US2055000A - Building construction - Google Patents

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US2055000A
US2055000A US3577535A US2055000A US 2055000 A US2055000 A US 2055000A US 3577535 A US3577535 A US 3577535A US 2055000 A US2055000 A US 2055000A
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structure
lateral
means
earth
building
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Bacigalupo Joseph
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Bacigalupo Joseph
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/021Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings
    • E04H9/023Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings and comprising rolling elements, e.g. balls, pins

Description

Sept; 22, 1936. 7 J. BACIGALUPO 0 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug; 12, 1955 1am H I 1| 7/ u ,1 1w IITIF- F 4am? i4 JAMES ElAEI EALLIF'EI BY ATTORNEY.

INVENTOR.

Patented Sept. 22, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT" OFFICE r 2,055,000 I 1' BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Joseph Bacigalupo, San Francisco, Calif. Application August 12, 1935, Serial- No. 35,175

4 Claims.

signed primarily to absorb such shocks and prevent the same from being transmitted to building structures.-

On the Pacific coast especially including. Mexico and in many sections of the Southern Hemisphere,- including the South Americas, earthquakes are very common occurrences and in the islands of the Pacific Ocean many of these disturbances occur at regular intervals and it is the object of my invention to produce a building structure that will absorb these earth disturbances and prevent transmission of these earth shocks to such structures and the consequent collapse of the same.

The principal object of the present invention is to provide a building structure that is resiliently mounted relative to the earths surface both horizontally and vertically and that is provided with means adapted to absorb both lateral and vertical movements or contortions of the earths surface during an earthquake,

A further object of the invention is to incorporate in building structures means for absorbing both lateral and vertical convulsions of the earth and that embodies resilient mountings both for the support of the structure relative to the earth and laterally relative to side or lateral motion to absorb both lateral and vertical movements thereof which movements are common in most earth disturbances of this character.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of earth-quake absorbing means for building structures that will allow of the lateral and vertical movement thereof and also includes means for cushioning said lateral and vertical movements and additionally embodies anti-friction means for easing said lateral movement.

An additional object of the invention is that of providing means for earthquake proofing building structures in such manner that the same will remain stationary during convulsions of the earth, .as in earthquakes, due to the fact that said structure is resiliently carried both laterally and vertically by resilient members, such as compression springs and an anti-friction track which not only allows vertical and lateral movement of the earth relative to the building structure but also allows the earth to twist or convulse in a rotary direction relative to the structure so equipped.

Ancillary to the foregoing objects is that of providing means for preventing earth shocks building structure either after it is built or during the course oficonstruction.

Referring generally to the drawing:

Figure 1 is an elevation partly in section of a building structure of the usual form showing my improved earthquake absorbing system in place; a portion of the foundation excavation being shown and the means for supporting the structure vertically and the means for absorbing lateral convulsion of the earth, as in earthquakes, and

Figure 2 is a plan view of the vertical and lateral absorbing means showing the preferred radial arrangement of the lateral or radial shock absorbing mechanism of the device, also the ball bearing supports which allow of the torsional movement of the foundation of the structure relative to the foundation thereof.

Referring more specifically to the drawing in which the preferred embodiment of my invention is disclosed, Figure 1 shows a building structure of usual form which may be an office building or a dwelling structure 5, said structure being mounted upon a suitable base or the like 6.

An excavation l is provided in the earths structure as indicated at 1 and in this excavation, which may be lined with concrete, is positioned supporting members 8 and 9 and additional supporting members Ill, said members I being spaced from the base 6, as shown in Figure 1 and anti-friction ball members H are interposed between the members 8 and 9 so that the earths surface may twist or revolve relative to the structure carrying the member 9 with it.

Interposed between the base 6 of the structure and the supporting member ID is a plurality of compression springs I2 held in position by means of the spring seats l3 and I l, said springs being of sufficient strength to bear the dead weight of the structure 5 and to still allow of sufficient resiliency to shock proof the said structure.

It will now be observed that the excavation 1 is provided with a circular member or ring l5 arranged in the upper end thereof and that a plurality of shock absorbing elements l6 are arranged radially within this ring, said elements comprising telescoping cylinders I! and I8 having rods I9 and 20 contacting, respectively, the ring I 5 and the base 6 of the structure, said telescopic cylinders having compression springs 2| arranged therein and adapted to urge the rods 20 against the supporting base 6 of the structure.

It will thus be seen that a structure so equipped and supported will be immune from lateral earth shocks and from vertical contortions thereof also from twisting or torsional movements of the earths surface relative to the structure in that all shocks are absorbed vertically, laterally and torsionally by the various shock absorbing elements and the anti-friction ball races which com-- pensate for the twisting or torsional movement of the earth.

In the drawing I have shown the mechanism as included in a circular floor plan but is to be understood that I do not wish to limit myself to this specific structure as the floor plan may be of rectangular or other corresponding shape.

I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States the following:-v

1. In a device of the class described, means for,

resiliently supporting a building structure, in combination, an excavation for said structure, an anti-friction turntable in said excavation, a structure having a base mounted above said turntable, resilient means interposed between said base andrsaid turntable and radially disposed telescopic means disposed about said base whereby lateral, vertical and torsional vibrations are absorbed by said means.

2. In an earthquake absorbing structure of the .class described, in combination with a building excavation, a turntable mounted in'said excavation and comprising anti-friction elements, a base for said structure, vertically disposed spring elements mounted between the base and said turntable and supporting the entire weight of said structure, and radially disposed telescopic spring members arranged in the excavation and engaging the base of said structure and capable of absorbing lateral movement of said structure relative to said excavation.

l. In a device of the class described as claimed in claim 3 and including radially disposed telescopic members having rods adapted to frictionally engage said base and having compression springs in said telescopic members adapted to absorb lateral shocks transmitted thereto by lat eral convulsions of the earths surface.

JOSEPH BACIGALUPO;

US2055000A 1935-08-12 1935-08-12 Building construction Expired - Lifetime US2055000A (en)

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Cited By (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3350821A (en) * 1965-01-11 1967-11-07 Potteries Motor Traction Compa Building construction responsive to changing support condition
US3638377A (en) * 1969-12-03 1972-02-01 Marc S Caspe Earthquake-resistant multistory structure
US3691712A (en) * 1969-05-13 1972-09-19 Monsanto Co Damping system
US3726986A (en) * 1970-11-30 1973-04-10 Nishin Electric Co Ltd Suspension type electric apparatus having a plurality of radially disposed buffer devices
US3762114A (en) * 1972-07-19 1973-10-02 L Eskijian Earthquake resistant system
US3906689A (en) * 1973-02-08 1975-09-23 Tadayoshi Nakayama Apparatus for absorbing or damping vibrations of the ground
US3977140A (en) * 1973-12-12 1976-08-31 Ishikawajima-Harima Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Earthquake resistant structure for spherical tanks
US3986367A (en) * 1975-10-01 1976-10-19 Kalpins Alexandrs K Earthquake-resistant anchoring system
US4121393A (en) * 1975-07-01 1978-10-24 Spie-Batignolles Device for protecting a structure against the effects of high horizontal dynamic stresses
FR2492866A1 (en) * 1980-10-29 1982-04-30 Ikonomou Aristarchos Building foundations resistant to vertical earthquake tremors - incorporating components of rubber and PTFE
US4371143A (en) * 1980-05-24 1983-02-01 Mitsubishi Steel Mfg. Co., Ltd. Earthquake isolation floor
US4389141A (en) * 1980-12-31 1983-06-21 Mobil Oil Corporation Marine structure having a deck or work platform supported by absorbing mechanisms
US4402483A (en) * 1979-11-12 1983-09-06 Mitsubishi Steel Mfg. Co., Ltd. Earthquake isolation floor
FR2531801A1 (en) * 1982-08-13 1984-02-17 Electricite De France Structure antiseismic Bracketing for battery block nuclear reactor of the type a fast neutron
FR2544432A1 (en) * 1982-11-09 1984-10-19 Dragages Travaux Publics Paraseismic jack for an elastically supported structure
US4517778A (en) * 1981-10-15 1985-05-21 Nicolai Charles M Earthquake-proof building with improved foundation
US4554767A (en) * 1981-02-05 1985-11-26 Ikonomou Aristarchos S Earthquake guarding system
US4565039A (en) * 1984-03-07 1986-01-21 Ohbayashi-Gumi, Ltd. Floor structure for reducing vibration
FR2572446A1 (en) * 1984-10-30 1986-05-02 Toshiba Kk floor system for seismic isolation.
US4615157A (en) * 1984-11-21 1986-10-07 Nucor Corporation Floor joist damper
EP0234310A2 (en) * 1986-02-28 1987-09-02 AROS Hydraulik GmBH Viscous damper for a vibration isolation device
US4713917A (en) * 1984-05-11 1987-12-22 Dfc New Zealand Limited Frictional energy absorbing device and/or methods of absorbing energy
US4718206A (en) * 1986-09-08 1988-01-12 Fyfe Edward R Apparatus for limiting the effect of vibrations between a structure and its foundation
DE3814226A1 (en) * 1988-04-27 1989-11-16 Brusnowitz Georg Earthquake protection (damping measure)
US4883250A (en) * 1987-03-12 1989-11-28 Kajima Corporation Vibration-proof and earthquake-immue mount system
US5014474A (en) * 1989-04-24 1991-05-14 Fyfe Edward R System and apparatus for limiting the effect of vibrations between a structure and its foundation
WO1991012398A1 (en) * 1990-02-19 1991-08-22 Colette Depoisier Anti-seismic building
US5103605A (en) * 1991-04-29 1992-04-14 Sul Tae H Earthquake resistant building support system
US5185976A (en) * 1988-01-06 1993-02-16 Takenaka Corporation Floor vibration-damping apparatus
US5540522A (en) * 1993-07-09 1996-07-30 Eniricerche S.P.A. Seismic joint for underwater floating tunnels
DE19744001A1 (en) * 1997-09-26 1999-04-22 Ulrich Dipl Ing Huber Dynamic mounting for building module
US6457285B1 (en) * 1999-09-09 2002-10-01 Hector Valencia Aseismic system
US6533256B1 (en) * 2000-06-23 2003-03-18 Foster-Miller, Inc. High precision vibration damping system
WO2004007871A2 (en) * 2002-07-15 2004-01-22 Worksafe Technologies Isolation platform
DE10229705B3 (en) * 2002-07-02 2004-03-18 Leitz Messtechnik Gmbh Oscillation foundation for oscillation-insulated mounting of measuring devices and/or workpieces comprises bearings which are softer in the horizontal direction
US20040068125A1 (en) * 2000-12-19 2004-04-08 Senal Angel Castillo Foundation building system with antiseismic plates
US20040163333A1 (en) * 2002-10-25 2004-08-26 Whittaker Wayne H. Apparatus for isolating and leveling a machine foundation
US20040261333A1 (en) * 2002-10-25 2004-12-30 Whittaker Wayne H. Seismic restraint apparatus
US20060179729A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2006-08-17 Feng Li Shock absorbing support system
US20070044390A1 (en) * 2004-02-12 2007-03-01 Helmut Meyer Building
US20080048069A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2008-02-28 Gangtie Zheng Uncoupled vibrion attenuation/isolation devices
US8061692B1 (en) * 2007-05-22 2011-11-22 DIS Inc. Floor isolation system
US20120047822A1 (en) * 2010-08-26 2012-03-01 Danny Chagai Zeevi Earthquake force absorption system
US20130118098A1 (en) * 2011-11-11 2013-05-16 Michael C. Constantinou Negative stiffness device and method
US20140059951A1 (en) * 2009-09-10 2014-03-06 Alessandro Balducci Structural protection system for buildings
US9206616B2 (en) 2013-06-28 2015-12-08 The Research Foundation For The State University Of New York Negative stiffness device and method
US9399865B2 (en) 2011-06-29 2016-07-26 Worksafe Technologies Seismic isolation systems
US20170241151A1 (en) * 2014-07-06 2017-08-24 Adnan Dogan Earthquake isolator

Cited By (66)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3350821A (en) * 1965-01-11 1967-11-07 Potteries Motor Traction Compa Building construction responsive to changing support condition
US3691712A (en) * 1969-05-13 1972-09-19 Monsanto Co Damping system
US3638377A (en) * 1969-12-03 1972-02-01 Marc S Caspe Earthquake-resistant multistory structure
US3726986A (en) * 1970-11-30 1973-04-10 Nishin Electric Co Ltd Suspension type electric apparatus having a plurality of radially disposed buffer devices
US3762114A (en) * 1972-07-19 1973-10-02 L Eskijian Earthquake resistant system
US3906689A (en) * 1973-02-08 1975-09-23 Tadayoshi Nakayama Apparatus for absorbing or damping vibrations of the ground
US3977140A (en) * 1973-12-12 1976-08-31 Ishikawajima-Harima Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Earthquake resistant structure for spherical tanks
US4121393A (en) * 1975-07-01 1978-10-24 Spie-Batignolles Device for protecting a structure against the effects of high horizontal dynamic stresses
US3986367A (en) * 1975-10-01 1976-10-19 Kalpins Alexandrs K Earthquake-resistant anchoring system
US4402483A (en) * 1979-11-12 1983-09-06 Mitsubishi Steel Mfg. Co., Ltd. Earthquake isolation floor
US4371143A (en) * 1980-05-24 1983-02-01 Mitsubishi Steel Mfg. Co., Ltd. Earthquake isolation floor
FR2492866A1 (en) * 1980-10-29 1982-04-30 Ikonomou Aristarchos Building foundations resistant to vertical earthquake tremors - incorporating components of rubber and PTFE
US4389141A (en) * 1980-12-31 1983-06-21 Mobil Oil Corporation Marine structure having a deck or work platform supported by absorbing mechanisms
US4554767A (en) * 1981-02-05 1985-11-26 Ikonomou Aristarchos S Earthquake guarding system
US4517778A (en) * 1981-10-15 1985-05-21 Nicolai Charles M Earthquake-proof building with improved foundation
US4744941A (en) * 1982-08-13 1988-05-17 Service National Electricite De France Antiseismic protection device for solid blocks
EP0101378A1 (en) * 1982-08-13 1984-02-22 ELECTRICITE DE FRANCE Service National Aseismic supporting structure for a nuclear island, particularly for a fast breeder nuclear reactor
FR2531801A1 (en) * 1982-08-13 1984-02-17 Electricite De France Structure antiseismic Bracketing for battery block nuclear reactor of the type a fast neutron
FR2544432A1 (en) * 1982-11-09 1984-10-19 Dragages Travaux Publics Paraseismic jack for an elastically supported structure
US4565039A (en) * 1984-03-07 1986-01-21 Ohbayashi-Gumi, Ltd. Floor structure for reducing vibration
US4713917A (en) * 1984-05-11 1987-12-22 Dfc New Zealand Limited Frictional energy absorbing device and/or methods of absorbing energy
FR2572446A1 (en) * 1984-10-30 1986-05-02 Toshiba Kk floor system for seismic isolation.
US4615157A (en) * 1984-11-21 1986-10-07 Nucor Corporation Floor joist damper
EP0234310A3 (en) * 1986-02-28 1988-12-14 AROS Hydraulik GmBH Viscous damper for a vibration isolation device
EP0234310A2 (en) * 1986-02-28 1987-09-02 AROS Hydraulik GmBH Viscous damper for a vibration isolation device
US4718206A (en) * 1986-09-08 1988-01-12 Fyfe Edward R Apparatus for limiting the effect of vibrations between a structure and its foundation
US4883250A (en) * 1987-03-12 1989-11-28 Kajima Corporation Vibration-proof and earthquake-immue mount system
US5185976A (en) * 1988-01-06 1993-02-16 Takenaka Corporation Floor vibration-damping apparatus
DE3814226A1 (en) * 1988-04-27 1989-11-16 Brusnowitz Georg Earthquake protection (damping measure)
US5014474A (en) * 1989-04-24 1991-05-14 Fyfe Edward R System and apparatus for limiting the effect of vibrations between a structure and its foundation
WO1991012398A1 (en) * 1990-02-19 1991-08-22 Colette Depoisier Anti-seismic building
FR2658553A1 (en) * 1990-02-19 1991-08-23 Depoisier Colette anti-seismic building.
US5103605A (en) * 1991-04-29 1992-04-14 Sul Tae H Earthquake resistant building support system
US5540522A (en) * 1993-07-09 1996-07-30 Eniricerche S.P.A. Seismic joint for underwater floating tunnels
DE19744001C2 (en) * 1997-09-26 2003-04-17 Ulrich Huber Building as a dynamic oscillation system having three free axes of motion
DE19744001A1 (en) * 1997-09-26 1999-04-22 Ulrich Dipl Ing Huber Dynamic mounting for building module
US6457285B1 (en) * 1999-09-09 2002-10-01 Hector Valencia Aseismic system
US6533256B1 (en) * 2000-06-23 2003-03-18 Foster-Miller, Inc. High precision vibration damping system
US20040068125A1 (en) * 2000-12-19 2004-04-08 Senal Angel Castillo Foundation building system with antiseismic plates
DE10229705B3 (en) * 2002-07-02 2004-03-18 Leitz Messtechnik Gmbh Oscillation foundation for oscillation-insulated mounting of measuring devices and/or workpieces comprises bearings which are softer in the horizontal direction
US7784225B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2010-08-31 Worksafe Technologies Isolation platform
US20110024600A1 (en) * 2002-07-15 2011-02-03 Worksafe Technologies Isolation platform
WO2004007871A2 (en) * 2002-07-15 2004-01-22 Worksafe Technologies Isolation platform
WO2004007871A3 (en) * 2002-07-15 2005-02-17 Worksafe Technologies Isolation platform
US8745934B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2014-06-10 Worksafe Technologies Isolation platform
US8104236B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2012-01-31 Worksafe Technologies Isolation platform
US20060260221A1 (en) * 2002-07-15 2006-11-23 Worksafe Technologies Isolation platform
CN100507191C (en) 2002-07-15 2009-07-01 工作安全技术公司 Isolation Platform
US8528261B2 (en) 2002-10-25 2013-09-10 Unisorb, Inc. Apparatus for isolating and leveling a machine foundation
US20040163333A1 (en) * 2002-10-25 2004-08-26 Whittaker Wayne H. Apparatus for isolating and leveling a machine foundation
US20040261333A1 (en) * 2002-10-25 2004-12-30 Whittaker Wayne H. Seismic restraint apparatus
US7757441B1 (en) 2002-10-25 2010-07-20 Unisorb, Inc. Apparatus for isolating and leveling a machine foundation
WO2005045140A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-05-19 Unisorb, Inc. Seismic restraint apparatus
US20060179729A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2006-08-17 Feng Li Shock absorbing support system
US20070044390A1 (en) * 2004-02-12 2007-03-01 Helmut Meyer Building
US20080048069A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2008-02-28 Gangtie Zheng Uncoupled vibrion attenuation/isolation devices
US8061692B1 (en) * 2007-05-22 2011-11-22 DIS Inc. Floor isolation system
US20140059951A1 (en) * 2009-09-10 2014-03-06 Alessandro Balducci Structural protection system for buildings
US20120047822A1 (en) * 2010-08-26 2012-03-01 Danny Chagai Zeevi Earthquake force absorption system
US8359793B2 (en) * 2010-08-26 2013-01-29 Danny Chagai Zeevi Earthquake force absorption system
US9399865B2 (en) 2011-06-29 2016-07-26 Worksafe Technologies Seismic isolation systems
US20130118098A1 (en) * 2011-11-11 2013-05-16 Michael C. Constantinou Negative stiffness device and method
US8857110B2 (en) * 2011-11-11 2014-10-14 The Research Foundation For The State University Of New York Negative stiffness device and method
US9206616B2 (en) 2013-06-28 2015-12-08 The Research Foundation For The State University Of New York Negative stiffness device and method
US20170241151A1 (en) * 2014-07-06 2017-08-24 Adnan Dogan Earthquake isolator
US10125510B2 (en) * 2014-07-06 2018-11-13 Adnan Dogan Earthquake isolator

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