US1848937A - Sylvania - Google Patents

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US1848937A
US1848937A US1848937DA US1848937A US 1848937 A US1848937 A US 1848937A US 1848937D A US1848937D A US 1848937DA US 1848937 A US1848937 A US 1848937A
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hooks
hook
strip
fingers
spring
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G25/00Household implements used in connection with wearing apparel; Dress, hat or umbrella holders
    • A47G25/02Dress holders; Dress suspending devices; Clothes-hanger assemblies; Clothing lifters
    • A47G25/06Clothes hooks; Clothes racks; Garment-supporting stands with swingable or extending arms
    • A47G25/0678Hook-to-rail connections, with provisions for easy removal of the hooks

Description

March 8, 1932- w. A. COVENTRY 1,848,937

CLOTHES RACK Filed Sept. 12, 1928 A? ATTORNEY Patented Mar. 8, 1932 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE WILLIAM A. COVENTRY, OF LANCASTER, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO GREY IRON CASTING COMPANY, OF MOUNT JOY, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORCPORATION OF' PENN- SYLVANIA.

CLOTHES RACK Application filed September 12, 1928. Serial No. 305,468.

The present invention relates to clothes racks and more particularly to one in which the parts may be shipped separately and thereafter assembled.

Hooks, for supporting clothes and the like,

formed with threaded lower ends for attachment to walls havefbeen unsatisfactory. If the walls are sufficiently strong to hold the hooks, there is difficulty in screwing the hooks into place. If thewalls are not hard,-the hooks will not hold. Moreover, it is difiicult to get the hooks positioned uniformly and perpendicular to the wall to present a neat appearance.

The present invention contemplates a rack with a plurality of hooks or supporting members spaced equal distances apart and held firmly and rigidly in position. Preferably, the rack comprises a metallic strip having apertures therein permitting it to be nailed or screwed to the wall. At equal intervals, there are provided spring fingers punched from the strip and spaced from the plane of the strip to form seats for the supporting members.

The hooks or supporting members are adapted to fit into these seats to be held rigidly thereby against lateral movement. By having the hooks detachable from the strips, the parts are much easier to pack and ship since they can be handled separately. Another advantage is that the parts may be sold separate- 1y, which is extremely desirable because it permits of their sale in ten cent store syndicates. The separate parts may be sold for a nickel whereas the assembled article would 7 have to sell for about twenty-five cents, which would prevent its sale in'ten cent stores.

An object of the present invention is to provide an inexpensive structure, the parts of which may be shipped and sold separately and thereafter readily assembled to provide an attractive and rugged clothes rack.

Another object of the invention is to pro- Vide a device of the above character in which P the parts will not becom e disassembledaccidentally. j p

Another object of the invention is to prevent any play in the joints connecting the parts, thereby to avoid any tendency for the hooks to wiggle.

subjected.

Another object of the invention is to provide a device in which the parts may be shipped and sold separately and locked in assembled position by application of pressure to the holding members to form a rigid structure. V

A further object of the invention is to provide an inexpensive device whichis rugged in construction and fully capable of With-- standing the rough usage to which it may be Other and further'objects of the invention w1ll be obvious upon an understanding of the Illustrated embodiment about to be described or will be indicated in the appended claims, :3

and various advantages not referred to herein will occur to one skilled in the art upon employment of the invention in practice.

' A preferred embodiment of the invention has been chosen for purposes ofv illustration and description and is shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein p Fig. 1 is a perspective View of the clothes rack partially assembled;

F ig. 2 is a side elevational view, partly in n section, of the'metallic strip showing the shape of the spring fingers, forming the seats; I

Fig. 3is a side elevational view of a hook 'adaptedto be attached to the metallic strip;

* Fig. 7 is a perspective view of'a' base adapted to be automatically locked in position.

Referring to the drawings, there is shown ametallic strip 1 having a series of apertures 2ffor thereception of nails-or screws to at- 'tach the strip to a suitable base such as a wall. 'At equal intervals, there are formed from the strip, pairs of'spring tongues 4, the

free endsof the tongues in each pair extending toward and being spaced slightly from each other asshown. These tongues may be readily formed by a punching and stamping operation; for example, a suitable die may cut the metal and pressit into proper position out of the plane of the strip. The metal of the strip is not materially weakened since the apertures formed by the punching operation are comparatively small and a strip of metal is left intermediate the apertures,

forming each pair of spring tongues. The supporting members may have a comparatively long upper hook for hats and. the.

like and a short lower hook 6 for coats and the like. The base 7 is adapted to fit between the spring tongues 4'.

As shown more particularly in Figs. 3,4 and 5, the base of the hook comprises'a pair ment 9 against which. the spring.' fingers rest to determine the position of the hook. There is also provided a vertical wall; against which the end'sof thespring members 4: substantially abut, in the preferredembediment.

The thickness of'the wall lO'e-ntcndingbetween the two lateral extensions 8 is substantially equaltothe-space intermediate-each of thepairs of; tongues. In this manner the wall 10 may contact with the ends of the'tongues to prevent any lateral play-andthe-abutment 9 definitely determines the lower position of the hooks. The sides-and edges of. the lateral extensions 8 also contact withthe spring tongues-4. to increase further the tightness of the fit and toiprevent play-between the hook and the strip.

In Fig. 6 instead of a sharp abutment 9 -as shown in Figs. 5' and 7:, the Walls 10 arcinclined outwardly as shown at 11' and the-lateral; extensions 8' adjacent the long; hook 5 are increased in thickness and alsoin width. In; other words, the lateral extensions areinclined upwardly and outwardly. The advantageofthis constructiomis that when the hook. slides irrits seat, there is no abrupt stop but the inclined. portions; 11 and: 12' are wedged between and under the spring tongues to prevent any play whatever. Theseinclined portions adjacent the longer hook, take care of any irregularity in the formation of the spring fingers either in their distance from the strip or variations in distance betweenthe free ends-of the pairs of fingers by the formation of a; Wedgelike-joint.

In Fig.2 7 there is provided a recess 14 in thebaseof the hook having a length substantially-equal. to the width ofr a spring finger, to permit the spring tonguesto be seated in the recesses by application of pressure-thereto; in-some cases the resilience of the-fingersmay be'suflicient automatically. toilock; the hookor support in. its sea-t. \Vhenthis hook is once assembled, it cannot be thereafter disassembled.. This permits these-hooks to be:- assembled at the; factory or tobe sold. and shipped separately from the strips and assembled later into a rigid structure.

In the operation of the device, the strips of sheet metal are formed by a stamping operation which may be done in one factory and the hooks are-formed by a: casting. operation which, if desired, may be done at a different plant.. Preferably, the two are shipped disassembled thereby reducing the freight and cost of pa'clring. Theymay be assembledby the merchant and sold in that condition or sold in parts and assembled by'the buyer.

The construction of the base of the hooks and the construction of the spring tongues is such that there is a tight fit without lateral movement. In the form shown. in Fig.6; the inclined portions; 1-1' and 12 automatically compensate for any irregularities in the for mation of the spring tongues-orv inthe-for-mation of the castings. In theform shown: in Fig 7, the springtonguesare depressed to lock the hooks in position upon being; assembled and thereby avoid lossof hooks and at the sametime provide an integral bracket.

It will be seen that the above invention provides an inexpensive. bracket, parts of which may, besold and shipped separately. Further, when assembled,.t,he hooks or, sup.- porting members fit tightly within the-spring tongues irrespective of irregularities in the formation of either. Thereis no lateralplay. The parts are rigid. The hooks areuniform- 1y spaced and: present a. neat and attractive appearance. Further, the bracket is fully capable of withstanding the rough usage to whiclrit may be subjected.

As. various changes may be made.- in; the form, structure and. arrangement of the parts without departing: from the spirit and scope oftheinvention. and without sacrificing its a'dvantages,. it is to be understood that all matter herein is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in alimit-ing sense.

Having thus. described my invention, I claim:

1-. In a device of the class described, the combination of a: strip. with resilient llOldiingfingersformed on the strip, said fingers being: spaced from eachother, and supporting, means having; abase portion adapted. to slidebetween and beneath. the ends of said fingers, said base portion having a recess adapted to permit said fingersto-snap therein andtohold said supporting means rigidly in position.

2. Ina device of the class described, the combination of a metal strip havingpieces of metal: cut from andabent out of the plane of the strip toformspring fingers, said spring fingers being arranged in pairs with the free ends spaced from and extending toward. each. other to form, a. groove therebetween, a supporting; member having a base adapted toslide inthe. groove between said fingers, said supporting member having bend further outward, and a recess in said guideways adapted to permlt said fingers to snap therein whereby the supporting member is locked in positionand removal prevented.

3. A detachable supporting member comprising a base member having lateral extensions forming tongues adapted to fit in and cooperate with members forming suitable grooves for holding the support in place, and

recesses in said lateral extensions adapted to form pockets to rece1ve the members forming the cooperating grooves thereby to lock the supporting member in place.

4. In a device of the class described, the

rality of pairs of spring tongues bent therefrom, the free ends of said tongues being spaced from and extending towards each other to form a groove therebetween, detachable hooks having lateral extensions on their base adapted to slide under and to be held in position by the free ends of saidtongues, said hooks having vertical walls adjacent said lateral extensions, said extensions having recesses therein adapted to engage the free ends of said tongues to prevent lateral displacement ofthe hooks and to hold them rigidly in position. I

WILLIAM A. COVENTRY.

combination of a metallic strip with parts punched therefrom to form spring fingers spaced from and extending toward'each oth er, a hook having a rigid baseportion adapted to slide between and beneath said fingers, the ends of said fingers being adapted to engage said hook to prevent lateral movement thereof and to resiliently retain the hook in position, and abutments on said base adapted to engage the upper edges of the spring fingers to limitthe downward movement of the hook. 5. In a device of the class described, th combination of a metallic strip having parts of the metal cut from and bent out of the plane of the strip to form spring fingers,said.

spring fingers being arranged in pairs with the free ends spaced from and extending toward each other, a hook having a base with grooves on the respective sides thereof adapted to form guideways for said bent fingers, said base being adapted to slide between the ends of and beneath said bent fingers, the under sides of the bent fingers being adapted to press against the base of said hook to hold said hook resiliently in position, and abutments on the edges of the base of the hook for engaging the upper sides of the fingers and for determining the position of the hook.

6. In a device of the class described, the combination of a strip of metal having a plurality of spaced pairs of spring tongues cut 7 and bent therefrom with the free ends thereof extending towards each other, detachable hooks having lateral extensions on their base adapted to slide under and be held in position by said tongues, said hooks having substantially vertical walls adjacent said lateral extensions, said lateral extensions being thickened and widened at the upper'portions thereof to wedge against said spring tongues at the free ends thereof to wedge said hooks in position and to prevent lateral play thereof. J r

7. In a device of the class described, the combination of a strip of metal having a plu-

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2428073A (en) * 1945-09-24 1947-09-30 Stanley T Handel Rack mounting means
US2594699A (en) * 1948-12-31 1952-04-29 Ruth E Thompson Rack for plastic dish covers
US2746661A (en) * 1954-04-08 1956-05-22 Kastar Inc Portable clothes hanger holder and carrier
US2936148A (en) * 1958-03-05 1960-05-10 Sigmund J Gralewicz Backup plate
US2962340A (en) * 1956-06-08 1960-11-29 Alden Milton Flexible support for recorder scanning element
US3672622A (en) * 1970-08-31 1972-06-27 Leon Breslow Article hanging apparatus
US3672112A (en) * 1970-04-02 1972-06-27 James B Sions Brick hangers
US3683994A (en) * 1970-12-04 1972-08-15 Robert G Eichenlaub Flexible wall-covering attaching means
US4372450A (en) * 1981-12-07 1983-02-08 Basic Line, Inc. Hanging racks
US4482121A (en) * 1979-11-16 1984-11-13 Fink Carl J Wallboard fastener
US5000411A (en) * 1989-08-10 1991-03-19 Groupe Sodepro Inc. Modular hook support assembly
WO1991006782A1 (en) * 1989-10-25 1991-05-16 Adams Mfg. Corp. Transparent wall hook
US5333743A (en) * 1992-12-04 1994-08-02 Loewke Eunice R Clothes hook assembly
US5707033A (en) * 1995-12-18 1998-01-13 Holt; Robert J. Antenna mounting apparatus
US5765699A (en) * 1996-09-10 1998-06-16 Griffin; Mark W. Apparatus for holding and storing swimming pool maintenance equipment
USD473453S1 (en) 2001-04-17 2003-04-22 Sheldon H. Goodman Hook
US20120080459A1 (en) * 2010-10-04 2012-04-05 Dy Adrian A Clothes Hanger
US8308116B2 (en) * 2010-07-16 2012-11-13 Liberty Hardware Mfg. Corp. Hanger assembly
US10016077B1 (en) * 2017-06-23 2018-07-10 Raymond M. Carney Bracket for wall mounting
US20190106937A1 (en) * 2017-10-07 2019-04-11 Idea81 LLC Window shade mounting system, and three-way mounting unit for use therein
US10729244B2 (en) * 2018-06-04 2020-08-04 A.L. Hansen Manufacturing Co. Reconfigurable storage assembly

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2428073A (en) * 1945-09-24 1947-09-30 Stanley T Handel Rack mounting means
US2594699A (en) * 1948-12-31 1952-04-29 Ruth E Thompson Rack for plastic dish covers
US2746661A (en) * 1954-04-08 1956-05-22 Kastar Inc Portable clothes hanger holder and carrier
US2962340A (en) * 1956-06-08 1960-11-29 Alden Milton Flexible support for recorder scanning element
US2936148A (en) * 1958-03-05 1960-05-10 Sigmund J Gralewicz Backup plate
US3672112A (en) * 1970-04-02 1972-06-27 James B Sions Brick hangers
US3672622A (en) * 1970-08-31 1972-06-27 Leon Breslow Article hanging apparatus
US3683994A (en) * 1970-12-04 1972-08-15 Robert G Eichenlaub Flexible wall-covering attaching means
US4482121A (en) * 1979-11-16 1984-11-13 Fink Carl J Wallboard fastener
US4372450A (en) * 1981-12-07 1983-02-08 Basic Line, Inc. Hanging racks
US5000411A (en) * 1989-08-10 1991-03-19 Groupe Sodepro Inc. Modular hook support assembly
US5433413A (en) * 1989-10-25 1995-07-18 Adams Mfg. Corp. Transparent wall hook
WO1991006782A1 (en) * 1989-10-25 1991-05-16 Adams Mfg. Corp. Transparent wall hook
US5333743A (en) * 1992-12-04 1994-08-02 Loewke Eunice R Clothes hook assembly
US5707033A (en) * 1995-12-18 1998-01-13 Holt; Robert J. Antenna mounting apparatus
US5765699A (en) * 1996-09-10 1998-06-16 Griffin; Mark W. Apparatus for holding and storing swimming pool maintenance equipment
USD473453S1 (en) 2001-04-17 2003-04-22 Sheldon H. Goodman Hook
US8308116B2 (en) * 2010-07-16 2012-11-13 Liberty Hardware Mfg. Corp. Hanger assembly
US20120080459A1 (en) * 2010-10-04 2012-04-05 Dy Adrian A Clothes Hanger
US10016077B1 (en) * 2017-06-23 2018-07-10 Raymond M. Carney Bracket for wall mounting
US20190106937A1 (en) * 2017-10-07 2019-04-11 Idea81 LLC Window shade mounting system, and three-way mounting unit for use therein
US10729244B2 (en) * 2018-06-04 2020-08-04 A.L. Hansen Manufacturing Co. Reconfigurable storage assembly

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