US2085918A - A building - Google Patents

A building Download PDF

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Publication number
US2085918A
US2085918A US665481A US66548133A US2085918A US 2085918 A US2085918 A US 2085918A US 665481 A US665481 A US 665481A US 66548133 A US66548133 A US 66548133A US 2085918 A US2085918 A US 2085918A
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United States
Prior art keywords
brick
laid
bricks
building
roof
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Expired - Lifetime
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US665481A
Inventor
Louis A Mazzarino
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Louis A Mazzarino
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Priority to US665481A priority Critical patent/US2085918A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/44Floors composed of stones, mortar, and reinforcing elements

Description

July 6, 1937. n| A. MAzzARlNo A BUILDING Filed April 11, 1933 Patented July 6, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 1 Claim.
My invention relates to method of building brick buildings and more particularly to brick roofs and has for its object to provide a building construction which is re proof, shock and earthquake proof, and which is interlocking and strong in construction.
A further object is to provide a fire proof roof or ceiling for buildings, which may be held by fewer vertical supports and which will use fewer steel girders or beams than is now the practice, with resulting stronger and more substantial roof.
A still further object is to provide a fire proof constructed roof, floor, or ceiling, in which bricks are used between horizontally laid I-bearns, with the laying of the bricks so positioned as to result in a self supporting arch with more strength and durability than has heretofore been accomplished.
A still further object is to provide a reinforcing for the walls of a building so that the stress of the roof will not force the walls outwardly and to prevent one wall collapsing when shocks occur.
These objects I accomplish with the construction shown in the accompanying dra-wing in which similar numerals and letters of reference indicate like parts throughout the several views and as described in the specification forming a part of this application and pointed out in the appended claim.
In the drawing in which I have shown the construction of my building Figure 1 is a vertical section through a portion of the roof.
Figure 2 is an inverted plan view of a portion of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a horizontal section through the side walls, showing the locking means employed.
Figure 4 is a side view of the ends of the cables at one corner of the building showing the vertical locking bars.
The present day construction of roofs or ceilings is made by setting the I-beams fourteen inches apart and laying tile in between each I-beam and with my invention I lay the I-beams at least thirty-six inches apart and lay four nine inch bricks in between the beams as shown in the drawing, the distance between the beams and the length of the bricks may be varied as desired.
In the drawing I have shown the roof as A and the sidewalls as B. The roof is laid with the I- beams C, D and E as shown in horizontal position and between each I-beam I then lay bricks as shown in Figure 1, with the brick I, laid with the end touching and resting against the base of the I-beam C and the flange thereof inclined slightly upwardly therefrom with the brick 2 then laid against the end of the brick I but inclined less from the horizontal plane. The brickv 3 is laid in an opposite incline to brick 2 and brick 4 is laid between the end of brick Sand the I-beam D on the same incline as brick I. The end of the brick 4 is th .en wedged between the brick and I-bearn D as necessary. The mortar F whichvis used between the bricks is allowed to stick down between each crack in the bricks to enable the plasterers tolay their plaster tying the plaster to the roof by this mortar. The next row of bricks is then laid starting with a half of a brick 5 at theY end, with three whole bricks 6, l and 8, laid kthereto adjacent the bricks I, 2, 3 and 4, and another half brick 9 is laid at the end of this flight with this brick resting against the I-beam E'.
The entire roof may be thus constructed, but care must be taken to lay about a foot distance between each I-beam before advancing any stretch of bricks between any given set ofY I- bearns more than that distance in order to prevent springing of the I-rbeams.
The tops of the I-beams are then provided with holes I2, therethrough, through which bolts or screws I3 may be passed to secure stringers I4 thereto. Onto the top of the stringers III a suitable oor G may then be laid. Before the floor is laid the upper surface of the brick arches between each I-bearn is treated or ushed over by a thin-coating of fluid cement to insure complete closure of allY ssures between each bricky and to form a solid roof. Plaster I5 may then be placed on the under surface of the bricks toV make the space between each beam flush with the bottom of the beam and a nish coat I6 may be spread thereover tocompletely finish the ceiling, if desired, or the bare bricks may be left if desired.
Laid in each vertical wall of the building are cables 2li, 2l, 22, and 23, with the endsY of each cable formed into a loop 24, and vertical tie bars 25 are placed through the loops to lock the ends of the cables into the corners interlocking the entire wall structure into a solid unit.
When more iioors are desired above the one.
laid, the I-beams will be laid across the building in a direction at right angles to the rstrfloor or ceiling.
Having thus described my invention I desire to secure by Letters Patent and claim:
In a building the combination'of the side walls heldin place by longitudinal cables extending from corner to corner and crossing over each
US665481A 1933-04-11 1933-04-11 A building Expired - Lifetime US2085918A (en)

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US665481A US2085918A (en) 1933-04-11 1933-04-11 A building

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3189335A (en) * 1962-05-28 1965-06-15 Fluor Corp Arched packing for cooling towers
US3799247A (en) * 1971-08-04 1974-03-26 Caen Atel Constr Metal Roof composed of multipurpose self-supporting longitudinal elements, method and installation for its manufacture

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3189335A (en) * 1962-05-28 1965-06-15 Fluor Corp Arched packing for cooling towers
US3799247A (en) * 1971-08-04 1974-03-26 Caen Atel Constr Metal Roof composed of multipurpose self-supporting longitudinal elements, method and installation for its manufacture

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