US200222A - Improvement in fences - Google Patents

Improvement in fences Download PDF

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Publication number
US200222A
US200222A US200222DA US200222A US 200222 A US200222 A US 200222A US 200222D A US200222D A US 200222DA US 200222 A US200222 A US 200222A
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Prior art keywords
web
picket
fence
fences
notch
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H17/00Fencing, e.g. fences, enclosures, corrals
    • E04H17/14Fences constructed of rigid elements, e.g. with additional wire fillings or with posts
    • E04H17/1413Post-and-rail fences, e.g. without vertical cross-members
    • E04H17/1417Post-and-rail fences, e.g. without vertical cross-members with vertical cross-members
    • E04H17/1426Picket fences
    • E04H17/1439Picket fences with separate pickets going through the horizontal members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H17/00Fencing, e.g. fences, enclosures, corrals
    • E04H17/14Fences constructed of rigid elements, e.g. with additional wire fillings or with posts
    • E04H17/1413Post-and-rail fences, e.g. without vertical cross-members
    • E04H17/1447Details of connections between rails and posts

Definitions

  • Figure 1 is a front view of the fence.
  • Figs. 2 and 3 are end views of the same.
  • Figs. 4, 5, and 6 are detached sections.
  • This invention relates to an iron fence the upper and lower rails of which are constructed of T-shaped irons, and the bars or pickets thereof are of wire, arranged and secured in said rails as follows, the fence being an improvment of one for which Letters Patent were granted to me June 26, 187 7, No. 192,350.
  • the T-rail above alluded to consists of a vertical web, A, and a cap or plate, B, lying horizontally along upon the edge of the web, and which may be either united to the web, forming a part thereof, orbe simply laid thereon, and retained in place by the bars or pickets C.
  • Said web and caps referred to are made of sheet or plate metal, and are secured to the posts D (which are also of sheet metal) by passing the end of the web through a slot in the post. The end of the web projecting through the post is then turned down upon the side thereof, forming a clinch, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3.
  • the end of the web projecting through the post is shown in the drawing as split and turned back to the right and left. The end, however, may be clinched without being split.
  • the said web depends from the top.
  • the lower rail of the fence is constructed substantially as the upper one above described, as will be seen in the drawings.
  • first bar or picket of the fence passes through the caps or plates B, and on the same side of the webs whereas the second picket, on passing through the cap, is on the opposite side of the webs; again, the third one is on the same side of the web as the irst, and the fourth on the same side with the second, and so on.
  • each picket when bent over, passes down through the cap, and is then bent at an angle and made to pass through the web projecting therefrom, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3.
  • the projecting ends being pointed, form barbs E to protect the fence from being rubbed against by horses, cattle, &c., thus making of the structure a barbed fence to resist the inroad of stock, and at the same time strengthening the fence by holding the ends of the pickets securely in place.
  • the notch a (shown in Fig. 4) is made under the bend.
  • the notch may be formed on the sides, as shown in Fig. 5, in which event a hole like that shown at b in Fig. 6 is provided for the end of the picket, whereas an elongated one like that at o is used when the notch is made under the band, as referred to in Fig. 4.
  • iron fences which have a rail composed of two sections-wiz., the vertical web A and a horizontal plate or cap, B-so arranged in relation to said web as to form, in combination therewith, a T-rail, the projection of the ends ofthe curved portion of the picket downward through the top plate alternately on opposite sides of the web, and providing said picket ends with a gain or notch,

Description

G.. Av. ROOT.
Fences.
10,200,222 Patented Feb.12,1s78.
Ivg. l Iig. 2. 1'/ y. 5(
L ..1 L1 z, 1:0 A 9E All A/LH] P d d L 11 J1 .Z J 4 B E ZZ A A {il} 'A N.PETERS. PHOTQLITHDGRAPHER. WASHINGTON. D C
'NITED STATES PATENT FFICE.
iOORYDON A. ROOT, OF ANDOVER, OHIO, ASSIGNOR OFONE-HALF HIS RIGHTTO ISAAC M. RICE, OF WINDSOR, NEW YORK.
IMPROVEMENT iN FENCES.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 200.222, dated February 12, 1878; application filed November 9, 1877.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, CoRYDoN A. ROOT, of Andover, in the county of Ashtabula and State of Ohio, have invented a certain new and Improved Fence; and I do hereby declare that the following' is a full, clear, and complete description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making a part of the same.
Figure 1 is a front view of the fence. Figs. 2 and 3 are end views of the same. Figs. 4, 5, and 6 are detached sections.
Like letters of reference refer to like parts in the several views.
The nature of this invention relates to an iron fence the upper and lower rails of which are constructed of T-shaped irons, and the bars or pickets thereof are of wire, arranged and secured in said rails as follows, the fence being an improvment of one for which Letters Patent were granted to me June 26, 187 7, No. 192,350.
The T-rail above alluded to consists of a vertical web, A, and a cap or plate, B, lying horizontally along upon the edge of the web, and which may be either united to the web, forming a part thereof, orbe simply laid thereon, and retained in place by the bars or pickets C. Said web and caps referred to are made of sheet or plate metal, and are secured to the posts D (which are also of sheet metal) by passing the end of the web through a slot in the post. The end of the web projecting through the post is then turned down upon the side thereof, forming a clinch, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3. The end of the web projecting through the post is shown in the drawing as split and turned back to the right and left. The end, however, may be clinched without being split. The said web depends from the top.
The lower rail of the fence is constructed substantially as the upper one above described, as will be seen in the drawings.
It will be observed that the first bar or picket of the fence passes through the caps or plates B, and on the same side of the webs whereas the second picket, on passing through the cap, is on the opposite side of the webs; again, the third one is on the same side of the web as the irst, and the fourth on the same side with the second, and so on.
This interlocking or weaving together of the webs and pickets adds to the firmness and strength of the fence, making the structure durable and rigid, though light injweight of material.
The upper end of each picket, when bent over, passes down through the cap, and is then bent at an angle and made to pass through the web projecting therefrom, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3.
The projecting ends, being pointed, form barbs E to protect the fence from being rubbed against by horses, cattle, &c., thus making of the structure a barbed fence to resist the inroad of stock, and at the same time strengthening the fence by holding the ends of the pickets securely in place.
The ends of the pickets which do not stand out as barbs, above alluded to, are prevented from being forced down through the cap by a notch, a, Fig. 4, in which notch the edge of the hole through which the end passes is lodged and retained therein by the neXt picket passed through the same hole, as shown in Fig. 1. In said figure a part of the cap is shown as broken away, that the end of the picket and notch may be seen.
The notch a, (shown in Fig. 4) is made under the bend. The notch, however, may be formed on the sides, as shown in Fig. 5, in which event a hole like that shown at b in Fig. 6 is provided for the end of the picket, whereas an elongated one like that at o is used when the notch is made under the band, as referred to in Fig. 4.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In iron fences which have a rail composed of two sections-wiz., the vertical web A and a horizontal plate or cap, B-so arranged in relation to said web as to form, in combination therewith, a T-rail, the projection of the ends ofthe curved portion of the picket downward through the top plate alternately on opposite sides of the web, and providing said picket ends with a gain or notch,
by which to engage the picket with said top plate, substantially as speciied.
2. The bent or outward projection of the eX tremity E of the picket, substantially as and for the purpose speciiied.
OORYDON A. ROOT.
Witnesses PHILIP KREOKEL, J. W. BURRIDGE.
US200222D Improvement in fences Expired - Lifetime US200222A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2844261A (en) * 1956-09-25 1958-07-22 Yankee Engineering Company Inc Storage shelving construction

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2844261A (en) * 1956-09-25 1958-07-22 Yankee Engineering Company Inc Storage shelving construction

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