US20160106942A1 - Breathing mask and a sealing lip device for a breathing mask - Google Patents

Breathing mask and a sealing lip device for a breathing mask Download PDF

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Publication number
US20160106942A1
US20160106942A1 US14/965,943 US201514965943A US2016106942A1 US 20160106942 A1 US20160106942 A1 US 20160106942A1 US 201514965943 A US201514965943 A US 201514965943A US 2016106942 A1 US2016106942 A1 US 2016106942A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
patient
elastomeric
zone
shell
cushion
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Pending
Application number
US14/965,943
Inventor
Paris Melidis
Theodor Lauboeck
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ResMed R&D Germany GmbH
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ResMed R&D Germany GmbH
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Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to PCT/EP2000/001586 priority Critical patent/WO2001062326A1/en
Priority to EPPCT/EP2000/001586 priority
Priority to US22001803A priority
Priority to US12/320,484 priority patent/US8931484B2/en
Priority to US14/566,115 priority patent/US9242062B2/en
Application filed by ResMed R&D Germany GmbH filed Critical ResMed R&D Germany GmbH
Priority to US14/965,943 priority patent/US20160106942A1/en
Assigned to RESMED R&D GERMANY GMBH reassignment RESMED R&D GERMANY GMBH CHANGE OF NAME (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: MAP MEDIZIN-TECHNOLOGIE GMBH
Assigned to MAP MEDIZIN-TECHNOLOGIE GMBH reassignment MAP MEDIZIN-TECHNOLOGIE GMBH ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: LAUBOECK, THEODOR, MELIDIS, PARIS
Publication of US20160106942A1 publication Critical patent/US20160106942A1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=8163856&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=US20160106942(A1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Priority claimed from US15/593,934 external-priority patent/US10265488B2/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0616Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with face sealing means comprising a flap or membrane projecting inwards, such that sealing increases with increasing inhalation gas pressure
    • A61M16/0622Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with face sealing means comprising a flap or membrane projecting inwards, such that sealing increases with increasing inhalation gas pressure having an underlying cushion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0057Pumps therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0611Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with a gusset portion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0616Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with face sealing means comprising a flap or membrane projecting inwards, such that sealing increases with increasing inhalation gas pressure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/08Bellows; Connecting tubes ; Water traps; Patient circuits
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0683Holding devices therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M2016/0661Respiratory or anaesthetic masks with customised shape
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/02General characteristics of the apparatus characterised by a particular materials
    • A61M2205/0216Materials providing elastic properties, e.g. for facilitating deformation and avoid breaking
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/06Head
    • A61M2210/0618Nose
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/16Making multilayered or multicoloured articles
    • B29C45/1676Making multilayered or multicoloured articles using a soft material and a rigid material, e.g. making articles with a sealing part
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/48Wearing apparel
    • B29L2031/4807Headwear
    • B29L2031/4835Masks

Abstract

An elastomeric cushion for a breathing mask is configured for sealed delivery of a flow of breathable gas at a positive pressure with respect to ambient air pressure to an entrance of a patient's airways including at least an entrance of the patient's nares. The elastomeric cushion includes a sealing lip with an elastomeric wall configured to form a seal with the patient's face. An elastomeric wall thickness of the sealing lip is varied so that when the sealing lip sealingly engages the patient's face, a portion of the seal at the patient's nose bridge is formed by a relatively thin-walled portion of the sealing lip and other portions of the seal are formed by relatively thick portions of the sealing lip.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 14/566,115, filed Dec. 10, 2014, now allowed, which is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 12/320,484 filed Jan. 27, 2009, now U.S. Pat. No. 8,931,484, which is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/220,018, filed Aug. 26, 2002, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,827,990, which is the U.S. National Phase of International Application PCT/EP00/01586, filed Feb. 25, 2000, which designated the U.S. and that International Application was not published under PCT Article 21(2) in English, the entire contents of each of which are incorporated herein by reference.
  • BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY
  • The invention concerns a sealing lip device for a breathing mask, a breathing mask per se and a method and a mold for producing same.
  • In particular the invention concerns breathing masks which can be fitted to the nose region in sealing relationship and which have a sealing device extending in the region of the upper lip of the mask wearer between the mouth and the nose. Breathing masks are used in particular in the medical and technical areas for the feed of a respiratory gas, in particular under an increased pressure.
  • In those breathing masks, a seal in relation to the surface of the face of a wearer is usually achieved by a peripherally extending sealing lip made from an elastomeric material.
  • The sealing action achieved with a sealing lip of that kind generally increases with the pressure with which the sealing lip is pressed against the surface of the face. However the level of wearing comfort is adversely affected by comparatively high contact pressures. Depending on the respective sensitivity of the mask wearer long-term use of the known breathing masks gives rise to troubles.
  • The object of the present invention is to provide a breathing mask in which a high level of sealing action can be reliably achieved, with a high degree of wearing comfort.
  • In accordance with the invention that object is attained by a sealing lip device for a breathing mask having a receiving opening for receiving at least the nose tip region of a mask wearer, a sealing lip which is formed from an elastomeric material and which surrounds the receiving opening and which crosses the bridge of the nose in the application position and which has a contact zone provided for bearing against the face of a mask wearer, wherein the sealing lip is elastically yieldingly arranged in such a way that in the region of the bridge of the nose there is a higher degree of flexibility than in the region of the nostrils and/or the upper lip.
  • That advantageously affords a high degree of compatibility with the most widely varying facial architectures, with a high level of wearing comfort. The breathing mask according to the invention is distinguished in particular in the region of the bridge of the nose by a high degree of sealing integrity, without considerable pressures in relation to surface area occurring in that respect. The high level of sealing effect achieved in the region of the bridge of the nose effectively obviates in particular eye irritation effects and feeling the effects of drafts.
  • In accordance with a particularly preferred embodiment of the invention the defined flexibility of the sealing lip zone which fits on the region of the bridge of the nose is achieved by the sealing lip device being suspended in the region of that zone on a bellow structure. That bellows structure is preferably dimensioned in such a way that it forms an abutment device, upon suitably deep penetration of the bridge of the nose. The abutment surfaces which come into effect there are preferably such that they form a comparatively large contact area, at the latest in the inwardly resiliently deflected condition, so that even when the bellows structure becomes operative in the resiliently inwardly deflected condition, the arrangement does not involve any unacceptably high pressures in relation to surface area.
  • In a particularly advantage fashion, a hinge characteristic which is defined by different wall thicknesses is imparted to the bellows structure. Preferably the bend or hinge location is of a comparatively thin-gauge nature, whereas the zones which are disposed therebetween are slightly thicker. As an alternative thereto or also in combination with that measure, it is also possible to provide rolling bellows structures, by virtue of suitable wall thicknesses.
  • In a particularly advantageous manner the bellows structure has a plurality of fold indentations. Preferably at least one fold indentation extends from the region of the bridge of the nose into a region adjacent to the nostrils in the position of use of the mask.
  • Particularly when the structure has a plurality of fold indentations preferably at least one thereof extends around the entire periphery of the sealing lip device. The spring characteristic of the respective fold indentation can be definedly established for given peripheral zones in such a way that there is a higher level of flexibility in the region of the bridge of the nose and there is a lower level of flexibility in the region of the upper lip or in particular in the region of the nostrils. (Those orientations are with reference to the application position of the mask).
  • Particularly when using the bellows structure in the sealing zone region of the bridge of the nose, the sealing device is preferably designed in such a way that the flexibility of the sealing lip, which is in opposite relationship to the application direction, is so matched that there is an adaptation or articulation axis in the nostril or upper lip region. That makes it possible for the corresponding breathing mask to be fitted to the face of the mask wearer predominantly in the region of the zones of the face which are adjacent to the nostrils and on the upper lip, in which respect the preferably extremely thin-wall sealing lip zone which is provided for sealing at the bridge of the nose can be pivoted with respect to the mask frame, in accordance with the facial architecture. By virtue of the internal pressure obtaining in the mask, that pivotably supported sealing lip zone can then be uniformly pressed against the bridge of the nose of the wearer of the mask, without in that situation the occurrence of surface pressures which considerably exceed the internal pressure of the mask.
  • The particularly advantageous kinematics and hinge characteristic of the mask cushion or pad formed by the sealing lip device can in particular be achieved by local zones with a higher load-bearing capability being provided in the region of the sealing lip, which is adjacent to the nostrils or the upper lip.
  • In accordance with a particularly preferred embodiment of the invention the zones of higher load-bearing capability are formed by locally thickened zones of the sealing lip. The transition of the locally thickened zones is preferably effected along regions in the manner of the edge of a lens, or also in a shallowly terminating configuration, possibly without the transition between the zones being clearly perceptible.
  • In accordance with a particularly preferred embodiment of the invention the locally thickened zones are supported on a mask frame zone by way of a support structure which is formed in the sealing lip. That mask frame zone is preferably of a thick-wall nature and in that respect involves a wall thickness in the range of between 3 and 6 mm.
  • The zones of higher load-bearing capability are preferably of a pad-like nature, as is shown by way of example in FIG. 1 to which reference will be subsequently made in greater detail.
  • A form of support for the mask pad, which is particularly advantageous from ergonomic points of view is achieved if the zones of higher load-bearing capability, in the region of the face-contact zone, are each of a substantially crescent moon-shaped configuration. The limbs of those zones of higher load-bearing capability, which are provided in the region for bearing against the upper lip, are preferably of a shortened configuration in such a way that a zone of high elasticity and flexibility in opposite relationship to the application direction is provided in the region of the upper lip between the zones of higher load-bearing capability. That higher degree of flexibility can advantageously be achieved by also providing here a local fold structure or a correspondingly thin-walled zone.
  • In accordance with a particularly preferred embodiment of the invention the sealing lip device is mounted to a mask base body. The mask base body can also be formed from an elastomeric material, for example silicone rubber. In accordance with a particularly preferred embodiment of the invention however the mask base body is formed by a hard shell, for example comprising a fully transparent material. The hard shell preferably has a conduit connection facing in the application position towards the forehead region of the mask wearer. As an alternative thereto it is also possible for the hard shell to be provided with a central or lateral connecting structure for coupling a respiratory gas conduit.
  • Mounting the sealing lip device or the sealing pad to the hard shell or a mask base body is preferably effected by using a coupling structure. In accordance with a particularly preferred embodiment of the invention that coupling structure comprises, on the part of the hard shell, a peripheral bead portion and, on the part of the sealing lip device, a frame portion with a complementary receiving groove. The groove and the bead are preferably such that in the case of an expansion of the mask pad, caused by mask internal pressure, in the region of the coupling structure, there are surface pressures which are always higher than the internal pressure in the mask. That provides for a particularly reliable sealing action, without the addition of adhesives.
  • In a particularly advantageous fashion, there are provided means for fixing the position of the sealing lip device with respect to the hard shell in the peripheral direction. Those means can be formed for example by positioning projections or in particular by apertures in the peripheral bead.
  • A prestressing is preferably imparted to the sealing lip device, which prestressing is advantageously achieved by elastic deformation upon coupling to the hard shell. That makes it possible to definedly influence the deformation characteristics of the sealing lip device. In particular it is possible to prestress given zones of the sealing lip device in such a way that the formation of wrinkle folds in the region of the face-sealing zone is advantageously precluded.
  • In accordance with an advantageous embodiment of the invention the frame portion is such that it extends substantially in one plane. That permits the hard shell to be of a comparatively flat structure and allows the mask pad to be prestressed in a simple fashion.
  • As an alternative thereto however it is also possible for the mask arrangement to be designed in such a way that the frame portion is of a configuration which advances in the region of the articulation axis relative to the zone of high load-bearing capability. That makes it possible to already impart to the hard shell itself a configuration which substantially corresponds to the statistically most probable facial architecture.
  • Advantageously the wall thickness of the thin zone is in the range of between 0.65 and 1.85 mm. That wall thickness imparts to the mask a resistance to pressure which is sufficient even in the case of mask pressures in the region of 15 mbars.
  • The wall thickness of the zone of high load-bearing capability is preferably in the range of between 0.80 and 4 mm.
  • In accordance with a particularly preferred embodiment of the invention the mask pad is produced by a multi-stage mold cavity filling method. That makes it possible to impart to the zone of high load-bearing capability, a coloring which differs from the zone of low load-bearing capability. It is also possible to definedly match the mechanical properties of the materials respectively used for the respective zone.
  • The zone of high load-bearing capability is preferably formed by two elastomeric portions which project up from the lower corner region of the frame portion and which pass out into the sealing lip in the form of flat limbs. The sealing lip itself is preferably formed from an elastomeric material, in particular fully transparent silicone rubber. The outside surface of the mask pad, which comes directly into contact with the face of the mask wearer, is preferably of a velvety matt finish. That affords an improved feel when wearing the mask.
  • An embodiment of the invention which is particularly advantageous from manufacturing procedure points of view is afforded if the hard shell is injection molded to the sealing lip device. Besides particularly reliable coupling of the hard shell or the mask base body and the mask pad, that also precludes the formation of a gap, which is disadvantageous from bacteriological points of view.
  • In regard to a method of producing a sealing lip device for a breathing mask, the above-specified object is attained by an elastomeric material being introduced into a mold cavity formed by a mold, at least partially setting in the mold cavity, and being removed from the mold after opening thereof, wherein the elastomeric material is introduced into the corresponding mold cavity in two steps which occur in succession in time.
  • In that way it is possible to provide a mask pad which has a single sealing lip which in the application direction affords flexibility which is defined in accordance with the load-bearing capability and the statistically expected architectural variance of the corresponding zone of the face.
  • Advantageously, a carrier structure of the sealing lip device and a thin-wall zone of the sealing lip are formed in steps which are separate in terms of time, and possibly using materials involving different mechanical properties and possibly color.
  • Preferably the carrier structure is formed in a first injection step and the thin-wall zone is formed in a subsequent second injection step. The operation of introducing the respective material is preferably effected by injection or beforehand by suitably introducing same into the mold cavity to fill it.
  • The mold cavity which is provided for filling with the material forming the thin-wall zone is preferably defined by a mold which delimits the outside of a sealing lip being lifted off a core which delimits the inside of the sealing lip.
  • As an alternative thereto it is also possible for the carrier structure to be formed by a mold cavity which is defined by a core delimiting the inside of a sealing lip and an outer mold, wherein to form the thin-wall zone of the sealing lip the outer mold is changed and then the material for forming the thin zone is introduced into the mold cavity which is now present and which is intended for the thin-wall zone, and sets therein.
  • In the mold aspect of the invention, the above-specified object is attained by a mold for producing a sealing lip device for a breathing mask, comprising a mold core device which in conjunction with an outer mold defines a mold cavity having a fold portion.
  • It is advantageously possible in that way to produce the sealing lip device for example in the context of a fully automated silicone injection molding method.
  • In accordance with a particularly preferred embodiment of the invention the outer mold is of a multi-part nature. Preferably the outer mold comprises a mold half which delimits the outside surface of the sealing lip and a mold half which co-operates with said mold half and which delimits the rest of the region of the outside surface of the sealing pad. The inner region of the sealing pad is delimited by a preferably integral core device. With the described two-part embodiment of the outer mold, it is possible for an outer mold half to be withdrawn along a mold-opening axis which extends in a direction in opposite relationship to the side at the bridge of the nose or a direction remote from the upper lip sealing zone. The bellows zone which is locally provided in the region of the bridge of the nose and the mold-opening axis as well as the configuration of the coupling frame of the mask pad are preferably matched in such a way as to afford mold-opening angles at least in the region of 2°.
  • In particular in this case the outside of the sealing lip, which is towards the mask wearer, is preferably formed by an outer mold portion in conjunction with the mold core device, wherein the outer mold portion has a peripherally extending mold cavity channel which defines the outside of the sealing lip.
  • The outer separation edge of the mold cavity channel preferably extends in the region of the outer peripheral edge of the sealing lip. That advantageously avoids any burrs in the region of the face-contact surfaces.
  • In accordance with a particular aspect of the invention, an embodiment, which can be particularly advantageously implemented from production procedure points of view, of a leakage device for the discharge of at least partially consumed respiratory air into the ambient atmosphere is afforded by a breathing mask having a mask body and sealing pad device which is formed from an elastomeric material and which in conjunction with the mask body delimits a mask internal space and an outlet device for the discharge of at least partially consumed respiratory gas out of the mask internal space, wherein the outlet device has a flow path portion which is at least partially defined by the sealing pad device.
  • This measure can also be used independently of the above-described design configurations. Advantageous developments of this combination of the invention, which is independent per se, are set forth in the appendant claims.
  • Further advantageous configurations of the invention are recited in the appendant claims.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • Further details of the invention will be apparent from the description hereinafter with reference to the drawing in which:
  • FIG. 1a shows a perspective view of a mask pad in accordance with a first embodiment of the invention with a local bellows structure and pad-like zones of increased load-bearing capability in the region of the sealing lips adjacent to the nostrils in the application position,
  • FIGS. 1b, 1c and 1d provide illustration and accompanying explanation for the perspective view of FIG. 1 a,
  • FIG. 2a shows a simplified side view of a further breathing mask with a fold indentation and a frame portion extending substantially in one plane
  • FIG. 2b shows a simplified side view of a further breathing mask with a rolling bellows and a frame portion extending substantially in one plane,
  • FIG. 3a shows a simplified side view of a further embodiment of a mask pad, also with a bellows-like fold indentation and an indicated adaptation or articulation axis,
  • FIG. 3b shows a simplified side view of a further embodiment of a breathing mask with a fold provided only in the rear third of the mask pad,
  • FIG. 4 shows a simplified plan view of a sealing lip and diagrams for qualitative illustration of preferred matching of the load-bearing capability of the sealing lip,
  • FIG. 5a shows a view in section to describe a preferred embodiment of a fold region with a hinge characteristic established by zones of differing wall thicknesses,
  • FIG. 5b shows an enlarged view of a portion of the sectional view illustrated in FIG. 5 a,
  • FIG. 5c is a diagrammatic sketch showing the mechanics of the microsealing lip structure of FIG. 5 a,
  • FIGS. 6, 6 a, 6 b, 6 c, 6 d, 6 e, 6 f, and 6 g show diagrammatic views to describe preferred cross-sectional configurations in the case of a sealing lip device according to the invention,
  • FIG. 7 shows a diagrammatic view to describe the flexibility of the hinge-like suspension for a sealing lip,
  • FIG. 8 shows a diagrammatic view to describe a preferred measure for fixing the mask pad in the peripheral direction,
  • FIG. 9 shows a further diagrammatic view to describe a preferred structure of a mold in conjunction with advantageous configurations of a mask base body (hard shell),
  • FIG. 10 shows a simplified view in section to describe a fold portion with a plurality of fold indentations and a defined hinge characteristic,
  • FIG. 11 shows a perspective view of a further preferred embodiment of a breathing mask with a mask sealing pad provided with a local bellows structure,
  • FIG. 12 shows a perspective view of the breathing mask of FIG. 11 from below,
  • FIG. 13 shows a simplified view in section through the sealing device which is disposed on the upper lip, to describe the substantially smooth-wall transition of the sealing lip into the hard shell mask body,
  • FIG. 14a shows a simplified view in section through a sealing lip with integrated leakage opening,
  • FIG. 14b shows a simplified view in section through a sealing lip with integrated leakage opening, but with a flow path partially delimited by the mask frame,
  • FIG. 14c shows a simplified view in section through a sealing lip with integrated leakage opening, with a flow path which is formed in the mask frame and which passes into the sealing lip frame portion,
  • FIG. 14d shows a simplified view in section through a sealing lip with integrated leakage opening, but with mutually aligned passages in the hard shell and the sealing lip device,
  • FIG. 14e shows a simplified view in section through a sealing lip with integrated leakage opening, but with a portion which is extended upwardly in a bib-like configuration from the interior to a through opening, and with a through opening formed therein,
  • FIG. 14f shows a side perspective view of the sealing pad device of FIG. 14 b,
  • FIGS. 15a, 15b, 15c, and 15d show simplified diagrammatic views of preferred cross-sections of the flow paths, and
  • FIG. 16 shows a simplified diagrammatic view in principle to describe preferred leakage zones.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The sealing lip device which is shown in FIG. 1a and which is in the form of a mask cushion or pad 1 is made from an elastomeric material, here transparent silicone rubber.
  • The mask pad 1 includes a sealing lip 3 which extends around the nose receiving opening 2. The sealing lip 3 has an outer surface which is curved convexly in the embodiment illustrated here.
  • The sealing lip 3 is of such an arrangement and configuration that it has, of itself, zones of differing load-bearing capability. In the embodiment illustrated here that is achieved by suspension, which is flexible in opposite relationship to the application direction Z, of the sealing lip zone a provided for bearing against the bridge of the nose (see FIG. 1b ).
  • In addition thereto, in the region of the zone b1, b2 (FIG. 1b ) adjacent to the nostrils, the sealing lip 3 is of such a configuration that here it is of a higher load-bearing capability. That provides for pivotability of the mask pad about an adaptation axis X, which extends transversely through the mask pad in the region identified in FIG. 1b by the letter e.
  • The higher load-bearing capability is achieved here by zones 4 which are thickened in a pad-like manner and which here advantageously run into the sealing lip 3 in a crescent moon-like configuration. The zones 4 of higher load-bearing capability are respectively supported at a support wall portion 5 which is also comparatively thick-walled. The support wall portions 5 also form an integral component part of the mask pad 1 and are embodied in the form of thick-wall zones of the front peripheral wall which extends in the zones b1, c and b2.
  • The degree of flexibility in opposite relationship to the application direction decreases along the sealing lip 3, starting from the zones 4 of high load-bearing capability, to the zenith Q at the side at the bridge of the nose, and then slowly rises to the outer edge point R.
  • In the illustrated embodiment, the mounting of the zone a of the sealing lip 3, which is yielding in opposite relationship to the application direction Z, is achieved by means of a folding bellows structure of differing load-bearing capability.
  • The differing load-bearing capability is achieved here both by the geometry and arrangement of the bellows structure and also by a particular wall thickness configuration. That wall thickness configuration will be discussed in greater detail hereinafter in particular with reference to FIGS. 5a -6 g.
  • The mask pad 1 further includes a peripherally extending frame 8 provided with a fixing profile means which is of a complementary configuration to a fixing profile portion provided on a mask base body (not shown).
  • The peripheral length of the frame 8 and the configuration thereof around a central axis z of the mask pad 1 are selected in such a way that, in conjunction with a mask base body, the arrangement provides for defined prestressing of the mask pad 1, in particular a tendency towards forward curvature in an outward direction.
  • In the illustrated embodiment the wall thickness of the sealing lip 3 is in the range of between 0.6 and 3.2 mm.
  • The configuration of the peripheral edge u which borders the nose receiving opening 2 is selected in such a way that there are formed two segments s1, s2 (FIG. 1d ) which project inwardly slightly relative to the axis z of the mask.
  • By virtue of the configuration of the peripheral edge u being matched to the convex curvature of the sealing lip 3, it is possible to achieve a deformation characteristic with which an expansion of the sealing lip 3 in the region of the peripheral edge results in a definedly increased surface pressure against the face of the wearer of the mask.
  • Provided in a front end center region c is a further zone of reduced load-bearing capability. That definedly reduced load-bearing capability is afforded here by a markedly reduced wall thickness. It is also possible to provide local folding bellows structures or rolling bellows structures in the zone c.
  • A particularly preferred embodiment of a sealing lip device is afforded by virtue of the fact that integrated into the same are outlet openings 50, by way of which a defined flow of gas can flow away out of the interior (or plenum chamber) of the breathing mask. Those outlet openings are preferably of an outwardly conically tapering cross-section, as shown in FIG. 1 c.
  • Preferably, those outlet openings are initially closed for example by a thin film and are then opened as required for example by puncturing with a needle. As can further be seen from this sketch the mask pad 1 can be mounted to a mask base body 12 by way of a frame portion 8. For that purpose the arrangement preferably has a peripheral bead structure of a crochet needle-like cross-section and with rounded edges.
  • FIGS. 2a and 2b show side views of further embodiments of a mask pad 1. In those views, the frame 8 extends substantially in a flat frame-defining plane f.
  • The mask pad 1 also has in the sealing region of the bridge of the nose a local folding bellows structure 9 which provides for flexible suspension of the sealing lip 3.
  • A fold indentation 10 is also provided in the front region c (definition similar to the FIG. 1b ). The arrangement afforded in that way defines an adaptation and articulation axis X or an instantaneous center of rotation about which the sealing lip 3 can be elastically tilted. The arrangement here is such that tilt angles α in a range of up to 15° are possible. Besides the tilting movement itself the sealing lip 3 can also experience individual deformation, corresponding to the facial architecture. In particular the peripheral edge u of the nose receiving opening is stretched.
  • When relatively large tilt angles are involved, here the bellows structure becomes effective as an abutment device and limits in an also elastically yielding manner further engagement of the bridge of the nose into the mask pad 1.
  • The bellows structure 9 has the greatest indentation depth t in the region of the end which is towards the bridge of the nose. That indentation depth t gradually decreases to the front end E of the bellows structure 9.
  • In the embodiment illustrated here, the end of the bellows structure 9 is of a rounded configuration. Advantageously, provided in the region of the front end E of the fold indentation is a microfold structure e which provides for a more uniform reduction in stresses in the material in that region. That affords improved durability.
  • FIG. 3a shows a further embodiment of a mask pad 1 in conjunction with a mask body 12 which is only indicated.
  • This embodiment also has a local folding bellows structure 9. The geometry of this bellows structure 9 is so selected that the fold flanks 9 a, 9 b extend inclinedly relative to each other. Overall in this case also the indentation depth t in the region of the end towards the bridge of the nose is larger than in the other regions. The mask pad 1 also defines an adaptation axis X which extends in the region of the zones c1, b2 and c at the level of the nostrils of the wearer of the mask.
  • The mask pad 1 also has a higher degree of flexibility in opposite relationship to the application direction Z by virtue of the suspension arrangement provided here for suspending the sealing lip 3 at a local bellows structure 9, in the region of the zone a which seals off the bridge of the nose.
  • FIG. 3b shows a further view of a breathing mask with a mask pad 1 according to the invention. The mask pad 1 is here fixed by way of a frame 8 to a mask base body 12. A bellows structure 9 is provided here in the region of the portion of the sealing lip 3 which seals off the bridge of the nose. In a departure from the above-described embodiments in this case also the peripheral wall of the mask pad is also of thin-wall configuration in the region of the bellows structure 9. The mask pad 1 is stretched onto the mask base body 12 with considerable expansion and stretching of the frame 8.
  • FIG. 4, in conjunction with a plan view onto a half of the sealing lip 3, illustrates the load-bearing capability and the flexibility of the mask pad 1.
  • The lowest level of flexibility E of the mask pad 1 obtains in the region b. The highest level of flexibility obtains in the region a which covers over the bridge of the nose and the upper side flanks of the nose of the mask wearer. Obtaining in the region c in addition to the flexibility in opposite relationship to the application direction Z there is also a relatively high level of flexibility in the radial direction.
  • The adaptation axis A extends through the zone b of relatively high load-bearing capability. When a predetermined depth of penetration into the mask pad 1 is exceeded, the bellows structure becomes operative in a region d as an abutment device and in that case causes a rapid rise in the pressure force F transmitted by way of the sealing lip 3, as is indicated by the dash-dotted line portion fl.
  • The particular mechanical properties of the suspension arrangement for the sealing lip 3 are preferably determined by the wall thickness in the region of the bellows structure 9 and by the indentation depth and the orientation of the bellows flanks 9 a, 9 b (FIG. 3a ).
  • FIGS. 5a and 5c show a preferred configuration of the wall thicknesses of the bellows structure 9. The mask pad 1 is fixed to a mask base body 12 in this case by way of a rounded profile structure 12 a which extends along the frame 8. In the illustrated embodiment that profile structure 12 a is of a crochet needle-like cross-section. Provided at least in a portion-wise manner in the region of the contact zone between the frame 8 and the mask base body 12 are peripherally extending profile legs 15 which, even in the case of a considerable relative movement, provide a secure sealing action.
  • Beneath the frame 8 there is initially a thick-wall portion 16 which gradually reduces to a first bellows hinge location or vertex 17. That bellows hinge location or vertex 17 is adjoined by a first bellows flank limb 9 b. That bellows flank limb 9 b has in cross-section zones of differing wall thickness and extends to a bellows inner hinge location 18 defined by a thin-walled zone. The variable wall thickness of the flank limb 9 b forms an indentation region or thin wall portion 77 that promotes a hinged motion around the hinge location or vertex 17 (see FIG. 5a ).
  • The bellows inner hinge location or vertex 18 is in turn adjoined by a second bellows flank limb 9 a which also has zones of differing wall thickness. The variable wall thickness of the flank limb 9 a forms another internal indentation region or thin wall portion 78 that promotes a hinged motion around the hinge location or vertex 18.
  • Finally, the sealing lip 3 is suspended on the second bellows flank limb 9 a at a vertex 79. The sealing lip 3 is here extremely thin-walled in comparison with the bellows structure 9.
  • The sealing pad cross-section illustrated here corresponds in qualitative terms to the sealing pad cross-section in the region of the zone identified as a1 in FIG. 4.
  • In the course of applying the mask pad to the face of a mask wearer, the sealing lip 3 firstly bears against the face. The bellows flank limbs 9 a, 9 b are then deflected resiliently inwardly, corresponding to the depth of engagement of the bridge of the nose, as illustrated by the arrows P1 and P2. In the case of particularly deep engagement of the bridge of the nose the inner surface of the sealing lip 3 possibly comes into contract in the region of the zone k with the inside surface, which faces theretowards, of the bellows flank limb 9 b. The bellows flank limb 9 b in turn can bear on the outside surface, which faces theretowards, of the bellows flank limb 9 a.
  • The kinematics of the sealing pad suspension configuration will be clear by reference to FIG. 5c . Thus the frame can be viewed as a fixed suspension means K1 at which the bellows flank limb 9 b is mounted pivotably at the hinge location or vertex 17. The inherent elasticity of the elastomeric material in the region of the hinge location or vertex 17 is symbolically indicated by the spring F1.
  • The bellows inner hinge location or vertex 18 also involves an inherently elastic characteristic which is indicated by the spring F2. The loose mounting K2 and the spring F3 are due to the fact that this involves a spatial, ring-like structure which also carries forces in the radial direction.
  • The hinge location or vertex 18 is adjoined by the bellows flank limb 9 a and the same is adjoined by the diaphragm-like sealing lip 3.
  • As illustrated in FIG. 5b , provided along the inner peripheral edge u is a microsealing lip structure by which a sealing edge which terminates in a thin configuration is slightly prestressed outwardly. The microsealing lip structure has a bead portion 19 which increases the resistance to tearing of the sealing lip 3.
  • The mechanics of this microsealing lip structure is indicated in FIG. 5c by a spring F4 and a hinge location 20. The sealing lip which is elastically suspended in that way, as indicated by the small arrows, can be urged, flexibly against the surface of the face of the mask wearer, as a consequence of the internal pressure obtaining in the interior (or plenum chamber) of the mask.
  • As can be seen from FIG. 6 the mask pad 1 is preferably of differing cross-sections along its configuration around the axis Z of the mask, as is diagrammatically indicated here.
  • The cross-section illustrated in FIG. 6a has a marked hinge characteristic with abutment properties.
  • The cross-section illustrated in FIG. 6b already has a lower hinge characteristic and a smaller fold indentation.
  • In the regions of the cross-sections illustrated in FIGS. 6c and 6d the bellows property decreases still further.
  • The higher load-bearing capability of the cross-sections illustrated in FIGS. 6d and 6e is achieved by local thickenings R1, R2 which extend lens-like into the sealing lip. In the zones of high load-bearing capability, it is possible to forego the bellows structure, as has happened here.
  • The alternative cross-sections illustrated in FIGS. 6f and 6g are such that there is flexibility in the directions r1 and r2 indicated here. That affords improved adaptability, in terms of the upper lip architecture, immediately beside the load-bearing zones.
  • It is also possible for the bellows structure 9 to be of a thin-wall nature. The kinematics of a structure of that kind is diagrammatically shown in FIG. 7. The diaphragm-like sealing lip 3 is here suspended on two limbs (bellows flank limb 9 a, 9 b). This embodiment, even with low internal pressures in the mask, guarantees a high level of adaptability. The elasticity characteristics are illustrated, with reference to a unit force, for all loading angles, by the polar diagrams II1, II2 which are diagrammatically shown here. As can be seen, a defined degree of adaptability is afforded by the suspension arrangement according to the invention for the sealing lip 3, not only in opposite relationship to the application direction Z but also in all other directions. The location vectors π1, π2, π3 and π4 clearly show that flexibility in the region of the bellows inner hinge location or vertex 18. The mobility options of the bellows inner hinge location or vertex 18 are also transmitted (under the influence of the mask pad peripheral forces) to the suspension region of the sealing lip 3.
  • FIG. 8 diagrammatically shows a profile structure 21 which is provided in respect of a mask base body 12 and which advantageously provides for reliable fixing of the mask pad in the peripheral direction. The illustrated embodiment for that purpose has a plurality of individual fixing projections 22 along the periphery of the mask base body 12. As an alternative thereto or also in combination with that measure, it is also possible to provide further fixing means, in particular peg-like projections.
  • FIG. 9 shows in greatly simplified form the structure of a mold for producing the mask base body 12. By virtue of the aperture in the peripheral bead 23 in the region of the respective strap loops, it is possible for the strap loops to be injection molded integrally with the mask base body 12, without the need for sliding mold portions in that respect.
  • In the embodiment of the mask base body 12 diagrammatically illustrated here, provided in parallel with a respiratory gas passage 24 is a secondary passage 25 by way of which for example pressure measurement can be effected, without reductions in cross-section occurring in that case.
  • The tool here is of a three-part construction and includes an upper mold half 26, a lower mold half 27 and a sliding mold portion 28 which can be withdrawn in the direction r3 from the respiratory gas passage 24.
  • Although the invention has been described hereinbefore with reference to preferred embodiments in which there is a single fold indentation which does not extend around the entire periphery of the mask pad, the invention is not limited to embodiments of that kind.
  • For example it is possible for the bellows structure to be provided with a plurality of fold indentations, of which possibly one or more extend around the entire periphery of the mask pad.
  • An example of a corresponding cross-sectional configuration is shown in FIG. 10. The mask pad 1 which is here fixed to a mask base body 12 which is only indicated in respect of a portion thereof, by way of a peripheral bead structure of a crochet needle-like cross-section, has two local fold indentations 39, 49. The wall of those local fold indentations 39, 49 is matched in regard to a defined hinge and flexibility characteristic.
  • In this embodiment the sealing lip 3 is of a comparatively thick-wall nature. That cross-section is suitable in particular for silicone rubber material with an extremely low Shore hardness.
  • The breathing mask shown in FIG. 11 includes a mask base body 12 which is made from a preferably fully transparent thermoplastic material. Provided in a wall portion which in the application position of the mask is adjacent to the forehead region of the mask wearer is a connecting portion 60 which here is of a polygonal cross-section.
  • The sealing pad device 3 is fixed to the mask base body 12 by way of a peripheral bead structure (not visible here). The sealing pad device 3 has a bellows structure which extends locally from the upper end region to an adaptation axis A. Provided in the region of the adaptation axis A on both sides of the sealing pad are zones of higher load-bearing capability which are formed by thicker-walled, spherically curved zones of the sealing pad device.
  • For the purposes of fitting the breathing mask to the face of a mask wearer, provided at both sides of the mask are fixing devices 61, by way of which a head band 61 a can be coupled to the breathing mask.
  • On its top side the mask body 12 is provided with a projection 62 by which the mask body generally is stiffened, thereby affording an improved characteristic in terms of sound conduction through solids.
  • Also provided in the region of the top side of the mask body 12 are a plurality of outlet openings 63, 64, by way of which a low-noise, directed discharge flow of partially consumed respiratory air can occur from the interior (or plenum chamber) of the mask. The discharge of that leakage gas flow is promoted by a break-away edge 65 of a spoiler-like configuration. The openings 64 direct the flow substantially in the direction indicated by the arrow P1. The openings 63 which are also provided on the opposite side (not visible here) of the projection 62 open in the directions P2 and P3.
  • FIG. 12 shows the breathing mask of FIG. 11 from a direction of view which is directed inclinedly from below onto the zone 4 of high load-bearing capability. It is also possible to see here, beside the local bellows structure 9, the region of the sealing lip 3 which bears against the face of the mask wearer. In the region of the zone a the mask is distinguished by a high level of adaptability to different nose bridge heights. In the zones b1 and b2 the mask pad 1 is supported in a defined manner against the face of the mask wearer. In the region c once again there is a higher level of flexibility and a higher degree of adaptability to different upper lip contours.
  • The mask pad is of such a design configuration that there is a relief of load in the region of the zones b1 and b2, as a consequence of the internal pressure in the mask which occurs in the context of over-pressure artificial respiration. The surface pressure of the mask pad in the region of the zones a and c is substantially determined by the internal pressure in the mask. In the peripheral direction the sealing pad 1 has a high level of radial stiffness whereby the tendency to oscillation of the sealing pad in relation to alternating artificial respiration pressures is markedly reduced.
  • FIG. 13 is a greatly simplified view in section through the region of the sealing lip device 3, which fits on the upper lip 70 of a mask wearer. In a transitional region from the sealing pad device into the hard shell body 12, the configuration of the cross-sections of the sealing pad device 3 and the hard shell body 12 is such that there is a substantially smooth transition in respect of the respective internal surfaces. That ensures a favorable flow path directly in the region of the nostrils of the mask wearer.
  • As indicated, in this case also there is a local bellows structure 66 which ensures improved adaptability to different upper lip architectures.
  • FIG. 14a shows a portion of the arrangement illustrating the transitional region between the hard shell body 12 and the sealing pad device 1. Formed directly in the sealing pad device 1 is a leakage opening 67 which is here of a cross-section which decreases in the discharge direction. The cross-sections of that leakage opening 67 are preferably of the configuration diagrammatically shown in FIG. 15.
  • FIG. 14b shows a further embodiment of a leakage opening 68 which is integrated into the sealing pad device 1. In the embodiment illustrated here a wall formed by the hard shell body 12 extends into the flow path. This embodiment can be cleaned in a particularly advantageous manner as the flow path is exposed over a large area after removal of the sealing pad device 1 from the hard shell body 12. Illustrated FIG. 14f is a view of a detail of that sealing pad, in the direction of view identified as x1. As can be seen therein the peripheral bead 12 a of the hard shell body 12 extends partially into the recess 69 formed in the cushion pad device 1.
  • In the embodiment shown in FIG. 14c , provided in the region of the joint between the hard shell body 12 and the sealing pad device 1 in the hard shell body is a channel portion 76 by way of which there can be a discharge flow of gas, as indicated by dash-dotted lines. The exit region of the channel portion 76, as illustrated, opens into an outlet passage 71 which is defined jointly by the sealing pad device 3 and the hard shell body 12.
  • In the embodiment shown in FIG. 14d , provided in the hard shell body 12 is at least one outlet passage 72 which goes into an aligned discharge passage 73 in the sealing device 1.
  • FIG. 14e shows an embodiment of a leakage device in which a wall portion 74 which is integral with the sealing pad device 1 is taken from the interior (or plenum chamber) to an outlet opening region 75 of the hard shell body 12. That wall portion 74 is here provided with an outlet opening 67 which tapers conically in the discharge direction and which is arranged coaxially with respect to a preferably considerably larger outlet opening 75 a.
  • The flow paths described with reference to FIGS. 14a through 14e are preferably of at least one of the cross-sections 78-84 diagrammatically shown in FIGS. 15a -15 d.
  • FIG. 16 indicates a preferred location for providing the discharge flow openings which are provided jointly with the sealing pad device 1 or also separately therefrom. Preferably the discharge flow occurs in the region of the zone c in combination with the zones b1 and b2, but preferably larger volume flows are admitted in the region c.
  • While the invention has been described in connection with what is presently considered to be the most practical and preferred embodiment, it is to be understood that the invention is not to be limited to the disclosed embodiment, but on the contrary, is intended to cover various modifications and equivalent arrangements included within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

Claims (30)

1. An elastomeric cushion for a breathing mask configured for sealed delivery of a flow of breathable gas at a positive pressure with respect to ambient air pressure to an entrance of a patient's airways including at least an entrance of the patient's nares, the elastomeric cushion having zones of differing load-bearing capability, wherein a first zone includes a zenith of the cushion, a second zone is positioned opposite the first zone and a pair of intermediate zones extend between the first and second zones, the elastomeric cushion comprising:
a peripherally extending shell engaging portion configured to secure the elastomeric cushion to a shell of the breathing mask;
a peripheral wall extending from the shell engaging portion and defining a plenum chamber, a portion of the peripheral wall in the first zone being more collapsible that portions of the peripheral wall in the second zone and the intermediate zones so that the cushion is pivotable around an axis that is between the first zone and the second zone and extends through the pair of intermediate zones; and
an engagement surface defining an opening to the breathing chamber and being configured to engage the patient's face, the peripheral wall extending from the shell engaging portion to the engagement surface,
wherein portions of the engagement surface in the first zone and the second zone have a relatively thin elastomeric wall compared to elastomeric walls of the portions of the elastomeric surface in the pair of intermediate zones.
2. The elastomeric cushion of claim 1, wherein the portion of the engagement surface in the first zone is configured to engage a bridge of the patient's nose.
3. The elastomeric cushion of claim 1, wherein the shell engaging portion is configured to be secured to the shell of the breathing mask by way of a projection and groove system, the projection and groove system comprising a plurality of projections interlocking with a plurality of receiving grooves around a periphery of the shell and a periphery of the cushion.
4. The elastomeric cushion of claim 1, wherein the portion of the peripheral wall in the first zone comprises a bellows structure.
5. The elastomeric cushion of claim 1, wherein the portion of the engagement surface in the second zone is configured to engage the patient's upper lip or a region between the patient's nose and upper lip.
6. The elastomeric cushion of claim 1, wherein a cross-section of the elastomeric walls of the peripheral wall taken along a line from the shell engaging portion to the engagement surface has a varied thickness.
7. The elastomeric cushion of claim 1, wherein the portion of the engagement surface in the first zone is configured to engage a bridge of the patient's nose,
wherein the shell engaging portion is configured to be secured to the shell of the breathing mask by way of a projection and groove system, the projection and groove system comprising a plurality of projections interlocking with a plurality of receiving grooves around a periphery of the shell and a periphery of the cushion,
wherein the portion of the peripheral wall in the first zone comprises a bellows structure,
wherein the portion of the engagement surface in the second zone is configured to engage the patient's upper lip or a region between the patient's nose and upper lip, and
wherein a cross-section of the elastomeric walls of the peripheral wall taken along a line from the shell engaging portion to the engagement surface has a varied thickness.
8. A patient interface for sealed delivery of a flow of breathable gas at a positive pressure with respect to ambient air pressure to an entrance to the patient's airways including at least an entrance of a patient's nares, said patient interface comprising:
the elastomeric cushion of claim 1;
the patient interface shell configured to be secured to the shell engaging portion of the elastomeric cushion, the patient interface comprising a central aperture adapted to receive the flow of breathable gas; and
headgear configured to support the patient interface on the patient's head and maintain the elastomeric cushion in sealing contact with an area surrounding an entrance to the patient's airways while maintaining a therapeutic pressure at the entrance to the patient's airways.
9. The patient interface of claim 8, wherein the plenum chamber is defined by the patient interface shell in conjunction with the peripheral wall of the elastomeric cushion, and the plenum chamber is pressurized at a pressure above ambient pressure.
10. The patient interface of claim 8, further comprising a gas washout vent located on the patient interface shell, and wherein the patient interface shell is comprised of a hard and transparent material.
11. An elastomeric cushion for a breathing mask configured for sealed delivery of a flow of breathable gas at a positive pressure with respect to ambient air pressure to an entrance of a patient's airways including at least an entrance of the patient's nares, the elastomeric cushion being configured to form a seal with the patient's face and comprising:
a first zone comprising a portion of an elastomeric wall configured to sealingly engage a bridge of the patient's nose;
a second zone comprising a second portion of the elastomeric wall configured to sealingly engage the patient's face at a location opposite the first zone; and
a pair of intermediate zones comprising portions of the elastomeric wall configured to sealingly engage the patient's face between the first and second zones,
wherein the portions of the elastomeric wall in the first zone, the second zone and the pair of intermediate zones are configured so that portions of the seal in the first and second zone are formed by relatively thin elastomeric walls and portions of the seal in the pair of intermediate zones are formed by relatively thick elastomeric walls.
12. The elastomeric cushion of claim 11, wherein the relatively thick portions of the elastomeric wall in the pair of intermediate zones has a higher load bearing capability than the relatively thin portions of the elastomeric wall in the first and second zones.
13. The elastomeric cushion of claim 11 further comprising a bellows structure overlapping the first zone and configured to increase a degree of flexibility of the portion of the elastomeric wall in the first zone.
14. The elastomeric cushion of claim 13, wherein the bellows structure overlaps portions of the intermediate zones.
15. The elastomeric cushion of claim 11, wherein the first zone, the second zone and the pair of intermediate zones together define an opening in the elastomeric cushion.
16. A patient interface for sealed delivery of a flow of breathable gas at a positive pressure with respect to ambient air pressure to an entrance to the patient's airways including at least an entrance of a patient's nares, said patient interface comprising:
a patient interface shell with a central aperture adapted to receive the flow of breathable gas;
the elastomeric cushion of claim 11; and
a plenum chamber defined by the elastomeric cushion and the patient interface shell, the plenum chamber being pressurized at a pressure above ambient pressure.
17. The patient interface of claim 16, wherein the elastomeric cushion and the patient interface shell are secured together by a projection and groove system, the projection and groove system comprising a plurality of projections interlocking with a plurality of receiving grooves around a periphery of the shell and a periphery of the cushion.
18. The patient interface of claim 17 further comprising headgear configured to support the patient interface on the patient's head and maintain the elastomeric cushion in sealing contact with an area surrounding an entrance to the patient's airways while maintaining a therapeutic pressure at the entrance to the patient's airways.
19. The patient interface of claim 18, further comprising a gas washout vent located on the patient interface shell.
20. The patient interface of claim 19, wherein the shell is comprised of a hard and transparent material.
21. An elastomeric cushion for a breathing mask configured for sealed delivery of a flow of breathable gas at a positive pressure with respect to ambient air pressure to an entrance of a patient's airways including at least an entrance of the patient's nares, the elastomeric cushion comprising:
a sealing lip with an elastomeric wall configured to form a seal with the patient's face, an elastomeric wall thickness of the sealing lip being varied so that when the sealing lip sealingly engages the patient's face, a portion of the seal at the patient's nose bridge is formed by a relatively thin-walled portion of the sealing lip and other portions of the seal are formed by relatively thick portions of the sealing lip.
22. The elastomeric cushion of claim 21 further comprising:
a peripherally extending shell engaging portion configured to secure the elastomeric cushion to a shell of the breathing mask; and
an intervening portion between the shell engaging portion and the sealing lip, the intervening portion comprising a bellows structure configured to increase a degree of flexibility of a nasal bridge engaging portion of the elastomeric cushion.
23. The elastomeric cushion of claim 22, wherein the bellows structure is positioned between a nose bridge engaging portion of the sealing lip and the shell engaging portion.
24. The elastomeric cushion of claim 23, wherein a portion of the bellows structure extends beyond the nose bridge engaging portion of the sealing lip.
25. The elastomeric cushion of claim 24, wherein an elastomeric wall thickness of the nasal bridge engaging portion of the elastomeric cushion varies from the shell engaging portion to the sealing lip to form an elastomeric thin-wall portion adjacent a hinge of the bellows structure that promotes a hinged motion around the hinge.
26. A patient interface for sealed delivery of a flow of breathable gas at a positive pressure with respect to ambient air pressure to an entrance to the patient's airways including at least an entrance of a patient's nares, said patient interface comprising:
a patient interface shell with a central aperture adapted to receive the flow of breathable gas;
the elastomeric cushion of claim 21; and
a plenum chamber defined by the elastomeric cushion and the patient interface shell, the plenum chamber being pressurized at a pressure above ambient pressure.
27. The patient interface of claim 26 further comprising headgear configured to support the patient interface on the patient's head and maintain the elastomeric cushion in sealing contact with an area surrounding an entrance to the patient's airways while maintaining a therapeutic pressure at the entrance to the patient's airways.
28. The patient interface of claim 27, further comprising a gas washout vent located on the shell.
29. The patient interface of claim 28, wherein the shell is comprised of a hard and transparent material.
30. The elastomeric cushion of claim 22, wherein a cross-section of elastomeric walls of the peripheral wall taken along a line from the shell engaging portion to sealing lip has a varied thickness.
US14/965,943 2000-02-25 2015-12-11 Breathing mask and a sealing lip device for a breathing mask Pending US20160106942A1 (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/EP2000/001586 WO2001062326A1 (en) 2000-02-25 2000-02-25 Sealing lip device for a respiratory mask, respiratory mask and a method and a mould for producing the same
EPPCT/EP2000/001586 2002-01-02
US22001803A true 2003-01-30 2003-01-30
US12/320,484 US8931484B2 (en) 2000-02-25 2009-01-27 Sealing lip device for a respiratory mask, respiratory mask and a method and mould for producing the same
US14/566,115 US9242062B2 (en) 2000-02-25 2014-12-10 Breathing mask and a sealing lip device for a breathing mask
US14/965,943 US20160106942A1 (en) 2000-02-25 2015-12-11 Breathing mask and a sealing lip device for a breathing mask

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14/965,943 US20160106942A1 (en) 2000-02-25 2015-12-11 Breathing mask and a sealing lip device for a breathing mask
US15/593,934 US10265488B2 (en) 2017-05-12 Breathing mask and a sealing lip device for a breathing mask

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US14/566,115 Continuation US9242062B2 (en) 2000-02-25 2014-12-10 Breathing mask and a sealing lip device for a breathing mask

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US15/593,934 Continuation US10265488B2 (en) 2000-02-25 2017-05-12 Breathing mask and a sealing lip device for a breathing mask

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20160106942A1 true US20160106942A1 (en) 2016-04-21

Family

ID=8163856

Family Applications (5)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/220,018 Active US7827990B1 (en) 2000-02-25 2000-02-25 Sealing lip device for a respiratory mask, respiratory mask and a method and a mould for producing the same
US12/320,484 Active 2024-03-10 US8931484B2 (en) 2000-02-25 2009-01-27 Sealing lip device for a respiratory mask, respiratory mask and a method and mould for producing the same
US12/840,815 Active 2022-05-05 US8820327B2 (en) 2000-02-25 2010-07-21 Sealing lip device for a breathing mask, a breathing mask and a method and a mold for producing same
US14/566,115 Active US9242062B2 (en) 2000-02-25 2014-12-10 Breathing mask and a sealing lip device for a breathing mask
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US12/320,484 Active 2024-03-10 US8931484B2 (en) 2000-02-25 2009-01-27 Sealing lip device for a respiratory mask, respiratory mask and a method and mould for producing the same
US12/840,815 Active 2022-05-05 US8820327B2 (en) 2000-02-25 2010-07-21 Sealing lip device for a breathing mask, a breathing mask and a method and a mold for producing same
US14/566,115 Active US9242062B2 (en) 2000-02-25 2014-12-10 Breathing mask and a sealing lip device for a breathing mask

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DE50014820D1 (en) 2008-01-10
EP1900388B1 (en) 2013-06-05
WO2001062326A1 (en) 2001-08-30
US8820327B2 (en) 2014-09-02
EP2266652A1 (en) 2010-12-29
EP2837397A1 (en) 2015-02-18
EP1259279B1 (en) 2007-11-28
EP2075025B1 (en) 2014-11-12
ES2525803T3 (en) 2014-12-30
EP1259279A1 (en) 2002-11-27
EP1900388A2 (en) 2008-03-19
EP2837397B1 (en) 2019-01-30
US7827990B1 (en) 2010-11-09
EP1900388A3 (en) 2008-07-23
EP2266652B1 (en) 2014-04-09
AU3425000A (en) 2001-09-03
US20150090266A1 (en) 2015-04-02
ES2425573T3 (en) 2013-10-16
ES2477573T3 (en) 2014-07-17
US9242062B2 (en) 2016-01-26
US20090139526A1 (en) 2009-06-04
US20170246412A1 (en) 2017-08-31
US8931484B2 (en) 2015-01-13
US20100282265A1 (en) 2010-11-11

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