US1823850A - Comb - Google Patents

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US1823850A
US1823850A US45080430A US1823850A US 1823850 A US1823850 A US 1823850A US 45080430 A US45080430 A US 45080430A US 1823850 A US1823850 A US 1823850A
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comb
stock
pad
portion
chamber
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Expired - Lifetime
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Hamilton L J Marshall
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Hamilton L J Marshall
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D24/00Hair combs for care of the hair; Accessories therefor
    • A45D24/22Combs with dispensing devices for liquids, pastes or powders

Description

Sept. 15,1931. H. L. J. MARSHALL COMB Filed May 8.

FIG

ljfiENTORQ H. I... J. Marshall ATTORNEYS. I

Patented Sept. 15, 1931 PATENT OFF-ICE HAMILTON L. J. MARSHALL, OF'MONTGOMERY, ALABAMA.

COMB

zi m filed May 8, 1930. Serial No. 450,304.

The present invention relates to improve ments in devices for treating the hair and the primary object of the invention is to'provide an improved comb for applying a solution 5, to the hair thru theprocess of combing the hair.

A further object of the invention is toprovide an improved comb adapted to beused for straightening hair thru the depositing of a solution contained within a chamber provided in the comb. I A further object resides in the novel construction whereby feeding of the solution'to be applied to the hair is brought about thru capillary action and thus maintaining an even escape of the solution without requiring valves or other fluid control means to' be operated by the user. V i

A still further object resides in the novel F14 arrangement whereby the liquid-applicator is readily and easily removablefrom thecomb proper to permit ready and thorough cleansing of the device and use of the comb without the applicator.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent during the course of the following detailed description, taken in connection with the accompanying I drawings forming a art of this s ecification. and p I 12 a which drawings: a p c Figure 1 13 a side elevation ofthe improved hair treating dQV1C8.' Fi ure 2 1s a view 1n side elevation showin in I a the applicator removed and fragmentary poriki tions of the comb body broken away for illustrating certain detalls of construction. 7

Figures 3 and l are sectional views taken on the respective lines in Figure 1.

Figure 5 is'a sideelevation of a slightly 4.? modified form of comb.

Figures 6 and 7 are sectional views on the respective lines in Figure 5. l j 1 f In the drawings, like reference characters dcsignate corresponding parts thruout the several views. I i

Referring first to the form of invention shown in Figures 1 to 4 inclusiveythe improved comb comprises an elongated hollow stock or shank 5 of oval shape in cross sec u tion and providing a liquid chamber 6- which 1 is also preferably oval shaped. Theliquid chamber 6 is closed at the forward end of the stock and at the rear end of the stock may be rounded and internally threaded for a threaded reception of a closure plug 7 which when removed permits filling of the chamber with a liquid adapted to be applied to the hair. The improved device is intended for use'in straightening hair and the chamber 6 preferably receives an alkaline solution. 6

The stock may be slightly arched longitudinallyand is provided along its lower edge for a' portion of its length from the forward end with a series of tapering comb teeth 8 I forming a comb portion at the forward end ofthe stock. Theportion of the stock extending rearwardly from the comb portion forms'ahandle to be grasped by the user.

Opening thru one sideof the stock above the teeth of the comb portion'and communieating with the chamber 6 is a series of relatively small feed orliquid escape openings 9. These openings are preferably arranged at an incline and communicate with the bottom of the chamber 6 with the outer ends of the apertures opening into somewhat of a channel formed along the device directly above the junctureof the teeth with the stock as indicated at 10 in Figure 3.

The st'ockand teeth are preferably formed so as an integral structure and are preferably molded from a material such as hard rubber or some similarnon-metallic material.

Referring now to the applicator means for depositing the solution upon the hair during combing; the same is adapted to be removably associated with the comb portion 8. EX tended thru thestock 5 adjacent opposite ends of the comb portion and spaced above the series of apertures 9 are two mounting studs 11 having threaded outer ends for threaded reception of preferably knurled clamping nuts 12. These mounting studs 11 as will be observed in Figure 4 project from that side of the stock thru which the apertures 9 open. Adapted to be positioned at its'upper edge over the projecting ends ofthe studs ll 'is-a distributor pad 14 formed of an absorbent material such as felt or the like.

This distributor pad may have its ends apertured for positioning over the studs 11 and is of such width as to have its lower edge extend for about one half of the length of the comb teeth. The pad is of a length slightly less than the length of the comb portion and as will be observed in Figure 3 extends over the apertures 9 so that liquid within the chamber 6 when passing thru the apertures will be absorbed by the pad. The distributor pad 14 is held in engagement with the comb teeth by means of a clamp plate or strip 15 formed ofhard rubber or some such similar material.

This clamping plate 15 has apertures along its upper edge for positioning over the mounting studs 11 andis' heldin position against the pad by the clamping nuts 12. This clamping of the pad 14; along its upper edge portion will prevent the solution from Workingupwardly as will readily be apparent by observing Figure 3. The plate 15 is of slightly less width than the pad 1% so that the lower'edge of the pad projectsslightly below, the lower edge of the clamping plate and permits the padto readily contact with the hairduring the combing operation WVith the-apertures 9 opening along the channel or groove 10 it will be seen that when the distributor pad is clamped firmly against the stock 5 the material of the ,pad will not be so compressed at a point along the row of. apertures as to prevent ready capillary action of the liquid in moistening the pad.

-As an illustration of using the device for straightening hair, the plug -7 is first removed and the chamber 6 filled with the alkaline solution' and after which the filler end of the chamber is sealed by the plugi Escape of the solution thru the apertures 9 will thentake placethru capillary action and thoroughly pregnate the absorbent pad 14 with the solution. The comb is now ready-for use and by drawing the combthru the hair with the side of the comb carrying the pad, away-from-thescalp, a certain amount of the solution is deposited on the' hair-by the distributor pad.

During use of the comb a certain amount of.

' heat will be produced thruo friction and this -ofhair. 7 7 I Referring now to the form of comb shown heat will be suflicient to vaporize the solution 7 so as to thoroughly cover the hair. .The

operation may be repeated as found necessary andat times to take'care of the new'gr'owth in. Figures '5, and 7, anlarrangement is-herein shown whereby the mounting studs 11 and clamping bolts 12 aspreviou'sly described may-be} dispensed with an'dthe clamping plate attached'by means of a sliding interlocking-fit with the stock The stock or W] shank 5" is of hollow formation to 7 provide,

7 the liquid chamber 6" closed at its rear end by the closure plug 7..

the forward endofthe stock 5 is the. comb portionS provided with the-enlarged terminalteeth 20. t' 5 f Provided adjacent.

Opening thru one side of the stock along the upper portion of the comb 8 and communicating with the chamber 6 is the series of feed openings or apertures 21. Formed along one side of theoval shaped stock 5 above the series of apertures 21 is a flange 22 forming an abrupt downwardly facing shoulder. A distributor ad 14v is adapted to be disposed over one si e of the comb portion and held in position by the sliding clamp plate or strip 25.

The plate 25 at each end isprovided with inwardly extending flanges as shown in Figure Z and these flanges are each provided with dove tailed grooves 26 extending from the up r. to the lower edges of the plate. Forme beneathieach end portion of the flange 22 and extending along the sides of the enlarged, end teeth. are dove-tailed tenons 28 which are received in the grooves 26 when the clamping plate is slid into position in'abuttingvengagement with the lower. edge of the flange 22. As will be observed in Figure 6, sliding of the clamping plate into. position will firmly grip the upper portion of the distributor pad 14. between theupper portion of the plate and the side of the stock. This method of de-v tachably mounting the clamping plate permits of the plate and stock being formed of a non-metallic material such as hard rubber or-the like. The wedging of the upper portion of the distributor pad will prevent ready downward sliding of the plate. and during use the'plate. will be normally urged toa position against the flange 22.

In both formsfof the invention it will be seen that the flat clamping plate holds the distributor pad in a proper relation against one side of the comb teeth and insuch relalutioni for depositing of the. solution upon the hair during a combing operation. It will also be apparent that an improved hair treating deviceflof this'naturehas been disclosedembodying an arrangement whereby. thedistributing pad ismoistenedthru capillary action. I

Changes in detail may be} made to the farms of invention hereinshown and described, without. departing from the spirit of the invention or thescope of the follow- I claim:

1. A device of the class described comprising an elongated hollow body portion providing a liquid chamber, means for closing one end of the chamber, a series of apertures arrangedlongitudinally of the body portion in communication with the chamber and opening at one side of the body, comb teeth projecting from the body below the row of apertures, a distributor pad of absorbent material overlying the apertures and a por tion of the comb teeth, and retaining means for the pad.

2. A device of the class described comprising an elongated hollow body portion providing a liquid chamber, means for closing one end of the chamber, a series of apertures arranged longitudinally of the body portion in communication with the chamber and opening at one side of the body, comb teeth projecting from the body below the row of apertures, a distributor pad of absorbent ma terial overlying the apertures and a portion of the comb teeth and a removable clamping plate for the pad.

3. A device of the class described comprising an elongated hollow body portion providing a fluid chamber, a filler opening for the chamber, closure means for the filler opening, a series of apertures arranged longitudinally of the body portion and open ng at one side thereof, comb teeth extending from the body portion below the row of apertures, a pad of absorbentmatenal overlying the apertures and a portion of the comb teeth, a flat clamping plate for the pad, and retaining means for the clamp plate and compressing the upper edge of the pad against the side of the hollow body portion above the row of apertures.

4:. A comb of the class described comprising a hollow stock being closed at its forward end, said stock providing a fluid chamber, closure means for the rear end of the chamber, a comb portion embodying teeth projecting from the forward portion of the stock, aseries of feed apertures opening thru the side of the stock above the comb teeth, an absorbent pad arranged over the feed apertures and overlying a portion of the comb teeth, a clamp plate disposed over the outer side of the pad, and means releasably retaining the plate in clamping relation over the outer side of the pad whereby the pad is held in position over the feed apertures and against the side of the comb teeth.

5. A comb of the class described comprising an elongated hollow stock providing a fluid chamber closed at the forward end of the stock and openat the rear end of the stock, a closure means for the rear end of the chamber, a comb portion at the forward end of the stock, a series of feed openings arranged longitudinally of the stock above the comb portion and communicating with said the lower side portion of the stock, a pad of absorbent material arranged over the feed openings and overlying a portion of the comb, and means for tightly clamping the upper portion of the pad against the stock above the feed openings and retaining the lower portion of the pad in light bearing contact with the comb.

6. A comb comprising an elongated hollow stock of oval shape in cross section and providing a chamber closed at the forwardend of the stock, removable closure means for the rear endof the chamber, a comb portion at the forward end of the stock providing .a channel along the lower side portion of the stock, a series of feed openings for the chamber and opening along the channel, an absorbent pad disposed over the feed openings 7 with-its upper portion overlying one side of the stock and its lower portion overlying a portion of the comb teeth, and a removable clamp plate disposed over the outer side of the pad for retaining the pad in position and its upper edge portion in a tightly compressed condition against the side bf the stock.

7. A comb comprising an elongated hollow stock of oval shape in cross section and forming a fluid chamber closed at the forward end of the stock, closure'means for the rear end of the chamber, a. comb portion provided at the forwardend of the stock, a series of feed openchamber, said feed openings opening thru ings for the chamber and opening thru one side of the stock in slightly spaced relation above the teeth of the comb portion, a pad of absorbent material disposed over the feed.

openings and overlying a portion of the comb teeth, a flat clamping plate disposed over the outer side of the pad, and attaching means at each end of the plate for firmly compressing the upper portion of the pad against the side of the stock above the feed openings.

. 8. A comb comprising a hollow stock providing a fluid chamber closed at the forward end of the stock, a closure plug for the chamber and threaded. into the rear end of the stock, a comb portion at the forward end of the stool: embodying wedge-shaped teeth, said stock having a channel formed therealong at one side immediately above the comb teeth, a series of feed openings for the chamber and opening along the channel, a distributor pad of absorbent material disposed over the series of feed openings and extending above and below the openings, a clamping plate dis- I ingsfor the chamber and opening thru, one having dove tailed grooves at each end thereside of (he stock above the comb portion, of for sliding interlocking engagement with mounting studs projecting laterally from the saidtenons whereby the pad 1s held in poslstock above the feed openings, an absorbent tionand against displacement from over the pad. supported at its upper edge upon the feed openings.

stud, and extendingover the feed openings and a portion of the-comb teeth, a clamping plate removably supported by the studs at the outer side or the pad, and clamping screws threadednpon-the'studs for retaining the plae in operative-relation at the outer side of the pad.

10. A comb comprising a hollow stock providing a chamber closed at the forward end of the stock and having a filler opening at the rear end of the stock, closure means for the filleriopening, comb forming teeth depend- 111g from the forward portion of the stock,

a series of feed openings for the chamber and OPGIllhg thru one side of the stock above the comb teeth. threaded mount-inn studs )ro'ecting laterally from the stock adjacent each end of 0 11600111 0 teeth, a distributor pad of absorbentmaterial supported at its upperedge upon the studs to ext-end over the feed openings' and a portion of the vcomb teeth, a flat clamping plate supported at its upper edge on the studs in engagement with the outer side of the pad, and a clamping screw threaded upon each stud into'engagement with the plate for firmly compressingthe upper edge of the pad against one side of the stock above the feed openings. i 711. A comb comprising a hollow stock providing a liquid chamber closed at the forward end of thestock and having a filler opening at the rear end thereof, closure means for the filler opening, a flange formed along one side of the stock adacent the forward end thereof, a series oi feed openings for the chamber and opening thru one side of the stock below the flange, comb teeth depending from the stock bclowthe feed openings, a distributor pad disposed over the feed openings, and a retaining plate for the pad and means for interlocking said retaining plate with the end'comb teeth.

12. A comb comprising anelongated hollow stock providing a chamber closed at the opening at 1. he rear end t ereof, closure means for the filler opening, a flange formedalong the chamberand opening thru one side of the stock above the comb teeth and between the enlarged end teeth of the comb, a pad of absorbentmaterlal disposed over the feed openings with itsiupper portion extending to said'flange and itslower portion overlying a portion o'l'tliecomb teeth, a dove tailed Xenon/formed along each end comb tooth beneath said flange and a clamping plate rorward end of the stock and havinga filler V HAMILTON L. JLMARSHALL. 7

US1823850A 1930-05-08 1930-05-08 Comb Expired - Lifetime US1823850A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4799456A (en) * 1987-02-02 1989-01-24 Donald R. Young Combination medication applicator and pet grooming
US4867183A (en) * 1986-07-02 1989-09-19 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien Dispenser for hair cosmetics
FR2650161A1 (en) * 1989-07-31 1991-02-01 Hapyo Yugen Kaisha A hair treatment
US5325878A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-07-05 Mckay William D Fluid dispensing comb
US5337764A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-08-16 Mckay William D Fluid dispensing comb
US5343880A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-09-06 Mckay William D Fluid dispensing wand
US20110092922A1 (en) * 2009-10-19 2011-04-21 Trompen Mick A Transdermal dispensing apparatus and methods
US20150136166A1 (en) * 2013-11-18 2015-05-21 John Covert Rhineberger Hair dye applicator and methods of use
USD821030S1 (en) * 2016-06-14 2018-06-19 Daphnee Paul Comb with integrated liquid dispenser

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4867183A (en) * 1986-07-02 1989-09-19 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien Dispenser for hair cosmetics
US4799456A (en) * 1987-02-02 1989-01-24 Donald R. Young Combination medication applicator and pet grooming
FR2650161A1 (en) * 1989-07-31 1991-02-01 Hapyo Yugen Kaisha A hair treatment
US5325878A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-07-05 Mckay William D Fluid dispensing comb
US5337764A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-08-16 Mckay William D Fluid dispensing comb
US5343880A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-09-06 Mckay William D Fluid dispensing wand
US20110092922A1 (en) * 2009-10-19 2011-04-21 Trompen Mick A Transdermal dispensing apparatus and methods
US9883932B2 (en) 2009-10-19 2018-02-06 Aircom Manufacturing, Inc. Transdermal dispensing apparatus and methods
US20150136166A1 (en) * 2013-11-18 2015-05-21 John Covert Rhineberger Hair dye applicator and methods of use
US9498040B2 (en) * 2013-11-18 2016-11-22 John Covert Rhineberger Hair dye applicator and methods of use
USD821030S1 (en) * 2016-06-14 2018-06-19 Daphnee Paul Comb with integrated liquid dispenser

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