US1840685A - Wrench - Google Patents

Wrench Download PDF

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Publication number
US1840685A
US1840685A US404602A US40460229A US1840685A US 1840685 A US1840685 A US 1840685A US 404602 A US404602 A US 404602A US 40460229 A US40460229 A US 40460229A US 1840685 A US1840685 A US 1840685A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
wrench
handle
tongue
plate
socket
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US404602A
Inventor
Harry K Witherup
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SETH J COX
Original Assignee
SETH J COX
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SETH J COX filed Critical SETH J COX
Priority to US404602A priority Critical patent/US1840685A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1840685A publication Critical patent/US1840685A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25GHANDLES FOR HAND IMPLEMENTS
    • B25G1/00Handle constructions
    • B25G1/06Handle constructions reversible or adjustable for position
    • B25G1/063Handle constructions reversible or adjustable for position for screwdrivers, wrenches or spanners
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/48Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes
    • B25B13/481Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes for operating in areas having limited access

Description

Jan. 12, 1932. w|THERUP I 1,840,685
WRENCH Filed Nov. 4, 1929 A TTORNEYS.
Patented Jan. 12, 1932 -iTEl) STATES HARRY K. WITHERUP, OF FRANKLIN, PENNSYLVANIA, A SSIGNOR OF ,O NE-I-IALF TO' SETH J'. COX, OF FRANKLIN, PENNSYLVANIA wnnlvcn Application filed November 4, 1929. Serial No. 404,602
In the use of wrenches it is very often desirable to have the work-engag1ng surfaces of the wrench placed at different angles, or
positions relatively to the handle so that the berto be swung to varlous angles so that 1t"55 v 5 wrench may be available for handling nuts or bolts, in otherwise inaccessible posltlons. The present invention 1s deslgned to accomplish this purpose by connecting the handle with the wrench member through a pivotal 1 connection so that thehandle may be adjusted to different angles to the wrench member and thus increase its availability Preferably also the engaging surfaces of the wrench are in a removable end inthe wrench member so that different shapes of wrench slots, or wrench sockets may be provided for the wrench member. Features and details of the invention will appear from the specification and claims.
A preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings as follows Fig. 1 shows a plan view of the wrench, parts being broken away to better show construction.
Fig. 2 a similarview of a reverse side of the wrench.
Fig. 3 a section on the line 33'in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 a section on the line 4-4 in Fig. 3.
1 marks the wrench member. This has I a rearwardly extending plate 2 with an arcuate end 3 and this engages a tongue 4 having an arcuate end 5 and extending from a handle 6. A removable plate 7 is secured on the member 1 by a screw 8 and extends over the tongue 4 forming with the plate 2 a slot for receiving the tongue. The plate has an arcuate end 7 a corresponding to the end 3.
A pivot pin 9 extends through the plates 2 and? and the tongue'4 forming a pivotal connection between the handle and the wrench member. A screw 10 is screwed into a per foration 11 in the pin 9. The pin extends through a slot 12 in the tongue 4, this slot permitting freedom of relative. radial movement between the members so as to separate the arcuate edge 8 from a shoulder Gan at the rear of the tongue 4.
The handle portion is provided with a catch 13 preferably made of hardened steel 50 and secured in the handle portion by a screw desired.
1301.. This catch operates in notches 14 in the-arcuatefedge3 and is adapted to lock the wrench member invarious adjustments of its pivotal movement to permit the Wrench mem- "so as tobereleased from the notches 14 and as r pressure is restored to the handle it tends to force the catch into the notch and as the wrench is used. the tendency is to exert pressure endwise so as to maintain the catch in locking position. A wrench end 15 has a shank 16 which extends into a socket 17 in the wrench member 2. This end is prefer I ably off-set so as to make its one face flush'7o with the ends of the plate 2. A spring 18 is secured by the screw 8 and operates in a slot 19 in the plate 7 the end of the spring having a hook adapted to engage a shoulder 20 and thus lock the wrench end with the wrench "'75 member 2. The wrench end has the usual wrench aws, or work-holding devices 21.
ribs 7 b which engage ribs 1a on the wrench vv member 1. Thus making the wrench member provides an easy manner of making the socket 17 and also the slot for the tongue 4. I
In operation the wrench member is set at any angle relatively to the handle that may 3 position it for the most convenient use and the wrench end is provided having the proper slotting for engaging the size b0lt,'or nut ceiving slot; work-engaging means extending into the socket; and a locking key on the 10 handle coacting with the radially arranged slots for locking the handle with the member.
2. In a wrench, the combination of a Wrench member having radially arranged slots and a wrench-end receiving groove; a plate secured on the member, said plate form ing a tongue-receiving slot at one end of the member and co-acting with the grooveto form a wrench-end receiving socket, said plate having flanges receiving the edges of the memher; a handle having a tongue extending into the tongue-receiving slot; work-engaging means extending into the socket; and a locking key on the handle coacting with the radially arranged slots for locking the handle with the member.
3. In a Wrench the combination of a wrench member having a wrench-end receiving groove; a handle pivotally secured on the wrench member ;.a plate covering the groove and forming a wrench-end receiving socket; a screw securing the plate to the member and the wrench-end in the socket; and a spring in the socket locking the wrench-end in the socket, said spring being secured by said screw.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
' HARRY K. WVITHERUP.
US404602A 1929-11-04 1929-11-04 Wrench Expired - Lifetime US1840685A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US404602A US1840685A (en) 1929-11-04 1929-11-04 Wrench

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US404602A US1840685A (en) 1929-11-04 1929-11-04 Wrench

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1840685A true US1840685A (en) 1932-01-12

Family

ID=23600271

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US404602A Expired - Lifetime US1840685A (en) 1929-11-04 1929-11-04 Wrench

Country Status (1)

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US (1) US1840685A (en)

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1220231B (en) * 1960-06-03 1966-06-30 Imp Eastman Corp Hand bending device for pipes
US4656895A (en) * 1985-02-11 1987-04-14 Erik M. Arnhem Emergency gas shut-off tool
US4676703A (en) * 1986-04-28 1987-06-30 Swanson Carl A Reversible drill and drive tool holder
US5419221A (en) * 1994-06-16 1995-05-30 Cole; James E. Indexable head ratchet wrench
US5694818A (en) * 1995-12-11 1997-12-09 Nickipuck; Michael F. Locking joint for a ratchet wrench
US5775184A (en) * 1994-06-16 1998-07-07 Cole; James Ellis Indexable wrenches
US5784934A (en) * 1997-01-30 1998-07-28 Shinano Pneumatic Industries, Inc. Ratchet wrench with pivotable head
US5820288A (en) * 1997-04-24 1998-10-13 Splined Tools Corporation Adjustable tool with a locking hinge mechanism
US5860337A (en) * 1997-12-23 1999-01-19 Janssen; William J. Hand tool with angular interchangeable ratcheting heads
US5870932A (en) * 1996-10-01 1999-02-16 Brooke; Karlton W. Swift wrench
US6000299A (en) * 1997-06-16 1999-12-14 Splined Tools Corporation Modular tool system
US6016726A (en) * 1998-07-13 2000-01-25 Wright; Harry W. Adjustable wrench
US6161982A (en) * 1998-04-22 2000-12-19 Splined Tools Corporation Assembly with a sealed coupler
US6311583B1 (en) 2000-04-13 2001-11-06 S. P. Air Kabusiki Kaisha Ratchet wrench with pivotable head
US6397708B1 (en) * 1999-09-08 2002-06-04 Kun Chih Hung Screwdriver grip
US6405621B1 (en) 1998-03-13 2002-06-18 Snap-On Tools Company Ratchet wrench with multi-position ratchet head
US6840141B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2005-01-11 Brian T. Cole Radial indexing head tool with floating splined pin
US20050178249A1 (en) * 2003-01-09 2005-08-18 Cole Charles A. Radial indexing head tool with floating splined pin
US20070051212A1 (en) * 2005-09-06 2007-03-08 Chih-Ching Hsieh Ergonomic driving tool
US20070084310A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-19 Sp Air Kabushiki Kaisha Air ratchet tool with rotatable head
US20070141967A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-06-21 Sp Air Kabushiki Kaisha Die Grinder with Rotatable Head
US20100019214A1 (en) * 2008-07-21 2010-01-28 Indexable Tools, LLC Hammer and crowbar with adjustable claw
USD799290S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2017-10-10 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench head
USD799923S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2017-10-17 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench handle
USD809357S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2018-02-06 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench
US10209053B2 (en) 2017-03-13 2019-02-19 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Tool calibration system
USD842668S1 (en) 2017-11-20 2019-03-12 Kirk Wrench Llc Multi-functional ratchet wrench
US10363649B2 (en) 2016-07-22 2019-07-30 Kirk Wrench Llc Multi-functional wrench
US10870187B2 (en) 2017-11-20 2020-12-22 Kirk Wrench Llc Multi-functional wrench
US10919139B2 (en) 2015-02-17 2021-02-16 Snap-On Incorporated Remote wrench handle and accessories

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1220231B (en) * 1960-06-03 1966-06-30 Imp Eastman Corp Hand bending device for pipes
US4656895A (en) * 1985-02-11 1987-04-14 Erik M. Arnhem Emergency gas shut-off tool
US4676703A (en) * 1986-04-28 1987-06-30 Swanson Carl A Reversible drill and drive tool holder
US5419221A (en) * 1994-06-16 1995-05-30 Cole; James E. Indexable head ratchet wrench
US5775184A (en) * 1994-06-16 1998-07-07 Cole; James Ellis Indexable wrenches
US5694818A (en) * 1995-12-11 1997-12-09 Nickipuck; Michael F. Locking joint for a ratchet wrench
US5870932A (en) * 1996-10-01 1999-02-16 Brooke; Karlton W. Swift wrench
US5784934A (en) * 1997-01-30 1998-07-28 Shinano Pneumatic Industries, Inc. Ratchet wrench with pivotable head
US5820288A (en) * 1997-04-24 1998-10-13 Splined Tools Corporation Adjustable tool with a locking hinge mechanism
US6000299A (en) * 1997-06-16 1999-12-14 Splined Tools Corporation Modular tool system
US5860337A (en) * 1997-12-23 1999-01-19 Janssen; William J. Hand tool with angular interchangeable ratcheting heads
US6405621B1 (en) 1998-03-13 2002-06-18 Snap-On Tools Company Ratchet wrench with multi-position ratchet head
US6161982A (en) * 1998-04-22 2000-12-19 Splined Tools Corporation Assembly with a sealed coupler
US6016726A (en) * 1998-07-13 2000-01-25 Wright; Harry W. Adjustable wrench
US6397708B1 (en) * 1999-09-08 2002-06-04 Kun Chih Hung Screwdriver grip
US6311583B1 (en) 2000-04-13 2001-11-06 S. P. Air Kabusiki Kaisha Ratchet wrench with pivotable head
US6840141B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2005-01-11 Brian T. Cole Radial indexing head tool with floating splined pin
US7156003B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2007-01-02 Cole Charles A Radial indexing head tool with floating splined pin
US20050178249A1 (en) * 2003-01-09 2005-08-18 Cole Charles A. Radial indexing head tool with floating splined pin
US20070051212A1 (en) * 2005-09-06 2007-03-08 Chih-Ching Hsieh Ergonomic driving tool
US20070084310A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-19 Sp Air Kabushiki Kaisha Air ratchet tool with rotatable head
US20070141967A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-06-21 Sp Air Kabushiki Kaisha Die Grinder with Rotatable Head
US8480453B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2013-07-09 Sp Air Kabushiki Kaisha Die grinder with rotatable head
US20100019214A1 (en) * 2008-07-21 2010-01-28 Indexable Tools, LLC Hammer and crowbar with adjustable claw
US8424845B2 (en) 2008-07-21 2013-04-23 Indexable Tools, LLC Hammer and crowbar with adjustable claw
US10919139B2 (en) 2015-02-17 2021-02-16 Snap-On Incorporated Remote wrench handle and accessories
USD799290S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2017-10-10 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench head
USD809357S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2018-02-06 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench
US10363649B2 (en) 2016-07-22 2019-07-30 Kirk Wrench Llc Multi-functional wrench
USD864682S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2019-10-29 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench
USD799923S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2017-10-17 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench handle
US10209053B2 (en) 2017-03-13 2019-02-19 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Tool calibration system
USD842668S1 (en) 2017-11-20 2019-03-12 Kirk Wrench Llc Multi-functional ratchet wrench
US10870187B2 (en) 2017-11-20 2020-12-22 Kirk Wrench Llc Multi-functional wrench

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