US3885734A - Centrifuge apparatus - Google Patents

Centrifuge apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3885734A
US3885734A US43225874A US3885734A US 3885734 A US3885734 A US 3885734A US 43225874 A US43225874 A US 43225874A US 3885734 A US3885734 A US 3885734A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
phase material
bowl
heavy phase
zone
baffle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Chie-Ying Lee
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ALFA-LAVAL GUSTAVSLUNDSVAGEN-147 ALVIK STOCKHOLM SWEDEN A CORP OF SWEDEN AB
Original Assignee
Pennwalt Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B1/00Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles
    • B04B1/20Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles discharging solid particles from the bowl by a conveying screw coaxial with the bowl axis and rotating relatively to the bowl
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B1/00Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles
    • B04B1/20Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles discharging solid particles from the bowl by a conveying screw coaxial with the bowl axis and rotating relatively to the bowl
    • B04B2001/2033Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles discharging solid particles from the bowl by a conveying screw coaxial with the bowl axis and rotating relatively to the bowl with feed accelerator inside the conveying screw
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B1/00Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles
    • B04B1/20Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles discharging solid particles from the bowl by a conveying screw coaxial with the bowl axis and rotating relatively to the bowl
    • B04B2001/2041Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles discharging solid particles from the bowl by a conveying screw coaxial with the bowl axis and rotating relatively to the bowl with baffles, plates, vanes or discs attached to the conveying screw

Abstract

A decanter centrifuge having a screw conveyor within an imperforate bowl is provided with an annular baffle carried by the screw conveyor. Light phase material and heavy phase material is separated from a mixture thereof fed to the centrifuge bowl. The heavy phase discharge port, usually in a tapered portion of the bowl, is preferably at a greater radial distance from the rotational axis than the inner surface of the light phase material. The periphery of the baffle is closely spaced from the bowl in order to form a restricted passageway for the underflow of heavy phase material from a separating zone within the cylindrical portion of the bowl to a heavy phase discharge zone within the tapered portion of the bowl. Pressure from the materials within the separating zone, or from an independent source, is transmitted through the restricted passageway and applied to the heavy phase material undergoing discharge, thus facilitating its discharge with minimum content of light phase material. With a conical baffle, incoming feed is directed into the inwardly facing surface of the baffle and accelerated in order to minimize turbulence in the separating zone. Efficient separation is accomplished, even with materials heretofore considered unsuited for separation by a decanter centrifuge.

Description

Jetted States Patent [4 1 May 27, 1975 CENTRIFUGE APPARATUS Chie-Ying Lee, Hatboro, Pa.

[73] Assignee: Pennwalt Corporation, Philadelphia,

[22] Filed: Jan. 10, 1974 [21] Appl. No.: 432,258

Related U.S. Application Data [62] Division of Ser. No. 284,371, Sept. 6, 1972, Pat. No,

Inventor:

Primary Examiner-George H. Krizmanich Attorney, Agent, or FirmEdward A. Sager [57] ABSTRACT A decanter centrifuge having a screw conveyor within an imperforate bowl is provided with an annular baffle carried by the screw conveyor. Light phase material and heavy phase material is separated from a mixture thereof fed to the centrifuge bowl. The heavy phase discharge port, usually in a tapered portion of the bowl, is preferably at a greater radial distance from the rotational axis than the inner surface of the light phase material. The periphery of the baffle is closely spaced from the bowl in order to form a restricted passageway for the underflow of heavy phase material from a separating zone within the cylindrical portion of the bowl to a heavy phase discharge zone within the tapered portion of the bowl. Pressure from the materials within the separating zone, or from an independent source, is transmitted through the restricted passageway and applied to the heavy phase material undergoing discharge, thus facilitating its discharge with minimum content of light phase material. With a conical baffle, incoming feed is directed into the inwardly facing surface of the baffle and accelerated in order, to minimize turbulence in the separating zone. Efficient separation is accomplished, even with materials heretofore considered unsuited for separation by a decanter centrifuge.

6 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures 24 PRESSURIZED GAS CENTRIFUGE APPARATUS This is a division of application Ser. No. 284,371, filed Sept. 6, 1972, now US. Pat. No. 3,795,361.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Decanter centrifuges usually include a rotating centrifuge bowl in which a screw conveyor revolves at a slightly different speed.

Such centrifuges are capable of continuously receiving feed in the bowl and of rapidly separating the feed into layers of light and heavy phase materials which are discharged separately from the bowl. It is the function of the screw conveyor to move the outer layer of heavy phase material to a discharge port therefor, usually located in a tapered or conical end portion of the bowl.

Effective and efficient centrifugal separation requires that the light phase material, usually liquid, be discharged containing little or no heavy phase material. In addition, the heavy phase material should contain only a small amount of light phase material. For example, if the light phase material is water and the heavy phase material comprises soft solids, it is preferred that fairly dry solids and clear water be separately discharged.

In addition to being capable of performing continuous separation, decanter centrifuges have the advantage of being less susceptible to pluggage by solids than other kinds of centrifuges. Furthermore, decanter centrifuges may be shut down for long or short periods and then restarted with minimum difficulty, whereas most other centrifuges require cleaning to remove dried solids.

Despite these advantages, decanter centrifuges have seen limited application for separating a mixture of materials having nearly the same specific gravity, or wherein the heavier phase material is slippery or very fine. When the materials of the light and heavy phases have nearly the same specific gravity they separate slowly, and they tend to re-mix when disturbed by turbulence. Turbulence may be caused by axial flow within the bowl, by the splashing introduction of feed, or by agitation of the revolving screw conveyor. In conventional decanter centrifuges remixture is further promoted by contact of the phases as the heavier phase material passes through the inner layer of lighter phase material while advancing along the tapered end of the bowl. It is therefore difficult to keep such materials separated after they have been separated. In addition, even if the separated materials could be kept separated, conveying of slippery or very fine solid materials by a screw conveyor is very difficult, just as it has been virtually impossible to scroll separated liquids of low viscosity by means of the slowly revolving screw conveyor.

The present invention is directed to overcoming the aforementioned problems, thereby increasing the versatility and separating efficiency of decanter centrifuges so that they will be operable with commercially acceptable separating efficiency and effectiveness on feed mixtures which heretofore have been difficult or impossible for them to separate.

The disclosure of US. Pat. No. 3,172,851 teaches a method and apparatus for centrifugal separation which improves the ability of the conveyor to move light solids in the tapered part of the bowl toward the solids discharge port. This is accomplished when the solids discharge port is placed at a greater radial distance from the bowl axis than is the liquid discharge port.

However, with this construction the solids in the tapered end of the bowl are totally immersed in liquid until the moment before discharge, and therefore the discharged solids will be quite wet. The present invention is a substantial improvement over this prior disclosure because solids may be discharged with an appreciably lower moisture content.

As further background, it is proposed in US. Pat. application Ser. No. 15,238, assigned to the assignee of the present invention, that a decanter centrifuge of the type normally used for liquid-solids separation be used in triglyceride refining for the separation of refined oil and viscous soapstock. The present invention may be employed to facilitate liquid-liquid separation in triglyceride refining, since the heavy phase soapstock will be discharged more readily from the tapered end of the bowl together with any solids present as impurities in the soapstock. Accordingly, the present invention is further directed to the problem of enabling a decanter centrifuge to separate two liquids, whether or not solids are contained in the heavier liquid phase, yielding a clarified liquid light phase and a liquid heavy phase with suspended solids. Moreover, the improvements afforded by the present invention are applicable to the separation of low viscosity liquids.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention is applied to a decanter centrifuge of the type set forth, and preferably to the kind having the weir surface of its heavy phase discharge port at a greater radial distance from the bowl axis than the inner surface of the light phase layer. The centrifuge is provided with an annular baffle carried coaxially by the screw conveyor, preferably for movement therewith. The baffle may be flat and normal to the bowl axis, but preferably it is frusto-conical in shape and formed about the axis. In either case the baffie is positioned to divide the interior of the bowl into: a first or separation zone, and also a second zone surrounded by the tapered end portion of the bowl. The baffie has a generally circular peripheral edge in closely spaced relation to the inner surface of the bowl, thereby defining a restricted annular passageway for the underflow of heavy phase material from the first zone to the second zone. The flow area of this annular passageway should be large enough to prevent an accumulation of heavy phase material in the separation zone of the bowl, and not appreciably larger than the flow area of the solids discharge port.

The baffie extends outwardly, beyond the annular interface between the separated phases, a sufficient radial distance from the bowl axis to prevent the flow of any portion of the light phase layer from the first zone to the second zone. In this regard it is to be distinguished from prior art baffles in decanter centrifuges. For example, in US. Pat. No. 3,447,742 the baffles merely extend to just beneath the surface of the light phase layer in order to block the flow in axial direction of light solid particles floating on the inner surface of the light phase layer.

The present invention is also distinguishable from many other prior art constructions, eg US. Pat. No. 3,228,594, in that the flat or conical baffle of the present invention is positioned between the heavy phase discharge port and the entering path of feed to the bowl. It is preferred that incoming feed be directed onto the inwardly facing surface of a conical baffle so that, with the aid of acceleration vanes on such surface, as the feed flows outwardly therealong it will be given an angular velocity approaching that of the separated phases in the separating zone; and the feed will therefore enter the separating zone without creating excess ive turbulence The baffle is imperforate, at least for that portion thereof coming into contact with the materials in the separating zone, in order to prevent flow therethrough from one zone to the other zone. This is to be distinguished from the perforated construction of some parts shown in US. Pat. No. 2,593,278. Furthermore, with an imperforate baffle extending almost to the inner surface of the bowl, it is possible to establish favorable pressure relationships between the heavy phase material in the second zone and the layers of light and heavy phase materials in the separating zone.

According to the invention, the heavy phase material in the separating zone is pressurized well beyond the usual pressure applied in a conventional centrifuge, by the centrifugal force of an inner layer of light phase material having conventional depth. This is accomplished by setting the dam, discharge port, or other discharge means for light phase material so that the inner surface of the light phase material is maintained radially inward of the heavy phase discharge port, instead of being conventionally maintained radially outward of the heavy phase discharge port. The deeper layer of light phase material, under centrifugal force, subjects the underlying layer of heavy phase material to increased pressure. The increased pressure on the heavy phase material in the separating zone is transmitted therethrough via the restricted passageway to the heavy phase material in the discharging zone, thus helping to advance it to the discharge port.

Alternatively the heavy phase material in the separating zone may be pressurized, without increasing the depth of the light phase layer, by pressurizing the separating zone with gas introduced by a suitable delivery means.

With the aforesaid pressurizing means, the flow of heavy phase material is promoted from the outer layer of the separating zone through the restricted passageway and then axially and inwardly along the inner surface of the tapered portion of the bowl. Such promotion of heavy phase flow augments the action of the screw conveyor as it conveys heavy phase material to the discharge port in the tapered portion of the bowl. Even if the heavy phase is mostly liquid, it will readily flow together with sedimented solids to the heavy phase discharge port according to this invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an elevational view, partly in section, of a centrifuge embodying one form of the invention;

FIG. 2 is an elevational view, partly in section, of a centrifuge embodying another form of the invention;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged elevational view, partly in section, of a portion of the centrifuge shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary bottom view of the centrifuge portion of FIG. 3, with screw flights omitted for clarity; and

FIG. 5 is a schematic illustration of a centrifuge embodying the invention in further modified form.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Shown in FIG. 1 is a centrifuge 10 comprising a frame 12 having main bearings 14 in which are journaled the ends of a hollow, elongated centrifuge bowl 16 of circular cross section. The bowl 16 is adapted for rotation about its longitudinal axiswithiri a housing 18. A plurality of discharge ports or openings 20 are formed in one end wall 22 of the bowl 16 and annularly disposed about the rotational axis for the discharge of liquid or light phase material. A plurality of similarly disposed solids or heavy phase discharge ports or openings 24 are provided adjacent the other end wall 26.

In other respects the peripheral wall of the bowl 16 is of imperforate tubular construction, a major portion 28 thereof being cylindrical.

The end portion 30 of the bowl 16 adjacent the end wall 26 is tapered or convergent, its inner surface gradually decreasing in diameter towards and beyond the solid discharge openings 24. The liquid discharge openings 20 and the heavy phase discharge ports or openings 24 are at selectively adjustable radial distances from the rotational axis, preferably so that during proper operation the inner surface of the light phase material will be disposed radially inward of the weir surfaces of the heavy phase discharge ports 24.

Mounted coaxially of the bowl 16 in suitable bearings 31, adjacent the ends of the bowl 16, is a screw conveyor 32. The bowl 16 is rotated by connection through a pulley 34 to suitable drive means, such as a motor (not shown). In order to rotate the bowl l6 and the conveyor 32 at slightly different speeds the rotation of the bowl 16 is transmitted to a gear box 36 having torque control means 38 and thence through a spline shaft 40 within the bowl shaft to the conveyor 32.

The process feed stream, or mixture to be separated, is delivered to the interior of the centrifuge through a stationary feed tube 42. The latter projects in axial direction and terminates concentrically of a feed chamber 44 partly defined by the interior of a hub 46 having an internal lining 48.

The hub 46, which is part of the conveyor 32, carries outwardly projecting, cylindrically coiled screw flights 50, and also outwardly projecting, conically coiled screw flights 52. The flights 50 and 52 are mounted with small clearance from the bowl 16 for rotation with the hub 46 relative to the bowl 16, preferably ata speed suitably different from the speed of the bowl to move settled solids toward the discharge openings 24 for discharge therethrough. The hub 46 is further provided with one or more feed passages 54 which also extend through the lining 48 in order to discharge the feed outwardly from the feed chamber 44 for separation within the bowl 16. l

The feed chamber 44 within the hub 46 extends in axial direction from a partition 56 to an accelerator 58. The latter comprises a cup-shaped plate secured in sealing relationship with the inner surface of the hub 56 and having a vane assembly 60 secured thereto for imparting radial and tangential velocity to the feed mixture delivered thereto by the feed pipe 42. As shown, the feed pipe 42 lies concentrically within the feed chamber 44.

An annular seal (not shown) may be secured to the partition 56 to close the space between the outer surface of the feed pipe 42 and the portion 56.

A broken line a designates the maximum and desired level of materials within the cylindrical portion 28 of the bowl 16 which is maintained by the discharge ports 20. The outermost portion of the surface defining each port acts as a weir over which light phase material flows when discharged from the bowl 16.

As shown in FIG. 1, the coiled flights 52 are welded on the outer surface of a baffle 62 of frusto-conical shape. The baffle 62 tapers in the same direction as the tapered end portion 30 of the bowl 16. The smaller end 64 of the baffle 62 is securely attached to the hub 46; and the coiled flights 52 are structurally connected between the outer surface of the larger end of the baffle 62 and the hub 46. Reference is made to FIG. 3 for an illustration of the latter.

The conical baffle 62 of FIG. 1 is preferred to the modified construction of FIG. 2 in which a flat annular baffle 66 is employed.

The baffle 62 is positioned within the bowl 16 to divide the elongated chamber between the outer surface of the hub 46 and the inner surface of the bowl 16 into two axially adjacent zones: a first or separating zone 68, and a second or discharging zone 70. The second zone 70 lies radially outwardly of the baffle 62 and inwardly of the bowl 16, being surrounded by the tapered portion 30 of the bowl 16. The second zone 70 extends in axial direction from a peripheral edge or outer edge 72 of the baffle 62 to the end wall 26, although for all practical purposes the second zone 70 terminates with the discharge ports 24 for heavy phase material. The ports 24 communicate with the second zone 70. The first or separating zone 68 lies outwardly of the hub 46 and extends outwardly thereof to the inner surface of the baffle 62 on one side of the peripheral edge 72 and to the inner surface of the bowl 16 on the other side of the peripheral edge 72. The axial extent of the first or separating zone 68 is from the small end 64 of the baffle 62 to the end wall 22, terminating in the discharge ports 20 for light phase material. The cylindrical portion 28 of the bowl 16 surrounds the first zone 68. The ports 20 communicate with the first zone 68.

Preparatory to further description of the baffle 62, it is to be understood that feed entering the separating zone 68 within the rapidly rotating bowl 16 is subjected to high centrifugal forces which are usually 2000 to 4000 times gravitational force. This separates the mixture of light and heavy phase materials in zone 68 into an inner annular layer of light phase material and an outer annular layer of heavy phase material. The annular interface between the two layers in zone 68 is shown by a broken line designated e. The layer of heavy phase material lies outwardly of the 2 line; and the layer of light phase material lies inwardly of the 2 line. The inner surface of the light phase layer is approximately in axial alignment with the outermost or weir surface portion of the structure surrounding each port 20, with some allowance for cresting of the liquid discharging from the ports 20.

The e line is adjustable by adjusting the level of the ports 20. This is commonly done by providing an end wall 22 having the ports 20 in the desired location. This adjustment is usually suited to the specific gravities of the materials comprising the feed mixture, the percentage of each in the feed, the inflow rate of the feed, and various other factors. In any event, the e line may be established by known procedures.

It is important that the peripheral edge 72 of the baffle 62 be carefully positioned relative to the inner surface of the bowl l6 and the e line.

Firstly, the baffle 62 must extend outwardly beyond the inner layer of light phase material, i.e., the e line, in order to prevent the flow of light phase material from the first zone 68 to the second zone 70. It is better practice to have the peripheral edge 72 disposed outwardly of the e line a substantial distance in order to ensure that some light phase material will not be entrained by heavy phase material flowing from the first zone 68 to the second zone 70. It can also be seen that the baffle 62 must be imperforate at least for the radial distance it contacts the light phase layer, again to prevent flow of light phase material into the second zone 70.

Secondly, the peripheral edge 72 is positioned inwardly of the bowl 16 to define a restricted annular passageway 74 between them for the underflow of heavy phase material therethrough from the first zone 68 to the second zone 70. The spacing between the peripheral edge 72 and the bowl 16 determines the flow area of the passageway 74; and it should be large enough to prevent an excessive accumulation of heavy phase material in the separating zone 68, that is, at least large enough to permit passage of the heavy phase in the feed at the rate the heavy phase material is separated in the separating zone. The peripheral edge 72 must always extend in radial direction, relative to the axis, at least to the weir surface of the discharge port 24 for heavy phase material.

The centrifugal force applied to the light and heavy phase materials in the separating zone 68 produces a centrifugal pressure head which is transmitted to the heavy phase material in the discharging zone 70. This pressure head, when combined with the pressure applied by the screw conveyor 32, overcomes the oppositely directed centrifugal head of the heavy phase material in zone 70. The level of the heavy phase material in zone is shown by a broken line identified by the letter x. The level designated x is slightly inwardly of the weir surfaces of the discharge ports 24, whereby heavy phase material is discharged from ports 24.

The light phase material has a lower specific gravity than the heavy phase material; and therefore a layer of light phase material which is thicker than a layer of heavy phase material is required to provide an equivalent centrifugal pressure head. Consequently, level x is more distant from the rotational axis, in radial direction, than is level a. An advantage of a so-called deep pond of all materials in the separating zone 68, which the baffle 62 permits, is that larger volumes of feed are accommodated therein, and therefore greater throughput capacities are obtainable. Furthermore, with a deep pond in the separating zone 68 greater centrifugal forces are imposed upon sedimented solids therein, resulting in better solids compaction. The more compact the solids are in the separating zone 68, the clearer will be the separated light phase material. Compact solids also lend themselves to more effective conveying by the screw conveyor 32.

The baffle 62 is disposed between the discharge ports 24 for heavy phase material and the path traveled by feed entering the separating zone 68. This keeps the feed out of the discharging zone 70. Preferably, with a conical baffle 62 the feed passages 54 are disposed radially inward of the baffle 62, for directing feed onto the inner surface of the baffle 62 intermediate the ends thereof. Feed travels outwardly and axially along the innersurface of the baffle 62 and joins the separated materials in the separating zone 68 where it also undergoes separation. This arrangement avoids any splashing introduction of feed which might create turbulence and tend to re-mix separated materials of similar specific gravity.

It is preferred that the inner surface of the baffle 62 be provided with annularly spaced accelerator vanes 76 which extend in generally axial direction. It is the function of the vanes 76 to accelerate incoming feed and thereby bring it up toward the angular velocity of the separated layers already in the zone 68. This also minimizes turbulence in the separating zone and improves clarification.

The screw conveyor 32 and conical baffle 62 of FIG. 3 shows that a portion 78 of the baffle 62 adjacent the peripheral edge 72 is cylindrical to provide an additional structural support for the large end of the baffle 62. With this arrangement, such peripheral portion 78 is welded to the screw flights 50, thereby improving the structural integrity of the conveyor 32 and baffle 62 combination.

As shown in FIG. 4, the peripheral portion 78 has an axially facing edge 80 which generally follows the trailing edge of the associated helical screw flight 50, except that upon completion of one full turn of such screw flight a short length of the edge 80 extends in axial direction. The significance of this provision is that feed leaving the inner surface of the baffle 62 will join the materials in the separating zone 68 on the trailing side of the closest screw flight 50, the side where the least amount of heavy phase material is present. Since the screw flights 50 and 52 push heavy phase material with the leading side thereof toward the tapered end 30 of the bowl 16 there will be a build-up of heavy phase material on the leading side and very lilttle heavy phase material on the trailing side. Introduction of feed to the separating zone 68 where there is little heavy phase material present minimizes the chance of disturbing settled heavy phase material and thereby improves clarification of light phase material.

MODIFICATION The modification of the invention shown in FIG. 2 employs an annular baffle 66 which is a flat annular plate carried coaxially by the hub 46.

Where parts in FIG. 2 are similar to parts in FIG. 1, like reference numerals are employed, and descriptions thereof will not be repeated, for the sake of brevity.

The baffle 66 operates similar to the baffle 62 for creating a restricted passageway 74 for the underflow of heavy phase material. Therefore, the same considerations apply when selecting the radial distance between the peripheral edge 72 and the bowl l6, and when establishing pressure equilibrium between the phases in separating zone 68 and the heavy phase material in discharging zone 70.

It is to be noted that the feed passages 54 in the hub 46 are disposed immediately adjacent the side of the baffle 66 facing the separating zone 68. This is also in keeping with the broad concept of arranging the baffle between the discharging zone 70 and the entering path of the feed entering the separating zone 68.

OPERATION In the decanter centrifuge of FIG. 1 feed is introduced via the feed tube 42, the feed chamber 44, and the feed passages 54. Feed travels radially outwardly into contact with the inner surface of the conical baffle 62, and it is accelerated by the vanes 76 while flowing outwardly and axially along such inner surface. The feed now has an angular velocity approaching that of the contents of the separating zone 68 as it comingles with the phases therein.

Separation of the feed into an inner layer of light phase material and an outer layer of heavy phase material takes place by centrifugal action. The e line between the phases is at a level with a baffle surface, with the result that no light phase material can flow to the discharging zone 70. Light phase material exits the bowl 16 from the discharge ports 26; and a level along line a is maintained in the separating zone 68.

Heavy phase material in the separating zone 68 is moved by the screw conveyer toward the tapered end 30 of the bowl, there being a small accumulation at the entrance to the restricted passageway 74. Under pres sure from the rapidly rotating materials in the separating zone 68, the heavy phase material flows through the passageway 74 and establishes its own level x in the discharging zone 70. Level x is such that heavy phase material flows out of the discharge ports 24. Heavy phase particles such as coarse solids which offer resistance to flow, frictional or otherwise, are readily conveyed by the screw conveyor 32 to the discharge port 24.

The invention is ideally suited for the separation of secondary sewage, sludge, and other materials wherein the light and heavy phase materials are of similar specific gravity, and wherein the solids may be fine and very slippery when wet. These materials have heretofore defied separation by a decanter centrifuge without polyelectrolytes or additives.

The invention also finds meaningful application to the separation of two liquids where solid impurities in the heavy phase liquid would plug other kinds of centrifuges which continuously separate and discharge two liquids. Accordingly, the terms heavy phase and light phase have been employed to describe the materials which are separable by the centrifuge of the present invention, since the light phase material will usually be a liquid and the heavy phase material will usually be a mixture of solids or a mixture of solids and liquid.

A feature of the present invention is the provision of a discharging zone within the bowl 16, in which the heavy phase material is segregated from the light phase material during the discharging operation. A drier heavy phase discharge results. Furthermore, whereas previous decanter centrifuges required the screw conveyor to move the heavy phase material through and out of the layer of light phase material, tending to cause remixture of the phases, the present invention moves the heavy phase material alone through the discharging zone. This yields a well clarified light phase material, and a separated heavy phase material which contains a commercially acceptable amount of light phase material.

A further modification of the invention is shown schematically in FIG. 5. There, the centrifuge bowl 16 also has a heavy phase discharge port 24 in the tapered portion 30. At the opposite end of the bowl 16, light phase discharge ports 20 are provided to maintain level 0: within the bowl. In addition, a circular baffle 86 is carried by the hub 46 of the screw conveyor 32 to seal the separating chamber 68 from the atmosphere via ports 20. A still further addition is an auxiliary baffle 88 of annular shape, carried by the bowl 16. The auxiliary baffle 88 extends radially inward a sufficient distance beyond the e line to prevent the flow of heavy phase material toward ports 20.

As in the embodiment of FIG. 2, a flat annular baffle 66 is provided the FIG. embodiment. Baffle 66 is carried by the hub 46 and it extends radially outwardly toward closely spaced relationship with the bowl 16, in order to provide a restricted passageway 74 therebetween. Baffle 66 serves the same function described with reference to the embodiment of FIG. 2 and it. also seals chamber 68 from the ports 24 leading to the atmosphere.

A major distinction between the embodiments of FIG. 2 and FIG. 5 is that the embodiment of FIG. 5 effects pressurization of the heavy phase material in the discharging zone 70 by means of an external pressure source. Such pressure source is preferably a conduit 90, extending from outside the centrifuge bowl 16 through the feed tube 42 to the feed chamber 44. Pressurized gas is delivered through the conduit 90, the chamber 44 and the feed passages 54 to the separating zone or chamber 68, where pressure is applied to the inner surface of the light phase layer and transmitted through the heavy phase material in chamber 68, thence through passageway 74, to the heavy phase material in zone 70.

The pressurized gas is delivered to the separating zone 68 at pressures above the pressure which would be centrifugally developed by any portion of a light phase layer disposed radially outward of the heavy phase port 24. With this arrangement, the inner surface of the light phase material in the separating zone disposed between the baffles 66 and 86 is maintained at a level b which is radially outward of the levels a and x. The pressure from the gas, together with the compressive force appliedto the heavy phase material by the screw conveyor 32, plus the centrifugal pressure head of the light phase layer, all combine to overcome the centrifugal pressure head of the heavy phase material having level x in the discharging zone 70.

I claim:

1. In a decanter centrifuge for separating light and heavy phase materials into respective inner and outer layers from a mixture thereof and for separately discharging said materials, having an elongated imperforate bowl with a tapered portion, said bowl being adapted for rotation about its longitudinal axis, feed means for delivering the mixture to be separated into said bowl, a screw conveyor coaxially arranged with the bowl to revolve relative to the bowl for advancing heavy phase material in the direction of the tapered portion of the bowl, means for discharging light phase material from the bowl, and means for discharging heavy phase material from the bowl including a discharge port in the tapered portion of said bowl, said discharge port having a weir surface, that improvement comprising:

a baffle positioned between said axis and said bowl and dividing the interior of the bowl into a separating zone which communicates with said means for discharging light phase material, and

a discharging zone for heavy phase material which is disposed within the tapered portion of the bowl and communicates with said means for discharging heavy phase material,

said baffle having its inner edge disposed closer to said axis than the radial distance between said weir surface and said axis, and extending through the entire layer of separated light phase material in the separating zone and having its outer edge closely spaced from the bowl to define therewith a restricted passageway for the underflow of heavy phase material from the separating zone to the discharging zone and to prevent the flow of separated light phase material from said separating zone to said discharging zone,

and means for pressurizing the heavy phase material in the separating zone beyond the pressures applied thereto by the centrifugal force of separated light phase material disposed radially outwardly of the weir surface of said port, whereby the additional pressure provided by said pressurizing means is transmitted to the heavy phase material in said separating zone and. through said restricted passageway to the heavy phase material in the discharging zone for promoting the advance of the heavy phase material through the discharging zone to said port for discharge thereform.

2. A centrifuge according to claim 1 wherein the pressurizing means comprises means for delivering pressurized gas to the separating zone.

3. A centrifuge according to claim 2 wherein the means for delivering pressurized gas includes a conduit extending through said feed means.

4. A centrifuge according to claim 1 wherein the pressurizing means comprises means for maintaining the inner surface of the light phase material in said separating zone radially outward of the weir surface of said port, whereby the centrifugal pressure head of that portion of the light phase material disposed radially outward of said weir surface provides said additional pressure.

5. A centrifuge according to claim 1 wherein said baffle is annular and is carried by the screw conveyor.

6. A centrifuge according to claim 1 wherein the pressurizing means comprises means for delivering

Claims (6)

1. In a decanter centrifuge for separating light and heavy phase materials into respective inner and outer layers from a mixture thereof and for separately discharging said materials, having an elongated imperforate bowl with a tapered portion, said bowl being adapted for rotation about its longitudinal axis, feed means for deliveRing the mixture to be separated into said bowl, a screw conveyor coaxially arranged with the bowl to revolve relative to the bowl for advancing heavy phase material in the direction of the tapered portion of the bowl, means for discharging light phase material from the bowl, and means for discharging heavy phase material from the bowl including a discharge port in the tapered portion of said bowl, said discharge port having a weir surface, that improvement comprising: a baffle positioned between said axis and said bowl and dividing the interior of the bowl into a separating zone which communicates with said means for discharging light phase material, and a discharging zone for heavy phase material which is disposed within the tapered portion of the bowl and communicates with said means for discharging heavy phase material, said baffle having its inner edge disposed closer to said axis than the radial distance between said weir surface and said axis, and extending through the entire layer of separated light phase material in the separating zone and having its outer edge closely spaced from the bowl to define therewith a restricted passageway for the underflow of heavy phase material from the separating zone to the discharging zone and to prevent the flow of separated light phase material from said separating zone to said discharging zone, and means for pressurizing the heavy phase material in the separating zone beyond the pressures applied thereto by the centrifugal force of separated light phase material disposed radially outwardly of the weir surface of said port, whereby the additional pressure provided by said pressurizing means is transmitted to the heavy phase material in said separating zone and through said restricted passageway to the heavy phase material in the discharging zone for promoting the advance of the heavy phase material through the discharging zone to said port for discharge thereform.
2. A centrifuge according to claim 1 wherein the pressurizing means comprises means for delivering pressurized gas to the separating zone.
3. A centrifuge according to claim 2 wherein the means for delivering pressurized gas includes a conduit extending through said feed means.
4. A centrifuge according to claim 1 wherein the pressurizing means comprises means for maintaining the inner surface of the light phase material in said separating zone radially outward of the weir surface of said port, whereby the centrifugal pressure head of that portion of the light phase material disposed radially outward of said weir surface provides said additional pressure.
5. A centrifuge according to claim 1 wherein said baffle is annular and is carried by the screw conveyor.
6. A centrifuge according to claim 1 wherein the pressurizing means comprises means for delivering pressurized fluid to the pressurizing zone.
US3885734A 1972-09-06 1974-01-10 Centrifuge apparatus Expired - Lifetime US3885734A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US28437172 true 1972-09-06 1972-09-06
US3885734A US3885734A (en) 1972-09-06 1974-01-10 Centrifuge apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3795361A US3795361A (en) 1972-09-06 1972-09-06 Centrifuge apparatus
CA 179290 CA965757A (en) 1972-09-06 1973-08-21 Centrifuge apparatus
GB3973073A GB1408997A (en) 1972-09-06 1973-08-22 Decanter centrifuge
JP9453673A JPS5313058B2 (en) 1972-09-06 1973-08-24
DE19732344507 DE2344507C2 (en) 1972-09-06 1973-09-04
NL7312320A NL170382C (en) 1972-09-06 1973-09-06 A decanter centrifuge for separating heavy and light material.
FR7332188A FR2197658B1 (en) 1972-09-06 1973-09-06
US3885734A US3885734A (en) 1972-09-06 1974-01-10 Centrifuge apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3885734A true US3885734A (en) 1975-05-27

Family

ID=26962570

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3795361A Expired - Lifetime US3795361A (en) 1972-09-06 1972-09-06 Centrifuge apparatus
US3885734A Expired - Lifetime US3885734A (en) 1972-09-06 1974-01-10 Centrifuge apparatus

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3795361A Expired - Lifetime US3795361A (en) 1972-09-06 1972-09-06 Centrifuge apparatus

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (2) US3795361A (en)
JP (1) JPS5313058B2 (en)
CA (1) CA965757A (en)
DE (1) DE2344507C2 (en)
FR (1) FR2197658B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1408997A (en)
NL (1) NL170382C (en)

Cited By (55)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4037781A (en) * 1975-04-01 1977-07-26 Pennwalt Corporation Decanter centrifuge apparatus
US4094461A (en) * 1977-06-27 1978-06-13 International Business Machines Corporation Centrifuge collecting chamber
US4170328A (en) * 1978-02-02 1979-10-09 Kirk Clair F Desalination by the inverse function of the known (salting-out) effect within an improved centrifuge
US4245777A (en) * 1979-08-30 1981-01-20 Pennwalt Corporation Centrifuge apparatus
US4313559A (en) * 1979-01-17 1982-02-02 Westfalia Separator Ag Fully jacketed helical centrifuge
FR2508813A1 (en) * 1981-07-02 1983-01-07 Guinard Centrifugation Sa Continuous centrifugal separator - employs combined cylindrical-double conical bowl with reversible scroll
EP0099267A2 (en) * 1982-07-13 1984-01-25 THOMAS BROADBENT & SONS LIMITED Improvements in decanting type centrifuges
US4492631A (en) * 1982-01-19 1985-01-08 Ae Plc Centrifugal separator
US4714456A (en) * 1985-05-25 1987-12-22 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Solid bowl centrifuge with terminal clarification device
US4743226A (en) * 1983-04-29 1988-05-10 Geosource Inc. High capacity continuous solid bowl centrifuge
EP0288197A2 (en) * 1987-04-21 1988-10-26 Klöckner-Humboldt-Deutz Aktiengesellschaft Decanter centrifuge incorporating airlift device
US4806019A (en) * 1985-09-03 1989-02-21 Nova Scotia Research Foundation Corporation Method and apparatus for mixing two or more components such as immiscible liquids
US4898571A (en) * 1987-12-24 1990-02-06 Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz Aktiengesellschaft Solid bowl centrifuge
US5024649A (en) * 1988-08-30 1991-06-18 Bird Machine Company Bowl head assembly
US5092995A (en) * 1987-11-28 1992-03-03 Heinkel Industriezentrifugen Gmbh & Co. Invertible filter centrifuge with a filler pipe connectable to a pressurization or depressurization source
US5176616A (en) * 1989-06-29 1993-01-05 Kloeckner-Humboldt-Deutz Aktiengesellschaft Method and apparatus for the after-treatment of the thick material in the thick material discharge region of a solid bowl worm centrifuge
US5244451A (en) * 1991-02-14 1993-09-14 Kloeckner-Humboldt-Deutz Ag Method for operating a worm centrifuge having a pressurized gas introduction
US5259828A (en) * 1991-02-28 1993-11-09 Kloeckner-Humboldt-Deutz Ag Worm centrifuge
US5261869A (en) * 1992-04-06 1993-11-16 Alfa Laval Separation, Inc. Decanter centrifuge having discontinuous flights in the beach area
US5338285A (en) * 1992-08-28 1994-08-16 Mitsubishi Kakoki Kaisha Ltd. Rotary discharged type centrifugal separator having a pantograph link-type scraper
US5354255A (en) * 1992-12-17 1994-10-11 Alfa Laval Separation Inc. Decanter centrifuge with conveyor capable of high speed and higher flow rates
US5364335A (en) * 1993-12-07 1994-11-15 Dorr-Oliver Incorporated Disc-decanter centrifuge
US5380266A (en) * 1991-11-27 1995-01-10 Baker Hughes Incorporated Feed accelerator system including accelerator cone
US5403486A (en) * 1991-12-31 1995-04-04 Baker Hughes Incorporated Accelerator system in a centrifuge
US5423734A (en) * 1991-11-27 1995-06-13 Baker Hughes Incorporated Feed accelerator system including feed slurry accelerating nozzle apparatus
US5520605A (en) * 1991-12-31 1996-05-28 Baker Hughes Incorporated Method for accelerating a liquid in a centrifuge
US6024686A (en) * 1995-12-18 2000-02-15 Alfa Laval Separation A/S Decanter centrifuge with helical-rib baffle
US20020132718A1 (en) * 2000-08-31 2002-09-19 Koch Richard James Centrifuge for separating fluid components
US6561965B1 (en) 2000-10-20 2003-05-13 Alfa Laval Inc. Mist pump for a decanter centrifuge feed chamber
US20030096691A1 (en) * 2000-08-31 2003-05-22 Koch Richard James Centrifuge systems and methods
US6572524B1 (en) 2000-07-14 2003-06-03 Alfa Laval Inc. Decanter centrifuge having a heavy phase solids baffle
US6605029B1 (en) 2000-08-31 2003-08-12 Tuboscope I/P, Inc. Centrifuge with open conveyor and methods of use
US20030228966A1 (en) * 2000-08-31 2003-12-11 Koch Richard James Centrifuge systems and methods
WO2004110637A1 (en) * 2003-06-18 2004-12-23 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab A screw conveyor for a decanter centrifuge
US20050143245A1 (en) * 2002-05-08 2005-06-30 Werner Kohlstette Centrifuge especially a separator
US20050202950A1 (en) * 2002-04-22 2005-09-15 Klaus Dircks Decanter centrifuge
US20050227848A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2005-10-13 Wilhelm Ostkamp Solid bowl screw centrifuge comprising a peeling disk, and method for the operation thereof
US20060105896A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2006-05-18 Smith George E Controlled centrifuge systems
US20070084639A1 (en) * 2005-10-18 2007-04-19 Scott Eric L Drilling fluid centrifuge systems
DE102006006178A1 (en) * 2006-02-10 2007-08-16 Westfalia Separator Ag A solid-bowl screw centrifuge and method of operation
US20080008308A1 (en) * 2004-12-06 2008-01-10 Sbc Knowledge Ventures, Lp System and method for routing calls
US20090105059A1 (en) * 2002-11-06 2009-04-23 Khaled El Dorry Controlled centrifuge systems
US20100105536A1 (en) * 2005-06-14 2010-04-29 Wolf-Diethard Sudhues Three-phase solid bowl screw centrifuge and method of controlling the separating process
US20110009253A1 (en) * 2008-01-31 2011-01-13 Daniel Guy Pomerleau System and Method for Improving the Separation of Entrained Solids from a Solution Within a Centrifuge
US20110306485A1 (en) * 2010-06-15 2011-12-15 Michael Kopper Centrifugal liquid separation machine using pressurized air to promote solids transport
US20120004088A1 (en) * 2010-07-01 2012-01-05 Michael Kopper Centrifugal liquid separation machine to efficiently flow multi-phase solids from a heavy phase discharge stream
US8312995B2 (en) 2002-11-06 2012-11-20 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Magnetic vibratory screen clamping
US8316557B2 (en) 2006-10-04 2012-11-27 Varco I/P, Inc. Reclamation of components of wellbore cuttings material
CN102921562A (en) * 2011-08-09 2013-02-13 苏州优耐特机械制造有限公司 Spiral discharging centrifuge
US8556083B2 (en) 2008-10-10 2013-10-15 National Oilwell Varco L.P. Shale shakers with selective series/parallel flow path conversion
US8561805B2 (en) 2002-11-06 2013-10-22 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Automatic vibratory separator
US8622220B2 (en) 2007-08-31 2014-01-07 Varco I/P Vibratory separators and screens
US9073104B2 (en) 2008-08-14 2015-07-07 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Drill cuttings treatment systems
US9079222B2 (en) 2008-10-10 2015-07-14 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Shale shaker
US9643111B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2017-05-09 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Vector maximizing screen

Families Citing this family (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3934792A (en) * 1975-01-03 1976-01-27 Pennwalt Corporation Centrifuge apparatus
JPS6327988B2 (en) * 1979-07-05 1988-06-06 Kuretsukuneru Fumuboruto Doitsu Ag
US4323190A (en) * 1980-05-21 1982-04-06 Bird Machine Company, Inc. Centrifuge bowl end attachment flanges
JPS588342Y2 (en) * 1980-06-23 1983-02-15
US4381849A (en) * 1981-06-29 1983-05-03 Bird Machine Company, Inc. Solids-liquid slurry separating centrifuge
JPS6246448Y2 (en) * 1982-01-26 1987-12-15
DE3318793A1 (en) * 1983-05-24 1985-01-24 Kloeckner Humboldt Wedag Apparatus for dehumidifying mud
US4575370A (en) * 1984-11-15 1986-03-11 Pennwalt Corporation Centrifuge employing variable height discharge weir
DE3608664A1 (en) * 1986-03-14 1987-09-17 Krauss Maffei Ag Solid bowl centrifuge
US4950219A (en) * 1988-10-20 1990-08-21 Alfa-Laval Ab Adjustable weir structure for a decanter centrifuge
US5156751A (en) * 1991-03-29 1992-10-20 Miller Neal J Three stage centrifuge and method for separating water and solids from petroleum products
US5257968A (en) * 1991-06-06 1993-11-02 Alfa Laval Separation Inc. Inflatable dam for a decanter centrifuge
DE4222119C2 (en) * 1992-07-06 1997-07-10 Deutz Ag Apparatus and method for wet-mechanical separation of mixtures of solids
DE4231746C1 (en) * 1992-09-23 1993-11-25 Westfalia Separator Ag Solid bowl centrifuge for separating liquid-solid mixtures
US5653673A (en) * 1994-06-27 1997-08-05 Amoco Corporation Wash conduit configuration in a centrifuge apparatus and uses thereof
DE69612868D1 (en) * 1995-12-21 2001-06-21 Alfa Laval Separation Ab Decanter centrifuge
US5948256A (en) * 1997-08-22 1999-09-07 Baker Hughes Incorporated Centrifuge with cake churning
US5971907A (en) * 1998-05-19 1999-10-26 Bp Amoco Corporation Continuous centrifugal separator with tapered internal feed distributor
JP2002518159A (en) * 1998-06-15 2002-06-25 アルファ ラヴァル アクチボラゲット Centrifugal sedimentation separator
DE19952804C2 (en) * 1999-11-02 2003-07-03 Westfalia Separator Ind Gmbh Solid bowl centrifuge for processing a tendency to foaming centrifuged
US7992655B2 (en) * 2001-02-15 2011-08-09 Dual Gradient Systems, Llc Dual gradient drilling method and apparatus with multiple concentric drill tubes and blowout preventers
DE10336350B4 (en) * 2003-08-08 2007-10-31 Westfalia Separator Ag Solid bowl centrifuge, with peeling disc
US7908764B1 (en) 2008-05-05 2011-03-22 Decanter Machines, Inc. Hyperbaric centrifuge system
US20100181265A1 (en) * 2009-01-20 2010-07-22 Schulte Jr David L Shale shaker with vertical screens
DE102009001054A1 (en) 2009-02-20 2010-09-02 Hiller Gmbh Solid bowl screw centrifuge with a coarse material outlet
JP5191565B2 (en) * 2011-02-25 2013-05-08 寿工業株式会社 Centrifugal dewatering method and centrifugal dehydrator
EP2767344B1 (en) * 2013-02-15 2015-07-29 Alfa Laval Corporate AB Smoothly accelerating channel inlet for centrifugal separator

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US994497A (en) * 1910-03-30 1911-06-06 John J Berrigan Process of producing starch.
US3011696A (en) * 1947-07-23 1961-12-05 Boyland Donald Arthur Centrifuges
US3228594A (en) * 1965-02-05 1966-01-11 Clifford L Amero Centrifugal separator
US3302873A (en) * 1964-02-21 1967-02-07 Pennsalt Chemicals Corp Centrifugal solids deliquefying and treating process and apparatus
US3447742A (en) * 1965-10-21 1969-06-03 Alfa Laval Ab Sludge-separating centrifuge

Family Cites Families (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE245924C (en) *
FR958825A (en) * 1950-03-21
GB337965A (en) * 1929-11-01 1930-11-13 Aage Nyrop Improvements in centrifugal separators
NL157912B (en) * 1941-08-14
US2593278A (en) * 1945-04-12 1952-04-15 Separation I Emulsion Et Le Me Centrifuge for separating a liquid from solid material
US2614748A (en) * 1947-07-29 1952-10-21 Howard P Ritsch Centrifuge for separating solids
GB708590A (en) * 1951-05-16 1954-05-05 Separator Ab Improvements in or relating to the elimination of solid materials from oils
US3092582A (en) * 1959-03-20 1963-06-04 Black Clawson Co Centrifuge
US3172851A (en) * 1962-08-31 1965-03-09 Centrifuging liquid-solids mixtures
US3279687A (en) * 1963-05-24 1966-10-18 Bird Machine Co Centrifuge
US3285507A (en) * 1964-12-02 1966-11-15 Pennsalt Chemicals Corp Screw-type solids discharge centrifuge having means to discharge light solids
DE2037366A1 (en) * 1969-08-08 1971-02-18
US3782623A (en) * 1970-06-11 1974-01-01 Krueger As I Decanting centrifuge for draining off water from sewage sludge
DE2131427A1 (en) * 1970-06-24 1971-12-30 Nishihara Env San Res Co Ltd Sewage sludge centrifuge - with solids extracted by internal axial screw away from liquid outlets
JPS5212414Y2 (en) * 1971-07-03 1977-03-18

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US994497A (en) * 1910-03-30 1911-06-06 John J Berrigan Process of producing starch.
US3011696A (en) * 1947-07-23 1961-12-05 Boyland Donald Arthur Centrifuges
US3302873A (en) * 1964-02-21 1967-02-07 Pennsalt Chemicals Corp Centrifugal solids deliquefying and treating process and apparatus
US3228594A (en) * 1965-02-05 1966-01-11 Clifford L Amero Centrifugal separator
US3447742A (en) * 1965-10-21 1969-06-03 Alfa Laval Ab Sludge-separating centrifuge

Cited By (89)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4037781A (en) * 1975-04-01 1977-07-26 Pennwalt Corporation Decanter centrifuge apparatus
US4094461A (en) * 1977-06-27 1978-06-13 International Business Machines Corporation Centrifuge collecting chamber
US4170328A (en) * 1978-02-02 1979-10-09 Kirk Clair F Desalination by the inverse function of the known (salting-out) effect within an improved centrifuge
US4313559A (en) * 1979-01-17 1982-02-02 Westfalia Separator Ag Fully jacketed helical centrifuge
US4245777A (en) * 1979-08-30 1981-01-20 Pennwalt Corporation Centrifuge apparatus
FR2508813A1 (en) * 1981-07-02 1983-01-07 Guinard Centrifugation Sa Continuous centrifugal separator - employs combined cylindrical-double conical bowl with reversible scroll
US4492631A (en) * 1982-01-19 1985-01-08 Ae Plc Centrifugal separator
EP0099267A2 (en) * 1982-07-13 1984-01-25 THOMAS BROADBENT & SONS LIMITED Improvements in decanting type centrifuges
EP0099267A3 (en) * 1982-07-13 1984-11-07 Thomas Broadbent & Sons Limited Improvements in decanting type centrifuges
US4743226A (en) * 1983-04-29 1988-05-10 Geosource Inc. High capacity continuous solid bowl centrifuge
US4714456A (en) * 1985-05-25 1987-12-22 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Solid bowl centrifuge with terminal clarification device
US4806019A (en) * 1985-09-03 1989-02-21 Nova Scotia Research Foundation Corporation Method and apparatus for mixing two or more components such as immiscible liquids
US4790806A (en) * 1987-04-21 1988-12-13 High Robert E Decanter centrifuge incorporating airlift device
EP0288197A3 (en) * 1987-04-21 1989-10-25 Robert Edward High Decanter centrifuge incorporating airlift device
EP0288197A2 (en) * 1987-04-21 1988-10-26 Klöckner-Humboldt-Deutz Aktiengesellschaft Decanter centrifuge incorporating airlift device
US5092995A (en) * 1987-11-28 1992-03-03 Heinkel Industriezentrifugen Gmbh & Co. Invertible filter centrifuge with a filler pipe connectable to a pressurization or depressurization source
US4898571A (en) * 1987-12-24 1990-02-06 Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz Aktiengesellschaft Solid bowl centrifuge
US5024649A (en) * 1988-08-30 1991-06-18 Bird Machine Company Bowl head assembly
US5176616A (en) * 1989-06-29 1993-01-05 Kloeckner-Humboldt-Deutz Aktiengesellschaft Method and apparatus for the after-treatment of the thick material in the thick material discharge region of a solid bowl worm centrifuge
US5244451A (en) * 1991-02-14 1993-09-14 Kloeckner-Humboldt-Deutz Ag Method for operating a worm centrifuge having a pressurized gas introduction
US5259828A (en) * 1991-02-28 1993-11-09 Kloeckner-Humboldt-Deutz Ag Worm centrifuge
US5380266A (en) * 1991-11-27 1995-01-10 Baker Hughes Incorporated Feed accelerator system including accelerator cone
US5423734A (en) * 1991-11-27 1995-06-13 Baker Hughes Incorporated Feed accelerator system including feed slurry accelerating nozzle apparatus
US5527258A (en) * 1991-11-27 1996-06-18 Baker Hughes Incorporated Feed accelerator system including accelerating cone
US5658232A (en) * 1991-11-27 1997-08-19 Baker Hughes Inc. Feed accelerator system including feed slurry accelerating nozzle apparatus
US5651756A (en) * 1991-11-27 1997-07-29 Baker Hughes Inc. Feed accelerator system including feed slurry accelerating nozzle apparatus
US5403486A (en) * 1991-12-31 1995-04-04 Baker Hughes Incorporated Accelerator system in a centrifuge
US5632714A (en) * 1991-12-31 1997-05-27 Baker Hughes Inc. Feed accelerator system including accelerating vane apparatus
US6077210A (en) * 1991-12-31 2000-06-20 Baker Hughes Incorporated Feed accelerator system including accelerating vane apparatus
US5520605A (en) * 1991-12-31 1996-05-28 Baker Hughes Incorporated Method for accelerating a liquid in a centrifuge
US5527474A (en) * 1991-12-31 1996-06-18 Baker Hughes Incorporated Method for accelerating a liquid in a centrifuge
US5551943A (en) * 1991-12-31 1996-09-03 Baker Hughes Incorporated Feed accelerator system including accelerating vane apparatus
US5840006A (en) * 1991-12-31 1998-11-24 Baker Hughes Incorporated Feed accelerator system including accelerating vane apparatus
US5261869A (en) * 1992-04-06 1993-11-16 Alfa Laval Separation, Inc. Decanter centrifuge having discontinuous flights in the beach area
US5338285A (en) * 1992-08-28 1994-08-16 Mitsubishi Kakoki Kaisha Ltd. Rotary discharged type centrifugal separator having a pantograph link-type scraper
US5354255A (en) * 1992-12-17 1994-10-11 Alfa Laval Separation Inc. Decanter centrifuge with conveyor capable of high speed and higher flow rates
WO1995015820A1 (en) * 1993-12-07 1995-06-15 Dorr-Oliver Incorporated Disc-decanter centrifuge
US5364335A (en) * 1993-12-07 1994-11-15 Dorr-Oliver Incorporated Disc-decanter centrifuge
US6024686A (en) * 1995-12-18 2000-02-15 Alfa Laval Separation A/S Decanter centrifuge with helical-rib baffle
US6572524B1 (en) 2000-07-14 2003-06-03 Alfa Laval Inc. Decanter centrifuge having a heavy phase solids baffle
US20020132718A1 (en) * 2000-08-31 2002-09-19 Koch Richard James Centrifuge for separating fluid components
US20030096691A1 (en) * 2000-08-31 2003-05-22 Koch Richard James Centrifuge systems and methods
US6780147B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2004-08-24 Varco I/P, Inc. Centrifuge with open conveyor having an accelerating impeller and flow enhancer
US6605029B1 (en) 2000-08-31 2003-08-12 Tuboscope I/P, Inc. Centrifuge with open conveyor and methods of use
US6790169B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2004-09-14 Varco I/P, Inc. Centrifuge with feed tube adapter
US7018326B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2006-03-28 Varco I/P, Inc. Centrifuge with impellers and beach feed
US20030228966A1 (en) * 2000-08-31 2003-12-11 Koch Richard James Centrifuge systems and methods
US6561965B1 (en) 2000-10-20 2003-05-13 Alfa Laval Inc. Mist pump for a decanter centrifuge feed chamber
US20050202950A1 (en) * 2002-04-22 2005-09-15 Klaus Dircks Decanter centrifuge
US7156801B2 (en) 2002-04-22 2007-01-02 Alfa Laval Copenhagen A/S Decanter centrifuge with a screw conveyor having a varying pitch
US20050143245A1 (en) * 2002-05-08 2005-06-30 Werner Kohlstette Centrifuge especially a separator
US7074173B2 (en) 2002-05-08 2006-07-11 Westfalia Separator Ag Centrifuge having a centrifugal drum and a groove including a seal
US7056273B2 (en) 2002-05-29 2006-06-06 Westfalia Separator Ag Solid bowl screw centrifuge comprising a peeling disk, and method for the operation thereof
US20050227848A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2005-10-13 Wilhelm Ostkamp Solid bowl screw centrifuge comprising a peeling disk, and method for the operation thereof
US8172740B2 (en) 2002-11-06 2012-05-08 National Oilwell Varco L.P. Controlled centrifuge systems
US8561805B2 (en) 2002-11-06 2013-10-22 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Automatic vibratory separator
US20090105059A1 (en) * 2002-11-06 2009-04-23 Khaled El Dorry Controlled centrifuge systems
US8312995B2 (en) 2002-11-06 2012-11-20 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Magnetic vibratory screen clamping
US8695805B2 (en) 2002-11-06 2014-04-15 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Magnetic vibratory screen clamping
US7229399B2 (en) * 2003-06-18 2007-06-12 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab Screw conveyor for a decanter centrifuge
WO2004110637A1 (en) * 2003-06-18 2004-12-23 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab A screw conveyor for a decanter centrifuge
US20070049480A1 (en) * 2003-06-18 2007-03-01 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab Screw conveyor for a decanter centrifuge
US20060105896A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2006-05-18 Smith George E Controlled centrifuge systems
US20080008308A1 (en) * 2004-12-06 2008-01-10 Sbc Knowledge Ventures, Lp System and method for routing calls
US8523749B2 (en) * 2005-06-14 2013-09-03 Gea Mechanical Equipment Gmbh Three-phase solid bowl screw centrifuge and method of controlling the separating process
US20100105536A1 (en) * 2005-06-14 2010-04-29 Wolf-Diethard Sudhues Three-phase solid bowl screw centrifuge and method of controlling the separating process
US7540838B2 (en) 2005-10-18 2009-06-02 Varco I/P, Inc. Centrifuge control in response to viscosity and density parameters of drilling fluid
US7540837B2 (en) 2005-10-18 2009-06-02 Varco I/P, Inc. Systems for centrifuge control in response to viscosity and density parameters of drilling fluids
US20070084639A1 (en) * 2005-10-18 2007-04-19 Scott Eric L Drilling fluid centrifuge systems
US20070087927A1 (en) * 2005-10-18 2007-04-19 Scott Eric L Centrifuge systems for treating drilling fluids
WO2007090849A1 (en) * 2006-02-10 2007-08-16 Westfalia Separator Gmbh Fully jacketed screw centrifuge and process for its operation
US20100041535A1 (en) * 2006-02-10 2010-02-18 Westfalia Separator Ag Solid-bowl screw centrifuge and process for its operation
DE102006006178A1 (en) * 2006-02-10 2007-08-16 Westfalia Separator Ag A solid-bowl screw centrifuge and method of operation
US8444541B2 (en) * 2006-02-10 2013-05-21 Gea Mechanical Equipment Gmbh Solid-bowl centrifuge having a liquid discharge sealed such that a pond level in a separation space remains unchanged when pressurization occurs
US8533974B2 (en) 2006-10-04 2013-09-17 Varco I/P, Inc. Reclamation of components of wellbore cuttings material
US8316557B2 (en) 2006-10-04 2012-11-27 Varco I/P, Inc. Reclamation of components of wellbore cuttings material
US8622220B2 (en) 2007-08-31 2014-01-07 Varco I/P Vibratory separators and screens
US8771160B2 (en) * 2008-01-31 2014-07-08 F. P. Marangoni Inc. Gas injection-aided centrifugal separation of entrained solids from a solution
US20110009253A1 (en) * 2008-01-31 2011-01-13 Daniel Guy Pomerleau System and Method for Improving the Separation of Entrained Solids from a Solution Within a Centrifuge
US9073104B2 (en) 2008-08-14 2015-07-07 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Drill cuttings treatment systems
US9079222B2 (en) 2008-10-10 2015-07-14 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Shale shaker
US9677353B2 (en) 2008-10-10 2017-06-13 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Shale shakers with selective series/parallel flow path conversion
US8556083B2 (en) 2008-10-10 2013-10-15 National Oilwell Varco L.P. Shale shakers with selective series/parallel flow path conversion
US20110306485A1 (en) * 2010-06-15 2011-12-15 Michael Kopper Centrifugal liquid separation machine using pressurized air to promote solids transport
US9044762B2 (en) * 2010-06-15 2015-06-02 Centrisys Corp. Centrifugal liquid separation machine using pressurized air to promote solids transport
US20120004088A1 (en) * 2010-07-01 2012-01-05 Michael Kopper Centrifugal liquid separation machine to efficiently flow multi-phase solids from a heavy phase discharge stream
US9321058B2 (en) * 2010-07-01 2016-04-26 Centrisys Corp. Centrifugal liquid separation machine to efficiently flow multi-phase solids from a heavy phase discharge stream with a solids plow
CN102921562A (en) * 2011-08-09 2013-02-13 苏州优耐特机械制造有限公司 Spiral discharging centrifuge
US9643111B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2017-05-09 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Vector maximizing screen

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA965757A (en) 1975-04-08 grant
DE2344507C2 (en) 1984-08-09 grant
NL170382C (en) 1982-11-01 grant
JPS4986951A (en) 1974-08-20 application
JPS5313058B2 (en) 1978-05-08 grant
CA965757A1 (en) grant
NL170382B (en) 1982-06-01 application
US3795361A (en) 1974-03-05 grant
FR2197658A1 (en) 1974-03-29 application
FR2197658B1 (en) 1977-02-25 grant
NL7312320A (en) 1974-03-08 application
DE2344507A1 (en) 1974-03-14 application
GB1408997A (en) 1975-10-08 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3279687A (en) Centrifuge
US3494542A (en) Centrifuging process and apparatus
US3504804A (en) Centrifugal separator
US3623657A (en) Centrifuge apparatus
US3092582A (en) Centrifuge
US4840612A (en) Centrifugal separator and method of operating same
US2138468A (en) Centrifugal separator
US2622794A (en) Centrifugal separator
US4005817A (en) Nozzle type centrifuge
US5147277A (en) Power-efficient liquid-solid separating centrifuge
US3463316A (en) Centrifugal separating system
US5484383A (en) Orbital separator for separating more dense and less dense components of a mixture having a controllable discharge passageway
US4190194A (en) Solids liquid separating centrifuge with solids classification
US4743226A (en) High capacity continuous solid bowl centrifuge
US3348767A (en) Centrifugal separator
US3187997A (en) Horizontal type centrifugal separator
US4042172A (en) Bowl centrifuge rotor
US3047214A (en) Centrifugal process and apparatus
US3864256A (en) Filter centrifuge and method of operating same
US3447742A (en) Sludge-separating centrifuge
US3423015A (en) Continuous centrifugal separator with pool depth control
US5045049A (en) Centrifugal separator
US3285507A (en) Screw-type solids discharge centrifuge having means to discharge light solids
US4575370A (en) Centrifuge employing variable height discharge weir
US4245777A (en) Centrifuge apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: ALFA-LAVAL AB, GUSTAVSLUNDSVAGEN-147, ALVIK, STOCK

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:PENNWALT CORPORATION, A PA CORP.;REEL/FRAME:005060/0780

Effective date: 19890130