US20140144111A1 - Filter cartridges; features and methods of assemlby; air cleaner assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations - Google Patents

Filter cartridges; features and methods of assemlby; air cleaner assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations Download PDF

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Publication number
US20140144111A1
US20140144111A1 US13/834,885 US201313834885A US2014144111A1 US 20140144111 A1 US20140144111 A1 US 20140144111A1 US 201313834885 A US201313834885 A US 201313834885A US 2014144111 A1 US2014144111 A1 US 2014144111A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
end
media
filter cartridge
cartridge
mm
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Abandoned
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US13/834,885
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Steven Campbell
Michael Baseotto
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Donaldson Co Inc
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Donaldson Co Inc
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Application filed by Donaldson Co Inc filed Critical Donaldson Co Inc
Priority to US13/834,885 priority patent/US20140144111A1/en
Publication of US20140144111A1 publication Critical patent/US20140144111A1/en
Assigned to DONALDSON COMPANY, INC. reassignment DONALDSON COMPANY, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BASEOTTO, MICHEL, CAMPBELL, STEVEN
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0002Casings; Housings; Frame constructions
    • B01D46/0005Mounting of filtering elements within casings, housings or frames
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0019Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0019Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition
    • B01D46/0023Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition connected in series
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0084Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours provided with safety means
    • B01D46/0098Protecting coverages on the filter which is removed before the filter is used, protection of filter, packaging
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/02Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, having hollow filters made of flexible material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/24Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using rigid hollow filter bodies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/24Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using rigid hollow filter bodies
    • B01D46/2403Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using rigid hollow filter bodies characterised by the physical shape or structure of the filtering element
    • B01D46/2411Filter cartridges
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/24Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using rigid hollow filter bodies
    • B01D46/2403Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using rigid hollow filter bodies characterised by the physical shape or structure of the filtering element
    • B01D46/2411Filter cartridges
    • B01D46/2414End caps including additional functions or special forms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/52Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filters embodying folded corrugated or wound sheet material
    • B01D46/521Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filters embodying folded corrugated or wound sheet material using folded, pleated material
    • B01D46/522Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filters embodying folded corrugated or wound sheet material using folded, pleated material with specific folds, e.g. having different lengths
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/52Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filters embodying folded corrugated or wound sheet material
    • B01D46/521Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filters embodying folded corrugated or wound sheet material using folded, pleated material
    • B01D46/523Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filters embodying folded corrugated or wound sheet material using folded, pleated material with means for maintaining spacing between the pleats or folds
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/0212Multiple cleaners
    • F02M35/0216Multiple cleaners arranged in series, e.g. pre- and main filter in series
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/024Air cleaners using filters, e.g. moistened
    • F02M35/02416Fixing, mounting, supporting or arranging filter elements; Filter element cartridges
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/024Air cleaners using filters, e.g. moistened
    • F02M35/02441Materials or structure of filter elements, e.g. foams
    • F02M35/0245Pleated, folded, corrugated filter elements, e.g. made of paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2201/00Details relating to filtering apparatus
    • B01D2201/12Pleated filters
    • B01D2201/127Pleated filters with means for keeping the spacing between the pleats
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2201/00Details relating to filtering apparatus
    • B01D2201/29Filter cartridge constructions
    • B01D2201/291End caps
    • B01D2201/295End caps with projections extending in a radial outward direction, e.g. for use as a guide, spacing means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2271/00Sealings for filters specially adapted for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D2271/02Gaskets, sealings
    • B01D2271/027Radial sealings

Abstract

Filter cartridge arrangements, features thereof and assembly for use therewith, are provided. Selected filter cartridge features disclosed are particularly well adapted for use with a safety or secondary filter cartridge, usable with media thereof projecting into an open interior of a main filter cartridge, in use. An example filter cartridge is described, with a non-pleated end and a pleated end, although variations are also described. Advantageous main cartridges are also described. Methods of assembly and systems for use are described.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
  • The above referenced application includes with edits, the disclosure of U.S. Ser. No. 61/731,259, filed Nov. 29, 2012. The complete disclosure of U.S. Ser. No. 61/731,259 is incorporated herein by reference. A claim of priority to U.S. Ser. No. 61/731,259 is made to the extent appropriate.
  • FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE
  • The present disclosure relates to filter cartridges, features and techniques. Example features and techniques described are configured to be particularly convenient as, or for use with, secondary or safety filter cartridges for air or other gas filter arrangements and assemblies. Advantageous main filter cartridges are also described. Preferred features of selected filter cartridges and methods of assembly are described.
  • BACKGROUND
  • Gas filters are used in a variety of assemblies and systems. For example, it is desirable to filter intake air to a variety of vehicles and other equipment. Typically, the intake air is combustion air for an internal combustion engine, often a diesel engine. Filtration is generally conducted with a gas (air) cleaner assembly (i.e. a filter assembly) typically including a housing and an internally positioned filter cartridge arrangement. The filter cartridge arrangement typically includes a main filter cartridge, through which the air is passed and which is operated with deposition of particulate material carried therein onto filter media of the main filter cartridge. In a variety of air cleaner assemblies, the main filter cartridge and the remainder of the assembly are configured for out-to-in flow during filtering, in reference to direction of air flow through the media of the main filter cartridge, during normal operation. When this is the case, the media of the main filter cartridge is typically configured surrounding an open filter interior that is a clean air side of the media.
  • In many instances, a safety or secondary filter cartridge is included within the filter assembly. When a safety or secondary filter cartridge is used with an assembly configured for out-to-in flow during filtering, the safety filter is typically configured with media thereof surrounding an open filter interior and projecting into an open filter (clean gas) interior of the main filter cartridge. Thus, after the gases (air) pass through the media of the main filter cartridge, the gases (air) pass through the media of the safety filter cartridge as those gases (air) are directed toward an outlet from the air cleaner.
  • In a typical assembly, both the main filter cartridge and the safety filter cartridge are configured as service components. That is, they are configured to be removable from, and to be replaceable within, the air cleaner assembly. As a result, each is generally provided with releasable housing seal, i.e., a seal which removably seals to a portion of the housing or air cleaner assembly, when the two filter cartridges are properly and operably positioned. Such seals are sometimes referred to as “releasable seals” since they can be established and be removed without damage to the cartridges or housing component(s) engaged.
  • A variety of assemblies have been developed which can use such general arrangements. Examples are described in WO 2009/014986 A1 and WO 2012/116314 A1, each which is incorporated herein by reference and which are owned by the owner of the present disclosure, Donaldson Co., Inc., of Bloomington Minn.
  • Issues relating to the safety or secondary filter cartridge configuration concern limitations in its size and shape imposed by the requirements of the gas filter assembly for location of the safety filter, typically enclosed within the main filter cartridge yet still meant to be removably sealed to a feature of the air cleaner assembly or housing; and the preferred desire to be able to service the main filter without dislodging the safety. Improvements have been sought.
  • SUMMARY
  • According to the present disclosure, features relating to filter cartridges, especially ones well adapted for use as, for use with, secondary or safety filter cartridges, are provided. Also methods of assembly and use are provided, as well as combinations of gas filter features and filter cartridge features.
  • According to one aspect of the present disclosure, a filter cartridge, typically to be used as a secondary or safety filter cartridge by being positioned with media thereof oriented projecting into an open interior of a main filter cartridge, is provided. The safety or secondary filter cartridge comprises an extension of media, typically surrounding an open filter interior and having a first end and the second end. In preferred configurations, at the first end, the media either: has no pleats; or, if pleated, preferably has no pleats greater than about 3 millimeters in depth, more preferably no greater than 2 mm in depth. However, at the second end, in most preferred applications, the media is pleated, with a pleat depth of at least 5 mm, typically at least 10 mm and often at least 15 mm.
  • This overall media and pleat configuration can be provided in a filter cartridge with a variety of additional features, to substantial advantage, as discussed below. In addition, it allows for an advantageous combination with main filter cartridge features and/or filter assembly features generally.
  • According to an alternate aspect of the present disclosure, some features and techniques usable in a media support one safety cartridge, for advantageously securing a filter cartridge in place, especially a secondary safety filter cartridge, are discussed and described. These can be used in combination with the preferred pleat feature(s) identified above, or in alternate configurations as desired. In an example depicted, an end of the cartridge includes an aperture therethrough, which is lined by a cushion and/or seal member. The housing can include structure that projects into engagement with the cushion and/or seal member, to advantage.
  • Also, herein selected advantageous structural features, for example media support features, for preferred filter cartridges are described. These can be used in association with the various features described previously in this section, or independently, to advantage.
  • Methods of assembling a filter cartridge in accord with the features described herein are also provided. The methods can be used to advantage, to achieve a desirable filter cartridge in an efficient manner.
  • Also according to the present disclosure, filter assemblies, including features specifically and advantageously configured for use with preferred filter cartridges are described herein are shown and described. Also main or primary filter cartridge configurations that particularly well adapted for use with components as characterized herein are described.
  • There is no specific requirement that a filter cartridge or component include all of the features specifically characterized herein, or even as specifically characterized above in this section, in order to obtain some benefit according to the present disclosure. Further, there is no specific requirement that the features described in the context of a safety or secondary filter cartridge, only be implemented in a safety filter cartridge, as opposed to an alternate filter cartridge, unless otherwise specifically recited. In addition, while the techniques are described in connection with air filtration, they can be applied in other types of gas filters or in filtering of other media. It is noted, however, that the techniques were particularly developed for, and are particularly advantageous for, air filter applications, especially these involving a secondary or safety filter cartridge.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a filter cartridge according to the present disclosure; the view being taken generally along line 1-1, FIG. 2.
  • FIG. 1A is an enlarged, fragmentary, schematic view of a first identified portion of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 1B is an enlarged, fragmentary, schematic view of a second identified portion of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 1C is a schematic cross-sectional view analogous to FIG. 1, showing some optional variations in the filter cartridge of FIG. 1D.
  • FIG. 1D is an enlarged fragmentary schematic view of an identified portion of FIG. 1C.
  • FIG. 1E is an enlarged fragmentary schematic view of an identified portion of FIG. 1C.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic enlarged end view of the filter cartridge of FIG. 1; the view being taken toward a top end in the view/orientation of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 2A is a view analogous to FIG. 2, but of the cartridge as depicted in FIG. 1C.
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic, enlarged, second end view of the filter cartridge of FIG. 1; the view of FIG. 3 being taken toward the bottom end of the view/orientation of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic exploded view of the filter cartridge of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a frame piece component of the cartridge of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic end view of the frame piece of FIG. 5; the view of FIG. 6 being taken toward the top end of the view/orientation of FIG. 5.
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the frame piece of FIG. 5, taken generally along line 7-7, of FIG. 6.
  • FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view of a filter media component of the filter cartridge of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 9 is a schematic end view of the filter media component of FIG. 8; the view of FIG. 9 being taken toward the top end of the view/orientation of FIG. 8.
  • FIG. 9A is a view generally analogous to FIG. 9, with selected dimensions indicated.
  • FIG. 10 is a schematic side elevational view of the media component of FIG. 8.
  • FIG. 11 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an example housing for use in an air cleaner assembly that can include a cartridge according to FIGS. 1-10, according to the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 11A is a schematic enlarged fragmentary view of a selected portion of FIG. 11.
  • FIG. 11B is an enlarged fragmentary schematic view of a second selected portion of FIG. 11.
  • FIG. 12 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a housing of a filter assembly according to the present disclosure, having a safety cartridge in general accord with FIGS. 1-10 installed therein.
  • FIG. 12A is an enlarged fragmentary schematic view of a selected portion of FIG. 12.
  • FIG. 12B is an enlarged fragmentary schematic view of a selected portion of FIG. 12.
  • FIG. 12C is a schematic view generally analogous to FIG. 12, with selected dimensions indicated.
  • FIG. 13 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an air cleaner assembly according to the present disclosure having a main filter cartridge therein and a safety filter cartridge in accord with FIGS. 1-10 installed therein.
  • FIG. 13A is an enlarged schematic fragmentary view of an identified portion of FIG. 13
  • FIG. 13B is an enlarged fragmentary schematic view of a second identified portion of FIG. 13.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION I. An Improved Secondary or Safety Filter Cartridge Generally, FIGS. 1-10 A. Further Regarding Safety or Secondary Cartridge Use in Filter Assemblies Generally; Some Selected Issues of Concern
  • As indicated previously, in general the present disclosure relates to features and techniques that are specifically adapted for advantageous use in secondary or safety filter cartridge arrangements and assemblies; although the techniques can be applied in other applications. The techniques are understandable, for example, in the context of use in an air cleaner assembly, such as ones having features as generally described in WO 2009/014986A1 or WO 2012/116314 A1, incorporated herein by reference.
  • In general, such filter assemblies comprise an air cleaner housing and a primary or main filter cartridge. The main filter cartridge typically comprises media surrounding an open filter interior. The assembly is typically configured for “out-to-in” flow during filtering, with respect to gas (air) flow direction through the media of the main filter cartridge. By the term “out-to-in” flow in this context, it is meant that the flow during filtering through the media of the main filter cartridge is generally: from a region outside of the cartridge, through the main cartridge media, to the open filter interior of the main cartridge surrounded by media. Thus, the open filter interior of the main filter cartridge is a clean air region.
  • The main filter cartridge is positioned to be loaded with contaminant thereon during use, and is, as a result, typically constructed as a serviceable component. Thus, the housing is typically configured with a main housing body or base section and an access cover, the access cover comprising a serviceable cover removable for internal servicing. The main filter cartridge is typically configured to be removably installed within the housing interior. To accomplish this, the main filter cartridge has a releasable housing seal. By “releasable”, in this context, it is meant that the seal is established by the main cartridge engaging a selected portion of the housing (or assembly) when the cartridge is installed, and the seal is readily removed and released when the cartridge is removed from the housing. Such “releasable” seals are capable of being separated or removed without damage to either the main filter cartridge or the housing.
  • Many features concerning main filter cartridge configuration, relate to: ensuring a desirable amount of filter media surface area available for load, given limitations on volume, etc.; ensuring that the housing seal is configured so that the seal is properly established and maintained; and, ensuring that the cartridge cannot be misinstalled and/or that an alternate, inappropriate, cartridge cannot be inadvertently installed in the system. A variety of constructions have been developed to address these issues, including the general ones described in WO 2009/014986 A1 and/or WO 2012/116314 A1.
  • A housing, for example of an air cleaner assembly, is typically provided with an outlet air (gas) conduit or tube, in communication with open interior of the main filter cartridge. Thus, the housing seal on the main filter cartridge is typically either sealed to the outlet flow tube, or to a portion of the housing that surrounds a volume with which the outlet flow conduit or tube communicates. Herein, the portion of the air cleaner assembly to which the seal of the main cartridge releaseably engages, will be referred to as a portion of the housing, whether it is an outlet separable from a remainder of the housing structure, or some structure integral with other portions of the housing structure.
  • In many systems, it is desirable to provide the air cleaner assembly with a serviceable safety or secondary filter cartridge. The safety or secondary cartridge is typically positioned in the air (gas) flow path between the main filter cartridge, and the outlet flow exit of filtered air (gas) from the filter assembly (housing). When the main filter cartridge is configured for “out-to-in flow” during filtering, this means that the safety or secondary cartridge is typically positioned with at least a portion thereof oriented within the main filter cartridge interior.
  • Herein, the terms “secondary” or “safety” when used in reference to a filter cartridge positioned with media downstream of the main filter cartridge, are meant to be used interchangeably and without differentiated meaning.
  • Preferably, the safety filter cartridge is a serviceable component independent of the main filter cartridge. This means: that the main filter cartridge can be installed in, and be removed from, the housing, without removing (and preferably without dislodging from proper mounting) the safety cartridge; and, that servicing the main filter cartridge does not necessarily require servicing the safety filter cartridge.
  • Independent main and safety cartridges are advantageous for a number of reasons. An advantage, is that when the main cartridge is serviced, the safety cartridge can be left in place so as to avoid dirt and dust from entering the clean gas (air) plenum of the gas (air) cleaner system, for example as an interior of the housing is cleaned. Other advantages relate to convenience of installation and assembly, as well as convenience of component manufacture. In addition, separate construction allows for efficient material usage and disposition, especially since the main filter cartridge may need to be serviced, or be removed for inspection, more often than the safety cartridge.
  • There are a number of issues relating to safety or secondary filter cartridge configuration and assembly. For example, in many air cleaner assemblies, there is little option available for location of sealing between the housing and the safety filter cartridge. One region sometimes available, is an interior (or exterior) of a flange or tubular surface that surrounds a gas exit flow from the housing. This could, for example, comprise a surface of an outlet flow tube, or it could comprise a surface of a flange that projects into the housing at a location surrounding, but spaced from, the outlet flow tube.
  • When a cartridge seals to such a flange or tube, the seal is sometimes referenced as “radially” directed. By this, it is meant that the seal forces are generally directed around a central axis, with the forces of sealing being generally directed toward or away from that central axis. Typically, the central axis referenced, is an axis through an air flow exit from the associated cartridge, typically an axis surrounded by the media. A seal may be referred to as “radially outwardly directed” and by similar terms, if the seal engages a housing component that surrounds the seal during use; and, the seal may be generally characterized as “radially inwardly directed” or by similar terms, when the seal is configured to surround and engage the housing component in use.
  • An issue with radially directed seals, is that they can take-up radial dimension within the housing. This reduces the cross-sectional area available for gas flow exiting the cartridge and/or housing, and can undesirably add to restriction.
  • Of course, the housing in which the safety cartridge is used can be made sufficiently large to minimize this problem, but there are limitations imposed on this by: a preference for the main filter cartridge to have as much surface area and media volume as reasonably possible; a preference that the air cleaner be as small and light as reasonably possible; cost and material issues; and, issues with handling and shipping components.
  • The restriction issue presented by reduction in cross-sectional area defined by the safety cartridge for air flow, as characterized in this section, relates to the dimension of radial direction (width) of the secondary or safety filter cartridge toward a central axis, from the seal surface, i.e. the part of the radial seal positioned to sealingly engage the housing. In general, it is desired that this amount of radial width or extension of the safety cartridge structure be maintained as small as reasonably possible, so as to ensure that the outlet flow cross-sectional size, through an end of the safety filter cartridge and to the outlet from the housing, remains as large as reasonably possible.
  • A variety of techniques have been implemented to manage this issue with the safety cartridge. An example depicted in WO 2012/116314, includes configuring the safety cartridge from non-pleated media, so as to limit the amount of radial dimension taken up by the media. Such techniques have been applied in a wide variety of safety filter or secondary filter element configurations.
  • However, there are issues presented from using non-pleated media. In particular, it limits the amount of media surface area in a safety filter available for filtering. In general terms, the surface area of media available in the filter cartridge is preferably as large as reasonable for the volume available. This renders advantageous media face velocities. Media face velocity is generally the gas flow rate through the media divided by upstream surface area of the media. Smaller media surfaces lead to higher face velocities. Higher face velocities are typically less desirable than lower face velocities for a number of reasons. For example, higher face velocities generally result in a greater restriction placed on air flow through the air cleaner assembly, which is undesirable with respect to equipment operation and filter lifetime. Also, the higher the face velocity, the more likely a particle can penetrate through the media and reach the clean air (gas) plenum.
  • It can be understood that non-pleated media of a given outer perimeter size has a higher face velocity than pleated media which defines the same outer perimeter size (i.e., outer perimeter size disregarding pleat presence). However, introduction of pleats into the media has generally been undesired for certain secondary filters, as pleats introduce radial width dimension to the cartridge, which leads to increase in restriction to gas flow outwardly from the cartridge and assembly. Herein in the next section, the filter cartridge features are described, which can be applied to balance these issues to advantage.
  • In addition, especially with a safety cartridge that projects into the open interior of the main cartridge during use, gas flow exiting the main cartridge and being directed toward the gas flow outlet can be affected by the shape features of the secondary cartridge. Advantageous shape features are discussed in the next section, which can lead to more desirable flow characteristics. This can help limit restriction increase and provide more desired filter assembly operation.
  • The issues of limited surface area available for secondary or safety filter systems are exacerbated, when the main filter cartridge tapers downwardly in extension from an exit end toward a remote end of the cartridge. This is because the inward tapering of the main filter cartridge reduces cross-sectional area into which the safety filter can project, adjacent an end of the main filter cartridge remote from the air flow exit. Techniques described herein can be applied advantageously to manage such issues, in a variety of systems.
  • B. An Example Filter Media Configuration FIGS. 1-10.
  • The reference numeral 1, FIG. 1, generally depicts a filter cartridge in accord with the present disclosure. The example filter cartridge 1 depicted, is configured with features advantageous for use in a safety or secondary filter cartridge, for example to be used in an assembly configured for out-to-in flow through a main filter cartridge during operation; and, in which the secondary filter cartridge is configured to be sealed radially to a surface of a housing component tube or (flange), with a media of the safety filter cartridge projecting into an open filter interior of a main cartridge. It will be understood that the selected advantageous features described herein, however, can be applied in a variety of alternate applications/configurations.
  • Referring to FIG. 1, the filter cartridge 1 depicted comprises an extension 2 e of media 2 extending between first and second media ends 3, 4. In general terms, the media 2 surrounds a central axis X and defines an open interior 2 i, which corresponds to a clean gas (air) side of the media 2.
  • The first media end 3 is positioned at an exit end for filter and gases, from the filter cartridge 1. That is, end 3 of the media corresponds to an open exit flow end 7 of the filter cartridge 1, for filtered gases flow during use. It is in regions adjacent end 7 that it is most desirable that the filter cartridge 1 maintain a relatively small radial (width) dimension, so as to avoid increasing restriction to gas flow exit, to an extent reasonable.
  • To provide for the advantageous opening 7, preferably media 2, at end 3, is non-pleated or minimally pleated. By “minimally pleated” in its context, it is meant that if there is any pleat definition at end 3 at all, it is no more than 3 mm in pleat depth. Preferably, any such pleat definition is with a pleat depth of no more than 2 mm and more preferably no more than 1 mm. By “pleat depth” in its context, reference is meant to a dimension of a pleat radially inwardly from an outermost perimeter, in a direction toward central axis X. Most preferably at end 3, the media 2 is not pleated at all, i.e. it has no pleat depth.
  • However, as explained above, it is desirable to provide the media 2 with a surface velocity as low as reasonable. Thus, it is desired for the media 2 to have a pleated configuration in spite of the fact that it is desirable to have minimal or no pleat depth at end 3. To accommodate this, the media 2 is provided with a pleat definition adjacent second end 4. Preferably the pleat definition is one that decreases in pleat depth in a direction of pleat extension from end 4 toward end 3. Such a pleat is shown in FIG. 1, for example, at 10, with a pleat depth at end 4 being at least 5 mm, preferably at least 10 mm, often at least 15 mm, and in many instances 20 mm or more. Indeed, for a typical application, a pleat depth at end 4, (i.e. at the second end of the media), on the order of 15-40 mm is typical, although alternatives are possible. This can be used to provide a media area at least 10%, typically at least 20%, and often 25% or more, greater than a media area if non-pleated media of the some outer perimeter size, is used.
  • In general terms, adjacent the second end 4, the media 2 is pleated, comprising a plurality of pleats having a pleat depth of at least 5 mm and preferably as defined. Herein, when it is said that a “plurality of pleats” has this definition, it is not meant that every pleat adjacent the end 4 must have this definition, but merely that there be a set or plurality of them of that does. In a typical example as depicted, however, every pleat adjacent end 4 has a pleat depth in accord with the characterizations of the previous paragraph, to achieve preferable media area increase.
  • An example media configuration depicted to provide for this definition, can be understood by reference to FIG. 8. Referring to FIG. 8, the media 2 is depicted surrounding axis X and in extension between first, in the example non-pleated (or minimally pleated) end 3, and, opposite, second, end 4. The second end 4 comprises a plurality of inwardly directed (inner) pleats 10 and a plurality of outwardly directed (outer) pleats 11; the inner pleats 10 and outer pleats 11, alternating. In a typical application of the principles according to the present disclosure, media 2 will comprise at least 5 each of inner pleats 10 and at least 5 such outer pleats 11, and typically not more than about 15 of each. A typical number will be within the range of about 6-12 inclusive, although alternatives are possible.
  • The techniques described herein can be applied with an alternate number of pleats, and the number of pleats is not critical to obtain some advantage. However, relatively few pleats (12 or less) that have relatively wide pleat definitions facing radially outwardly, i.e. along the outer perimeter, can be advantageous for desirable gas flow characteristics and avoidance of undesirable gas flow restriction.
  • Referring to FIGS. 9 and 9A, views taken toward media end 4, typically, the outer pleats 11 will have a generally wide, rounded, as opposed to sharp, pleat tip definition, for example, defining a radius at end 4 for each pleat 11 of at least 3 mm, typically at least 4 mm, for example typically 4-11 mm, inclusive. This will be advantageous with respect to formation of the configuration, although alternatives are possible. The inner pleats 10, however, will typically be formed more sharp and to a smaller radius of curvature. A typical radius for the inner pleat tips would be no larger than 3 mm and often no larger than 2 mm.
  • As indicated, the outer pleats 11 are typically and preferably relatively wide. By this, it is meant that the opposite sides 11 a, 11 b, FIG. 9, of the pleats 11, adjacent end 4, generally diverge from one another at an angle of at least 10°, typically at least 15°, for example in the order of 15-30°, inclusive; and/or the pleat sides 11 a, 11 b reach a distance apart from one another of at least 8 mm, usually at least 10 mm and often 10-20 mm, within a selected distance from the outermost pleat tip 11 t of no greater than about 15 mm.
  • The relatively wide, rounded, outer tips 11 t of the outer pleats 11 provides for a large outside surface area for engagement with support structure, as discussed below. It is desirable to avoid a sharp point at pleat tips 11 t, at least for that reason. The relatively sharp internal pleats 10 t provide for convenient assembly and manufacturing, as well as desirable media characteristics and flow characteristics.
  • Referring to FIG. 9, it is noted that the outer pleat tips 11 t, adjacent end 4, are angularly spaced rather widely, with spacing (on center) being on the order of at least 30°, typically 30-50°, inclusive, (usually 35°-50°, inclusive) around central axis X. The dimension of this spacing (outer pleat tip 11 t to outer pleat tip 11 t) is typically at least 20 mm, usually at least 30 mm, for example 35 mm to 55 mm, inclusive. Also, the inner pleat tips, adjacent end 4, are spaced rather widely, typically at least 30° often at least 35° and usually in the order of 35°-50°, inclusive. This creates long, wide flow channels on the exterior 11 c and on the interior 10 c, along which gases can flow toward the outlet end 3. This provides an arrangement that is desirable with respect to management of gas flow restriction issues, and is a reason why it is desired to not have an excessive number of pleats (greater than 12, and typically 10 or less) in spite of the advantages from increased surface area and lower face velocity.
  • In FIG. 9A, some example dimensions are provided as follows: ZX=1.5 mm radius; ZY=8 mm radius; ZW=124.7 mm diameter; ZC=2 mm; YA=119 mm; and, YB=124.7 mm.
  • In FIG. 10, example dimensions are as follows: AE=379 mm; AF=124.7 mm.
  • C. Media Support and Filter Cartridge Features; FIGS. 1-7
  • Typically, the outermost tips 11 t of outer pleats 11 and innermost tips 10 t of a plurality of the pleats 10 will extend generally straight, in extension from end 4 in a direction toward end 3. Typically, the outer pleat tips 11 t will either extend parallel to central axis X, or at an acute angle of no less than 88° and typically no less than 89° with respect to a plane perpendicular to central axis X. Typically, the pleat tips 11 t of a plurality of pleats 11 extend at an angle relative to a plane perpendicular central axis X of about 88-90°, inclusive.
  • A plurality of inner pleat tips 10 t, typically extend radially outwardly from central axis X substantially, and extend at an acute angle of no greater than 88°, typically no greater than 87° and often within the range of 75°-86°, inclusive, relative to a plane perpendicular to central axis X; with the extension being radially outward in extension from adjacent end 4 in a direction toward end 3.
  • Typically, an angle (acute angle) of extension of the plurality of outer pleat tips 11 t (relative to a plane perpendicular to central cartridge axis X in a direction of extension from end 4 toward end 3) is at least 1° larger, typically at least 2° larger and often at least 4° larger, than an analogous acute angle of extension of the plurality of inner pleat tips 10 t relative to the same plane perpendicular to the central cartridge axis X and also in extension from adjacent end 4 in a direction toward end 3. Typically, end 22 is an end of the media support 20 engaged by end 4 of the media. End 21 is an end remote from end 22, in the direction of cartridge end 7 and media end 3. The end 21 will typically be positioned closer to media end 3 than to media end 4, and typically within 50 mm of end 3, usually within 40 mm of end 3, most often within 20 mm of end 3 and in many instances, within 10 mm of end 3. In some instances, end 21 may be positioned at media end 3, but in the example depicted, end 21 is recessed toward media end 4, slightly, from media end 3, as discussed below.
  • In FIG. 10, a side view of the media 2 in the configuration of FIG. 8 is shown. In FIG. 10, example dimensions are indicated as follows: AE=379 mm; AF=124.7 mm. Of course the principles can be implemented in a variety of different sizes and different arrangements.
  • In the particular cartridge 1 depicted, FIG. 1, the media 2 is supported by a frame arrangement 20, referenced generally as a media support. The media support 20 generally extends between media support first and second ends 21 and 22. Preferably, the media support adds relatively minimally to the radial thickness or dimension of cartridge 1, near end 7. Near end 7 (and support end 21) the cartridge 1 is depicted with a housing seal member 25 thereon. In the example depicted, the housing seal member 25 comprises an o-ring 26 configured to form a radially (outwardly) directed, seal with a (surrounding) housing component, during installation.
  • Typically, a largest radial dimension of width, indicated generally or by dimension X, FIG. 1A, of the cartridge 1, at a selected location within 50 mm of media end 3 and cartridge end 7, is a radial dimension adjacent a largest radial reach of the seal member 25. Typically, this location is within 40 mm of media end 3 and cartridge end 7, usually within 30 mm of media end 3, and cartridge end 7 and most preferably within 15 mm of cartridge end 7.
  • Referring to FIG. 1A, it is noted that for the example depicted, at end 3 a portion of the media 2 extends axially beyond end 21 of the support 20. This optional extension, which is usually no more than 10 mm typically no more than 5 mm, sometimes no more than 3 mm, and which can be 2 mm less, for example 1 mm or less, but usually at least 0.5 mm, is an optional extension that can provide advantage. In particular, it creates a flexible media tail region that can assist in providing a secondary seal adjacent the end of a support on which the cartridge 1 can be mounted during typical use and also potentially against an adjacent end of the housing. Thus, referring to FIG. 1A, typically at end 3, the media 2 has an end tip 3 t that is not directly radially engaged by any portion of support 20 and is not embedded with any end cap material or similar material, but rather is a “free end tip 3 t.”
  • Typically, the widest portion of the cartridge 1, in a radial direction, adjacent, but typically spaced from tip 3 t, by no more than 20 mm, at end 3, and at a location of the seal 26, has an overall width dimension of no greater than 20 mm, typically no greater than 15 mm and often no greater than 12 mm. This, again, is the dimension indicated in FIG. 1A at X, and is meant to refer to a dimension without distortion of seal 25 by sealing engagement with structure. It may be referred to as the undistorted cartridge radial width dimension adjacent the housing seal. This dimension X, FIG. 1A, is usually at least 5 mm less than the pleat depth adjacent end 14, typically at least 10 mm less, sometimes at least 15 mm less.
  • The inner pleats 10 are characterized herein as relatively sharp. This is because the pleat tips 10 t adjacent end 4 are typically quite sharp in definition, not widely rounded. The inner pleats 10 may be relatively wide themselves, for example, with sides 10 a, 10 b diverging at an angle of at least 30° typically at least 40° for example 40°-70° in extension from the inner pleat tips 10 t at a location adjacent end 4.
  • Referring to FIG. 1A, the support 20 includes a seal support ring, end ring (seal end ring) or seal support member 27 adjacent end 21; the seal support member 27 defining a groove 27 g for receipt of seal such as o-ring 26, therein. It will typically be the portion of the end member 27 that defines the groove 27 g that provides for the widest depth dimension X, FIG. 1A, in combination with the seal 26, adjacent end 7 of the cartridge.
  • Referring again to FIG. 1, the support 20 preferably not only provides for seal support, at region 27, but also provides for radial support of the media 2. Thus, the support 20 includes a longitudinally extending media support region 29 that extends between support ends 21, 22.
  • With respect to detail concerning the example media support 20 depicted, attention is directed to FIG. 5. Of course variations in structure can be made, as will be understood from the following.
  • In FIG. 5, the example support 20 is depicted independently of the media 2 and seal member 25. With respect to FIG. 5, it is noted that in a typical approach to assembly in cartridge 1, discussed below, the support 20 is not made independently of the cartridge 1. That is, typically, the support 20 is injected molded onto the media 2, for a typical approach to manufacture of cartridge 1. Such a support 20 will sometimes be characterized herein as “molded-in-place” or by similar terms. The view of FIG. 5, which shows features of the support 20 independently of the media 2, allows for an understanding of certain, selected, preferred support 20 features. It is also noted that some of the techniques and advantages described herein can be obtained in an arrangement in which the support is not molded-in-place on the media 2, but rather is separately formed and then is attached to the media 2 to form a cartridge.
  • Referring to FIG. 5, the support 20 can be seen as including a longitudinal support section 29 comprising a plurality of longitudinal ribs 30 in extension between ends 30 a, 30 b. The ribs 30 are spaced, radially, around a central axis X, FIG. 1. Typically, the ribs 30 extend from adjacent end 4 of the media to a location at least 50% of a distance toward the first end 3 of the media, usually at least 75%, typically at least 80% and often at least 90% of this distance.
  • Referring to FIG. 5, ends 30 a of the ribs 30 are generally positioned adjacent end or end region 21 of support 20. The opposite ends 30 b are generally positioned adjacent end 22. In the example depicted, the ribs 30 are straight in extension between the ends 30 a, 30 b, because preferably they are configured to engage and extend along outer pleat tips 11 t. When this is the case, the number of ribs 30 will typically correspond to the number of outer pleats 11, although alternatives are possible. Also, typically the ribs 30 will be radially evenly spaced around central axis X, since typically the pleats 11 will also be similarly spaced. Alternatives are possible. Engagement of the ribs 30 with the pleats 11 and pleat tips 11 t (and with the ribs 30 extending generally straight in extension between end 30 a, 30 b, with even radial spacing around axis X) will typically be preferred as it helps secure the media 2 and the pleats 11 in a preferred configuration, of the type described. (Preferably there are no ribs 30 that are not positioned along a pleat tip 11 t).
  • The cartridge 1, of FIG. 1, using support 20, is provided with a pleat shape or spacer arrangement not viewable in FIG. 1, but viewable in FIG. 5 at 35. In general, the pleat spacer arrangement 35 is an arrangement that comprises relatively rigid projections that extend radially toward axis X and into spaces between the various ones of the outer pleats 11 (FIG. 8), to help ensure proper pleat spacing/shape. This helps protect the media 2 against pleat collapse, etc. For the particular example depicted, the pleat spacer arrangement 35 is provided as an outside or exterior spacer arrangement, with the projections extending between the outer pleats 11, at a location around an outer perimeter of the media 2.
  • The terms “exterior” or “outside” when used in the context of characterizing spacer arrangement 35, is meant to indicate that the spacer arrangement is generally configured around an outside of the media 2, with pleat spacing portions positioned between outwardly extending pleats 11. The terms “exterior” and “outside”, then, refer to the fact that the pleat spacer 35 is generally around an exterior of the media 2, not an interior.
  • Referring to FIG. 5, and in general in reference to pleat spacer arrangement 35, the assembly includes at least one intermediate pleat spacer 36. The term “intermediate” in this context, is meant to refer to a pleat spacer 36 positioned axially spaced (i.e. in the direction of axis X) from each of ends 22 and 21 of support 20, and spaced from each of ends 3, 4 (FIG. 8) of the media 2. The particular pleat spacer arrangement 35 depicted, includes three, spaced, intermediate pleat spacers 36, 37, 38. In more general terms, the pleat spacing arrangement 35 will typically include at least one, and usually a plurality of, intermediate pleat spacers (36, 37, and 38). The typical number will be at least two and usually there will not be more than 5; the number typically being related to a length of the cartridge 1 and the nature of support preferred for the media 2, for the intended use.
  • Referring to FIG. 5, intermediate pleat spacer 36 is configured to surround an outer (or exterior) surface 20 of the media 2; and, to have a plurality of spaced radial projections 36 r that extend radially to tips 36 t in a direction toward the central axis X and which extend, generally, between outer pleats 11, in the assembled cartridge 1, FIG. 1. Similarly, intermediate pleat spacer 37 comprises a plurality of spacers 37 r directed, generally, radially inwardly to tips 37 t, i.e., toward central axis X, and positioned between outer pleats 11. Finally, pleat spacer 38 comprises a plurality of radial extensions 38 r that extend generally radially inwardly to tips 38 t towards the central axis X, and which are configured to be positioned between adjacent ones of outer pleats 11.
  • It is noted that in the example cartridge 1 depicted, the amount of extension (or radial dimension) toward axis X inwardly of tips 38 r is less than tips 37 t, which is less than tips 36 t. The reason for this is that for the example cartridge 1 depicted, the pleat depth of the media 2 decreases as it extends toward end 21 from 22 as discussed above in connection with FIGS. 8-10.
  • Still referring to FIG. 5, typically ribs 30 and pleat spacers 36, 37, 38, are molded integral with one another, for convenience. A particular, convenient, assembly approach is described further herein below.
  • The particular configuration of the pleat spacers 36, 37, 38 (i.e., spacer arrangement 35 generally) is generally a matter of choice for the application of concern and the methods of concern. Typically, the pattern defined by the spacers (36, 37, 38) will correspond to the pattern intended for the media 2, with respect to the definition of the perimeter configuration. Whether or not each one of the spacers (36, 37, and 38) is in a plane perpendicular to central axis X is a matter of choice, in part depending on the particular approach to manufacture used. Whether or not the upper and lower surfaces of the spacers 36, 37, 38 (upper and lower in this context referring to the extension of FIG. 5) are planar, is also a matter of choice depending on the method of manufacture chosen. The particular configuration depicted in FIG. 5 is convenient and effective, but alternatives are possible.
  • The spacing of the pleat spacers 36, 37, 38 from one another, and from adjacent ones of ends 21, 22, is a matter of choice for accomplishing the desired support for a given system. Typically, spacers 36, 37, 38 will be spaced relatively evenly from adjacent ones of the spacers 36, 37, 38 and relatively evenly from opposite ends 21, 22. Thus, for example, each could be spaced from an adjacent spacer by about 20-30% of the distance between the ends 21, 22.
  • Still referring to FIG. 5, at end 22, which is an end of support 20 that will be positioned adjacent end 4 of the media 2, FIG. 1, the support 20 (in cartridge 1) includes an end piece 40. End piece 40 will sometimes be referred to as a media end piece or as a media support end piece or by similar terms. The end piece 40 is generally positioned to extend across an end of the media 2 at end 4, i.e., an end remote from the outlet end 7 of the cartridge.
  • In general, the end piece 40 interiorly closes ends of the pleats 10, 11 adjacent media end 4. When, the support 20 is molded-in-place, it is typically formed with end 4 of the media 2 embedded in material from which the end piece 4 is formed. When it is said that the end piece 40 “interiorly closes” the ends of pleats 10, 11, it is meant that the closure is at least on an inside of the media 2, i.e. at a downstream side of the media.
  • The end piece 40 can be an “open” end piece or a “closed” end piece. By the term “closed” in this context, it is meant that the end piece 40 would include no central aperture therethrough, in communication with an open interior 2 i of the media 2 (interior li of the cartridge 1), FIG. 1. For the particular cartridge 1 depicted, the preferred end piece 40 is “open,” in that there is a central aperture 40 a therethrough, that communicates with the open interior 2 i of the media 2 (i.e., open interior 1 i of the cartridge 1), FIG. 1. When the cartridge 1 is installed for use, a portion of the housing can optionally project through aperture 40 a, stabilizing the cartridge 1. Also, when the cartridge 1 is installed for use, the optional aperture 40 a often be sealed closed to avoid a leak path with respect to operation of the cartridge 1.
  • Referring to FIG. 5, the end piece 40 for the example embodiment depicted, has an outer perimeter 40 p comprising a plurality of alternating radially inwardly extending sections, gaps or recesses 40 i and outwardly projecting fingers, flanges or sections 40 o. The recesses 40 i are typically positioned in axial overlap with end of flutes along an exterior or upstream side of the media 2. While alternate perimeter definitions are possible, this definition of alternating outward projections 40 o and inwardly projecting recesses or sections 40 i is desirable, because it allows for a longitudinal (axial) flow of gases (e.g., air) in a direction along the outer surface 2 o (FIG. 8) of the media 2, between outer pleats 11, adjacent end 4 and between projections 40 p. This provides for a convenient, less restrictive, gas flow. Alternative shapes for end piece 40 are possible, however.
  • Typically, the number of projections 40 o and recesses 40 i corresponds to the number of pleats 11.
  • Typically, each of the recesses 40 i projects radially inwardly toward central axis X, a distance of at least 10 mm (relative to the projections 40 p) usually at least 15 mm and often an amount within the range of 20-40 mm. Also typically the recesses 40 r project toward central axis X, a distance of at least 25%, usually at least 30%, and often an amount within the range of 40-60%, inclusive, of the distance between outermost parts of the projections 40 p and the central axis X. Typically, the projections 40 p are spaced apart (at outermost tips) by at least 30 mm, usually at least 35 mm; and, by an angular definition around central axis X of at least 30°, typically at least 40°.
  • The depth of the recesses 40 i characterized in the previous paragraph is not critical, but does provide for advantage. In particular, it ensures a good, open, area along a longitudinal (axial) flow path through end piece 40 down in between outer pleats 11 during operation, which is a favorable flow path for managing restriction issues.
  • Referring to FIG. 5, end piece 40 generally includes a central region 45 that extends across an otherwise open interior end of the media 2 at end 4, FIG. 1. Referring to FIG. 1, central region 45 is defined by an inner surface 45 i and outer surface 45 o; the inner surface 45 i being the surface that faces an interior 1i the cartridge 1 (and media end 3, cartridge end 7 and support end 21); and, the exterior surface 45 o being an opposite surface.
  • In FIG. 1B, an enlarged fragmentary view of a portion of the cartridge 1, FIG. 1, is provided, for some convenient inspection on end piece 40. In general, the aperture 40 a, referenced above, extends through central region 45, in communication between inner surface 45 i and outer surface 45 o.
  • Within the interior surface 45 i, end member 40 (i.e., central portion 45 of cartridge 1 generally) includes a receiver recess 46 r. The receiver recess 46 r generally comprises a recess in a projection 46 projecting in a direction (of extension of central axis X) away from end 7 of the cartridge 1, FIG. 1. It is not, however, meant that the projection 46 necessarily extends parallel to central axis X. Typically, the central recess 46 r is defined by a wall symmetrical in extension around central axis X, although alternatives are possible. The receiver recess 46 r is defined by a wall or projection 46 having surface 46 p and is configured to optionally to receive, projecting therein, structure of certain preferred types of housings with which the cartridge 1 can be used, as discussed below.
  • It is noted that the optional aperture 40 a is provided in communication with recess 46 r, with central axis X passing therethrough. When the optional aperture 40 a is used, this will be a typical position. In certain applications, a portion of a housing that optionally projects into recess 46 r will also be configured to project completely through aperture 40 a, in a preferred manner, discussed below.
  • Referring to the wall 46 p of surface 45 i that defines the recess 40 a, it is noted that for the example depicted, FIG. 11B, surface 46 p is generally frusto-conical or truncated; reducing in inner perimeter cross-dimension definition (typically diameter) in extension in a general direction of axis X away from media end 3 and support end 21. A typical configuration will have such a slant or frusto-conical shape to it, with the side wall 46 p extending, generally, radially inwardly at an angle of about 85°-99.5°, inclusive, relative to a plane perpendicular to central axis X, in extension away from media end 3 and support end 21. Alternatives are possible.
  • Referring to FIG. 1B, it is noted that the aperture 40 a in the particular example depicted, has been fitted with (i.e. is lined with) a liner or grommet 48. The particular liner or grommet 48 depicted, includes an optional central aperture 48 a therethrough, corresponding in part to aperture 40 a. The grommet 48, when used, will typically comprise a resilient, seal-type, material.
  • Typically, the recess 46 r extends, axially, a distance of at least 15 mm usually at least 20 mm, often 20-40 mm, inclusive, in extension between an innermost end 46 i and on outermost end 46 o, FIG. 1B. The liner or grommet 48 will typically extend, axially, at least 10% of an axial extension (extension in the direction of axis X) of recess 46, typically an amount within the range of 20-40%, inclusive, of this extension.
  • Referring to FIG. 1, for the particular cartridge 1 depicted, the outer surface 45 o of the end piece 40, includes an optional outer receiving groove 50 therein. The outer receiving groove 50 is a groove that is open in a direction away from media end 3 and extends generally toward end 7 from regions adjacent end 8. The groove 50 is typically and preferably at least 5 mm deep in axial extension from immediately adjacent portions, typically surrounding portions, of end member 40, typically at least 8 mm deep and often 8-20 mm, inclusive, deep. Typically, the groove 50 is at least 5 mm wide, typically at least 6 mm wide and often 6-30 mm, inclusive, wide, in extension between radially inner surface 50 i and radially outer surface 50 o thereof. Usually it is not more than 20 mm wide. Typically the radial inner surface 50 i is defined by a wall 52, which, along an interior surface thereof, defines recess 48. Typically, the wall 52 extends axially in a direction away from end 7 to a location further than an end 4 of the media, typically at least 5 mm further and often at least 10 mm further. In the example depicted, the wall 52 defines a tip 52 t, which also defines aperture 40 a discussed above.
  • The optional receiving groove 50 is typically and preferably configured to mate with portions of a main filter cartridge in an air cleaner assembly.
  • Attention is now directed to FIG. 5 and to optional projection arrangement 55 on outer surface 40 x of end piece 40. Optional projection arrangement 55 is typically relatively narrow in maximum width (typically not more than 10 mm) and projects in a direction away from surrounding portions of surface 45 o, a distance of at least 0.5 mm, usually at least 1 mm, and typically not more than 10 mm. The particular optional projection arrangement 55 depicted is a continuous ring 55 r, but alternatives, such as segmented rings, are possible. The projection arrangement 55 comprises an optional contact region for engagement with the main filter cartridge, in selected uses of the cartridge 1.
  • Attention is now directed to FIG. 7, a side elevational view of support 20, with attention particularly directed at end 21. Around end 21, spaced gussets 57 are shown slanted outwardly to rim 27 r of groove 27 g. The gussets 57 facilitate positioning an o-ring in groove 27 g. In particular, the o-ring can be pressed against the gussets 57, and then, with pressure toward end 22, the o-ring will spread and eventually snap over rim 25 r and into groove 27 g.
  • In FIG. 1, an example dimension is indicated as follows: AA=392.6 mm. Of course, alternate dimensions can be used.
  • In FIG. 2, an end view of cartridge 1 is, shown, taken, generally, toward end piece 40. An example dimension is provided as follows: AB=135.3 mm diameter.
  • In FIG. 3, an end view taken toward end 3 is depicted. In the schematic depiction, recess 46 can be viewed.
  • In FIG. 4, an exploded view of the cartridge 1 is depicted. The various components as previously described and viewable include: media 2, support 20, grommet 48 and o-ring 26.
  • In FIG. 7, a cross sectional view of frame member 20 is shown. Example dimensions are indicated as follows: AC=389.2 mm; and, AD=133.1 mm.
  • From review of FIGS. 1 and 1A, again, it can be understood that in the example arrangement depicted, the media at end 3 projects axially beyond end 21 of support 20. The amount of this extension, when present, will typically be no more than 10 mm typically no more than 5 mm and often at least 0.5 mm, sometimes at least 1 mm. The portion of media end 3 that extends beyond any structural support of support 20, i.e., beyond end 21 of support 20, will sometimes be referred to as a “seal end” or “end tail” and by the designator 3 t, FIG. 1A. This seal end or tail 3 t can provide a number of advantages. First, being flexible, it can push down into and against structure of the housing adjacent (both axially and radially) end 3 of the media. It, thus, can help provide secondary support to sealing, in addition to the primary cartridge seal 26. Further, this seal end or tail 3 t can provide a wiping effect as the cartridge 1 is installed/removed.
  • Possible variation in the cartridge 1 can be understood by consideration of FIGS. 1C, 1D, 1E and 2A. In FIG. 1E, the cartridge analogous to cartridge 1 is depicted, except having no optional projection 55 (FIG. 1B) thereon; and, having a variation in a grommet 48 v, from grommet 48. In FIG. 1C, like reference numerals are used to FIG. 1, generally, except for designation of the grommet, which in FIG. 1C is indicated at 48 v. In FIG. 1C, example dimensions are indicated as follows: ZQ=12.2 mm; ZS=138.7 mm; ZR=392.6 mm.
  • In FIG. 1D, an enlarged fragmentary view of an identified portion of FIG. 1C is provided. This is the region adjacent seal 26, discussed above in connection with FIG. 1A. In FIG. 1D, example dimensions are indicated as follows: YH=5.5 mm; YI=7.5 mm; YJ=9.1 mm. In FIG. 1E, an enlarged fragmentary view of an identified portion of FIG. 1C is provided. From inspection of FIG. 1E, it can be again seen that the cartridge 1 depicted does not have the optional projection 55 r, FIG. 1B. It can also be seen that the alternative gusset 48 v includes outer rings 48 r, embedded in structure from which support 20 is formed, as a result of manufacture in accord with an approach discussed below. The optional rings 48 r are not shown in the gusset 48, FIG. 1, but can be used with that embodiment. In other manners, the features of FIG. 1E are generally analogous to those discussed and described in connection with FIG. 1B. In FIG. 1E, example dimensions are indicated as follows: ZV=24.6 mm; ZT=47 mm; and, ZU=18.4 mm.
  • In FIG. 2A, an end view analogous to FIG. 2, but of the cartridge of FIG. 1C without the optional projection 55 r is depicted. Other features are generally analogous to those discussed above in connection with FIG. 1, and shown in FIGS. 1C and 1D. In FIG. 2A, example dimensions provided are indicated as follows: ZL=10 mm radius; ZM=45°; ZN=1 mm radius; ZO=61.5 mm; and, ZP=123 mm.
  • II. Example Manufacture of the Filter Cartridge of FIGS. 1-10
  • A variety of techniques can be used to construct a cartridge having features in accord with the present disclosure. The preferred cartridge 1 configured as depicted in connection with FIGS. 1-10, and using a cartridge support 20 as described to support media as configured in FIGS. 8-10, will typically be made by preforming media into the shape shown described in connection with FIG. 8 and then (injection) molding the support 20 in place, onto the media. This can be done with the mold configuration that supports the media 2 in the desired configuration, while directing the polymeric material appropriately.
  • Typically and preferably, with techniques described herein, and in which the support 20 is molded-in-place, preferably the injected material for forming the molded-in-place support 20 is provided exteriorly of the media 2. That is, preferably at locations extending along the length of the media 2, except immediately adjacent end 4, the resin material is not injected in the interior 2 i of the media 2, but only along the exterior 2 o. The resin will penetrate into the media somewhat, but preferably along most of the lengths of the pleats 11 it does not extend radially completely through the media 2 enough to project radially inwardly from the media 2 except, in some instances, in the region immediately adjacent end 4, and then, as limited as reasonable while obtaining good adherence/seal.
  • Typically and preferably, a single shot mold approach is used, to accomplish construction of the entire support 20 in one injection step in the molding. The support configuration depicted in FIG. 5, with support features as described, is configured to allow for this.
  • As discussed herein above, the support 20 can be provided with a grommet 48 (or 48 v) positioned at an end thereof. Typically, when the support 20 is molded-in-place, for example using an injection molding operation as described, the grommet 48 (or 48 v) is prepositioned in the mold, so that as the molding occurs, the grommet 48 (48 v) becomes secured in place.
  • The material used for the support 20 will typically be a material having sufficient strength to provide the desired support to the media 2, in use. An example would be a thermoplastic, such as a polypropylene or polyethylene. Alternatives are possible.
  • For the grommet 48 (or 48 v), typically, a thermoplastic elastomer (tpe) will be used. A typical grommet will comprise a resilient material capable of forming a seal and may, for example, be formed from a resin to have a hardness of at least 30 Shore A, typically at least 40 Shore A, for example 50-80 Shore A. Alternatives, of course, are possible.
  • The material chosen for the media is a matter of choice, for the flow characteristics and filtering characteristics and filtering characteristics desired. Filter media of a type typically used in safety cartridges can be used.
  • The media will include a longitudinal seam therein. The seam can be formed with sonic welding, heat welding, or adhesive, or it can be configured to be sealed by the resin forming the frame structure, if desired.
  • III. An Example Filter Assembly Using Cartridge 1 as a Safety Filter A. An Example Filter Assembly and General Features, FIGS. 11-13B
  • In FIGS. 11-13B, a filter assembly (for example an air cleaner) having advantageous features and using a secondary or safety cartridge in accord with cartridge 1, discussed above, is depicted. Many of the features are variations of those described in one or both of WO 2009/014986 and WO 2012/116314, referenced above and incorporated herein by reference. Advantageous variations, however, are provided as discussed.
  • Attention is first directed to FIG. 13. In FIG. 13, a gas filter assembly 100 configured as an air cleaner assembly, is depicted in cross-sectional view. The filter assembly 100 comprises a housing 101 having, operably positioned therein, a main or primary filter cartridge 102 and a secondary or safety cartridge 1 in accord with the present disclosure.
  • In general, air to be filtered flows into housing 101 through gas (air) flow inlet arrangement 105. The air is directed through primary or main cartridge 102, with “out-to-in” flow and then through a secondary filter 1, with a “out-to-in” flow. The filtered gas (air) exits housing 100 through outlet flow arrangement 106.
  • Attention is now directed to FIG. 11, in which the housing 101 is depicted without the primary filter cartridge 102 and secondary or safety cartridge 1 installed. Referring to FIG. 11, the housing 101 comprises a housing body or base section 109 and an access cover 110. The housing body or base section 109, in the example depicted, defines an open end 109 a and an opposite end 109 b. The open end 109 a is an access end, over which the access cover 110 is removably positioned. The access cover 110 is shown removably secured in place by latch arrangement 111.
  • In the example assembly depicted, the inlet 105 and outlet 106 are positioned on the body section 109, although alternatives are possible. Positioned on the access cover 110, is an optional evacuator outlet 114, closed by an evacuator valve arrangement 115. Some dust and water can be ejected from housing 101 through evacuator outlet 114 and valve 115, in use. Such evacuator arrangements are sometimes referred to as “precleaners” and are used in a wide variety of air cleaner systems. When an air cleaner assembly uses such an optional precleaner, it is sometimes referred to as a “two-stage” air cleaner, the first stage being the precleaner and the second stage being represented by the filter cartridge arrangement.
  • Still referring to FIG. 11, as gas flow (i.e. air flow) enters through inlet or inlet tube arrangement 105, it is directed into optional cyclonic ramp arrangement 117, by which it is directed into a helical or cyclonic flow around central axis X. This helps direct some of the water and/or particulate material contained within the air flow, into evacuator arrangement 114, before that material impinges on the primary filter cartridge 102, FIG. 13. To facilitate such a cyclonic movement of the air, preferably inlet arrangement 105 is configured with an air flow inlet direction represented by an axis A that is tangentially directed relative to sidewall 109 s.
  • To facilitate precleaning, the housing 101 includes a shield section 118 projecting toward access cover 110 from end 109 b, and an optional second shield section 119 projecting toward and 109 b and outlet 106, from access cover 110. These optional (but preferable) shield sections 118, 119 will be positioned around opposite ends (respectively) of the main filter cartridge 102, FIG. 13, to help isolate flow of water and a portion of particulate material from inlet 105 to ejector or evacuator outlet 114, to advantage.
  • Still referring to FIG. 11, access cover 110 includes an end wall or end 110 e, having an optional central projection 120 thereon, that projects, generally, toward end 109 b and outlet 106. In the example depicted, the projection 120 is positioned with central axis X extending therethrough, which will be typical.
  • The central projection 120 can have a variety of specific configurations and shapes. It can be configured as a ring, be solid or hollow, or it can have a cross-sectional definition defined by fins or other structures.
  • With respect to selected features of projection 120, attention is directed to FIG. 11A. Attention is particularly directed to end 120 e, of access cover or central projection 120; end 120 e being an end remote from end wall 110 e. Optional but preferable features at end 120 e of interest include the following. First, the access cover 110 includes thereon, a projection 123 which, in the example depicted, comprises a ring projecting in the general direction of axis X away from end 110 e and toward end 109 b. The projection 123 is sized and configured to engage width cartridge features as discussed below.
  • The ring 123 surrounds an optional central recess or receiver 124 in projection 120. The recess 124 is preferably configured to receive, projecting therein, selected portions of the housing 101 and cartridge arrangements as discussed below. Typically, the recess 124 projects at least 10 mm usually at least 15 mm and often an amount within the range of 20-40 mm, inclusive, toward end 110 e from tip 123 t of projection 123.
  • Still referring to FIG. 11A, it is noted that ring 123 is typically at least 5 mm long in extension from a surrounding portion 125, of projection 120 to tip 123, usually at least 10 mm long and often has a length within the range of 10-25 mm.
  • Referring back to FIG. 11, the housing 101 includes a central cartridge support 130 therein. The central cartridge support 130 is positioned in extension from adjacent wall 109 b toward access cover 110. The central cartridge support 130 generally includes a base end 131, a porous sidewall 132 and a cartridge support end 133. The base end 131 is positioned adjacent end 109 b, and includes a gas flow aperture 131 a therethrough providing gas flow communication with outlet 106. The cartridge support end 133 is remote from wall 109 b, and is directed toward access cover 110.
  • The central cartridge support 130 can be formed integral with a remainder of housing section 109. For the example depicted, however, the central cartridge support 130 comprises a separately formed piece which is snap-fit in place by a snap fit arrangement 131 x, FIG. 11B, in engagement with a surrounding portion 135 of housing section 109. The surrounding portion 135 includes a flange 135 f, which surrounds a portion of central cartridge support 130.
  • It is noted that in some instances, the central cartridge support 130 can be constructed to be removable from the housing section 109 once installed. However, typically and preferably the cartridge support 130 is non-removable from housing section 109, either by having been formed integrally therewith (for example by being molded integral with other portions of the section 109) or by having been installed with a snap-fit connection not readily disconnected once established. Preferably the support 130 does not include any media, independent of a serviceable cartridge 1, 102.
  • Typically, the central cartridge support 130 is independent and separable from any filter cartridge positioned within the assembly 100 during use. That is, typically the central cartridge support 130 comprises a portion of the housing 101, and remains with the housing 101 during servicing of the cartridges 1, 102.
  • Referring to FIG. 11B, it is noted that flange 135 f projects toward access cover 110, to tip 135 t. The flange 135 f defines a sealing flange for the system 100 depicted. In particular, the outer surface 135 o of flange 135 will form a seal surface for the main filter cartridge 102; and, an inner surface 135 i of flange 135 will form a seal surface 4 for the safety cartridge 1. Although alternatives are possible, this is particularly convenient for installation of the cartridges 102, 1.
  • The support 130 is provided with an open interior 130 i surrounding axis X and positioned in air flow communication with outlet 106. Thus, after gases after have been filtered by the main filter 102 and safety 1, they will pass into interior 130 i and outwardly from housing 109 through outlet tube 106. It is preferred that the outlet 106 (and end 131 a in support 130) have as large a cross-sectional area as reasonably possible, so as to avoid undesirable additional restriction to air flow through housing 101. Selected features of the present disclosure facilitate this, as discussed below.
  • At outlet 106 optional pressure tap 106 t, FIG. 11B, is provided, facilitating connection of a restriction indicator or pressure monitor in a typical conventional manner.
  • In FIG. 11A, support end 133 of central cartridge support 130 can be seen in detail. The support end 133 is the end of support 130 remote from base 131 and sidewall 109 b, and comprises an optional outer ring or shoulder 138 and a central projection 139. In the example depicted, the central projection 139 is positioned on central axis X. While this is typical, alternatives are possible.
  • Positioned between shoulder 138 and central projection 139 at a location surrounding the central projection 139, the cartridge support end 133 of central cartridge support 130 includes a receiving groove, recess or receiver space 140. Receiver space 140 is, typically, at least 5 mm deep, typically at least 8 mm deep, for example 8-25 mm deep, inclusive, in extension along the direction of axis X toward outlet 106 from a surrounding portion of the end 133, typically shoulder 138. The recess 140 is typically at least 5 mm wide, for example 8-20 mm wide, and not usually more than 25 mm wide, in extension thereacross, between sidewall 140 w and projection 139. Typically, the outerwall 140 w of recess 140 is positioned spaced radially at least 10 mm radially inwardly from an outer portion of perimeter of support 130.
  • Still referring to FIG. 11A, it is noted that projection 120, and in particular projection end 123 is typically, and optionally, sufficiently long to at least start to extend into recess 140, when access cover 110 is positioned on housing base 109.
  • Still referring to FIG. 11A, attention is now directed to central projection 139.
  • The central projection 139 includes, as it extends toward access cover 110, a shaft or base 144 extending to a remote end or tip 145. Between base 144 and tip 145, the projection 139 includes an optional but preferable neck section 146. The optional neck section 146 is a narrowed section in projection 139. Thus the projection 139, typically and preferably has a tip 145 of large cross-sectional dimension (typically diameter) than another portion, i.e. the neck section 146, that is positioned between the tip 145 and a base 144. This optional configuration can provide for advantage, as discussed further below.
  • Referring to FIG. 11B, attention is directed to recess 150 r between central cartridge support 130 and flange 135 f. The recess 150 r is a recess into which an end of a safety filter cartridge 1, discussed below, extends during installation. It is, in particular, a recess into which an end 7 comprising media end 3, FIG. 1, projects. It is noted that the recess 150 r is relatively narrow in radial dimension, typically its widest dimension being no greater than 30 mm, preferably not greater than 25 mm, usually not greater than 20 mm, sometimes 15 mm or less. A reason for this is that it is preferable that radial dimension in the region of section 131 of central cartridge support 130, of the cartridge 1 take up as little radial dimension as reasonable so as to facilitate flow through filter assembly 100 with without undue addition to restriction. This is discussed below.
  • The recess 150 r will sometimes be referred to herein as a safety cartridge end receiving recess 150 r, or by similar terms. In a typical embodiment, it will be formed between the flange 135 f and a region of central cartridge support 130 adjacent end section 131.
  • Attention is now directed to FIG. 12, in which the housing 101 is depicted with the safety cartridge 1 fully installed, but without the primary filter cartridge 102 positioned. It can be seen that the safety cartridge 1 is installed by being pushed over the central cartridge support 130. Selected portions of the interaction among the cartridge 1, central cartridge support 130 and housing 101 are discussed in connection with FIGS. 12A and 12B, each of which is an enlarged fragmentary view of a portion of FIG. 12.
  • Referring first to FIG. 12A, an interaction between end 7 (and media end 3) of safety cartridge 1 and recess 150 r can be seen. First, it can be seen that as a result of not being pleated (i.e., being of very limited or no pleat depth) near end 3, the cartridge 1 will fit in the relatively narrow recess 130, with seal 26 engaging inner wall 135 i of flange 135 f, to form a radially (in the example outwardly) directed, housing seal that is releasable. Further, it can be seen that free end or tip 3 t of the media 2, i.e. a portion of media 2 not embedded in an end cap and not surrounded by media support 29 can be pushed to, or near to, an end of recess 150 r, and will tend to pick up and pull (wipe) out of the recess 150 r particulate material that may migrate into this region during use and/or servicing.
  • It can also be seen by referring to FIG. 12A, that due to the very narrow construction of the cartridge 1 in radial dimension at seal 26, a narrow recess 150 r can be used to advantage, to avoid undesirable addition to restriction from the size of outlet 106, and outlet end 131 a of central cartridge support 130, while (at the same time) allowing maximal radial width within housing 109 for the main filter cartridge 102, as discussed below.
  • Indeed, typically the maximum radial width of recess 150 r for insertion of end 7 of cartridge 1 therein, is at least 5 mm smaller, usually at least 10 mm smaller, and sometimes at least 15 mm smaller than a maximum pleat depth of the media 2, of cartridge 1, adjacent end 4, FIG. 1.
  • Attention is now directed to FIG. 12B, an enlarged fragmentary view depicting an interaction between the cartridge 1 and the central cartridge support 130 at support end 133. In particular, cartridge 1 can be seen positioned with central recess 46 r receiving, projecting therein, central projection 139 on central cartridge support 130. For the particular example depicted, the central projection 139 projects completely through recess 46 r (and aperture 40 a) and optional grommet 48 v, with tip 145 projecting through aperture 40 a. The optional grommet 48 v is shown engaging the central projection 139 therearound, in the particular example by engagement at least with neck region or section 146. In the example depicted, the optional grommet 48 is shown secured within end projection 46 by having been positioned in a mold and having section 46 molded thereto, with physical connection provided by grommet rings 48 r, FIG. 1E.
  • Also, referring to FIG. 12B, it can be seen that projection 45 p on end piece 20 projects into receiver 140 on the central cartridge support 130. Further, it can be seen that projection 123 on the access cover 110 projects into recess 50 on secondary or safety cartridge 1.
  • In the example depicted in FIGS. 12A and 12B, it is noted that the cartridge 1 does not include the optional projection 55 r, FIG. 1B, thereon. Of course, such a projection can be used to advantage, if desired. Advantages for such an optional projection 55 are discussed below.
  • In FIG. 12C, a view generally analogous to FIG. 12 is depicted. In FIG. 12, some examples dimensions are indicated as follows: YC=354.6 mm; YD=115.8 mm; YE=65.6 mm; YG=539.7 mm; YF=423.3 mm.
  • Attention is now directed to FIGS. 13, 13A and 13B. Here, filter assembly 100 is depicted with both the primary filter cartridge 102 and secondary filter cartridge 1 in place. Referring first to FIG. 13, the primary filter cartridge 102 can be seen as having opposite ends 102 a, 102 b, with media 150 extending between opposite first and second media ends, 151, 152, corresponding to cartridge ends 102 a, 102 b respectively. The media 150 will typically be pleated, although alternatives are possible. In the example depicted, the media 150 has a generally conical or frusto-conical outer perimeter 150 p defined by outer pleat tips with outer perimeter 150 p decreasing in cross-sectional size in extension from end 151 to end 152. Typically, the extension is at a conical angle, i.e. an inward taper, of at least 0.5°, typically not more than 5°, and often within the range of 1°-5°.
  • Referring to FIG. 13B, the cartridge 102, includes, positioned on the media 150 at end 151, and end cap or end piece 154. The particular end piece 154 depicted, is molded-in-place, although alternatives are possible. Typically, the end piece 154 when configured as shown, would be molded from a material such as foamed polyurethane, that can also operate as a seal material as discussed below. Typically, the material will be molded to an as “molded” density of no greater than 0.32 g/cc, typically no greater than 0.24 g/cc, for example 0.16 g/cc-0.24 g/cc, and, will have a hardness, Shore A, of no greater than 20, typically no greater than 18, and often within the range of 10-18, inclusive.
  • Referring still to FIG. 13B, end cap 154, which is at main cartridge end 102 a, is shown with a central aperture 155 therethrough, which will serve as an “flow aperture” for main cartridge 102, in the example a gas flow exit aperture. In the example, the aperture 155 is defined by, and is surrounded by, housing seal region 156, which, in the example depicted, is a portion integral with a remainder of end cap 154. Seal region 156, in the example depicted, is positioned and configured to form an inwardly directed radial seal around central axis X, and releaseably in engagement with outer surface 135 o of flange 135 f.
  • Referring to FIG. 13, it is noted that an end 151 of media 150 is part of an end section of media that will project at least 10% usually at least 20% and typically not more than 50% from media end 151 toward media end 150 b, while being surrounded by flange 118. This helps provide for desirable operation of the precleaner function in housing 101. The flange 118 is preferably sufficiently large to still allow air flow to a region surrounding end section 151, for good filtering operation. The tapering of media 150 facilitates this.
  • Still referring to FIG. 13, it is also noted that flange 119 surrounds end section 152 of the media 150 adjacent end 150 b. Typically, it surrounds the media 150 over a length of extension at least 5%, typically not more than 20% from end 152 toward end 151. Support 119 provides a centering function for the cartridge 102, and can provide some protection for the cartridge 1. Additional protection for the cartridge 102 is provided by end margin or wrap 158, which surrounds the media 150 adjacent end 152.
  • Still referring to FIG. 13, it is noted that the media 150 includes an inner perimeter 150 i, typically defined by inner pleat tips, which tapers downwardly in extension from end 151 to end 150 b. Typically, an angle of extension of inner perimeter 150 i relative to axis X is the same as the angle discussed above for perimeter 150 p. It is further noted that, for the example depicted, the cartridge 102 includes a porous inner liner arrangement 160 around which the media 150 is positioned. This is typical, but optional.
  • Referring to FIG. 13B, attention is directed to recess 162 in end piece 154. The recess 162 can be an artifact, from a mold stand-off for the media 150, during manufacture of end piece 154. It also can be used as a receiver recess for an optional projection member (not shown) within the housing end 109 b. Both functions can be provided by the recess 162, or, in some, systems two different recesses can be provided.
  • Referring still to FIG. 13B, projection arrangement 163 (on end piece 154) is shown engaging end wall 109 b of the housing section 109. The projection 163 can, for example, be a continuous ring, segmented ring, or a plurality of bumpers, to provide for cushion engagement with end wall 109 b to advantage.
  • Referring again to FIG. 13, attention is directed toward end 152 of media 150. At end 152, the cartridge 102 includes a second end cap or end piece 170. End piece 170 generally comprises: an outer ring section 171, which is in axial overlap with end 152 of the media 150; and, central section 172, which projects inwardly into an open filter interior 102 i of cartridge 102, from end 152 of the media 150 toward end 150 a. Typically, end piece or end cap 170 is closed, i.e. it has no central aperture therethrough, although in some applications, alternatives are possible. Typically, section 171 is molded-in-place, for example, from a material similar to, or in some instances harder than, that used for end piece 154; with central section 172 preformed, for example from a rigid plastic and then secured in place during the molding of section 171. Alternatives are possible. The seal section 171 can, optionally, include a projection 163 x, analogous to projection 163 but positioned to engage access cover 110.
  • Attention is directed to FIG. 13A, with respect to selected features of projection 172. Projection 172 generally includes an outer sidewall 173 and an end section 174. The end section 174 is defined by: an inner surface 174 i that faces toward the opposite end piece 154 from end piece 170; and, an opposite, outer, surface 174 o.
  • In the outer surface 174 o, end 174 forms a receiving groove 177 that surrounds a central projection 178. The receiving groove 177 is typically at least 6 mm deep, usually at least 8 mm deep in deepest extension, from nearest surrounding portions 177 x of end 174. The projection 178 generally extends at least 10 mm, typically at least 15 mm and often an amount within the range of 15-35 mm, inclusive, from an immediately surrounding portion of groove 177.
  • Typically, the projection 178 on the central section 172 comprises a central projection directed away from the first end piece and which terminates at an end remote from the media first end at a location that is spaced from the media second end at least 15% of a distance from the media second end to the media first end.
  • The groove 177 is typically at least 4 mm wide and usually not more than 25 mm wide, between inner and outer sidewalls 177 i, 177 o.
  • Along the inner surface 174 i, the projection 178 defines a receiver recess 178 r into which the central projection 139 (of the central cartridge support 130) and the central projection 46 of the secondary cartridge 1 project.
  • Also, along the inner surface 174 i, end 174 defines a projecting ring 180 that projects into receiving groove 50 of safety cartridge 1 and receiving groove 140 of central cartridge support 130.
  • Also referring to FIG. 13A, it is noted that the access cover projection 123 projects into receiving groove 177 of the primary cartridge 102.
  • In the next sections, some advantages from the various features characterized herein above will be discussed. Before turning to those, it is noted that there are some example dimensions provided in FIGS. 13 and 13A. As with other example dimensions herein, these are meant to be example of dimensions are workable in a system, but alternatives are possible.
  • The example dimensions are as follows: ZA=605.2 mm; ZB=179.5 mm; ZC=354.6 mm; ZD=27.2 mm; ZE=47 mm; ZF=23.6 mm; ZG=20.8 mm; ZH=2 mm; ZI=33.2 mm; ZJ=37.7 mm; and, ZK=44.42 mm.
  • B. Advantages Relating from Preferred Features Characterized Herein Above
    1. Advantageous Safety Filter Cartridge Characteristics for Use with a Tapering Main Filter Cartridge
  • Referring to FIG. 13, as indicated above, in a typical, preferred, application of features as characterized herein, the main filter cartridge 102 tapers in both outer perimeter 150 p and inner perimeter 150 i definition, in extension from media end 151 to media end 152. This means that the internal cross-dimension surrounded by media inner perimeter 150 i tapers downwardly along the same extension.
  • This can restrict the space available for safety 1, within interior 102 i. As a result, in a typical application, the safety cartridge 1 is configured to project no further than a location of at least 90% of a distance between end 150 a and end 150 b of surrounding media 150, typically no greater than 85% of this distance and usually an amount within a range of 65-85% of this distance, in the direction of extension from end 150 a toward end 1. This allows the tapering of inner perimeter 102 i, to extend a definition quite narrow at end 150 b. Indeed, the media 150, of the main cartridge 102, may in some instances, only clear end 8 of cartridge 1, by a radial dimension of 8 mm or less.
  • However, this means the safety cartridge 1 is of somewhat limited length, with respect to safety media 2. To avoid undesirable restriction, the safety cartridge 1 is provided with pleated media adjacent end 4, to increase surface area available, and decrease face velocity. This is an advantageous improvement, with a safety cartridge used with a main cartridge that tapers downwardly, especially if the main cartridge tapers downwardly to a width too narrow to accommodate, conveniently, a substantially longer safety cartridge.
  • It can also now be understood how the relatively wide outer pleats 11 of the safety cartridge 1 adjacent end 4, can provide for advantageous flow. This is because the outer pleats 11 define spaces therebetween, along which the air can flow after it passes through the main filter cartridge 102 and as it is directed into the safety 1, to be directed to the outlet 106. This too is advantageous for controlling restriction increase from the presence of the safety cartridge 1.
  • Referring to FIG. 13, to accommodate the relatively short safety cartridge 1, the main cartridge 102 includes a central projection 172 that projects (a maximum amount in extension in a direction from end 152 of the media toward end 151) at least 70 mm, typically at least 80 mm and often an amount within the range of 100-140 mm; and typically an amount of a distance between the ends 152,151 of at least 15%, typically at least 20% and sometimes an amount within the range of 24%-40% of this distance of extension.
  • 2. Advantages from the Configuration of the Media Adjacent Media End 3
  • Advantages are also provided by the lack of pleats (or minimal pleat depth) adjacent end 3 of the media 2 and safety 1 as discussed above. The advantages from this are that adjacent end 3, the media 2 and cartridge 1 take up relatively little radial dimension. Thus, the overall cartridge 1 has relatively little radial dimension adjacent seal 26 so it can fit into a narrow recess 150 r, FIG. 12A. This means the radial projection of the cartridge 1 around the air flow exit, does not contribute, to an undesirable extent, to restriction to air flow to the outlet 106, to advantage.
  • 3. Advantages at the Interaction Between the Safety Cartridge 1 and Central Cartridge Support 130
  • The central cartridge support 130 provides support to the safety cartridge 1 ensuring proper orientation within the assembly 100. A engagement of particular advantage between the safety cartridge 1 and the central cartridge support 130 occurs in the region of central projection 139.
  • First, to advantage, an optional cushion engagement is provided between the central projection 139 and the safety cartridge 1, by grommet 48 (48 v) when grommet 48 (48 v) is resilient. This helps avoid a hard plastic to hard plastic engagement at this location. The cushioning effect is provided by constructing grommet 48 (48 v) from an appropriately cushioned or flexible, i.e. resilient, material as discussed previously.
  • Also, in the particular example depicted, the central projection 139 extends completely through aperture 40 a in the safety cartridge 1. When this is the case, it is desired to provide a seal closing aperture 40 a. The optional grommet 48 (48 v) also provides for this by comprising a resilient material that releaseably, sealingly, engages projection 139.
  • In the example depicted, the central projection 139 includes an optional head or tip 145, i.e. wider portion, and a narrow neck section or portion 146. This also is advantageous in combination with the optional grommet 48 (48 v). In particular, as the safety cartridge 1 is pushed over central cartridge support 120, eventually head or tip 145 will engage grommet 48 (48 v). It will push through, expanding the aperture in the grommet 48 (48 v). Eventually it will project outwardly from the grommet 48 (48 v) providing an interference fit as shown in FIG. 12B, by the tip 145, being wider than the aperture in the grommet 48 (48 v), when the grommet 48 (48 v) surrounds the neck section 146. This interference fit will help keep the cartridge 1 in place on the central cartridge support 130 as the main cartridge 102 is installed and removed, and as servicing occurs when the cartridge 102 is removed. The amount of interference is preferably not so much that it can't be overcome by a service provider pulling on the safety 1, but is also preferably adequate to help secure the safety in position against undesired movement, and thus provides advantageous effect.
  • 4. Advantages from Projection/Receiver Interaction Among the Safety Cartridge 1, the Central Cartridge Support 130, the Main Cartridge 102 and the Access Cover 110
  • In the system 101 depicted, as discussed, the central cartridge support 130 and the safety cartridge 1 are relatively short, by comparison to the length of extension of the main cartridge 102, and for that matter, the housing 101 in extension along the central axis X (i.e. in an axial direction). The interaction described among the safety cartridge 1 at end piece 20; the central cartridge support 130 and cartridge support end 132; the main cartridge 102 at end piece 170 and in particular section 172 at end 174; and, the access cover 110, especially in connection with projection 123 and recess 124, provide for a number of advantages. For example, the main cartridge 102 and the safety cartridge 1 are well stabilized in their respective positions. Also, they are secured in a desired orientation for proper operation and easy installation and removal. Further, the interaction helps ensure that the main cartridge 102 and the safety 1, are proper ones for the system 101 of interest, and cannot be improperly installed; i.e. installed without appropriate and proper sealing.
  • 5. Advantages from the Optional Projection Arrangement 55 r, FIG. 1B
  • The optional projection 55 r, FIG. 1B, can also provide advantage. In particular, it can form a bumper against which a portion of main cartridge 102, can press if the safety 1 is not fully installed before the main cartridge 102 is installed. This will help push the safety 1 into a proper sealing position over central cartridge support 130. In some instances, it may be desirable to form projection 155 r from a relatively resilient material, so as to facilitate this type of engagement. This can be done with a molding operation that provides a resilient material at region 155 r if desired.
  • 6. Advantages from a Free End of the Media at Tip 3 t
  • As explained above, preferably the media 2 is provided with a tip 3 t that is free, i.e. is not embedded in an end cap, and is not surrounded by any portion of cartridge support 29. This is advantageous, in that it provides not only for a narrow width dimension of the cartridge 1 at this region, for insertion in the recess 150 r, but it also leaves the tip 3 t free to provide for a secondary sealing effect within recess 150 r and also some cleaning effect as it is removed during servicing of the cartridge 1.
  • IV. General Comments and Observations
  • In this summary, some selected, final summary characterizations of the teachings herein are provided. Among what is taught are:
  • 1. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) an extension of media surrounding a central axis and defining an open interior; (i) the media having first and second ends; and, (ii) the media being pleated adjacent the second end and defining a plurality of inner pleat tips extending at an acute angle, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, of no greater than 89°, in extension toward the first end; and, (iii) the media being non-pleated at the first end.
  • 2. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) an extension of media surrounding an open interior and having a first end and a second end; (i) at the first end, the media having no pleat greater than 3 mm in depth; and, (ii) at the second end, the media comprising a plurality of pleats each having a pleat depth of at least 10 mm.
  • 3. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1 and 2 including: (a) a housing radial seal member positioned at a location within 50 mm of the first end.
  • 4. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) an extension of media surrounding an open interior and having a first end and a second end; (i) the media comprising a plurality of pleats each having a pleat depth decreasing in extension from the second end in a direction toward the first end; and, (b) a housing radial seal member positioned at a location within 50 mm of the first end.
  • 5. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-4 wherein: (a) the media surrounds and defines a central cartridge axis; and, (b) the media includes a plurality of inner pleats having inner pleat tips extending at an acute angle of no more than 88°, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, in extension toward the first end.
  • 6. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-5 wherein: (a) the media surrounds and defines a central cartridge axis; and, (b) the media includes a plurality of inner pleats having inner pleat tips extending at an acute angle within the range of 70°-88°, inclusive, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, in extension toward the first end.
  • 7. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-6 wherein: (a) the media surrounds and defines a central cartridge axis; and, (b) the media includes a plurality of outer pleats and a plurality of inner pleats; (i) the inner pleats including a plurality of inner pleat tips extending at a first angle relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, in extension from the second end toward the first end; and, (ii) the outer pleats including a plurality of outer pleats tips extending at a second angle, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, in extension from the second end toward the first end; (ii) the second angle being greater than the first angle, with respect to a plane perpendicular to the central axis.
  • 8. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-7 wherein: (a) the media surrounds and defines a central cartridge axis; and, (b) the media includes a plurality of outer pleats having outer pleat tips extending at an angle within the range of 88°-90°, inclusive, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, in extension from the second end toward the first end.
  • 9. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) an extension of media having a first end and a second end; (i) the media surrounding and defining an open interior; (ii) adjacent the second end, the extension of media being pleated; and, (b) a radially directed housing seal member positioned at a location within 50 mm of the first end of the extension of media; (i) the filter cartridge having a maximum, undistorted, radial width dimension, at a location in radial overlap with the media and the housing radial seal member, of at least 10 mm less than a maximum pleat depth of the extension of media adjacent the second end of the extension of media.
  • 10. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) an extension of media surrounding an open interior and having a first end and a second end; (i) the media, adjacent the second end, being pleated and comprising a plurality of outwardly directed pleats and a plurality of inwardly directed pleats; and, (ii) each one of the plurality of outwardly directed pleats having a pleat tip with an outer perimeter tip shape, (iii) an inner perimeter tip shape, of each pleat tip of the plurality of inwardly directed pleats, being narrower than the pleat tip shape of each one of the plurality of outwardly directed pleats; (A) the outer pleat tips having an outer, perimeter, pleat shape at a location adjacent the second end with a radius of at least 4 mm.
  • 11. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-10 including: (a) a radially directed housing seal member at a location within 40 mm of the first end of the media.
  • 12. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-11 including: (a) a radially directed housing seal member positioned within 30 mm of the first end of the media.
  • 13. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-12 including: (a) a radially directed housing seal member positioned at a location within 20 mm of the first end of the media.
  • 14. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-13 including: (a) a radially directed housing seal member positioned at a location within 15 mm of the first end of the media.
  • 15. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-14 including: (a) a radially outwardly directed housing seal member.
  • 16. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) an extension of media surrounding an open interior and having a first end and a second end; (i) the extension of media being pleated adjacent the second end; and, (b) a media support; (i) the media including a non-pleated, free, tip section adjacent the media first end that extends, axially, in a direction away from the second end, an axial distance of at least 0.5 mm beyond a nearest adjacent portion of the media support.
  • 17. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) an extension of pleated media having a first end and a second end; (i) the extension of media surrounding an open filter interior; and, (b) a media support including a first, intermediate, outer pleat spacer positioned between the media first end and the media second end; (i) the first, intermediate, outer pleat spacer defining an outer pleat engagement shape with an outer pleat radius of at least 4 mm; and, (ii) the first, intermediate, outer pleat spacer having radial projections defining inner pleat engagement tips having an outer pleat angle of at least 30°.
  • 18. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) an extension as media having first end and a second end; (i) the extension of media comprising a plurality of pleats adjacent the second end; and, (ii) the media surrounding a central axis and defining an open interior; and, (b) a plurality of intermediate outer pleat spacers positioned between the media first and second ends; (i) axially spaced, adjacent, ones of the plurality of intermediate outer pleat spacers having different amounts of radial projection extension toward the central axis.
  • 19. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) an extension of media having a first end and a second end; (i) the extension of media comprising a plurality of pleats adjacent the second end; and, (ii) the media surrounding and defining an open interior; and, (b) a media support including longitudinal ribs extending along, and secured to, outer pleat tips of the media in extension from the second end of the media toward the first end of the media, along at least 50% of a length of extension of the outer pleat tips.
  • 20. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) media extending between first and second ends and surrounding and defining a central axis and open interior; and, (b) an end piece adjacent the second end of the media; (i) the end piece defining an outer perimeter of alternating radial outward projections and radial inward recesses; and, (ii) adjacent ones of the outward projections being spaced by a radial gap of at least 30°.
  • 21. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) media extending between first and second ends and surrounding and defining a central axis and an open central interior; and (i) the media being pleated adjacent the second end; and, (b) an end piece adjacent the second end of the media; (i) the end piece defining an outer perimeter of alternating radial outer projections and radial inward recesses; and, (ii) the end piece radial inward recesses being open, in axial overlap with spaces between outer pleats, by a gap of at least 15 mm in maximum width at a location remote from inner pleat tips.
  • 22. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) media extending between first and second media ends and surrounding and defining a central axis and an open central interior; and, (b) an end piece adjacent to, and extending across, the second media end; the end piece including: an outer surface directed away from the first media end; and, an inner surface directed toward the first media end; (i) the inner surface of the end piece having a central recess therein extending in a direction away from the first media end; and, (c) a cushion member positioned in the central recess.
  • 23. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) an extension of media having a first end and a second end and surrounding a central axis and a central interior; (b) a media support including an end piece adjacent to the second media end; (i) the end piece having a central projection with an aperture therethrough; and, (c) a radially outwardly directed housing radial seal member positioned on, and surrounding, the media support at a location within 50 mm of the first end of the media.
  • 24. A filter cartridge comprising: (a) media extending between first and second ends and surrounding and defining a central axis and an open central interior; and, (b) an end piece adjacent the second end of the media; (i) the end piece having an inner surface with a central recess therein; (ii) the central recess being defined by a projection extending away from the media first end having a wall surrounded by, and spaced from, the media; and, (iii) the projection having a tip, remote from the media first end, with an aperture therethrough.
  • 25. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 20-24 wherein: (a) the media is pleated adjacent the second end.
  • 26. A filter cartridge according to characterization 25 wherein: (a) the media, adjacent the second end, includes a plurality of inner pleat tips extending at an angle of no greater than 88°, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, in extension from the second end toward the first end.
  • 27. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 2-26 wherein: (a) the first end of the media is not pleated.
  • 28. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-27 wherein: (a) at the second end, the media is pleated with a pleat depth of at least 10 mm.
  • 29. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-28 wherein: (a) at the second end, the media is pleated with a pleat depth of at least 15 mm.
  • 30. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-29 wherein: (a) at the second end, the media is pleated with a pleat depth within the range of 10 to 40 mm, inclusive.
  • 31. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-30 wherein: (a) the media includes a plurality of outer pleats adjacent the second end; each one of the plurality of outer pleats having an outer pleat tip extending at an acute angle of at least 86°, in extension toward the second end, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis.
  • 32. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-31 wherein: (a) the media includes a plurality of outer pleats adjacent the second end; each one of the plurality of outer pleats having an outer pleat tip extending and an acute angle of at least 87°, in extension toward the second end, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis.
  • 33. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-32 wherein: (a) the media includes a plurality of outer pleats adjacent the second end; each one of the plurality of outer pleats having an outer pleat tip extending at an acute angle within the range of 87-90°, inclusive, in extension toward the second end, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis.
  • 34. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-33 wherein: (a) the media comprises a plurality of inner pleats adjacent the second end, each one of plurality of inner pleats having an inner pleat tip that extend at an angle of no greater than 87°, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, in extension toward the first end.
  • 35. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-34 wherein: (a) the media comprises a plurality of outer pleats with outer pleat tips and a plurality of inner pleats with inner pleat tips; (i) the inner pleat tips extending at a first angle relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, in extension from the second end toward the first end; and, (ii) the outer pleat tips extending at a second angle, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, in extension from the second end toward the first end; (iii) the first angle being at least 2° less than the second angle.
  • 36. A filter cartridge according to characterization 35 wherein: (a) the first angle is at least 3° less than the second angle.
  • 37. A filter cartridge according to characterization 35 wherein: (a) the first angle is at least 4° less than the second angle.
  • 38. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-37 wherein: (a) the filter cartridge is open at an end adjacent the second end of the media.
  • 39. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-38 wherein: (a) the filter cartridge is open at an end adjacent the first end of the media.
  • 40. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-39 including: (a) a radially directed housing seal arrangement.
  • 41. A filter cartridge according to characterization 40 wherein: (a) the radially directed housing seal arrangement is a radially outwardly directed housing seal arrangement.
  • 42. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-41 including: (a) a radially directed housing seal arrangement comprising an o-ring.
  • 43. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-42 including: (a) a media support extending from the second end toward the first end of the media.
  • 44. A filter cartridge according to characterization 43 wherein: (a) the media has an outer surface and an inner surface; (b) the media support has first and second ends; and, (c) the media support extends along the outer surface of the media, with no radial support for the media that extends at least 50% of a distance between the first and second ends of the support, that is also positioned projecting radially inwardly from adjacent portions of the media inner surface.
  • 45. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 43 and 44 wherein: (a) the media support includes: an open end within 20 mm of media first end; and, an end piece adjacent the media second end.
  • 46. A filter cartridge according to characterization 45 wherein: (a) the end piece of the media support includes a central aperture therethrough that is lined with a sealing grommet.
  • 47. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 45 and 46 wherein: (a) the end piece of the media support comprises an end piece having an outer perimeter of alternating radial projections and radial recess; the radial recesses extending radially inwardly at least 10 mm from the outermost portions of the radial projections.
  • 48. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 45-47 wherein: (a) the end piece of the media support comprises an end piece having an outer perimeter of alternating radial projections and radial recess; the radial recesses extending radially inwardly at least 15 mm from the outermost portions of the radial projections.
  • 49. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 45-48 wherein: (a) the end piece of the media support comprises an end piece having an outer perimeter with a plurality of radial recesses therein; each one of the plurality of radial recesses extending toward a central axis by at least 30% of a radial distance between an outermost portion of the closed end of the media support and the central axis.
  • 50. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 45-49 wherein: (a) the end piece of the media support comprises an end piece having an outer perimeter with a plurality of radial recesses therein; each one of the plurality of radial recess extending toward a central axial by at least 35% of a radial distance between an outermost portion of the closed end of the media support and the central axis.
  • 51. A secondary filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 45-50 wherein: (a) the end piece of the media support comprises an end piece having an outer perimeter with a plurality of radial recesses therein; each one of the plurality of radial recesses extending toward a central axis by at least 40% of a radial distance between an outermost portion of the closed end of the media support and the central axis.
  • 52. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 45-51 wherein: (a) the end piece of the media support includes an inner surface with an axially projecting receiver recess therein; (i) the axially projecting receiver recess projecting axially in a direction away from a first end of the media.
  • 53. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 45-52 wherein: (a) the end piece of the media support includes an outer surface with a central receiving groove therein surrounding an outer, central, projection; (i) the outer, central, projection projecting in a direction axially away from the first end of the media.
  • 54. A filter cartridge according to characterization 53 wherein: (a) the outer, central, projection includes an aperture therethrough, that is lined with a sealing grommet.
  • 55. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 53 and 54 wherein: (a) the central receiving groove is at least 5 mm deep, in axial direction toward the first end of the media, from any immediately surrounding portion of the closed end of the media support.
  • 56. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 53-55 wherein: (a) the outer central projection projects to a tip located axially beyond the second end of the media, from the first end of the media.
  • 57. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 53-56 wherein: (a) the outer central projection projects to a tip at least 5 mm from an immediately surrounding portion of the closed end, in a direction axially away from the open end.
  • 58. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 53-57 wherein: (a) the outer central projection projects to a tip located at least 10 mm from an immediately surrounding portion of the end piece in a direction axially away from the open end.
  • 59. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 53-58 wherein: (a) the media support includes a plurality of longitudinal ribs extending in a direction from the second end of the media toward the first end on the media.
  • 60. A filter cartridge according to characterization 59 wherein: (a) each one of the plurality of longitudinal ribs extends along, and engages, an outer pleat tip of the media.
  • 61. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 53-60 wherein: (a) the media support includes at least one intermediate pleat spacer surrounding an outer surface of the media and having radial projections extending between adjacent media pleats.
  • 62. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 53-61 wherein: (a) the media support includes a plurality of intermediate pleat spacers surrounding an outer surface of the media and having radial projections extending between adjacent media pleats.
  • 63. A filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 1-62 including: (a) a seal support ring surrounding the media within 50 mm of the media first end; (i) the seal support ring including an o-ring receiving groove therein; and, (ii) the seal support ring including a plurality of spaced radial expansion gussets tapering radially inwardly along a direction of extension from a location adjacent the o-ring receiving groove toward the first end of the media.
  • 64. A gas filter assembly comprising: (a) a housing defining an interior and a gas flow outlet; (i) the housing including a housing base section and a removable access cover; (b) a safety filter cartridge according to at least one of claims 1-63 operably and removably positioned within the housing interior; and, (c) a main filter cartridge comprising media surrounding an open filter interior; (i) the main filter cartridge being operably and removably positioned within the housing interior with media of the safety cartridge projecting into the open filter interior of the main filter cartridge.
  • 65. A gas filter assembly according to characterization 64 wherein: (a) the housing includes a central cartridge support in the housing base section directed toward the access cover; and, (b) the safety filter cartridge is positioned with the central cartridge support projecting into an open filter interior of the safety filter cartridge.
  • 66. A gas filter assembly according to characterization 65 wherein: (a) the central cartridge support includes a cartridge support end directed toward the access cover; (i) the cartridge support end including a central projection thereon; and, (b) the safety filter cartridge includes an inner surface having a receiver recess into which the central projection on the central cartridge support extends; (i) a resilient cushion member being provided in the receiver recess of the safety filter cartridge and around the central projection on the central cartridge support.
  • 67. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 65 and 66 wherein: (a) the central cartridge support includes a cartridge support end directed toward the access cover; (i) the central cartridge support end including a central projection thereon; and, (b) the safety filter cartridge including an end directed toward the access cover with a projection having a tip with an aperture therethrough; (i) the central projection on the central cartridge support projecting completely through the aperture in the tip of the projection in the safety filter cartridge.
  • 68. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 66-67 including: (a) a seal member on the safety filter cartridge in releasable sealing engagement around the central projection on the central cartridge support.
  • 69. A gas filter assembly according to characterization 68 wherein: (a) the central projection on the central cartridge support includes a tip and a neck section; (i) the neck section having a narrower cross-sectional dimension than a dimension of the central projection on the central cartridge support, adjacent the tip.
  • 70. A gas filter assembly according to characterization 68 wherein: (a) an interference fit is provided between the tip of the central projection on the central cartridge support, and the safety filter cartridge, by the tip and the neck section.
  • 71. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 64-70 wherein: (a) the housing includes a seal flange surrounding a safety filter cartridge end receiver recess; and, (b) the safety filter cartridge is positioned with the media first end projecting into the safety filter cartridge end receiver recess.
  • 72. A gas filter assembly according to characterization 71 wherein: (a) the safety filter cartridge end receiver recess has a maximum radial width of no greater than 15 mm; and, (b) the safety filter cartridge includes media having a pleat depth, adjacent a second end, of greater than 15 mm.
  • 73. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 71 and 72 wherein: (a) at the media first end, the safety filter cartridge is non-pleated.
  • 74. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 71-73 wherein: (a) the media first end, of the safety filter cartridge, is a free end having a tip of extension of at least 0.5 mm with no end cap thereon, and no media support structure, of the safety filter cartridge, positioned radially thereagainst.
  • 75. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 71-74 wherein: (a) the safety filter cartridge end receiver recess is positioned between the seal flange and a base end of a central cartridge support; (i) the central cartridge support being separate from the safety filter cartridge and being positioned in the housing at a location projecting toward the access cover.
  • 76. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 64-75 wherein: (a) the media of the main filter cartridge has a first end and a second end; (i) the media of the main filter cartridge having an internal perimeter that decreases in cross-sectional dimension in extension from the first end to the second end.
  • 77. A gas filter assembly according to characterization 76 wherein: (a) the main filter cartridge includes a first end piece adjacent the first end and a second end piece adjacent the second end; (i) the first end piece being open; and, (ii) the second end piece being closed and including a central projection thereon projecting from the second end of the media toward the first end of the media at least 15% of a distance from the second end of the media toward the first end of the media.
  • 78. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 64-77 wherein: (a) the main filter cartridge includes a first end piece adjacent the first end and a second end piece adjacent the second end; (i) the first end piece being open; and, (ii) the second end piece being closed and including a central projection thereon projecting from the second end of the media toward the first end of the media at least 20% of a distance from the second end of the media toward the first end of the media.
  • 79. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 76-78 wherein: (a) the safety filter cartridge projects into the open filter interior of the main filter cartridge to a location no more than 90% of a distance from the first end of the main filter cartridge media to the second end of the main filter cartridge media.
  • 80. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 76-79 wherein: (a) the safety filter cartridge projects into the open filter interior of the main filter cartridge to a location no more than 85% of a distance from the first end of the main filter cartridge media to the second end of the main filter cartridge media.
  • 81. A gas filter cartridge according to any one of characterizations 76-80 wherein: (a) at a location around the second end of the media of the safety cartridge, a clearance between the main filter cartridge and the safety cartridge is no more than 8 mm.
  • 82. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 64-81 wherein: (a) the housing includes a central cartridge support, in the housing base section, directed toward the access cover; (b) the safety filter cartridge is positioned with the central cartridge support projecting into an open filter interior of the safety filter cartridge; (c) the safety filter cartridge includes an end, directed toward the access cover, having a recess into which the central projection on the cartridge support extends; (i) the receiver recess in the safety filter cartridge being defined by a projection directed toward the access cover; (d) a resilient cushion member being provided in the receiver recess of the safety filter cartridge and around the central projection on the central cartridge support; and, (e) the main filter cartridge includes a closed end piece having an inner surface with a receiver recess therein; (i) the central projection on the cartridge support, and the projection on the safety filter cartridge defining the receiver recess in the safety filter cartridge, projecting into the receiver recess in the inner surface of the closed end piece of the main filter cartridge.
  • 83. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 64-82 wherein: (a) the housing includes a central cartridge support in the housing base section directed toward the access cover; (b) the safety filter cartridge is positioned with the central cartridge support projecting into an open filter interior of the safety filter cartridge; (c) a resilient cushion member is provided in the receiver recess of the safety filter cartridge around the central projection on the central cartridge support; (d) the safety filter cartridge includes an end directed toward the access cover having an outer surface with a receiver groove surrounding a central projection; and, (e) the main filter cartridge includes a closed end piece having an inner surface with a projection extending into the receiver groove on the outer surface of the safety cartridge end.
  • 84. A gas filter assembly comprising: (a) a housing defining an interior and a gas flow outlet; (i) the housing including a housing base section and a removable access cover; (ii) the housing including a central cartridge support in the housing base section directed toward the access cover; (b) a safety filter cartridge positioned over the central cartridge support; the safety filter comprising media having first and second ends, surrounding a central axis and defining an open interior; (i) at the first end, the media having no pleat greater than 3 mm in depth; and, (ii) at the second end, the media comprising a plurality of pleats each having a pleat depth of at least 10 mm; (c) a main filter cartridge comprising media surrounding a central axis and defining an open interior; (i) the media being pleated in extension between first and second ends; (ii) the media tapering inwardly in extension from the first end toward the second end; (iii) the main filter cartridge including a first, open, end piece on the media first end; (A) a radially inwardly directed housing seal being positioned on the first end piece; and, (iv) the main filter cartridge including a closed end piece on the media second end; (A) the closed end piece including a central projection extending toward the first end of the media to a location at least 15% of a distance between the media second end and the media first end.
  • 85. A gas filter assembly according to characterization 84 wherein: (a) the closed end piece including a central projection extending toward the first end of the media to a location at least 20% of a distance between the media second end and the media first end.
  • 86. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 84 and 85 wherein: (a) the closed end piece including a central projection extending toward the first end of the media to a location at least 20%, in some instances at least 24% of a distance between the media second end and the media first end.
  • 87. A gas filter assembly according to any one of claims 84-86 wherein: (a) the safety filter cartridge is in accord with any one of characterizations 1-63.
  • 88. A gas filter assembly according to any one of characterizations 1-87 wherein: (a) the assembly is in accord with any one of claims 64-83.
  • 89. A housing for a gas filter assembly; the housing: (a) defining an interior and a gas flow outlet; (i) the housing including a housing base section and a removable access cover; (b) the housing including a central cartridge support in the housing base section directed toward the access cover; and, (c) the central cartridge support includes a cartridge support end directed toward the access cover having a central projection with an end tip and a neck section; (i) the neck section having a narrower cross-sectional dimension than a dimension of the central projection on the central cartridge support, adjacent the end tip.
  • 90. A housing according to characterization 89 including: (a) a seal flange surrounding an end of the central cartridge support defining a safety filter cartridge and receiver recess having a maximum radial width of no greater than 25 mm.
  • 91. An air filter cartridge comprising: (a) media surrounding a central axis and defining an open interior; (i) the media being pleated in extension between first and second ends; (ii) the media tapering inwardly in extension from the first end toward the second end; (iii) the main filter cartridge including a first, open, end piece on the media first end; (b) the main filter cartridge including a closed end piece on the media second end; (i) the closed end piece including a central section extending toward the first end of the media to a location at least 15%, typically at least 20%, often at least 24%, of a distance between the media second end and the media first end; and, (ii) the central section including a central projection thereon directed away from the first end piece and terminating at and end remote from the media first end at a location that is spaced, in a direction toward the media first end, from the media second end at least 15% of a distance from the media second end to the media first end; (A) the central projection defining a receiver recess on an inner surface thereof.
  • The principles, techniques, and features described herein can be applied in a variety of systems, and there is no requirement that all of the advantageous features identified be incorporated in an assembly, system or component to obtain some benefit according to the present disclosure. In addition, the dimensions characterizing an example system are meant to indicate a usable construction, and variations from them are possible.

Claims (23)

1. A filter cartridge comprising:
(a) an extension of media surrounding an open interior and having a first end and a second end;
(i) at the first end, the media having no pleat greater than 3 mm in depth; and,
(ii) at the second end, the media comprising a plurality of pleats each having a pleat depth of at least 10 mm.
2. A filter cartridge according to claim 1 wherein:
(a) the extension of media surrounds a central axis;
the media being pleated adjacent the second end and defining a plurality of inner pleat tips extending at an acute angle, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, of no greater than 89°, in extension toward the first end; and,
(ii) the media being non-pleated at the first end.
3. A filter cartridge according to claim 2 including:
(a) a housing radial seal member positioned at a location within 50 mm of the first end.
4. A filter cartridge according to claim 1 wherein:
(a) the media surrounds and defines a central cartridge axis; and,
(b) the media includes a plurality of inner pleats having inner pleat tips extending at an acute angle within the range of 70°-88°, inclusive, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, in extension toward the first end.
5. A filter cartridge according to claim 4 wherein:
(a) the media includes a plurality of outer pleats having outer pleat tips extending at an angle within the range of 88°-90°, inclusive, relative to a plane perpendicular to the central axis, in extension from the second end toward the first end.
6. A filter cartridge according to claim 1:
(a) a radially directed housing seal member positioned at a location within 50 mm of the first end of the extension of media;
(i) the filter cartridge having a maximum, undistorted, radial width dimension, at a location in radial overlap with the media and the housing radial seal member, of at least 10 mm less than a maximum pleat depth of the extension of media adjacent the second end of the extension of media.
7. A filter cartridge comprising:
(a) an extension of media surrounding an open interior and having a first end and a second end;
(i) the media, adjacent the second end, being pleated and comprising a plurality of outwardly directed pleats and a plurality of inwardly directed pleats; and,
(ii) each one of the plurality of outwardly directed pleats having a pleat tip with an outer perimeter tip shape,
(iii) an inner perimeter tip shape, of each pleat tip of the plurality of inwardly directed pleats, being narrower than the pleat tip shape of each one of the plurality of outwardly directed pleats;
(A) the outer pleat tips having an outer, perimeter, pleat shape at a location adjacent the second end with a radius of at least 4 mm.
8. A filter cartridge according to claim 7 including:
(a) a radially directed housing seal member at a location within 40 mm of the first end of the media.
9. A filter cartridge according to claim 8 therein:
(a) the radially directed housing seal member is positioned at a location within 15 mm of the first end of the media.
10. A filter cartridge according to claim 9 including:
(a) the housing seal member is a radially outwardly directed housing seal member.
11. A filter cartridge according to claim 7 including:
(a) a media support;
the media including a non-pleated, free, tip section adjacent the media first end that extends, axially, in a direction away from the second end, an axial distance of at least 0.5 mm beyond a nearest adjacent portion of the media support.
12. A filter cartridge comprising:
(a) an extension of pleated media having a first end and a second end;
(i) the extension of media surrounding an open filter interior; and,
(b) a media support including a first, intermediate, outer pleat spacer positioned between the media first end and the media second end;
(i) the first, intermediate, outer pleat spacer defining an outer pleat engagement shape with an outer pleat radius of at least 4 mm; and,
(ii) the first, intermediate, outer pleat spacer having radial projections defining inner pleat engagement tips having an outer pleat angle of at least 30°.
13. A filter cartridge according to claim 12 including:
(a) a plurality of intermediate outer pleat spacers positioned between the media first and second ends;
(i) axially spaced, adjacent, ones of the plurality of intermediate outer pleat spacers having different amounts of radial projection extension toward a central axis.
14. A filter cartridge according to claim 12 including:
(a) the media support includes longitudinal ribs extending along, and secured to, outer pleat tips of the media in extension from the second end of the media toward the first end of the media, along at least 50% of a length of extension of the outer pleat tips.
15. A filter cartridge comprising:
(a) media extending between first and second ends and surrounding and defining a central axis and open interior; and,
(b) an end piece adjacent the second end of the media;
(i) the end piece defining an outer perimeter of alternating radial outward projections and radial inward recesses; and,
(ii) adjacent ones of the outward projections being spaced by a radial gap of at least 30°.
16. A filter cartridge according to claim 15 wherein:
(a) the end piece radial inward recesses are open, in axial overlap with spaces between outer pleats, by a gap of at least 15 mm in maximum width at a location remote from inner pleat tips.
17. A filter cartridge according to claim 15 wherein:
(a) the end piece is adjacent to, and extends across, the second media end;
the end piece including: an outer surface directed away from the first media end;
and, an inner surface directed toward the first media end;
(i) the inner surface of the end piece having a central recess therein extending in a direction away from the first media end; and,
(b) a cushion member is positioned in the central recess.
18. A filter cartridge according to claim 17 wherein:
(a) the central recess is defined by a projection extending away from the media first end having a wall surrounded by, and spaced from, the media;
(i) the projection having a tip, remote from the media first end, with an aperture therethrough.
19. A gas filter assembly comprising:
(a) a housing defining an interior and a gas flow outlet;
(i) the housing including a housing base section and a removable access cover;
(ii) the housing including a central cartridge support in the housing base section directed toward the access cover;
(b) a safety filter cartridge positioned over the central cartridge support; the safety filter comprising media having first and second ends, surrounding a central axis and defining an open interior;
(i) at the first end, the media having no pleat greater than 3 mm in depth; and,
(ii) at the second end, the media comprising a plurality of pleats each having a pleat depth of at least 10 mm;
(c) a main filter cartridge comprising media surrounding a central axis and defining an open interior;
(i) the media being pleated in extension between first and second ends;
(ii) the media tapering inwardly in extension from the first end toward the second end;
(iii) the main filter cartridge including a first, open, end piece on the media first end;
(A) a radially inwardly directed housing seal being positioned on the first end piece; and,
(iv) the main filter cartridge including a closed end piece on the media second end;
(A) the closed end piece including a central projection extending toward the first end of the media to a location at least 15% of a distance between the media second end and the media first end.
20. A gas filter assembly according to claim 19 wherein:
(a) the closed end piece including a central projection extending toward the first end of the media to a location at least 20% of a distance between the media second end and the media first end.
21. A gas filter assembly according to claim 19 wherein:
(a) the closed end piece including a central projection extending toward the first end of the media to a location at least 25% of a distance between the media second end and the media first end.
22. A gas filter assembly according to claim 19 wherein:
(a) the central cartridge support includes a cartridge support end directed toward the access cover having a central projection with an end tip and a neck section;
(i) the neck section having a narrower cross-sectional dimension than a dimension of the central projection on the central cartridge support, adjacent the end tip.
23. An air filter cartridge comprising:
(a) media surrounding a central axis and defining an open interior;
(i) the media being pleated in extension between first and second ends;
(ii) the media tapering inwardly in extension from the first end toward the second end;
(iii) the main filter cartridge including a first, open, end piece on the media first end;
(b) the main filter cartridge including a closed end piece on the media second end;
(i) the closed end piece including a central section extending toward the first end of the media to a location at least 20% of a distance between the media second end and the media first end; and,
(ii) the central section including a central projection thereon directed away from the first end piece and terminating at and end remote from the media first end at a location that is spaced, in a direction toward the media first end, from the media second end at least 15% of a distance from the media second end to the media first end;
(A) the central projection defining a receiver recess on an inner surface thereof.
US13/834,885 2012-11-29 2013-03-15 Filter cartridges; features and methods of assemlby; air cleaner assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations Abandoned US20140144111A1 (en)

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US201261731259P true 2012-11-29 2012-11-29
US13/834,885 US20140144111A1 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-03-15 Filter cartridges; features and methods of assemlby; air cleaner assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations

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US13/834,885 US20140144111A1 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-03-15 Filter cartridges; features and methods of assemlby; air cleaner assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations
RU2015122054A RU2655904C2 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Filter cartridge and elements thereof
EP13812271.8A EP2925422A2 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Filter cartridges; features and methods of assembly; filter assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations
KR1020157017128A KR20150091356A (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Filter cartridges, features and methods of assembly, filter assemblies, and filter cartridge combinations
US14/646,532 US9925485B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Filter cartridge; features and methods of assembly; filter assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations
CN201710107700.4A CN106955538B (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Filter element, feature and the method for assembling, filter assemblies and filter element combination
DE112013005697.6T DE112013005697T5 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Filter cartridges, features and methods of arrangement; Filter arrangements; and filter cartridge combination
AU2013351960A AU2013351960B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Filter cartridges; features and methods of assembly; filter assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations
PCT/US2013/072495 WO2014085769A2 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Filter cartridges; features and methods of assembly; filter assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations
JP2015545486A JP6189972B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Safety filter cartridge and gas filter assembly
BR112015012650A BR112015012650A2 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 filter cartridges, mounting features and methods, filter mounts, and filter cartridge combinations
RU2018113517A RU2018113517A (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Filter cartridge and gas filter assembly
CN201380071468.3A CN105142754B (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Filter cartridges, features and methods of assembly, filter assemblies, and, filter cartridge combinations
ZA2015/04592A ZA201504592B (en) 2012-11-29 2015-06-25 Filter cartridges; features and methods of assembly; filter assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations
US15/935,271 US20180214807A1 (en) 2012-11-29 2018-03-26 Filter cartridges; features and methods of assembly; filter assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations
AU2018226439A AU2018226439A1 (en) 2012-11-29 2018-09-05 Filter cartridges; features and methods of assembly; filter assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations

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US14/646,532 Continuation US9925485B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Filter cartridge; features and methods of assembly; filter assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations
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US13/841,440 Active 2033-04-23 US9067161B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-03-15 Filter cartridges; features and methods of assembly; air cleaner assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations
US14/646,532 Active 2033-11-18 US9925485B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2013-11-29 Filter cartridge; features and methods of assembly; filter assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations
US14/718,249 Active 2033-08-31 US9889398B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2015-05-21 Filter cartridges; features and methods of assembly; air cleaner assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations
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US14/718,249 Active 2033-08-31 US9889398B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2015-05-21 Filter cartridges; features and methods of assembly; air cleaner assemblies; and, filter cartridge combinations
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ZA201504592B (en) 2020-02-26
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RU2655904C2 (en) 2018-05-29
US20140144112A1 (en) 2014-05-29
CN106955538B (en) 2019-07-23
CN105142754B (en) 2017-03-22
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EP2925422A2 (en) 2015-10-07
WO2014085769A2 (en) 2014-06-05
WO2014085769A3 (en) 2014-10-02
RU2015122054A (en) 2017-01-11
AU2013351960B2 (en) 2018-11-01
CN105142754A (en) 2015-12-09
RU2018113517A (en) 2019-03-04
US20150251122A1 (en) 2015-09-10
US9889398B2 (en) 2018-02-13
WO2014085769A9 (en) 2014-07-17
DE112013005697T5 (en) 2015-09-03
CN106955538A (en) 2017-07-18
KR20150091356A (en) 2015-08-10
AU2018226439A1 (en) 2018-09-27
US9925485B2 (en) 2018-03-27
JP2016505365A (en) 2016-02-25
BR112015012650A2 (en) 2017-07-11
US20150298039A1 (en) 2015-10-22
US9067161B2 (en) 2015-06-30

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