US20060185665A1 - Sauna fireplace - Google Patents

Sauna fireplace Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20060185665A1
US20060185665A1 US11/067,411 US6741105A US2006185665A1 US 20060185665 A1 US20060185665 A1 US 20060185665A1 US 6741105 A US6741105 A US 6741105A US 2006185665 A1 US2006185665 A1 US 2006185665A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
heat
enclosure
fireplace
housing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/067,411
Inventor
Thomas Bachinski
Gary Butler
Kelly Williams
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HNI Technologies Inc
Original Assignee
HNI Technologies Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HNI Technologies Inc filed Critical HNI Technologies Inc
Priority to US11/067,411 priority Critical patent/US20060185665A1/en
Assigned to HNI TECHNOLOGIES INC. reassignment HNI TECHNOLOGIES INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BUTLER, GARY LEE, BACHINSKI, THOMAS J., WILLIAMS, KELLY
Publication of US20060185665A1 publication Critical patent/US20060185665A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/1808Simulated fireplaces

Abstract

A sauna fireplace assembly that includes an outer enclosure, a combustion chamber enclosure, and a housing. The combustion chamber enclosure is positioned within the outer enclosure and defines a combustion chamber wherein heat is generated. The housing is positioned in contact with a panel of the combustion chamber enclosure and is configured to house a plurality of heat retaining members. An opening into the housing is accessible through the outer enclosure for access to the heat retaining members. Heat generated in the combustion chamber is passed to the heat retaining members and then radiated from the heat retaining members into a living space such as a sauna enclosure. A portion of the housing may be exposed within the combustion chamber for improved heat transfer to the heat retaining members.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention generally relates to heating appliances, and more particularly relates to heating appliances for use in a sauna.
  • 2. Related Art
  • Saunas originated centuries ago as Finnish steam baths. Steam for the steam bath is provided by water thrown on stones that are heated by a sauna heater. Original sauna heaters used burning wood or other fibrous articles to heat the stones. Today saunas are generally known as a dry heat bath, wherein steam can be generated in the room by applying water on heated objects such as artificial rocks that are heated by a gas or electric sauna heater.
  • Sauna heaters are an important part of the sauna. Sauna heaters generate heat sufficient to warm the sauna room to a desired temperature; typically over 110° F. Sauna heaters include a source of heat (e.g., an electric heating element or a gas or wood burning combustion device) and a bed of rocks or other heat emanating members positioned above and in contact with the source of heat. Although sauna heaters are often positioned as a center of attention in the sauna due to their important function, sauna heaters are not usually designed for aesthetics. Sauna heaters are most often designed with safety and heat generating efficiency as a primary objective. A sauna heater that provides aesthetics as well as safety and efficient heat generation would be an important advance in the art.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention generally relates to heating appliances, and more particularly relates to sauna heating appliances. One aspect of the invention relates to a fireplace that includes an outer enclosure, a plenum, and a housing. The combustion chamber enclosure is positioned within the outer enclosure and defines a combustion chamber wherein heat is generated. The plenum is defined between the outer enclosure and the combustion chamber enclosure. The plenum includes an inlet and an outlet for the circulation of room air through the plenum to heat the room air. The housing is positioned in contact with a panel of the combustion chamber enclosure and is configured to house a plurality of heat retaining members. An opening into the housing is accessible through the outer enclosure for accessing the heat retaining members. The fireplace is configured to pass heat generated in the combustion chamber through the housing to the heat retaining members and into a living space.
  • Another aspect of the invention relates to a fireplace that includes a combustion chamber enclosure and a housing. The combustion chamber enclosure defines a combustion chamber wherein combustion occurs to generate heat. The combustion chamber enclosure includes a top panel and a front panel through which the combustion chamber is viewable. The housing is configured to hold at least one heat retaining member and includes a bottom panel that defines a portion of the top panel of the combustion chamber enclosure.
  • A further aspect of the invention relates to a fireplace that includes a combustion chamber enclosure, a burner, and a housing. The combustion chamber enclosure defines a combustion chamber and includes at least one panel for viewing the combustion chamber. The burner is positioned within the combustion chamber and is configured to produce a flame that generates heat and is viewable through the at least one panel. The housing is configured to hold at least one heat retaining member and includes a panel that is at least partially exposed within the combustion chamber.
  • A still further aspect of the invention relates to a sauna that includes an enclosure including at least one wall, a fireplace, and a heat exchanging housing. The fireplace is positioned at least partially within the enclosure and includes a combustion chamber enclosure wherein a flame is generated for the production of heat. The combustion chamber enclosure includes at least one panel through which the flame is viewable. The heat exchanging housing coupled to a top panel of the combustion chamber enclosure, the housing including a plurality of panels that define a storage space sized to receive a plurality of heat retaining objects, the housing being configured to absorb heat generated in the combustion chamber and radiate the absorbed heat within the enclosure.
  • Another aspect of the invention relates to a heat exchanging assembly configured for use with a fireplace. The assembly includes a heat emanating member configured to absorb heat from the fireplace and radiate heat into a dwelling space, and a housing sized to retain the heat emanating member. The housing includes at least one panel configured for exposure to a heat source positioned within the fireplace. The at least one panel includes at least one heat exchanging fin configured for exposure to the heat source.
  • Another aspect of the invention relates to a method of manufacturing a sauna fireplace. The fireplace includes an outer enclosure, a combustion chamber enclosure defining a combustion chamber, and a heat exchanging assembly. The heat exchanging assembly defines a housing within which heat retaining objects may be positioned. The method includes providing the combustion chamber enclosure with at least one panel through which the combustion chamber is viewable, positioning the combustion chamber enclosure within the outer enclosure wherein the at least one panel is exposed for viewing, and securing the heating exchanging assembly to a top panel of the combustion chamber enclosure with the heating exchanging assembly at least partially exposed outside of the outer enclosure to provide access to the heat retaining objects positioned within the housing.
  • The above summary of the present invention is not intended to describe each disclosed embodiment or every implementation of the present invention. Figures in the detailed description that follow more particularly exemplified embodiments of the invention. While certain embodiments will be illustrated and described, the invention is not limited to use in such embodiments.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The invention may be more completely understood in consideration of the following detailed description of various embodiments in the invention and in connection with accompanying drawings, in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a front perspective view of an example sauna fireplace according to principles of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the fireplace shown in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3 is front view of the fireplace shown in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 4 is side view of the fireplace shown in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 5 is a top view of the fireplace shown in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional side view of the fireplace shown in FIG. 3 taken along cross-section indicators 6-6;
  • FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional front view of the fireplace shown in FIG. 4 taken along cross-section indicators 7-7;
  • FIG. 8 is a front perspective view of a combination sauna wall and the sauna fireplace shown in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 9 is a front view of the combination sauna wall and the sauna fireplace shown in FIG. 8;
  • FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional side view of the combination sauna wall and the sauna fireplace shown in FIG. 9 taken along cross-section indicators 10-10;
  • FIG. 11 is a front perspective view of another example sauna fireplace according to principles of the present invention;
  • FIG. 12 is an exploded perspective view of the fireplace shown in FIG. 11;
  • FIG. 13 is front view of the fireplace shown in FIG. 11;
  • FIG. 14 is side view of the fireplace shown in FIG. 11;
  • FIG. 15 is a top view of the fireplace shown in FIG. 11;
  • FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional side view of the fireplace shown in FIG. 13 taken along cross-section indicators 16-16;
  • FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional front view of the fireplace shown in FIG. 14 taken along cross-section indicators 17-17;
  • FIG. 18 is a front perspective view of a combination sauna wall and the sauna fireplace shown in FIG. 11;
  • FIG. 19 is a front view of the combination sauna wall and the sauna fireplace shown in FIG. 18;
  • FIG. 20 is a top side view of the combination sauna wall and the sauna fireplace shown in FIG. 18; and
  • FIG. 21 is a flow diagram related to an example method of manufacturing or assembling a sauna fireplace according to principles of the present invention.
  • While the invention is amenable to various modifications and alternative forms, specifics thereof have been shown by way of example in the drawings and will be described in detail. It should be understood, however, that the intention is not to limit the invention to the particular embodiments described. On the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • The present invention generally relates to heating appliances, and more particularly relates to heat generating appliances configured for use in a sauna. An example sauna heating appliance that is shown and described herein is a fireplace that has been modified to include features relevant to use in a sauna.
  • As used herein, the term “combustion chamber enclosure” can be any structure that at least partially surrounds that portion of the fireplace or heating appliance in which combustion or heat generation occurs. A combustion chamber enclosure typically includes a plurality of panels that define a combustion chamber for the combustion of fuel or generation of heat using other means. The term “sauna” will be understood to mean a heat bath and may include a sauna housing or sauna room that defines an enclosed space, and a sauna heater for the generation of heat within the enclosed space.
  • While the example embodiments of the present invention provided below are described in conjunction with example fireplaces, the present invention is equally applicable to other fireplaces such as, for example, a direct vent, a universal vent, a B-vent, a horizontal/vertical-vent, a dual direct vent, and a multisided unit having two or three glass panels as combustion chamber side panels. Although the present invention may be particularly useful for an open front fireplace, as described below, may principles of the present invention may be applied to closed front fireplaces, stoves, furnaces, and similar heat generating appliances.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 1-7, an example fireplace assembly 10 is shown. Fireplace 10 is particularly useful as a sauna heater as will be described below with reference to FIGS. 8-10.
  • Fireplace 10 provides an aesthetically pleasing, relatively efficient structure for generating heat within a sauna housing. Safety of the structure can be improved with a variety of features including, for example, a hot product warning sensor as described in U.S. 2003/0201896-A1, a glass cooling configuration as described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,848,441, an exhaust removal system as described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/769,557 entitled EXHAUST SYSTEM FOR OPEN FRONT FIREPLACE and filed on Jan. 30, 2004, and a proximity warning system as described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,672,860, which are incorporated herein by reference.
  • Fireplace assembly 10 includes an outer enclosure 12, a combustion chamber enclosure 14, a heat transfer assembly 16, a valve assembly 18, a burner assembly 20 (see FIGS. 6 and 7), and a vent assembly 22 (see FIGS. 2 and 6). The outer enclosure 12 includes a plurality of panels that together define a space or volume within which the combustion chamber enclosure is positioned. The outer enclosure 12 includes front and back panels 30, 32, first and second side panels 34, 36, and top and bottom panels 38, 40. The front panel 30 defines an opening for view of the combustion chamber enclosure 14. The top panel 38 also defines an opening through which the heat transfer assembly 16 is at least partially exposed for access into an inner volume defined by the heat transfer assembly 16. In some embodiments, the top panel 38 may also define an opening sized to expose a portion of a top panel of the combustion chamber enclosure and other components positioned within the outer enclosure 12.
  • The combustion chamber enclosure 14 includes front and back panels 42, 44, first and second side panels 46, 48, and top and bottom panels 50, 52. The panels 42, 44, 46, 48, 50, and 52 define a combustion chamber 58 wherein heat is generated by any desired means, such as, for example, the burner assembly 20 described in further detail below.
  • The front panel 42 defines an opening that may be covered with a transparent or translucent pane (e.g., a glass pane) that provides viewing into the combustion chamber 58. At least a portion of the opening in the front panel 42 is viewable through the front panel 30 of the outer enclosure 12. The top panel 50 defines a top opening 54 (see FIG. 2) through which at least a portion of the heat transfer assembly 16 is exposed within the combustion chamber 58. The back panel 48 includes a rear opening 56 that exposes a portion of the vent assembly 22 for the purpose of venting exhaust gases out of the combustion chamber 58.
  • In other embodiments, various panels of the combustion chamber enclosure 14 and outer enclosure 12 may be configured to permit viewing within the combustion chamber 58. In one example embodiment, the combustion chamber enclosure includes three or more panels provided with openings sized to provide viewing into the combustion chamber, such as the PIER-TVFL fireplace made by Heat & Glow of Lakeville, Minn.
  • The relative position between the combustion chamber enclosure 14 and the outer enclosure 12 defines a plenum 96 (see FIG. 6) wherein features of the fireplace 10 can be positioned. For example, the valve assembly 18 may be positioned within the plenum 96 at a position between the bottom panel 52 of the combustion chamber enclosure and the bottom panel 40 of the outer enclosure. Portions of the vent assembly 22 and the heat transfer assembly 16 may be positioned within the plenum 96. Access opening into the plenum 96 through the front panel 30 of the outer enclosure 12 above and below the front panel 42 of the combustion chamber enclosure 14 may be covered at least partially by louvers or vent members that help direct room air into the plenum and direct heated air from within the plenum 96 back into the living space. The fireplace 10 may include other air inlets and outlets to the plenum 96 for heating room air from various sources and directing the heated air to various locations.
  • The heat transfer assembly 16 includes a housing 60, a grate 62, a sealing member 64, and drain channels 66, 68. The housing 60 is defined by a plurality of side panels 70, 72, 74, 76 and a bottom panel 78. The bottom panel 78 includes a plurality of heat transfer members 80 that extend downward from the housing 60 and are exposed within the combustion chamber 58. The heat transfer members 80 improve heat transfer efficiency of heat generated within the combustion chamber 58 to the housing 60 because of the additional exposed surface area provided by the heat transfer members 80.
  • The housing 60 defines a volume or space within which the plurality of heat retaining member 69 may be positioned. The heat retaining members 69 may comprise any desired material and using any desired forming techniques such as those described in pending U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2003/0049575 and U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,941,237; 5,996,575; and 6,170,481, which are incorporated herein by reference. One example natural rock product well suited for use as the heat retaining members 69 are Olivine black granite imported from Finland. Other materials that may be used for the heat retaining members 69 or the housing 60 include granite, marble, steel, and other materials that preferably resist failure when a relatively cool liquid is applied to the material when the material is heated.
  • The heat retaining members 69 are preferably configured with a material composition that resists failure of the material when a cool liquid such as water is poured upon the heat retaining members when they are in the heated state. When the fireplace assembly 10 is used as a sauna fireplace when the heat retaining members 69 absorb heat transferred from the combustion chamber 58, through the heat transfer members 80 to the housing 60 and into the heat retaining members 69, and the heat retaining members 69 emanate heat into a living space such as within a space defined by a sauna housing. When a user of the sauna housing desires to increase the humidity within the living space defined by the sauna housing, the user may apply a liquid such as water to the heat retaining members, which typically immediately evaporates the liquid. The housing 60 may be provided with drain openings 82, 84 that are in fluid communication with the drain channels 66, 68 to direct excess amounts of the liquid applied to the heat retaining members out of the housing 60.
  • The grate 62 may provide a surface upon which the heat retaining members 69 can rest while providing a spacing between the bottom panel 78 and the heat retaining members 69. This spacing may be useful if an object is to separate the heat retaining members 69 from any excess liquid present along the bottom panel 78 within the housing 60. Other embodiments may not include a grate member 62 if it is preferred, for example, to provide direct physical contact between the heat retaining member 69 and the bottom panel 78. Such direct physical contact may improve, in some circumstances, the heat transfer efficiency to the heat retaining members 69.
  • The combustion chamber enclosure 14 and the heat transfer assembly 16 are configured such that the heat transfer assembly defines at least a portion of a top panel or uppermost surface of the combustion chamber enclosure that defines the combustion chamber 58. By exposing a portion of the housing 60 within the combustion chamber 58, there is a more direct transfer of the heat generated within the combustion chamber to the heat transfer assembly 16. In other embodiments, the top panel 50 of the combustion chamber enclosure 14 may have a top opening 54 with a smaller size than shown in the Figures, or no opening at all such that only a relatively small or no portion of the housing 60 is exposed within the combustion chamber 58. In such a configuration (not shown) the housing 60 would preferably maintain physical contact with the top panel 50 so that heat transfer would occur by conduction between the top panel 50 and the bottom panel 78 of the housing 60.
  • In still further embodiments, the heat transfer assembly 16 may be positioned adjacent to or exposed through other panels of the combustion chamber enclosure 14 such as, for example, the back, first and second sides, or bottom panels 44, 46, 48, 52, respectively. Essentially, there is little restriction as to where the heat transfer assembly 16 may be positioned relative to the combustion chamber enclosure 14 or to how or where portions of the heat transfer assembly 16 may be exposed within the combustion chamber 58.
  • As noted above, it is most desirable for the heat retaining member 69 to be exposed through the outer enclosure 12. Therefore, if the heat transfer assembly 16 is positioned at other panels of the combustion chamber enclosure 14 beside the top panel 50, the outer enclosure panels may be configured with alternative openings sufficient to provide access to the heat retaining member 69 positioned within the housing 60.
  • The valve assembly 18 is shown exposed through the front panel 30 of the outer enclosure 12. The valve assembly 18 controls gas flow to the burner assembly 20 (see FIGS. 6 and 7). Combustion gases generated by the burner assembly 20 can exit the combustion chamber 58 through a first vent member 90 of the vent assembly 22. A second vent member 92 provides a source of combustion air to the combustion chamber via a combustion air channel 94 that is positioned along the back panel 44 of the combustion chamber enclosure 14.
  • In other embodiments, different heat generating members may be used in place of a burner assembly 20. For example, the heat generating member may be an electric element that is combined with a simulated flame member. Controls for such an electric heating element may replace the valve assembly 18 within the plenum 96.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 8-10, the fireplace assembly 10 may be positioned within a sauna enclosure 100 that is defined by at least one wall 102. The wall 102 defines a recess 104 having a width W and depth D sufficient to at least partially house the fireplace assembly 10. The wall 102 also includes a plurality of windows 106 that provide viewing into and out of the sauna enclosure 100. Sauna enclosure 100 may also include additional walls and a ceiling member (all of which are not shown in this view) so as to define a completely enclosed volume or space within which a user may reside with the fireplace assembly 10. The enclosed space can be heated to any desired temperature using heat generated within the combustion chamber 58 which emanates at least partially through the heat transfer assembly 16 and heat retaining member 69 into the space. Additional heat may emanate from the combustion chamber 58 through the front panels 42, 30 and through other panels of the outer enclosure 12.
  • The fireplace 10 is shown in FIGS. 8-10 in direct contact with the wall 102 of the enclosure 100. In most applications, some type of insulating material (not shown) is provided between the fireplace 10 and the wall 102 to create a heat barrier and improve safety.
  • The fireplace assembly 10 provides a source of heat and an aesthetically pleasing fire display within the sauna enclosure 100. The fire display provided by the fireplace assembly 10 can provide a soothing and relaxing atmosphere for users residing within the sauna enclosure 100.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 11-17, a second fireplace assembly embodiment 200 is shown and described. The fireplace assembly 200 is a modified version of the Twilight fireplace made by Heat & Glow of Lakeville, Minn. The fireplace assembly 200 includes an outer enclosure 212, a combustion chamber enclosure 214, a heat transfer assembly 216, a valve assembly 218, a burner assembly 220, and a vent assembly 222. The fireplace assembly 200 has many similarities to the fireplace assembly 10 described above. Fireplace assembly 200 further includes viewing into the combustion chamber enclosure via the front and back sides of the fireplace assembly, and a hydronic heating member, which features are described in further detail below.
  • The outer enclosure 212 includes front and back panels 230, 232, first and second side panels 234, 236, a bottom panel 240, and a top panel that is removed for the purpose of more clearly illustrating the features positioned within the outer enclosure 212. The outer enclosure 212 defines a volume or space within which the combustion chamber enclosure 214 may be positioned. The front and back panels 230, 234 each define an opening through which the combustion chamber enclosure 214 is viewable. The fireplace assembly 200 is especially useful for positioning within a wall of a building structure so as to be exposed on opposing sides of the wall structure. By providing viewing through both the front and back panels 230, 232, the interior of the combustion chamber enclosure can be viewable from either side of the wall structure.
  • The top panel (not shown) of the outer enclosure 212 preferably defines an opening at least large enough to expose a portion, if not all, of the interior volume defined by the heat transfer assembly 216.
  • The combustion chamber enclosure 214 includes front and back panels 242, 244, first and second side panels 246, 248, and top and bottom panels 250, 252 that together define a combustion chamber 258 wherein heat is generated for heating the heat transfer assembly 216. The front and back panels 242, 244 each define an opening that provides viewing into the combustion chamber 258. The openings defined by the front and back panels 242, 244 may each be at least partially covered by a transparent or translucent pane of material such as glass or other heat resistant material. The front and back panels 242, 244 are at least partially viewable through the openings defined in the front and back panels 230, 232 of the outer enclosure 212.
  • The top panel 250 defines a top opening 254 through which at least a portion of the heat transfer assembly 216 may be exposed within the combustion chamber 258. The outer enclosure 212 and combustion chamber enclosure 214 may include other openings (not shown) that provide venting via a venting assembly (not shown) that provides combustion air to the combustion chamber 258 and/or exhaust combustion gases from the combustion chamber 258. In embodiments wherein heat is generated using a source of heat that does not require combustion air for the ventilation of exhaust gases (e.g., electric heat or hydrogen combustion), a ventilation system may not be required.
  • The outer enclosure 212 is preferably sized larger than the combustion chamber enclosure 214 so as to provide a plenum 296 between the enclosures 212, 214 (see FIGS. 16 and 17). The valve assembly 218 and other features of the fireplace assembly 200 may be positioned and exposed for access within the plenum 296.
  • The heat transfer assembly 216 includes a housing 260 defined by a plurality of side panels 270, 272, 274, 276, and a bottom panel 278. A plurality of heat transfer members 280 are positioned along an outward facing surface of the bottom panel 278. The heat transfer members 280 are preferably exposed within the combustion chamber 258 as shown in FIGS. 16 and 17. The members 280 provide additional surface area exposed within the combustion chamber 258 for the transfer of heat generated by the burner assembly 220 to the heat transfer assembly 216. A plurality of heat retaining members 269 may be positioned within the space defined by the housing 260 and in contact with the bottom panel 278 so as to absorb heat transferred from the combustion chamber 258 via the members 280 to the housing 260. The heat retaining members 269 in turn emanate heat out of the fireplace assembly 200 into a living space in which the fireplace 200 is positioned.
  • As described above, the heat retaining members 269 may comprise a material composition that is especially useful for absorbing and emanating heat and resisting failure when a relatively cool liquid is applied to the heat retaining members when they are in a heated state. Such properties for the heat retaining members 269 are especially useful when the fireplace 200 is used as a sauna fireplace to provide heat and a desired quantity of humidity within an enclosed space defined by a sauna enclosure as described further below with reference to FIGS. 18-20. When the fireplace 200 is used as a sauna heating device, the heat generated in the combustion chamber 258 heats the heat transfer assembly 216 including the heat retaining members 269, which then emanate heat into the sauna housing. A liquid such as water may be applied to the heat retaining members to generate steam that increases the humidity within the sauna housing. Any excess liquid applied to the heat retaining members 269 may be retained within the housing 260 until completely evaporated. In other embodiments (e.g., the housing 60 described above) the housing may include drain openings that permits the excess liquid to drain out of the housing 260.
  • As described with reference to the fireplace 10, the heat transfer assembly 216 may be positioned at any location around the combustion chamber enclosure 214. Further, the heat transfer assembly 216 may or may not be exposed within the combustion chamber 258. Further, although members 280 are shown extending from the bottom panel 278 of the housing 260, other heat transfer enhancing structures besides fins shaped heat transfer members may be used for improving the transfer of heat from the combustion chamber 258 to the heat transfer assembly 216. For example, spherical, conical, and other shapes may be used for the heat transfer members. The heat transfer members may be configured as, for example, rods, ribs, plates, fins, etc. The inner volume of the housing 60 wherein the heat retaining members 269 are positioned is preferably exposed through one of the panels of the outer enclosure 212 for access by a user of the fireplace 200.
  • The fireplace assembly 200 may be used within a sauna enclosure such as the enclosure 300 shown in FIGS. 18-20. Sauna enclosure 300 includes at least one wall 302 that defines an opening 304 sized to expose the back panel 232 of the fireplace assembly 200. The sauna enclosure 300 also includes a plurality of windows 306 and a door 308 that provide access into the enclosed sauna space. The sauna enclosure may also include at least three other wall members and a ceiling (all of which are not shown) that together define an enclosed space or enclosure that can be heated to a desired temperature using the fireplace assembly 200.
  • The fireplace 200 is shown in FIGS. 18-20 in direct contact with the wall 302 of the enclosure 300. In most applications, some type of insulating material (not shown) is provided between the fireplace 200 and the wall 302 to create a heat barrier and to improve safety.
  • Thus, the fireplace assembly 200 when used in connection with the sauna enclosure 300 provides heating and an aesthetically pleasing fire display within the sauna enclosure while also providing an aesthetically pleasing fire display from a position outside of the sauna enclosure. Heat generated by the fireplace assembly 200 may be directed to the space outside of the sauna enclosure.
  • The heat transfer assembly 216 may further include a hydronic heating member 286 (see FIGS. 2, 15 and 16). The hydronic heating member 286 may include inlet and outlet ports 288, 289 that are coupled to a continuously flowing source of fluid that flows through the hydronic heating member 286. The hydronic heating member 286 is positioned in contact with the top panel 250 of the combustion chamber enclosure 214 and may be exposed within the combustion chamber 258. The hydronic heating member 286 may include a plurality of heat transfer members 287 extending from a bottom surface thereof to improve the transfer of heat from the combustion chamber 258 to the liquid flowing through the hydronic heating member 286.
  • The liquid heated within the hydronic heating member 286 may be channeled or otherwise directed to a remote location wherein heat is removed from the liquid and used for any desired purpose such as, for example, a hot water heater, a floor surface, or into heated air of a furnace system. Some examples uses for heat removed from the liquid are described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/800,142 entitled FIREPLACE HYDRONIC HEATING and filed on Mar. 12, 2004, which patent application is incorporated herein by reference. Example uses for heat removed from the liquid include heating water for an indoor or outdoor hot tub, whirlpool, swimming pool, hot water heater or central heating system. The hydronic heating system may be a closed loop system wherein the fluid flowing through the hydronic heating system remains isolated from other liquids. The hydronic system may also be an opened loop system wherein the fluid flowing through the hydronic heating system is water that is used, for example, in the example hot tub, whirlpool, etc., mentioned above.
  • In other embodiments, a hydronic heating member in the form of, for example, a conduit, may be embedded within a panel or other structure of the fireplace. Embedding the hydronic member may be advantageous for at least the reason of reducing condensation on the hydronic heating member.
  • The example sauna housings 100, 300 described above represent closed rooms wherein a sauna condition exists. Some types of saunas may require a certain amount of fresh air intake into the sauna room for proper ventilation. In one example, a fresh air intake into the sauna is provided through a portion of the related fireplace 10, 200. Moving relatively cool fresh air below the combustion chamber of the fireplace or otherwise in contact with controls of the fireplace may be advantageous for at least some of the fireplace controls.
  • The fireplaces 10, 200 described above may be modified to include an automated steam generating system. The fireplaces 10, 200 typically produce steam only when a user manually applies water to the members 69, 269. In other embodiments, a water/liquid delivery system may be used to deliver water to the members 69, 269 at a desired rate and at a predetermined timing. For example, a water conduit with a valve may be added to the fireplaces 10, 200 with an end of the conduit being positioned near the heat transfer assembly 16, 216. The valve may be turned on so that a constant drip or stream of water is applied to the members 69, 269 or otherwise within the housing 60, 260, wherein the water is evaporated into steam. In some embodiments, the valve may be controlled automatically using a control system that is set by a user to create a predetermined humidity condition or apply water for a predetermined time period at a certain rate. In this way, the sauna 100, 300 could function more like a steam room than a dry heat sauna room.
  • The fireplace assemblies and sauna enclosures described above may be described in further detail with reference to various methods of manufacturing, assembly, and use. An example method of manufacturing a sauna fireplace that includes an outer enclosure, a combustion chamber enclosure defining a combustion chamber, and a heat exchanging assembly described with reference to FIG. 21. The method may include the steps of providing a combustion chamber enclosure with at least one panel-through which the combustion chamber is viewable, and positioning the combustion chamber enclosure within the outer enclosure wherein at least one panel is exposed for viewing. The method may also include securing the heat exchanging assembly to a top panel of the combustion chamber enclosure with the heat exchanging assembly at least partially exposed outside of the outer enclosure. A further step of the method may include exposing at least a portion of the housing within the combustion chamber enclosure.

Claims (25)

1. A fireplace, comprising:
an outer enclosure;
a combustion chamber enclosure positioned within the outer enclosure, the combustion chamber enclosure defining a combustion chamber wherein heat is generated;
a plenum defined between the outer enclosure and combustion chamber enclosure, the plenum having an inlet and an outlet for the circulation of room air through the plenum to heat the room air;
a housing positioned in contact with a panel of the combustion chamber enclosure, the housing being configured to house a plurality of heat retaining members, an opening into the housing being accessible through the outer enclosure for accessing the heat retaining members;
wherein heat generated in the combustion chamber is passed through the housing to the heat retaining members.
2. The fireplace of claim 1, wherein the housing is configured to hold a fluid.
3. The fireplace of claim 1, wherein the combustion chamber enclosure includes at least one panel that defines an opening for viewing a source of heat positioned within the combustion chamber.
4. The fireplace of claim 3, wherein the source of heat is a flame generated by a gas burner.
5. The fireplace of claim 3, wherein the combustion chamber enclosure includes a front panel and an opposing rear panel that each define an opening for viewing the source of heat.
6. The fireplace of claim 1, wherein at least a portion of the housing is exposed within the combustion chamber.
7. The fireplace of claim 6, wherein the portion of the housing exposed within the combustion chamber includes at least one heat transfer structure.
8. A fireplace, comprising:
a combustion chamber enclosure defining a combustion chamber wherein combustion occurs to generate heat, the combustion chamber enclosure including a front panel through which the combustion chamber is viewable and a top panel; and
a housing configured to hold at least one heat retaining member, the housing including a bottom panel that defines a portion of the top panel of the combustion chamber enclosure.
9. The fireplace of claim 8, wherein the bottom panel of the housing includes a plurality of heat transfer members.
10. The fireplace of claim 8, wherein the combustion chamber enclosure includes a rear panel on an opposing side of the combustion chamber enclosure from the front side, the front and rear panels each defining an opening through which the combustion chamber is viewable.
11. The fireplace of claim 8, further comprising an outer enclosure defined by a plurality of panels, the combustion chamber enclosure being at least partially disposed within the outer enclosure, and a plenum defined between the outer enclosure and the combustion chamber enclosure, the housing extending through the plenum and exposed outside of the outer enclosure.
12. The fireplace of claim 8, further comprising a burner positioned within the combustion chamber, the burner being configured to generate a flame, the flame being viewable through the front panel.
13. A fireplace, comprising:
a combustion chamber enclosure defining a combustion chamber, the combustion chamber enclosure including at least one panel for viewing the combustion chamber;
a burner positioned within the combustion chamber, the burner being configured to produce a flame that generates heat and is viewable through the at least one panel; and
a housing configured to hold at least one heat retaining member, a panel of the housing being at least partially exposed within the combustion chamber.
14. The fireplace of claim 13, wherein the housing includes at least one drain channel configured to direct fluid away from within the housing.
15. The fireplace of claim 13, further comprising a gasket positioned between the housing and the combustion chamber enclosure.
16. The fireplace of claim 13, further comprising a hydronic heating member configured to transfer heat from the combustion chamber to a fluid flowing through the hydronic heating member between an inlet opening and an outlet opening of the hydronic heating member.
17. A sauna, comprising:
an enclosure including at least one wall;
a fireplace positioned at least partially within the enclosure, the fireplace including a combustion chamber enclosure wherein a flame is generated for the production of heat, the combustion chamber enclosure including at least one panel through which the flame is viewable; and
a heat exchanging housing coupled to a top panel of the combustion chamber enclosure, the housing including a plurality of panels that define a storage space sized to receive a plurality of heat retaining objects, the housing being configured to absorb heat generated in the combustion chamber and radiate the absorbed heat within the enclosure.
18. The sauna of claim 17, wherein the housing is at least partially exposed within the combustion chamber enclosure.
19. The sauna of claim 17, further including a grate member positioning within the housing and configured to support the heat retaining members.
20. A heat exchanging assembly configured for use with a fireplace, the assembly comprising:
a heat emanating member configured to absorb heat from the fireplace and radiate heat into a dwelling space; and
a housing sized to retain the heat emanating member, the housing including at least one panel configured for exposure to a heat source positioned within the fireplace, the at least one panel including at least one heat exchanging member configured for exposure to the heat source.
21. The heat exchanging assembly of claim 20, wherein the fireplace includes a combustion chamber enclosure and a burner positioned within the combustion chamber enclosure for the generation of heat, wherein the at least one heat exchanging member is exposed within the combustion chamber enclosure.
22. A method of manufacturing a sauna fireplace, the fireplace including an outer enclosure, a combustion chamber enclosure defining a combustion chamber, and a heat exchanging assembly, the heat exchanging assembly defining an housing within which heat retaining objects may be positioned, the method comprising the steps of:
providing the combustion chamber enclosure with at least one panel through which the combustion chamber is viewable;
positioning the combustion chamber enclosure within the outer enclosure wherein the at least one panel is exposed for viewing; and
securing the heating exchanging assembly to a top panel of the combustion chamber enclosure with the heating exchanging assembly at least partially exposed outside of the outer enclosure to provide access to the heat retaining objects positioned within the housing.
23. The method of claim 22, further comprising exposing a portion of the housing within the combustion chamber enclosure.
24. The method of claim 22, wherein the heat exchanging assembly defines a portion of the top panel of the combustion chamber enclosure.
25. The method of claim 22, wherein the fireplace further includes a burner configured to generate heat, the method including positioning the burner within the combustion chamber enclosure, the burner being viewable through the at least one panel.
US11/067,411 2005-02-22 2005-02-22 Sauna fireplace Abandoned US20060185665A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/067,411 US20060185665A1 (en) 2005-02-22 2005-02-22 Sauna fireplace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/067,411 US20060185665A1 (en) 2005-02-22 2005-02-22 Sauna fireplace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20060185665A1 true US20060185665A1 (en) 2006-08-24

Family

ID=36911324

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/067,411 Abandoned US20060185665A1 (en) 2005-02-22 2005-02-22 Sauna fireplace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US20060185665A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2495329C2 (en) * 2011-03-23 2013-10-10 Владимир Михайлович Фокин Fuel furnace
RU2520206C2 (en) * 2012-07-20 2014-06-20 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью Завод "Ферингер и К" Steam generating method and device for its implementation
USD738997S1 (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-09-15 Fabricant De Poêles International Inc. Fireplace

Citations (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3760984A (en) * 1971-09-29 1973-09-25 Alza Corp Osmotically powered agent dispensing device with filling means
US3845770A (en) * 1972-06-05 1974-11-05 Alza Corp Osmatic dispensing device for releasing beneficial agent
US3916899A (en) * 1973-04-25 1975-11-04 Alza Corp Osmotic dispensing device with maximum and minimum sizes for the passageway
US3923426A (en) * 1974-08-15 1975-12-02 Alza Corp Electroosmotic pump and fluid dispenser including same
US3987790A (en) * 1975-10-01 1976-10-26 Alza Corporation Osmotically driven fluid dispenser
US3995631A (en) * 1971-01-13 1976-12-07 Alza Corporation Osmotic dispenser with means for dispensing active agent responsive to osmotic gradient
US4016880A (en) * 1976-03-04 1977-04-12 Alza Corporation Osmotically driven active agent dispenser
US4036228A (en) * 1975-09-11 1977-07-19 Alza Corporation Osmotic dispenser with gas generating means
US4044755A (en) * 1975-06-10 1977-08-30 Kolkka Toivo I Rock heater for sauna
US4073286A (en) * 1975-08-11 1978-02-14 Kartiala Tauno F Sauna heater
US4111203A (en) * 1976-11-22 1978-09-05 Alza Corporation Osmotic system with means for improving delivery kinetics of system
US4111202A (en) * 1976-11-22 1978-09-05 Alza Corporation Osmotic system for the controlled and delivery of agent over time
US4121570A (en) * 1976-01-14 1978-10-24 Klafs-Saunabau Kg, Medizinische Technik Sauna stove
US4203442A (en) * 1977-08-29 1980-05-20 Alza Corporation Device for delivering drug to a fluid environment
US4203440A (en) * 1978-10-23 1980-05-20 Alza Corporation Device having variable volume chamber for dispensing useful agent
US4210139A (en) * 1979-01-17 1980-07-01 Alza Corporation Osmotic device with compartment for governing concentration of agent dispensed from device
US4327725A (en) * 1980-11-25 1982-05-04 Alza Corporation Osmotic device with hydrogel driving member
US4360019A (en) * 1979-02-28 1982-11-23 Andros Incorporated Implantable infusion device
US4487603A (en) * 1982-11-26 1984-12-11 Cordis Corporation Implantable microinfusion pump system
US4627850A (en) * 1983-11-02 1986-12-09 Alza Corporation Osmotic capsule
US4692147A (en) * 1980-04-02 1987-09-08 Medtronic, Inc. Drug administration device
US4725852A (en) * 1985-05-09 1988-02-16 Burlington Industries, Inc. Random artificially perturbed liquid apparatus and method
US4846145A (en) * 1985-10-11 1989-07-11 Katsuyoshi Inouci Infrared ray radiation sauna device with heat source of combustion heat
US5553187A (en) * 1994-06-02 1996-09-03 Lippo; Veikko A. Booster mechanism for sauna generator's rockpile utilizing water-directing bypass structure
US5941237A (en) * 1996-01-19 1999-08-24 Heat-N-Glo Fireplace Products, Inc. Universal non-porous fiber reinforced combustion chamber fireplace
US5940901A (en) * 1996-10-31 1999-08-24 Haslauer; Paul Treatment facility for application of a tub and/or a steam bath
US5996575A (en) * 1998-02-17 1999-12-07 Heat-N-Glo Fireplace Products, Inc. Low cost prefabricated fireplace with fiber insulation firebox
US6170481B1 (en) * 1999-07-16 2001-01-09 Heat-N-Glo Fireplace Products, Inc. Open ended molded fireplace box and method
US20030049575A1 (en) * 2001-02-08 2003-03-13 Lyons David Charles Compression molded inorganic fiber articles, and methods and compositions used in molding same
US20030201896A1 (en) * 2002-04-09 2003-10-30 Determan Bradley Dean Temperature warning system for a fireplace
US6672860B2 (en) * 2002-04-10 2004-01-06 Hon Technology Inc. Proximity warning system for a fireplace
US6848441B2 (en) * 2002-07-19 2005-02-01 Hon Technology Inc. Apparatus and method for cooling a surface of a fireplace

Patent Citations (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3995631A (en) * 1971-01-13 1976-12-07 Alza Corporation Osmotic dispenser with means for dispensing active agent responsive to osmotic gradient
US3760984A (en) * 1971-09-29 1973-09-25 Alza Corp Osmotically powered agent dispensing device with filling means
US3845770A (en) * 1972-06-05 1974-11-05 Alza Corp Osmatic dispensing device for releasing beneficial agent
US3916899A (en) * 1973-04-25 1975-11-04 Alza Corp Osmotic dispensing device with maximum and minimum sizes for the passageway
US3923426A (en) * 1974-08-15 1975-12-02 Alza Corp Electroosmotic pump and fluid dispenser including same
US4044755A (en) * 1975-06-10 1977-08-30 Kolkka Toivo I Rock heater for sauna
US4073286A (en) * 1975-08-11 1978-02-14 Kartiala Tauno F Sauna heater
US4036228A (en) * 1975-09-11 1977-07-19 Alza Corporation Osmotic dispenser with gas generating means
US3987790A (en) * 1975-10-01 1976-10-26 Alza Corporation Osmotically driven fluid dispenser
US4121570A (en) * 1976-01-14 1978-10-24 Klafs-Saunabau Kg, Medizinische Technik Sauna stove
US4016880A (en) * 1976-03-04 1977-04-12 Alza Corporation Osmotically driven active agent dispenser
US4016880B1 (en) * 1976-03-04 1983-02-01
US4111202A (en) * 1976-11-22 1978-09-05 Alza Corporation Osmotic system for the controlled and delivery of agent over time
US4111203A (en) * 1976-11-22 1978-09-05 Alza Corporation Osmotic system with means for improving delivery kinetics of system
US4203442A (en) * 1977-08-29 1980-05-20 Alza Corporation Device for delivering drug to a fluid environment
US4203440A (en) * 1978-10-23 1980-05-20 Alza Corporation Device having variable volume chamber for dispensing useful agent
US4210139A (en) * 1979-01-17 1980-07-01 Alza Corporation Osmotic device with compartment for governing concentration of agent dispensed from device
US4360019A (en) * 1979-02-28 1982-11-23 Andros Incorporated Implantable infusion device
US4692147A (en) * 1980-04-02 1987-09-08 Medtronic, Inc. Drug administration device
US4327725A (en) * 1980-11-25 1982-05-04 Alza Corporation Osmotic device with hydrogel driving member
US4487603A (en) * 1982-11-26 1984-12-11 Cordis Corporation Implantable microinfusion pump system
US4627850A (en) * 1983-11-02 1986-12-09 Alza Corporation Osmotic capsule
US4725852A (en) * 1985-05-09 1988-02-16 Burlington Industries, Inc. Random artificially perturbed liquid apparatus and method
US4846145A (en) * 1985-10-11 1989-07-11 Katsuyoshi Inouci Infrared ray radiation sauna device with heat source of combustion heat
US5553187A (en) * 1994-06-02 1996-09-03 Lippo; Veikko A. Booster mechanism for sauna generator's rockpile utilizing water-directing bypass structure
US5941237A (en) * 1996-01-19 1999-08-24 Heat-N-Glo Fireplace Products, Inc. Universal non-porous fiber reinforced combustion chamber fireplace
US5940901A (en) * 1996-10-31 1999-08-24 Haslauer; Paul Treatment facility for application of a tub and/or a steam bath
US5996575A (en) * 1998-02-17 1999-12-07 Heat-N-Glo Fireplace Products, Inc. Low cost prefabricated fireplace with fiber insulation firebox
US6170481B1 (en) * 1999-07-16 2001-01-09 Heat-N-Glo Fireplace Products, Inc. Open ended molded fireplace box and method
US20030049575A1 (en) * 2001-02-08 2003-03-13 Lyons David Charles Compression molded inorganic fiber articles, and methods and compositions used in molding same
US20030201896A1 (en) * 2002-04-09 2003-10-30 Determan Bradley Dean Temperature warning system for a fireplace
US6672860B2 (en) * 2002-04-10 2004-01-06 Hon Technology Inc. Proximity warning system for a fireplace
US6848441B2 (en) * 2002-07-19 2005-02-01 Hon Technology Inc. Apparatus and method for cooling a surface of a fireplace

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2495329C2 (en) * 2011-03-23 2013-10-10 Владимир Михайлович Фокин Fuel furnace
RU2520206C2 (en) * 2012-07-20 2014-06-20 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью Завод "Ферингер и К" Steam generating method and device for its implementation
USD738997S1 (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-09-15 Fabricant De Poêles International Inc. Fireplace

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4271815A (en) Prefabricated fireplace for permanent installation
US3902474A (en) Solar heat converter
EP0268407A2 (en) Direct-vented gas fireplace
US4141336A (en) Fireplace stove
US4092976A (en) Air conditioner
US2533508A (en) Furnace for hot-air and water space heating with domestic water heater
US4519376A (en) Fireplace assembly
US5996575A (en) Low cost prefabricated fireplace with fiber insulation firebox
US4224921A (en) Fireplace with air control dampers
CA1104018A (en) Circulating air building heating system
US2671440A (en) Air heating furnace simulating a fireplace
US4026264A (en) Portable fireplace heating unit
US6848441B2 (en) Apparatus and method for cooling a surface of a fireplace
US5218953A (en) Variable high efficiency gas burning fireplace
US5016609A (en) Direct vented multi glass side fireplace
US6601579B2 (en) Indoor-outdoor fireplace
CA1054886A (en) Fireplace heating unit
US4384566A (en) Prefabricated fireplace
US3564201A (en) Compact sauna unit
US5076254A (en) Direct vented multi glass side fireplace
US4126118A (en) Modular fireplace assembly
US3834619A (en) Fireplace system
US4282855A (en) Fireplace screen system
US5452708A (en) Universal horizontal-vertical (H-V) direct-vented gas heating unit
US5479916A (en) Low profile gas burner fireplace table

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: HNI TECHNOLOGIES INC., IOWA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BACHINSKI, THOMAS J.;BUTLER, GARY LEE;WILLIAMS, KELLY;REEL/FRAME:016695/0627;SIGNING DATES FROM 20050517 TO 20050606

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION