US1815409A - Centrifugal apparatus - Google Patents

Centrifugal apparatus Download PDF

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US1815409A
US1815409A US25444828A US1815409A US 1815409 A US1815409 A US 1815409A US 25444828 A US25444828 A US 25444828A US 1815409 A US1815409 A US 1815409A
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bowls
bowl
solids
slide
annular
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Knuttel Ernst
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Knuttel Ernst
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B1/00Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles
    • B04B1/10Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles with discharging outlets in the plane of the maximum diameter of the bowl
    • B04B1/14Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles with discharging outlets in the plane of the maximum diameter of the bowl with periodical discharge

Description

July 21, 1931.

E. KNUTTEL CENTRIFUG'AL APPQATUS Filed Feb, 5, 1928 Patented July 21, 1931' UNITED STATES ERNST KNIITTEL, OF KALKBERGE/MARK, GERMANY CENTRIIIUGAL APPARATUS Application filed February 1-5, 1928, Serial No. 254,448, and in Germany February .22, 1927.

My invention relates to centrifugal apparatus and more particularly to apparatus for the continuous treatment of liquids containin suspended matter, including pulps, 5; colloi s and the like; Centrifugal apparatus of various types have already been proposed forthe treatment of such liquids, for instance apparatus having perforated or solid cylindrical, tapering or lenticular 10, bowls. In these apparatus various means are provided for separating the solids from the wall of the bowls, for instance, scrapers, means for displacing the bowls or part of their walls, or slides and valves of other kinds at the periphery of the bowls. However, for solids which are particularly finely subdivided, only unperforated bowls can be employed. A particularly diflicult problem is the centrifuging of pulps having suspended therein very finely subdivided solidsof exceptional density, as such solids stick very firmly to the walls of the bowl and are diflicult to remove by scrapers. The solution of the problem by displacing part of a tapering or lenticular bowl in order to eject the solids is not satisfactory on account of the excessive thrust exerted on the parts controllingthe displacingmechanism which may become prohibitive in machines of larger size. Discharging the solids by several slides or valves at the periphery is primitive and unreliable, apart from the fact that hard and sharp solids cause considerable'wear of these parts which interferes with the operation of the apparatus.

It is an object of my invention to provide a centrifugal apparatus which is suitable for the treatment of any liquidscontaining suspended solids, but is particularly designed for liquids containing dense and very fine solids. To this end I provide a bowl having unperforated walls, a peripheral annular discharge slot of invariable width and an annular valve which is adapted to close the slot so that the separated solids act as the packing.

In a preferred embodiment, of my invention I so design the annular valve that the solids are collected between the valve and the edges of the bowl.

Advantageously the bowl is of lenticular cross-section and constituted by two sections definin between them a peripheral slot of. invaria 1e width, and the annular valve or slide is so designed that the centrifugal action will exert on it a component tending to open the valve in order to facilitate the opening thereof.

I may arrange a plurality of bowls on a common shaft which are operated simultaneously or preferably alternately, by duplicating the annular valve and controlling a pair of bowls alternately by the two valves.

The liquid to be treated may be introduced by means of a stationary tube arranged coaxially'within the hollow driving shaft of the apparatus.

In the drawing aflixed to this specification and forming part thereof a pair of centrifugal bowls embodying my invention are illus-. trated diagrammatically by way of example in axial section.

Referring now to the drawing, a is a hollow shaft, 6 and a are centrifugal bowls keyed on the shaft each comprising an upper section (Z and e and a lower section e and d,

respectively, the two sections of each bowl defining between them a substantially lenticular annular chamber. Peripheral discharge slots f and f, respectively, are constituted by parallel faces or edges m and u on the parts (I and e and i and 'v on the parts 6 and d, respectively.

T In the parts d and e constituting the upper bowl I), a beveled face 8 is formed adjacent the parallel face on of the upper part a? and a peripheral rib 'w extends downwardly from the beveled part so as to form an annular peripheral recess 7:. on the part d. Outwardly extending flanges i and w are formed adjacent the parallel edges u and z" of the parts e and 6, respectively, the flange 5 extending downwardly and the flange wextending upwardly from the parallel faces at and 2'', re-

spectively.z h is a peripheral recess on the lower part d of the bowl 0 which is constituted by an upwardly extending rib izw': and a short beveled face adjacent to parallel edge '0. '5}? Means are provided for varying the area,

through which the goods from the bowls I), a are" discharged after having passed the slots 7, f and such means comprise an axially displaceable slide 9 which is splined on the shaft between the bowls b, 0 so as to partake in the rotation of the shaft but free to be displaced in parallel to its axis as indicated by the arrows. g and g" are cups formed at the upper and lower arms of the slide 9 and constitute a duplicate valve for the bowls. The upper cup g is equipped with a peripheral flange 3 extending into the recess h of the part d, z is a beveled face extending downwardly from the flange and z is a recess formed below the beveled face for the reception of the flange 2' on the part e. The lower cup 9 is formed with a downwardly projecting flange y, mating with the recess h, a beveled face 2" and a recess 2 mating with the upwardly projecting flan e m.

T e beveled faces 2 and 2" are provided on the valves or cups for the purpose specified, to wit, generating an axial component of the centrifugal force for facilitating the lifting of the valves.

70 and 7c are discharge passages at the upper end of the bowls b and 0, respectively, t is a stationary tube inserted coaxially and with some clearance within the hollow shaft a, j is a central partition in the tube t by Which it is subdivided into two semi-circular areas, Z is an inclined deflector arranged at the level of the central plane of the upper bowl I; at one side of the central partition j, the wall of the tube 25 being partly cut away at 0 above the deflector, and n is an annulus inserted in the hollow shaft a and surrounding the tube t. The annulus n comprises two faces flaring toward the tube if from either side of perforations p in the hollow shaft a. g is a recess formed in the bosses of the parts d, e adjacent the perforations p, and r, 1" are pipes extending downwardly into the part 6 from the recess Similar means indicated by the same letters but indexed Z etc., are provided for the lower part (1 of the lower bowl 0.

.In operation, and assuming, that the slide 9 has been moved upwards so as to close the upper bowl 6 by its cup or valve 9, the shaft a is rotated at high speed by any suitable means, not shown, liquid being supplied to the bowls b, c, and any other bowls on the same .shaft. The relative axial displacement of the flanges y and i and the flanges y and m with respect to their recesses is so determined as to provide a certain clearance-or to prevent direct engagement of the parts, the solids in the liquid'serving as the packing. This packing action occurs immediately upon the bowls being charged with liquid or upon their beginning to rotate, and is absolutely reliable. When the closed bowls are rotating and are continuously supplied with liquid the body 6 and d, and the liquid is gradually dis .pelled toward the upper and central regions of the bowls on account of its lower density, and finally is discharged at k, k.

Practically, the liquid has been completely separated from the solids when the body of solids has approximately risen to the level of the discharge passages la, is. At this moment, the slide 9 is reversed so that its cup or valve 9" closes the lower bowl 0 and its cup or valve g opens the upper bowl 6, laying open its slot 7 so that the solids are completely ejected and the bowl is ready for a fresh charge when, in turn, the lower bowl 0 has completed its operation, and the slide 9 is again reversed.

Although it is possible to get a packing between the recesses h and h, respectively, of the bowls and the flanges y and y, respectively, by the solids of the liquids alone, it may be desirable to have an additional packing. And I prefer to provide for this purpose certain paoking means inserted into the recesses h and 72 respectively, asindicated in the drawing by k.

Anysuitable means (not shown) can be provided for automatically regulating the flow of liquids in time with the reversing of the slide 9 so that liquid is only supplied to that bowl or to those bowls which has, or have, been closed by the valve or valves 9 and g.

It is to be understood that I am not limited to the construction shown and described by way of example. For instance I do not desire to be limited to any definite configuration of the bowl or bowls, of their annular slots f or f and the slide g, an important feature of my invention being that the slide 9 is adapted to close the bowl or bowls and to pack the clearance between the recesses and the flanges cooperating therewith, by the separated solids.

I wish it to be understood that I do not desire to be limited to the exact details of construction shown and described for obvious modifications will occur to a person skilled in the art.

I claim 1; In an apparatus of the centrifugal type, a bowl in two sections which define between them a substantially lenticular annular chamber having a peripheral discharge slot of fixed width, and an axially displaceable annular slide adapted to substantially close said slot; the said bowl sections being provided with annular flanges and recesses adapted to cooperate with corresponding recesses and flanges on said displaceable slide, whereby upon closure of said discharge slot by said displaceable slide the solids tend to accumulate between the said flanges and recesses to prevent the discharge of material through said slot.

2. In an apparatus of the centrifugal type, a bowl in two sections which define between them an annular chamber having a peripheral discharge slot of fixed width; one of the edges of said discharge slot being flanged outwardly and the other edge being provided with a peripheral recess, an axially displaceable annular slide provided with an annular recess and a peripheral flange; the said recess and said peripheral flange of said slide being adapted to engage, respectively, said flange and said peripheral recess of said bowl sections with a slight clearance; whereby on operation of the device the said discharge slot becomes closed by solids which collect in said clearance.

3. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein the said slide is provided with an annular beveled face between said annular recess and said peripheral flange, the bevel being at such an angle that an axial component of the centrifugal force is generated which tends to open said discharge slot.

4. An apparatusas described in claim 2 in which two bowls are mounted intandem on the same shaft with the said slide mountedas a sleeve between them, operating to close the discharge slot of one of said bowls as it opens the discharge slot of the second of said bowls.

5. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein auxiliary packing means is provided within the said peripheral recesses to close the space between said flanges and said recesses.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.

ERNST KNl jTTEL.

US1815409A 1927-02-22 1928-02-15 Centrifugal apparatus Expired - Lifetime US1815409A (en)

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DE285836X 1927-02-22

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GB (1) GB285836A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2682992A (en) * 1951-11-02 1954-07-06 Int Harvester Co Power washing cream separator and threaded drive member therefor
US5656154A (en) * 1995-06-07 1997-08-12 Organ, Inc. Method and apparatus for separating a fluid into components and for washing a material

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2682992A (en) * 1951-11-02 1954-07-06 Int Harvester Co Power washing cream separator and threaded drive member therefor
US5656154A (en) * 1995-06-07 1997-08-12 Organ, Inc. Method and apparatus for separating a fluid into components and for washing a material
US5770069A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-06-23 Organ, Inc. Collapsible container for holding a fluid during a centrifugation operation

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Publication number Publication date Type
BE349062A (en) grant
GB285836A (en) 1928-06-21 application
FR649325A (en) 1928-12-20 grant

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