US1855898A - Vaporizer - Google Patents

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US1855898A
US1855898A US293255A US29325528A US1855898A US 1855898 A US1855898 A US 1855898A US 293255 A US293255 A US 293255A US 29325528 A US29325528 A US 29325528A US 1855898 A US1855898 A US 1855898A
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vaporizer
chamber
liquid
heating
container
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US293255A
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Peter P Alexander
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General Electric Co
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General Electric Co
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater

Description

April 26, 1932. P. P. ALEXANDER VAPORIZER Filed' July 16, 1928 lT'n/htoj" Pedic-:v1 P Alexander by ,a/ l'i Attorn ey.

Patented Apr.. 26, 1932 UNITED STATES FFICE PETER P. ALEXANDER, OF MARBLEHED, MASMCHUSETTS, ASSEGNOR TO GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, A OORPORATXON OF NEVI YORK Application filed July 16, 192B. Serial No. $393,255.

My invention relates to vaporizers by -means of which liquid substances may be changed into vapors. More particularly my invention relates to an improved vaporizer .5 for use in connection with are Welding apparatus when gaseous media or vapors dissociable into gaseous media are used during the welding operation to improve the physical characteristics of the weld. Among various substances recently called to the publics attention which when heated will .supply a suitable vapor in which to conduct the Weld.-

ing` operation are the alcohols, especially methanol. This substance which has the chemical formula CHSOH will yield when decomposed b the arc a mixture of carbon monoxide an hydrogen in an atmosphere of which it is possible to produce Welds of superior quality.

An object of my invention is to provide a vaporizer of improved construction in which a liquid such asmethanol may be vaporized efficiently and completely and from which the vapor generated therein is discharged in a dry state.

The novel features which I believe to be characteristic of my invention are set forth with particularity inthe appended claims.

The invention itself, however, will best be $0 understood by referring to lthe following specilication taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which Fig. l is a perspective view of the vaporizer with auxiliary apparatus for supplying liquid thereto, Fig. 2 a perspective view of an automatic arc welding head to which the vaporizer has been attached for use in automatic arc welding, and Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the discharge end of the vaporizer illustrating the internal construction of the same.

In Fig. 1 of the drawings the auxiliary apparatus for'supplying liquid to the evaporator 1 comprises a tank 2 mounted on a suita'ble base 3 and the pipe line 4 including valve 5 and hose 6 by means of which liquid is supplied from the tank to the vaporizer through needle valve 7 and pipe 8 which enters the vaporizing chamber of the vaporizer. It is important that pipe 8 be of a suitable length, diameter and/or material such that heat cannot readily be conducted from the vaporizer to the valve 7 for if the valve 'l' becomes suiiiciently heated some vaporization of the liquid supplied will take place at the valve and the formation of gas bubbles in the pipe 8 resulting therefrom Will prevent an even, uninterrupted supply of liquid to the vaporizer. "light variations in the amount of liquid supplied to the vaporizer will cause enormous variations in the amount of vapor generated in the vaporizer. For example, under operating conditions using a vaporizer such as is being described for the production of methanol vapor, one cubic centimeter of liquid will give about 500 cubic centimeters of vapon l vThe desired liquid, for example methanol, and a quantity of some suitable gas suiicient to create a relative high pressure within the tank 2 to force the liquid therefrom may be introduced into the tank through pipe 9, valve 10 and pipe l1. lf the tank be placed in an elevated position relative to the vaporizer the force of gravity alone may be relied upon for feeding the liquid to the vaporizer. l prefer however to apply the pressure of a suitable gas to the surface of the liquid in the tank to positively feed' the liquid to the vaporizer independently of the relative positions of the tank and vaporizer. While this liquid and gas is being supplied to the tank the valve l() is open but as soon as the desired quantity has been supplied the valve 10 is closed and the apparatus for supplying the liquid and gas may thereafter be removed. ln tlre drawings the apparatus for supplying the liquid and gas is not shown. The pressure in the tank 2 may be indio ted by a pressure indicator or gauge 12. he flow of liquid to the vaporizer l may be controlled by both. valves 5 and 7 although it will be preferable to open wide the valve 5 and secure the desired control by means of the valve 7 y conveniently located at the vaporizer.

The vaporizer 1s of general utility and may be used for various purposes. When used in connection with automatic arc welding it may be desirable as shown in Fig. 2 to attach it by suitable clamps 14 to the automatic welding head 1,5 used to maintain the arc length substantially constant during the welding operation by feeding the electrode wire to the weld at the proper rate of speed to replace it as it is melted away and deposited in the weld. I have found it desirable to direct the blast of vapor issuing from the vaporizer nozzle 13 about the arc and backward over the molten portions of the metal.

The construction of my vaporizer is best shown in Fig. 3 which is a sectional view of the lower portion thereof. Liquid is supplied to the vaporizing chamber L6, defined y the walls o f containers 17 and 18, onto a baille 19 mounted within the'chamber in heat conducting relation with the wall of con tainer 17 The baffle illustrated is of spiral or screw form and extends the full length of the chamber 16. Within the container 17 is a suitable heating means, for example an electric heater 20, which may be formed of sheathed wire such as described and claimed in the patent to Charles C. Abbott No. 1,367,341granted February 1, 1921. This heatermay be energized from any suitable supply of electric current through conductors 20 (shown in Fig. 1). The space between the heater element 2O and the wall of the container 17 is filled with copperv filings or other suitable heat conducting material so that the heat generated Within the heating element 20 is effectively conducted to and through the walls of the container 17 to the battle 19 mounted thereon to which the liquid is supplied. The baille 19 is spaced from the walls of the container 18 so that heat will not be conducted from the heating element 20 to the external container.

' Within the lower portion of the vaporizer is a plate 21 which serves to define the lower portion of the chamber 16. The plate also forms in the lower portion ofthe container 18 a `second chamber or well 22 which is connected with the vaporizing chamber 16 by passageways 23 located in the plate. EX-

'tending throu h the well or chamber 22 is a pipe 24 whic makes contact with the plate 21 which in turn is` directly in contact with the heating element 20 located in container 17. The pipe 24 serves as a discharge pipe for vapors generated in the vaporizer, the

vapors .entering the pipe through intake` openings 25 located near the top portion of the well chamber 22 and to one sideof the er 16 and the-well 22. By afdoptingv zle 13 from which they will be discharged. By connecting the discharge pipe in the manner shown it will be readily heated by the heating element 20 and because of this heating vapor generatedin the chamber 16 will not be condensed in the pipe 24.

The vaporizer as a whole is enclosed in an insulating casing 26 closed at its ends by asbestos boards 27 between which and container 18 asbestos flour or other suitable heat insulating material may be placed. In the illustration the various parts are shown joined one to another by means of welding with the exception of the insulating casing 26 and the ends 27 which are screw connected. It is, of course, obvious that any suitable means-may be used for joining the several parts in the assembled relationshipV described so long as vapor-tight joints are formed in the vaporizer.

The method of operation is as follows: A suitable amount of. liquid andgas is introduced into the tank 2 through the pipe 9, valve 10 and pipe line 11, after which the valve 10 is closed. Valve 5 previously closed is now opened to its full extent and after the heater 20 has been energized for a sufficient length of time to heat the interior' of the vaporizer valve 7 is opened to such an extent that the desired amount of liquid flows from the tank-2 throughl the pipe 4, valve 5 .and yhose 6 into the vaporizer. The liquid supplied to the vaporizer falling upon the heated spiral baffle 19 is vaporized and the resulting vapor flows from chamber 16 to the chamber 22 through the passageways 23 connecting the two chambers. Into chamber 22 any excess liquid not vaporized in the chamber 16 will likewise descend and collect. Means may be provided for withdrawing superfluous liquid from this chamber but generally such means are not found necessary if the heater is maintained at the correct temperature and the valve 7 is properly adjusted to supply the correct amount of liquid to chamlos ber 16. From the chamber or well 22 the vapor flowsthrough the intake openings 25 into the'discharge pipe 24 which is heated by reason of being in contact with the heating element 20. The vapor on traversing the heated discharge pipe 24 remains in the dry statey in which it exists within the vaporizer and is supplied at the point'of consumption in this dry state.

It Ais apparent .to those skilled in the art that various modifications may be made in the vaporizer described without departing from my invention which has been shown and described in connection with one arrangement which clearly illustrates it and I, therefore, aim in the appended claims to cover all such changes and modifications asi fall within the true spirit and scope of my invention. x

What I claim .as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. A vaporizer comprising a container, heating means in said container, means for introducing liquid into said container in contact with the upper portion of said heating means, and a pipe extending through the bottom of said container into thermal contact with said heating means for conducting vapor from said container, said pipe having its intake opening located a substantial distance above and arranged to prevent the collection of liquid falling to the bottom of said container.

2. A vaporizer comprising heating means, a baile supported in heat conducting relation therewith, a chamber within which said bailie is located the free ends of said baiie being spaced from the external walls of said chamber, means for heat insulating the external surface of said chamber, means for introducing a liquid into said chamber and onto said baiile, and means in heat conductive relation with said heating means for conducting vapor from said chamber.

3. A vaporizer comprising heating means, a baille in heat conductive relation therewith, a chamber within which said heating means and said baie are located, means for introducing a liquid into said chamber and onto the top portion of said baille, means for controlling the rate of flow of liquid to said fsaid heater and the walls of said container, a

chamber, a second chamber for collecting excessive liquid located beneath said first chamber, a passageway nconnecting said chambers, and means in heat conductm relation with said heating means for con ucting vapory from said second chamber.

4. A container, a heat insulatingcovering for said container means for dividing the top portion of saidcontainerinto a heating chamber and a vapori'zing chamber heating` Fmeans in said heating chamber, a bathe in sai vaporizing chamber sup orted onsaid heating chamber in heat con uctive relation with the heating member in` said chamber and spaced from the external walls of Said vaporizing chamber, means for introducing a and connected` in heat conductive 'relation' with said heating Ychamber having/intake openings nearI the top ortion, of said well.

5., Avaporizer comprlsing an electric heatera container for said heater, a packing having good heat conducting properties between second container inwhich said first container'is located in spaced relationsli to form a vaporizing' chamber, a spiral b e mounted in heat conducting relation on the external wall of said first container, means for introducing a liquid into the top portion of said vaporizn chamber onto said spiral baille, a Well in t e bottom portion of sai vaporizer, means forconnecting said well with said Vaporizing chamber, a vapor discharge pipe extending through said well into heat conductive relation with the heating element and having intake openings located near the top portion of said well and to one side of the connecting passageway between said vvaporizing cham-ber and said well, and means for heat insulating the external' surface of Asaid vaporizer.

ius

US293255A 1928-07-16 1928-07-16 Vaporizer Expired - Lifetime US1855898A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2467393A (en) * 1945-06-13 1949-04-19 Steam Torch Corp Superheating method and apparatus
US2579626A (en) * 1949-09-14 1951-12-25 Kenneth C Thompson Vaporizer
US2727124A (en) * 1950-12-29 1955-12-13 Fansteel Metallurgical Corp Molybdenum fabrication
US3526740A (en) * 1968-02-14 1970-09-01 Messer Griesheim Gmbh Process for supplying gas mixtures to welding and cutting apparatus
US4219725A (en) * 1978-08-01 1980-08-26 The Dow Chemical Company Heating apparatus for vaporizing liquefied gases
US6053435A (en) * 1998-08-20 2000-04-25 Hung; Ping Fa Fog generating guide tube mounting arrangement

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2467393A (en) * 1945-06-13 1949-04-19 Steam Torch Corp Superheating method and apparatus
US2579626A (en) * 1949-09-14 1951-12-25 Kenneth C Thompson Vaporizer
US2727124A (en) * 1950-12-29 1955-12-13 Fansteel Metallurgical Corp Molybdenum fabrication
US3526740A (en) * 1968-02-14 1970-09-01 Messer Griesheim Gmbh Process for supplying gas mixtures to welding and cutting apparatus
US4219725A (en) * 1978-08-01 1980-08-26 The Dow Chemical Company Heating apparatus for vaporizing liquefied gases
US6053435A (en) * 1998-08-20 2000-04-25 Hung; Ping Fa Fog generating guide tube mounting arrangement

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