US204066A - Improvement in knapsacks - Google Patents

Improvement in knapsacks Download PDF

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US204066A
US204066A US204066DA US204066A US 204066 A US204066 A US 204066A US 204066D A US204066D A US 204066DA US 204066 A US204066 A US 204066A
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Prior art keywords
knapsack
haversack
frame
straps
braces
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45FTRAVELLING OR CAMP EQUIPMENT: SACKS OR PACKS CARRIED ON THE BODY
    • A45F4/00Travelling or camp articles which may be converted into other articles or into objects for other use; Sacks or packs carried on the body and convertible into other articles or into objects for other use
    • A45F4/02Sacks or packs convertible into other articles or into objects for other use
    • A45F4/04Sacks or packs convertible into other articles or into objects for other use into tents

Description

3 Sheets-Sheet 1.

H. 0. MERRIAM.

Knapsack.

Patented May 21, i878.

N.PETERS, PHOTO-UTHOGRAPHER. WASHINGTON. t: c.

3 Sheets-Sheet 2.

H. 0. ME RRIAM Knapsack.

No. 204,066. Patented May 21,1878.

VENTOR G "-4;

762 ATTORNEYS N. PETERS. PHOTO-LITHOGRAPHER, WASHlNGTDN, D C.

3 Sheets-Sheet 3. H. 0. MERRIAM;

Knapsaok.

No. 204,066. Patented May 21,18?

INVE C? WITNESS fiy ATTORNEYS N-PEI'ERS, PHOTO-LITHDGRAPNER WASHINGTON, 0 c,

UNITED STATES PATENT QFFIGE.

HENRY C. MERRIAM, OF UNITED STATES ARMY.

IMPROVEMENT IN KNAPSACKS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 204,066, dated May 21, 1878; application filed June 18,1877.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, HENRY O. MERRIAM, of United States Army, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Knapsacks; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which-- Figure 1 is a perspective view of the inventionr Fig. 2 is a vertical section; Fig. 3, a horizontal section taken through the haversack and provision-boxes. Fig. 4 represents the side braces S joined together to form a shelter-tent pole. Figs. 5, 6, 7, and S represent views of theprovision-boxes; and Fig. 9 is a perspective view of the combined spoon and handle.

Similar letters of reference in the several figures indicate the same parts.

My invention has for its object to improve the construction of knapsacks, whereby they are more completely adapted to all the requirements of the army in respect to the comfort and convenience of the wearer.

To this end the invention consists, first, in the combination of a haversack with a knapsack, for the purpose of reducing the number of separate equipments, lessening the weight to be carried, and at the same time disposing it more uniformly, and leaving the body of the soldier freer and less hampered by straps and other fastenings.

It also consists in constructing the frame of the knapsack of sheet metal, made angular transversely, for the purpose of lightening and strengthening the knapsack, and to afford the necessary connections for the haversack, the knapsack-supporters, and connecting-straps.

It also consists in the construction of the haversack attachment and its equipage.

It also consists in improving the construction and method of using the knapsack-supporters for which Letters Patent No. 17 8,545 were granted to me June 13, 1876.

It also consists in the adaptation of the knapsack-supporters to be used for shelter-tent poles, as-I will presently describe.

In the accompanying drawings, A is the knapsack, made of leather, duck, or other proper material, and provided with a sheetmetal frame, B, made angular transversely, and arranged on that side of the knapsack next the back of the wearer. The covering is riveted or otherwise fastened to the frame in any secure manner, and forms the outer covering-flap O, clothing-flaps D D D, and haversack-flaps E. The lower end of the knapsackframe is extended to form the haversack-frame, and at each end thereof is provided with additional sheet-metal pieces F, by which rectangular recesses are made to receive the combined ration-cases and cooking utensils Gr G. Between these two rectangular recesses is formed the ration-pocket H of the haversack, of like or similar material as the knapsack. Its inner side and bottom edges are fastened to the metal frame-work; but its outer vertical angle is stiffened by metal strips I, or other suitable stiffening-pieces. The ration -cases G G are made deep enough to fit snugly within the recesses of the frame, and of such size and exterior shape as to conform to the ends of the ration-pocket, so that when they are in their places they shall form a uniform continuation of such pocket at each end, extending to the sides of the main frame, as shown. The cases are held in place and the pocket properly stretched by a bifurcated or double strap, J', the ends of which are fastened respectively to the stiffeningstrips I and the bottom of the pocket, as shown. Each double strap is drawn back across the corner of its case, so that the angle of the latter shall project between the bifurcations-that is to say, one part of the strap passes under the bottom and the other across the back edge of the case and is fastened by the buckle K to a strap, L, secured to the side of the main frame, as shown. To release either case it is only necessary to unbuckle and loosen these connections, as will be readily understood.

The protecting-flap E covers the cases G G as well as the pocket of the haversack.

While the ration -cases are the same in form, they are made to open in a different manner, one, G, having a large shallow side cover, M, which, wheirremoved, forms a plate, and the other, Gr, having a somewhat deeper end cover, N, which constitutes a drinkingoup when removed. The case G, I regard as best adapted to carry rations of meat 5 and the case G packages of sugar and coffee or tea but this is merely a matter of choice.

0 O are dovetailed loops secured to the edges of each case to receive the handle of spoon, made with a corresponding dovetail, as shown.

When the spoon is applied to the case Gr, it forms a handle to the latter, which can then be used as a frying-pan, and when applied to the case G the latter can be used as a coffeepot with a handle, as shown in Fig. 5 but I am aware that it is not new, broadly, to use a spoon for such purposes.

The usefulness of the spoon is not impaired by this arrangement.

By this means the utensils are adapted to a variety of uses, and the weight of the equipage is considerably decreased. By combining the haversack and knapsack in the manner described, the soldiers rations are kept clean and free from contact with his clothing, while the movements of the arms are not obstructed as they are when the clumsy and dirty regulation haversack is used, slung under the arm in the ordinary manner.

The interior of the knapsack is formed with a metal shelf, Q, near the top, upon which several packages of cartridges can be placed. Below ,the shelf the soldiers clothing is packed, and the whole covered by the flaps I) D D. The blanket is then placed upon these flaps and secured by the straps I P, after which the whole is covered by the outer flap O, secured by suitable straps to the bottom of the haversack. S S are the wooden side braces or supporters, the lower ends of which are stepped in leather sockets formed in the ends of the hip-strap T, and extending up to or toward the top of the knapsack, to which their upper ends are connected by the buckles and straps U U. Just above the center of the each brace it is further connected to the lower inner corner of the knapsack-frame by straps and buckles V V, the general position of the braces being inclined from the hips to a point more or less in rear of the wearers shoulders, according to the conformation of the man, the straps and buckles U V admitting of such adjustment. By this means of constructing and applying the braces, the knapsack can be more completely fitted and adjusted to all sizes and forms of men to insure their comfort and convenience than with the use of the braces shown in my patent of June 13, 187 6.

In addition to this, I design to use the braces for the poles of a shelter-tent, the two braces carried by one soldier forming one pole and the two carried by his comrade forming the other pole; and, in order to fit two braces togetherfor this purpose, they are provided with small leather loops W near the upper ends, which ends are beveled ofi' on one side.

When, therefore, the ends of two braces are overlapped and their beveled portions pushed firmly into the loops, they are securely wedged together to form a tent pole, as shown in Fig. 4.

The straps riveted to the side braces readily turn in their rivets, so that absolute interchangeability is secured. In case of breaking one or both of the side braces on the wearer, the straps X, which support the cartridgeboxes, may be unlocked from such boxes, and

temporarily turned upon their rivets and hooked into the buckles on the corner-straps, thereby providing a means for carrying the equipment until the injury can be repaired.

I claim as myinvention- 1. A haversack and knapsack combined in one structure, the two being formed in the same frame and inseparably connected, sub-, stantially as described.

2. A metallic-framed knapsack, the frame of which is extended to form the frame of a haversack, substantially as described.

3. The sheet-metal frame of the knapsack and haversack, constructed with end recesses for the reception of combined ration-cases and cooking utensils, substantially as described.

4. The end provision-cases G G, in combination with the recesses in the metal frame and the intermediate ration-pocket H, arranged within the frame of the haversack, substantially as described, for the purpose specified.

5. The combination of the buckle and straps J K L with the pocket H, cases G G, and frame of the knapsack, substantially as described, for the purpose specified.

6. The side braces S, combined with the knapsack by means of the straps and buckles U V and the sockets in the hip-strap T, substantially as described.

7. The side braces S, combined with the knapsack and haversack by means of the adv justable straps UV, substantially as described. 8. The side braces adapted to be united to form a shelter-tent pole by means of the beveled ends and the leather loops, substantially as described.

HENRY C. MERRIAM. Witnesses:

FRANK McKENNY, HARRY KING.

US204066D Improvement in knapsacks Expired - Lifetime US204066A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4307826A (en) * 1979-07-25 1981-12-29 Stewart Marvin L Quick disconnect hip supported backpack
US5090604A (en) * 1990-07-24 1992-02-25 The North Face Backpack device
US5160073A (en) * 1991-04-16 1992-11-03 James Bateman Packframe with diagonally suspended pack
US5161722A (en) * 1991-04-22 1992-11-10 Hembree Wayne A Adjustable backpack frame for counterbalancing pack load
US5762251A (en) * 1996-08-14 1998-06-09 Dana Design Ltd. External frame backpack with flexible harness
US5904282A (en) * 1996-08-14 1999-05-18 K-2 Corporation External frame backpack harness
EP1602299A1 (en) * 2004-06-02 2005-12-07 Berghaus Limited Rucksack
US20060011689A1 (en) * 2003-03-14 2006-01-19 Reid Lawrence C Backpack suspension system
US20080164293A1 (en) * 2003-08-12 2008-07-10 Matthieu Foissac Rucksack With a Belt Assembly Enabling Angular Pivoting
WO2009104078A3 (en) * 2008-02-22 2009-10-15 Modesto Crivellari Backpack
US20120192335A1 (en) * 2009-06-30 2012-08-02 Lineweight Llc Personal Load Distribution Device
FR2971129A1 (en) * 2011-02-03 2012-08-10 Herve Denis Ruffinati Backpack for carrying e.g. foodstuffs during outdoor recreational activity, has pre-balancing equipment receiving lever for compensating force opposing weight of load, and housing formed in strap to accommodate and hold lever
US20140319192A1 (en) * 2013-04-30 2014-10-30 Roman Malkov Backpack
US20150282597A1 (en) * 2014-04-03 2015-10-08 Richard Alan Schatz Carrying device with load transfer capability

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4307826A (en) * 1979-07-25 1981-12-29 Stewart Marvin L Quick disconnect hip supported backpack
US5090604A (en) * 1990-07-24 1992-02-25 The North Face Backpack device
US5160073A (en) * 1991-04-16 1992-11-03 James Bateman Packframe with diagonally suspended pack
US5161722A (en) * 1991-04-22 1992-11-10 Hembree Wayne A Adjustable backpack frame for counterbalancing pack load
US6179188B1 (en) 1996-08-14 2001-01-30 Dana Design, Ltd. External frame backpack with flexible harness
US5904282A (en) * 1996-08-14 1999-05-18 K-2 Corporation External frame backpack harness
US5762251A (en) * 1996-08-14 1998-06-09 Dana Design Ltd. External frame backpack with flexible harness
US20080245835A1 (en) * 2003-03-14 2008-10-09 The North Face Apparel Corp. Backpack suspension system
US20060011689A1 (en) * 2003-03-14 2006-01-19 Reid Lawrence C Backpack suspension system
US7287677B2 (en) 2003-03-14 2007-10-30 The North Face Apparel Corp. Backpack suspension system
US7770766B2 (en) * 2003-08-12 2010-08-10 Decathlon Rucksack with a belt assembly enabling angular pivoting
US20080164293A1 (en) * 2003-08-12 2008-07-10 Matthieu Foissac Rucksack With a Belt Assembly Enabling Angular Pivoting
EP1602299A1 (en) * 2004-06-02 2005-12-07 Berghaus Limited Rucksack
WO2009104078A3 (en) * 2008-02-22 2009-10-15 Modesto Crivellari Backpack
US20120192335A1 (en) * 2009-06-30 2012-08-02 Lineweight Llc Personal Load Distribution Device
US9185964B2 (en) * 2009-06-30 2015-11-17 LineWeight, LLC Personal load distribution device
US9603393B2 (en) 2009-06-30 2017-03-28 Lineweight Llc Personal load distribution device
FR2971129A1 (en) * 2011-02-03 2012-08-10 Herve Denis Ruffinati Backpack for carrying e.g. foodstuffs during outdoor recreational activity, has pre-balancing equipment receiving lever for compensating force opposing weight of load, and housing formed in strap to accommodate and hold lever
US20140319192A1 (en) * 2013-04-30 2014-10-30 Roman Malkov Backpack
US20150282597A1 (en) * 2014-04-03 2015-10-08 Richard Alan Schatz Carrying device with load transfer capability

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