US20080196344A1 - Fireproof board - Google Patents

Fireproof board Download PDF

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Publication number
US20080196344A1
US20080196344A1 US11/708,144 US70814407A US2008196344A1 US 20080196344 A1 US20080196344 A1 US 20080196344A1 US 70814407 A US70814407 A US 70814407A US 2008196344 A1 US2008196344 A1 US 2008196344A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
layer
fireproof
board
fibers
decoration
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/708,144
Inventor
Tsao Chang
Jiune-Jye Hwang
Jia-Huei Chen
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
INTERNATIONAL CARBIDE Tech CO Ltd
Original Assignee
INTERNATIONAL CARBIDE Tech CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by INTERNATIONAL CARBIDE Tech CO Ltd filed Critical INTERNATIONAL CARBIDE Tech CO Ltd
Priority to US11/708,144 priority Critical patent/US20080196344A1/en
Assigned to INTERNATIONAL CARBIDE TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD. reassignment INTERNATIONAL CARBIDE TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: CHANG, TSAO, CHEN, JIA-HUEI, HWANG, JIUNE-JYE
Publication of US20080196344A1 publication Critical patent/US20080196344A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/92Protection against other undesired influences or dangers
    • E04B1/94Protection against other undesired influences or dangers against fire
    • E04B1/941Building elements specially adapted therefor
    • E04B1/942Building elements specially adapted therefor slab-shaped
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/02Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by structural features of a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00

Abstract

A fireproof board includes a fireproof layer comprised a mixture of expandable graphite and fibers, and a decoration layer laminated on one side of the fireproof layer, and a substrate layer disposed to the other side of the fireproof layer. In case of a fire, the expandable graphite will expand rapidly and grow into vermicular intumescence, tangling with fibers to form a fire resistant layer can stop the flame spread and reduce the smoke development for achieving fireproof purpose to protect the objects covered over by the fireproof board.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • (a) Field of the Invention
  • The present invention is related to a fireproof board, and more particularly to a board that is capable of stopping the flame spread and smoke development for achieving fireproof purpose thus to protect the inflammable object, e.g., partition board, furniture, or cabinet covered over by the fireproof board.
  • (b) Description of the Prior Art
  • Use of constructional materials in board form has become so intimate with people today. The board is widely used as the face panel in the partitioning system, office furniture, office cabinets, interior furniture at home, etc.
  • The traditional board materials may be adhered to a building, used as a decorative partition pasted with wallpaper, or finished with a decorative face layer to be attached to apiece of furniture or cabinet. However, in case of a fire, the inflammable board caught fire inevitably, and the burning board not only fails to protect the object but also helps accelerate the fire extension, and to cause the loss of life and damage to properties in serious case.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The primary purpose of the present invention is to provide a fireproof board that stops the fire from extending and mitigates the diffusion of smokes for achieving fireproof purpose thus to protect the objects covered up by the fireproof board.
  • To achieve the purpose, the fireproof board of the present invention includes a fireproof layer comprised a combination of expandable graphite and fibers, and a decoration layer laminated on one side of the fireproof layer; and a substrate layer disposed to the other side of the fireproof layer so that in case of a fire, the expandable graphite will expand rapidly and grow into vermicular intumescence, tangling with fibers to form a fire resistant layer can stop the flame spread and reduce the smoke development for achieving fireproof purpose to protect the objects covered over by the fireproof board.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing a construction of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing the construction of the first preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing an operating status of the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing a construction of a second preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing the construction of the second preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing a construction of a third preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic view showing another operating status of the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, a first preferred embodiment of the present invention includes a fireproof layer 11 and a decoration layer 12. The fireproof layer 11 comprised a combination of expandable graphite 111 and fibers 112. The fibers 112, may be related to chemical fibers, paper fibers, natural fibers or mineral fibers, combined with expandable graphite punched in shape by using the process of non-woven fabric and then hot-compressed into a sheet or a roll of the fireproof layer 11. The decoration layer 12 is disposed to one side of the fireproof layer 11. An adhesive layer 13 is sandwiched by and binds the fireproof layer 11 and the decoration layer 12 to each other.
  • In practice, the fireproof board may be erected as a face panel on a partitioning board, office furniture, office cabinet, or interior furniture at home. As illustrated in FIG. 3, a fireproof board 1 of the present invention is used as a face panel on a partitioning board in a building with the decoration layer 12 facing outwardly. Of course, the decoration layer 12 may be provided with expression of different patterns or graphics to deliver attractive appearance. In case of a fire, the expandable graphite 111 will expand rapidly and grow into vermicular intumescence, tangling with fibers 112 to form a fire resistant layer can stop the flame spread and reduce the smoke development for achieving fireproof purpose to protect the partitioning board covered over by the fireproof board 1.
  • Now referring to FIGS. 4 and 5 showing a second preferred embodiment of the present invention, the fireproof board 1 further includes the fireproof 11, the decoration layer 12, and a substrate layer 14. Similarly, the fireproof layer 11 comprised a combination of expandable graphite 111 and fibers 112. The fibers 112, may be related to chemical fibers, paper fibers, natural fibers or mineral fibers, combined with expandable graphite punched in shape by using the process of non-woven fabric and then hot-compressed into a sheet or a roll of the fireproof layer 11. The fireproof layer 11 is disposed between the decoration layer 12 and the substrate layer 14; the decoration layer 12 is disposed to one side of the fireproof layer 11, and the substrate layer 14 is disposed to the other side of the fireproof layer 1 in relation to the decoration layer 12. The adhesive layer 13 is sandwiched by and binds the fireproof layer 11 and the decoration layer 12 to each other; and another adhesive layer 13 is sandwiched by and binds the fireproof layer 11 and the substrate layer 14 to each other. The substrate layer 14 may be related to a paper board, wooden board, plastic board, plastic film or a fabric.
  • As illustrated in FIG. 6 showing a third preferred embodiment of the present invention, a fireboard 1 further includes the fireproof layer 11, a flat layer 15, the decoration layer 12, and the substrate layer 14. Again, the fireproof layer 11 comprised a combination of expandable graphite 111 and fibers 112. The fibers 112, may be related to chemical fibers, paper fibers, natural fibers or mineral fibers, combined with expandable graphite punched in shape by using the process of non-woven fabric and then hot-compressed into a sheet or a roll of the fireproof layer 11. The fireproof layer 11 is disposed between the decoration layer 12 and the substrate layer 14; and the flat layer 15 is disposed between the decoration layer 12 and the fireproof layer 11. The flat layer 15 may be related to a piece of paper, paper board, plastic board, plastic film that is capable of making the surface flat. The fireproof layer 11, the flat layer 15, the decoration layer 12, and the substrate layer 14 are bound in position to one another with the adhesive layer 13 sandwiched between any two layers. The substrate layer 14 may be related to a paper board, wooden board, plastic board, plastic film, or fabric.
  • In practice, the fireproof board 1 may be made a face panel on a partitioning board in a building as illustrated in FIG. 3, or on a cabinet or counter at home as illustrated in FIG. 7. In either case, the decoration layer 12 faces outwardly. Of course, to achieve the purpose of having an attractive appearance, different patterns or graphics may be made on the decoration layer 12 as desired by the owner. Meanwhile the substrate layer 14 also provides support effects to the piece of furniture it is attached to. In case of a fire, the expandable graphite will expand rapidly and grow into vermicular intumescence, tangling with fibers to form a fire resistant layer can stop the flame spread and reduce the smoke development for achieving fireproof purpose to protect the partitioning board or cabinet or counter covered over by the fireproof board.
  • The prevent invention provides an improved structure of a fireproof board, and the application for a utility patent is duly filed accordingly. However, it is to be noted that the preferred embodiments disclosed in the specification and the accompanying drawings are not limiting the present invention; and that any construction, installation, or characteristics that is same or similar to that of the present invention should fall within the scope of the purposes and claims of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1. A fireproof board including a fireproof layer comprised a combination of expandable graphite and fibers, and a decoration layer disposed on one side of the fireproof layer.
2. The fireproof board as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fibers are selected from the group consisting of chemical fibers, paper fibers, natural fibers, and mineral fibers.
3. The fireproof board as claimed in claim 1, wherein an adhesive layer is provided between and bonds the fireproof layer and the decoration layer in position.
4. A fireproof board including a fireproof layer comprised a combination of expandable graphite and fibers, a decoration layer disposed on one side of the fireproof layer, and a substrate layer disposed on the other side of the fireproof layer.
5. The fireproof board as claimed in claim 4, wherein the fibers are selected from the group consisting of chemical fibers, paper fibers, natural fibers, and mineral fibers.
6. The fireproof board as claimed in claim 4, wherein two adhesive layers are respectively provided between the fireproof layer and the decoration layer as well as between the fireproof layer and the substrate layer to bond the fireproof layer, the decoration layer, and the substrate layer to one another in position.
7. The fireproof board as claimed in claim 4, wherein the substrate layer is selected from the group consisting of paperboard, wooden board, plastic board, plastic film, and fabric.
8. A fireproof board including a fireproof layer comprised a combination of expandable graphite and fibers, a flat layer disposed on one side of the fireproof layer, a substrate layer disposed on the other side of the fireproof layer in relation to the flat layer, and a decoration layer disposed on the other side of the flat layer in relation to the fireproof layer.
9. The fireproof board as claimed in claim 8, wherein the fibers are selected from the group consisting of chemical fibers, paper fibers, natural fibers, and mineral fibers.
10. The fireproof board as claimed in claim 8, wherein an adhesive layer is each disposed among the fireproof layer, the flat layer, the decoration layer, and the substrate layer to bond in position among the fireproof layer, the flat layer, the decoration layer, and the substrate layer.
11. The fireproof board as claimed in claim 8, wherein the substrate layer is selected from the group consisting of paper board, wooden board, plastic board, plastic film, and fabric.
12. The fireproof board as claimed in claim 8, wherein the flat layer is selected from the group consisting of the paper, paper board, plastic board, plastic film.
US11/708,144 2007-02-20 2007-02-20 Fireproof board Abandoned US20080196344A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/708,144 US20080196344A1 (en) 2007-02-20 2007-02-20 Fireproof board

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/708,144 US20080196344A1 (en) 2007-02-20 2007-02-20 Fireproof board

Publications (1)

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US20080196344A1 true US20080196344A1 (en) 2008-08-21

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US11/708,144 Abandoned US20080196344A1 (en) 2007-02-20 2007-02-20 Fireproof board

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2208594A1 (en) * 2009-01-15 2010-07-21 Fritz Egger GmbH & Co. OG Method for manufacturing a fire retardant wooden work surface
US20110011021A1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-01-20 Lavietes Daniel Fire Resistant Slipsheet
US9253870B2 (en) * 2014-05-23 2016-02-02 Rolls-Royce Plc Fire resistant electrical panel
EP3263793A1 (en) * 2016-06-28 2018-01-03 HILTI Aktiengesellschaft Fire protection element comprising a backing web
US20180066401A1 (en) * 2015-03-13 2018-03-08 2423465 Ontario Inc. Construction board
EP2812508B1 (en) 2011-12-28 2018-08-15 Silcart S.p.A. Backing layer for an insulation panel for construction and manufacturing method thereof
WO2021014361A1 (en) * 2019-07-22 2021-01-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Liquid composition, fireproof layer, laminated structure including fireproof layer, and fireproofing method

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6855393B1 (en) * 1999-06-17 2005-02-15 Ashmere Holdings Pty Ltd. Fire barrier panel
US20070009723A1 (en) * 2004-08-20 2007-01-11 Masanori Ogawa Flame-retardant sheet and formed article therefrom

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6855393B1 (en) * 1999-06-17 2005-02-15 Ashmere Holdings Pty Ltd. Fire barrier panel
US20070009723A1 (en) * 2004-08-20 2007-01-11 Masanori Ogawa Flame-retardant sheet and formed article therefrom

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2208594A1 (en) * 2009-01-15 2010-07-21 Fritz Egger GmbH & Co. OG Method for manufacturing a fire retardant wooden work surface
US20110011021A1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-01-20 Lavietes Daniel Fire Resistant Slipsheet
US8178449B2 (en) 2009-07-17 2012-05-15 Building Materials Investment Corp. Fire resistant slipsheet
EP2812508B1 (en) 2011-12-28 2018-08-15 Silcart S.p.A. Backing layer for an insulation panel for construction and manufacturing method thereof
US9253870B2 (en) * 2014-05-23 2016-02-02 Rolls-Royce Plc Fire resistant electrical panel
US20180066401A1 (en) * 2015-03-13 2018-03-08 2423465 Ontario Inc. Construction board
EP3263793A1 (en) * 2016-06-28 2018-01-03 HILTI Aktiengesellschaft Fire protection element comprising a backing web
WO2018001706A1 (en) * 2016-06-28 2018-01-04 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Fire protection element having a woven carrier fabric
EP3475495B1 (en) * 2016-06-28 2020-02-26 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Fire protection element comprising a backing web
WO2021014361A1 (en) * 2019-07-22 2021-01-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Liquid composition, fireproof layer, laminated structure including fireproof layer, and fireproofing method

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Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: INTERNATIONAL CARBIDE TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD., TAIWAN

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:CHANG, TSAO;HWANG, JIUNE-JYE;CHEN, JIA-HUEI;REEL/FRAME:018998/0898

Effective date: 20061121

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION