US20020022459A1 - Portable communication unit and internal antenna used for same - Google Patents

Portable communication unit and internal antenna used for same Download PDF

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Publication number
US20020022459A1
US20020022459A1 US09923730 US92373001A US2002022459A1 US 20020022459 A1 US20020022459 A1 US 20020022459A1 US 09923730 US09923730 US 09923730 US 92373001 A US92373001 A US 92373001A US 2002022459 A1 US2002022459 A1 US 2002022459A1
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
internal antenna
circuit board
printed circuit
antenna
rear case
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US09923730
Inventor
Takeshi Kobayashi
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NEC Corp
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NEC Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM
    • H01Q1/242Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use
    • H01Q1/243Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use with built-in antennas
    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04RRADIO-CONTROLLED TIME-PIECES
    • G04R60/00Constructional details
    • G04R60/06Antennas attached to or integrated in clock or watch bodies
    • G04R60/10Antennas attached to or integrated in clock or watch bodies inside cases
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q9/00Electrically-short antennas having dimensions not more than twice the operating wavelength and consisting of conductive active radiating elements
    • H01Q9/04Resonant antennas
    • H01Q9/0407Substantially flat resonant element parallel to ground plane, e.g. patch antenna
    • H01Q9/0421Substantially flat resonant element parallel to ground plane, e.g. patch antenna with a shorting wall or a shorting pin at one end of the element
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/38Transceivers, i.e. devices in which transmitter and receiver form a structural unit and in which at least one part is used for functions of transmitting and receiving
    • H04B1/3827Portable transceivers
    • H04B1/3833Hand-held transceivers

Abstract

A rear case and a front case are unified to form a casing. An internal antenna is accommodated in a predetermined space in the rear case, and supported in a state that it is inserted between the rear case and a printed circuit board. An output end of an antenna metal element is connected with a feeding point of the internal antenna, and an input end thereof is connected with a feeding terminal of the printed circuit board via a contacting means. Accordingly, there is no necessity for soldering the antenna metal element to the feeding terminal of the printed circuit board, the number of structural elements can be reduced, and the fabricating process can be simplified.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention relates to a portable communication unit and an internal antenna used for the same, and especially to a portable communication unit and an internal antenna used for the same in which a feeding system of an internal antenna is simplified and a space for accommodating an internal antenna is saved. [0001]
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • In a fabricating technology of a portable communication unit, such as a cellular phone or a personal handyphone system, researches for decreasing sizes and weights of parts including batteries, casings, antennas, and electronic circuits to the utmost limits and for reducing consumed electric power are actively developed in order to realize a compactness and lightweight of the portable communication unit. Referring to the antenna, an inverted F shaped antenna or a chip dielectric antenna is adopted in order to save a space for accommodation it. As shown in Japanese Patent Applications, Laid-Open, No. 9-321529, the internal antenna is electrically connected with the printed circuit board on which a display, a key unit, and the electronic circuits are mounted via a feeding system composed of two leaf springs (a feeding spring and a grounding spring) in the conventional portable communication unit. [0002]
  • However, in the feeding system using the leaf springs, since distances between the surface of the printed circuit board and the feeding points of the internal antenna are large, it becomes necessary to increase strokes of metal elements surving as the leaf springs. Accordingly, feeding terminals of the feeding system become large in order to secure sufficient spring-pressures, and areas of lands for soldering the metal elements of the feeding system to the printed circuit board become large. Moreover, the feeding system using the leaf springs is apt to interfere with peripheral structural elements, hence the efficiency of the antenna is apt to be lowered, and the characteristic of the antenna is apt to be fluctuated. [0003]
  • An internal antenna including a feeding system which improves the efficiency and the accuracy in the assembling process and stabilizes the characteristics of the internal antenna by simplifying its structure is disclosed in Japanese patent Applications, Laid-Open, No. 9-8526. [0004]
  • FIG. 1 shows the structure of the internal antenna [0005] 100 mentioned in the above.
  • The internal antenna [0006] 100 is provided with a chassis 102 which is formed above a diectical plate 101. Soldering patterns 103 a, 103 b, 103 c are formed on the chassis 102, on which a matching circuit (not shown) is set and soldered to the soldering patterns 103 a to 103 c. The internal antenna 100 is fixed to the shield case (not shown) by soldering. The shield case is molded out of thermoplastic, and a whole outer surface thereof is plated with metal. The shield case is lightweight and shields electronic circuits (not shown) accommodated therein electromagnetically. Moreover, ribs (not shown) fitting conducting elements 105 a to 105 d which are formed on a grounding pattern 104 are provided for the top surface of the shield case. Moreover, a radiator 106 is formed on a top surface of the internal antenna 100.
  • Since a position of the internal antenna [0007] 100 relative to the shield case can be easily determined and the internal antenna 100 is connected with the shield case electrically and mechanically, the accuracy in the assembling process is heightened, and the characteristic of the internal antenna is stabilized. Moreover, since the grounding pattern 104 is electrically connected with the plated metal layer on the top surface of the shield case via the conductive elements 105 a to 105 d, and the plated metal layer serves as the grounding plane of the internal antenna 100, metal elements situated under a bottom surface of the dielectric plate 101 which are used in the conventional internal antenna become unnecessary, and the number of the structural elements can be reduced.
  • However, in the conventional portable communication unit, it is a premise that the internal antenna [0008] 100 is positioned on the top surface of the shield case. Moreover, since the grounding pattern 104 of the internal antenna 100 is soldered to the top surface of the shield case which is plated with metal, soldering technique becomes necessary in a fabrication process of the internal antenna 100. Furthermore, since it is necessary to combined the internal antenna with the shield case, the position on which the internal antenna is to be situated is limited.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a portable communication unit and an internal antenna used for the same in which a space for accommodating an internal antenna is saved without deteriorating a characteristic of an internal antenna, soldering technique becomes unnecessary in a fabrication process of an internal antenna, and the number of structural elements of an internal antenna can be reduced. [0009]
  • According to the first feature of the invention, a portable communication unit comprises: [0010]
  • a printed circuit board on which a radio unit composed of a transmitter and a receiver is mounted, [0011]
  • an internal antenna which is classified into an inverted F shaped antenna or a dielectric antenna, [0012]
  • an antenna metal element which is connected with a feeding point of the internal antenna at an output end thereof, and brought into contact with a feeding terminal formed on the printed circuit board at an input end thereof, [0013]
  • a front case which is provided with a data-inputting key, an information-displaying means, a speaker, and a microphone, and [0014]
  • a rear case which is provided with a space for accommodating the internal antenna, and fitted to the front case to form a casing, [0015]
  • wherein the internal antenna is supported between the rear case and the printed circuit board. [0016]
  • According to the aforementioned structure, the internal antenna is accommodated in a predetermined space provided in the rear case, and inserted between the rear case and the printed circuit board. In this case, the internal antenna is brought into contact with the feeding terminal of the printed circuit board via the antenna metal element. That is to say, an electrical conduction between the internal antenna and the printed circuit board is secured by pressure exerted on a contact surface between these structural elements. Accordingly, since the internal antenna can be assembled without using soldering technique, the feeding system using the leaf springs becomes unnecessary. The space for accommodating the internal antenna can be reduced, and the number of the structural elements of the internal antenna can be decreased. [0017]
  • According to the second feature of the invention, an internal antenna of a portable communication unit which is accommodated in a casing composed of a front case and a rear case together with a printed circuit board, comprises: [0018]
  • a radiator situated inside the rear case, [0019]
  • an antenna metal element which is connected with the radiator at an output end thereof, and brought into contact with a feeding terminal formed on the printed circuit board at an input end thereof, [0020]
  • a reflecting plane which is situated opposited to the radiator maintaining a predetermined interval therebetween, [0021]
  • a conductive painting which is applied to an inner surface of the rear case and brought into contact with a grounding pattern of the printed circuit board, and [0022]
  • connecting terminals which connect an edge of the referencing plane with the conductive painting via contacting means. [0023]
  • According to the aforementioned structure, the antenna metal element is connected with the radiator at an output end thereof, and brought into contact with the feeding terminal of the printed circuit board at an input end thereof. Moreover, the connecting terminal connects the edge of the reflecting plane opposite the radiator with the grounding pattern of the printed circuit board via contacting means. Accordingly, a soldering technique becomes unnecessary, a space for accommodating the internal antenna and accessories thereof can be saved, and the number of the structural elements can be reduced. Since the reflecting plane not only reflects an electric wave radiated from the radiator but also serves as a part of the grounding plane, a stable grounding plane can be secured, the deterioration of the efficiency of the antenna and the fluctuation of the characteristic of the antenna can be suppressed. Moreover, since the electrical conductions between the antenna metal element and the feeding terminal of the printed circuit board and between the connecting terminal and the conductive painting are secured by pressures exerted on contact surfaces between these structural elements, the soldering technique become unnecessary, and the fabrication process can be simplified.[0024]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The invention will be explained in more detail in conjunction with appended drawings, wherein: [0025]
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view for showing a structure of a conventional internal antenna, [0026]
  • FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view for showing a portable communication unit according to the first preferred embodiment of the invention, [0027]
  • FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of an internal antenna used in the embodiments of the invention, [0028]
  • FIG. 4 is a plan view for showing a rear case of a portable communication unit according to the second preferred embodiment of the invention, and [0029]
  • FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view for showing a portable communication unit according to the second preferred embodiment of the invention.[0030]
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • Hereafter, preferred embodiments of the invention will be explained preferring to the appended drawings. [0031]
  • The First Preferred Embodiment [0032]
  • FIG. 2 shows a portable communication unit according to the first preferred embodiment of the invention. A casing of the portable communication unit is separated into a rear case [0033] 2 and a front case 3, each of which is molded out of resin, and fits for the other to form one united body. A cavity 3 a to be loaded with batteries 4 is formed on a surface of the rear case 2. A print circuit board 6 is situated between the rear case 2 and the front case 3, and electronic parts 5 are mounted on both the surfaces of the printed circuit board 6. Moreover, a liquid crystal display (LCD, hereinafter) 7 is mounted on a predetermined position of the printed circuit board 6. In addition to this, numerical keys and functional switches are situated on the predetermined positions of the front case 3, though graphical representations thereof are omitted. In the electronic parts 5, a radio unit composed of a transmitter and a receiver is covered with a metallic shield case 8 in order to suppress external noise and undesired radiation, and a predetermined portion of the shield case 8 is soldered to a grounding pattern of the printed circuit board 6. The internal antenna which is classified into a inverted F shaped antenna or a dielectric antenna is accommodated in a space formed between the rear case 2 and the printed circuit board 6. The internal antenna 10 is supported in a condition that it is inserted between the rear case 2 and the printed circuit board 6. A conductive painting 9 is so applied to an inner surface of the rear case 2 except an area covering the internal antenna that a portion of the conducting painting 9 is brought into contact with the grounding pattern of the printed circuit board 6. Conductive painting 9 is also brought into contact with connecting terminals 11 mentioned later.
  • As mentioned in the above, the internal antenna [0034] 10 is either the inverted F shaped antenna or the dielectric antenna. FIG. 3 shows the structure of the internal antenna in detail. The internal antenna 10 serves as both the transmitting and receiving antennas. As shown in FIG. 3, the internal antenna 10 is composed of one or more connecting terminals 11 having a squarish U shaped cross-section, an insulator 12 serving as a spacer, a radiator 13 which is shaped into a plate shaped pattern or into a predetermined pattern and situated on a top surface of the insulator 12, an antenna metal element 14 which is situated on the side of the radiator 13 in a condition that it is connected with the radiator 13 and provided with a lower end which is brought into contact with a feeding terminal of the radio unit mounted on the printed circuit board 6, and a reflecting plate 15 which is opposite the radiator 13 and situated under the insulator 12. The reflecting plate 15 is connected with the lower end of the connecting terminals 11. The higher end of the connecting terminals 11 are brought into contact with the conductive painting 9 via contact surfaces therebetween. The lower end of the antenna metal element 14 is brought into contact with the feeding terminal of the radio unit mounted on the printed circuit board 6 via a contact surface therebetween. In each of the aforementioned contact surfaces between the structural elements, an contact resistance brought about therebetween can be sufficiently reduced by contact pressure exerted on the contact surface which is caused by the rear case 2 and the front case 3, each being fit for the other. The structural elements shown in FIG. 2 may be mounted on the printed circuit board 6 either individually or collectively by means of adhesive.
  • In the structures shown in FIGS. 2, 3, when the portable communication unit is communicating with the base station, a transmitting power outputted from the radio unit mounted on the printed circuit board [0035] 6 is supplied to the antenna metal element 14, and radiated from the radiator 13. The electric wave radiated from the radiator 13 in the direction of the insulator 12 is reflected by the reflecting plane 15, and radiated to the outside via the radiator 13. The reflecting plane 15 is connected with the grounding pattern (not shown) of the printed circuit board 6 and with the conductive painting 9 via the connecting terminals 11. Accordingly, since the reflecting plane 15, the conductive painting 9, and the grounding pattern of the printed circuit board 6 form a grounding plane having a wide area, and the portable communication unit can be connected with the ground stably. As a result, the shielding effect against the underired radiation can be heightened.
  • As mentioned in the above, according to the first preferred embodiment, since the internal antenna [0036] 10 is supported in a condition that it is inserted between the rear case 2 and the printed circuit board 6, the connecting terminals 11 are brought into contact with the conductive painting 9 serving as the grounding panel, and the antenna metal element 14 is brought into contact with the feeding terminal of the printed circuit board 6, there is no necessity for using a particular feeding system and a soldering technique. Accordingly, the space for accommodating the internal antenna 10 can be saved, and the number of the structural elements can be reduced. Moreover, since a single grounding plane having a wide area can be provided stably, the characteristic of the antenna can be stabilized. Since the potential of the reflecting plate 15 is at the ground level, the reflecting plane 15 is serves as a shielding surface against the undesired wave, and the shielding property thereof can be heightened.
  • The Second Preferred Embodiment [0037]
  • FIGS. 4, 5 show the other portable communication unit according to the second preferred embodiment of the invention. FIG. 4 is a plan view for showing a rear case [0038] 31 and an internal antenna 10, and FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the total structure. Through FIGS. 2 to 5, structural elements having the same functions are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the duplicated explanations will be omitted.
  • The feature of this embodiment consists in the configuration of the rear case [0039] 31. As shown in FIGS. 4, 5, the rear case 31 is provided with a cavity 32 to be loaded with batteries 4 and a space 33 for accommodating an internal antenna 10. It should be noted that shield case 8 which is shown in FIG. 2 is not provided for the rear case 31 in the second preferred embodiment. Although there is no difference in the structure of the front case 3 which accommodates the LCD 7 and the printed circuit board 6 between the first and second preferred embodiments, the conductive painting 9 is provided for the inner surface of the rear case 31 except the space 33 for accommodating the internal antenna 10 in the second preferred embodiment as shown in FIGS. 4, 5. Portions of the conductive painting 9 are brought into contact with the connecting terminals 34 which extend from the reflecting plane 15. Moreover, as shown in FIG. 5, ribs 35 a, 35 b are provided for the rear case 31 so that the position of the printed circuit board 6 relative to the rear case 31 can be adjusted and determined easily.
  • Next, a process of assembling the portable communication unit according to the second preferred embodiment will be explained. [0040]
  • As shown in FIG. 4, the rear case [0041] 31 is so set on a horizontal surface that the inner surface of the rear case 31 (the conductive painting 9) is directed upward, and the internal antenna 10 is inserted into the space 33. Next, leading end portion of the connecting terminals 34 are brought into contact with the conductive painting 9. In this way, the internal antenna 10 is accommodated in the space 33 and fixed to the rear case 31. Moreover, the feeding system (the antenna metal element 14) is established within a narrow space stably.
  • Next, after the LCD [0042] 7 and the printed circuit board 6 are fixed to the front case 3 as shown in FIG. 5, the front case 3 is fitted into the rear case 31. In this step, the printed circuit board 6 are fixed on the ribs 35 a, 35 b.
  • According to the aforementioned structure, the rear case [0043] 31 brings the reflecting plane 15, the connecting terminals 34, and the conductive painting 9 into contact with each other to form a stable grounding plane having a wide area. By providing the rib 35 b for the rear case 31 and pressing the printed circuit board 6 against the aforementioned grounding plane, a part of the inner surface of the rear case which is coated with the conductive painting 9 serves as a shield case, and suppresses undesired electric waves radiated from the electronic parts 5, hence the shield case 8 which is indispensable in the first preferred embodiment shown in FIG. 2 becomes unnecessary. That is to say, the number of the structural elements can be reduced in the second preferred embodiment.
  • As mentioned in the above, according to the second preferred embodiment, since the internal antenna [0044] 10 is supported between the rear case 31 and the printed circuit board 6, the connecting terminals 34 are brought into contact with the conductive painting 9 serving as the grounding plane, and the antenna metal element 14 is brought into contact with the feeding terminal of the printed circuit board 6, there is no necessity for using a particular feeding system and soldering technique. Accordingly, the space 33 for accommodating the internal antenna 10 can be saved, and the number of the structural elements in the second preferred embodiment can be made smaller than that in the first preferred embodiment. Moreover, since a single grounding plane having a wide area can be provided stably, the efficiency of the antenna is heightened, and the fluctuation of the characteristic of the antenna can be suppressed. Furthermore, since the potential of the reflecting plane 15 is at the ground level, and the rear case 31 serves as a shield case against the undesired waves, the shielding property of the portable communication unit can be heightened.
  • Although the internal antenna serves as both the transmitting and receiving antennas in the first and second preferred embodiments, it is desirable to add a whip antenna etc. to the portable communication unit as an external antenna in order to improve the receiving characteristic thereof by the technology of the space diversity. [0045]
  • As seen from the above explanations, according to the portable communication unit according to the invention, since the internal antenna is accommodated in a space provided for the rear case, the internal antenna is supported between the rear case the printed circuit board, and the feeding point of the internal antenna is connected with the feeding terminal of the printed circuit board via the antenna metal element in which pressure is exerted on the contact surface therebetween, a soldering technique becomes unnecessary, and the fabricating process can be simplified. Moreover, since the feeding system using the leaf springs are not adopted, the space necessary for assembling the internal antenna can be saved, and the number of the structural elements can be reduced. [0046]
  • Since the internal antenna according to the invention is composed of the radiator, the reflecting plane combined with the radiator, the antenna metal element which is connected with the radiator at an output end thereof and brought into contact with the feeding terminal of the printed circuit board at an input end thereof, the conductive painting which is applied to an inner surface of the rear case and brought into contact with a grounding pattern of the printed circuit board, and the connecting terminals which connects an edge of the reflecting plane with the conductive painting via a contacting means, a soldering technique becomes unnecessary, a space for accommodating the internal antenna and accessories thereof can be saved, and the number of the structural elements can be reduced. Moreover, since the reflecting plane not only reflects the electric wave radiated from the radiator but also serves as a part of the grounding plane, the potential of the grounding plane can be stabilized, and the fluctuation of the characteristic of the antenna can be suppressed. [0047]
  • Although the invention has been described with respect to specific embodiment for complete and clear disclosure, the appended claims are not to be thus limited but are to be construed as embodying all modification and alternative constructions that may be occurred to one skilled in the art which fairly fall within the basic teaching herein set forth. [0048]

Claims (6)

    What is claimed is:
  1. 1. A portable communication unit comprising:
    a printed circuit board on which a radio unit composed of a transmitter and a receiver is mounted,
    an internal antenna which is classified into an inverted F shaped antenna or a dielectric antenna,
    an antenna metal element which is connected with a feeding point of said internal antenna at an output end thereof, and brought into contact with a feeding terminal formed on said printed circuit board at an input end thereof,
    a front case which is provided with a data-inputting key, an information-displaying means, a speaker, and a microphone, and
    a rear case which is provided with a space for accommodating said internal antenna, and fitted to said front case to form a casing,
    wherein said internal antenna is supported between said rear case and said printed circuit board.
  2. 2. A portable communication unit according to claim 1, wherein:
    said space in said rear cover for accommodating said internal antenna is a cavity which is fit for said internal antenna.
  3. 3. A portable communication unit according to claim 1, wherein:
    a conductive painting is applied to a predetermined region of an inner surface of said rear case, and brought into contact with a grounding pattern of said printed circuit board.
  4. 4. A portable communication unit according to claim 3, wherein:
    said conductive painting is applied to a region which is opposite said radio unit at least.
  5. 5. A portable communication unit according to claim 3, wherein:
    said internal antenna is composed of:
    a radiator which is situated inside said rear case and connected with said metal element,
    a reflecting plane which is situated opposite to said radiator maintaining a predetermined interval therebetween, and
    connecting terminals which connect and edge of said reflecting plane with said conductive painting.
  6. 6. An internal antenna of a portable communication unit which is accommodated in a casing composed of a front case and a rear case together with a printed circuit board, comprising:
    a radiator situated inside said rear case,
    an antenna metal element which is connected with said radiator at an output end thereof, and brought into contact with a feeding terminal formed on said printed circuit board at an input end thereof,
    a reflecting plane which is situated opposited to said radiator maintaining a predetermined interval therebetween,
    a conductive painting which is applied to an inner surface of said rear case and brought into contact with a grounding pattern of said printed circuit board, and
    connecting terminals which connect an edge of said referencing plane with said conductive painting via contacting means.
US09923730 2000-08-17 2001-08-07 Portable communication unit and internal antenna used for same Abandoned US20020022459A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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JP2000-247243 2000-08-17
JP2000247243A JP3908448B2 (en) 2000-08-17 2000-08-17 Mobile telephone device and its built-in antenna

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US11484385 US7483728B2 (en) 2000-08-17 2006-07-11 Portable communication unit and internal antenna used for same

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JP3908448B2 (en) 2007-04-25 grant
CN1350347A (en) 2002-05-22 application
GB2367189A (en) 2002-03-27 application
US7483728B2 (en) 2009-01-27 grant
US20060250312A1 (en) 2006-11-09 application
CN1264249C (en) 2006-07-12 grant
GB2367189B (en) 2003-01-15 grant
JP2002064601A (en) 2002-02-28 application
GB0119925D0 (en) 2001-10-10 grant

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