US20120318474A1 - Ground circuit in a low-energy system - Google Patents

Ground circuit in a low-energy system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20120318474A1
US20120318474A1 US13/513,597 US201013513597A US2012318474A1 US 20120318474 A1 US20120318474 A1 US 20120318474A1 US 201013513597 A US201013513597 A US 201013513597A US 2012318474 A1 US2012318474 A1 US 2012318474A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
hollow profile
pipe
ground circuit
coiled
pipe system
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US13/513,597
Inventor
Mauri Antero Lieskoski
Original Assignee
Mauri Antero Lieskoski
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to FI20096291 priority Critical
Priority to FI20096291A priority patent/FI20096291A0/en
Application filed by Mauri Antero Lieskoski filed Critical Mauri Antero Lieskoski
Priority to PCT/FI2010/050736 priority patent/WO2011067457A1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=41462757&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=US20120318474(A1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Publication of US20120318474A1 publication Critical patent/US20120318474A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24TGEOTHERMAL COLLECTORS; GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS
    • F24T10/00Geothermal collectors
    • F24T10/10Geothermal collectors with circulation of working fluids through underground channels, the working fluids not coming into direct contact with the ground
    • F24T10/13Geothermal collectors with circulation of working fluids through underground channels, the working fluids not coming into direct contact with the ground using tube assemblies suitable for insertion into boreholes in the ground, e.g. geothermal probes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24TGEOTHERMAL COLLECTORS; GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS
    • F24T10/00Geothermal collectors
    • F24T10/10Geothermal collectors with circulation of working fluids through underground channels, the working fluids not coming into direct contact with the ground
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24TGEOTHERMAL COLLECTORS; GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS
    • F24T10/00Geothermal collectors
    • F24T10/10Geothermal collectors with circulation of working fluids through underground channels, the working fluids not coming into direct contact with the ground
    • F24T10/13Geothermal collectors with circulation of working fluids through underground channels, the working fluids not coming into direct contact with the ground using tube assemblies suitable for insertion into boreholes in the ground, e.g. geothermal probes
    • F24T10/15Geothermal collectors with circulation of working fluids through underground channels, the working fluids not coming into direct contact with the ground using tube assemblies suitable for insertion into boreholes in the ground, e.g. geothermal probes using bent tubes; using tubes assembled with connectors or with return headers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/04Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits
    • F28D1/047Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag
    • F28D1/0472Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag the conduits being helically or spirally coiled
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D7/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall
    • F28D7/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being helically coiled
    • F28D7/024Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being helically coiled the conduits of only one medium being helically coiled tubes, the coils having a cylindrical configuration
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/007Auxiliary supports for elements
    • F28F9/013Auxiliary supports for elements for tubes or tube-assemblies
    • F28F9/0132Auxiliary supports for elements for tubes or tube-assemblies formed by slats, tie-rods, articulated or expandable rods
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/0206Heat exchangers immersed in a large body of liquid
    • F28D1/022Heat exchangers immersed in a large body of liquid for immersion in a natural body of water, e.g. marine radiators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/04Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits
    • F28D1/047Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag
    • F28D1/0472Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag the conduits being helically or spirally coiled
    • F28D1/0473Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag the conduits being helically or spirally coiled the conduits having a non-circular cross-section
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F2240/00Spacing means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/10Geothermal energy
    • Y02E10/12Earth coil heat exchangers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/10Geothermal energy
    • Y02E10/12Earth coil heat exchangers
    • Y02E10/125Compact tube assemblies, e.g. geothermal probes

Abstract

The present invention relates to a ground circuit in a low-energy system, said ground circuit comprising a connection pipeline (3), collection pipe system (2) and a return pipeline (4) for circulating a transfer fluid. The ground circuit is utilized for transferring thermal energy recovered from its surroundings, for instance, to a heat pump (5) or the like. The present ground circuit collection pipe system (2) is characterized by consisting of a hollow profile (6) arranged to be a coil, whereby the hollow profile is connected at its first end to a connection pipeline (3) for conveying the transfer fluid along the hollow profile from the first coil end to the second, and at the second end of the coil the second end of the hollow profile is connected to the return pipeline (4) for conveying the transfer fluid from the hollow profile towards the place where used. At the opposite ends of this hollow profile there are advantageously arranged means for controlling the fluid flow provided therein.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention relates to a ground circuit in a low-energy system in accordance with the preamble of claim 1. The invention also relates to a method for recovering energy in accordance with claim 16.
  • A ground circuit and a method of this kind are utilized, in particular, in systems where energy—as well heat as cold—is transferred with a terminal device from ground, rock or water by the intermediary of a transfer fluid. Said terminal device may be as well a heat pump as an air conditioning radiator.
  • In this context the low-energy system refers to a system whose energy source has a low temperature, and most conventionally this temperature may be in the range of +2 to +10° C. In this specification, the energy content generated by an energy source, such as ground, rock or water, will be referred to as low energy. Utilization of the low energy of ground, rock or water has generally referred to heating of a building or tap water by employing a heat pump or various heat collection circuits, for instance. There is conventionally obtained 2 to 4 units of heat per each electric energy unit used. In cold climate conditions the heating energy consumption for buildings is considerable, whereby the utilization of low-energy systems is becoming more and more economically viable as the costs of electricity and oil increase.
  • Naturally, the present collection circuit and collection method may also be utilized in cooling indoor spaces. In that case a cool transfer fluid coming from a heat collection circuit is circulated, for instance, through cooling beams, cooling radiators or the like devices.
  • Up to the present, a commonly used manner to recover energy has been to place a collection circuit, i.e. so-called ground circuit, in a soil layer surrounding a building, where it is buried in a frost-free depth substantially horizontally. A ground circuit of this kind requires a large surface area to obtain a sufficient efficiency, and consequently it can only be used on large plots of land. Pipe loops in a ground circuit shall be at least 1.5 m apart from one another so that the adjacent loops would not interfere with the energy recovery of one another. To place a horizontal pipe system in the ground requires that an extensive pipe trench system be dug throughout the length of the ground circuit, whereby the placement thereof in a finished courtyard area or park, for instance, is difficult without causing serious damage to the root systems of plants and trees.
  • A second manner to recover energy is to place a collection circuit in the bottom of a lake or another water body, whereby energy is transferred from the bottom sediment and water to a transfer fluid. The collection circuit may be conveyed into water on land, but in that case an outgoing pipeline and a return pipeline should have separate, specific trenches. The collection pipe system placed in water is easy to install in the bottom of the water body. However, a liquid-filled pipe is lighter than the surrounding water, and consequently it tends to rise towards the surface. Irregularly risen portions of the collection pipe system may produce in the collection pipe system air pockets that hamper the circulation of the transfer fluid. In order to provide steady energy yield the collection pipe system should be anchored to the bottom of the water body. The pipe system installed in the bottom of the water body is also more vulnerable to breakage than the one dug in the ground. For instance, an anchor of a boat or a similar device may get caught in the pipe system and break it. In the shore line the outgoing and incoming pipelines shall be buried sufficiently deep, so that the ice would not damage the pipe system in winter.
  • A third manner to recover energy, which is currently becoming more and more common, is to construct a so-called heat well. In that solution a special pipe system, which constitutes a ground circuit, is buried in a deep, vertical hole drilled preferably in rock. The heat well requires a very small surface area compared with a horizontal pipe system, and the amount of energy obtained therefrom is conventionally double compared with a collection circuit placed in a soil layer or in a water body. Energy yield is particularly good when the heat well is drilled in rock. It is common, however, that on top of the rock there is a significant layer of loose material, such as soil and/or rubble. This portion containing loose material increases the cost of a heat well, because it must be furnished with a special protective pipe which prevents the well from collapsing. In addition, energy yield from the loose material portion is poorer than from the rock portion, and consequently the well is to be made deeper, or there is to be made a plurality of wells side by side in the loose material.
  • Selection between these three collection methods depends on the location, surface area and soil of the available area. Because the construction of a collection circuit is labour intensive, the costs incurred have often been high, which for its part has curbed the interest in low-energy systems.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The object of the present invention is to provide a ground circuit in a low-energy system, whereby the above-described problems could mainly be avoided.
  • This is achieved by a ground circuit in a low-energy system having the characteristics defined in the claims of the present invention. The problems of a ground circuit in the present low-energy system may be solved by combining the characteristics in the manner as stated in the characterizing part of claim 1. Further, the method for recovering energy in a ground circuit in a low-energy system in accordance with the invention is characterized by what is stated in the characterizing part of claim 16.
  • The preferred embodiments of the invention are disclosed in the respective dependent claims.
  • The invention is based on the idea that the physical length a ground circuit takes in the environment may be substantially reduced by utilizing a coiled pipe in the structure of the ground circuit. A hollow profile encircling an internal cavity formed by a pipe of this kind may provide up to a 50-metre long collection pipe system for one metre of pipe in longitudinal direction. By arranging these coils nested one inside the other it is possible to further increase the total length of the collection pipe system. Each coil being tubular in structure, there is provided a ground circuit solution that is easy to manufacture and reliable in operation.
  • Considerable advantages are achieved by the invention. So, the same kind of collection pipe system may be used individually or in groups, in a water body or buried in the ground, either in vertical drillings or horizontal diggings.
  • Of the large amount of hollow profile arranged for the length of pipelines constituting the collection pipe system a considerably shorter pipe than before will suffice for implementing a collection circuit, whereby both installation and maintenance work becomes significantly easier.
  • By arranging several coiled collection pipe systems nested one inside the other it is possible to provide a multi-pipe collection circuit that is particularly well suited for flowing water and that is able to utilize effectively the energy content of water conveyed therein and flowing therethrough.
  • In particular, a multi-pipe collection pipe system consisting of nested coils is well suited for utilization, for instance, in the vicinity of flowing water such that the collection pipe system is connected at its opposite ends to vertical wells, into which a flow of the nearby water body is conveyed. Maintenance of the collection pipe system that is located on dry land and has a closed outer surface becomes simpler, when it is possible to use vertical wells for servicing the exchanger, for instance, for washing with pressure washers. In addition, the vertical wells enable flow rate control in the collection pipe system.
  • By placing the collection pipe system of the invention such that a flow space formed therein is substantially vertical, it is possible to provide in the flow space a flow-through even in low-flow water. As the collection pipe system extracts energy from the surrounding water, this water mass cools down, which in turn results in natural water circulation as the cooled water starts moving towards the surface of the water body.
  • In the manufacture of the pipe system it is even possible to utilize double-walled pipelines known per se, whose hollow profile is connected to connection and return pipelines.
  • Other advantages provided by the invention are described below, as particular embodiments of the invention are described in greater detail.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • In the following, some preferred embodiments of the invention are described in greater detail, with reference to the attached drawing, in which
  • FIG. 1 shows known solutions for recovering energy;
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a coil constituting a collection pipe system;
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic side view of the collection pipe system so as to illustrate its main structural components;
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a perforated collection pipe system formed by a single hollow profile and a flat bar connected thereto;
  • FIG. 5 is an end view of the collection pipe system of FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the pipe system formed by a single coiled double-walled pipe;
  • FIG. 7 is an end view of the collection pipe system of FIG. 6;
  • FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the pipe system formed by two, separate, coiled, double-walled pipes;
  • FIG. 9 is an end view of the collection pipe system of FIG. 8;
  • FIG. 10 shows a collection pipe system provided with head and end wells, in which pipe system nested hollow profiles are interconnected with a fitting;
  • FIG. 11 shows a collection field formed by collection pipe systems arranged in juxtaposition;
  • FIG. 12 shows a collection field formed by pipe systems arranged in series;
  • FIG. 13 shows a collection pipe system surrounded by soil and arranged in a substantially vertical position;
  • FIG. 14 is a cross-sectional view of an arrangement, in which nested coils of collection pipe system collect thermal energy from a water body, for instance a lake;
  • FIG. 15 is a top view of the arrangement of FIG. 14; and
  • FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional view in accordance with FIG. 14 at point A-A in FIG. 15.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • In the present figures, embodiments of ground circuits in a low-energy system have not been shown on scale, but the figures are schematic illustrating the structure and operation of the preferred embodiments in principle. Thus, the structural parts indicated by reference numerals in the attached figures, correspond to the structural parts denoted by reference numerals in this specification.
  • It is known per se to collect energy, for instance, for use in a heat pump by utilizing the solutions in accordance with FIG. 1. The figure shows two parallel systems, the first of which comprises a collection pipe system 2 arranged in a heat well 1, which communicates with a heat pump 5 through connection and return pipelines 3 and 4. In the second system of the figure the heat pump communicates with a collection pipe system submerged in a nearby water body through second connection and return pipelines.
  • Even a schematic figure of this kind shows the large dimensions of the collection pipe systems 2 of these known solutions, which constitutes one essential challenge in the construction of low-energy systems.
  • It has been found that this kind of collection pipe system 2 of large physical dimensions is replaceable by a considerably more compact solution, in which a hollow profile 6 forming the collection pipe system is arranged, unlike before, to form a compact coil to be buried in the environment. A schematic embodiment of this coil is shown in FIG. 2. On the basis of the figure it is possible to find that the physical dimensions of the collection pipe system are affected by a radius r of the coil as well as the mutual distance between the adjacent coil rounds, i.e. the pitch P. The coil may even be formed such that it contains 50 m of hollow profile per one metre of coil in longitudinal direction. The cross-sectional shape and the width of the hollow profile are affected by the overall structure of the collection circuit, the coil radius and the mutual distance between the adjacent coil rounds.
  • The coil of FIG. 2 is applicable for use in a collection pipe system 2, when a hollow profile 6 is allowed to form a coil that is of an open coil spring type as shown in FIG. 3, in which a connection pipeline 3 joined to the collection pipe system simultaneously forms one of the bracing bars 7 of the coil. The connection pipe is attached, for instance, by mechanical fasteners or by welding most preferably to several loops of the coil so as to prevent the coil from collapsing. The coil may also comprise one or more other bracing bars 7 as shown in the figure.
  • The collection pipe system 2 of FIG. 3 operates such that the collection pipe system is installed in a water body or to be surrounded by soil, whereby the outer surface 8 of the hollow profile 6 of the collection pipe system comes substantially totally into contact with the surrounding, thermal energy containing material. Thus, the thermal energy is transferred to the transfer fluid circulating in the coil substantially throughout the outer surface of the collection pipe system.
  • FIGS. 4 and 5, in turn, show a particular structural solution of an embodiment of the collection pipe system 2 of a ground circuit in the present low-energy system. In that case the collection pipe system consists of a coiled hollow profile 6 known per se, whereby said hollow profile is utilized in the circulation of transfer fluid. In this embodiment the successive rounds of the hollow profile are separated from one another by a flat bar 9 arranged therebetween. In this manner it is possible to obtain a cross section of the collection pipe system as shown in FIG. 4, on the outer surface of which there will be outwardly facing grooves 10 to provide a larger contact surface with the surrounding material. On the other hand, the hollow profile and the flat bar form a tubular structure as shown in FIG. 5, which defines within its limits a cavity in this connection referred to as a flow space 11. The grooves may also be formed such that they are oriented towards this flow space by arranging the flat bar on the opposite edge of the hollow profile of FIG. 4.
  • By providing the flat bars 9 between the hollow profile 6 with perforations 12 it is possible to convey material into the flow space 11 of the collection pipe system 2 both through the opposite ends of the flow space and through the outer surface of the collection pipe system. This feature may be utilized both when installing the collection pipe system to be surrounded by soil and when installing it to be surrounded by water. For instance, when filling the trench for the collection pipe system with sufficiently fine-grained filling material, the filling material runs more easily also into the flow space, which makes the contact surface larger between the collection pipe system and the material. On the other hand, when the collection pipe system provided with perforated flat bars is installed such that it is surrounded by water, the perforation enables freer flow of water through the structures of the collection pipe system.
  • The embodiments of the collection pipe system 2 in accordance with FIGS. 6 to 9 preferably consist of a coiled, double-walled pipe known per se. This pipe, in turn, consists of a hollow profile 6 and a cavity, i.e. a flow space 11, provided therein. It is clear that one or more hollow profiles provided side by side may be arranged to encircle the flow space. Into the hollow profile encircling the cavity there is conveyed transfer fluid that is arranged to receive, the hollow profile being in contact with the source material surrounding it and/or locating or moving in the cavity, the thermal energy from this material. The heat transfer fluid transfers this thermal energy through a return pipeline 4 to a heat exchanger 5 connected to the ground circuit so as to recover the thermal energy. In case the flow space of a double-walled pipe is surrounded throughout its length by a plurality of hollow profiles, the heat transfer fluid may be conveyed into one or more of these hollow profiles. Thus, the transfer fluid circulating in the double-walled pipe may be arranged to come into contact with the surrounding source material throughout its surface or just for a portion of its surface. In the former case transfer fluid is conveyed into each parallel hollow profile. In the latter case transfer fluid is conveyed into just one or some hollow profiles.
  • A variation of this coiled, double-walled pipe is provided, when the successive rounds in the above-mentioned hollow profile are separated from one another by two substantially juxtaposed flat bars such that both the inner surface and the outer surface are uniform.
  • In accordance with FIGS. 6 and 7, there may be only one double-walled pipe, whereby inside the pipe there is defined one undivided flow space 11 having a relatively large cross section. On the other hand, the collection pipe system 2 may also consist of a plurality of nested, double-walled pipes, in particular for recovering larger amounts of thermal energy, in the manner illustrated in FIGS. 8 and 9. In that case the collection pipe system is formed by at least two, coiled, double-walled pipes mounted substantially concentrically in relation to their longitudinal axis, whereby the collection pipe system will also be provided with several adjacent annular flow spaces—even though the flow space in the middle will be a tubular flow space having a small cross section. The multi-tier collection pipe system of this kind is particularly well suited for use in a water body, and in particular in a water body that flows.
  • Even though FIGS. 8 and 9 show a collection pipe system consisting of two nested, double-walled pipes, the number of interfitting pipes may even be higher. However, when the multi-tier collection pipe systems of this kind are formed, it has to be made sure that each adjacent flow space has a cross-sectional area that allows sufficient flow in order to optimize energy exchange between the source material and the heat transfer fluid. In general, the height of the flow space is 50 to 200 mm.
  • When the collection pipe system 2 is made of a plurality of nested, double-walled pipes as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, it is advantageous to connect the hollow profiles 6 of each adjacent pipe to connection pipes with a particular inlet manifold 13, through which the cooled transfer fluid may be fed from the connection pipe 3 to the hollow profile. This inlet manifold equalizes the flow of the transfer fluid conveyed into the hollow profile, in particular in the embodiments comprising multiple, nested, hollow profile tiers, in order to enable as steady flow as possible in the collection pipe system. When heated transfer fluid arrives from a first end of the double-walled pipe to its second end, said second end likewise comprises an outlet manifold 14 for conveying the transfer fluid from the hollow profile into the return pipeline 4 and further to the heat exchanger 5. The flow of the transfer fluid in the hollow profiles may be particularly equalized or otherwise controlled by mounting specific valves in the feed and discharge blocks for equalizing the fluid flow. The flow of the transfer fluid is also controllable by selecting the cross-sectional area of the hollow profiles of the nested pipes to be such that they differ slightly from one another, whereby the flows in adjacent and nested pipes are preferably fairly uniform.
  • The hollow profile 6 of the collection pipe system 2 in accordance with the above embodiments preferably has a cross section that is substantially square-shaped. However, the shape of the profile is not restricted to this shape, but also other known cross-sectional shapes are possible, as long as they are suitable for the manufacture of helical collection pipe system. Even though particularly the above-mentioned double-walled pipes are mainly manufactured of square-shaped plastic profile, also other materials, such as aluminium and steel, are well suited for the manufacture of collection pipe systems described herein.
  • The present collection pipe system 2 of a ground circuit in a low-energy system may be installed in a variety of ways to be surrounded by source material. So, the collection pipe system may be placed substantially horizontally in water, where water flows continuously therethrough, or in substantially vertical position in non-flowing water, whereby natural vertical flow resulting from the cooling of water will be provided in the flow space 11 of the collection pipe system. The collection pipe system may also be installed upright in a so-called heat well, where it is surrounded by source material. The collection pipe system may be further installed horizontally in a trenchlike dugout, where it is advantageously surrounded by fine-grained source material. It is particularly advantageous to use the collection pipe system in a groundwater basin, where water enhances heat exchange from the surrounding material into the heat transfer fluid circulating in the hollow profile 6.
  • By installing the collection pipe system 2 of the ground circuit in flowing water, the water flushes both sides of the hollow profiles containing the heat transfer fluid thus enhancing significantly the transfer of thermal energy into the transfer fluid and thus further to a heat exchanger 5 or a cooling apparatus.
  • Particularly high efficiency of energy transfer is achieved, when the collection pipe system 2 forms a collector arrangement shown in FIGS. 14 to 16 and comprising nested, coiled pipes of different cross-sections, their number being two to twelve, preferably seven to nine. For reasons of drawing technique, these figures only show six nested pipes and the flow space 11 surrounded thereby. The pipes may be either double-walled or they may consist of coil loops separated by a flat bar, whereby the flat bar is advantageously perforated to provide improved flow-through.
  • As described above, in these coiled, hollow profiles there flows a transfer fluid that recovers thermal energy from a water body by conveying the water into the flow spaces 11 between the pipe tiers preferably by means of a propeller pump 15.
  • The manufacturing material of the collector arrangement is preferably plastic, for instance HD-PE plastic, whereby all joints are produced by a welding method required by each particular application. The advantages of plastic material include very long service life and a structure that is durable, strong and impermeable in use.
  • For conveying water into the collector system it is to be equipped with an inlet pipe 16 and a discharge pipe 17. These are to be equipped with protective strainers so that no foreign objects have access to the collector arrangement or the flow-providing propeller pump to damage them or to hamper the flow. For safety reasons and for reliable operation, manholes arranged in service wells 18 appearing in FIGS. 14 to 16 are lockable, naturally. The extremely simple structure of the collector arrangement guarantees reliable operation over a long time span.
  • By attaching the collection pipe system of this collector arrangement to a particular, purpose-built anchoring slab 19 appearing in FIG. 14, for instance it is possible to provide a ready-to-install collection pipe system element. In the figure the attachment is implemented with attachment ties 21 wound around the jacket of the outermost protective pipe 20.
  • This collector arrangement is simple and fast to install anywhere in flowing water or in the vicinity thereof. The connection and return pipelines 3 and 4 belonging to the collector arrangement are connectable by simple measures to a separate heat exchanger.
  • By selecting the total length of collector arrangement to be about 15 m in the embodiment as shown in FIGS. 14 to 16 there is provided a collection pipe system, in which the total surface area of the hollow profile 6 is up to 1,000 m2. It is advantageous to group the collection pipe system of the collector arrangement into two cellular series, as shown in the figures. It is found that by dividing the collector pipe system into two parts in this manner, it is possible to enhance the collection of thermal energy from the source material.
  • Computationally, the efficiency of the collector arrangement of this type is found to be in the order of 700 kW, when water at the temperature of +4° C. is circulated therein. This means that the output heating capacity in accordance with the embodiment of this collector arrangement would be 1 MW, when utilized with a coefficient of performance 3 (COP-3). By way of comparison, this heating capacity would be sufficient for about 100 standard-sized detached houses. The collector arrangement itself would require about 10 kW of power, which is needed by the propeller pump for the flow motion of water.
  • When comparing this collector arrangement with conventional rock or sediment heat solutions considerable advantages are achieved. For instance, it may be stated that one collector arrangement in accordance with FIGS. 14 to 16 corresponds to a good 70 rock heat wells that are 300 m deep, when the collector arrangement is subjected to continuous energy supply. Because the present collector arrangement is remarkably efficient, the cost of the ground circuit will be lower than before. When the present collector arrangement is utilized, the purchase and installation costs of the ground circuit are just one third of those of the previous solutions. The construction area required by the ground circuit is also significantly smaller when the above collector arrangement is compared with a bore well field.
  • When the collector arrangement is made of plastic, a structure is provided that tolerates as well salinity as variations in temperature of ambient material better than before. Thus, the collector arrangement also has a longer service life than before.
  • The collector arrangement consisting of one or more coiled, multi-tier collection pipe system elements may also comprise at its first end a substantially vertical head pipe 22 as shown in FIG. 10. The main purpose of this head pipe is to protect the water-flow-encountering first ends of pipes, which form the collection pipe system 2 installed in a water body, from persistent erosion resulting from impurities in the water and from impacts caused by objects passing along the water. The head pipe 22 also conveys the water flow at a steady pressure into at least one flow space 11 of the collection pipe system.
  • The water flow pressure prevailing in the collection pipe system 2 may be further equalized by arranging at the second end of the coiled pipes, opposite to the head pipe 22, a substantially vertical end well 23 as illustrated in FIG. 10. The water discharged from the flow space 11 enters thus the end well, wherefrom it returns to a surrounding flow after a vertical transfer.
  • When the above-described collection pipe system elements are manufactures, the connection and return pipes 3 and 4 may be mounted safely on the anchoring slab 19 and be protected by the head pipe 22 and the end well 23 as shown schematically in FIG. 10.
  • The solution provided by the present collection pipe system is particularly advantageous to install in condensing water flow of power plants or the like, in discharge flows of waste water treatment plants and in rivers or in other natural water flows, such as tidal areas.
  • If considered that the use of the head pipe 22 is not necessary, it is possible to protect the multi-tier collection pipe element by a protective frame to be mounted at both ends. For instance, a protective metal frame prevents foreign objects, such as logs, ice blocks and the like, from damaging the collection pipe system element.
  • The described collection pipe system element may also be utilized by installing it on dry land, close to a water body, such as described in FIG. 14. Thus, the head pipe 22 and the end well 23 may form vertical wells at the opposite ends of the collection pipe system element, when so desired. Through these vertical wells it is possible to convey water of the nearby river or other water body, for instance, with inlet and outlet pipes 16 and 17 into and out of the collection pipe system 2. When necessary, the flow rate of water may be controlled in the collection pipe system by a pump 15 to be mounted on the head pipe or the collection pipe system in the above-described manner. In addition, these vertical wells may be utilized for maintenance of the collection pipe system element, for instance, for washing it with pressure washers.
  • The ground circuit in a low-energy system as described here is utilized in the following manner. The collection pipe system 2 comprised by the ground circuit is arranged in the above-described manner to form at least one coil, each coil having a substantially uniform cross section. The transfer fluid in the ground circuit is passed along this coil, as shown in FIG. 3, from a connection pipeline 3 at its first end to its second end and the second end of the coil is connected to a return pipeline 4 for conveying the transfer fluid flow further to be used, for instance, in a heat pump 5 of FIG. 1.
  • The outer surface 8 of the collection pipe system 2 is arranged to come into contact with surrounding source material containing thermal energy such that the thermal energy is transferred to the transfer fluid circulating in the coil substantially throughout the outer surface of the collection pipe system. By arranging the collection pipe system to comprise several coils so that the coils are nested substantially concentrically, for instance, in the manner shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, and by interconnecting them into a continuous collection circuit through connection and return pipelines 3 and 4, it is possible to multiply the amount of recovered thermal energy per one metre of collection pipe system in longitudinal direction.
  • When the collection pipe system 2 is formed by at least one coiled pipe consisting of a hollow profile 6 and a cavity surrounded thereby, i.e. a flow space 11, both the outer surface of the pipe provided by the hollow profile and the inner side thereof may be arranged to be simultaneously in contact with the surrounding source material containing thermal energy. When a double-walled pipe is used, the thermal energy is transferred to the transfer fluid circulating in the hollow profile both throughout the outer surface of the pipe and throughout the inner surface of the pipe. When the collection pipe system comprises a plurality of coils, the nested pipes form between them separate flow spaces, and the innermost pipe cavity forms a flow space, which flow spaces extend throughout the length of the collection pipe system. In this manner both the outer surface and the inner surface formed in each pipe by the hollow profile are arranged to be in contact with the surrounding source material containing thermal energy by conveying a fluid flow through the flow spaces of the collection pipe system.
  • Recovery of thermal energy may also be enhanced by arranging the ground circuit to comprise at least two collection pipe systems 2 in juxtaposeition, as shown in FIG. 11. Alternatively, or additionally, the collection pipe system may comprise at least two successive collection pipe systems, as shown in FIG. 12.
  • It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that as technology advances the basic idea of the above-described solution may be implemented in a variety of ways. The described solution and the embodiments thereof are not restricted to the above examples, but they may vary within the scope of the claims.

Claims (14)

1.-24. (canceled)
25. A ground circuit in a low-energy system, the ground circuit comprising a connection pipeline (3), a collection pipe system (2) and a return pipeline (4) for circulating a transfer fluid, the ground circuit being arranged to be utilized in transferring energy recovered from its surroundings to a place where it is used,
wherein the collection pipe system (2) consists of a hollow profile (6) arranged as coils having a substantially uniform cross sections, the coils forming a coiled double-walled pipe, the hollow profile (6) surrounding at least one flow space (11) formed in the collection pipe system (2) and the hollow profile (6) being connected at a first end to the connection pipeline (3) in order to convey the transfer fluid along the hollow profile from a first end of the coiled double-walled pipe to a second end of the coiled double-walled pipe,
wherein at the second end of the coiled double-walled pipe, a second end of the hollow profile is connected to the return pipeline (4) and is configured to convey the transfer fluid from the hollow profile towards a place where it is used, opposite ends of the hollow profile comprising mechanisms configured to control flow of the transfer fluid provided therein,
wherein the collection pipe system (2) further comprises at least one additional coiled pipe of a different cross section than the coiled double walled pipe, the coiled pipes being arranged in a nested and substantially concentric manner such that the coiled pipes form between them separate flow spaces (11), and the innermost pipe cavity forms a flow space, the flow spaces extending throughout a length of the collection pipe system, whereby both an outer surface and an inner surface provided by the hollow profile (6) of each coiled pipe is arranged to be in contact with a surrounding, energy-containing source material to be flowed through the flow spaces (11) of the collection pipe system (2), and
wherein the collection pipe system (2) further comprises a substantially vertical head pipe portion (22) configured to convey a substantially steady flow of the energy-containing source material into at least one flow space (11) defined inside the ground circuit.
26. The ground circuit of claim 25, wherein the coiled, double-walled pipe comprises at an end opposite to the head pipe portion (22), a substantially vertical end well (23) for equalizing the flow pressure in at least one flow space (11).
27. The ground circuit of claim 25, wherein the ground circuit comprises a pump (15) for maintaining flow in the flow space (11).
28. The ground circuit of claim 25, wherein the collection pipe system (2) of the ground circuit comprises successively arranged pipes, the collection pipe system being connected to the common connection and return pipelines (3, 4).
29. The ground circuit of claim 25, wherein the collection pipe system (2) of the ground circuit comprises pipes arranged in juxtaposition, and the obtained thermal energy collection field being connected to the common connection and return pipelines (3, 4).
30. A ground circuit in a low-energy system, the ground circuit comprising a connection pipeline (3), a collection pipe system (2) and a return pipeline (4) for circulating a transfer fluid, the ground circuit being arranged to be utilized in transferring energy recovered from its surroundings to a place where it is used,
wherein the collection pipe system (2) of the ground circuit consists of a hollow profile (6) arranged as coils having substantially uniform cross sections, the coils forming a coiled double-walled pipe, the hollow profile (6) surrounding at least one flow space (11) formed in the collection pipe system (2) and the hollow profile (6) being connected at a first end to the connection pipeline (3) in order to convey the transfer fluid along the hollow pipe from a first end of the coiled pipe to a second end of the coiled pipe,
wherein at the second end of the coiled pipe, a second end of the hollow profile is connected to the return pipeline (4) and is configured to convey the transfer fluid from the hollow profile towards a place where it is used, opposite ends of the hollow profile comprising mechanisms configured to control flow of the transfer fluid provided therein, and
wherein successive rounds of the hollow profile (6) of the coiled pipe are separated from one another by a flat bar (9) arranged therebetween, the flat bar (9) comprising holes (12) configured to convey a filler into the flow space (11) of the coiled pipe.
31. The ground circuit of claim 30, wherein the collection pipe system (2) of the ground circuit comprises successively arranged pipes, the collection pipe system being connected to common connection and return pipelines (3, 4).
32. The ground circuit of claim 31, wherein the collection pipe system (2) of the ground circuit comprises pipes arranged in juxtaposition, and wherein an obtained thermal energy collection field is connected to the common connection and return pipelines (3, 4).
33. A method for recovering energy in a ground circuit in a low-energy system, the ground circuit comprising a connection pipe (3), collection pipe system (2) and a return pipeline (4) for circulating a transfer fluid and for recovering energy, a flow of the transfer fluid being provided in the ground circuit for transferring the energy to a place where it used, the method comprising the steps of:
forming the collection pipe system (2) from a hollow profile (6) by coiling the hollow profile into at least one coil, the coil forming a coiled double-walled pipe having a substantially uniform cross section and the hollow profile (6) surrounding at least one flow space (11) formed in the collection pipe system;
conveying the transfer fluid along the hollow profile from the connection pipe (3) from a first end of the coiled pipe to a second end of the coiled pipe, a second end of the hollow profile being connected to the return pipeline (4) in order to control the flow of the transfer fluid further to a place where it is used;
arranging an outer surface of the collection pipe system (2) to be in contact with a surrounding source material containing thermal energy such that the thermal energy is transferred to the transfer fluid circulating in the coiled double-walled pipe substantially throughout the outer surface of the collection pipe system;
forming at least one additional coiled pipe of a different cross section than the coiled double-walled pipe;
arranging the coiled pipes in a nested and substantially concentric manner such that the coiled pipes form between them separate flow spaces (11), the innermost pipe cavity forming a flow space, the flow spaces extending throughout a length of the collection pipe system;
arranging both an outer surface and an inner surface of each hollow profile (6) of each coiled pipe to be in contact with the surrounding, energy-containing source material by conveying the flow of the transfer fluid through the flow spaces (11) of the collection pipe system (2), and
distributing the flow of the transfer fluid into the flow spaces (11) is by conveying the transfer fluid into a head pipe (22) interconnecting the flow spaces.
34. The method for recovering energy in accordance with claim 33, wherein loops of the hollow profile (6) of the coiled pipe are interconnected by arranging flat bars (9) therebetween.
35. The method for recovering energy in accordance with claim 33, wherein a pressure of the transfer fluid flow in the flow spaces (11) is stabilized by conveying the transfer fluid after the flow spaces to a common end well (23) connected thereto.
36. The method for recovering energy in accordance with claim 33, wherein the ground circuit is formed to comprise at least two collection pipe systems (2) arranged in juxtaposition.
37. The method for recovering energy in accordance with claim 33, wherein the ground circuit is formed to comprise at least two collection pipe systems (2) arranged successively.
US13/513,597 2009-12-04 2010-09-23 Ground circuit in a low-energy system Abandoned US20120318474A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI20096291 2009-12-04
FI20096291A FI20096291A0 (en) 2009-12-04 2009-12-04 Ground loop low-energy system
PCT/FI2010/050736 WO2011067457A1 (en) 2009-12-04 2010-09-23 Ground circuit in a low-energy system

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/FI2010/050736 A-371-Of-International WO2011067457A1 (en) 2009-12-04 2010-09-23 Ground circuit in a low-energy system

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US15/187,171 Division US10113772B2 (en) 2009-12-04 2016-06-20 Ground circuit in a low-energy system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20120318474A1 true US20120318474A1 (en) 2012-12-20

Family

ID=41462757

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13/513,597 Abandoned US20120318474A1 (en) 2009-12-04 2010-09-23 Ground circuit in a low-energy system
US15/187,171 Active 2030-11-21 US10113772B2 (en) 2009-12-04 2016-06-20 Ground circuit in a low-energy system

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US15/187,171 Active 2030-11-21 US10113772B2 (en) 2009-12-04 2016-06-20 Ground circuit in a low-energy system

Country Status (9)

Country Link
US (2) US20120318474A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2507565B1 (en)
JP (1) JP5913119B2 (en)
CN (1) CN102695928B (en)
CA (1) CA2782771C (en)
DK (1) DK2507565T3 (en)
FI (1) FI20096291A0 (en)
RU (1) RU2561840C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2011067457A1 (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20150276325A1 (en) * 2012-11-01 2015-10-01 Skanska Sverige Ab Energy storage
US9518787B2 (en) 2012-11-01 2016-12-13 Skanska Svergie Ab Thermal energy storage system comprising a combined heating and cooling machine and a method for using the thermal energy storage system
US9702574B2 (en) 2013-05-09 2017-07-11 Steven B. Haupt Ground water air conditioning systems and associated methods
US9823026B2 (en) 2012-11-01 2017-11-21 Skanska Sverige Ab Thermal energy storage with an expansion space
CN107702363A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-02-16 洛阳文森科技有限公司 Multi-split-body type underground heat preserving water tank

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FI20096291A0 (en) 2009-12-04 2009-12-04 Mateve Oy Ground loop low-energy system
US9909783B2 (en) * 2010-02-23 2018-03-06 Robert Jensen Twisted conduit for geothermal heat exchange
JP2014081136A (en) * 2012-10-16 2014-05-08 Nipre Co Ltd Air conditioner, and air-conditioning method
ES1078916Y (en) * 2013-02-05 2013-06-28 Gregorio Jose Salido geothermal heat exchange tube by movement of water
FI126014B (en) 2014-03-04 2016-05-31 Uponor Infra Oy The low temperature heat exchanger
JP6273053B1 (en) * 2017-01-17 2018-01-31 租 池田 Tonetsu pipe mechanism and a method for manufacturing the same, and air conditioning system

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1091369A (en) * 1911-03-08 1914-03-24 Paolo Mejani Feed-water heater.
US2650800A (en) * 1950-04-10 1953-09-01 Halsey W Taylor Company Water cooler
US4372372A (en) * 1981-01-26 1983-02-08 Raymond Hunter Shower bath economizer
US4464909A (en) * 1983-03-21 1984-08-14 Skandinavisk Installationssamordning Ab (Sisam Ab) Method of recovering thermal energy by heat pump from sea water and comparable water masses
US6604376B1 (en) * 1999-01-08 2003-08-12 Victor M. Demarco Heat pump using treated water effluent
US6736191B1 (en) * 2001-10-09 2004-05-18 Power Engineering Contractors, Inc. Heat exchanger having longitudinal structure and mounting for placement in seawater under piers for heating and cooling of buildings
US20050103484A1 (en) * 2001-12-25 2005-05-19 Haruhiko Komatsu Heat exchanger

Family Cites Families (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB251024A (en) 1925-01-24 1926-04-26 George William Daniels Improvements in and connected with refrigerators or coolers used in refrigerating plants
DE2801780A1 (en) 1978-01-17 1979-07-19 Wacker Chemie Gmbh A process for the manufacture of acyloxysilanes and, optionally, acyloxysiloxanen
US4289197A (en) 1979-03-12 1981-09-15 Mcnamara Thomas J Heat exchanger
DE2929810A1 (en) * 1979-07-23 1981-02-19 Fuchs Means for recovering heat from exhaust gas and waermetauschelement here for
SE428154C (en) 1981-09-16 1984-09-13 Skandinavisk Installationssamo Method for extracting vermeenergi the seawater
US4516629A (en) * 1982-04-06 1985-05-14 Thermal Concepts, Inc. Earth-type heat exchanger for heat pump system
US4570452A (en) * 1982-09-22 1986-02-18 Thermal Concepts, Inc. Earth-type heat exchanger for heat pump systems
JPS62102086A (en) * 1985-10-28 1987-05-12 Nippon Denso Co Ltd Water-cooled heat exchanger for refrigerating cycle
DE3739689A1 (en) 1987-11-24 1989-06-08 Guenther Fischer Helically coiled evaporator
US4825664A (en) * 1988-03-21 1989-05-02 Kool-Fire Limited High efficiency heat exchanger
DE3913429A1 (en) * 1988-05-19 1989-11-23 Naegelebau Ges M B H & Co Earth collector for obtaining geothermal energy and for heat accumulation in the earth, and method for erecting an earth collector
SU1702121A1 (en) * 1989-11-20 1991-12-30 Научно-проектно-техническое объединение "Белстройнаука" Ground heat exchanger
US5329992A (en) * 1993-02-16 1994-07-19 Tripp Benjamin A Prefabricated ground coil assembly
JPH07127924A (en) * 1993-11-08 1995-05-19 Daishiyuu Kensetsu:Kk Air-conditioning method by use of underground heat
JP2835286B2 (en) * 1994-08-11 1998-12-14 昇 丸山 Heat exchanger coil assembly and a complex thereof
JP3375474B2 (en) * 1995-11-10 2003-02-10 地熱技術開発株式会社 The heat pump air conditioning system utilizing underground convection layer
US5746270A (en) * 1996-01-30 1998-05-05 Brunswick Corporation Heat exchanger for marine engine cooling system
JPH1183240A (en) 1997-09-17 1999-03-26 Honda Motor Co Ltd Heat exchanger for absorption type air conditioner
JP2003307368A (en) * 2002-04-16 2003-10-31 Misawa Kankyo Gijutsu Kk Installation method for underwater heat using heat source equipment
JP2005021426A (en) * 2003-07-03 2005-01-27 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Bathroom sauna apparatus
AT7510U1 (en) * 2004-04-26 2005-04-25 Armin Ing Amann geothermal probe
WO2006105605A1 (en) * 2005-04-07 2006-10-12 Baker, Alan, Paul Improvements in control of heat exchangers
DE102005053364B4 (en) 2005-11-07 2007-07-05 Gunter Behlendorf Geothermal heat exchanger arrangement and from geothermal exchangers
DE202006019801U1 (en) * 2005-11-07 2007-04-19 Behlendorf, Gunter Ground heat exchanger for ground heat producing arrangement, has tube-like line composed of plastically deformable material, which allows displacement of distance of helical coils in axial direction from each other
JP4594956B2 (en) * 2006-04-28 2010-12-08 株式会社ジャスト東海 Buried structure of the underground heat exchanger
CN2913966Y (en) * 2006-05-11 2007-06-20 龚智勇 Heat pipe geothermal gathering device
WO2008113604A1 (en) * 2007-03-21 2008-09-25 Frank & Krah Wickelrohr Gmbh Tubular hollow profile and the use thereof
DE102008013013A1 (en) * 2007-03-21 2008-11-20 Frank & Krah Wickelrohr Gmbh Tubular profile for the production of pipes and hollow bodies is fitted with an external heat exchange spiral for extracting heat from heat sinks and water flows
RU73718U1 (en) * 2007-07-12 2008-05-27 Закрытое акционерное общество Инновационная фирма "МАГМА" The device for power supply facilities using low-potential energy
JP2009103367A (en) 2007-10-23 2009-05-14 Daiwa House Ind Co Ltd Structure for heat exchange with underground
DE102007061177A1 (en) * 2007-12-17 2009-06-25 Frank & Krah Wickelrohr Gmbh Tubular profile for the production of pipes and hollow bodies is fitted with an external heat exchange spiral for extracting heat from heat sinks and water flows
FI20096291A0 (en) 2009-12-04 2009-12-04 Mateve Oy Ground loop low-energy system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1091369A (en) * 1911-03-08 1914-03-24 Paolo Mejani Feed-water heater.
US2650800A (en) * 1950-04-10 1953-09-01 Halsey W Taylor Company Water cooler
US4372372A (en) * 1981-01-26 1983-02-08 Raymond Hunter Shower bath economizer
US4464909A (en) * 1983-03-21 1984-08-14 Skandinavisk Installationssamordning Ab (Sisam Ab) Method of recovering thermal energy by heat pump from sea water and comparable water masses
US6604376B1 (en) * 1999-01-08 2003-08-12 Victor M. Demarco Heat pump using treated water effluent
US6736191B1 (en) * 2001-10-09 2004-05-18 Power Engineering Contractors, Inc. Heat exchanger having longitudinal structure and mounting for placement in seawater under piers for heating and cooling of buildings
US20050103484A1 (en) * 2001-12-25 2005-05-19 Haruhiko Komatsu Heat exchanger

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20150276325A1 (en) * 2012-11-01 2015-10-01 Skanska Sverige Ab Energy storage
US9518787B2 (en) 2012-11-01 2016-12-13 Skanska Svergie Ab Thermal energy storage system comprising a combined heating and cooling machine and a method for using the thermal energy storage system
US9657998B2 (en) 2012-11-01 2017-05-23 Skanska Sverige Ab Method for operating an arrangement for storing thermal energy
US9791217B2 (en) * 2012-11-01 2017-10-17 Skanska Sverige Ab Energy storage arrangement having tunnels configured as an inner helix and as an outer helix
US9823026B2 (en) 2012-11-01 2017-11-21 Skanska Sverige Ab Thermal energy storage with an expansion space
US9702574B2 (en) 2013-05-09 2017-07-11 Steven B. Haupt Ground water air conditioning systems and associated methods
CN107702363A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-02-16 洛阳文森科技有限公司 Multi-split-body type underground heat preserving water tank

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA2782771C (en) 2017-11-28
DK2507565T3 (en) 2018-02-05
FI20096291A0 (en) 2009-12-04
JP2013513081A (en) 2013-04-18
US10113772B2 (en) 2018-10-30
FI20096291D0 (en)
CN102695928A (en) 2012-09-26
CA2782771A1 (en) 2011-06-09
EP2507565A1 (en) 2012-10-10
RU2012127167A (en) 2014-01-10
EP2507565B1 (en) 2017-11-29
RU2561840C2 (en) 2015-09-10
US20160290681A1 (en) 2016-10-06
CN102695928B (en) 2014-09-17
WO2011067457A1 (en) 2011-06-09
EP2507565A4 (en) 2015-03-04
JP5913119B2 (en) 2016-04-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5533356A (en) In-ground conduit system for geothermal applications
US4257239A (en) Earth coil heating and cooling system
Self et al. Geothermal heat pump systems: Status review and comparison with other heating options
US20040159110A1 (en) Heat exchange apparatus, system, and methods regarding same
AU683244B2 (en) Ground source heat pump system comprising modular subterranean heat exchange units with multiple parallel secondary conduits
US8047905B2 (en) Method, arrangement and apparatus for facilitating environmental climate control of a building structure
US4776169A (en) Geothermal energy recovery apparatus
US8567482B2 (en) Heat tube device utilizing cold energy and application thereof
US20090308566A1 (en) System for collecting and delivering solar and geothermal heat energy with thermoelectric generator
CA2061144C (en) System for efficiently exchanging heat or cooling ground water in a deep well
US6400896B1 (en) Phase change material heat exchanger with heat energy transfer elements extending through the phase change material
US5339890A (en) Ground source heat pump system comprising modular subterranean heat exchange units with concentric conduits
AU2009258086B2 (en) System and method of capturing geothermal heat from within a drilled well to generate electricity
US5272879A (en) Multi-system power generator
US5322115A (en) Installation for energy exchange between the ground and an energy exchanger
US7343753B2 (en) Coaxial-flow heat transfer system employing a coaxial-flow heat transfer structure having a helically-arranged fin structure disposed along an outer flow channel for constantly rotating an aqueous-based heat transfer fluid flowing therewithin so as to improve heat transfer with geological environments
US7059131B2 (en) Method and system for exchanging earth energy between earthly bodies and an energy exchanger, especially to produce an electric current
US9360236B2 (en) Thermal energy system and method of operation
EP0939879B1 (en) A plant for exploiting geothermal energy
US7234314B1 (en) Geothermal heating and cooling system with solar heating
US6615601B1 (en) Sealed well direct expansion heating and cooling system
US20120255706A1 (en) Heat Exchange Using Underground Water System
US4577679A (en) Storage systems for heat or cold including aquifers
US4516629A (en) Earth-type heat exchanger for heat pump system
WO2004027333A2 (en) Insulated sub-surface liquid line direct expansion heat exchange unit with liquid trap