US187787A - Improvement in folding chairs - Google Patents

Improvement in folding chairs Download PDF

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US187787A
US187787A US187787DA US187787A US 187787 A US187787 A US 187787A US 187787D A US187787D A US 187787DA US 187787 A US187787 A US 187787A
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back
seat
improvement
frame
chair
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C4/00Foldable, collapsible or dismountable chairs
    • A47C4/04Folding chairs with inflexible seats
    • A47C4/18Folding chairs with inflexible seats having a frame made of metal
    • A47C4/20Folding chairs with inflexible seats having a frame made of metal with legs pivotably connected to seat or underframe

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT FFIGE..

IMPROVEMENT IN FQL'DING CHAIRS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 187,737, dated February 27, 1877 application iiled Aprn 24, 1875.

To all whom t may concern Be it known that I, EDWARD W. VAILL, of Worcester, in -the county of Worcester and State of Massachusetts, have invented an Improvement in Folding' Chairs, of which the following is a specification:

The present invention relates to that class ofchairs in which the back and back legs form one frame, and a rigid seat or seat-frame is jointed to the back frame, and there are foldw ing front legs; and this invention is an improvement on that for which Letters Patent No. 40,526 were granted to Albert D. Whitmore, November 3, 1863.

The front legs are continued above the seat and inclined backward toward the chair-back in order that the arm-pieces extending from the Lipper ends of the legs to the back may be short, and form, with the upper ends of the front legs, braces between the back and seat, to give rigidity to the chair and prevent it folding or changing its shape when in use.

In the drawing, Figure l is a vertical section of the chair, as unfolded for use, and Fig. 2 is a similar section, but with the chair nearly folded.

The back frame is made of the side pieces a a, that also form the back legs, and these are connected by rails or stretchers b, and the entire back frame may be made more or less ornamental.

The seat c is made rigid,.or ofa rigid frame, It will generally be upholstered, caned, or otherwise prepared for use. The front legs cl d extend above the seat, and they also incline toward the back. They are united by joints or hinges, at their upper ends e, to the arm-pieces f, and these in turn are jointedto the back a, and these legs'and arms may be more orless ornamental, and there may be rungs or stretchers uniting Vthe lower portions of the front legs. The seat or'seat-frame c is hinged to both the back frame and to the front legs. The hinges may be made by pivot pins or screws or bolts passing through the respective parts, as at l m, Fig. 2, or there may be rungs or stretehers between the respective legs, and metal loops o passed around them and screwed to the under side of the seat, as seen in Fig. 1. The parts are proportioned so that the seat will fold up against the back, the arms fold up at the sides of the back frame, and the frontA legs close against and parallel withthe back frame, or nearly` so, in order that the chair may occupy but little room when folded.

To prevent the chair swinging or rocking backward or forward when in use, by turning upon the respective joints, I make use of stops, which may be upon the back, as at s,`against which the back portions of the seat or seatframe come in contact when the chair is unfolded for use, as in Fig. l, or such stops may be the cross-bar at the bottom portion of the back, as seen in Fig. 2, or a diagonal brace or braces may be employed, extending from the back legs to the seat-frame, as in the aforesaid patent of Whitmore, and. as shown by dotted lines in Fig. 1.4 If desired, there may be slot ted sectors or quadrants of metal attached to the back at its union with the seat, in which slots pins move as the seat swings, as illustrated in the detached view, Fig. 3, or the metal suspending-links sh/own in Fig. 4 may be used, so as to allow the seat to swing out from the back as it -is folded. This chair is very strong, durable, and can be made up in many styles, and more or less elaborate and handsome.

I am aware that a folding chair has been made with front legs extending above the `seat, and arm-pieces hinged at their ends to the back and the upper ends of the front legs, as in Letters Patent No. 82,755. In this case the parts are not braced, as the joints are in line, or nearly so, with each other both horizontally and vertically.

4I claim as my invention- The front legs d d of the folding chair speci-l ed, connected, by joints, to the seat-frame, and extending above the seat at an inclination toward' the chairback, and united, by the hinged arm-pieces f, to such back, and forming braces between the respective parts, substantially as set forth.v Y

Signed by me this 17th day of April, 1875.

E. W. VAILL.

US187787D Improvement in folding chairs Expired - Lifetime US187787A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040230488A1 (en) * 2001-07-10 2004-11-18 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Method for using a sensor to register a biometric for use with a transponder-reader system
US20070042603A1 (en) * 2004-10-07 2007-02-22 Kropewnicki Thomas J Method for etching having a controlled distribution of process results

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040230488A1 (en) * 2001-07-10 2004-11-18 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Method for using a sensor to register a biometric for use with a transponder-reader system
US20070042603A1 (en) * 2004-10-07 2007-02-22 Kropewnicki Thomas J Method for etching having a controlled distribution of process results

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