US1969729A - Formation or production of blocks - Google Patents

Formation or production of blocks Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1969729A
US1969729A US575120A US57512031A US1969729A US 1969729 A US1969729 A US 1969729A US 575120 A US575120 A US 575120A US 57512031 A US57512031 A US 57512031A US 1969729 A US1969729 A US 1969729A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
edges
blocks
formation
production
projection
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US575120A
Inventor
Damianik Joao
Original Assignee
Damianik Joao
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to BR1969729X priority Critical
Application filed by Damianik Joao filed Critical Damianik Joao
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1969729A publication Critical patent/US1969729A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C2201/00Paving elements
    • E01C2201/12Paving elements vertically interlocking

Description

Aug. 14, 1934.

J. DAMIANIK 1,969,729

FORMATION 0R PRODUCTION OF BLOCKS Filed Nov. 14, 1931 Patented Aug. 14, 1934 UNITED STATES I 1,969,729 FORMATION on PRODUCTION OF BLOCKS J 050 Damianik, Rio de J aneiro, Brazil Application November-'14, 1931, Serial No. 575,120 In Brazil November 18, 1930 2 Claims.

This invention relates to the formation or production of blocks such as are used for floors, wall facings or the like and they may be in the nature of bricks, tile, mosaic pieces, blocks of wood and ad the like including those structural elements used for pavements.

Usually elements employed in the construction of the foregoing have been formed with relatively straight sides or contacting edges and 110i therefore there is little diversity of contour or outline between the adjacent or contiguous elements.

It is an object of this invention to produce bricks, blocks of wood, pieces for mosaics and the .15 like employed for the purposes heretofore stated to be hereinafter referred to as elements and these are to be employed by assembling them as is customarily done for the purpose of producing wall facings, floors and the like, and it is the purf pose of the inventor to produce elements of this character whose edges are singly or compoundly curved and interlocking so that the finished structure will have curved joints due to the fact that the elements have sides which present ourgaj vilinear faces and contours and wherein only certain parts of the sides and contours in transverse section are rectilinear. By means of the invention it is possible to eliminate the monotony due to straight lines and to obtain a multitudinous variety of patterns in curved lines which result in an esthetic effect of great worth, and this has not heretofore been accomplished.

It is an object furthermore to produce these novel elements that they may be assembled with as great facility as though the edges were rectangular and to produce said elements with edges having recesses and projections which may interengage with other elements having similar recesses and projections.

v With the foregoing and other objects in view, the invention consists in the details of construction and in the arrangement and combination of parts to be hereinafter more fully set forth and claimed. 7

In describing the invention in detail, reference will be had to the accompanying drawing forming part of this specification in which like characters denote corresponding parts in the several views and in which 5 Figures 1, 2, 3, and 4, are plan views of elements of different shapes; Figure 5 is a sectional view on the line 55 of Figure 1;

Figure 6 is a sectional view on the line 66 of Figure 1;

Figure '7 is a sectional view on theline 77 of Figure 1'; g.

Figure 8 is a sectional view on the line 8-8 of Figure 1.

It is obvious that elements of other shapes may be employed and elements can of course be made triangular or rectangular.

The elements may be formed of any appropriate material and of suitable color and the inventor does not wish to be limited with respect 651 to these features.

The elements have curved edges and preferably the curves are compound. In Figure 4 for instance the side of the element is concaved as at A which represents the upper half of the thick- '10 ness of the element whereas the lower. half of this portion of the element has a convexed edge B resulting in a projection C whereas the other half of the same side of the element has a convexed edge D for its upper half and a concaved edge E for the lower half of the edge, and the edge D of course forms a projection which interengages a projection on the juxtaposed element when the elements are assembled. That portion of the edge at F is rectilinear and engages the straight side of a juxtaposed element. The example just described is applicable to the sides of the elements illustrated in the other figures of the drawing, it being understood that the projection on the upper half of the element interengages the projection on the lower half of the contiguous element and that there will be an interlocking or interengaging connection with the adjacent block or such interposed binding material as may be found desirable for use in holding the elements assembled.

For instance in Figure l which is approximately a square element, each edge has a projection on its lower half corresponding to the projection C of Figure 4 and a projection D at its upper half corresponding to that referred to in Figure 4. The edges are duplicated on the four edges of this figure and are intended to interengage similarly shaped edges of elements assembled with them regardless of whether the element is triangular or otherwise shaped.

Figure 3 shows that the projections are duplicated on two of its side edges and is similar to the edges of Figure 1 at its ends and this of course may interengage edges of elements which are triangularly or otherwise shaped.

' Moreover, it will be seen that each of the elements may be considered as divided on a plane G, centrally of its thickness, into two sections; each having convoluted edges with the convolutions of one section staggered in relation to the convolutions of the other section. Then too, it will be observed that each complete convolution consists of a concave portion and a convex por tion and that the convolutions of one section are staggered or offset to the extent of one half a convolution with respect to the convolutions of the other section. Furthermore the convoluted,

edges are formed by axes of cylinders and that square shoulders H are formed between each concave portion and the corresponding convex portion of the other section.

I claim:

1. An element of the class described having upper and lower sections protruding from the body of said element, each of said sections being substantially one half the complete thickness; of said element, the top and bottom plane of each protruding section being on the same plane with the top and bottom surface of said element, each of said protruding sections having its edges convoluted, the convolution of one section being staggered with respect to the convolution of the other section, the extreme edges 01 the said convolutions of the upper and lower sections being perpendicular to the top and bottom plane of said element, the convoluted edges being formed as arcuate cylindrical surfaces.

2. An element of the class described having three or morecsides, a series of convex and concave edges meeting eachlotheron Zeach of said sides, another set of convex and concave edges meeting each other on each of said sides and ara ranged on a lower plane than the first mentioned JoAoV DAMIANIK; 7'

US575120A 1930-11-18 1931-11-14 Formation or production of blocks Expired - Lifetime US1969729A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
BR1969729X 1930-11-18

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1969729A true US1969729A (en) 1934-08-14

Family

ID=4077392

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US575120A Expired - Lifetime US1969729A (en) 1930-11-18 1931-11-14 Formation or production of blocks

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1969729A (en)

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2605681A (en) * 1948-07-31 1952-08-05 Trief Victor Paving block
DE1115281B (en) * 1957-07-03 1961-10-19 Ludwig Borgmann Fa Cobblestone
DE1116695B (en) * 1957-08-27 1961-11-09 Josef Oldrich Schueller Shaped stone for road and floor coverings
US3093870A (en) * 1960-10-26 1963-06-18 American Mat Corp Floor mat with interlocking links
US3267823A (en) * 1963-06-10 1966-08-23 John R Macrae Stepping stones
DE1658570B1 (en) * 1967-09-01 1970-08-06 Werner Zapf Vorm Adam Zapf Fa Interlocking paving stone and stone composite of interlocking paving stones
US3859769A (en) * 1972-12-11 1975-01-14 Raymond L Watkins Interlocking modules
US3931700A (en) * 1974-08-16 1976-01-13 The Raymond Lee Organization, Inc. Surfaces produced by interlocking members
DE3025123A1 (en) * 1980-07-03 1982-04-08 Axel Lintener Multilevel interlocking heavily loadable paving stone - has sinusoidal and cosinusoidal curves for two or three dimensional bonding
US4593513A (en) * 1981-11-12 1986-06-10 Frank Stratton Building block or panel
WO1997030227A1 (en) * 1996-02-16 1997-08-21 Patentsten International Ab Asymmetric pavement tile
US6471440B1 (en) * 1998-08-17 2002-10-29 Rolf Scheiwiller Paving stone
US6536988B2 (en) * 1998-04-22 2003-03-25 Peter Geiger Construction kit made of concrete paving stones
WO2012035365A1 (en) * 2010-09-15 2012-03-22 Balint Adam Interlocking building block, paving unit, tile or toy element and the construction method thereof
US8667752B2 (en) 2010-06-25 2014-03-11 Robert Pollack Interlocking construction systems and methods
US20140140766A1 (en) * 2012-11-16 2014-05-22 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems Llc Connection surface for a structural unit
US9732523B2 (en) 2015-07-24 2017-08-15 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems Llc Connection surface for a structural unit and method of making same
US9809971B2 (en) * 2016-02-25 2017-11-07 Spherical Block LLC Architectural building block

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2605681A (en) * 1948-07-31 1952-08-05 Trief Victor Paving block
DE1115281B (en) * 1957-07-03 1961-10-19 Ludwig Borgmann Fa Cobblestone
DE1116695B (en) * 1957-08-27 1961-11-09 Josef Oldrich Schueller Shaped stone for road and floor coverings
US3093870A (en) * 1960-10-26 1963-06-18 American Mat Corp Floor mat with interlocking links
US3267823A (en) * 1963-06-10 1966-08-23 John R Macrae Stepping stones
DE1658570B1 (en) * 1967-09-01 1970-08-06 Werner Zapf Vorm Adam Zapf Fa Interlocking paving stone and stone composite of interlocking paving stones
US3859769A (en) * 1972-12-11 1975-01-14 Raymond L Watkins Interlocking modules
US3931700A (en) * 1974-08-16 1976-01-13 The Raymond Lee Organization, Inc. Surfaces produced by interlocking members
DE3025123A1 (en) * 1980-07-03 1982-04-08 Axel Lintener Multilevel interlocking heavily loadable paving stone - has sinusoidal and cosinusoidal curves for two or three dimensional bonding
US4593513A (en) * 1981-11-12 1986-06-10 Frank Stratton Building block or panel
WO1997030227A1 (en) * 1996-02-16 1997-08-21 Patentsten International Ab Asymmetric pavement tile
US6536988B2 (en) * 1998-04-22 2003-03-25 Peter Geiger Construction kit made of concrete paving stones
US6471440B1 (en) * 1998-08-17 2002-10-29 Rolf Scheiwiller Paving stone
US8667752B2 (en) 2010-06-25 2014-03-11 Robert Pollack Interlocking construction systems and methods
WO2012035365A1 (en) * 2010-09-15 2012-03-22 Balint Adam Interlocking building block, paving unit, tile or toy element and the construction method thereof
CN103649433A (en) * 2010-09-15 2014-03-19 阿代姆·巴林茨 Interlocking building block, paving unit, tile or toy element and the construction method thereof
US8961258B2 (en) 2010-09-15 2015-02-24 Adám Bálint Interlocking building block, paving unit, tile or toy element and the construction method thereof
RU2570049C2 (en) * 2010-09-15 2015-12-10 Адам БАЛИНТ Component of prefabricated structure, paving block, facing tile, or component of toy with lock-on connection, and method for their creation
CN103649433B (en) * 2010-09-15 2016-11-23 阿代姆·巴林茨 Building block, unit of paving the way, ceramic tile or the game element of interlocking and building method thereof
US20140140766A1 (en) * 2012-11-16 2014-05-22 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems Llc Connection surface for a structural unit
EP2920367A4 (en) * 2012-11-16 2016-04-27 Keystone Retaining Wall System Connection surface for a structural unit
US9732523B2 (en) 2015-07-24 2017-08-15 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems Llc Connection surface for a structural unit and method of making same
US9809971B2 (en) * 2016-02-25 2017-11-07 Spherical Block LLC Architectural building block

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2930135A (en) Tile setting gauge
US1898297A (en) Building blocks
US1823039A (en) Jointed lumber
EP0114263B1 (en) Paving block
US3947192A (en) Paving block
US2204675A (en) Flooring
US1644710A (en) Prefinished flooring
US5503498A (en) Paving stone with lateral spacers
US1495070A (en) Strip shingle
US1312056A (en) Obnamental panel ob covebing
US2068118A (en) Covering material
US1778069A (en) Wood-block flooring
US1778333A (en) Manufacture of lumber
CA2841759C (en) Building unit with cobble top
US1862852A (en) Roofing and siding element
US2152694A (en) Hardwood flooring
US2113076A (en) Wood block flooring
US1622103A (en) Hardwood block flooring
US1694665A (en) Tile
US2108226A (en) Composition tile
US2063935A (en) Siding material
US2338035A (en) Cap panel for caskets
EP3276104B1 (en) Herringbone surface decorative material and manufacturing method thereof
US2162777A (en) Design producing tile
US1843024A (en) Wood block flooring