US197992A - Improvement in invalid-bed attachments - Google Patents

Improvement in invalid-bed attachments Download PDF

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US197992A
US197992A US197992DA US197992A US 197992 A US197992 A US 197992A US 197992D A US197992D A US 197992DA US 197992 A US197992 A US 197992A
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canvas
bed
invalid
cords
side
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/104Devices carried or supported by
    • A61G7/1046Mobile bases, e.g. having wheels

Description

B. D. BROWN. Invalid-Bed Attachment.4

Patented Dc. 11', 1877.

ATTORNEYS.

N.PETERS. PHOYO-LITHDGRAPMER. WASHINGTON, 03C, l

UNITED STATES r PATENT OEEIcE.

BURLINGTON D. BROWN, OF SHAMROOK, MISSOURI.

IMPROVEMENT IN INVALID- BED ATTACHMENTS.` I

. Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 197,992, dated December `l1, 1877; application iiled August 1S, 1877.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, BURLINGTON D. BROWN, of Shamrock, in the county of Calloway and State of Missouri, have invented a new and Improved Invalid-Bed, of which the following is a speciiication:

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 represents a front elevation of my improved' invalid-bed attachment;` and Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal section of the same.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.

The object of this inventicnis to furnishfor hospitals and private houses an improved ap-4 apparatus being readily moved to any bed,

and not required to be attached or form a fixture of each bed. i l

The apparatus may be readily worked by one nurse, and the patients position changed as often as desired without being subjected to pain and distress. The patient may, by this apparatus, be suspended above the bed until the latter is made up again and cooled, and is also enabled to attendto the necessary evacnations.

Canvas is attached to side pieces stretched by end cross-pieces, and raised by a portable hoisting apparatus attached by hooks to cords ofthe side pieces. A second stretched canvas extends across the head part of the main canvas, and is hinged to the side pieces of the main canvas, being raised by connection with the hoisting apparatus, either simultaneously with the main canvas, or without the same, as desired.

In the drawings, A represents a canvas of a size corresponding to that of the invalids bed. The canvas is placed upon the bed and used as a sheet, being removed from time to time for washing. The canvas A is applied at both sides to strong side pieces c, that are inclosed in casings formed at both'sides of the canvas, so as to be readily detached from the same. These tside pieces may be kept apart by stretching end pieces b, that are secured in suitable manner tothe ends of the side pieces. Each side piece a has two staples, a', to which cords d, that terminate as rings d', are attached.

At the upper part of the canvas A is arranged a second canvas, B, of about half the size of the main canvas, or less, which is attached to side pieces in the same manner as the main piece, the side pieces being hinged Vby hooks c at the lower endsto staples c' of the side pieces of the canvas, and stretched by a cross-piece, f, connecting the upper ends of the hinged side pieces. rIhe hinged canvas B is also provided with staples, to which cords g, having end rings, are applied.

A portable hoisting apparatus, that consists of an upright frame, O, placed on rollers, and of a top shaft, D, with pulleys and Windingcords, is moved astride the invalids bed, and attached by three hoisting-cords, D', and end hooks h to the side cords of the main and upper canvas. By turning the 'top shaft by means of a crank-shaft belt-and-pulley con-y nection, the hoisting-cords are wound up on the rollers of the top shaft, and thereby the stretched canvas raised to any desired height above the bed.

A spring pawl-andratchet arrangement of the top shaft retains the canvas in suspended position as long as desired.

The side cords D wind up on smaller rollers than the middle cord, which is connected to canvas B, so that the latter works quicker, and brings the patient at the same time with the raising of the main canvas into sitting position. The invalid is either simply raised by the main canvas and hoisting apparatus or made to sit up by the hinged canvas, or raised and `brought into a sitting position by the use of both canvases and the hoisting ap-y paratus, or the patient may be turned over to one side by hooking one of the hoisting-cords into the end rings ofthe cords upon the opposite side of the canvas, and then turning the crank.

lllhe side hoisting-cords D pass over side pulleys z' of the hoisting-frame, and give thereby direction to the force employed, so that the patient is turned gently to his side, being turned back vby attaching the other hoistingcord to the cords at the opposite side of the canvas. When it becomes necessary to turn the patient over entirely the stretcl'ling end pieces are removed, so that the canvas exerts a uniform pressure on the body without hurting.

The same hoisting apparatus may be employed for one bed or for a number of beds,

being readily moved from one bed to the other, as required. A

A hole' in the center of the canvas allows the patientv to evacuate, a chamber being placed below the hole after the canvas has.,

been raised to sufcient height.

In this manner the most helpless invalidA may be manipulated in quick and comfortable manner by a single nurse only, and the apparatus used in connection with the common beds, Without requiring extra invalid-bedsteads of costlyv and complicated construction.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat` ent The combination of the stretched main canvas and hinged shorter canvas, both having suspension-cords, with the cords and winding- BUnLNGToN D. BROWN.

Witnesses:

J. W. ARNOLD, J. SAM. LAIL.

US197992D Improvement in invalid-bed attachments Expired - Lifetime US197992A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6049923A (en) * 1997-10-03 2000-04-18 Ochiai; Shigeyoshi Lift for lifting and lowering body

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6049923A (en) * 1997-10-03 2000-04-18 Ochiai; Shigeyoshi Lift for lifting and lowering body

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