets will be coated with a sizing suitable to establish a binding between the compound and surfaces of the sheet.
In Fig. l0 of the drawings, another form of hull or wall. structure is shown, wherein two skeleton frames lila, iilb are employed and imbedded in the molded or cast body 42 and preferably arranged in spaced relation to each other in said body. sheeting 43 may tothe frame Illa and another openwork sheeting 44 secured to the frame lilb. 'I'his type of construction is adaptable for use in connection with large boats, ships or other large apparatus. In this connection, it will be understood that the type of frame ller or reinforcement will depend entirely upon the character of the device or apparatus produced. Our invention is by no means limited to the types and kinds of reinforcements or fillers herein disclosed. In forming the skeleton frame or openwork body of binding or reinforcing material, the same may be stamped or molded from a fibrous or metallic material.
While in the smaller and especially toy types of boat constructions as well as in the construction of other small articles, the entire frame and molded body nay be unitary in construction, in other instances, it will be found practical and desirable to form independent units or parts of the entire structure and to suitably join or unite said parts in erecting the structure. This will be especially true with regard to the super` structure of a boat as well as interior wall structures which may be incorporated to partition or otherwise subdivide the boat into separate rooms or compartments.
When thebody portion or wall structure of the device or apparatus produced is composed of "plastic wood" and semi-plastic materials or compounds, the same may be treated with a penetrating solution or compound to render the same substantially flame-proof as well as waterprooi.
In the construction of boats of dierent kinds and classes, we have found that the use of plastic wood as a compound for constructing the body of the boat is practical and desirable, especially from the .standpoint that this wood is substantially waterproof, and furthermore, provides a surface which may be readily coated with paints, lacquers and the like, to provide the desired finish thereto, and at the same time, provides a body to which various fittings and 11xtures may be readily applied. While this particular material is mentioned specifically to illustrate one use of the invention, any other kind or class of material, -suitable forhandling or application in the manners herein set forth may be employed, the invention relating primarily to the type of construction and method of forma-v tion of the same, rather than to the particular type of compounds or molding materials employed. f
The boat, as seen in Fig. 2 of the drawings, represents substantially the finished appearance of a boat made from the skeleton frame shown in Figs. 1 and 3 on a reduced scale to indicate the finished appearance of the boat. The shape, design and contour of the boat, including its superstructure, may be mo'died in many ways, the `present drawings being merely illustrative of one type and. kind of boat structure.
Having fully described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure byLetters Patent, is:
1. A vehicle body of the class described comprising a frame unit consisting of a skeleton frame having longitudinally and transversely spaced frame parts, al coarse fibrous sheeting of open woven fabric covering said skeleton frame,
said unit substantially dening the contour of the article to be formed, and a body of plastic fibrous material applied to said unit frame and imbedding the sheeting therein and forming a article to be formed, a body of plastic fibrous material applied to said unit frame and imbedding the sheeting therein and forming a binder be tweenv the sheeting and said skeleton frame, and
a sheeting of wire mesh fabric arranged in juxtaposition to and intermediate said skeleton frame andrst named 'fibrous sheeting. 1
3. A vehicle body of the class described comprising a 'frame unit consisting of a skeleton frame having longitudinally and transversely spaced frame parts, and two or more sheets of openwork fabric of dierent sized mesh disposed one directly upon the other and arranged upon and secured 'tosaid. openwork frame, said unit substantially defining the contour of the article to be formed, a body of plastic :dbrous material applied to and imbedding said sheets therein and forming a binder between adjacent sheets and said skeleton frame, and at least one surface of said body being nished to the contour of the 4 article to be formed.
4. A vehicle body of the class described comprising a frame unit consisting of a skeleton frame `having longitudinally and transversely spaced frame parts, and two or more sheets of openwork fabric of different sized mesh disposed one directly upon the other and arranged upon and secured to said openwork frame, said unit substantially defining the contour of the article to be formed, a body of plastic fibrous material applied to and imbedding said sheets therein and forming a binder between adjacent sheets and said skeleton frame, at least one surface of said body being finished to the contour of the article to be formed, one of said sheets being composed of openwork fabric of diiierent sized mesh disposed one directly upon the other and arranged upon and secured to said openwork frame, said unit substantially defining the contour of the article to be formed, a body of plastic iibrous material applied to and imbedding said sheets therein and forming a binder between adjacent sheets and said skeleton frame, at least one surface of said body being finished to the contour of the article to be formed, one of said sheets being composed of brous material having an open weave, another of said sheets being'composed of wire mesh, said plastic body having a predetermined color included therein to give distinct color value throughout the entire body when formed, and said nished exposed surface of the body being smooth and having a coating material thereon.
6. A vehicle body of the class described comprising a frame unit consisting of a skeleton frame having longitudinally and transversely spaced frame parts and two or more sheets of openwork fabric of different sized mesh disposed one directly upon the other and arranged upon and secured to said openwork frame, said unit substantially defining the contour of the article to said skeleton of fibrous material having an open weave, an-
other of said sheets being composed of wire mesh, and said skeleton frame including supporting elements anchored one surface of '7. A vehicle body prlsing a frame unit consisting of a skeleton frame having longitudinally and transversely spaced frame parts and two or more sheets of openwork fabric of diiferent sized mesh disposed one directly upon the other and arranged upon vand secured to said openwork frame, said unit substantially dening the contour of the article to be formed, a body of plastic fibrous material applied to and imbedding said sheets therein and forming' a binder between adjacent sheets and. said skeleton frame, at least one surface of said body being finished to the contour of the article to be formed, and the separate parts of said skeleton frame being tubular in form.
8. Aboat comprising a skeleton unit involving a frame having spaced longitudinal and transverse parts and a sheetingl of coarse openwork fibrous material secured thereto, said unit substantially defining the contour of the boat to be formed, a body of plastic fibrous material applied to said unit and substantially imbedding the unit therein, and said body forming smooth exposed surfaces of a contour representing the predetermined boat to be formed.
9. An apparatus prising a skeleton unit involving a frame having spaced longitudinal .and transverse parts and sheetings of openwork material secured thereto,
said body.
of the class one of said sheetings being composed of coarse,
fine mesh, said unit substantially defining the contour of the apparatus to be formed, a body of plastic fibrous material applied to said unit, and said plastic body forming a binder between said mesh sheetings and frame parts.
10. A boat having a hull and superstructure, said boat comprising a body of fibrous plastic material, a reinforcing and binding unit imbedded therein, said unit involving spaced longitudinal and transverse frame members, and a sheeting of openwork'brous material arranged `on said members and substantially defining ,the
contour of the boat to be formed, and said brous body forming a binder between said sheeting and members.
11. A boat having a unitary reinforced plastic hull, said hull comprising a body of fibrous plastic material,` a reinforcing and binding unit imbedded therein, said unit comprising a sheeting of openwork brous material, and a skeleton frame, consisting of longitudinal and transversely spaced parts coupled together, said frame being secured to and serving to support said sheeting in a contour substantially defining the contour of the boat ull, and said skeleton frame being sheeting by said plastic body to form a unitary structure of the entire hull of 12. A boat comprising a hull and superstructure in the form of a unitary body, said body having a reinforcing frame involving a fibrous retlculated element substantially defining the contour of the hull and superstructure of the thereto and projecting through- 4having a reinforcing frame described eomlby said plastic compound,
of the classl described coml plastic compound forming the wall structure of said body and a finished surface for at least one surface of said body, and said frame including longitudinally and transversely arranged tubular y rods supporting said element and bound thereto by said plastic compound.
13. A boat comprising a hull and superstructure in the form of a unitary body, said body involving a fibrous reticulated element substantially defining the contour of the hull and superstructure of the boat, said frame being imbedded in a fibrous plastic compound forming the wall structure of said body and a finished surface for at least one surface of said body, said frame including longitudinally and transversely arranged tubular rods supporting said element and bound thereto and said rods being in common alinement with each other and welded together.
l 14. A boat comprising a hull and superstructure in the form of a unitary body, said body having a reinforcing frame involving a fibrous reticulated element substantially defining the contour of the hull and superstructure of the boat, said frame being imbedded in a fibrous plastic compound forming the wall structure of said body and a finished surface for at least one surface of said body, said frame including longitudinally and transversely arranged tubular rods supporting said element and bound thereto by said plastic compound, said rods being in common alinement with each other and welded together, ard said element consisting of 'independent sheetings having diiierent size mesh.
15. A boat comprising a hull and superstructure in the form of a unitary body, said body having a reinforcing frame involving a recticulated element substantially defining the contour of the hull and superstructure of the boat, said frame being imbedded in a flbrousplastic compound forming the wall structure of said body and a nished surface for at least one surface of said body, said frame including longitudinally and transversely arranged tubular rods supporting said element and bound thereto by said plastic compound, said element consisting of independent sheetings having different size mesh, one of said sheetings being composed of fibrous material, and the other sheeting of a metallic mesh.
i6. A boat comprising a hull and superstructure in the form of a unitary body, said body having a reinforcing frame involving a fibrous reticulated element substantially defining the contour of the hull and superstructure of the boat, said frame being imbedded in a fibrous plastic compound forming the wall structure of said body and a finished surface for at least one surface of said body, said frame including longitudinally and transversely arranged tubular rods supporting said element and bound thereto by said plastic compound, and' said frame including brackets and supporting members projecting through the wall structure of said plastic body.
17. A boat comprising a hull and superstructure in the form of a unitary body, said body having a reinforcing frame involving a fibrous reticulated element substantially defining the contour of the hull and superstructure of the boat, said frame being imbedded in a fibrous plastic compound forming the wall structure of said body and a nished surface for at least one surface of said body, said frame including longitudinally and transversely arranged tubular rods supporting plastic compound forming the wall said element and bound thereto by said plastic compound, and saidrods being perforated.
18. A boat comprising .a hull and superstructure in the form of a unitary body, saidbody having a reinforcing frame involving a fibrous reticulated element substantially defining the contour of the hull and superstructure oi the boat, said frame being imbedded in a brous structure of said body and a ilnished surface for atleast one surface of said body, and another frame arranged in said body in spaced relation to said first named frame and forming a double reinforcement i'or said body.
19. A vehicle body of the class described comprising a frame unit consisting of a skeleton iframe having longitudinally and transversely spaced frame parts, a coarse ibrous sheeting oi open woven fabric covering said skeleton frame, said unit substantially dening the contour of the article to be formed, a body o! plastic fibrous una frame and imbed material applied to said ding the'sheeting therein and forming a binder between the sheeting and said skeleton trame. and another frame unit in ,said body in spaced relation to said rst named unit.
20. An apparatus of the class described com` prising a skeleton unit .involving a frame having spaced longitudinal and transverse parts and sheetings of openwork material secured thereto, one of said sheetings being composed of coarse, fibrous material forming a relatively ne mesh, said unit substantially defining the contour of the apparatus to be formed, a body o1' plastic l'iibrous material applied v to said unit, said plastic body forming 'a binder between said mesh sheetings and frame parts, and said sheetings being disposed on inner and outer surfaces o! said frame.
^ FRANCIS P. SMITH, Jn.
HENRY B. SMITH.
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2433745A (en) * 1945-02-09 1947-12-30 Ditchburn Herbert Boat hull construction
US2577194A (en) * 1947-04-07 1951-12-04 Newman C Jannsen Heat exchanger framing for metal boats
US2721341A (en) * 1953-01-19 1955-10-25 Roberts Ind Dual-welt plastic ship
US2813050A (en) * 1953-07-21 1957-11-12 Continental Copper And Steel I Plastic boats and methods of manufacturing same
US3295152A (en) * 1965-08-20 1967-01-03 John H Shelley Sailboat
US3306245A (en) * 1965-03-16 1967-02-28 Alfred A Yee Method of rebottoming metal hull with reinforced concrete
US3849013A (en) * 1970-12-02 1974-11-19 E Bibb Frame joint construction
US3895594A (en) * 1973-10-15 1975-07-22 Moore Alvin E Pipe-framed, water-traversing vehicle
ITGO20090004A1 (en) * 2009-06-19 2010-12-20 Paolo Sansoni PROCEDURE FOR IMPLEMENTING OR COMPLETING STRUCTURES FROM THE OUTSIDE TO THE OUTSIDE
EP2055627A3 (en) * 2004-12-30 2010-12-22 Günter Richter Method for producing a boat body for a water sport device

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2433745A (en) * 1945-02-09 1947-12-30 Ditchburn Herbert Boat hull construction
US2577194A (en) * 1947-04-07 1951-12-04 Newman C Jannsen Heat exchanger framing for metal boats
US2721341A (en) * 1953-01-19 1955-10-25 Roberts Ind Dual-welt plastic ship
US2813050A (en) * 1953-07-21 1957-11-12 Continental Copper And Steel I Plastic boats and methods of manufacturing same
US3306245A (en) * 1965-03-16 1967-02-28 Alfred A Yee Method of rebottoming metal hull with reinforced concrete
US3295152A (en) * 1965-08-20 1967-01-03 John H Shelley Sailboat
US3849013A (en) * 1970-12-02 1974-11-19 E Bibb Frame joint construction
US3895594A (en) * 1973-10-15 1975-07-22 Moore Alvin E Pipe-framed, water-traversing vehicle
EP2055627A3 (en) * 2004-12-30 2010-12-22 Günter Richter Method for producing a boat body for a water sport device
ITGO20090004A1 (en) * 2009-06-19 2010-12-20 Paolo Sansoni PROCEDURE FOR IMPLEMENTING OR COMPLETING STRUCTURES FROM THE OUTSIDE TO THE OUTSIDE

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