US1921843A - Furnace wall - Google Patents

Furnace wall Download PDF

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Publication number
US1921843A
US1921843A US561385A US56138531A US1921843A US 1921843 A US1921843 A US 1921843A US 561385 A US561385 A US 561385A US 56138531 A US56138531 A US 56138531A US 1921843 A US1921843 A US 1921843A
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Prior art keywords
bricks
retaining
brick
stepped
furnace
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Expired - Lifetime
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US561385A
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John A Schruefer
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BIGELOW LIPTAK CORP
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BIGELOW LIPTAK CORP
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Priority to US561385A priority Critical patent/US1921843A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D1/00Casings; Linings; Walls; Roofs
    • F27D1/0003Linings or walls
    • F27D1/004Linings or walls comprising means for securing bricks

Description

Aug. 8, 1933. J. A. SCHRUEFERv FURNACE WALL Filed Sept. 5, 1951 Patented Aug. 8, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENr oFFlcE FUBNACE WALL John A. Schruefer, Ferndale, Mich., assignor to Bigelow-Liptak Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a Corporation of Michigan Application September 5, 1931. Serial No. 561,385
17 Claims.
My invention pertains to the refractory or heat-insulating walls of furnaces and the like, and relates more particularly to improved and .novel means for supporting the refractory .or
insulating bricks or blocks on the sustaining metal framework in such a manner that they may be inserted in place and may be demounted.
from the outside of the wall.
Heretofore, it has been customary to make the construction such that the bricks or blocks are capable of insertion or removal inwardly of the furnace rather than outwardly from the wall, and such earlier structures necessitated the extinguishment of the fire in order tor permit the required replacement of the damaged bricks,
Whereas my present improvement allows change simplicity, have been employed to designate the same parts throughout the several views.
In this drawing,
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary, vertical section through the furnace side wall;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view of "a wall looking at it from the inside of the furnace; and
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary portion of the wall as viewed from the outside.
Referring to this drawing, it will be noted that, in this instance, the metal framework of the furnace wall comprises a plurality of parallel, upright I-beams 11, 11 suitably spaced apart as shown, andv on these, by means of bolts l2, 12 or other suitable securing means, are mounted the required number of horizontally-arranged, vertically-separated Z-bars 13, 13, each having anouter,A upstanding flange 14 bolted against the inner surfaces of the vertical posts or beams 11, 11 and an inwardly-projecting, horizontal web 15 forming "a ledge or shelf equipped at its inner edge with a depending or downwardly-l projecting fiange or hook portion 16.
The refractory or heat-insulating bricks or :blocks of the wall are of two types or styles 17 15 and the bricks 18 resting on the other bricks 17 and locking or securing them in place.
Each brick 17 has a flat, vertical, back surface 19 which may or may not bear against the flange 14, and a horizontal plane surface 21 of about 60 the width of, and designed to bear on, one of the ledges or shelves 15.-
It also has a Vertical, lower, back or outer` face 22 which may or may not rest against the inner surface of th e downwardly-extended flange 16, and a smooth, inner, vertical surface 20 exposed to the heat of the furnace.
As is clearly shown, the top of the brick or block 17 has a downwardly, inwardly, sloping, stepped surface 23 with, the intermediate 70 shoulder 24.
That part of the brick inwardly of its supporting ledge has arbottom face 2'5' which inclines downwardly inwardly, and which is also stepped, having a shoulder 26. l y
Each brick 18 has a bottom, sloping, stepped or shouldered surface 27 complementary to, and interlocking with, the upper surface of the correlated brick 17, and it has a sloping, stepped, top surface 28 mating, matching and interlock- 80 ing with the under surface of the companion brick 17 above.
Also, each brick 18 has an upward extension 29 adapted to t beneath the adjacent ledge 15 and behind its retaining flange 16.
l As is clearly illustrated, the inner surfaces of the bricks 18 are in alignment or register with the corresponding surfaces 20 of bricks 17.
As presented in Fig. 2, the bricks 17 of the several rows are staggered with relation to the bricks 18 of the other rows, so that the joints or slight spaces between the bricks are offset or arranged in broken relation.
Owing to the stepped or shoulderedk top and bottom surfaces of the bricks and the staggered disposition of the bricks in adjacent rows, adequate and effective protection is afforded to the metal work from the heat of the furnace.
The staggering or offsetting of the rows of bricks or blocks is not essential, and may be dispensed with if desired. i
Further, the shouldered or stepped structure of the bricks or blocks may be omitted if preferred, and the degree of slope of the contacting surfaces of the `bricks may be anything which the circumstances dictate, and the inclination of such brick lfaces may be done away with if found to be of benefit.
Assuming that all of the bricks are in their 1 0 proper positions in the wou, it will be obvious 1 blocks 18 may be removed outwardly of the wall by merely sliding it or them, as the case may be, out of place, as shown, in one instance, in dotted 5 lines in Fig. 1.
In case it is' desired to demount one of the bricks 17 and the rows of bricks are in the staggered or offset arrangement shown in Fig. 2, the operator removes one of the two bricks 18 immediately above it, which gives access to the brick 17 in question, and then while 'holding the latter through the opening thus provided to prevent it from falling inwardly into the furnace, he takes'out the other overlying brick 18, which operation then allows him to remove the brick 17 outwardly of the wall by rst lifting it into the space provided by the removed bricks 18.
In mounting the bricksv on the wall, the brick 17 is first placed in position on the frame froml the outside of the wall, and then the one or more locking or retaining bricks is or are readily slid into place from the outside, and such overlying brick or bricks assures the prevention of inward displacement of the brick 17.
As will vbe readily understood, the bricks 18 cannot move inwardly beyond normal position by reason of the engagement of their portions 29 with the flanges 16, and the bricks 17 cannot shift inwardly because they are locked in place by the bricks 18.
From what precedes, it will be apparent that the novel and improved wall is of simple structure, and that the refractory or heat-insulating-blocks or bricks may be easily mounted in position and as readily removed when occasion requires.
Although only one desirable embodiment of the invention has been'illustrated and described, it should be borne in mind that the invention, as defined by the appended claims, is susceptible of a variety of embodiments differing more or less in details from the structure shown.
Whereas, in the drawing, I have shown one edge of the bricks 17 as rounded or curved at 31, itis to be remembered that, while this is a desirable characteristic, it is not essential to the satisfactory employment of the wall.
It might be noted in passing, that to remove the refractory shape or block opposite any one of the vertical supporting members, it is necessary to remove one or more of the adjoining bricks in the same row to provide clearance for the horizontal shifting of the brick or block to permit it to escape the Vertical column during its subsequent removal from the wall.
The bricks 17 may bear against the iiange or abutment 14 or 16, or both, and, in either case, they will be retained in proper position.
In many instances, the damaged or injured bricks, instead of being demounted or removed in the manner indicated, may be chipped or broken to pieces and disposed of in that Way, thus providing space for the introduction of the new bricks in the manner stated.
In some cases, it may be desirable to cement together the bricks 17 and the bricks 18 above by a high-temperature cement which so unites such bricks as to form a unitary structure; and, obviously, in order to dispose of injured bricks in that instance, they would have to be broken away during removal, after which occurrence new bricks could be readily inserted in the way indicated hereinbefore.
I claim:
1. In a furnace wall, the combination of that one or more of the key or locking bricks or spaced upright supports, horizontal verticallyseparated ledge members and a like number of retaining 'means carried on said supports, horizontal rows of bricks resting on said ledges and having depending portions in front of the retaining means adjacent to the corresponding ledge, and intermediate horizontal rows of locking-bricks overlying said other bricks and having upward extensions accommodated under said ledges and outside of said retaining means, whereby the bricks may be inserted in place from the outside of the wall whereupon the locking-bricks may be similarly introduced into position.
2. A construction as set forth in claim 1 in which the locking-bricks rest on the other bricks.
3. A construction as set forth in claim 1 in lwhich the retaining means are on and depend from the ledge members.
4. A construction as set forth in claim 1 in whichthe ledge members are Z-bars with their outer flanges upstanding and secured to the upright supports, their inner depending fianges forming the retaining means.
5. In a furnace-wall, the combination of spaced upright supports, horizontal vertically separated ledge members and a like number of retaining means carried on said supports, horizontal rows of bricks resting on said ledges and having depending portions in front of the retaining means adjacent to the corresponding ledges, each of said bricks having a downwardly, inwardly, sloping top surface and a similar bottom surface for its said depending portion, and intermediate horizontal rows of lockingbricks overlying said other bricks and having upward extensions accommodated under said ledges and outside of said retaining means, each of said locking-bricks having top and bottom downwardly, inwardly, sloping surfaces conforming to the bottom and top surfaces of the first bricks, whereby the bricks may be inserted in place from the outside of the wall whereupon the locking-bricks may be similarly introduced into position.
6. A construction as set forth in claim 5 in which the locking-bricks rest on the other bricks and in which the ledge members are Z-.bars with their outer flanges upstanding and secured to the upright supports, their inner .depending flanges forming the retaining means.
' 7. In a furnace-wall, the combination of spaced upright supports, horizontal verticallyseparated ledge members and a like number of retaining means carried on said supports, horizontal rows of bricks resting on said ledges and having depending portions in front of the retaining means adjacent to the corresponding ledges, each of said bricks having a top stepped surface and a bottom stepped surface for its den depending portion, and intermediate horizontal Z-bars with their outer anges upstanding and secured to the upright supports, their inner depending flanges forming the retaining means.
9. In a furnace-wall, .the combination of spaced upright supports, horizontal verticallyseparated ledge members anda like number of retaining means carried on said supports, horizontal rows of bricks resting on said ledges and having depending portions in front of the retaining means adjacent to the corresponding ledges, each of said bricks having a stepped inwardly, sloping top surface and a similar stepped inclined bottom surface for its said depending portion, and intermediate horizontal rows of locking-bricks overyling said other bricks and having upward extensions accommodated under said ledges and outside of said retaining means, each of said locking-bricks having stepped, inwardly, sloping top and bottom surfaces conforming to theadjacent surfaces of the bricks immediately below and above them, whereby the bricks may be inserted in place from the outside of the wall whereupon the locking-bricks may be similarly introduced into position.
10. A construction as set forth in claim 9 in which the locking-bricks rest on the other bricks and in which the ledge members are Z-bars with their outer flanges upstanding' and secured to the upright supports, their inner depending flanges forming the retaining means.
11. A construction as set forth in claim 1 in which the vertical joints between the locking bricks and those between the other bricks are horizontally offset.
12. A refractory or heat-insulating block having front and back upright substantially-parvsurface and the upper margin of said front surface, and a sloping bottom surface connecting said back and front surfaces and at an obtuse angle to said back surface.v
13. A block as specified in claim 12 in which the first-mentioned sloping surface is stepped.
14. A block as specified in claim 12 in which the second-mentioned sloping surface is stepped.
15. A refractory or heat-insulating block having front and back upright substantially-parallel surfaces, a sloping top surface at an obtuse angle to said front surface land connecting said front and back surfaces, and a bottom face composed of a surface intermediate the height of the block at right angles to, and extended toward said front surface from said back surface, an upright surface substantially parallel to said front and back surfaces and joining the inner margin of said intermediate surface, and a sloping surface at an obtuse anglev to said intermediate surface and connecting the lower margin of said last-mentioned upright surface and the lower margin of said `front surface.
16. A block as specified in claim 15 in which the first-mentioned sloping surfaceis stepped.
17. A block as specified in claim 15 in which the last-mentioned sloping surface is stepped.
JOHN A. SCHRUEFER.
US561385A 1931-09-05 1931-09-05 Furnace wall Expired - Lifetime US1921843A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011005997A1 (en) 2009-07-08 2011-01-13 Berry Metal Company Apparatus and method for frame and brick constructions
US10533802B2 (en) 2009-07-08 2020-01-14 Macrae Technologies, Inc. Furnace bricks, coolers, and shells/bindings operating in systemic balance

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011005997A1 (en) 2009-07-08 2011-01-13 Berry Metal Company Apparatus and method for frame and brick constructions
US20120104670A1 (en) * 2009-07-08 2012-05-03 Berry Metal Company Apparatus and method for frame and brick constructions
EP2452126A4 (en) * 2009-07-08 2015-02-25 Berry Metal Co Apparatus and method for frame and brick constructions
US9102990B2 (en) * 2009-07-08 2015-08-11 Berry Metal Company Apparatus and method for frame and brick constructions
US10533802B2 (en) 2009-07-08 2020-01-14 Macrae Technologies, Inc. Furnace bricks, coolers, and shells/bindings operating in systemic balance

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