US1876033A - Fountain comb - Google Patents

Fountain comb Download PDF

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Publication number
US1876033A
US1876033A US61195432A US1876033A US 1876033 A US1876033 A US 1876033A US 61195432 A US61195432 A US 61195432A US 1876033 A US1876033 A US 1876033A
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Prior art keywords
sack
teeth
comb
plurality
liquid
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Rose W Starr
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Rose W Starr
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D24/00Hair combs for care of the hair; Accessories therefor
    • A45D24/22Combs with dispensing devices for liquids, pastes or powders
    • A45D24/26Combs with dispensing devices for liquids, pastes or powders with flexible walls of the liquid, paste, or powder storing device

Description

Sept. 6, 1932. R, w, STARR 1,876,033

FOUNTAIN COMB Filed May 18, 1952 F ET 757. 25068 W Jfarr.

Patented Sept. 6, 1932 UNITED STATES ROSE W. STARR, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS FOUNTAIN COMB Application filed May 18,

This invention relates to a fountain comb and will be described as incorporated in a comb adapted to be carried in a ladys purse.

An object of this invention is the provision of a comb incorporating means for supplying liquid to the hair to moisten the same when being combed and being suitable for carrying in a ladys purse without the escape of liquid.

A further object of this invention is the provision of a comb of the type identified which is adapted to distribute fluid from substantially the entire length thereof, but which is also adapted to be used in such a manner that liquid may be distributed from only one end thereof or any desired portion thereof without having liquid distributed from other portions.

A further object of this invention is the provision of an improved liquid containing sack so designed and constructed that certain portions thereof are automatically sealed from other portions thereof so that fluid may be contained in one portion without escaping to another portion. I

A further object of this invention is the provision of capillary means associated with said fluid containing sack, adapted for the application of fluid from the sack directly to the hair being combed without the necessity of first distributing the fluid to the surface of the teeth.

A still further object-of this invention is the provision of an improvedshield for the teeth of the comb to guard the same when not in use and to reduce the likelihood of liquid escaping from the sack and moistening the contents of a purse in which it may be carried.

Other objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent from the following detailed description with reference to the accompanying drawing.- 1

On the drawing: c

Figure 1 is a side elevation of a comb with a portion of the shield broken away and illust-rating my invention; a

Figure 2 is an elevational view of an end 50 of that shown in Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a longitudinal section taken 1932. Serial N0. 611,954.

substantially on a central vertical plane through the device shown in Figure 1, with the shield removed. 1

Figure 4 is a cross vertical section taken on substantially the line IVIV of Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a longitudinal horizontal section through a fragment of that shown in Figure 3 and taken on substantially the line VV of Figure 3. i

Figure 6 is a vertical cross-section similar to Figure 4 but taken through a modified form of my invention.

As shown on the drawing:

The device shown in the drawing for illustrating my invention comprises a comb ineluding a substantially cylindrical bodyportion 5 having formed integrally therewith a multiplicity of longitudinally spaced teeth 6. The battery portion 5 is provided with a longitudinally extendingcavity 7 being substantially cylindrical with a flattened portion at the top providing a seat 8 against which the metal plate 10 is adapted to be pressed by the self-sustaining resiliency of the liquidcontaining sack 9 disposed in'the' cavity? and adapted to be deflated by downward pressure. on the metal plate 10. V I

Means for exerting a downward pressure on the metal plate '10 is provided which comprises a lever 11 disposed in a recess in the top of the comb body and pivoted thereto. by a pin 12 in such a manner that when the end 13 is lifted the end 14 is depressed, forcing downwardly on the plate 10.

The sack 9 is preferably composed of a plurality of longitudinally arranged" cells 15 which are hermetically sealed from each other, by cementing or vulcanizing together opposite sides of the sack atlongitudinally spaced intervals as indicated at16. A plurality of depending nipples 17 areformed integrally with thesack 9, there beingat least one nipple for each cell 1 5 toprovide a passageway through whichliquidjmay be drawn into the individual cellsv of the sack, and through whichliquid maybe-distributed orfed to the surface of vthe teeth 6 or directly to the surface of the hair being combed for moistening the same. One important feature 100 of this invention is theprovisionof the nipples 17 with a substantially capillary opening or duct therethrough as indicated at 21 through which liquid may be drawn by direct contact with the hair being combed. As best illustrated in Figure 4, the lower end of the nipple 17 extends slightly below the upper end of the teeth 6 in order that the nipple may directly engage the hair when bein combed. One end of the body 5 is provide with an opening through which the sack 9 may be inserted, and this opening is preferably closed by a suitable plug 23 as shown in Figure 3.

-In order that the comb may be readily car.- ried in a ladys purse or in a pocket, a shield 25 is provided which consists of a sheet of metal or other suitable material folded upon itself and having at its upper end inwardly disposed beads or corrugations 27 for engaging in longitudinal recesses 28 along the sides of the comb adjacent the upperends of the teeth, for holding the shield in place as indicated in Figure 2. The shield 25 is preferably closed at one end to facilitate the retention of the shield in place. For removing or placing the shield on the comb, it is preferabl moved longitudinally from one end.

11 Figure 6 is illustrated a modified form of my invention in which the nipple 17 extends into ducts or pamageway 31 through the teeth 6 which ducts open at 32 adjacent the ends of the teeth, for distributing liquid not on the surface of the hair'being combed but on the scalp. Such a construction as shown in Figure 6 may be more satisfactory when utilized for the purpose of appl g medications to the scalp, whereas the fb r m shown in Figure 4 in which the nipples 17 extend through the apertures 35 between the teeth, is preferable for the purpose of applying moisture to the surface of the hair simp y for the purpose of facilitating the combing of the hair.

In the operation of my invention, it is often desired by the person using the comb that the dispense or distribute 1i uidfrom the entire comb be entirely dry at one end and have means fordispensing moisture at the other end. In such case, the operator will place one end of thecomb in water or other suitable liquid with the plate 10 depressed for deflating the sack 9 and upon releasing the end 13 of the lever 11 the sack will automatically assume its normal shape causing water to enter the cells 15 at one end of the sack, leaving the other cells empty. Obviously the cells corresponding to the nipples which were mersed in the li uid will be the ones'which will draw in the 'quid. If it is desired to length of the column, al of the nipples 17 must be immersed in the water, in exgclfg the same manner that a fountain pen is It will be appreciated by those the an that the device herein illus- I trated and described is susceptible of various modifications and changes without departing from the principles of the invention, and I desire that the patent to be granted hereon .shall not be limited in any manner except as necessitated by the prior art.

I claim as my invention:

1. A fountain comb comprising a body and a plurality of longitudinally spaced teeth, said body having a longitudinal cavity therein, and apertures extending from the cavity to the spaces between the teeth, a multi-cell self-sustaining resilient sack in the cavity of the body and adapted to contain liquid to be fed to the hair being combed, and means on said sack for delivering liquid to the apertures between the teeth.

2. A fountain comb comprising a body and a plurality of longitudinally spaced teeth, said body having a longitudinal cavity therein, and apertures extending from the cavity to the surface of the teeth, a self-sustaining resilient sack in the cavity adapted'to contain liquid to be fed to the teeth of the comb, and a plurality of longitudinally spaced nipples on said sack disposed in the. apertures for feeding liquid therethrough.

3. A fountain comb comprising a body and a plurality of longitudinally spaced teeth, said body having a longitudinal cavity therein, and apertures extending from' the cavity to the surface of the teeth, a self-sustaining resilient sack inthe cavity adapted to contain liquid to be fed to the teeth of the comb, and a plurality of longitudinally spaced nipples on said sack disposed in the apertures for feeding liquid therethrough, said sack comprising a plurality of longitudinally arranged cells, the interiors of which are hermeticallysealed from each other.

4. A fountain comb comprising a body and a plurality of longitudinally spaced teeth, said body having a longitudinal cavity therein, and apertures extending from the cavity to the surface of the teeth, a self-sustaining resilient sack in' the cavity adapted to contain liquid to be fed to the teeth of the comb, a plurality of longitudinally spaced nipples on said sack disposed in the apertures for feeding liquid therethrough, said sack comprising a plurality of longitudinally arranged cells the interiors of which are hermetically sealed from each other, and means for deflatmg said sack to permit refilling of the cells with hquid.

5. A fountain comb comprising a body and v a pluralit of Ion itudinally spaced teeth, said body aving a ongitudinal cavity there-' in, and apertures extending from the cavity to the surface of the teeth, a self-sustaining resilient sack in the cavity adapted to con 1 tain liquid to be fedto the teeth of the comb; a plurality, of longitudinally spaced nipples on said sack disposed in the apertures for i a hollow substantially cylindrical body, a multi-cell rubber sack snugly fitted in said hollow body, said sack including a plurality of depending nipples, said comb havinga plurality of apertures corresponding to sa1d nipples and opening adjacent the upper ends of the teeth for automatically distributing fluid from said sack upon the hair when being combed.

7. A fountain comb comprising teeth and a hollow substantially cylindrical body, a

multi-cell rubber sack snugly fitted in said hollow body, said sack including a plurality of depending nipples, said comb having a plurality of apertures corresponding to sald nipples and opening adjacent the upper ends of the teeth for automatically distributing fluid from said sack upon the hair when being combed, and means for collapsing said sack in preparation to drawing liquid into the cells. k

8. As an article of manufacture, a selfsustaining collapsible rubber sack for containing and distributing liquid, said sack comprising a plurality of longitudinally arranged cells, the interiors of which are hermetically sealed from adjacent cells, and

' means on said sack through which liquid may be distributed and replenished.

9. As an article of manufacture, a selfsustaining collapsible rubber sack for containing and distributing liquid, said sack comprising a plurality of longitudinally arranged cells, the interiors of which are hermetically sealed from adjacent cells, and a plurality of depending nipples longitudinally spaced along one side, said nipples having substantially capillary openings, there being at least onenipple to a cell through which liquid may be distributed and replenished.

10. As an article of manufacture, a feed sack for a fountain comb, consisting of a single normally self-sustaining collapsible rubber tube closed at both ends, the sides of said tube permanently and hermetically sealed together at longitudinally spaced 1ntervals, thereby providing a plurality of cells adapted to contain a liquid, and means on said sack through which liquid may be distributed from said cells and replenished thereto.

11. As an article of manufacture, a feed sack for a fountain comb, consisting of a single normally self-sutaining colla sible rubber tube closed at both ends, the si es of said tube being permanently and hermetical: ly sealed together at longitudinally spaced intervals in a single vertical plane providlng vertical stifi'ening partitions for resisting collapsing of the sack, and means on said sack at points between said partitions for distributing liquid from said sack.

' 12. As an article of manufacture, a feed sack for a fountain comb, consisting of a single normally self-sustaining collapsible rubber tube closed at both ends, the sides of said tube being permanently and hermetically sealed together at longitudinally spaced intervals in a single vertical plane providing vertical stifi'ening partitions for resisting collapsing of the sack, and means on said sack at points between said partitions and disposed in the same vertical plane therewith for distributing liquid from said sack.

13. A fountain comb comprising a plurality of longitudinally spaced teeth, a body supporting said teeth, and having a relatively large cavity extending longitudinally of the comb, said body having apertures leading from the cavity to spaces between the teeth, a rubber sack for containing liquid fitted in the cavity and including a plurality of nipples disposed in the apertures and extending below the upper ends of the teeth for engaging hair and distributing liquid directly thereto when the comb is in use.

14. A fountain comb comprising a plurality of longitudinally spaced teeth, a body supporting said teeth, and having a relatively large cavity extending longitudinally of the comb, said body having apertures leading from the cavity to spaces between the teeth,

a rubber sack for containing liquid fitted inv the cavity and including a plurality of vnipples disposed in the apertures and extending elow the upper ends of the teeth for engaging hair and distributing liquid directly thereto when the comb is in use, said sack including a plurality of vertically disposed partitions adapted to increase the vertical rigidity of the sack and means for deflating said sack in preparation for refilling the same through said nipples.

15. A fountain comb comprising a plurality of longitudinally spaced teeth, a body supporting said teeth, and having a relatively large cavity extending longitudinally of the comb, said body having apertures leading from the cavity to spaces between the teeth, a rubber sack for containing liquid fitted in the cavity and including a plurality of nipples disposed in the apertures and extending below the upper ends of the teeth for engaging hair and distributing liquid directly thereto when the comb is in use, said sack including a plurality of partitions disposed in a single plane for dividing said sack into a plurality of longitudinally arrangedcells, said nipples being disposed such that at least one communicates with each cell.

16. A fountain comb comprising a plurality of longitudinally spaced teeth, a body supporting said teeth, and having a relatively large cavity extending longitudinally of the comb, said body having apertures leading from the cavity to spaces between the teeth, a rubber sack for containing liquid fitted in the cavity and including a plurahty of nipples disposed in the apertures and extending below the upper ends of the teeth for engaging hair and distributing liquid directly thereto when the comb is in use, 5 said sack including a plurality of partitions disposed in a single plane for increasing the rigidity of the sack in that plane, and means disposed in a plane normal to the plane of said partitions adapted to be urged against said sack to deflate the same.

- 17. A fountain comb comprising a body and a plurality of longitudinally spaced teeth, said body having a longitudinal cavity therein, and apertures extending from the I cavity to the surface of the teeth, a self-sus taining resilient sack in the cavity adapted to contain liquid to be -fed to the teeth of the comb, and a plurality 'of longitudinally spaced nipples on said sack disposed in the go apertures for feeding-liquid therethrough,

said comb having a longitudinal groove adj acent'the upper end of the teeth and a shield adapted to fit over said teeth and including a portion for engaging in the groove on the v comb to hold the shield in position against accidental displacement.

In testimony whereof'I have herunto subscribed my name at Chicago, Cook County, Illinois. I 4

I v ROSE W. STARR.

US1876033A 1932-05-18 1932-05-18 Fountain comb Expired - Lifetime US1876033A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2470157A (en) * 1946-05-07 1949-05-17 Gambino Nate Hair comb device
US2597200A (en) * 1949-07-22 1952-05-20 Wasyl S Suprowich Comb
US2865383A (en) * 1957-11-18 1958-12-23 Kaley Flora Mcdougall Apparatus for applying lotions, dyes, bleaches or like liquids to the hair roots or to the scalp
US3463170A (en) * 1968-10-25 1969-08-26 Marjorie Mccullough Treatment comb
EP0043519A1 (en) * 1980-07-03 1982-01-13 Antonio Lusetti Applicator for treating hair
US4516591A (en) * 1983-03-14 1985-05-14 Hierholzer Melvin C Highlighting applicator
US5325878A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-07-05 Mckay William D Fluid dispensing comb
US5337764A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-08-16 Mckay William D Fluid dispensing comb
US5343880A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-09-06 Mckay William D Fluid dispensing wand
US20040011370A1 (en) * 2002-07-19 2004-01-22 Vena Lou Ann Christine Cosmetic applicator and storage container
US20040154108A1 (en) * 2003-02-06 2004-08-12 Saroja Narasimhan Method and compositions for providing natural appearing hair color
US20070000070A1 (en) * 2005-06-30 2007-01-04 Vena Lou Ann C Method and kit for applying lowlights to hair
US20130284196A1 (en) * 2012-04-27 2013-10-31 The Procter & Gamble Company Applicator Assembly for Applying a Composition

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2470157A (en) * 1946-05-07 1949-05-17 Gambino Nate Hair comb device
US2597200A (en) * 1949-07-22 1952-05-20 Wasyl S Suprowich Comb
US2865383A (en) * 1957-11-18 1958-12-23 Kaley Flora Mcdougall Apparatus for applying lotions, dyes, bleaches or like liquids to the hair roots or to the scalp
US3463170A (en) * 1968-10-25 1969-08-26 Marjorie Mccullough Treatment comb
EP0043519A1 (en) * 1980-07-03 1982-01-13 Antonio Lusetti Applicator for treating hair
US4516591A (en) * 1983-03-14 1985-05-14 Hierholzer Melvin C Highlighting applicator
US5343880A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-09-06 Mckay William D Fluid dispensing wand
US5325878A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-07-05 Mckay William D Fluid dispensing comb
US5337764A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-08-16 Mckay William D Fluid dispensing comb
US20040011370A1 (en) * 2002-07-19 2004-01-22 Vena Lou Ann Christine Cosmetic applicator and storage container
US20040154108A1 (en) * 2003-02-06 2004-08-12 Saroja Narasimhan Method and compositions for providing natural appearing hair color
US7232466B2 (en) 2003-02-06 2007-06-19 Revlon Consumer Products Corporation Method and compositions for providing natural appearing hair color
US20070000070A1 (en) * 2005-06-30 2007-01-04 Vena Lou Ann C Method and kit for applying lowlights to hair
US20130284196A1 (en) * 2012-04-27 2013-10-31 The Procter & Gamble Company Applicator Assembly for Applying a Composition

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