US20090000212A1 - Fire Components - Google Patents

Fire Components Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20090000212A1
US20090000212A1 US11/911,012 US91101206A US2009000212A1 US 20090000212 A1 US20090000212 A1 US 20090000212A1 US 91101206 A US91101206 A US 91101206A US 2009000212 A1 US2009000212 A1 US 2009000212A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
high density
surround
fire
fascia
relatively high
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/911,012
Inventor
Jonathon Lars Kennedy
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Acquisitions Fireplaces Ltd
Original Assignee
Acquisitions Fireplaces Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB0605701.2 priority Critical
Priority to GB0605701A priority patent/GB2429186B/en
Application filed by Acquisitions Fireplaces Ltd filed Critical Acquisitions Fireplaces Ltd
Priority to PCT/GB2006/004234 priority patent/WO2007107686A1/en
Assigned to ACQUISITIONS (FIREPLACES) LIMITED reassignment ACQUISITIONS (FIREPLACES) LIMITED ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: KENNEDY, JONATHAN LARS
Publication of US20090000212A1 publication Critical patent/US20090000212A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/04Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B3/00Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form
    • B32B3/10Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by a discontinuous layer, i.e. formed of separate pieces of material
    • B32B3/12Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by a discontinuous layer, i.e. formed of separate pieces of material characterised by a layer of regularly- arranged cells, e.g. a honeycomb structure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/14Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by the properties of the layers
    • B32B37/146Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by the properties of the layers whereby one or more of the layers is a honeycomb structure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/04Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B9/041Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of metal
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/191Component parts; Accessories
    • F24B1/198Surrounds-fronts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C15/00Details
    • F24C15/06Ornamental features, e.g. grate fronts or surrounds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/306Resistant to heat
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/70Other properties
    • B32B2307/718Weight, e.g. weight per square meter
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2311/00Metals, their alloys or their compounds
    • B32B2311/24Aluminium
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2318/00Mineral based
    • B32B2318/04Stone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2607/00Walls, panels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/12Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by using adhesives
    • B32B37/1284Application of adhesive

Abstract

A surround for a fire comprises a body fabricated at least in part from a relatively low density material to which is secured a relatively high density fascia material.

Description

  • The present invention relates to a component for a fire, for example a surround and particularly, although not exclusively, to a surround for a fire, as well as a back panel, hearth and the like.
  • Gas fires are well known for use in the home. One particular type of gas fire which is of increasing popularity is the flueless, flame effect gas fire.
  • These fires are attractive because they do not have a flue and so can be relatively shallow. Examples of such fires are sold under the trademarks Burley Elan 4111, Plasma Platinum and others.
  • Because of their size, and the fact that a chimney is not required, it is possible to install these fires in an elevated condition, for example mounted to a wall.
  • Modern internal walls used in many houses are fabricated from plasterboard which is skimmed with plaster. Clearly the weight-bearing characteristics of such walls is less than that of a cavity or solid wall.
  • It is usual to provide a surround around a gas fire for the purposes of aesthetics. In many cases it is desirous to have a stone surround. Conventional stone surrounds are heavy due to the density of stone.
  • It will be appreciated that there is a limit to the weight which can be borne by a dry lined or timber framed construction wall. Alternatively, a large number of fixings and/or reinforcements can be used to spread the load. The price of failure of a fixing when a fire is installed, for example, in an elevated position, may be catastrophic both in terms of damage to property and personal injury.
  • Moreover, heavy surrounds are cumbersome. Manufacture, transport and installation such heavy surrounds may be problematic. For example, maneuvering such items at all stages of the supply chain can be difficult and installation may require large labour costs, especially when installing at an elevated location.
  • It is an object of the present invention to provide a solution to, or at least partially mitigate, one or more of the above-identified problems. Additionally or alternatively, it is an object of the invention to provide a new surround which is attractive and/or which satisfies contemporary design issues and/or which has a flexibility of use.
  • Accordingly, a first aspect of the invention provides a fire surround, the surround comprising a body fabricated from a light weight material to which is secured a fascia material.
  • Preferably the fascia material is a natural material which may be selected from ceramics, stone, minerals or metal. The stone is preferably selected from limestone, marble, granite, slate and so on.
  • Typically, the fascia may be 2-35 mm thick, say 2 to 20 mm and preferably 4 to 10 mm, e.g. 5 mm thick.
  • Preferably the light weight material is porous. In this specification the term ‘light weight’ refers to a material having a density less than that of the fascia material. For example, if the fascia material say, stone, (e.g. granite having a density of 2600 kg m−3), the light weight material will have a lower density, preferably over 50% less than that of the fascia, (e.g. a density of less than 1300 kg m−3), and most preferably significantly less than 50% of the density of the fascia material.
  • The porous material may comprise an aluminium honeycomb material, preferably provided with an array of regular or irregular cells of which at least some may be interconnected to provide fluid communication therebetween.
  • Preferably a core comprising cells has a facing bonded to a surface thereof. The core may be a flat structure with a facing bonded or otherwise secured to one or both major surfaces to form a panel.
  • Preferably the fascia material is bonded to the light weight, e.g. porous material, for example, bonded to a facing of a core of a porous material.
  • In all cases, it is preferred that the component, especially when used as a surround for a fire, will have a total weight of less than 40 kg, preferable less than 30 kg and preferably less than 25 kg when provided as an article in the form of a picture frame having external dimensions 1002×642 mm with a depth of 76 mm and an aperture of 538×286 mm. The low weight will ensure that the article can be elevated, preferably with ease, by two people.
  • Preferably, the light weight material, e.g. the aluminium honeycomb panel, will be from 8 to 30 mm thick, preferably 10 to 20 mm thick and most preferably 11 to 18, say 15 mm thick.
  • In order that the invention may be more fully understood, it will now be described by way of example only and with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a surround according to the invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the rear of a surround according to the invention.
  • FIG. 3A is an elevation of the surround of FIG. 2;
  • FIG. 3B is a view along line A-A of FIG. 3A;
  • FIG. 4 is an exploded view of a section through a surround according to the invention; and
  • FIG. 5 is a perspective view indicating temperatures during operation.
  • Turning to FIG. 1 there is shown a flueless gas effect fire FF which is provided with a surround 1 made in accordance with the invention. As can be seen, the fire FF is mounted on a wall W in an elevated position. The wall W may be, for example, a solid cavity, dry lined or timber frame construction wall.
  • Turning to FIGS. 2, 3A and 3B the surround 1 provides a frame 2, having a front 21 and sides 22, which defines an aperture 3 to accept, a fire FF. The surround 1 includes a body 4 of an aluminium honeycomb material 4 to which is bonded, on all exposed surfaces which are visible when installed, a stone fascia 5. Support blocks 6 are provided to improve the rigidity of the frame 2.
  • FIG. 4 shows an exploded and exaggerated view of a section through a surround 1 wherein the fascia 5 and honeycomb structure 4 are shown.
  • The honeycomb structure 4 comprises a panel 40 formed of a pair of aluminium facings 41 bonded to core 42 comprising a plurality of cells 43. It will be appreciated that in the specific example shown the principal axis of the cells 43 is orthogonal to the principal axis of each facing 41. The panel 40 will typically be 15 mm thick although other thicknesses may be used.
  • For ease of packing, the cells 43 will typically have a hexagonal cross section.
  • The physical data of a panel 40 fabricated from 3003 commercial grade aluminium is as follows:
  • TABLE 1
    Physical parameters of panel.
    Cell Size/ Compressivea
    mm Strength/kg m−2 Density/kg m−3 Gauge/mmb
    6.4 435903 83.3 0.08
    9.5 228497 57.7 0.08
    12.7 116006 40.0 0.08
    19.1 77337 28.8 0.08
    25.4 52730 19.2 0.08
    ain the axial direction of the cells.
    bthe gauge of the aluminium used in construction of all parts.
  • To form a panel 40, a two-part epoxy resin is used to bond the facings 41 to the core 42. Typically the adhesive is pre-mixed and sprayed onto a surface of the facing 41 using a computer controlled spray booth. The facing 41 is brought into intimate contact with the core 42 and the adhesive wicks onto the walls of the cells 43. The panel 40 is then passed to a roller table to press to effect compression of the panel 40. The rollers or press may be heated to aid in the cure of the adhesive.
  • The panel 40 may be formed with rebates or recesses for the reception of wiring, tubing or ancillary fixings to provide, for example, concealed connection points, if required. The wiring, tubing or ancillary fixings may be incorporated during manufacture of the panel 40 or may be located in the panel 40 subsequent to manufacture.
  • The panel 40 may then be cut to size to provide a substrate from which the frame 2 can be constructed. The sides will typically be adhered to the front using a similar two part epoxy adhesive.
  • At this point, the support blocks 6 are joined to the frame to help rigidify the structure.
  • The fascia material 5 is then bonded to the facing 41 to cover all surfaces which are exposed in use. The adhesive is selected so that it will not degrade at the temperatures experienced during use and will not fail when exposed to thermal cycling regimes during use.
  • As an alternative, a panel 40, formed as above, is bonded to either side of a sheet of fascia material, for example 10-12 mm thick stone. The stone can then be cut (e.g. sawed) in a direction orthogonal to the principal axis to provide two panels each comprising a honeycomb panel 40 and a stone fascia 5, e.g. the stone having a thickness of 5 to 6 mm. The fascia material will then be applied to the sides and around the central aperture 3.
  • Whilst this does introduce a further cutting stage it also reduces the likelihood of damage occurring to the relatively thin stone material before it is adhered to the panel 40.
  • In either or both cases stone may then be finished, e.g. polished, honed, decorated or painted, as appropriate.
  • A typical surround, as shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B may be, say 1002×642 mm with a depth of 76 mm and an aperture 3 of 538×286 mm. Other sizes may be used.
  • For a surround 1 having a 15 mm thick body 4 of 3003 aluminium honeycomb panels 40 and a form as shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B, it has been found that when a 5 mm thick fascia of granite is used, a surround 1 has a total weight of 19.4 kg m−2, compared to 60 kg m−2 for an equivalent surround fabricated from granite.
  • Clearly, this represents a significant weight saving which will reduce shipping and installation costs, it may reduce material costs and the amount of natural materials which are used. It will also reduce the likelihood of damage to the surround 1 during transit.
  • Moreover because of the reduction in weight, the surround 1 can be installed using fewer or lower duty fixings, fewer man hours and the risk of a catastrophic failure is correspondingly reduced.
  • Other honeycomb materials which may be used include fibreglass, Kevlar, reinforced or unreinforced plastics and so on.
  • The porous material need not be aluminium and/or a honeycomb structure. For example, porous ceramics can be used. It is known that porous ceramics can have very low theoretical densities whilst maintaining structural strength.
  • A porous ceramic material may be provided as a monolithic block or as several components joined together.
  • Other low mass weight saving materials may be used, for example, pumice. In most cases it will be preferably that the volume of free-space (e.g. air) in the body is significant (e.g. a major contributor) so that the overall mass is low.
  • Means other than adhesives may be used to secure the body to the fascia, for example mechanical fixings, friction fits or snap fit arrangements.
  • It will be appreciated that when adhesives are used they are chosen to effect a good adhesion between the components over the entire temperature range of operation.
  • As will be seen in FIG. 5, the surface temperature of the surround 1 is significantly less than the surface temperature of the glass of the fire FF. This shows that, even though there is much less mass of stone to absorb convected and/or conducted heat than would be the case with a solid surround, the temperature at the surface does not exceed 57° C. and, in most locations the surround 1 may be touched without risk of burning.
  • It will also be appreciated that should the fascia and body have widely different coefficients of thermal expansion the means used to secure the two components together (e.g. the adhesive) must be capable of withstanding the stresses exerted thereon during use of the component which will, in use with a fire, be subjected to thermal cycling regimes (e.g. when the fire is in use and switched off). A two-part epoxy resin has been found to be suitable in this regard.
  • In some cases mechanical fixings as well as, or in place of, adhesives may be used.
  • The support blocks 6 may be replaced by aluminium brackets which may be screwed or riveted in place.
  • An article made in accordance with the invention could be fabricated to provide a hearth or back panel for a fire. It could also be used to provide low weight picture frames or panels, e.g. fascia panels with a stone effect finish which would have the look and feel of solid stone but not the weight.
  • The component could be used with electric fires, solid fuel fires, stoves, ovens and so on as well as Class 1 and Class 2 gas fires, all of which are to be considered ‘fires’ for the purposes of this invention.
  • In this specification the term ‘panel’ is intended to mean an article which is self-supporting, that is an article which may bend but which can support its own weight when supported on an edge.

Claims (26)

1-45. (canceled)
46. A fire surround comprising a body fabricated at least in part from a relatively low density aluminium structure to which is secured by securing means a relatively high density fascia material, the fascia material comprising a 4-20 mm thick ceramic or stone material, wherein the securing means is arranged to withstand the stresses exerted thereon, in use, when subjected to thermal cycling regimes, the body providing a picture frame to define an aperture for a fire.
47. A surround according to claim 46, wherein the body comprises a core which comprises cells and to a surface of which an aluminium facing is secured.
48. A surround according to claim 47, wherein the fascia is secured to the facing of the body.
49. A surround according to claim 47, wherein the core is a flat structure with the facing bonded or otherwise secured to one or both major surfaces to form a panel.
50. A surround according to claim 46, wherein the fascia material is a natural material.
51. A surround according to claim 50, wherein the natural material is selected from limestone, marble, granite or slate.
52. A surround according to claim 46, wherein the fascia is from 4 to 10 mm thick.
53. A surround according to claim 46, wherein the low density material is porous.
54. A surround according to claim 46, wherein the body is fabricated, at least in part, from an aluminium honeycomb material.
55. A surround according to claim 46, wherein the body is fabricated, at least in part from a material comprising an array of regular and/or irregular cells.
56. A surround according to claim 55, wherein at least some of the cells are interconnected to provide fluid communication therebetween.
57. A surround according to claim 46, wherein the relatively low density material may comprise wiring, tubing or ancillary fixings.
58. A surround according to claim 46, wherein the fascia material is bonded to the body by an adhesive which remains thermally stable in use.
59. A method of forming a fire surround, the method comprising providing a relatively low density aluminium structure and a relatively high density ceramic or stone material, securing the relatively low density material to a first major surface of the relatively high density material and subsequently cutting the high density material to a thickness of 4-20 mm in a direction parallel to the first major surface to form a member, wherein the means used to secure the low density material to the high density material is capable of withstanding the stresses exerted thereon, in use, when subjected to thermal cycling regimes and joining the member to other members to form a picture frame to define an aperture for a fire.
60. A method according to claim 59 further comprising securing a facing to the core and securing the facing to the first major surface of the relatively high density material.
61. A method according to claim 59, wherein said cutting comprises sawing the relatively high density material.
62. A method according to claim 59 comprising the step of subsequently finishing the cut surface of the high density material.
63. A method according to claim 62, wherein said finishing comprises polishing, honing or painting.
64. A method of forming two fire surround panels, the method comprising providing first and second relatively low density aluminium structures and a relatively high density ceramic or stone material, securing the first relatively low density material to a first major surface of the relatively high density material and securing the second relatively low density material to a second major surface of the relatively high density material and subsequently cutting the high density material to form two members, each having a high density material of thickness 4-20 mm, wherein the means used to secure the low density materials to the high density material is capable of withstanding the stresses exerted thereon, in use, when subjected to thermal cycling regimes, and joining the or one of the members to other members to form a picture frame to define an aperture for a fire.
65. A method according to claim 64 further comprising securing a facing to the core and securing the facing to the first major surface of the relatively high density material.
66. A method according to claim 64, wherein said cutting comprises sawing the relatively high density material.
67. A method according to claim 64 comprising the step of subsequently finishing the cut surface of the high density material.
68. A method according to claim 67, wherein said finishing comprises polishing, honing or painting.
69. A fire comprising a surround having a body fabricated at least in part from a relatively low density aluminium structure to which is secured by securing means a relatively high density fascia material, the fascia material comprising a 4-20 mm thick ceramic or stone material, wherein the securing means is arranged to withstand the stresses exerted thereon, in use, when subjected to thermal cycling regimes, the body providing a picture frame to define an aperture for a fire.
70. A flueless fire comprising a surround having a body fabricated at least in part from a relatively low density aluminium structure to which is secured by securing means a relatively high density fascia material, the fascia material comprising a 4-20 mm thick ceramic or stone material, wherein the securing means is arranged to withstand the stresses exerted thereon, in use, when subjected to thermal cycling regimes, the body providing a picture frame to define an aperture for a fire.
US11/911,012 2006-03-22 2006-11-14 Fire Components Abandoned US20090000212A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0605701.2 2006-03-22
GB0605701A GB2429186B (en) 2006-03-22 2006-03-22 Fire surrounds
PCT/GB2006/004234 WO2007107686A1 (en) 2006-03-22 2006-11-14 Layered panel for use as fire surround

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20090000212A1 true US20090000212A1 (en) 2009-01-01

Family

ID=36383924

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/911,012 Abandoned US20090000212A1 (en) 2006-03-22 2006-11-14 Fire Components

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US20090000212A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1996868A1 (en)
CN (1) CN101356406A (en)
AU (1) AU2006340624A1 (en)
CA (1) CA2643576A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2429186B (en)
WO (1) WO2007107686A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10796339B2 (en) 2015-09-24 2020-10-06 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Detecting expired content within slots in a user interface

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102005051557A1 (en) * 2005-10-26 2007-05-03 Planolith Gmbh Messtechnik-Sondermaschinenbau Composite body based on natural and / or artificial stone and ceramic
US9414908B2 (en) 2011-04-18 2016-08-16 Parrot Drones Liquid formulation for ophtalmic devices
AT514047A1 (en) * 2013-03-12 2014-09-15 Karl Stefan Riener Visual element for the coverage of functional parts of a heater as well as heating device equipped therewith

Citations (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US485079A (en) * 1892-10-25 Gas-log fireplace
US2703567A (en) * 1953-08-17 1955-03-08 John A Manchester Fireplace stove
US3277882A (en) * 1964-03-06 1966-10-11 Dyna Mfg Co Combination fireplace and heater
US3723233A (en) * 1971-07-15 1973-03-27 P Bourke Marble faced wall panels and method of making same
US3784395A (en) * 1968-10-18 1974-01-08 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Process for coating particulate adhesive
US3950202A (en) * 1973-06-11 1976-04-13 Hodges William E Method of making a composite natural stone veneer product
US4600619A (en) * 1984-12-31 1986-07-15 The Boeing Company Continuously wound filament structure for use in noise attenuation element
US4822661A (en) * 1987-07-20 1989-04-18 Battaglia Gino C Lightweight stone furniture
US4973508A (en) * 1988-05-15 1990-11-27 Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm Gmbh Method of producing a structural panel and panel produced by the method
US5004512A (en) * 1989-08-21 1991-04-02 Frank Fodera Method of making a stone veneer panel
US5131378A (en) * 1988-06-01 1992-07-21 Tecnomaiera S.R.L. Method for the production of reinforced panels from a block of building material, such as stone
US5280689A (en) * 1990-11-14 1994-01-25 Mill Peter A D Composite cladding panel
US5794610A (en) * 1996-12-04 1998-08-18 Facchina; Joan E. Free standing fireplace
US5876831A (en) * 1997-05-13 1999-03-02 Lockheed Martin Corporation High thermal conductivity plugs for structural panels
US5960789A (en) * 1996-09-26 1999-10-05 Superior Fireplace Company Flammable fluid heating apparatus
US6076329A (en) * 1998-08-24 2000-06-20 Thomson; Brian K. Decorative mirror frames
US6374822B1 (en) * 1999-07-16 2002-04-23 Hon Technology Inc. Framed fireplace and method
US20020056447A1 (en) * 1997-07-07 2002-05-16 Giuseppe Fogliani Method of reducing co and nox emissions in a heating appliance and a respective appliance
US6488024B2 (en) * 1999-03-23 2002-12-03 Mark Champion Wood heater
US6848441B2 (en) * 2002-07-19 2005-02-01 Hon Technology Inc. Apparatus and method for cooling a surface of a fireplace
US20050050805A1 (en) * 2003-09-04 2005-03-10 Lyons David Charles Fireplace surround
US20050050806A1 (en) * 2003-09-04 2005-03-10 Lyons David Charles Fireplace surround
US6869278B2 (en) * 2003-05-22 2005-03-22 Hon Technology Inc. Outdoor gas fireplace
US6880275B2 (en) * 2001-05-16 2005-04-19 Hon Technology Inc. Lenticular fireplace
US6932081B2 (en) * 2000-06-02 2005-08-23 Paul Agnew Fire surround
US7096629B1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2006-08-29 Francis Cox Exterior wall cladding system for panels of thin reinforced natural stone
US20060230656A1 (en) * 1999-09-07 2006-10-19 Philipp Spengler Artificial portable fireplace
US20060242870A1 (en) * 2005-02-08 2006-11-02 Travis Industries, Inc. Flame assembly for fireplace
US20080092463A1 (en) * 2006-10-19 2008-04-24 Poirier Peter P Glazing assembly for rough openings
US20080216366A1 (en) * 2005-06-02 2008-09-11 PURTON Arthur Simulated Fireplace
US7470729B2 (en) * 2001-02-08 2008-12-30 Hni Technologies Inc. Compression molded inorganic fiber articles, and methods and compositions used in molding same
GB2465616A (en) * 2008-11-20 2010-06-02 Be Modern Ltd Stone fire surround fascia with stone reinforcing elements
US7806345B2 (en) * 2004-12-27 2010-10-05 Rinnai Corporation In-wall heater

Family Cites Families (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191123537A (en) * 1910-10-03 1912-08-08 John Thomas Johnson Improvements in Tile Ashguards, Curbs or Fenders for Fireplaces.
GB397616A (en) * 1932-05-09 1933-08-31 Timothy Shepherd Improvements in and relating to tiled curbs, tiled fireplaces, and tiled slabbed hearths
FR1344299A (en) * 1962-08-30 1963-11-29 Device improving the use of radiant heat
GB1215501A (en) * 1967-01-19 1970-12-09 Right Honourable Terence Patri Improvements in marble-faced composite surface elements
GB2214634B (en) * 1988-01-21 1992-01-02 Galleon Claygate Limited Fireplace surrounds and hearths
US5208086A (en) * 1988-04-05 1993-05-04 Owens Charles R Laminated tile product, method for producing the same and method for installing the same
JPH01259943A (en) * 1988-04-12 1989-10-17 Ibiden Co Ltd Laminated layer composite material of natural stone plate and wooden panel
GB8910357D0 (en) * 1989-05-05 1989-06-21 Be Modern Ltd Hearth
FR2659131A1 (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-09-06 Gallier Michel Fireplace surround device which can be adjusted to the dimensions of the hearth
JPH06229099A (en) * 1992-12-09 1994-08-16 N S P:Kk Natural stone panel
DE19717038A1 (en) * 1997-04-23 1998-10-29 Maier & Co Decorative panel for accumulating heat for tiled and chimney stoves
EP1080669A3 (en) * 1999-09-06 2002-12-11 Thielmann Ag Kommanditgesellschaft Work surface arrangement
DE60008501T2 (en) * 1999-11-26 2004-08-05 Sanyo Chemical Industries, Ltd. HONEYCOMB CORE MATERIAL FOR COMPOSITE STRUCTURES AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF
DE10034632B4 (en) * 2000-07-17 2005-09-01 Karl Krüger GmbH & Co. KG Plate-shaped component using a natural stone plate
US6953037B2 (en) * 2003-04-11 2005-10-11 Travis Industries, Inc. Direct vent fireplace installation
GB2434772B (en) * 2006-02-03 2011-12-07 Valor Ltd Heating apparatus

Patent Citations (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US485079A (en) * 1892-10-25 Gas-log fireplace
US2703567A (en) * 1953-08-17 1955-03-08 John A Manchester Fireplace stove
US3277882A (en) * 1964-03-06 1966-10-11 Dyna Mfg Co Combination fireplace and heater
US3784395A (en) * 1968-10-18 1974-01-08 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Process for coating particulate adhesive
US3723233A (en) * 1971-07-15 1973-03-27 P Bourke Marble faced wall panels and method of making same
US3950202A (en) * 1973-06-11 1976-04-13 Hodges William E Method of making a composite natural stone veneer product
US4600619A (en) * 1984-12-31 1986-07-15 The Boeing Company Continuously wound filament structure for use in noise attenuation element
US4822661A (en) * 1987-07-20 1989-04-18 Battaglia Gino C Lightweight stone furniture
US4973508A (en) * 1988-05-15 1990-11-27 Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm Gmbh Method of producing a structural panel and panel produced by the method
US5131378A (en) * 1988-06-01 1992-07-21 Tecnomaiera S.R.L. Method for the production of reinforced panels from a block of building material, such as stone
US5004512A (en) * 1989-08-21 1991-04-02 Frank Fodera Method of making a stone veneer panel
US5280689A (en) * 1990-11-14 1994-01-25 Mill Peter A D Composite cladding panel
US5960789A (en) * 1996-09-26 1999-10-05 Superior Fireplace Company Flammable fluid heating apparatus
US5794610A (en) * 1996-12-04 1998-08-18 Facchina; Joan E. Free standing fireplace
US5876831A (en) * 1997-05-13 1999-03-02 Lockheed Martin Corporation High thermal conductivity plugs for structural panels
US6578570B2 (en) * 1997-07-07 2003-06-17 Worgas Bruciatori S.R.L. Method of reducing CO and NOx emissions in a heating appliance and a respective appliance
US20020056447A1 (en) * 1997-07-07 2002-05-16 Giuseppe Fogliani Method of reducing co and nox emissions in a heating appliance and a respective appliance
US6076329A (en) * 1998-08-24 2000-06-20 Thomson; Brian K. Decorative mirror frames
US6488024B2 (en) * 1999-03-23 2002-12-03 Mark Champion Wood heater
US6374822B1 (en) * 1999-07-16 2002-04-23 Hon Technology Inc. Framed fireplace and method
US6863064B2 (en) * 1999-07-16 2005-03-08 Hon Technology Inc. Framed fireplace and method
US20060230656A1 (en) * 1999-09-07 2006-10-19 Philipp Spengler Artificial portable fireplace
US6932081B2 (en) * 2000-06-02 2005-08-23 Paul Agnew Fire surround
US7470729B2 (en) * 2001-02-08 2008-12-30 Hni Technologies Inc. Compression molded inorganic fiber articles, and methods and compositions used in molding same
US6880275B2 (en) * 2001-05-16 2005-04-19 Hon Technology Inc. Lenticular fireplace
US7096629B1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2006-08-29 Francis Cox Exterior wall cladding system for panels of thin reinforced natural stone
US6848441B2 (en) * 2002-07-19 2005-02-01 Hon Technology Inc. Apparatus and method for cooling a surface of a fireplace
US6869278B2 (en) * 2003-05-22 2005-03-22 Hon Technology Inc. Outdoor gas fireplace
US20050050806A1 (en) * 2003-09-04 2005-03-10 Lyons David Charles Fireplace surround
US20050050805A1 (en) * 2003-09-04 2005-03-10 Lyons David Charles Fireplace surround
US7806345B2 (en) * 2004-12-27 2010-10-05 Rinnai Corporation In-wall heater
US20060242870A1 (en) * 2005-02-08 2006-11-02 Travis Industries, Inc. Flame assembly for fireplace
US20080216366A1 (en) * 2005-06-02 2008-09-11 PURTON Arthur Simulated Fireplace
US20080092463A1 (en) * 2006-10-19 2008-04-24 Poirier Peter P Glazing assembly for rough openings
GB2465616A (en) * 2008-11-20 2010-06-02 Be Modern Ltd Stone fire surround fascia with stone reinforcing elements

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10796339B2 (en) 2015-09-24 2020-10-06 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Detecting expired content within slots in a user interface

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1996868A1 (en) 2008-12-03
AU2006340624A1 (en) 2007-09-27
CA2643576A1 (en) 2007-09-27
GB2429186A (en) 2007-02-21
WO2007107686A1 (en) 2007-09-27
GB2429186B (en) 2008-06-11
GB0605701D0 (en) 2006-05-03
CN101356406A (en) 2009-01-28

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6698149B1 (en) Composite laminated building material, and methods of making and using same
US20090000212A1 (en) Fire Components
WO2006076238A3 (en) Multilayer reflective insulation roll product
WO2010072704A1 (en) A process for realising high-resistance slabs or tiles, destined for covering internal or external floors or walls
WO2008127207A3 (en) Building outer facade covering set
JP2011520022A (en) Improved method for producing a soundproofing material with optimized breaking properties
CN2931657Y (en) Easy installation compound structures ceramics brick
US10618256B2 (en) Porcelain laminate and procedure for manufacturing it
RU2644182C2 (en) Layer panel
JP2017193951A (en) Double structural material
CN201580029U (en) Aluminum vermiculite compound plate
JP2007126828A (en) Heat insulating panel, and exterior wall structure using it
EP1989043A2 (en) Composite structural panel and relative method of production
GB2434772A (en) Heat resistant laminates
CN112343292A (en) Foamed aluminium metal composite floor
CN209509388U (en) A kind of Plane Installation component for fixed building plate
CN105952090A (en) Dry-cladding composite insulating decorating wall panel and building wall dry-cladding insulating member
JP2007138443A (en) Plate-like material for wall, its manufacturing method, and exterior wall structure
CN208105731U (en) A kind of heat-insulation fireproof decorative composite board for outer wall
JP2005240331A (en) Thermal insulating panel
CN216641237U (en) PS mirror surface composite board
CN105971215B (en) A kind of novel metal decorative heat-preservation plate anti-deformation reinforcement structure
CN212317395U (en) Elastic connecting parting bead
KR200491815Y1 (en) Panel For Furniture
CN102094503A (en) High fire-proof heat insulation decorative integrated plate

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: ACQUISITIONS (FIREPLACES) LIMITED, UNITED KINGDOM

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KENNEDY, JONATHAN LARS;REEL/FRAME:020207/0363

Effective date: 20071028

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO PAY ISSUE FEE