US1919823A - Portable crane - Google Patents

Portable crane Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1919823A
US1919823A US590383A US59038332A US1919823A US 1919823 A US1919823 A US 1919823A US 590383 A US590383 A US 590383A US 59038332 A US59038332 A US 59038332A US 1919823 A US1919823 A US 1919823A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
crane
hoist
screws
trucks
lumber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US590383A
Inventor
Robert T Bowling
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Potlatch Forests Inc
Original Assignee
Potlatch Forests Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Potlatch Forests Inc filed Critical Potlatch Forests Inc
Priority to US590383A priority Critical patent/US1919823A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1919823A publication Critical patent/US1919823A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C19/00Cranes comprising trolleys or crabs running on fixed or movable bridges or gantries
    • B66C19/02Cranes comprising trolleys or crabs running on fixed or movable bridges or gantries collapsible
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C7/00Runways, tracks or trackways for trolleys or cranes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C2700/00Cranes
    • B66C2700/03Cranes with arms or jibs; Multiple cranes
    • B66C2700/0321Travelling cranes
    • B66C2700/0328Cranes on rails or on rail vehicles
    • B66C2700/035Construction details related to the travelling, to the supporting of the crane or to the blocking of the axles; Outriggers; Coupling of the travelling mechanism to the crane mechanism

Description

July 25, R T BOWLING PORTABLE CRANE Filed Feb. 2, 1932 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Inventor A 0DR7 7: 50w m5 By W x v I A orney July 25,1933. R T- BQWLING 1,919,823
PORTABLE CRANE Filed Feb. 2, 1932 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 1 7021507 Z Bum/H5 Inventor Attorney 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 a m w d a m m & 2 w 1n m z y x n QUEER? ZBDWLl/YE R. T. BOWLING PORTABLE CRANE Filed Feb. 2, 1932' July 25, 1933. R BOWUNG 1,919,823
PORTABLE CRANE Filed Feb. 1932 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 A 055? 7' 7: Ba WLl/YE In uentor Altorney Fatented July 25, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ROBERT (LR-BOWLING, or LEWISTON, iDAI-IO, Assieiion 'ro POTLATGI-I roims'rs, INC.,
- or LEWISTON, IDAHO PORTABLE on i vn Application filed' February 2,1932. Serial No. 590,383. I
My present invention relates to an improved portable crane of the railway type, employing a crane and screw operated hoist or elevator of the sling type, and the subject matter of the present invention forms part of the lumber piling implement shown and described in my co-pending application for patent Serial Number 544,438 filed June 15, 1931. Y r
While the implement of which my present application forms a part may be employed for transferring various materials, the crane is particularly designed for use in lumber plants, where the crane is conveyed about the plant or yard on railway trucks traveling on narrow gage tracks. In the utilization of the improved crane two tracks are employed, one for the crane and the other for the dolly or truck o'n which the lumber in piles is .conveyed to and from kilns, storage sheds, the saw-mill, and other locations, and the portable crane may be moved from place to place on its track for various operations. While I have illustrated the crane as building up a lumber stack from piles that are conveyed on successive dollies to the crane, it will of course be understood that various other operations may be carried out in the handling or transferring of lumber and other materials, by means of the improved crane.
The lumber is handled in bundles, packages or piles, in the sling of the elevator or hoist, and consequently this handling of the material in large bulks can be accomplished with a substantial saving in material,-time, labor, and expense.
My invention consists in certain novel combinations and arrangements of parts in the crane whereby the latter 'may with facility make the sharp curves of the railway tracks when being moved from place to place in the lumber yard or plant; in the construction and operation of the screw operated hoist or elevator; and in other associations of parts, rendering the implement facile in its control, and smooth in its operations of transferring heavy, bulky loads.
The operating parts are supplied with power.
to electric motors on the implement from supply stations located at intervals along the tracks of the system, and in addition to the man on the implement in control of the operating mechanism, two men are employed for handling the lumber as it is arranged in the sling, guiding the load while in the sling,'and depositing the load, either in a I stack, or for loading a pile from a stack to a dolly.
Figure 1 is a view of the implement complete, showing by dotted lines, the crane standing by astack and over a dolly, and in full lines showing the crane at the opposite side of the implement and in position to deposit its load of lumber in the erection of a stack.
Figure 2 is a side view of the implement showing the crane with a load in its sling, indicating by dotted lines how the load may be turned with its swivel-sling, and showing also piles that have been deposited in the erection of a stack.
Figure 3 is an enlarged, detail sectional view at the upper end of one of the two operating screws for the hoist or elevator.
Figure 4 is a detail sectional view of one of the vertically moving guides for the crane and showing the relation of the operating screw thereto. I v Figure 5 is a transverse, horizontal, sectional view on line 55 of Fig. 2 of one of the masts of the crane, showing also an operating screw in its relation thereto.
" Figure 6 is a detail top plan view atone end of the braced beam of the crane, showing by dotted lines the relative movement in a horizontal plane between the supporting beam of the crane and its upright masts and screws.
Figure 7 is a plan View showing two parallel tracks at a curve with the implement traveling on one track, and indicating the articulation between the crane beam'and its masts to permit turning of curves in the railway system or tracka-ge.
Figure 8 is an enlarged detail elevation showing the propulsion mechanism for the crane and the screw operating mechanism for the hoist, and Figure 9 is a top plan view of these mechanisms showing the tower in section as at line'99 of Figure 8.
In Figure 1 the pile of lumber A has been lifted from the dolly D, and the successive piles, lifted from successive dollies, are stacked as indicated in Figure 2, the portable crane of my invention traveling alternately to the right and left in Figure 1 for transferring the successive loads.
The lumber yard is equipped with a narrow gage railway system comprising paral lel tracks as 1, 2, for the implement, and 3, 4, for dolly, and both the implement and the dollies may be driven or hauled by electric motors from station to station in the yard or plant.
The portable implement is supported upon two spaced, four-wheel trucks 5 and 6, with their wheels 7 rolling on the rails 12 or 3-4 of the parallel tracks of the railway system, and the trucks are coupled by means of a bar or link 8, with couplings at 9, 9, to the respective trucks.
. Upon each truck 5 and 6, is mounted a tower, as 14, 15, which form the uprights of the portable crane, and the crane travels transversely of the railway tracks on sup porting rail-sections 10 fixed transversely of the trucks, and also upon pairs of hinged, foldable rail sections 11 and 12 mounted on the trucks at opposite sides thereof and adapted to be supported by a number of jacks 13. The rail sections 10 fixed to the trucks, and the lateral foldable sections 11 and 12 thus form a pair of supporting rails one for each tower of the crane, and the crane as a unit is adapted to travel back and forth on these spaced parallel rails orvv tracks.
Each tower 14, 15, is constructed of channel beams 16 and 17 and fabricated metal, and as indicated in Figure 1 the towers taper toward their upper ends, with a central vertical I-beam 18 rigidly secured in each tower and with the adjoining flanges 19 of the beams projecting slightly from the inner sides of the towers, as best seen in Figure 5.
At its base, each tower is provided with a pair of spaced, grooved rollers or Wheels 20 to roll on the rails 10, 11, 12, and to provide a wide bearing for supporting the towers on the rails, and between the two crane-towers a screw operated hoist is mounted for raising and lowering a load.
The screw operated hoist includes a horizontal beam 21 that spans the space between the two masts 18, 18, of the towers, and at its ends the beam is provided with bearing bosses 22 having smooth bores that surround, but do not operatively engage the threads of a pair of operating screw bars 23 and 24. These screw bars are vertically arranged parallel with the masts, and they are supported at their lower ends to revolve in bearings 25 rigid with the respective trucks 5 and 6. At their upper ends, as shown in Figure 3 the screw bars have smooth bearings journ aled at 26 in the overhanging bearing brackets 27 rigidly attached at the tops of the two masts or towers.
Roller bearings 28 and bearing collars 29 for the screws are mounted above thebrackets, and the bearings are seated on the brackets by means of the dished concave plate 30 and the convex bearing plate 31, to insure proper alinement for the bearings. A look nut 32 on the screw and a cotter pin 33 are employed for preventing displacement of parts, and the bearing is capped by a housing as 34 for usual protective functions.
In its vertical movement the hoist is raised by the screws and guided by means of vertically spaced guide blocks 35 and 36, one pair of blocks for each screw and its complementary mast. These tubular guide blocks have smooth bores surrounding the screws, and screw threaded traveling nuts 37 are mounted in the blocks for engagement with the screws, as best seen in Figure 4. As best seen in Figure 2 the upper slide blocks 36 support the beam 21 and the bosses 22 at the ends of the beam rest upon the guide blocks or slide blocks. The lower guide blocks 35 are provided with bushings 23 which are rigidly connected to the beam by diagonal braces or triangular yokes 23a fixed to the beam.
As best seen in Figure 5 each guide block is fashioned with a pair of guide flanges or flanged plates 38 secured by bolts 38 at opposite sides of the web of a mast, and overlapping the inner flange 19 of the mast to form a guide groove at each edge thereof to guide the vertical movement of the guide block.
In Figures 8 and 9 it will be seen that each screw 23, 24, is driven from an electric motor 39 mounted in a suitable frame at the base of the tower, and by means of the chain drive 39 to the shaft 40, power is transmitted through the driving chain 41 to the reduced sprocket gear 42 on the lower end of the screw. The electric motor 38 is of the reversible type, and is controlled to revolve the screw in alternately opposite directions for raising or lowering the hoist.
The two operating screws are turned in unison, and the elevator hoist, through the instrumentality of the traveling nuts 37 on the operating screws, will be positively lifted, or lowered by action of gravity.
Figures Sand 9 also show the operating means for propelling the crane on its tracks 10, 11, 12, from a reversible electric motor 43 mounted on a frame at the base of the tower. Each tower has a driving mechanism, and the motor transmits power through the chain drive 44 to the worm gear 45 shown in dotted lines as enclosed in the housing or gear box 46, and an operating shaft 47 transmits power through the two chain drives 48 and 49 to the sprockets 50, 50 on the shafts 51 of the wheels or rollers 20 of the towers.
The beam 21 of the hoist, supports a traveling, swiveled, sling in which the pile A is ably carried, and the beam is preferably made up of channel irons, suitably joined and braced, and provided with exterior horizontal flanges 52 upon which the rollers or wheels 53 (two at each side of the beam 21) of the sling-carriage 54, may travel or roll,
as the sling, with its load is guided manuall 2i swivel head 55 is supported at the underside of the carriage 54, and the swivel bar 56 of the sling is mounted to turn on the head. Two pairs of sling-links 57 one pair at each side of the pile A, are suspended by hooks 58 of the swivel bar, and at their lower ends, beneath the pile A, these links are joined by cross bars 59, spaced apart, and provided with end hooks 60 for detachable connection with the sling links. I
Before the pile A is lifted by the crane, the cross bars 59 are placed in position beneath the pile, and while the pile is supported on the dolly D in Figurel. In manipulating. the sling, the two pairs of links 57 having been suspended from the swivel-bar 56, are hooked to the projecting ends of the cross bars 59, after which the crane and its load may be raised to position of Figures 1 and2.
The load or pile may be shifted with the carriage longitudinally of the beam 21, and the pile may be turned to desired position as indicated by dotted lines in Figure 2,
through the instrumentality of the swivel bar 56 and the swivel head 55, these movements being accomplished manually.
One of the trucks is provided with a control platform 61 to accommodate the control man, who stands in position where he has ready access to the control board 61. Suitsions of the two fixed rail sections 10, inn
order that the traveling crane may run out at either side of the trucks.
When the implement is to be towed or hauled over the tracks 1, 2, or 3, 4, the crane is moved to position on the fixed rails 10 of the twotrucks, and centered or balanced over these two trucks, with the hinged sections 11 and 12 folded against the opposite sides of the two towers. It will be apparent that the articulated or coupled trucks, and the pivotal arrangement of the crane at 22 and 35 with the screws, permit the implement to turn curves in the railway, as indicated in Figure 7, and by dotted lines in Figure 6, the two trucks being flexible in their coupling connection, and the crane having a swiveled support by means of the bearings 35 and 36 on the two screws 23 and 24.
The towers and masts provide a stable support for. the hoist, when the latter is bea ing reciprocated vertically, and the beam 21 and its end braces39 provide an adequate joining member between the two masts or towers to hold together the towers, while the coupling bar or line 8 also joins the trucks of the crane, V
' The braces 39, which may be welded to .the beam 21, and which at their lower ends are joined with the bushings 23, strengthen the hoist, and provide bearings that are spaced from the bearings 36, to insure stability in the relation between the beam and,
the screws.
While I have shown and described one exemplification of the portable crane, and illustrated its use in removing piles of lumber from the dollies and erecting stacks of lumber from these successive piles, it will be apparent that various other operations of the services of threemen, one on the control platform 61, another to fasten the sling about the pile of lumber, and the third man with a pair of spaced, articulated trucks,
and a fixed, transversely disposed track on each truck, of a wheeled tower supported on each truck and propelling means for each tower, a screw mounted on each tower and separate means for turning the screws, a vertically' reciprocable hoist, and guides rigid with the hoist and in driving relation to said screws, for said hoist.
2. In an articulated portable crane of the railway type, the combination with a pair of towers, and masts rigid with the towers, of screws mounted on the towers a hoist disposed between said screws, guide means mounted at the ends of the hoist for nonthreaded co-action with the screws, a pair of guide blocks mounted on the screws and rigidly connected with the hoist, a second pair of guide blocks on the screws loosely supporting the hoist, traveling nuts mounted in said pairs of guide blocks and engaging the screws, and guide flanges on said masts for said blocks. 1
3. In a portable lumber piler, the combination with spaced portable supports, and a fixed transversely disposed track-rail rigid with each support, of a self-propelled .wheeled tower mounted on each track-rail,
, ROBERT T. BOWLING.
86 the crane may be accomplished,usually by I
US590383A 1932-02-02 1932-02-02 Portable crane Expired - Lifetime US1919823A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US590383A US1919823A (en) 1932-02-02 1932-02-02 Portable crane

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US590383A US1919823A (en) 1932-02-02 1932-02-02 Portable crane

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1919823A true US1919823A (en) 1933-07-25

Family

ID=24362027

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US590383A Expired - Lifetime US1919823A (en) 1932-02-02 1932-02-02 Portable crane

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1919823A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2683432A (en) * 1948-07-31 1954-07-13 American Car & Foundry Co Welding machine
US2990899A (en) * 1958-11-24 1961-07-04 Bella Isabelle D De Bed patient weighing means
US2996206A (en) * 1953-08-12 1961-08-15 Otis Elevator Co Vehicular loader
US3120316A (en) * 1958-09-25 1964-02-04 Trianco Ltd Loading aids

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2683432A (en) * 1948-07-31 1954-07-13 American Car & Foundry Co Welding machine
US2996206A (en) * 1953-08-12 1961-08-15 Otis Elevator Co Vehicular loader
US3120316A (en) * 1958-09-25 1964-02-04 Trianco Ltd Loading aids
US2990899A (en) * 1958-11-24 1961-07-04 Bella Isabelle D De Bed patient weighing means

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104355122A (en) Conveyor of lifting roller machine
SK273587A3 (en) Travelling device for taking off or laying, and also for transport of track panels
US3212654A (en) Apparatus for loading and unloading goods
PL176099B1 (en) Apparatus for transporting prefabricated railway track sections
US2869734A (en) Hoist unit
US4773332A (en) Mobile apparatus for loading, transporting and laying an assembled track section
US1919823A (en) Portable crane
US4873738A (en) Apparatus for stripping concrete forms from bridge structures
US2644593A (en) Material lifting and transferring apparatus
US3786936A (en) Overhead crane apparatus
CN204211152U (en) A conveyer is rolled in a kind of lifting
RU2072015C1 (en) Device for laying and replacing members of railway track and method for replacing members of railway track
US2836311A (en) Apparatus for handling block material
US1919822A (en) Piling implement
US4377369A (en) Apparatus for loading and unloading railway cars
US3259250A (en) Climbing gantry crane
RU2298606C1 (en) Rail lengths stockpiling device
US1534020A (en) Tractor bridge crane
CN212862870U (en) Conveying system
RU2140478C1 (en) Track-laying machine
US1340458A (en) Portable freight-stacking elevator
US3095984A (en) Article handling equipment
CN210313214U (en) Telescopic structure of crane
KR20210119753A (en) Driving vehicle for carrying PC girders
RU2400590C1 (en) Railway slip switch assembly belt line