US1794079A - Building construction - Google Patents

Building construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US1794079A
US1794079A US165638A US16563827A US1794079A US 1794079 A US1794079 A US 1794079A US 165638 A US165638 A US 165638A US 16563827 A US16563827 A US 16563827A US 1794079 A US1794079 A US 1794079A
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Prior art keywords
concrete
moulds
building construction
forms
mould
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Expired - Lifetime
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US165638A
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Kellett William Platts
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Gilbert Brereton
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Priority to US165638A priority Critical patent/US1794079A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/30Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts being composed of two or more materials; Composite steel and concrete constructions

Description

Feb. 24, 1931. w. P. KELLETT BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Feb. 3, 192
Patented Feb. 24, 1931 UNITED STATES PATIENT OFFICE I WILLIAM I LATTs KELLETT, or BRANT'FORD, ONTARIO, CANADA, ASSIGNOR or oNE- HALF To GILBERT BRER-ETON, OF'BRANTFORD, ONTARIO, CA A A BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Application filed February 3, 1927. Serial No. 165,638.
The principal objects of the invention are, to reduce the cost of construction of concrete buildings to enable the more rapid fabrication of the structure and to present finished surfaces which may be very readily decorated or which may not require decoration and will present an exceptionally fine appearance.
The principal feature of the invention consists in fabricating forms of sheet metal and uniting them together to form the finished surface of the structure, the interior thereof being filled with a uniform and unitary standard reinforced concrete body.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a detail perspective section of a portion of the beam structure of a building constructed in accordance with this invention.
Figure 2 is an enlarged cross sectional view through one of the completed beams.
In the building of concrete structures, it has been the practice to build up moulds and forms of lumber and timber into which the fluid concrete is poured and these forms are removed when the concrete has thoroughly set. Such methods of construction require a considerable amount of structural material in the forms and their supports which is ultimately waste and after the forms are removed a great deal of work and expense is required to produce a presentable appearance on the surface of the concrete.
According to the present invention the forms for containing the concrete mix are built up of sheet metal with the exterior surfaces of the desired dimensions for the finished beam or column. The beam structures are formed of U-shape having the bottom 1 and side walls 2 fabricated either from one single sheet or from a multiple number of sheets suitably welded or otherwise secured together at the joints. The top edges 3 of the side walls are turned inwardly leaving the open slots a to allow the insertion of the reinforcing member and the concrete.
In the cross section of beam shown, a rod type of reinforcement is used but a beam reinforcement may be used if desired, or the forms may be placed around the skeleton steel structure of a building.
The external surfaces of the mould or form are finished in a manner'such as may be desired for the final finished surface, thatis to say the moulds may be made of copper or bronze where a metal surface finish is desired,
or they may be made of galvanized metal where a painted or other decorated surface is desired. p
The interior walls of the form are preferably provided with a plurality of inwardly projecting metal strips 5 which may be of sheet metaland may be spot welded or otherwise fastened to the body sheet. These strips projectinwardly to form a bond with the concrete mix. I
The forms may be made up in the shop in section in the same manner that steel beam -When the form-s are placed in position,
they will of course require to be supported but the supporting arrangements will be much more simple than will the supports requiredforcarryingthevery heavy woodforms at present in use, consequently very much less material for supporting structures will be required. WVhen the forms are set in position, either around the beam or in monolithic structures, the reinforcements will be set into the mould and the concrete is then poured through the open slots 4 in the top.
It will be readily seen that with moulds constructed as described there will be no leakage of water'from the concrete mix and the difiiculties encountered with wooden mould structures through swelling and warping will be obviated. W hen the concrete is set the supports are removed and the metal surface remains exposed in a finished state.
The idea incorporated in this invention is very simple but it is very effective and effects a very great saving in the cost of the structure and produces a very desirable appearance.
What I claim as my invention is:
1. A building construction comprising a plurality of moulds each formed of a unihorizontally 2. building construction, comprising a; pluralityof mould sections each formed of a single sheet of metal bent into substantially rectangular cross section and secured permanently together in intersecting relationwith their hollow interiors interconnected; said mould sections each having the longitudinal edge portions arranged uppermost and being flanged inwardly at substantially right angles to the side walls and spaced apart leaving a central longitudinal opening, vertical mould f sections arranged to intersect the former mould sections and belng permanently secured thereto with their interiors interconnecting, said vertlcal mould sections having the side walls completely closed, reinforcements arranged in said vertical mould sections, reinforcements inserted through said central openings and extending continuously through the interconnected hollow interiors of the open mould sections and intersecting the reinforcements in said vertical mould sections, and a continuous core of concrete filling the interconnected interiors of said vertical and horizontal moulds.
3. A building construction, comprising a plurality of moulds formed of sheet metal arranged in horizontal and verticalintersecting relation the one to the other to form a hollow skeleton frame-work, and a continuous core of concrete filling the interior of the and vertically intersecting mould sections of said hollow skeleton frame work and united thereto to form a permanent integral structure. a V
r 4. A building construction comprising a skeleton frame-workformed of a plurality of hollow moulds formed in sections from sheet metal and permanently secured together in horizontal and verticalintersecting relation the one to the other with their interiors interconnecting, and a continuous core v of concrete filling the interconnecting interiors of said horizontal and vertical intersecting moulds and forming therewith a permanent integral frame structure presenting a metallic surface. c
5. A building frame structure formed of a plurality of horizontally and vertically intersecting moulds, each of said moulds be ing formed of sheet metal into apermanent rectangular cross section, said horizontal moulds being open at the top and having their interiors communicating at the'points of intersection with said vertical moulds, re-
' inforcing metal strips secured at one end to the interior Wall of said intersecting
US165638A 1927-02-03 1927-02-03 Building construction Expired - Lifetime US1794079A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1003671B (en) * 1954-09-17 1957-03-07 Hoesch Walzwerke Ag Metal inserts for concrete, in particular for warping plates for pit extensions
DE959632C (en) * 1953-06-13 1957-03-07 Friedrich Wilhelm Peter Eggert Warped plank
US2911817A (en) * 1954-01-12 1959-11-10 Smith John Edward Prefabricated wall
DE1289804B (en) * 1968-04-18 1969-02-27 Kolster Karl Beams for boxes to be set underground as safety pillars
US3468090A (en) * 1964-11-25 1969-09-23 Robert L Hermite Constructional element and method of making the same
US4125973A (en) * 1977-03-28 1978-11-21 Realsources, Inc. Form assembly for building framework
US4211045A (en) * 1977-01-20 1980-07-08 Kajima Kensetsu Kabushiki Kaisha Building structure
EP0035634A2 (en) * 1980-03-11 1981-09-16 Hoesch Aktiengesellschaft Fire-resistant composite beam
WO1983001975A1 (en) * 1981-12-03 1983-06-09 Ib Hemming Hansen A method of erecting a building construction and a reinforcing element for use in the method
US4409764A (en) * 1976-08-02 1983-10-18 Ennis H. Proctor System and method for reinforced concrete construction
US4682754A (en) * 1981-04-03 1987-07-28 Hitachi, Ltd. Turbine pedestal
FR2743832A1 (en) * 1996-01-24 1997-07-25 Milh Alfred Henri Reinforced concrete posts for building support structure
US6061995A (en) * 1996-03-04 2000-05-16 National Gypsum Company Composite structural member and wall assembly method
WO2011091460A1 (en) * 2010-01-29 2011-08-04 Technische Universität Wien Composite element having a filling body
US20110271636A1 (en) * 2010-05-05 2011-11-10 Kurek Nathan A Form, system and method for forming concrete diaphragms

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE959632C (en) * 1953-06-13 1957-03-07 Friedrich Wilhelm Peter Eggert Warped plank
US2911817A (en) * 1954-01-12 1959-11-10 Smith John Edward Prefabricated wall
DE1003671B (en) * 1954-09-17 1957-03-07 Hoesch Walzwerke Ag Metal inserts for concrete, in particular for warping plates for pit extensions
US3468090A (en) * 1964-11-25 1969-09-23 Robert L Hermite Constructional element and method of making the same
DE1289804B (en) * 1968-04-18 1969-02-27 Kolster Karl Beams for boxes to be set underground as safety pillars
US4409764A (en) * 1976-08-02 1983-10-18 Ennis H. Proctor System and method for reinforced concrete construction
US4211045A (en) * 1977-01-20 1980-07-08 Kajima Kensetsu Kabushiki Kaisha Building structure
US4125973A (en) * 1977-03-28 1978-11-21 Realsources, Inc. Form assembly for building framework
WO1980000723A1 (en) * 1977-03-28 1980-04-17 Realsources Inc Form assembly for building frame work
EP0035634A2 (en) * 1980-03-11 1981-09-16 Hoesch Aktiengesellschaft Fire-resistant composite beam
EP0035634A3 (en) * 1980-03-11 1981-11-04 Werke Aktiengesellschaft Hoesch Fire-resistant composite beam
US4682754A (en) * 1981-04-03 1987-07-28 Hitachi, Ltd. Turbine pedestal
WO1983001975A1 (en) * 1981-12-03 1983-06-09 Ib Hemming Hansen A method of erecting a building construction and a reinforcing element for use in the method
FR2743832A1 (en) * 1996-01-24 1997-07-25 Milh Alfred Henri Reinforced concrete posts for building support structure
US6061995A (en) * 1996-03-04 2000-05-16 National Gypsum Company Composite structural member and wall assembly method
US6412247B1 (en) 1996-03-04 2002-07-02 National Gypsum Properties, Llc Composite structural member and wall assembly method
WO2011091460A1 (en) * 2010-01-29 2011-08-04 Technische Universität Wien Composite element having a filling body
US20110271636A1 (en) * 2010-05-05 2011-11-10 Kurek Nathan A Form, system and method for forming concrete diaphragms
US8572788B2 (en) * 2010-05-05 2013-11-05 Nathan A. Kurek Concrete diaphragm including form spanning between spaced-apart longitudinal members

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