CN101862496B - Cushion for respiratory mask assembly - Google Patents

Cushion for respiratory mask assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101862496B
CN101862496B CN201010000226.3A CN201010000226A CN101862496B CN 101862496 B CN101862496 B CN 101862496B CN 201010000226 A CN201010000226 A CN 201010000226A CN 101862496 B CN101862496 B CN 101862496B
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portion
face
patient
mask
frame
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CN201010000226.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101862496A (en
Inventor
佩里·戴维·利思戈
罗伯特·亨利·弗拉特
梅姆杜赫·居内伊
乔安妮·伊丽莎白·德鲁
蒂莫西·俊晖·付
菲利普·罗德尼·夸克
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雷斯梅德有限公司
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Priority to US10/235,846 priority Critical
Priority to US10/235,846 priority patent/US6823869B2/en
Priority to US42468602P priority
Priority to US60/424,686 priority
Priority to US48362203P priority
Priority to US60/483,622 priority
Application filed by 雷斯梅德有限公司 filed Critical 雷斯梅德有限公司
Priority to CN03821172.62003.09.05 priority
Publication of CN101862496A publication Critical patent/CN101862496A/en
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Publication of CN101862496B publication Critical patent/CN101862496B/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0611Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with a gusset portion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0616Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with face sealing means comprising a flap or membrane projecting inwards, such that sealing increases with increasing inhalation gas pressure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0616Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with face sealing means comprising a flap or membrane projecting inwards, such that sealing increases with increasing inhalation gas pressure
    • A61M16/0622Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with face sealing means comprising a flap or membrane projecting inwards, such that sealing increases with increasing inhalation gas pressure having an underlying cushion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0633Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with forehead support
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0633Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with forehead support
    • A61M16/0638Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with forehead support in the form of a pivot
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0683Holding devices therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/08Bellows; Connecting tubes ; Water traps; Patient circuits
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/08Bellows; Connecting tubes ; Water traps; Patient circuits
    • A61M16/0816Joints or connectors
    • A61M16/0825Joints or connectors with ball-sockets
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49863Assembling or joining with prestressing of part
    • Y10T29/4987Elastic joining of parts

Abstract

用于给患者输送可呼吸气体的呼吸面罩装置包括框架和衬垫(14)。 For delivery of breathable gas to a patient respiratory mask includes a frame and a cushion (14). 衬垫(14)具有连接在框架上的非面部接触部分,接合患者面部的面部接触部分(26),以及使非面部接触部分和面部接触部分(26)相互连接的中间部分(28)。 Liner (14) having a non-face contacting portion connected to the frame, the engagement surface contacting portion (26) of the patient's face, and causing the non-face-contacting portion and the face contacting portion (26) of each intermediate portion (28) is connected. 中间部分(28)包括使力的第一分量通过面部接触部分(26)作用在患者的面部的角板支撑部分。 An intermediate portion (28) comprises a first component of a force by the face contacting portion (26) in the working angle plate supporting portion of the patient's face. 弹性结构与衬垫(14)的面部接触部分(26)配合。 Resilient structure and the pad (14) of the face contacting portion (26) fit. 弹性结构使力的第二分量通过面部接触部分(26)作用在患者的面部。 (26) a force of the elastic structure of the second component of the contact portion in the patient's face by the face. 通过角板支撑部分和弹性结构分别地作用的第一和第二力分量确定通过面部接触部分(26)作用在患者的面部的衬垫(14)的接触力。 First and second forces respectively acting through the elastic support portion and the gusset structure component is determined by the face contacting portion (26) serves as padding (14) of the patient's face in contact force. 中间部分(28)也可以包括弹性套口部分。 An intermediate portion (28) may also include an elastic cuff portion. 另外,在口部面罩的情况下,密封段可以在面罩的下巴区域包括促进密封的部分。 Further, in the case where the mouth portion of the mask, the sealing section may comprise facilitate sealing jaw portion of the mask region.

Description

用于呼吸面罩装置的衬垫 Spacer means for a respiratory mask

[0001]本申请是申请日为2003年9月5日、申请号为03821172.6、名称为“用于呼吸面 [0001] This application is filed September 5, 2003, Application No. 03821172.6, entitled "surface for breathing

罩装置的衬垫”的申请的分案申请。 Filed divisional application pad cover Means ".

[0002] 在先申请相互对照 [0002] The prior application cross-referenced

[0003] 申请要求2002年11月8日提交的美国临时申请N0.60/424,686,2003年7月I日提交的美国临时申请N0.60/483,622,和2002年9月6日提交的美国非临时申请N0.10/235,846的优先权,其依次要求美国在先申请USProvisional Application 2001年9月7日提交的美国临时申请N0.60/317,486和2001年12月28日提交的美国临时申请N0.60/342,854的优先权。 [0003] application claims the United States November 8, 2002 filed provisional application N0.60 / 424,686, the United States in July 2003, I filed provisional application N0.60 / 483,622, and September 6, 2002 US Non-provisional application No. filed N0.10 / 235,846, which in turn requires the United States earlier application US provisional application USProvisional application September 7, 2001 filed N0.60 / 317,486 and 28 December 2001 US provisional application No. filed N0.60 / 342,854 of. 以上的每个指定的申请在这里全部作为参考。 Each of the above specified application fully incorporated by reference herein.

技术领域 FIELD

[0004] 本发明涉及用于呼吸面罩组件的衬垫以用来提供供氧的支持,举例来说,以非侵入性正压透气(NPPV)方式用于睡眠障碍呼吸(SDB)的治疗。 [0004] The present invention relates to a cushion for a respiratory mask assembly for providing oxygen to support, for example, a non-invasive positive pressure air permeability (of NPPV) mode for treating sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is.

背景技术 Background technique

[0005] NPPV在治疗SDB方面的应用例如睡眠障碍呼吸暂停(OSA)已在先前由Sullivan采用(见USPatent N0.4,944,310)。 [0005] NPPV in the treatment of SDB aspects of sleep disorders such as apnea (OSA) has been adopted by the Sullivan previously (see USPatent N0.4,944,310). 用于治疗SDB的仪器包括用于通过导管向患者界面提供正压空气供应的鼓风机。 Instrument for the treatment of SDB comprises means for providing a positive pressure air supply via conduit blower to the patient interface. 患者界面可有几种形式,例如鼻部面罩装置和鼻部和口部面罩装置。 The patient interface may take several forms, such as nasal mask means and nose and mouth mask device. 患者在睡眠时通常佩带面罩装置以接受NPPV治疗。 Patients typically wear a mask while sleeping to receive the NPPV therapy apparatus.

[0006] 面罩装置通常包括刚性的外壳或框架和软的与面部接触的衬垫。 [0006] The mask means comprises a generally rigid shell or frame and a soft cushion in contact with the face. 衬垫使框架与患者的面部分开。 The frame is separated from the liner face of the patient. 框架和衬垫确定了一个腔体,该腔体容纳鼻部或鼻部和口部。 Frame and cushion define a cavity, the cavity receiving the nose or nose and mouth. 框架和衬垫组合在一起通过头帽装置套在患者的面部。 Frame and headgear pad together by means sets the patient's face. 头帽装置通常设有绕过患者面部的两边到脑后或到患者的头顶的带子。 Headgear provided with means typically bypasses the patient's face both sides of the back of the head or the tape to the patient's head.

[0007] USPatent N0.5, 243, 971 (Sullivan and Bruderer)描述了一种用于持续正通气压力(CPAP)的鼻部面罩装置,其具有能够适合患者鼻部和面部轮廓线的气囊状/模压密封条。 [0007] USPatent N0.5, 243, 971 (Sullivan and Bruderer) describes a nasal mask means for a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), which can be suitably shaped airbag having the patient's nose and facial contour / press seal. 该面罩装置在外壳上安装有与面部接触的部分,其大小和形状可以完全适合患者鼻部区域。 The mask means is mounted on the housing portion in contact with the surface, sized and shaped to fit the nose region of the patient completely. 与面部接触的部分是用由膨胀性膜组成,该膨胀性膜是用弹性塑料材料模压而成的。 Portion in contact with the face of the film is composed by the expansion of the expandable membrane is molded from resilient plastic material. 膨胀性膜和外壳一起组成腔体。 Composition cavity with expandable membrane and the housing. 进入到腔体的加压气体导致向患者面部的膜表面地膨胀。 Pressurized gas into the chamber results in expansion of the film surface to the patient's face. 在这里参照这个发明的全部内容。 Where the entire content of this invention.

[0008] USPatent N0.6,112,746 (Kwok et al.)描述了一种鼻部面罩装置和面罩衬垫。 [0008] USPatent N0.6,112,746 (Kwok et al.) Describes a nasal mask cushion and mask means. 该面罩衬垫包括基本成三角形的框架,从框架伸出膜。 The mask cushion comprising a substantially triangular frame, the frame projecting from the membrane. 框架具有有圆齿的边缘,衬垫通过该边缘附着于面罩本体。 A frame having a scalloped edge by which the cushion is attached to the edge of the mask body. 膜具有可让患者鼻子嵌入的缺口。 Film has let the patient's nose embedded in the gap. 膜从框架的边缘分开,它的外表面与边缘的形状完全相同。 Film is separated from the edge of the frame, it is the same as the shape of the outer surface of the edge. 在这里参照这个发明的全部内容。 Where the entire content of this invention.

[0009] 传统的面罩装置包括衬垫,在衬垫和患者的面部之间形成密封条,其结果是产生接触力并使接触力沿着衬垫的接触线施加。 [0009] The conventional apparatus comprises a mask cushion, the sealing strip is formed between the pad and the patient's face, the result is a contact force and the contact force applied along a line of contact pads. 接触力通常随头帽带的张力变化,通过面罩装置的框架、衬垫的壁和衬垫的密封组成部件施加。 The contact force generally increases with headgear tension change by means of the mask frame, cushion and the sealing wall components of the application pad. 在传统的面罩装置中,框架确定了一个腔体或涡形物以适合于至少容纳鼻子的一部分,用衬垫形成腔体的四周。 In the conventional mask device, the frame defining a cavity or scroll was suitable for accommodating at least a portion of the nose, the cavity formed by liner four weeks. 因此,在使用中,在腔体中的患者面部的部分暴露在正压下的空气或可呼吸气体中并因此承受正压导致的压力。 Thus, in use, a portion of the patient's face is exposed in the cavity under a positive pressure of air or breathable gas pressure and subjected to a positive pressure thus caused.

[0010] PCT Patent Application AUO1/00746,公布号WO 01/97893 (Frateret al.),描述了一种用于给患者提供空气的面罩装置,其包括悬挂机构可以允许与面部接触的衬垫和面罩外壳之间的相对移动。 [0010] PCT Patent Application AUO1 / 00746, Publication No. WO 01/97893 (Frateret al.), Describes an apparatus for providing an air mask to a patient, which comprises a suspension mechanism may allow the cushion and the mask face contact with relative movement between the shell. 悬挂机构同时给衬垫施加随面罩压力、衬垫的移位或两者的变化而变化的预先确定的力。 Shift change of the suspension means with the mask while applying pressure to the pad, the pad, or both vary a predetermined force. 在这里参照这个发明的全部内容。 Where the entire content of this invention.

[0011] USPatent N0.5,074, 297 (Venegas)描述了一种用于间歇正压呼吸治疗的呼吸面罩装置,其能够有助于患者的面部和呼吸面罩的面部单元之间密封的形成和自动调节。 [0011] USPatent N0.5,074, 297 (Venegas) describes an intermittent positive pressure breathing mask device for respiratory therapy, which can help seal between the face and the face of the patient respiratory mask forming unit and automatic adjustment . 呼吸面罩装置包括面部单元,邻近于面部单元的可扩张的活塞和置于活塞的一个末端的刚性支撑结构,以及用来为患者保护面罩装置的附属装置。 It means a respiratory mask includes a face unit, adjacent to the face of the piston unit and expandable rigid support structure disposed at one end of the piston, and means for attachment of the protective mask for the patient. 在通风循环的吸入部分期间正压在面罩装置内产生,导致活塞扩张。 During the intake portion of air ventilation circulation within the mask of the positive pressure generating means, resulting in expansion of the piston. 因为附属装置和支撑结构共同作用以阻止活塞的显著扩张,这就产生了将面部单元压向患者面部的力并维持空气的紧密密封。 Because the accessory device and the support structure cooperate to prevent significant expansion of the piston, which produces the unit against the face of the patient's face and to maintain the force of an air tight seal. 当在面罩中的压力减小时,面部单元的接触力也同时减小并且密封消除了。 When the pressure in the mask is reduced, the contact force while reducing the surface unit and also seals eliminated.

[0012] 现有技术中共同的问题,例如USPatent N0.5,074, 297、5,243,971和6,112,746和PCT专利申请AU01/00746所介绍的面罩装置,患者的舒适是有限的。 [0012] Common problems of the prior art, for example USPatent N0.5,074, 297,5,243,971 and 6,112,746 and PCT Patent Application AU01 / 00746 Suo mask device described, patient comfort is limited of. 患者会在使用面罩装置几个小时后出现疼痛并在脸上出现红斑。 Pain occurs in patients after a few hours use of the mask means and erythema on the face. 患者面部的鼻梁区域已鉴定为是非常敏感的。 Bridge of the nose region of the patient's face has been identified as very sensitive.

[0013] 另外,与面部接触的部分可以提供额外的压力来使佩带者的面部导致不舒适和可能的皮肤过敏。 [0013] Further, the face contacting portion may provide extra pressure to make the wearer's face resulting in discomfort and possible skin irritation. 这会出现在当与面部接触的部分变形超过正常弹性范围以便与正常面部轮廓保持一致,因此需要额外力的应用来获得密封。 This modification occurs in a portion in contact with the face when exceeding the normal range of elasticity to conform to normal facial contours, application of additional force is required to obtain a seal. 在此情况下,这些额外的压力和力使佩带者的面部变形来适应与面部接触的部分,这会增加佩带者的不舒适、面部疼痛和溃疡。 In this case, the additional pressure force and the deformation portion to accommodate the wearer with the face contacting portion, which may increase wearer discomfort, facial pain and ulcers.

[0014] 现有技术中另一个共同的问题是在面罩腔体中CO2的产生。 Common problem [0014] Another prior art mask is generated in the cavity of CO2. 面罩装置通常包括通气口用来持续地排除腔体中呼出的气体。 The mask generally comprises a vent means for continuously negative cavity exhaled gases. 影响呼出气体排放的一个因素是面罩腔体中的死区。 One factor that influences the mask is exhaled gases dead cavity.

[0015] 这些面罩的另一个共性的问题是密封的泄露和失效。 [0015] Another common problem is these masks seal leakage and failure. 例如,如果佩带者睡觉时翻身的话面罩就可能移动,因此在传输到面罩的供气管上产生拉拽的力从而破坏了面罩和面部之间的密封。 For example, if the turning of the bed, then the wearer may move the mask, thus creating a force pulling on the transmission to the mask supply pipe thus destroying the seal between mask and face. 如果面罩是用在进行持续正通气压力(CPAP)用于治疗条件障碍睡眠呼吸暂停,那么这个缺陷就会导致佩带者的供气压力低于治疗值。 If a mask is used during continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for the treatment of disorders of sleep apnea condition, then this defect will cause air pressure is lower than the therapeutic value of the wearer. 因此,使治疗失效。 Therefore, the treatment failure.

[0016] 面罩装置的另一个问题包括支撑部分的大小是可视的,感觉到的和实际的都是。 Another problem with [0016] the size of the mask means comprises a support portion is visible, are perceived and actual.

[0017] 现存全面部面罩的另一个问题出现在治疗过程中当佩带者移动他们的下巴时,这经常发生。 When the [0017] Another problem with existing full face mask appears in the course of treatment when the wearer to move their jaws, which often happens. 其结果是在口部以下产生口气泄露,从中部延伸到两边或嘴角。 The result is a leak in the mouth of the breath, extending from the middle to the sides or corners of the mouth.

[0018] 期望设计一种呼吸面罩,其能够安全地密封在佩带者的面部且不会造成不舒适和将泄露最小化。 [0018] desirable to design a respiratory mask, which can be safely sealed in the face of the wearer without causing discomfort and to minimize leakage.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0019] 本发明的一个方案是提供具有能给患者带来更多舒适感的衬垫的面罩装置。 [0019] An embodiment of the present invention is to provide a patient brings more comfort to give the pad mask device.

[0020] 本发明的另一个方案是提供具有能够围绕患者面部可控地分配面部接触压力的衬垫的面罩装置。 [0020] Another embodiment of the present invention is to provide a spacer mask having a device capable of controllably dispensing surface contact pressure around the patient's face.

[0021] 本发明的另一个方案是提供具有能够围绕患者面部上的接触线可控地分配面部接触力的衬垫的面罩装置。 [0021] Another embodiment of the present invention is to provide a spacer mask having a device capable of controllably dispensing portion about the contact force of the contact line on the patient's face.

[0022] 本发明的另一个方案提供一种呼吸面罩装置用于给患者供应可呼吸气体。 [0022] Another embodiment of the present invention provides a respiratory mask means for supplying breathable gas to a patient. 依据一个具体实施例的呼吸面罩装置包括框架和衬垫,衬垫具有与框架连接的非面部接触部分,接合患者的面部的面部接触部分,和使非面部接触部分和面部接触部分互相连接的中间部分。 A particular embodiment of the respirator apparatus according to the embodiment includes a frame and a liner, the liner having a non-face contacting portion connected to the frame, the face contacting portion engaging the patient's face, and a non face-contacting portion and an intermediate portion interconnecting the contact portion section. 中间部分包括角板支撑部分,其通过面部接触部分将第一力分量作用在患者的面部。 The intermediate portion comprising a gusset support portion, a face contacting portion by a first force component acting in the patient's face. 弹性结构与衬垫的面部接触部分结合。 Face-contacting portion of the resilient structure and the pad binding. 弹性结构通过面部接触部分将第二力分量作用在患者的面部。 Resilient structure by the face portion of the second force component acting in contact with the patient's face. 角板支撑部分和弹性结构通过面部接触部分分别地作用在患者的面部的第一和第二力分量确定衬垫的接触力。 The first and second gusset support portion and force the resilient structure acting patient's face by the face contacting portion, respectively, of the contact force component determining pad.

[0023] 本发明的另一个方案提供具有可以遵循患者面部线条的曲率的面罩装置。 [0023] Another embodiment of the present invention provide a mask device having a curvature may follow the line of the patient's face.

[0024] 本发明的另一个方案是提供具有对患者的视觉造成最小冲击的角板支撑部件的 [0024] Another embodiment of the present invention is to provide a support member having a gusset causing minimal impact to the patient's visual

面罩装置。 Mask means.

[0025] 本发明的另一个方案是提供具有低姿态支撑部分的衬垫的面罩装置。 [0025] Another embodiment of the present invention is to provide a low profile mask device cushion support portion.

[0026] 本发明的另一个方案是提供具有在低压下可密封且在高压下是舒适的角板支撑部分的面罩装置。 [0026] Another embodiment of the present invention is to provide a low pressure may be sealed at a high pressure and is at the mask device comfortably supporting gusset portion.

[0027] 本发明的另一个方案是提供具有提供止动结构来调节压力分布的角板支撑部分的衬垫的面罩装置。 [0027] Another embodiment of the present invention is to provide a detent to provide means to adjust the mask cushion pressure distribution gusset support portion.

[0028] 本发明的另一个方案是提供具有角板支撑部分的面罩装置,其提供附加的覆盖区域和具有弹性常数配置成衬垫作用在面部上的力随附加的覆盖区域、面罩压力和弹性段的弹性常数变化的弹性段。 [0028] Another embodiment of the present invention is to provide a mask support means having a gusset portion, which provides additional coverage area and having elastic constants configured forces acting on the face of the pad with additional coverage area, and an elastic mask pressure elastic spring constant change section segment.

[0029] 本发明的另一个方案是为衬垫提供弹性套口。 [0029] Another embodiment of the present invention is to provide a pad elastic cuffs. 弹性套口所具有的弹性模量大于衬垫其余部分的弹性模量,使得可以更容易地变形或拉伸以适应面罩和佩带者面部之间的局部压力和/或力的改变,因此避免患者移动期间密封泄露的出现。 Elastic cuffs has an elastic modulus greater than the elastic modulus of the cushion rest, it makes it easier to deform or stretch to accommodate changes between the mask and the wearer's face partial pressure and / or force, thus avoiding a patient seal leakage occurs during the movement. 弹性套口可以与衬垫形成一体,沿着衬垫的接触和非接触部分之间的中间部分。 Resilient mouthpiece may be formed integrally with the gasket, and an intermediate portion between the contact pad along a non-contact portion. 弹性套口也可以与衬垫分开形成并装配在衬垫的接触和/或非接触部分。 Resilient mouthpiece may be formed separately and fitted in contact with the liner and / or non-contact portion of the pad.

[0030] 本发明的具体实施例的又一个方案是提供带衬垫的全面部面罩,其对佩带者的面部构成稳定可靠的密封。 [0030] Yet another particular embodiment according to the present embodiment of the invention is to provide a full face mask cushion belt, which constitutes the face of the wearer reliable seal.

[0031] 本发明的具体实施例的再一个方案是提供全面部面罩,其有效地密封下嘴唇的下方和/或两边的区域。 [0031] A further particular embodiment of the present embodiment of the invention to provide a full face mask which effectively below and / or areas on both sides of the sealing lips.

[0032] 本发明的具体实施例的又一个方案是提供全面部面罩,其在相对较高的压力下提供有效的密封。 [0032] Yet another embodiment of the present embodiment invention is to provide a full face mask, which provide an effective seal at a relatively high pressure.

[0033] 本发明的具体实施例的另一个方案是提供全面部面罩,其可以更稳固地贴在佩带者的面部的多骨区域。 [0033] Another embodiment of the present embodiment of the invention is to provide a full-face mask, which may be more securely affixed to the bony areas of the face of the wearer.

[0034] 本发明的具体实施例的又一个方案是提供全面部面罩,其可以遵循嘴的下方面部骨结构的自然轮廓线。 [0034] Yet another particular embodiment according to the present embodiment of the invention is to provide a full-face mask, which may follow the natural contour of the bone structure of the lower nozzle portion aspects.

[0035] 在一个例子中,全面部呼吸面罩包含包括可呼吸气体口的框架和衬垫。 [0035] In one example, the full-face respiratory mask comprising the breathable gas port comprises a frame and cushion. 框架形成了一个可以容纳佩带者鼻部和口部的内部腔体。 A frame formed of an internal cavity to accommodate the wearer's nose and mouth. 衬垫包括连接到框架的凸缘,形成框架的内腔开口的内沿,以及在凸缘和接触到佩带者面部的内沿之间设置的密封部件。 Pad includes a flange coupled to the frame, the frame formed along the inner lumen opening, and a sealing member between the flange and the contact to the wearer's face along the inner set. 密封部件包括在佩带者鼻孔的上方跨越佩带者面部的鼻部密封段,从鼻部密封段的各侧延伸在佩带者嘴的两边的侧密封段,延伸到侧密封段之间的下巴密封段。 The sealing member comprises a cross over the wearer's nose nostril wearer's face seal segments extending from each side of the nose section at the side of the sealing section sealing the wearer on both sides of the mouth, the chin sealing section extends between the side seal segments . 下巴密封段向上弯曲成弓形以切合下巴多骨的轮廓。 Sealing jaw bent upwardly bowed section to suit the jaw bony contours.

[0036] 在另一个例子中,全面部呼吸面罩使用的衬垫,包括用于连接到面罩框架的凸缘,形成围绕佩带者的鼻孔和口部的开口的内沿,以及在凸缘和接触到佩带者面部的内沿之间设置的密封部件。 [0036] In another example, the use of full-face respiratory mask cushion, and a contact includes a flange for connecting the flange to the mask frame along the opening formed in about the wearer's nose and mouth, and in a sealing member disposed between the inner edge of the wearer's face. 密封部件包括在佩带者鼻孔的上方跨越佩带者面部的鼻部密封段,从鼻部密封段的各侧延伸在佩带者嘴的两边的侧密封段,延伸到侧密封段之间的下巴密封段,其中下巴密封段向上弯曲成弓形以切合下巴多骨的轮廓。 The sealing member comprises a cross over the wearer's nose nostril wearer's face seal segments extending from each side of the nose section at the side of the sealing section sealing the wearer on both sides of the mouth, the chin sealing section extends between the side seal segments wherein the sealing jaw is bent upwardly bowed section to suit the jaw bony contours.

[0037] 这些例子的原理可以被用在任何形式的用于呼吸面罩的衬垫,包括但不限于硅酮弹性材料,凝胶体,泡沫材料或其任何组合。 Principle [0037] Examples of these may be used in any form of a cushion for a respiratory mask, including but not limited to a silicone elastomer material, gels, foams, or any combination thereof.

[0038] 这些例子的原理可以被用在任何形式的呼吸面罩,包括CPAP系统或非正压通风面罩,例如呼吸器。 [0038] The principles of these examples can be used in any form of respiratory mask, comprising a positive-pressure ventilation or CPAP mask system, e.g. respirator.

[0039] 本发明的其它方案、特征和优势将通过下面的结合附图的详细描述而变得清晰,其作为公开的一部分和说明,通过实施例的方式,说明发明的原理。 [0039] Other embodiment of the present invention, features and advantages will become apparent from the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, as part of the disclosed and described, by way of example, the principle of the invention. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0040] 附图有利于理解本发明各种具体实施例。 [0040] The accompanying drawings facilitate an understanding of the present invention, various specific embodiments.

[0041] 图1为说明依据本发明具体实施例的具有衬垫的面罩装置的立体图; [0041] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the mask device having a pad according to a particular embodiment of the present invention;

[0042] 图1B为与图1相似的立体图; [0042] FIG. 1B is a perspective view similar to Figure 1;

[0043] 图1C为与图1相似的立体图,但是取自另一个角度的立体图; [0043] FIG 1C is a perspective view similar to FIG. 1, but taken from another angle of the perspective view;

[0044] 图2为图1中所示的面罩装置的后视立体图; [0044] FIG. 2 is a rear perspective view of the mask device shown in Figure 1;

[0045] 图2B为与图2相似的立体图; [0045] FIG. 2B is a perspective view similar to Figure 2;

[0046] 图3为图1中所示的面罩装置的后视图; [0046] FIG. 3 is a rear view of the mask device shown in Figure 1;

[0047] 图3B为与图3相似的立体图; [0047] FIG. 3B is a perspective view similar to FIG 3;

[0048] 图4为图1中所示的面罩装置的侧视图; [0048] FIG. 4 is a side view of the mask device shown in Figure 1;

[0049] 图4B为与图4相似的立体图; [0049] FIG. 4B is a perspective view similar to FIG 4;

[0050] 图5为图1中所示的面罩装置的仰视图; [0050] FIG. 5 is a bottom view of the mask device shown in FIG 1;

[0051] 图5B为图1中所示的面罩装置的俯视图; [0051] FIG 5B is a plan view of the mask device shown in Figure 1;

[0052] 图6为图1中所示衬垫的剖面图; [0052] FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the pad shown in Figure 1;

[0053] 图6B为图1中所示的依据本发明另一个具体实施例的衬垫的剖面图; [0053] Figure 6B a cross-sectional view of the pad according to another embodiment of the present invention, the particular embodiment as shown in FIG. 1;

[0054] 图6C为与图6相似的立体图; [0054] FIG 6C is a perspective view similar to FIG 6;

[0055] 图7为图1中所示衬垫的侧视图; [0055] FIG. 7 is a side view of the pad shown in Figure 1;

[0056] 图7B为与图7相似的立体图; [0056] FIG. 7B is a perspective view similar to FIG 7;

[0057] 图8为图1所示衬垫的立体图; [0057] FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the pad shown in Figure 1;

[0058] 图8B为与图8相似的立体图; [0058] FIG 8B is a perspective view similar to FIG 8;

[0059] 图9为图1中所示衬垫的仰视图; [0059] FIG. 9 is a bottom view of the pad shown in Figure 1;

[0060] 图9B为与图9相似的立体图; [0060] FIG. 9B is a perspective view similar to FIG 9;

[0061] 图10为图1所示衬垫的角板支撑部分添加在患者面部的正面视图; [0061] FIG. 10 is shown in Figure 1 the pad support portion gusset added elevational view of the patient's face;

[0062] 图1OB为图1所示衬垫的角板支撑部分添加在患者面部的正面视图,患者面部上的膜的连接线被显示为虚线; [0062] FIG 1OB is added a front view of the patient's face for supporting the gusset portion of the liner shown in Figure 1, the film on the connection line the patient's face is shown in phantom;

[0063] 图11为图1所示衬垫的角板支撑部分的正面视图;[0064] 图1lB为与图11相似的立体图; [0063] FIG. 11 is a front view of the support pad gusset portion shown in FIG. 1; [0064] FIG 1lB 11 is a perspective view similar to FIG;

[0065] 图12为表示图1所示衬垫的角板支撑部分的不同实施例的正面视图; [0065] FIG. 12 is a front view of the support pad gusset portion of a different embodiment shown in Figure 1;

[0066] 图12B为与图12相似的表示图1所示衬垫的角板支撑部分的不同实施例的正面视图; [0066] FIG. 12B is similar to FIG 12 showing a front view of a spacer shown in different embodiments of the support gusset portion;

[0067] 图12C为与图12相似的表示图1所示衬垫的角板支撑部分的不同实施例的正面视图; [0067] FIG. 12C is similar to FIG 12 showing a front view of a spacer shown in different embodiments of the support gusset portion;

[0068] 图13A-13C为表示图1所示衬垫的角板支撑部分中的弹性结构的不同实施例的剖面图; [0068] Figures 13A-13C are cross-sectional views of different embodiments of FIG. 1 embodiment the resilient support structure of a gusset portion of the cushion;

[0069] 图14为表示图1所示衬垫的具体实施例的局部俯视图; [0069] FIG. 14 is a partial view showing a particular embodiment of the gasket 1 shown in plan view;

[0070] 图15为沿着图14的线15-15所做的剖面图; [0070] FIG. 15 is a sectional view along line 15-15 in FIG. 14 does;

[0071] 图16为沿着图14的线16-16所做的剖面图; [0071] FIG. 16 is a sectional view along line 16-16 in FIG. 14 does;

[0072] 图17为沿着图14的线17-17所做的剖面图; [0072] FIG. 17 is a sectional view along line 17-17 in FIG. 14 does;

[0073] 图18为沿着图14的线18-18所做的剖面图; [0073] FIG. 18 is a sectional view along line 18-18 in FIG. 14 does;

[0074] 图19为沿着图14的线19-19所做的剖面图; [0074] FIG. 19 is a sectional view along line 19-19 in FIG. 14 does;

[0075] 图20为沿着图14的线20-20所做的剖面图; [0075] FIG. 20 is a sectional view along line 20-20 in FIG. 14 does;

[0076] 图21为沿着图14的线21-21所做的剖面图; [0076] FIG. 21 is a sectional view along line 21-21 in FIG. 14 does;

[0077] 图22为沿着图14的线22-22所做的剖面图; [0077] FIG. 22 is a sectional view taken along line 22-22 of Figure 14;

[0078] 图23为表示图1所示衬垫的具体实施例的局部俯视图; [0078] FIG. 23 is a partial plan view of a particular embodiment shown in the embodiment of the pad;

[0079] 图24为沿着图23的线24_24所做的剖面图; [0079] FIG. 24 is a sectional view taken along line 23 of FIG 24_24 made;

[0080] 图25为沿着图23的线25-25所做的剖面图; [0080] FIG. 25 is a sectional view taken along line 25-25 in FIG. 23 does;

[0081] 图26为沿着图23的线26-26所做的剖面图; [0081] FIG. 26 is a sectional view taken along line 26-26 in FIG. 23 does;

[0082] 图27为沿着图23的线27_27所做的剖面图; [0082] FIG. 27 is a sectional view taken along line 23 of FIG 27_27 made;

[0083] 图28为沿着图23的线28_28所做的剖面图; [0083] FIG. 28 is a sectional view taken along line 23 of FIG 28_28 made;

[0084] 图29为沿着图23的线29_29所做的剖面图; [0084] FIG. 29 is a sectional view taken along line 23 of FIG 29_29 made;

[0085] 图30为沿着图23的线30-30所做的剖面图; [0085] FIG. 30 is a sectional view taken along line 30-30 of FIG 23;

[0086] 图31为沿着图23的线31-31所做的剖面图; [0086] FIG. 31 is a sectional view taken along line 31-31 in FIG. 23 does;

[0087] 图32为沿着图23的线32_32所做的剖面图; [0087] FIG. 32 is a sectional view taken along line 23 of FIG 32_32 made;

[0088] 图33为沿着图23的线33_33所做的剖面图; [0088] FIG. 33 is a sectional view taken along the line 33_33 FIG. 23;

[0089] 图34为图1所示衬垫的具体实施例的正面立体图; [0089] FIG. 34 is a front perspective view showing a specific example of embodiment of the pad 1;

[0090] 图35为图34所示衬垫的后视立体图; [0090] FIG. 35 is a perspective view of the pad shown in FIG 34;

[0091] 图36为图34所示衬垫的俯视图; [0091] FIG. 36 is a top plan view of the pad shown in FIG 34;

[0092] 图37为图34所示衬垫的侧视图; [0092] FIG. 37 is a side view of the pad of FIG. 34;

[0093] 图38为沿着图36的线38_38所做的剖面图; [0093] FIG. 38 is a sectional view taken along line 36 38_38 made;

[0094] 图39为沿着图36的线39_39所做的剖面图; [0094] FIG. 39 is a sectional view taken along line 36 39_39 made;

[0095] 图40为沿着图36的线40-40所做的剖面图; [0095] FIG. 40 is a sectional view taken along line 40-40 in FIG. 36 does;

[0096] 图41为沿着图40的线41-41所做的剖面图; [0096] FIG. 41 is a sectional view taken along line 41-41 in FIG. 40 does;

[0097] 图42为图38的放大剖面图; [0097] FIG. 42 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of FIG 38;

[0098] 图43为表示面罩压力和具有至少一个角板支撑部分且在其中角板支撑部分被固定在确定范围的面罩在患者面部上的接触力之间的关系曲线图;[0099] 图44为表示在恒定面罩压力下弹性结构对施加在患者面部全部的力的影响的曲线图; [0098] FIG. 43 is a mask pressure and having at least one gusset in which the relationship between the support portion and the support portion is fixed to the gusset between the mask contact force range determined in the graph of the patient's face; [0099] 44 FIG. is a graph showing the influence of the patient's face in the full force of the elastic structure is applied to the mask at a constant pressure;

[0100] 图45为本发明的包括弹性鼻部套口的另一个具体实施例的剖面图; A cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the mouthpiece comprises an elastic nose [0100] FIG. 45 embodiment of the present invention are described;

[0101] 图46为ResMed' s ActivaTM面罩的力和位移关系曲线图; [0101] FIG. 46 is a ResMed 'force and displacement curve s ActivaTM FIG mask;

[0102] 图47为现有技术的力和位移关系曲线图; [0102] FIG. 47 is a force and displacement graph of the prior art;

[0103] 图47A为现有技术的面罩的剖面图; [0103] FIG. 47A is a sectional view of the mask of the prior art;

[0104] 图48为本发明的具体实施例的力和位移关系曲线图; Force and displacement curve of the specific embodiment of FIG. [0104] FIG. 48 embodiment of the present invention;

[0105] 图49为本发明的另一个鼻部套口具体实施例的剖面图; A cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the nose of the looper [0105] FIG. 49 embodiment of the present invention are described;

[0106] 图50为依据本发明优选实施例的佩带者佩带的全面部面罩的前面立体图; [0106] FIG. 50 is a front perspective view of a wearer according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention in wearing a full face mask;

[0107] 图51为依据本发明优选实施例的面罩框架和衬垫的前面立体图; [0107] FIG. 51 is a front cushion and mask frame according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a perspective view;

[0108] 图52为依据本发明优选实施例的衬垫的后视立体图; [0108] FIG. 52 is a rear perspective view of the pad according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;

[0109] 图53为图52的衬垫的正视图; [0109] FIG. 53 is a front view of the pad of FIG. 52, FIG;

[0110] 图54为图52的衬垫的后视图(从佩带者一边); [0110] FIG. 54 (from the side of a wearer) is a rear view of the gasket of Figure 52;

[0111] 图55为图52的衬垫的仰视图; [0111] FIG. 55 is a bottom view of the pad of Figure 52;

[0112] 图56为衬垫的沿图54的线56-56所做的侧面立体剖面图。 [0112] FIG. 56 is a perspective cross-sectional view of a side line 56-56 made of the gasket 54 in FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0113] 图1至图5B表示一种呼吸面罩10,其包括骨架12和可以永久地或可拆卸地连接到骨架12的衬垫14。 [0113] FIGS. 1 to 5B shows a respiratory mask 10 which includes a backbone 12 and may be permanently or removably attached to the frame 12 of the pad 14. 前额支架16可移动地安放在骨架12的上部。 A forehead support 16 is movably mounted in an upper portion of the frame 12. 一头盔组件(图中未表示)可以可拆卸地附着于所述骨架12,以保持骨架12和衬垫14在病人面部的预期调整位置。 A headgear assembly (not shown) may be removably attached to the frame 12 to maintain the cushion 14 and frame 12 to adjust the position of the intended patient's face. 例如,头盔组件可以包括一对上下皮带,上皮带可拆卸地连接到前额支架上的夹住结构18,下皮带可拆卸地连接到骨架12上的夹住结构20。 For example, the headgear assembly may include a pair of upper and lower belts, the belt is detachably connected to the forehead support sandwiched structure 18, the clamping strap is detachably connected to the backbone structure 12 20. 但是,头盔组件和骨架12可以以合适的方式可拆卸地相互附着。 However, skeleton headgear assembly 12 and may be detachably attached to each other in a suitable manner.

[0114] 结合附图,在实施例中,面罩组件10为构成以将可吸入气体传送至病人鼻子里的鼻罩。 [0114] conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in the embodiment, the mask assembly 10 is configured to be breathable gas delivered to the patient's nose, nasal mask. 但是,面罩组件10可以是鼻口面罩或者面罩组件可以是全面部面罩。 However, the mask 10 may be a nose-mouth mask assembly or mask assembly may be a full face mask.

[0115] 旋转弯管组件22是可拆卸地附着于骨架12的前部。 [0115] A swivel elbow assembly 22 is removably attached to the front portion 12 of the skeleton. 所述弯管组件22构成与连接于增压补给器的导管连接。 The elbow assembly 22 constituting the supercharger is connected to the feeder connected to the catheter. 增压补给器通过导管和弯管组件22,并通过进入衬垫14提供增压的可吸入气体,以供病人呼吸。 Pressurizing supply conduit and through the elbow assembly 22 and the gasket 14 through the inlet supply of pressurized breathable gas to the patient for breathing.

[0116] 如图1至图9B所示,所述衬垫14包括构成与骨架12连接的面部不接触部分24(图6和图6C)、构成符合病人脸形的面部接触部分26和使面部不接触部分24与面部接触部分26相互连接的中间部分28。 [0116] As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 9B, the gasket 14 comprises a portion of the bobbin 12 constituting the connecting portion 24 does not contact (FIG. 6 and FIG. 6C), constituting the face shape fitted to the face of the patient and that the contact portions 26 face does not contact portion 24 in contact with the surface of the intermediate portion 26 interconnecting portions 28. 衬垫14的密封形成部分68 (图1OB所示)最好贴合密封在病人的面部。 Sealing gasket 14 forming portion 68 (shown in FIG. 1OB) is preferably bonded to seal the patient's face. 衬垫14以沿着密封形成部分68的触点压力来实现密封,以下将对密封形成部分68进行进一步详细说明。 The contact pressure of the gasket 14 is formed along the sealing portion 68 to effect a seal, the seal forming portion 68 will be described in further detail. 在一种形式,密封形成部分68为一具有一定区域的带条。 In one form, the sealing portion 68 is formed into a strip having a certain area. 例如接触病人面部的带条68就是图1OB中在虚线之间的区域。 Contacting the patient's face, for example, strip 68 in FIG. 1OB it is in the region between the dashed lines. 可以使施加到病人面部的敏感部位的接触力最小化。 Can be applied to sensitive areas of the patient's face contact force is minimized. 病人面部的某些部位要特别注意,要使得舒适与密封达到均衡。 Some parts of the patient's face to pay special attention to the sealing so comfortable equilibrium.

[0117] 在结合附图实施例中,衬垫14的面部不接触部分24可拆卸地附着于骨架12。 [0117] In an embodiment in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the liner 14 does not face the contact portion 24 is detachably attached to the frame 12. 例如,如图3、图3B、图6、图6C和图15所示,面部不接触部分24包括肩部30和凸缘32。 For example, in FIG. 3, 3B, FIG. 6, FIG. 6C and FIG. 15, not in contact with the face portion 24 includes a shoulder 30 and a flange 32. 衬垫夹34 (图2,图2B、图3和图3B所示)可拆卸地衔接骨架12,以便肩部30定位于衬垫夹34和骨架12之间以将衬垫14附着于骨架12。 A cushion clip 34 (FIG. 2, FIG. 2B, FIG. 3 and FIG. 3B) detachably adapter frame 12, so that the shoulder pad 30 is positioned between the clip 34 and the frame 12 to the pad 14 is attached to frame 12 . 举例说明,参看2002年9月6日提交的共同拥有和联合审理的美国专利申请号为10/235846的文件,在此引证,参考其全文。 Illustration, see co-owned September 6th, 2002 and filed a joint hearing of US Patent Application No. 10/235846 documents cited herein, reference in its entirety. 进而,凸缘被确定位置以供密封。 Further, the position determined for the flange seal. 换句话说,通过已知技术的带条、摩擦、或干涉配合和/或舌榫衬垫24的面部不接触部分24可以可拆卸地附着于骨架12。 In other words, by known techniques in the strip, friction or interference fit, and / or the tongue portion 24 does not contact the pad portion 24 may be detachably attached to the frame 12. 但是,衬垫14的面部不接触部分24可以通过例如胶合和/或化学紧固方法被附着于骨架12上。 However, the cushion 14 is not in contact with the face portion 24 by gluing and / or chemical fastening methods are attached to the frame 12, for example.

[0118] 如图6、图6C和图14-33所示,首选的衬垫14的面部接触部分26包括侧壁36、从侧壁扩展出来的边框38和充分包围边框38的膜40。 [0118] FIG. 6, FIG. 6C and FIG. 14-33, the preferred pad portion 26 includes a contact portion 14 of side wall 36, the side walls extend out from the frame 38 and film 40 fully surround the frame 38. 举例说明,参看2002年8月12日提交的Kwok等人的美国专利号为6112746以及美国临时申请号为60/402509的文件,在此引证,参考其全文。 Illustration, see Kwok et August 12, 2002 filed US Patent No. 6,112,746, and US Provisional Application No. 60/402509 documents cited herein, reference in its entirety. 边框38和侧壁36为面部接触部分26提供支撑结构,而且,膜40为面部接触部分26提供密封结构。 Bezel 38 and the side wall portion 36 of the contact portion 26 provides a support structure, and the film 40 is a face contacting portion 26 provides a sealing structure.

[0119] 膜40具有一个有效的大回转部分(大半径),以允许面罩组件10相对病人面部移动或旋转一定角度,并且防止膜的末端边缘刺激到病人的面部。 [0119] film 40 having a large effective turning part (large radius) to allow the face mask assembly 10 relative to patient movement or rotation angle, and preventing the end edges of the film to stimulate the patient's face. 进而,膜40扩展地比边框38地边缘还远,以防止边框38成为刺激源。 Further, the film 40 also extend farther than the edge of the bezel 38, the bezel 38 to avoid becoming stimuli.

[0120] 边框38有弯曲地形状,向内部弯曲进入衬垫14的鼻腔体。 [0120] frame 38 has the shape of a curved, bent into the interior of the liner 14 into the nasal cavity of the body. 优选方案为膜40比边框38薄,也可以又同样的厚度。 Preferred embodiment film 40 is thinner than the frame 38, and may be the same thickness.

[0121] 膜40的内表面与边框38的外表面间隔开,以便于与病人形成合适的密封。 [0121] the inner surface of the film 40 and the outer surface of the frame 38 spaced apart so as to form a suitable seal with the patient. 通过合适的密封,就意味着膜40可以无需不当力量调节在病人的脸部/鼻子特征形状上的小变化,并且在使用并保持有效的密封时,可以引起面罩相对病人的小移动。 Through a suitable sealing means 40 may be a film without improper regulation of small changes in force / nose of the patient wherein the shape of the face, and in use and maintain an effective seal, the patient can cause a relatively small movement of the mask. 边框38与膜40的间距可以在病人面部的不同部分不同。 Border 38 may be different from the pitch of the film 40 in different parts of the patient's face.

[0122] 如图2、图2B和图10至图1lB所示,衬垫14的面部接触部分26最好具有普通三角形的形状,并且构成与病人鼻梁、面颊和嘴唇部分相接触。 [0122] As shown in FIG 2, FIG. 2B and FIG. 10 to FIG 1lB shown, the cushion portion 14 of the contact portion 26 preferably has a generally triangular shape and configuration, cheek and lip portion in contact with the patient's nose. 但面部接触部分26也可以具有其他合适的形状,例如普通梯形的形状。 However, the face contacting portion 26 may also have other suitable shapes, e.g. trapezoidal general shape. 在结合附图实施例中,衬垫14包括:一对在面颊与鼻子两侧之间的折缝处提供密封的面颊部44、在病人的鼻子与上唇之间提供密封的嘴唇部46、和鼻梁部42。 In an embodiment in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the gasket 14 comprises: a pair of cheek provide a seal in the crease between the cheeks 44 and the sides of the nose, the patient's nose and the upper lip to provide a seal between the lip portion 46, and bridge of the nose portion 42. 鼻梁部42横跨鼻梁和与在面颊与鼻子两侧之间形成的折缝相交的鼻梁两斜侧面。 Nose portion 42 and across the bridge of the nose and cheeks and between the folded sides of the nose bridge of the nose intersects the slit formed two sloping sides. 在嘴唇部46与各面颊部44之间的过渡是在衬垫14开始转向鼻子底部、侧面的部位。 In the transition portion 46 between the lips 44 of each cheek pad portion 14 is turned to the bottom of the nose portion of the side surface. 鼻梁部42与各面颊部44的过渡是在各面颊部44朝鼻梁向上弯曲的部位。 Transition portion 44 of the nose portion 42 of each cheek 44 is bent upwardly towards the bridge of the nose portion of each cheek. 换句话说,鼻梁部42是从面颊部44开始向上转向的部位开始的。 In other words, the nose portion 42 from the cheek portion 44 is turned to the start-up portion. 如图40所示,膜40可以包括在鼻梁处普遍适合病人鼻梁部典型轮廓的预制轮廓凹口。 40, the film 40 may include preformed profile recess for the nose of the patient's nose portion generally typical profile.

[0123] 包括角板支撑部分50的衬垫14,弯曲为大致符合脸型的弯曲度。 [0123] comprising a gusset portion 50 of the support pad 14, is bent to generally conform to the curvature of the face. 如图4至图5B和图7至图9B所示,上述结构的优点在于:降低轮廓高度,增强稳定性,更适合病人面部和降低视觉影响。 5B and FIG. 4 to FIG. 7 to FIG. 9B, advantage of the above structure is that: profile height reduction, enhanced stability, is more suitable for the patient's face and to reduce visual impact. 其他优点在于:在骨架12侧面和容易从面罩骨架突出的下巴嘴唇部的高度降低,减少了硅树脂的量,减少了死角,并且使用来更好地保持形状的角板支撑部分变硬。 Other advantages are: the side frame 12 and easily reduced height from the mask lips protruding jaw skeleton portion, the amount of silicone resin, reduces the dead space, and using better maintain the shape of the gusset support portion hardens.

[0124] 在结合附图实施例中,膜40构成与病人的鼻梁部分的上部相接触。 [0124] In an embodiment in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in contact with the film 40 constituting the upper portion of the patient's nose. 但是,膜40也可以与鼻梁部分的下部相接触。 However, the film 40 may be in contact with the lower portion of the nose portion. 例如,参看2002年8月12日提交的美国临时申请号为60/402509的文件,其内容在此作为参考。 For example, see US Provisional Application No. 2002, August 12 60/402509 filed documents, which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0125] 在结合附图实施例中,衬垫14的面部接触部分26具有双壁结构,例如一膜40与一边框38。 [0125] In an embodiment in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the face 14 of the pad contact portion 26 having a double-walled structure, such as a film 40 with a frame 38. 但是,衬垫14可以有单一壁,三个壁或者更多壁的结构。 However, the cushion 14 may have a single wall structure, three or more walls of the wall. 例如,可以提供具有结合膜和边框的衬垫,例如单一臂结构。 For example, the liner may be provided with binding and membrane border, such as a single arm structure. 相反地,边框的支撑功能可以通过两个或更多的支撑边框来实现,以支撑单独膜,而两个或更多的膜则需要不止一个的边框。 Conversely, the support function of the frame can be implemented by two or more support frame to support the membrane alone, but two or more film than one frame is required. 另外,边框的支撑功能和膜的密封功能可以被分为不同的两类,其可以使用不同材料,作为实例任意一个都是由泡沫塑料制成。 Further, the frame support function and the sealing function of the membrane can be divided into different types, which may use different materials, as an example are made of any foam. 在另一实施例中,可以使用凝胶体膜。 In another embodiment, a gel film may be used.

[0126] 衬垫14的中间部分28包括向外放射伸展至面部不接触部分24和面部接触部分26的角板支撑部分50。 [0126] The intermediate portion 28 includes a gasket 14 extending radially outwardly to face not in contact with the contact portion 24 and the face plate portion 26 of the corner support portion 50. 角板支撑部分50允许面部接触部分26移动到相应的位置。 Gusset portion support portion 50 allows the contact portion 26 moves to the corresponding position. 而且,角板支撑部分50有一个比面部接触部分26大的覆盖区(如图10的附加在病人面部上的角板支撑部分50所示,以便阐述角板支撑部分50具有的附加区域)。 Further, gusset 50 has a support portion than the contact portion 26 face large footprint (FIG attached to the patient's face 10 of the gusset support portion 50, the support portion so forth gusset 50 having an additional area). 角板支撑部分50的附加覆盖区产生一通过膜40在病人面部密封带条68的接触力(如图1OB所示)。 Additional coverage area gusset support portion 50 generates a contact force (shown in FIG. 1OB) film 40 in the sealing strip 68 through the patient's face. 所述膜40可增强衬垫14的密封效果,将在以下进行详细说明。 The film 40 may enhance the sealing effect of the gasket 14 will be described in detail below.

[0127] 如图6、图6C和图15所示,角板支撑部分50从面部接触部分26的侧壁36箱外伸展,并且向内弯曲进入面部不接触部分24的凸缘32。 [0127] FIG. 6, FIG. 6C and FIG. 15, the gusset portion 50 supporting the contact portion 26 from the side wall portion 36 extending outside the box, and into the inwardly bent portion 24 does not contact the flange portion 32. 特别地,角板支撑部分50包括:从面部接触部分26的侧壁36向外伸展的第一侧壁52,从面部不接触部分24的凸缘32向外伸展的第二侧壁54,和使第一侧壁52与第二侧壁54相互连接的弓形壁56。 In particular, the gusset support portion 50 comprises: contacting the side wall portion 26 from the face 36 of the first side wall 52 extending outwardly from the flange portion 24 does not contact the face 32 of the second side wall 54 extending outwardly, and arcuate sidewall 52 of the first wall and the second side wall 54 56 connected to each other. 角板支撑部分50的壁52、54和56在彼此之间形成有间隔57。 Gusset portion 50 of the support wall 52, 54 and 56 are formed with a gap 57 between each other. 因此,这如上述内容角板支撑部分50被弯曲为符合病人面部的轮廓。 Thus, as above this gusset support portion 50 is bent to conform to the contours of the patient's face. 如图39所示,例如,角板支撑部分50具有一个范围在80-120mm的弯曲半径,最好在95-105mm的范围内。 As shown in FIG. 39, for example, the gusset portion 50 has a support bend radius in the range of 80-120mm, preferably in the range of 95-105mm.

[0128] 角板支撑部分50具有内沿58和外边60。 [0128] gusset support portion 50 has an inner edge 58 and outer edge 60. 内沿58对应侧壁36的外边,而外边60对应角板支撑部分50的弓形壁56的顶点。 58 corresponding to the outer side wall 36 along the outer supporting plate 60 corresponds to the apex angle 50 of the arcuate wall portion 56. 如图6和图10所示,在内沿58和外边60之间定义一垂直距离d。 6 and FIG. 10, a perpendicular distance d defined between the inner 58 and outer 60 edge. 距离d可以根据由衬垫14在病人面部施加的不同压力变化。 The distance d may vary depending on the pressure in the patient's face by a gasket 14 applied. 如图1OB所示,外边60与衬垫接触线61之间的垂直距离定义为距离d2。 As shown in FIG 1OB, the vertical distance is defined between the outer liner 60 and the contact line 61 a distance d2. 接触线61是作为衬垫14的密封带条的密封形成部分68的外周界。 Contact line 61 is formed in the outer periphery of the sealing portion 68 as the sealing gasket 14 of the strip. 在接触线61与外边60之间的附加区对膜40产生一附加力。 Generating an additional force to the film 40 in the contact line between the additional region 61 and 60 outside. 在病人面部的接触力与面罩腔内的压力和角板支撑部分50的覆盖面积成比例。 Pressure contact force of the patient's face mask cavity and the cover support gusset portion 50 is proportional to the area. 因此,角板支撑部分50的覆盖面积可以变化,例如通过改变距离d来改变施加于病人面部的接触力。 Thus, the support area covered gusset portion 50 can vary, for example, to change the contact force applied to the patient's face by changing the distance d.

[0129] 本发明的特点就是将接触力可控地分散于病人面部。 [0129] The features of the present invention, the contact force is controllably dispersed in a patient's face. 在保持衬垫密封的同时要将压力和接触力分散。 While maintaining the gasket and sealing pressure contact force To the dispersion. 应该注意避免在病人面部的敏感部位产生局部受压点。 It should be taken to avoid localized pressure points on the sensitive parts of the patient's face. 例如,局部接触受力点可以通过鼻梁部分避免,以给病人增加舒适感。 For example, local contact stress points can be avoided by the nose portion to increase the comfort to the patient.

[0130] 本发明的另一特点就是不仅在保持衬垫密封的同时将压力和接触力分散,而且通过重新改造眼睛周围的角板区域可以使病人拥有舒适的视野。 [0130] Another feature of the present invention is not only the sealing gasket while maintaining the pressure and the contact force distribution, and the patient can have a comfortable visual field by re-transformation of the gusset area around the eyes. 例如,如图12所示,角板支撑部分50在眼睛周围具有切掉部分51以改善病人的视野。 For example, shown in Figure 12, the support portion 50 having a gusset field of view to improve patient cut portion 51 around the eyes.

[0131] 既然施加到病人面部的接触力与角板支撑部分50的覆盖面积成比例,那么就有可能通过在角板支撑部分50的不同部分的不同距离d来改变施加在病人面部不同部分的压力。 [0131] Since the contact force applied to the patient's face and the gusset portion 50 is proportional to the coverage area of ​​the support, then it may be supported by different distances d gusset portions 50 of different parts to vary in different parts of the patient's face is applied pressure. 例如,如图12所示的具有两个可能的外边的角板支撑部分50。 For example, with two possible outer support portion 50 of gusset 12 shown in FIG. 以实线表示的第一外边60在内沿58和外边60之间具有一近似不变的距离d。 A first outer solid line has an approximately constant along the distance D 60 between the inner 58 and outer 60. 相反,以虚线表示的第二外边260在嘴唇和鼻梁部分具有一比在面颊部分短的距离d'。 In contrast, the second outer indicated by dashed lines 260 has a shorter distance than the cheek portions d 'in the lips and the nose portion.

[0132] 仅仅在所选面部不分才有角板支撑部分50,而其他部分没有。 [0132] only in the selected portion only regardless of the gusset support portion 50, while the other part is not. 不必在衬垫的全部范围内提供角板支撑部分。 Not necessary to provide support gusset portion within the full scope of the liner. 例如,角板支撑部分50可以仅在嘴唇部分。 For example, the gusset portion 50 may be supported only at the lip portion.

[0133] 因此,具有虚线外边260的角板支撑部分50比具有实线外边60的角板支撑部分50拥有一个较小的施加于病人面部的鼻梁和嘴唇部的接触力。 Gusset [0133] Thus, the outer dashed line 260 having a support portion 50 having a ratio of the solid line 60 of the outer gusset support portion has a smaller nose and lips applied to the patient's face portion 50 of the contact force. 这样,施加在病人面部的接触力可以从病人面部上例如鼻梁和嘴唇部分的比较敏感部位被分散开,施加到病人面部上例如面颊部分的不敏感部分。 Thus, the contact force applied to the patient's face, for example, may be more sensitive parts of the lips and nose portion are dispersed from the patient's face, is applied to the portion of the patient is not sensitive, for example, the face of the cheek portions. 既然病人面部的鼻梁部分特别敏感,那么在鼻梁部分42减少了面积的角板支撑部分50可以使得病人更加舒适。 Since nasal bridge are particularly sensitive part of the patient's face, the nose portion 42 then reduces the area of ​​the gusset portion 50 may be such that the patient support is more comfortable. 无论如何,为了最大舒适,距离d可以适合角板支撑部分50的任何部分,以适应施加于病人面部的任何部分的受力。 In any event, for maximum comfort, the distance d may be any suitable portion of the gusset 50 is supported, in order to accommodate any part of the force applied to the patient's face. 这个可以通过在用户化的基础上得到理想受力和衬垫的专用面积来实现。 This special area can be obtained by the force over the pad and on the basis of the user is achieved.

[0134] 图12B为具有两个可能外边的角板支撑部分50的另一实施例。 [0134] FIG 12B having two outer gussets may support another portion 50 of the embodiment. 以实线表示的第一外边60在嘴唇和鼻梁部分相比在面颊部分,具有比较短的外边260与内沿(未表示)之间的距离。 A first outer solid line 60 in the lips and nose portion as compared to the cheek portion, having relatively short distance between the outer and the inner edge 260 (not shown). 相反,以虚线表示的第二外边260,有一个外边60与内沿之间近似不变的距离。 In contrast, the second outside dotted line 260, has a approximately constant between the inner 60 and the outer edge distance.

[0135] 如图6、图6C和图13A至图13B所示,施加在病人面部的接触线上的接触力可以通过角板支撑部分的弓形壁56的调整厚度被进一步处理。 [0135] FIG. 6, FIG. 6C and 13A-13B, the line of contact of the contact force applied to the patient's face can be further processed by adjusting the thickness of the arcuate wall of the gusset portion 56 of the support. 弓形壁56作为弹性结构,提供一份通过膜40施加于病人面部的接触力。 Arcuate wall 56 as a resilient structure, providing a contact force applied to the patient's face through the film 40. 弓形壁56'可以有一统一的壁厚,或者一如图13A所示的薄截面,弓形壁56"也可有一如图13B所示的厚截面。稍薄弓形壁56'提供一份比厚弓形壁56"稍小的受力。 Arcuate wall 56 'may have a uniform wall thickness, or a thin section, the arcuate wall 56' as shown in FIG 13A may have a thick section as shown in FIG. 13B. The arcuate wall 56 is slightly thinner 'than to provide a thicker arcuate wall 56 'is slightly smaller force. 弓形壁56、56'、56、56",的截面可以在角板支撑部分50的范围内变化。例如,角板支撑部分可以在病人鼻梁部位具有一薄壁的弓形壁,但是,在病人的面颊部具有一厚壁的弓形壁。而且,弓形壁可以结合不同的距离d来变化,例如,通过缩短距离d而增加弓形壁的厚度。 Arcuate walls 56, 56 ', 56, 56', the range of variation of cross-sectional portion 50 may be supported on the corner plate. For example, the gusset may have an arcuate wall portion supporting a thin-walled nose portion of the patient, however, the patient's the cheek portion has a thick-walled arcuate wall. Furthermore, the arcuate wall may incorporate a different distance d be varied, e.g., by reducing the distance d and increase the thickness of the arcuate wall.

[0136] 另外,整个角板支撑部分50可以是锥形的,而不只是弓形壁。 [0136] Further, the entire gusset support portion 50 may be tapered, rather than just the arcuate wall.

[0137] 如图13C所示,施加在病人面部的接触线上的接触力可以通过在角板支撑部分50内提供内部停止结构59被进一步调整。 [0137] 13C, the line of contact of the contact force applied to the patient's face may be supported by the gusset portion 50 providing an internal stop structure 59 is further adjusted. 这些停止结构50的大小、形状和几何结构可以根据角板支撑部分50的不同部分被设置为不同硬度。 These stop structures size, shape and geometry of the support structure 50 may be different portions 50 is set to be different according to the hardness of the gusset. 例如,在鼻梁部分为欠硬部分,在面颊部分为较硬部分,都是为了提供需要的舒适和密封水平。 For example, the nose portion is less hard portion, the hard portion of the cheek portion, and is to provide a comfortable level of sealing needs.

[0138] 以另外一种形式,施加在病人面部的接触线上的接触力可以通过在角板支撑部分50内插入弹簧(例如金属弹簧)来调整。 Line of contact of the contact force [0138] In another form, may be applied to the patient's face by inserting a spring support (e.g. a metal spring) within the gusset portion 50 is adjusted. 该弹簧具有被设计为允许调整的由弹簧施加的分力的恒定弹性。 The spring has been designed to allow adjustment of the spring force component exerted by the elastic constant.

[0139] 这样,在面部接触线上的接触力不仅仅是面罩压力的作用,还有例如在角板支撑部分50中的弹性设备的作用。 [0139] Thus, in the contact face of the contact force line of action of the mask is not only the pressure, the elastic portion 50 in the apparatus, for example, also supported gusset. 这改善了较低的压力稳定性,在高压下降低了密封力,并且减少了大角板可能会带来的视觉影响。 This improves the stability of lower pressure, the sealing force is reduced under high pressure, and reduce the visual impact of Arcturus plates may bring.

[0140] 在结合附图实施例中,角板支撑部分50与衬垫14的面部不接触部分24和面部接触部分26 —样,具有普通的三角形形状。 [0140] In an embodiment in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the gusset portion 50 is not in contact with the supporting surface 14 of the pad portion 24 and the face contacting portion 26 - like, having a regular triangular shape. 但是,角板支撑部分50以及衬垫14的面部不接触部分24和面部接触部分26可以具有任何合适的形状,例如非三角形形状。 However, the gusset portion 50 and the pad support portion 14 is not in contact with the contact portion 24 and the face portion 26 may have any suitable shape, such as non-triangular shape. 甚至,角板支撑部分50以及面部不接触部分24和面部接触部分26的形状可以相互近似或者各不相同,例如,角板支撑部分为三角形形状,而面部接触部分和面部不接触部分为梯形形状。 Even gusset support portion 50 and a portion not in contact with the shape and the face contacting portion 26 of portion 24 can be approximated to each other or different, e.g., gusset support portion is a triangular shape, and the face contacting portion and the face does not contact portion is a trapezoid .

[0141] 衬垫14由柔软、可弯曲、适合皮肤的、例如硅的材料制造。 [0141] spacer 14 made of a soft, flexible, skin compatible, for example, silicon material. 衬垫可以通过已知的技术例如一次射入成型过程来制成。 Pad by known techniques such as a molding process be made incident. 但是,衬垫14可以以任何合适的材料,通过任何合适的过程来制成。 However, the cushion 14 may be of any suitable material, be made by any suitable process. 例如,当衬垫14的面部接触部分26为较软等级的材料时,角板支撑部分可以为较硬等级的材料来提供作为弹性设备的硬度。 For example, the cushion portion 14 when the contact portion 26 of a softer grade material, the support gusset portion may be provided as the hardness of the elastic device is a harder material level. 面部不接触部分24可以为较硬等级的材料,所以一直接的部件到骨架,没有衬垫夹变为可能。 No face contacting portion 24 may be a harder material level, it is a member directly to the skeleton, it becomes possible without a cushion clip.

[0142] 衬垫14具有改善的密封稳定性和高于现有技术衬垫的舒适度。 [0142] The sealing gasket 14 with improved stability and higher than the prior art pad comfort. 特别地,衬垫14的曲率普遍改善了面罩组件的稳定性,并且角板支撑部分改善了密封的稳定性。 In particular, the curvature of the liner 14 generally improves the stability of the mask assembly, and the support portion gusset improved stability of the seal. 在病人面部的不同部分改变角板支撑部分的距离d和d2,便提高了舒适的水平。 Changing the distance d and d2 gusset support portion in different parts of the patient's face, it improves the comfort level. [0143] 图14至图33表示衬垫14的各个截面。 [0143] FIGS. 14 to 33 showing the respective cross section of the liner 14. 各截面阐述了在病人面部不同的部分边框与膜之间的各种距离。 Each cross section set forth various distances between the frame and the membrane portion in a different face of the patient. 另外,各截面阐述了在病人面部不同的部分的各种结构配置和角板支撑部分50的距离d。 Further, each cross section set forth various structures in different parts of the patient's face and arranged from a support gusset portion 50 d. [0144] 图34至图42表示了进一步的结构详情以及在衬垫14的一个实施例中的各种尺寸。 [0144] FIGS. 34 to 42 shows further constructional details and embodiments in a variety of sizes of spacer 14 in the embodiment. 例如,衬垫14的长度范围在42-62mm,最好为52mm ;高度范围在90_100mm,最好为100.5mm ;并且宽度范围在95-115mm,最好为103.2mm。 For example, the length of the pad 14 in 42-62mm, preferably 52mm; height range 90_100mm, preferably 100.5mm; and a width in the range of 95-115mm, preferably 103.2mm. 在衬垫14的实施中,在图34至图42中所阐述的尺寸可以变化±62%或100%。 In the embodiment of the gasket 14, in FIG. 34 to FIG. 42 may be varied as set forth in size ± 62% or 100%.

[0145] 图6B表示本发明的其一实施例,其包括在角板支撑部分50与衬垫14的面部接触部分26之间的加固环64。 [0145] Figure 6B shows one embodiment of the present invention, which includes a support portion 50 in contact with the surface 14 of the liner 64 between the reinforcing ring portion 26 in the gussets. 在一种形式,环64有加厚硅板构成,并塑造在衬垫14上。 In one form, there is a ring 64 composed of a silicon plate thicker, and shaping on the pad 14. 当受到压力时,环64作为变硬环,降低了在那一点上衬垫14的扩张趋向。 When subjected to pressure, stiffen ring 64 as ring 14 tends to reduce the expansion at that point on the pad. 在另外一种形式,换64由聚碳酸酯制成,并且为过烧铸(overmolded)或轻压配合(push-fit)。 In another form, transducer 64 is made of polycarbonate, and is burnt cast (overmolded) or a light press fit (push-fit).

[0146] 衬垫14的面部接触部分26有一表面,该表面可以通过函数来描述,函数具有至少一个参数,P,范围在0-360度表示角位。 Portion [0146] 14 of the contact pad portion 26 has a surface which can be described by a function, the function having at least one parameter, P, represents the angular position in the range of 0-360 degrees. 至于鼻子,O度位置可以定义在鼻梁中间,且鼻子占据180度。 As for the nose, O can define a position in the middle of the bridge, and the nose occupies 180 degrees. 图15至图22和图24至图33描述了在不同角位的截面范围,和由此而不同的参数,P。 15 to 22 and 24 to 33 described in the cross-sectional range of different angular positions, and thus different parameters, P.

[0147] 面罩组件10的一个优点在于,通过接触带条施加的接触力可以被调整为在低面罩压力下提供可接受的密封而在高面罩压力下提供不太高的压力。 One advantage of [0147] the mask assembly 10 is that the contact force applied by the contact strip can be adjusted to provide an acceptable seal under low pressure to provide the mask pressure is not too high at high mask pressure. 例如,在具有有无弹性结构角板支撑部分的面罩组件中,在低面罩压力下接触力可能太小以至于不能提供密封,而使得设计者们不得不增加角板的面积。 For example, in the presence or absence of structural gusset elastic support portion having a mask assembly, the mask pressure at a low contact force may be too small to provide a seal, so that designers have increased the area of ​​the gusset. 这种顺次的增加角板面积会在高面罩压力下导致非常高的接触压力。 This in turn increases the gusset area result in very high contact pressure at high mask pressure. 弹性结构与角板支撑部分的结合意味着在低面罩压力下,接触力可以由弹性结构提供,并且角板支撑部分不起到额外的作用。 Gusset structure and the elastic support portion of the mask binding means at low pressure, the contact force may be provided by the resilient structure, gusset and the support portion does not function as an additive effect. 在高面罩压力下,由角板支撑部分提供的接触力远大于由弹性结构提供的接触力。 At high mask pressure, the contact force provided by a board support portion is much larger than the contact angle of the force provided by the resilient structure. 因此,面罩组件10提供了一种超出压力范围下的调整面罩系统得接触力的设备。 Thus, the mask assembly 10 is provided apparatus for adjusting the contact force obtained exceeds the mask system at a pressure range.

[0148] 在本发明的另一形式中,头盔的扩张率是可变的。 [0148] In another form of the invention, the expansion ratio is variable helmet. 例如,相对的不可扩张的头盔可能被用在低面罩压力下,而较能扩张的头盔可以被用在高面罩压力下,例如大约20cm高水的压力。 For example, relatively non-expandable helmet may be used in the mask at a low pressure, and more expansion of the helmet may be used in the mask at a high pressure, e.g. a pressure of about 20cm high water. 一种情形,通过在头盔中填入多个皮带来达到上述效果,一个扩张性的,而另一个相对的不可扩张。 A case brought to achieve the above effect, a expansion and the other opposite non-expandable by filling a plurality of skin in a helmet. 在低压力下,使用两个皮带,实际结果实头盔相对不可扩张。 At a low pressure, using two belts, opposite the actual fruit helmet non-expandable. 在高压力下,去掉不可扩张的皮带,其结果为头盔相对的可全面扩张。 Under high pressure, remove the non-expandable belt, the result is a helmet can be relatively comprehensive expansion.

[0149] 图43阐述了具有至少一个角板支撑部分并且其中角板支撑部分被控制在一个固定的例如扩张的伸展的面罩在病人面部的接触压力。 [0149] FIG. 43 illustrates a contact pressure plate having at least one corner portion of the supporting plate supporting portion and wherein the angle is controlled to a fixed extension of the mask, for example, expansion in the patient's face. X轴为面罩内部压力。 X-axis internal pressure of the mask. Y轴为病人面部上的接触压力。 Y axis is the contact pressure on the patient's face. 舒适且密封区域Z通过(a)从4到20cm高水产生的典型工作压力范围;(b)要求在病人面部保持密封的最小接触力,并且该最小接触力被定义在面罩内压力正在增大的情形时;(c)最大舒适接触力来被说明。 Comfortable seal region Z by (a) the typical operating pressure range 4 to 20cm high water produced; (b) a minimum required contact force to maintain a seal in the patient's face, and the minimum contact force is defined in the mask pressure is increasing when the situation; (c) the maximum comfortable contact force is described.

[0150] 与本发明实施例一致,衬垫被设置为包括角板支撑部分和弹性结构,以至于由衬垫施加的接触力保持在舒适且密封区域Z之内。 [0150] Examples consistent with the present invention, the gasket is arranged to include a gusset structure and the elastic support portion, so that the contact force exerted by the pad holder and the comfort of the seal region Z.

[0151] 图43表示了三条至少含有角板支撑部分的假定的衬垫函数曲线。 [0151] FIG. 43 shows three hypothetical liner function curve comprising at least a support gusset portion. 通常,在基本近似的情况下,增加角板支撑部分所具有的覆盖面积的结果就是,接触力随着面罩压力呈直线状增加。 Typically, under substantially similar circumstances, the results of increasing the coverage area of ​​the gusset portion has a support is, as the mask pressure contact force increases linearly.

[0152] 第一条曲线LI表示一含有角板支撑部分的衬垫,该角板支撑部分具有Al大小的附加覆盖面积并且不具有弹性结构。 [0152] The first LI curve represents a spacer comprising a support gusset portion, an additional portion of the gusset support footprint size and an Al non-elastic structure. 正如所述的,当面罩压力在7cm H2O以下时,接触力小于所需要的使密封的最小接触力。 As described, when the pressure at the mask 7cm H2O or less, so that the contact force is less than the minimum required seal contact force. 因此,曲线LI所表示的衬垫超出了舒适且密封区域Z。 Thus, the gasket LI curve represented sealing region beyond the comfort and Z. 而在稍高的压力下(例如面罩压力高于大约7cm H2o),来自角板支撑部分的接触力便足以保持密封了。 And at a pressure slightly higher (e.g., mask pressure above about 7cm H2o), the contact force from the supporting portion of the gusset would be sufficient to maintain the seal.

[0153] 第二条曲线L2表示一符合本发明实施例的含有角板支撑部分的衬垫,该角板支撑部分具有Al大小的附加覆盖面积并且具有弹性结构。 [0153] The second line L2 represents a gusset meet the liner support portion comprising an embodiment of the present invention, the supporting part of the additional gusset footprint size and an Al having a resilient structure. 所述弹性结构的作用在于,在低面罩压力情况下,当角板支撑部分的作用不足以提供最小密封力时,弹性结构提供一附加的接触力。 The elastic structure is that the mask at low pressure, when the working angle plate supporting the smallest portion is insufficient to provide a sealing force, the elastic structure provides an additional contact force. 其结果,在贯通于工作压力的范围内,衬垫保持密封。 As a result, in the range of the working pressure through the liner remains sealed. 并且,曲线L2所表示的衬垫在贯通于工作压力的范围内,均在舒适且密封区域Z内。 And, the gasket curve L2 is represented in the range of the working pressure through, and are comfortable in the seal region Z.

[0154] 第三条曲线L3表示一含有角板支撑部分的衬垫,该角板支撑部分具有2XA1大小的附加覆盖面积并且不具有弹性结构。 [0154] The third curve L3 represents a spacer comprising a support gusset portion of the gusset support portion having 2XA1 additional footprint size and does not have an elastic structure. 额外的覆盖面积(两倍于LI与L2所示的衬垫)导致衬垫的接触力在低于4cm H2O面罩压力的情况下足以保持密封。 Additional coverage area (LI to L2 twice the pad shown) leading to the contact pad force at less than 4cm H2O mask pressure sufficient to maintain the seal. 然而,在面罩压力大约为IOcm H2O的情况下,接触力就超出了最大舒适接触力。 However, in the case where the mask pressure of about IOcm H2O, the contact force on the contact force exceeds the maximum comfort. 因此,曲线L3所表示的衬垫超出了舒适且密封区域Z。 Thus, the gasket indicated by curve L3 and the sealing region beyond the comfort Z.

[0155] 所以,通过在衬垫内结合具有弹性结构的角板支撑部分,设计人可以调整衬垫的接触力,以便于使其在贯通于工作压力的范围内,均处在舒适且密封区域Z内。 [0155] Therefore, by combining the gusset portion has an elastic support structure in the inner liner, the designer can adjust the contact force of the pad, so as to make it in through the working pressure range, and are in a comfortable sealing region within Z. 相同原理可以运用到不同的压力范围中。 The same principle can be applied to different pressure ranges.

[0156] 并且,区域Z的大小可以根据病人特殊的部位进行变化(例如改变最大舒适接触力)。 [0156] Further, the region Z may vary depending on the size of a particular portion of the patient (e.g., change the maximum comfortable contact force). 例如,最大舒适接触力在面部的鼻梁部可以减小。 For example, the maximum comfortable contact force nose portion surface can be reduced. 结果,衬垫可以在特定部位被调整,以便使接触力在贯通于工作压力的范围内,均处在舒适且密封区域Z内。 As a result, the cushion can be adjusted at a particular site, so that the contact force in the range of the working pressure of the through, and are comfortable in the seal region Z.

[0157] 图44表示在一个恒定的面罩压力下,弹性组件所具有的施加在病人面部上的合力的效果。 [0157] FIG. 44 shows the mask at a constant pressure, the effect of force on the patient's face in the elastic element has applied. 正如在WO 01/97893 (Frater等人)中阐述的,Fmask(F.)为面罩在病人面部的合力。 As set forth in WO 01/97893 (Frater et al.), Fmask (F.) To force the patient's face mask. 在面罩上的内含物角板支撑部分允许衬垫的两侧相对运动。 Inclusion angle plate supporting the mask on the pad portion to allow relative movement on both sides. 当角板支撑部分的伸展或扩张为Omm时,衬垫的两侧彼此邻接。 When the stretching or expansion of the gusset support portion Omm, both sides of the spacer adjacent to each other. 当角板支撑部分的伸展或扩张为50mm时,衬垫的两侧分开50_。 When stretching or expansion gusset support portion is 50mm, on both sides of the pad are separated 50_. 衬垫的两侧彼此靠地越近,Fmask(FB¥)的数值越大。 The closer to each other on both sides of the pad against the greater the value Fmask (FB ¥) a.

[0158] 图44表示了描绘四个不同衬垫的四条曲线。 [0158] FIG. 44 shows a drawing of four different four curves pad. 第一条曲线LI表示具有角板支撑部分、不具有弹性结构、并且具有大小为Al的附加覆盖面积的衬垫。 LI represents the first curve portion having a support gusset, non-elastic structure, and an additional pad having a footprint size of Al. 第二条曲线L2表示符合本发明的一个实施例的,具有角板支撑部分、弹性结构、并且具有大小为Al的62%的附加覆盖面积的衬垫。 The second line L2 represents an embodiment consistent with the present invention embodiment, a support having a gusset portion, the elastic structure, and an additional pad having a footprint size of the 62% Al. 第三条曲线L3表示具有角板支撑部分、不具有弹性结构、并且具有大小为Al的85%的附加覆盖面积的衬垫。 Curve L3 represents the third gusset having a supporting portion non-elastic structure, and an additional pad having a footprint size of the 85% Al. 第四条曲线L4表示具有角板支撑部分、不具有弹性结构、并且具有大小为Al的62 %的附加覆盖面积的衬垫。 L4 denotes a fourth curve gusset support portion does not have a resilient structure, and an additional pad having a footprint size of the 62% Al.

[0159] 如图所示,对具有角板支撑部分的衬垫附加弹性结构,一般会在角板伸展范围增大了UFem)。 [0159] As illustrated, the additional elastic pad having a gusset structure supporting portion generally increases in the gusset UFem stretch). 结果,衬垫可以包含具有比提供有效Fmask(FB¥)来保持密封所要求的面积更小的覆盖面积的角板支撑部分来构成。 As a result, the cushion support portion may comprise gusset smaller than coverage area to provide effective Fmask (FB ¥) to maintain the area required for sealing is constituted.

[0160] 并且,弹性对? [0160] Also, the elasticity? “(Few)的作用可以根据不同的面罩压力来决定,所以衬垫可以根据病人面部的特定部位来调整。 "(Few) action can be determined according to different mask pressure, so that the pad may be adjusted depending on the particular portion of the patient's face.

[0161] 弹性套口 [0161] elastic cuffs

[0162] 图45至图49表示本发明的其一实施例,其可能被用到有关前后所述的两个实施例中。 [0162] FIGS. 45 to 49 showing one embodiment of the present invention, which may be used in two cases before and after the relevant embodiment. 如图45所示,面罩组件100包括面罩骨架112,衬垫114和皮带116,所有组件被组装为类似关于上述的另一实施例的样子。 As shown in FIG 45, the mask 100 includes a mask assembly skeleton 112, pad 114 and the belt 116, all the components are assembled on a similar way a further embodiment of the above-described embodiment.

[0163] 骨架包括与加压空气源或可吸入气体联系的入口122。 [0163] backbone comprises a source of pressurized air or breathable gas inlet 122 of the contact. 最好入口与依次连接空气传输管的旋转弯管相连接。 Preferably in turn connected with the inlet swivel elbow connected to the air delivery tube.

[0164] 衬垫114包括如上所述的被装备到面罩骨架112上的不接触部分124。 [0164] 114 comprises a pad as described above is not equipped to the contact portion 124 on the mask 112 backbone. 衬垫114还包括面部接触部分126和在不接触部分与面部接触部分126之间的中间部分128。 Pad 114 further includes a face contacting portion 126 and the contact portion without contacting the intermediate portion between the portion 126 and portion 128. 面部接触部分126包括含有如上所述的膜140和边框138的面部接触密封部分168。 Face-contacting portion 126 comprises a membrane 140 as described above and comprising a face contact seal portion 168 of the frame 138. [0165] 中间部分128可以具有至少一个可以膨胀且有回弹的套口170。 [0165] 128 may have at least the intermediate portion may be expanded and there is a resilient sleeve port 170. 套口170包括与可简单弯曲相反地可以伸展的壁。 Cuff 170 may simply comprise a curved wall can extend conversely. 将皮带116绑紧,膜140和边框138被推到面部。 Tightened the belt 116, the membrane 140 and frame 138 is pushed into the face. 这会引起一施加于膜140、边框138和面部接触部分126的力,使得面部接触部分26朝向不接触部分24移动。 This causes a film 140 is applied to the bezel 138 and the face portion 126 of the contact force, so that the face contacting portion 26 toward the contact portion 24 does not move. 面部接触部分126的移动和它的合并力使得套口170向外激增。 The combined force of moving and its face-contacting portion 126 such that sleeve port 170 outwardly surge. 这力量取决于皮带的绑紧度和套口170的硬度(有关压力推动)。 This force depends on the degree of tightened belts and cuff hardness of 170 (about pressure pushes). 套口170最初的膨胀可以通过真空管175完成。 The initial expansion of cuff 170 may be accomplished by a vacuum 175. 真空管175可以连接到向面罩组件100的呼吸室171提供增压空气的相同源,或连接到与向呼吸室171提供增压可吸入空气的源相独立的单独增压源。 Vacuum tube 175 may be connected to provide pressurized air to chamber 171 to the respiratory mask assembly 100 of the same source, or connected to a supply source of pressurized breathable air to a breathing chamber 171 is separate from a pressurized source alone. 弹性套口170可以由单独一片衬垫114形成。 An elastic cuff 170 may be formed of a single piece liner 114. 换句话说,弹性套口170可以由衬垫114单独形成,且是后附着上的,例如,使用粘合剂、机械扣紧,或者类似的方法等等。 In other words, the elastic cuff 114 of a pad 170 may be formed separately, and, for example, using the rear attachment adhesive, mechanical fastening, or the like method and the like.

[0166] 现有的面罩系统采用由具有相对高的弹性模数的材料制成的相对僵硬的膨胀套口。 [0166] Existing systems using a relatively stiff mask expandable cuff made of a material having a relatively high modulus of elasticity. 通过比较,本发明实施例的套口170被设计为相对低的硬度。 By comparison, the mouthpiece 170 embodiment of the present invention is designed to be a relatively low hardness. 这一点是例如通过提供具有在低压力下伸展的壁的套口来实现的。 This is, for example, by providing a sleeve having a wall extending opening at low pressures to achieve. 具有这种典型特点的壁是由具有相对低的弹性模数的材料制成。 The walls having such features are typically made of a material having a relatively low elastic modulus. 例如,由工作台测试决定的弹性套口材料的弹性模数,其范围在0.25MPa至0.45MPa。 For example, the elastic modulus of the elastic cuff material determined by the test bench, which in the range of 0.25MPa to 0.45MPa. 其中一例,弹性模数大约为0.35MPa。 One example, the elastic modulus of about 0.35MPa. 相比较,上述角板支撑部分可以有一个 Comparison, the corner portion may have a supporting plate

0.40MPa至0.80MPa的弹性模数,最好弹性模数为大约0.60MPa。 The elastic modulus of 0.40MPa to 0.80MPa, preferably an elastic modulus of about 0.60MPa. 与上述弹性模数相比,或者与改良后的结合传递的压力和头盔压力/皮带移动可以给与适当的伸展特点的弹性模数相比,角板和弹性套口170的弹性模数会或多或少。 Compared to compared to the elastic modulus, stress and pressure bonding helmet or after transmitting the modified / belt movement may give proper stretching characteristics of elastic modulus, and the gusset elastic modulus of the elastic sleeve port 170 or may more or less.

[0167] 在上述实施例中,例如关于图1,面罩系统和衬垫具有角板产品,许多实际属性,例如,能够使衬垫与对应的骨架保持稳定密封,很少的要求头盔皮带向面部施加衬垫力以保持密封的良好调整。 [0167] In the above embodiment, for example about 1, and the pad mask system having a gusset FIG products, many practical properties, e.g., the gasket can be held steady with the corresponding sealing skeleton, a few requirements to the belt face helmet applying a force to maintain a good gasket seal adjustment. 衬垫具有也展示出与上述实施例相似效果的图45的弹性套口170。 Liner having also exhibit similar effects as the above-described embodiment of an elastic cuff 170 of FIG. 45. 但是,弹性套口力不受来自流出发生器的补充空气的约束。 However, not bound by the elastic force of the looper supplemental air flows from the generator.

[0168] 现有技术的面罩采用膨胀(正矢弹性(verses elastic))套口或充气密封和/或密封环。 The mask [0168] using the prior art expansion (positive vector elastic (verses elastic)) or inflatable seal mouthpiece and / or sealing ring. 这些膨胀套口典型地采用具有使其相对较硬的相对高的弹性模数的PVC做成。 These typically employ expandable cuff made of PVC having a relatively hard so that a relatively high modulus of elasticity. 这种PVC材料的工作台测试发现其弹性模数为5.2MPa的正常工作状态。 This bench test PVC material found elastic modulus of 5.2MPa normal operation. 尽管它们可以具有一些弹性,但是如图45所示的弹性套口170,其为不具有回弹性的膨胀。 Although they may have some flexibility, but shown in FIG. 45 of the elastic cuff 170 having no resilient expansion.

[0169] 具有相对的高弹性模量的膨胀套口的例子包括特福隆(Toffolon)的美国专利4971051的文件和King System提供的麻醉面罩。 [0169] Examples of a relatively high modulus of elasticity of the expanded cuff U.S. Patent anesthesia mask comprises Teflon (Toffolon) of 4,971,051 and King System files provided.

[0170] 图46至图48分别为(I)上述关于角板(ResMed,s Activa™面罩)的实施例、(2)现有技术和⑶如图45所示的弹性套口的力-位移(硬度)图。 Force [0170] FIGS. 46 to 48, respectively (I) on the above-described embodiment, gussets (ResMed, s Activa ™ mask), the elastic cuff 45 shown in (2) of the prior art and FIG ⑶ - Displacement (hardness) FIG. 值得注意的是,在这些附图中的标注为'd'的水平轴,表示尺寸,如在图45 (上述的)和表示了具有皮带310及弹性套口320的现有技术面罩骨架300的图47中所示的'd'。 It is noteworthy that, in these figures denoted as 'd' of the horizontal axis represents the size, as in FIG. 45 (described above) shows a belt 310 and the elastic cuff and the prior art skeleton mask 320 300 FIG 47 'd'. 如图46所示,在保持对面部相对的衬垫密封接触力时,根据Activa™面罩的平伸段给出一具有更大皮带拉紧公差或面罩不稳定性公差的面罩系统。 46, while maintaining the sealing contact force of the pad surface opposite, belt tensioning is given a greater tolerance with the mask or mask system instability tolerance according to the flattened section Activa ™ mask. 参看图46中点XX之间的线。 Referring to FIG. 46 a midpoint between the line XX. [0171] 相比,图47的曲线图表示现有技术的弹性套口,其由具有相对高的弹性模数的、有更为线性的力-位移特性的且较硬的材料制成。 [0171], the graph of FIG. 47 showing an elastic cuff prior art, which has a relatively high modulus of elasticity, have a more linear force - displacement characteristics and made harder material. 因此,在面罩或衬垫内相应面部的微小变化而致使尺寸'd'的微小变化,会对施加在面部的密封力引起相对大的变化。 Thus, small changes in the corresponding portion of the mask, which results in size or pad 'd' small changes will cause a relatively large change is applied in the face sealing force. 因此,这种现有技术的面具系统在额外增加位移时不能保持良好的密封(由于不稳定性)。 Thus, this prior art mask systems can not maintain a good seal when the additional displacement (due to instability). 皮带拉紧度对保持较好的舒适度很关键。 Belt tension is critical to maintain a good degree of comfort.

[0172] 所以,一实施例形态将由具有相对低的弹性模数材料,如有弹性的球状物制成弹性套口。 [0172] Therefore, an embodiment having a relatively low aspect by the material modulus of elasticity, if a ball made of an elastic elastic cuffs. 所述弹性套口材料能够在本申请的标准皮带拉紧度下伸展。 The resilient material can stretch the mouthpiece under the standard of the belt tensioner of the present disclosure.

[0173] 当面罩不合适时,弹性套口不必有压力。 [0173] when the mask is not appropriate, do not have an elastic cuff pressure. 当面罩合适时,套口由皮带拉紧而被压缩。 When appropriate mask, mouthpiece is compressed by the belt tension. 假定弹性套口材料有较低的弹性模数,套口就会如图45中的模型拉长所示,倾向伸展、隆起、膨胀。 Assuming an elastic cuff materials have a lower modulus of elasticity, the looper 45 will be as shown in the model of elongated, stretching tends to bulge, expansion.

[0174] 这个施加在衬垫密封条上的力可以通过改进套口壁的硬度来很好的调整,例如增高或降低弹性模数,或者通过由真空管事先对弹性套口170增压,在此例中,当衬垫移动且/或在适当位置并且皮带拉紧时,使得衬垫密封力增大。 [0174] The sealing strip is applied on the pad force may be adjusted by the hardness of the well walls improved looper, e.g. increase or decrease in elastic modulus, or by the vacuum advance port 170 of elastomeric sleeve pressurization, here embodiment, when the pad moving and / or tightened in place and the belt, so that the gasket sealing force is increased.

[0175] 如图48所示,弹性套口170由低弹性模数材料制成,其产生一如图46所示的近似拉直的曲线。 [0175] As shown, the elastic cuffs 170 made of a low modulus of elasticity material 48, which generates a curve 46 shown in FIG approximately straightened. 但是,如图48与图46相比稍有点倾斜,而却要比图47平直。 However, as shown in FIG. 48 as compared to point 46 is slightly inclined, but rather 47 than the straight FIG. 理想的为如图46和图48所示的在中间段为斜平直的情形。 The ideal case as shown in FIG. 46 and 48 shown in the intermediate section oblique straight.

[0176] 与所示的图48相比,由较高弹性模数制成的较硬套口产生较大的下降率。 [0176] compared to that shown in Figure 48, the mouthpiece made of a hard high modulus of elasticity have a greater rate of decline. 对现有技术的弹性套口,相对较高的硬度导致了衬垫密封力的巨大变化,因为很微小的移动可以导致失掉面部的密封条。 Elastic cuffs of the prior art, a relatively high hardness leads to dramatic changes gasket sealing force, because it may result in slight movement of the face seal lost. 能够引起微小移动的事情有:例如,导致皮带绑紧的夜间活动,人面部的流动性变形,下巴放松等等。 It can cause slight movement of things there: for example, lead to a belt tied nocturnal, liquidity deformation of the human face, chin and so relaxing.

[0177] 再一实施例,弹性套口170可以由任何可压缩的或不可压缩的不定形物质,或只其组合物来填充。 [0177] another embodiment, elastomeric sleeve 170 may be compressed by any port compressible or non-monolithic material, or combinations thereof filled only. 不定形物质可以为例如空气、流体、可流动或半流动的凝胶体。 Amorphous substance may be, for example, air, fluid, semi-fluid or flowable gels. 如果为空气的话,套口壁受拉,使得套口内的空气压缩,并且迫使衬垫密封条向外接近面部;既然是气体,也有一些压缩空气。 If air is then pulled by the cuff wall, such that the compressed air in the mouthpiece, and forcing the gasket seal portion outwardly proximity; since it is a gas, there are some air. 如果为液体的话,仅仅通过套口壁拉力而没受压缩气体的影响,将力施加到衬垫密封条上。 If it is liquid, and only the compressed gas is unaffected by pulling the mouthpiece wall, applying force to the gasket seal.

[0178] 衬垫性能的变化,可以通过以下因素的任何一个或几个的结合来实现:弹性模数、弹性套口的几何形状、材料的选择(参考弹性模数)以及最初流动性的大小(在合适前)。 Change [0178] pad performance may be realized by combining any one or several of the following factors: elastic modulus, elastic sleeve opening geometry, choice of material (refer to modulus of elasticity) and the initial size flowability (in front of the right).

[0179] 流体的最初质量可以通过真空管手动或自动地调节(相对于套口压力和/或治疗CPAP压力合成外-内控制)。 [0179] initial mass of the fluid may be automatically or manually adjusted by a vacuum (with respect to the cuff pressure and / or treatment of outer synthesis CPAP pressure - within the control). 在图45中,可以看到弹性套口与衬垫分离,也就是在衬垫上与面部密封的位置。 In Figure 45, the mouthpiece can be seen that the elastic cushion and the separation, i.e. the face on the pad sealing position. 因此,其提供了最小可能的移动,并且仅描述可弯曲充气密封条,不是弹性或回弹性。 Thus, it provides the smallest possible movement, and are described only flexible inflatable sealing strip, resilient or not resilient.

[0180] 在图45中,可扩张/可收缩的弹性套口170被合并进衬垫密封条内。 [0180] In FIG 45, the expandable / contractible cuff elastic 170 are incorporated into the gasket seal.

[0181] 在另一个实施例中,弹性套口可以利用手动泵180增压来精细地调整在弹性套口170内的流体的最初质量。 [0181] In another embodiment, the resilient mouthpiece manual pump may be utilized to finely adjust the booster 180 in the first fluid mass 170 within the elastomeric sleeve openings. 例如,参考图49。 For example, with reference to FIG. 49.

[0182] 又一实施例可以结合自动的流体套口质量变化,与传递治疗压力同步并/或对漏洞或不舒服感觉起作用。 [0182] A further embodiment may be combined automatically mouthpiece fluid quality change, and synchronous transfer therapy pressure and / or holes or the uncomfortable feeling function.

[0183] 任何可以形成腔体或者弹性套口170的弹性材料都可以使用。 [0183] Any material may be formed of an elastic or resilient sleeve cavity opening 170 may be used. 橡胶气球利用就是一种材料的使用。 It is the use of a balloon using a rubber material. 并且,低硬度且/或低弹性模数特性的硅树脂橡胶业可以被使用,或者上述材料的混合物也可被使用。 Further, the low hardness and / or low modulus of elasticity properties of the silicone rubber industry may be used, or mixtures of the foregoing materials may also be used. 套口可以有刚性的或半刚性的细节以具有结构完整性。 The mouthpiece can have a rigid or semi-rigid structural integrity to the details. [0184] 套口170不需要围绕周界,例如,其可以被排除在鼻梁外以改善受到的密封力。 [0184] 170 does not require the mouthpiece around the perimeter, for example, it may be excluded from the nose outer sealing force to improve subjected. 在此披露的弹性套口170也可以与现有技术的面罩系统结合被使用,做出一新式并改良的产品。 In the disclosed elastic cuff 170 may also be combined with the prior art mask systems are used to make a new and improved products. 例如,Respironics公司做成了在骨架和密封接触面之间可完全地也可附着地与弹性套口170结合的“Profile Lite”凝胶体衬垫。 For example, Respironics company made a "Profile Lite" gel pad between the backbone and the sealing contact surface may be attached may be completely bound with the elastic cuffs 170. 弹性套口可以由可压缩的或不可压缩的不定形物质如空气、凝胶体、或任何它们的混合物填充。 Cuff may be filled with an elastic incompressible or compressible amorphous material such as air, gel, or any mixture thereof. [0185] 在另一个例子中,与弹性套口170可以结合特福隆(Toffolon)的美国专利4971051结合。 [0185] In another example, the mouthpiece 170 may be bonded to the elastic U.S. Patent Teflon (Toffolon) of 4,971,051 binding. 弹性套口可以被合成一体作为衬垫组件的一部分,以提供在衬垫密封条中作用力和相对于面罩骨架的衬垫密封条的独立运动/移动。 Elastic cuff may be integrally as part of the cushion assembly to provide independent movement of the pad and the sealing strip force with respect to the mask cushion backbone sealing strip / mobile.

[0186] 当鼻部面罩以优选实施例被描述时,就可以被应用到全面部面罩或嘴部面罩。 [0186] When a nasal mask to a preferred embodiment is described embodiment, it can be applied to a mouth mask or full face mask. 而且,本发明的原理可以被应用到具有密封在在鼻子附近的很小密封部分的鼻部面罩。 Further, the principles of the present invention may be applied to a nasal mask sealing portion having a small seal near the nose.

[0187] “反跳”密封 [0187] "rebound" seal

[0188] 图50至图56阐述了本发明的另一实施例,其可以与前面的实施例一起可用。 [0188] FIG. 50 to FIG. 56 illustrates another embodiment of the present invention, which may be used in conjunction with the previous embodiment. 图50是固定在穿戴者头部的全面部呼吸器面罩10的透视图。 FIG 50 is a perspective view of a fixed round the wearer's head portion 10 of the respirator facepiece. 面罩10包括支撑衬垫14的骨架12。 The mask 10 comprises a support pad 14 of frame 12. 面罩10通过含有口紧皮带16的头盔被固定在穿戴者的鼻子区域和嘴的上面,在穿戴者头部调节。 The mask 10 is fixed by a helmet comprising firmness of the belt 16 in the region above the nose and mouth of the wearer, the wearer's head adjusted.

[0189] 骨架12优选形成马鞍形状,通常为三角形或梯形来适合穿戴者的鼻子,或者至少高于穿戴者的鼻孔,并且在嘴的每一侧向下延伸至下巴。 [0189] saddle shaped frame 12 is preferably formed, generally triangular or trapezoidal shape to fit the wearer's nose, or at least above the wearer's nose, the chin and extending to each side at the mouth. 骨架12具有一通过旋转弯管组件22用来连接可吸入气体供给器20的端口18。 Having a frame 12 by a swivel elbow assembly 22 may be used to connect the suction port 18 of the gas feeder 20. 可吸入气体供给器20是将可吸入气体供给到在与穿戴者鼻子和嘴相接触的面罩10内部的一腔体的压缩气体供给器。 Supplying breathable gas 20 is breathable gas is supplied to the compressed gas feeder inside a cavity in the mask in contact with the wearer's nose and mouth 10.

[0190] 骨架12也优选包括一用于将吐出气体排空的通风开口24。 [0190] frame 12 also preferably comprises a means for evacuating the discharge gas vent opening 24. 扣件26用来固定头盔的皮带16并且允许可选择的头盔调节。 Fastener belt 26 for fixing the helmet 16 and the helmet allows optional adjustment. 这样,扣件26为在骨架12上形成的狭槽,并通过狭槽皮带16可以进入。 Thus, the fastener 26 is a slot formed in the frame 12, and 16 may enter through the slot the belt. 当然,可以使用任何合适的扣件。 Of course, you can use any suitable fastener. 最好是,还可以使用前额支撑,其可以从骨架延伸到前额。 Preferably, the forehead support may also be used, which can extend from the forehead to the backbone.

[0191] 如图51所示,骨架12与衬垫在一起。 As shown in [0191] FIG. 51, frame 12 together with the gasket. 正如通过可以被珍惜的在呼吸器面罩技术里的那些普通技巧,衬垫14可以通过各种方法被固定在骨架12上的凸缘28上。 As can be treasured by the those of ordinary skill in the art respirator mask, the gasket 14 may be fixed to the frame 12 of the flange 28 by various methods. 衬垫14可以与凸缘28形成一体,也可以被粘着在凸缘28上,或者可拆卸的夹在其上。 Gasket 14 may be formed integrally with the flange 28, it may be adhered to the flange 28, or detachably clamped thereon. 其他的附加方法也可以使用,其包括皮带捆扎、擦胶、或者干涉配合,或者榫槽接合。 Other additional methods may be used, including bundling belt, eraser, or interference fit, or tongue and groove.

[0192] 在图52中,衬垫14从骨架12上分离下来,并相对图51翻转了一下,以显示衬垫14的面部接触部分。 [0192], FIG. 52 in the pad 14 is separated from the down frame 12, and a bit inverted relative to FIG. 51, to show the face contacting portion 14 of the liner. 衬垫14包括与骨架12连接的凸缘30,定义了朝向骨架12的内部腔体的开口34的内部边框32,和布置于凸缘30和内部边框32之间的密封部分36。 Gasket 14 and the flange 30 includes a frame 12 attached, defines an opening towards the interior of the cavity 12 of the skeleton frame 34 of the interior 32, and is disposed between the flange 30 and the inner sealing portion 36 of the frame 32.

[0193] 优选地,衬垫14由柔软、可弯曲、适合皮肤的、例如硅的材料制成。 [0193] Preferably, the liner 14 made of a soft, flexible, skin compatible, for example made of silicon material. 一种材料为硅橡胶™(SILASTIC™),由Dow Corning制造的一种娃酮弹性体。 Silicone rubber material ™ (SILASTIC ™), one kind of baby ketone elastomer manufactured by Dow Corning's. 其可以通过已知的技术例如一次射入成型过程被浇铸制成,例如,衬垫14的不同部分可以被做成不同的厚度,或者乃至例如不同材料来影响硬度和弹性。 Which can be by known techniques, for example, a cast is made incident on the shaping process, e.g., different portions of the cushion 14 may be made in different thicknesses, or even different materials to affect the hardness and elasticity, for example. 同时也希望的是,衬垫14应该被做成一体,或由泡沫塑料或凝胶体材料组成。 Also desirable that the pad 14 should be made integrally, or by a foam or gel material. 衬垫14可以根据结合上述过程和材料被制成。 The gasket 14 may be formed in conjunction with the above-described processes and materials.

[0194] 内部边框32和密封部分36最好在图56中观看,图56表不密封部分36具有一个逐渐的弯曲形状,其具有一延伸超过内部边框32的唇缘。 [0194] inside border 32 and the sealing portion 36 is preferably viewed in FIG. 56, FIG. 56 does not seal the table portion 36 has a gradually curved shape having a lip extending beyond the inner borders 32. 优选地,密封部分36被做成比内部边框32更可弯曲、更薄,以更容易符合穿戴者面部的轮廓。 Preferably, the sealing portion 36 is made greater than the inner frame 32 may be bent, thinner, more easily conform to the contour of the wearer's face. 密封部分36具有合适的密封条,其可以适应穿戴者面部形状的小变化,并且可以在保持良好密封效果的情况下解决相对于穿戴者的面罩小移动问题。 Suitable sealing portion having a sealing strip 36, which can accommodate small variations in the wearer's face shape, and can be resolved while maintaining a good sealing effect with respect to a small movement of the mask wearer problem. 根据由面罩10施加的固定力,衬垫14可以变形为一点,就在其边框32抵触的地方。 The fixing force exerted by the mask 10, the gasket 14 can be deformed to a point, in which the bezel 32 in conflict areas. 凸缘30具有在使用全面部衬垫14时足够以抵挡通常的固定压力的硬度,并且其倾向保持自己的形状,抵抗变形。 Flange 30 having a hardness in use of the pad 14 fully sufficient to withstand a normal pressure fixed, and which tends to maintain its shape against deformation. 因此,其也担当一支撑结构。 Thus, it also served as a support structure.

[0195] 所述实施例在此有单一边框32和单一密封部分36,因此形成了一个双壁结构。 [0195] In the embodiment with a single frame 32 and a single seal portion 36, thus forming a double-walled structure. 其也有可能具有单一的、三倍数的或多倍数的壁结构。 It is also possible to have a single, three or a multiple of a multiple of the wall structure. 进而,边框32和密封部分36可以有不同材料做成。 Further, the bezel 32 and the sealing portion 36 can be made of different materials.

[0196] 如所希望的,密封部分36可以包括角板支撑部分,角板支撑部分时符合面部曲率逐渐弯曲放大的部分。 [0196] As desired, the sealing portion 36 may conform to the curved surface portion gradually enlarged partial curvature when the support portion comprises a gusset, the gusset support portion.

[0197] 密封部分36被设计为接触穿戴者面部的并在那形成有密封条的,以便供给到骨架12的内部腔体的气体不会泄露出面罩10。 [0197] seal portion 36 is designed to contact the wearer's face and in that a sealing strip is formed so as to supply the gas into the internal cavity 12 of the bobbin 10 does not leak out of the mask. 密封部分36包括跨过鼻子区域的鼻子部分38,其在穿戴者鼻子的上方横跨鼻梁,并且如图52至图54所示,为一普通的倒V字形。 Across the sealing portion 36 includes a nose region of the nose portion 38, which spans over the wearer's nose, the nose, and as shown in FIG. 52 to FIG. 54, it is a conventional inverted V-shape. 在鼻子部分38的每一侧,侧面部分40向下伸展至穿戴者嘴的两侧的外侧,延续这普通的倒V字形。 On each side of the nose portion 38, side portion 40 extends downwardly to the outer sides of the wearer's mouth, which continues normal inverted V-shaped. 下巴部分42在侧面部分40之间延伸,并且以下会进行更详细描述。 A chin portion 42 extending between the side portions 40, and the following will be described in more detail.

[0198] 如图55所示,当从上边或下边观察时,衬垫14的侧面,在鼻子的末端和下巴的末端为凹的中央部分,而在面颊部分为凸起的部分,以适合穿戴者的面部。 [0198], when viewed from above or below, of the side liner 14, and end at the end of the jaw nose is concave central portion 55, and the cheek portions of the raised portions to fit the wearer facial persons. 也就是说,在与穿戴者面部垂直的平面内,衬垫14是弯曲的,以符合人的脸型,包括突出的鼻子和下巴。 That is, in a plane perpendicular to the wearer's face, the gasket 14 is curved to conform to the human face, comprising a projecting nose and chin. 这一点在呼吸器面罩的技术里是公知的。 This respirator mask is well known in the art.

[0199] 参考图53和图54,衬垫14的下巴部分42采取一从前面和后面看都是呼吸器面罩中非常规形状的形状。 [0199] Referring to FIG 53 and FIG 54, the chin pad 14 to take a portion 42 in the distorted shape from both the front and rear facepiece see. 如上所述,在常规面罩中,衬垫的下巴部分在基本平行穿戴者面部的平面中是直的或U形。 As described above, in the conventional mask, the chin portion of the liner is straight or U-shaped in a plane substantially parallel to the face of the wearer. 常规的想法将会使下巴部分与嘴的周围非常相似。 Conventional thinking will make part of the chin and around the mouth are very similar. 但是,在本发明的实施例中,取而代之的是,下巴部分42被做成与下巴骨头突出轮廓非常一致的形状。 However, in the embodiment of the present invention, instead, a chin portion 42 is made to protrude the jaw bone and very uniform shape contour. 对这段骨头的描述为下巴突出和在下巴上的低牙齿,并且其形成一个向下弯曲的向外延伸骨线(bone line),非常像皱眉的形状。 This is a description of the bone protruding jaw and a lower jaw on the teeth, and which forms the shape of a downwardly extending wire bone (bone line) is bent outwardly, much like frowning. 衬垫14因此包括形状类似飞去来器或倒U字形的下巴部分42,并且其被设计置于下嘴唇和突出的下巴之间。 Gasket 14 thus includes a boomerang-like shape or inverted U-shaped jaw part 42, which is designed and positioned between the lower lip and the projecting jaw. 如图54所示,密封条的形状可以是所示的W形状。 54, the shape of the sealing strip may be W-shaped as shown. 任何倒U形或W形的部分都可以被调整来改善穿戴者的感受。 Any portion of inverted U-shape or W-shape can be adjusted to improve the feeling of the wearer. 例如,有延展性的金属丝可以用来做成密封部分以提供这样的可调性,通过金属丝来使密封部分赴和穿戴者的面部轮廓。 For example, a malleable wire can be used to make the sealing portion to provide such adjustability, the sealing portion to the facial contours of the wearer and to go through the wire. 这向上弯曲的设计或弓形可以在图51至图54中看到。 This upwardly curved or arcuate design can be seen in FIGS. 51 to 54 in FIG. 这部分的后视图上具有弓形的形状,而在主视图和/或侧视图上仍然保持全面部面罩的当前形状。 Shape having arcuate rear view of this part, or in the front view and / or side remains full face mask of the current shape.

[0200] 这种形状允许侧面部分40向下延伸更远,到低的下巴处。 [0200] Such a shape allows the side portions 40 extend further downwardly to lower the chin. 如所希望的,衬垫14可以被做到延伸到低的下巴处的大小,以具有更稳定的支撑。 As desired, the gasket 14 may be made to extend the size of the lower chin in order to have a more stable support. 由此,衬垫14置于面部不可能变形的多骨部位,并且比例如下嘴唇和面颊的软的、肥胖的部位更兼顾密封。 Thus, the gasket 14 placed in the bony part of the face is likely to be deformed, and the following ratio of the soft lips and cheeks, obesity seal portion is more balanced.

[0201] 在治疗期间,当有压力施加到穿戴者时,柔软的嘴唇被迫微微张开。 [0201] During the treatment, when pressure is applied to the wearer, soft lips forced slightly open. 下嘴唇因此向外移动并稍微向下。 Thus the lower lip moves downwardly and slightly outwardly. 正如所描述的下嘴唇的移动,所以有了与弓形的衬垫14亲密地接触。 As described movement of the lower lip, in contact with the pad 14 so that with intimate arcuate. 如希望的,改善了密封效果,甚至进而还/或减少了通过嘴的泄露。 As desired, to improve the sealing effect, even further still / or reduces leakage through the mouth.

[0202] 参考CPAP或者援救呼吸治疗,衬垫14和面罩10已经被描述过。 [0202] with reference to CPAP or rescue breathing therapy, the cushion 14 and mask 10 has been described. 但是,将会知道的是,在气体和/或雾化液体被供给到航空公司入口的地方,本发明普遍适用于任何应用。 However, we will know that is supplied to the gas inlet where the airline and / or atomized liquid, the present invention is generally applicable to any application. 这样的应用包括喷雾器,气体面罩和麻醉器。 Such applications include nebulizer, gas masks and anesthetic device. 另外,面罩可以为只用于嘴的面罩,在那面罩只覆盖嘴。 Further, the mask may be used only for mouth masks, face mask that covers only the mouth. 并且,衬垫可以向下延伸超过下巴来进一步稳定衬垫。 Further, the liner may extend downwardly over the chin pad further stabilized.

[0203] 由此,本发明的情况已完全并有力地实现。 [0203] Accordingly, the present invention have been fully and effectively achieved. 通过提供前述的详细实施例,阐明了本发明的结构和功能原理,并且没有有意的限制。 By providing the foregoing detailed embodiment, it illustrates the structural and functional principles of the present invention and is not intended limitation. 相反的,在本发明的详细原理和技术思想的范围内, 本发明应规定为包含所有的变形、改造和置换。 On the contrary, within the scope of the principle and the detailed technical concept of the present invention, the present invention should be defined as covering all alterations, modifications and substitutions.

Claims (11)

1.一种呼吸面罩装置,包括: 框架;和设置在框架上的衬垫,所述衬垫包括: 能拆卸地附着于所述框架的非面部接触部分; 适于接合患者面部的面部接触部分,所述面部接触部分包括侧壁、从侧壁延伸出且向内部弯曲进入衬垫的腔体内的边框,和充分包围边框的膜,膜包括与边框的外表面间隔开的内表面; 角板支撑部分,其放射状地向外延伸离开所述面部接触部分的侧壁一段距离以便在衬垫接触线之外提供附加的覆盖区域,所述附加的覆盖区域至少部分地限定通过所述面部接触部分施加到患者面部的接触力,并且所述距离在所述角板支撑部分的不同区域变化以改变在患者面部的不同区域施加的接触力;以及在所述角板支撑部分和所述面部接触部分之间的一点处设置在衬垫上的加固环,所述加固环被制成并且被设置为当受到压力时作为变硬环降低在 A respiratory mask apparatus, comprising: a frame; and a liner disposed on the frame, the gasket comprising: a detachably attached to the non-face-contacting portion of the frame; face-contacting portion adapted to engage the patient's face the face-contacting portion includes a side wall extending from the side wall and bent into the spacer frame to the interior cavity, and a full surround frame film, the film comprising an inner surface and an outer surface spaced from the bezel; gusset a support portion which extends radially outwardly a distance away from the sidewall face-contacting portion to provide additional coverage beyond the line of contact pads, the additional coverage area at least partially defined by the face contacting portion contact force applied to the patient's face, and the distance changes in different regions of the support gusset portion to change the contact force applied to different regions of the patient's face; and a contact portion of said support portion and said gusset portion at a point between the reinforcing ring is provided on the pad, the reinforcing ring is formed and arranged to harden when subjected to pressure as a decrease in ring 述点上衬垫的扩张趋向,所述加固环由聚碳酸酯制成。 The above-described dot gain tends liner, the reinforcement ring is made of polycarbonate.
2.如权利要求1所述的呼吸面罩装置,其中所述呼吸面罩装置是鼻部面罩装置。 Respiratory mask 2. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the device is a nasal respiratory mask mask device.
3.如权利要求1所述的呼吸面罩装置,进一步包括设置在所述框架的上部的前额支架。 Respiratory mask apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a forehead support disposed in an upper portion of the frame.
4.如权利要求3所述的呼吸面罩装置,进一步包括头盔,所述头盔包括可拆卸地连接到设置在所述前额支架上的夹住结构的上皮带,和可拆卸地连接到设置在所述框架上的夹住结构的下皮带。 4. The respiratory mask apparatus according to claim 3, further comprising a helmet, the helmet comprising a removably attached to the belt sandwich structure provided on the forehead support, and disposed detachably connected to the sandwiching the belt structure on said frame.
5.如权利要求1所述的呼吸面罩装置,进一步包括设置在所述框架的前部的旋转弯管组件。 5. The respiratory mask apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a swivel elbow assembly disposed in the front portion of the frame.
6.如权利要求1所述的呼吸面罩装置,其中所述膜比所述边框薄。 Breathing mask device of claim 1 wherein said film is thinner than said frame as claimed in claim.
7.如权利要求1所述的呼吸面罩装置,其中所述角板支撑部分沿着所述衬垫的整个周边延伸。 7. The respiratory mask apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the gusset extends along a portion of the gasket supporting the entire periphery.
8.如权利要求1所述的呼吸面罩装置,进一步包括弹性结构以提供作用在患者面部上的接触力分量。 Said apparatus respiratory mask as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a resilient structure to provide a contact force component acting on the patient's face.
9.如权利要求1所述的呼吸面罩装置,其中所述非面部接触部分、所述面部接触部分和所述角板支撑部分具有通常三角形状。 9. The respiratory mask apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the non-face contacting portion, the face contacting portion and the gusset having a generally triangular support portion.
10.如权利要求1所述的呼吸面罩装置,进一步包括衬垫夹,所述衬垫夹可拆卸地衔接所述框架,以便所述非面部接触部分的肩部定位于所述衬垫夹和框架之间以将所述衬垫附着于框架。 10. The respiratory mask apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a spacer interposed, the spacer frame of the adapter clip detachably to a shoulder portion of the non-contacting portion is positioned in the cushion clip and between the cushion to the frame attached to the frame.
11.如权利要求1所述的呼吸面罩装置,其中所述非面部接触部分、所述面部接触部分和所述角板支撑部分由硅制成。 11. The respiratory mask apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the non-face contacting portion, the face contacting portion and the gusset support portion is made of silicon.
CN201010000226.3A 2001-09-07 2003-09-05 Cushion for respiratory mask assembly CN101862496B (en)

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US10/235,846 2002-09-06
US10/235,846 US6823869B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2002-09-06 Mask assembly
US42468602P true 2002-11-08 2002-11-08
US60/424,686 2002-11-08
US48362203P true 2003-07-01 2003-07-01
US60/483,622 2003-07-01
CN03821172.62003.09.05 2003-09-05

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