US20170361268A1 - Char separator - Google Patents

Char separator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20170361268A1
US20170361268A1 US15/477,312 US201715477312A US2017361268A1 US 20170361268 A1 US20170361268 A1 US 20170361268A1 US 201715477312 A US201715477312 A US 201715477312A US 2017361268 A1 US2017361268 A1 US 2017361268A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
housing
char
reactor
flange
augers
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US15/477,312
Inventor
Oluwadare OLUWASEUN
David W. Fowler
Anthony F. TENORE
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Golden Renewable Energy LLC
Original Assignee
Golden Renewable Energy LLC
Golden Renewable LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201662318178P priority Critical
Application filed by Golden Renewable Energy LLC, Golden Renewable LLC filed Critical Golden Renewable Energy LLC
Priority to US15/477,312 priority patent/US20170361268A1/en
Priority claimed from KR1020197001860A external-priority patent/KR20190010725A/en
Priority claimed from JP2018566447A external-priority patent/JP2019529585A/en
Publication of US20170361268A1 publication Critical patent/US20170361268A1/en
Assigned to GOLDEN RENEWABLE, LLC reassignment GOLDEN RENEWABLE, LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: FOWLER, DAVID
Assigned to Golden Renewable Energy, LLC reassignment Golden Renewable Energy, LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: OLUWASEUN, Oluwadare, TENORE, Anthony F., TENORE, ANTHONY N.
Assigned to Golden Renewable Energy, LLC reassignment Golden Renewable Energy, LLC CORRECTIVE ASSIGNMENT TO CORRECT THE ASSIGNEE NAME PREVIOUSLY RECORDED AT REEL: 046323 FRAME: 0961. ASSIGNOR(S) HEREBY CONFIRMS THE ASSIGNMENT. Assignors: FOWLER, DAVID
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/14Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by absorption
    • B01D53/18Absorbing units; Liquid distributors therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G5/00Recovery of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from gases, e.g. natural gas
    • C10G5/02Recovery of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from gases, e.g. natural gas with solid adsorbents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D3/00Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
    • B01D3/08Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping in rotating vessels; Atomisation on rotating discs
    • B01D3/085Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping in rotating vessels; Atomisation on rotating discs using a rotary evaporator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/002Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by condensation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B47/00Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials with indirect heating, e.g. by external combustion
    • C10B47/28Other processes
    • C10B47/32Other processes in ovens with mechanical conveying means
    • C10B47/44Other processes in ovens with mechanical conveying means with conveyor-screws
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B53/00Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form
    • C10B53/07Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form of solid raw materials consisting of synthetic polymeric materials, e.g. tyres
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B7/00Coke ovens with mechanical conveying means for the raw material inside the oven
    • C10B7/10Coke ovens with mechanical conveying means for the raw material inside the oven with conveyor-screws
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G1/00Production of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from oil-shale, oil-sand, or non-melting solid carbonaceous or similar materials, e.g. wood, coal
    • C10G1/02Production of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from oil-shale, oil-sand, or non-melting solid carbonaceous or similar materials, e.g. wood, coal by distillation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G1/00Production of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from oil-shale, oil-sand, or non-melting solid carbonaceous or similar materials, e.g. wood, coal
    • C10G1/10Production of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from oil-shale, oil-sand, or non-melting solid carbonaceous or similar materials, e.g. wood, coal from rubber or rubber waste
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G70/00Working-up undefined normally gaseous mixtures obtained by processes covered by groups C10G9/00, C10G11/00, C10G15/00, C10G47/00, C10G51/00
    • C10G70/04Working-up undefined normally gaseous mixtures obtained by processes covered by groups C10G9/00, C10G11/00, C10G15/00, C10G47/00, C10G51/00 by physical processes
    • C10G70/046Working-up undefined normally gaseous mixtures obtained by processes covered by groups C10G9/00, C10G11/00, C10G15/00, C10G47/00, C10G51/00 by physical processes by adsorption, i.e. with the use of solids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10KPURIFYING OR MODIFYING THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMBUSTIBLE GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE
    • C10K1/00Purifying combustible gases containing carbon monoxide
    • C10K1/02Dust removal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2252/00Absorbents, i.e. solvents and liquid materials for gas absorption
    • B01D2252/20Organic absorbents
    • B01D2252/205Other organic compounds not covered by B01D2252/00 - B01D2252/20494
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G2300/00Aspects relating to hydrocarbon processing covered by groups C10G1/00 - C10G99/00
    • C10G2300/10Feedstock materials
    • C10G2300/1003Waste materials
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10General improvement of production processes causing greenhouse gases [GHG] emissions
    • Y02P20/14Reagents; Educts; Products
    • Y02P20/141Feedstock
    • Y02P20/143Feedstock the feedstock being recycled plastics

Abstract

The present invention relates to an apparatus that is part of a reusable fuel processing unit that allows the absorption of char contained within vapor that is leaving the reactor including a gear box, gearbox housing, support flange and seal, exhaust housing, exhaust port, connecting flange, screw top split housing, vertical steal housing, three augers with drive shafts on each auger contained within the steel housing, discharge flange, support ring, expansion cart, and cam followers.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/318,178, entitled “CHAR SEPARATOR,” filed Apr. 4, 2016. The entire contents and disclosures of this patent application is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
  • This application discloses material that is related to material disclosed in a nonprovisional application filed on Dec. 9, 2015, titled “Heated Airlock Feeder Unit”, incorporated herein in its entirety by reference as well as the non-provisional application filed on Dec. 9, 2015 titled “Cyclonic Cooling System” incorporated herein in its entirety by reference.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention
  • This application relates to an apparatus that is part of a re-useable fuel processing unit. This apparatus allows for the absorption of char contained within vapor that is leaving the reactor. The char, or carbon ash, that this apparatus allows for the absorption of, is created when the shredded plastic that enters the reactor makes contact with the reactor's hot surface area. As the shredded plastic makes contact with the reactor's hot surface, it is spread thin across the reactor's surface and the reactor's heat vaporizes the shredded plastic as it was designed to do. A thin layer of the shredded plastic as well as the contaminants contained within the shredded plastic is left behind on the reactor's steel tubing and as is cooked to a solid char and then becomes airborne. Small particles of char, 3 micron or smaller, become airborne and travel with the fuel vapors. This char is collected with the vapors and condensed into a liquid in high concentrations and makes the produced fuel an extremely thick liquid because the char is a solid particulate contained within the liquid. This particular carbon char is required to be removed from the fuel in order to produce a higher quality fuel. The know art typically uses the following methods to remove char from liquid fuel: filtering to remove larger particulate matter from the fuel, but filters will become clogged and require periodic cleaning; distillation which can remove 99.9% of the carbon matter, but distillation is a sub-process outside the reactor that raises the cost of producing the re-useable fuel; cyclone systems are often used and try to remove most of the particles but can only remove large particles and the cyclone requires a heat source to prevent the vapors from condensing and forming liquid that re-collect the char; and, bag filters that are to limited to the heat the filter bags can withstand and will fail if they absorb liquid fuel.
  • SUMMARY
  • The Char Separator consists of a gear box drive, gearbox housing, support flange and seal, exhaust housing, exhaust port, connecting flange, screw top split housing, vertical steel housing, three augers with drive shafts on each auger contained within the steel housing, discharge flange, support ring, expansion cart, and cam followers.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The accompanying drawing illustrates the preferred embodiments of the present invention according to the best mode presently devised for making and using the instant invention, and in which:
  • FIG. 1 depicts the Char Separator.
  • DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EXEMPLAR EMBODIMENTS
  • The Char separator eliminates the problems discussed above with the prior art. The Char Separator depicted in FIG. 1 consists of three screw conveyor augers FIG. 1 at 76 running in a vertical split tube FIG. 1 at 75 that are placed so that their flights intersect with each other. The augers FIG. 1 at 76 provide for a downward rotation, cleaning each other from buildup as their flights intersect. As the hot vapors leave the reactor and enter the vertical tube FIG. 1 at 76, they travel upward in the auger tubes FIG. 1 at 75. The vapors lose heat as they rise up the vertical tube. The temperature in the column is controlled so that the favored hydrocarbon chain vapors pass through the vertical tube and leave the vertical tube at the discharge FIG. 1 at 73 where the vapors are collected. As the vapors rise and the temperature of the vapors is reduced to the value at where a high carbon chain fuel will condense, it will collect on the augers FIG. 1 at 76 where the augers FIG. 1 at 76 will push the condensed fuel back to the reactor. The condensed hydrocarbon fuel is a sticky substance. The vapors flowing up the vertical tube FIG. 1 at 75 will travel across the sticky fuel condensed on the augers FIG. 1 at 76 where the sticky substance will catch the carbon ash that is traveling with the vapors as the carbon ash is constantly looking for a substance to which to make contact. The collected mass on the augers FIG. 1 at 76 is then forced down into the lower reactor where it returns to the reactor's heat returns to a heat zones through the discharge flange FIG. 1 at 77. The collected mass is then reheated in the lower reactor of the re-useable fuel apparatus in which it vaporizes, breaking high carbon chains into lower carbon chains. The lower carbon chains will then travel back through the vertical tube FIG. 1 at 75 and any carbon ash that travels with it will stick again to the augers FIG. 1 at 76 and be returned and any lower carbon vapors will pass through the vertical tube FIG. 1 at 75 and be discharged from the exhaust port FIG. 1 at 73 to the fuel cooling system. The amount of heat rise in the columns can be controlled by both the RPM of the augers and the outside insulation of the column. The auger gear drive FIG. 1 at 69 uses spur gears to control the rotation and timing of the augers FIG. 1 at 76. By controlling the heat in the vertical tube FIG. 1 at 75 the carbon-chain hydrocarbon fuel selected by the heat value chosen will be allowed to pass through. The construction of this vertical tube is unique in itself. It consists of three split tubes FIG. 1 at 75 encircling the augers in a clover shape. The shape is weld together and supported with outer bands FIG. 1 at 78 to keep the shape intact due to heat warping. The discharge gases are expected to be over 500 degrees Fahrenheit and may overheat the gear box FIG. 1 at 69. To prevent the gearbox oil from overheating an air gap FIG. 1 at 70 is designed in the unit. The vertical tube is attached to the lower reactor and travels with the reactors expansion, so it itself is supported with a rolling cart FIG. 1 at 79 located at its top. Where the column attaches to the reactor, that section of the reactor is smaller in diameter and uses a ribbon type flight to allow for faster removal of solids while allowing vapors to pass back through the ribbon flights 18. This section has a reverse rotation to the main auger located within the reactor where the main auger is pushing any dry char or heavy fuel deposits towards the char discharge. This section of the main reactor has two controlled heated zones that will re-heat and help in thermal cracking the high carbon chains that are pushed back into the main reactor by the Char Separator.

Claims (1)

1. An apparatus that is part of a reusable fuel processing unit that allows the absorption of char contained within vapor that is leaving the reactor comprising;
a gear box, gearbox housing, support flange and seal, exhaust housing, exhaust port, connecting flange, screw top split housing, vertical steal housing, three augers with drive shafts on each auger contained within the steel housing, discharge flange, support ring, expansion cart, and cam followers.
US15/477,312 2016-06-21 2017-04-03 Char separator Abandoned US20170361268A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201662318178P true 2016-06-21 2016-06-21
US15/477,312 US20170361268A1 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-04-03 Char separator

Applications Claiming Priority (20)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US15/477,312 US20170361268A1 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-04-03 Char separator
KR1020197001860A KR20190010725A (en) 2016-06-21 2017-06-21 Char separator and method
BR112018076624A BR112018076624A2 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-06-21 apparatus for processing reusable fuel, apparatus and method for cleaning coal carbon vapors
EP17814858.1A EP3472273A4 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-06-21 Char separator and method
JP2018566447A JP2019529585A (en) 2017-04-03 2017-06-21 Char separator and method
PCT/IB2017/053713 WO2017221180A1 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-06-21 Char separator and method
MX2018015963A MX2018015963A (en) 2016-06-21 2017-06-21 Char separator and method.
SG11201810958UA SG11201810958UA (en) 2016-06-21 2017-06-21 Char separator and method
AU2017282172A AU2017282172A1 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-06-21 Char separator and method
CN201780038052.XA CN109661452A (en) 2016-06-21 2017-06-21 Charcoal separator and method
US15/628,844 US10544367B2 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-06-21 Char separator and method
CR20190020A CR20190020A (en) 2016-06-21 2017-06-21 Coalcutter and method
CA3028115A CA3028115A1 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-06-21 Char separator and method
DO2018000286A DOP2018000286A (en) 2016-06-21 2018-12-17 Coalcutter and method
IL263806A IL263806D0 (en) 2016-06-21 2018-12-18 Char separator and method
CL2018003676A CL2018003676A1 (en) 2016-06-21 2018-12-18 Coalcutter and method.
ZA201900262A ZA201900262B (en) 2016-06-21 2019-01-15 Char separator and method
CONC2019/0000481A CO2019000481A2 (en) 2016-06-21 2019-01-17 Coalcutter and method
US16/263,088 US10633595B2 (en) 2016-06-21 2019-01-31 Char separator
US16/691,850 US20200102503A1 (en) 2016-06-21 2019-11-22 Char separator and method

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US15/628,844 Continuation-In-Part US10544367B2 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-06-21 Char separator and method
US16/263,088 Division US10633595B2 (en) 2016-06-21 2019-01-31 Char separator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20170361268A1 true US20170361268A1 (en) 2017-12-21

Family

ID=60661073

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US15/477,312 Abandoned US20170361268A1 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-04-03 Char separator
US16/263,088 Active US10633595B2 (en) 2016-06-21 2019-01-31 Char separator

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US16/263,088 Active US10633595B2 (en) 2016-06-21 2019-01-31 Char separator

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (2) US20170361268A1 (en)
EP (1) EP3472273A4 (en)
CN (1) CN109661452A (en)

Family Cites Families (124)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US836701A (en) 1906-01-12 1906-11-27 Frederick Oliver Oil-press.
US2458068A (en) 1943-11-25 1949-01-04 Welding Engineers System for the treatment of material
US2616519A (en) 1949-01-28 1952-11-04 Gen Electric Inertia type air cleaning device
GB766003A (en) * 1951-08-17 1957-01-16 Alfred Schack Recuperator for heating gases
US2916121A (en) 1953-08-28 1959-12-08 Philips Corp Overload clutch
GB931298A (en) 1959-07-17 1963-07-17 Blaw Knox Co Eddy current induction heater
US3151784A (en) 1961-10-24 1964-10-06 John P Tailor Rotary air lock
US3455789A (en) 1965-10-21 1969-07-15 Us Interior Process for continuous carbonization of coal
US3458321A (en) 1966-06-02 1969-07-29 Gen Mills Inc Method for extrusion cooking of food products
US3479797A (en) 1967-08-10 1969-11-25 Continental Oil Co Surge chamber for hydrocarbon recovery sorption systems
US3797702A (en) 1971-03-29 1974-03-19 J Robertson Scrap recovery and feed system
CH543732A (en) 1971-09-15 1973-10-31 Daester Fairtec Ag Means for conveying, gravimetric dosing and mixing free-flowing material with other free-flowing or liquid or paste materials
GB1404391A (en) 1972-01-10 1975-08-28 Andouart Soc D Ets Extrusion machine
US3962043A (en) 1972-02-23 1976-06-08 Metallgesellschaft Aktiengesellschaft Process for producing fine-grained coke by degasification of coal
SU509433A1 (en) 1974-03-26 1976-04-05 Институт Механики Металлополимерныхсистем Ан Белорусской Сср Granulator torch for processing polymer waste
US3981454A (en) 1975-07-07 1976-09-21 Williams Patent Crusher And Pulverizer Company Waste material processing apparatus
US4025058A (en) 1975-08-14 1977-05-24 Dai Nippon Toryo Co., Ltd. Continuous extruder for thermosetting resins
US4123332A (en) 1977-09-06 1978-10-31 Energy Recovery Research Group, Inc. Process and apparatus for carbonizing a comminuted solid carbonizable material
NO791174L (en) 1978-04-20 1979-10-23 Smidth & Co As F L A process for preparing anhydrous alumina
US4261225A (en) 1979-02-16 1981-04-14 Maplan Maschinen- Und Technische Anlagen, Planungs- Und Fertigungs-Gesellschaft Mbh Step-down transmission for driving a plurality of extrusion screws
US4426018A (en) 1981-06-17 1984-01-17 Ward Dean L Method and apparatus for recycling scrap
CA1197478A (en) 1982-05-26 1985-12-03 Graham B. Chivrall Cyclone separators
US4437046A (en) 1982-06-18 1984-03-13 Crompton & Knowles Corporation Extrusion drive control system
US4500481A (en) 1983-04-25 1985-02-19 At&T Technologies, Inc. Methods for controlling vinyl plastic extrudate
DE3444073A1 (en) 1984-12-03 1986-06-05 Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz Ag Method and plant for combustion of waste like home, industrial and special waste
FI82612C (en) 1987-05-08 1991-04-10 Ahlstroem Oy Process and apparatus for treating process gases
US4842126A (en) 1987-06-16 1989-06-27 Mcconnell Allan R Auger flight section
US5078857A (en) 1988-09-13 1992-01-07 Melton M Shannon Delayed coking and heater therefor
US5129995A (en) 1990-02-01 1992-07-14 General Motors Corporation Pyrolysis process and apparatus
DE4037301A1 (en) 1990-11-23 1992-05-27 Laack Gmbh Van Method for laying a shirt, in particular men's shirt, for packaging purposes
US5205225A (en) 1992-07-22 1993-04-27 Covenant Environmental Technologies, Inc. Apparatus for allowing thermal dimensional changes of metal parts in a retort mechanism
EP0662043B1 (en) 1992-09-26 1997-10-22 Robin Hamilton Compaction methods and apparatus
US5394937A (en) 1993-03-05 1995-03-07 Nieh; Sen Vortex heat exchange method and device
US5756871A (en) 1995-05-23 1998-05-26 California Engineering Consultants Co., Ltd. Treating method for converting wastes into resources and its equipment
US5732829A (en) 1996-04-12 1998-03-31 Marcor Management, Inc. Separation apparatus and method for granular material
US5762666A (en) 1996-04-18 1998-06-09 Amrein; David L. Feeder-air lock with slide gates
US5900224A (en) 1996-04-23 1999-05-04 Ebara Corporation Method for treating wastes by gasification
US5720232A (en) 1996-07-10 1998-02-24 Meador; William R. Method and apparatus for recovering constituents from discarded tires
JP3763648B2 (en) 1996-11-07 2006-04-05 東芝機械株式会社 Drive transmission device for twin screw extruder
BE1010851A3 (en) 1997-01-15 1999-02-02 Atlas Copco Airpower Nv LIQUID INJECTED COMPRESSOR at least two cooperating compressor elements.
US5993751A (en) 1998-06-02 1999-11-30 Moriarty; Jack Pyrolizer
JP2000001677A (en) 1998-06-17 2000-01-07 Murata Jiro Pyrolysis system for polymeric waste
US6387221B1 (en) 1998-06-25 2002-05-14 James D. Schoenhard Processing method and system to convert garbage to oil
US6270630B1 (en) * 1998-12-03 2001-08-07 Li Xing Process and apparatus for producing hydrocarbons from residential trash or waste and/or organic waste materials
US6221329B1 (en) 1999-03-09 2001-04-24 Svedala Industries, Inc. Pyrolysis process for reclaiming desirable materials from vehicle tires
DE29904409U1 (en) 1999-03-10 2000-07-20 Ghh Rand Schraubenkompressoren Screw compressor
AU4640699A (en) 1999-07-19 2001-02-05 Nuova Meccanica S.R.L. Process and apparatus for producing combustible gas from carbonaceous waste
ES2261256T3 (en) 1999-11-09 2006-11-16 Ishigaki Company Limited Spindle press.
EP1170354A4 (en) 2000-01-14 2004-04-21 Eiwa Country Environment Co Lt Dry-distilling/volume reducing device for wastes
US6276286B1 (en) 2000-10-10 2001-08-21 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Compression device for feeding a waste material to a reactor
US6455789B1 (en) 2001-02-02 2002-09-24 Smart Products, Inc. Shock-resistant electrical outlet
US6758150B2 (en) 2001-07-16 2004-07-06 Energy Associates International, Llc System and method for thermally reducing solid and liquid waste and for recovering waste heat
US6534689B1 (en) 2001-08-24 2003-03-18 Pyrocat Ltd. Process for the conversion of waste plastics to produce hydrocarbon oils
KR20030051913A (en) 2001-12-20 2003-06-26 엘지전자 주식회사 A method of processing alarm signal for communication system
DE10201869B4 (en) 2002-01-15 2005-08-11 Bayer, René Feeding device for chips and short cut fibers
US20040003481A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2004-01-08 Tarrant John W. Apparatus and method for collection of debris
DE10251677A1 (en) 2002-11-07 2004-05-19 Mann + Hummel Gmbh cyclone
US7692050B2 (en) 2003-03-28 2010-04-06 Ab-Cwt, Llc Apparatus and process for separation of organic materials from attached insoluble solids, and conversion into useful products
US7476296B2 (en) 2003-03-28 2009-01-13 Ab-Cwt, Llc Apparatus and process for converting a mixture of organic materials into hydrocarbons and carbon solids
US8877992B2 (en) 2003-03-28 2014-11-04 Ab-Cwt Llc Methods and apparatus for converting waste materials into fuels and other useful products
US7301060B2 (en) 2003-03-28 2007-11-27 Ab-Cwt, Llc Process for conversion of organic, waste, or low-value materials into useful products
KR100686370B1 (en) 2003-07-28 2007-02-22 구재완 Scrapped material thermal resolution device and method thereof
CA2444096C (en) 2003-10-01 2007-05-08 Manfred A. A. Lupke Externally cooled moving mold
PL1725633T3 (en) 2004-03-14 2019-06-28 Future Energy Investments Pty Ltd Process and plant for conversion of waste material to liquid fuel
US7144558B2 (en) 2004-07-01 2006-12-05 Biogas Technologies, Inc. Wood gasification apparatus
US7906695B2 (en) 2004-10-25 2011-03-15 Res/Op Technologies Inc. Biomass conversion by combustion
US7375255B2 (en) 2005-03-18 2008-05-20 Ernest Lee Rubber tire to energy pyrolysis system and method thereof
US7621226B2 (en) 2005-07-01 2009-11-24 Natural Resource Recovery, Inc. System and method for recycling waste into energy
AR057141A1 (en) 2005-09-28 2007-11-21 Cwt Llc Ab Depolymerization processing to convert organic waste products and non-organic into useful products
DE102006005354A1 (en) 2006-02-07 2007-08-09 Deere & Company, Moline transmission assembly
ITMO20060207A1 (en) 2006-06-27 2007-12-28 Wam Spa Auger to be used for conveyors, compactors and the like.
US7958820B2 (en) 2006-08-02 2011-06-14 Duperon Innovation, Inc. Compactor construction
US20080038071A1 (en) 2006-08-09 2008-02-14 Brandt Industries Ltd. Pneumatic conveyor for light weight particles
ITBO20060603A1 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-02-12 Giorgio Pecci Device for the transformation of solid substances having chemical bonds in long chains in mixtures of solid components and / or liquid and / or gaseous at short chains.
WO2008058137A2 (en) 2006-11-06 2008-05-15 Kostek Stanislaw Sr Methods and apparatus for pyrolyzing material
US9045693B2 (en) 2006-12-26 2015-06-02 Nucor Corporation Pyrolyzer furnace apparatus and method for operation thereof
US7893307B2 (en) 2007-02-23 2011-02-22 Smith David G Apparatus and process for converting feed material into reusable hydrocarbons
WO2008112306A1 (en) 2007-03-14 2008-09-18 Tucker Richard D Pyrolysis systems, methods, and resultants derived therefrom
US7963459B1 (en) 2007-06-01 2011-06-21 Sherry Raymond C Self-cleaning high pressure nozzle
AT505618B1 (en) 2007-10-22 2009-03-15 Erema Process for extrusion of plastic material and extruder
EP2276989A2 (en) 2008-04-03 2011-01-26 North Carolina State University Autothermal and mobile torrefaction devices
WO2009129233A2 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-10-22 Combined Solar Technologies, Llc Water reclamation system and method
KR101006224B1 (en) 2008-05-09 2011-01-07 구재완 scrapped material thermal resolution system and method thereof
US8200238B2 (en) 2008-06-17 2012-06-12 Trimble Navigation Limited System having doppler-based control of a mobile device
US20100200229A1 (en) 2009-02-10 2010-08-12 HAMCO Energy Corporation System and method for hydrocarbon recovery and extraction
US20110290057A1 (en) 2009-02-16 2011-12-01 Corcost Limited Gearbox
DE102009015380A1 (en) 2009-03-27 2010-09-30 Sms Siemag Aktiengesellschaft Continuous casting with heat shield
WO2011008074A1 (en) 2009-07-17 2011-01-20 Advanced Pyrotech Sdn. Bhd. An apparatus for decomposing rubber products through pyrolysis
EP2516592B1 (en) 2009-12-22 2018-06-13 Cynar Plastics Recycling Limited Conversion of waste plastics material to fuel
ES2362781B2 (en) * 2009-12-30 2012-09-28 Pirorec, S.L Procedure and installation for integrated recycling by depolimerization.
WO2012009783A1 (en) 2010-07-21 2012-01-26 Responsible Energy Inc. System and method for processing material to generate syngas
US8945350B2 (en) 2010-07-27 2015-02-03 Heritage Environmental Services Llc Induction heated screw
EP2665803B1 (en) 2011-01-23 2020-03-25 Pike Enterprises, LLC Self-sustaining pyrolysis system for energy production
EP2721098A4 (en) 2011-06-17 2015-04-01 Amit Tandon Method and apparatus for continuous recycling of waste plastic into liquid fuels
SG192290A1 (en) 2012-01-06 2013-08-30 Carbonexcel Pte Ltd Method and apparatus for torrefaction of biomass materials
US20140332363A1 (en) 2012-02-06 2014-11-13 Michael McGolden Method and system for gasification of biomass
BE1020311A3 (en) 2012-02-28 2013-07-02 Atlas Copco Airpower Nv Screw compressor.
US9079334B2 (en) 2012-04-27 2015-07-14 King Abdulaziz City For Science And Technology Integrated single and twin screw extruder
US20180056262A1 (en) 2012-07-03 2018-03-01 Amerge, Llc Chain drag system for treatment of carbaneous waste feedstock and method for the use thereof
US8801904B2 (en) 2012-07-03 2014-08-12 Aemerge, LLC Chain drag system for treatment of carbaneous waste feedstock and method for the use thereof
US9809755B2 (en) 2012-08-22 2017-11-07 The Bonnot Company Extruder for processing hydrocarbon-containing materials
CN202988144U (en) 2012-12-26 2013-06-12 朱天波 Conveyor
US9220798B2 (en) 2013-02-13 2015-12-29 Biosafe Engineering, Llc Pressurized screw system using air locks for waste disposal
US9275655B2 (en) 2013-06-11 2016-03-01 Avago Technologies General Ip (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. Timing error detector with diversity loop detector decision feedback
DE202013007632U1 (en) 2013-08-27 2013-10-15 Heinrich Wichelmann Metallbau Gmbh Device for driving at least one screw conveyor
US20150064297A1 (en) 2013-08-30 2015-03-05 Ko Win Yang Industrial Co., Ltd Extruder having a vacuum feeder
US10160912B2 (en) 2013-09-11 2018-12-25 Phillips 66 Company Processes for pyrolysis vapor upgrading
US9725655B2 (en) 2013-09-13 2017-08-08 Virens Energy, Llc Process and apparatus for producing hydrocarbon fuel from waste plastic
US9890907B1 (en) * 2013-12-02 2018-02-13 Marathon Petroleum Company Lp FCC catalyst cyclone sampling method and apparatus
US9394484B2 (en) 2013-12-13 2016-07-19 Frank Reed Pyrolysis systems
US20150259603A1 (en) 2014-03-12 2015-09-17 Jeffrey R. Hallowell Combined Heat, Power, and Biochar with Ventilator
EP3131726B1 (en) 2014-04-16 2019-11-13 SABIC Global Technologies B.V. Foaming technology in long glass fiber filled materials
US10101086B2 (en) * 2014-06-13 2018-10-16 Integrated Energy LLC Systems, apparatus, and methods for treating waste materials
US9365775B1 (en) * 2014-06-27 2016-06-14 Yags, Llc Waste recycling system
CN106661266A (en) * 2014-07-31 2017-05-10 杰富意钢铁株式会社 Thermal decomposition method for organic substances
US9624439B2 (en) 2014-08-10 2017-04-18 PK Clean Technologies Conversion of polymer containing materials to petroleum products
US20160068771A1 (en) 2014-09-04 2016-03-10 Ag Energy Solutions, Inc. Apparatuses, systems, cooling augers, and methods for cooling biochar
US9868597B2 (en) 2014-12-02 2018-01-16 Cnh Industrial Canada, Ltd. System and method for an air cart and rotary air lock
US9052109B1 (en) 2014-12-12 2015-06-09 Infinitus Renewable Energy, LLC Pyrolytic gas processor and tire conversion system therefrom
EP3245016A4 (en) 2015-01-12 2018-12-05 Aemerge LLC Infectious waste disposal
WO2017103018A1 (en) * 2015-12-18 2017-06-22 Solvay Sa Use of a catalyst composition for the catalytic depolymerization of plastics waste
CN105542830A (en) 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 潍坊金丝达新能源科技有限公司 Double-spiral continuous cracking furnace
US20170361558A1 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-12-21 Golden Renewable Energy, LLC Bag press feeder assembly
US10233393B2 (en) 2016-07-08 2019-03-19 Golden Renewable Energy, LLC Heated airlock feeder unit

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20190185760A1 (en) 2019-06-20
US10633595B2 (en) 2020-04-28
EP3472273A1 (en) 2019-04-24
CN109661452A (en) 2019-04-19
EP3472273A4 (en) 2020-01-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9631145B2 (en) Rapid thermal conversion of biomass
KR101103433B1 (en) Rotary annular crossflow filter, degasser, and sludge thickener
CN103874750B (en) The operation method of the process of synthetic gas is produced from carbonaceous material
US4344770A (en) Method and apparatus for converting solid organic material to fuel oil and gas
US7718038B2 (en) Retort heating method
CN102503055B (en) Treatment method and treatment apparatus of oily sludge
DE10049377C2 (en) Catalytic generation of diesel oil and petrol from hydrocarbon-containing waste and oils
US9347005B2 (en) Methods and apparatuses for rapid thermal processing of carbonaceous material
US8647401B2 (en) Steam reformation system
US20190170347A1 (en) Apparatuses for Controlling Heat for Rapid Thermal Processing of Carbonaceous Material and Methods for the Same
US20170095790A1 (en) Thermal processing reactor for mixtures, fabrication of the reactor, processes using the reactors and uses of the products obtained
US7621226B2 (en) System and method for recycling waste into energy
US20070181465A1 (en) Thermal recovery of petroleum crude oil from tar sands and oil shale deposits
CN104685033B (en) For will get dirty or it is non-get dirty hydrocarbon material separation and be converted to the mixing heat treatment process of useful products, technique uses, the manufacture of corresponding system and equipment
EP1879979B1 (en) Pyrolysis method and apparatus
US5871618A (en) Apparatus for reclaiming fuel oil from waste oil
US9321964B2 (en) Method and apparatus for the energy densification of a material in the form of divided solids, with a view to obtaining pyrolysis oils for energy purposes
JP2019113305A (en) Conversion of polymer-containing substance into petroleum product
US20080006519A1 (en) Method and system for accomplishing flash or fast pyrolysis with carbonaceous materials
US3677404A (en) Moving bed filtration method
Brassard et al. Pyrolysis in auger reactors for biochar and bio-oil production: A review
US20080006520A1 (en) Method and system for accomplishing flash or fast pyrolysis with carbonaceous materials
HU0302916A2 (en) Apparatus and method for recovering marketable products from scrap rubber
CN104496136B (en) Indirect heating and thermal desorption treatment device and method for oily solid waste
US20130075072A1 (en) Apparatuses and methods for controlling heat for rapid thermal processing of carbonaceous material

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: GOLDEN RENEWABLE, LLC, NEW YORK

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FOWLER, DAVID;REEL/FRAME:046323/0961

Effective date: 20141114

AS Assignment

Owner name: GOLDEN RENEWABLE ENERGY, LLC, NEW YORK

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:OLUWASEUN, OLUWADARE;TENORE, ANTHONY F.;TENORE, ANTHONY N.;REEL/FRAME:047033/0017

Effective date: 20181001

AS Assignment

Owner name: GOLDEN RENEWABLE ENERGY, LLC, NEW YORK

Free format text: CORRECTIVE ASSIGNMENT TO CORRECT THE ASSIGNEE NAME PREVIOUSLY RECORDED AT REEL: 046323 FRAME: 0961. ASSIGNOR(S) HEREBY CONFIRMS THE ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:FOWLER, DAVID;REEL/FRAME:048158/0637

Effective date: 20141114

STPP Information on status: patent application and granting procedure in general

Free format text: NON FINAL ACTION MAILED

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION