US1801187A - Oboe or similar musical instrument - Google Patents

Oboe or similar musical instrument Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1801187A
US1801187A US341453A US34145329A US1801187A US 1801187 A US1801187 A US 1801187A US 341453 A US341453 A US 341453A US 34145329 A US34145329 A US 34145329A US 1801187 A US1801187 A US 1801187A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
instrument
tube
mouthpiece
tubes
oboe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US341453A
Inventor
Donald D Artley
Hart Robert
Robert R Yeoman
Original Assignee
Donald D Artley
Hart Robert
Robert R Yeoman
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Donald D Artley, Hart Robert, Robert R Yeoman filed Critical Donald D Artley
Priority to US341453A priority Critical patent/US1801187A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1801187A publication Critical patent/US1801187A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/06Beating-reed wind instruments, e.g. single or double reed wind instruments
    • G10D7/063Oboes; Bassoons; Bagpipes

Description

April 14, 1931. D. D. ARTLEY ET AL OBOE OR SIMILAR MUSICAL INSTRUMENT Filed Feb. 20, 1929 mm; m M NN 3.4@ E ri azr w; 7 m F/ MSQ Wfl Q 1 4% a EIE, if? \\1Q\ m kg MT? N |l\ w 4v I p m Patented Apr. 14, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE DONALD D. ARTLEY, ROBERT HART, AND ROBERT R. YEOMAN, OF ELKHART, INDIANA OBOE OR SIMILAR MUSICAL INSTRUMENT Application filed February 20, 1929.
Our invention relates to an improvement in the construction of oboes or similar musical instruments, such as the English horn, that are commonly known as wood wind instruments, and it is an object of our invention to provide an instrument of this class which is made mainly of metal; to provide a novel construction of the tube and a novel tone hole construction in such an instrument; to provide an instrument the pitch of which is not interfered with by climatic changes; and to eliminate various disadvantages of the conventional wooden or hard rubber construction.
l/Ve attain these and other objects of our invention by the construction shown in the accompanying drawings, in which,
Figure 1 is a longitudinal section through a section or part of the instrument which in- 20 eludes the mouthpiece, the key mechanism of the instrument being omitted;
Fig. 2 is a similar longitudinal section view through the middle section of the instrument, the key mechanism also being 2 omitted;
Fig. 3 is a similar longitudinal section through the bell section of the instrument;
Fig. 4 is a transverse section on line H of Fig. 1, and
Fig. 5 is a transverse section through the joint connecting the first and second sections of the instrument when they are coupled together instead of being separated as shown in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings.
Like numerals designate like parts in each of the several views.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, the mouthpiece, or first section, comprises the conventional reed mouthpiece 4, an outer 40 metal tube 6, an inner tapered metal tube 7 spaced from the outer tube 6 and a telescopic joint member 8, which engages over the end of the inner tube 7. Member 8 has an annular flanged portion, or enlarged portion, 4 which engages the inner end of the outer tube 6. The joint member 8 is also provided with a suitable friction ring 9 of cork or other suitable material so that a firm joint may be made with the adjacent section of the instru- 50 ment. We provide small, preferably cylin- Serial No. 341,453.
drical channeled tone hole members 19, having the tone hole extending therethrough to the wind chamber or passage 21 of the inner tubes 21 and 21a.
The middle section 2 of the instrument illustrated in Fig. 2 is provided with a suitable joint member 13 adapted to telescope with the exposed portion of the joint member 8 of the mouthpiece section, and is provided with an annular inwardly flanged portion 12 which engages the small end of the tapered inner tube 11, while the end of the outer tube 10 seats over the outer surface of the joint member 13. The opposite end of the middle section 2 is provided with a suitable friction ring 15, adapted to frictionally engage the joint member 17 of the bell section.
Fig. 3 of the drawings illustrates the hell section 5 of the instrument, which has a telescopic joint member 17 adapted to seatover the friction ring 15 on the end of the middle section of the instrument. Member 17 has an annular extension 16 of slightly reduced diameter seating on the smaller end of the hell 5 of the instrument over the an nular recessed portion 22 of said bell. \Ve prefer to provide a suitable ring 18 seating over the end of the annular extension 16 to seal the joint and also to improve the ornamental appearance of the instrument.
To assemble the instrument for use the three sections of the instrument shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, respectively, are telescopically connected at the joints thus providing i a continuous evenly tapering wind passage through the inner tube 7 of the mouthpiece or first section and the inner tube 11 of the middle section, into the bell 5 of the bell section of the instrument. The walls of the outer tubes 6 of the mouthpiece section and outer tube 10 of the middle section are aligned. The instrument thus presents a symmetrical appearance and this construction also affords an annular air space between the two metal tubes which form the walls of the air passage and outer wall of the instrument respectively throughout both the mouthpiece and middle sections and into the bell section or wind passage. The inner tube is thus continuously tapered from the reed receiver or mouthpiece to the end of the bell and is known as the bore. The outside tubes or Walls are straight.
The tone hole construction is accomplished by the insertion of the metal cylindrically bored member 19 between the walls of the inner and outer tubes. The members 19 are silver soldered to the inside tube and soft soldered or silver soldered to the outside tube after which, operation the tone holes" are drilled. This method of construction insures a permanent airtight, non-breakable tone hole, or opening, from the inside of the inner tube to the outside of theouter tube.
The metal construction of the'instrument makes possible a slender straight body which eliminates the excess weight of the original full-sized tapered body of the wood or hard rubber oboe and also makes possible a more economical manufacturing method, more accurate fitting of any set of keys (not shown in the accompanying drawings as not a feature of our invention), and a more perfect spring action of thekey actuating mechanism. Our construction also provides a dead air space between the outerwall and wind passage tubes and this dead air space forms to a certain extent aninsulation which maintains an even playing temperature of the inner tubes 7 and 11, which form the major portion of the wind passage.
Another advantage of the metal'construction is that contraction and expansion from moisture effects and from climatic changes are reduced to a minimum which also tends to maintain a proper operation of key mecha nism. Thus the faulty points of the wood and hard rubber oboes, such as cracking and splitting in the wood, and warping and breaking of the rubber oboes, are entirely eliminated.
What we claim is:
1. In an instrument of the oboe type, a combination of sections comprising aligned tubes formin g the outer wall of the mouthpiece section and middle section of the instrument, the outer wall being straight from top to bottom to eliminate excess weight, tapered inner tubes spaced-from the aforesaid outer wall and forming a continuously tapered wind passagefrom the bell to the mouthpiece of the instrument, a bell of single wall constructionengageable on the middle section of the instrument, and a suitable mouthpiece on the mouthpiece section of the instrument.
2. In combination with the mechanism defined. in claim 1, small channeled tubes silverwall of the mouthpiece section and middle section of the instrument, the outer wall being straight from top to bottom to eliminate excess weight, tapered metal inner tubes spaced from the aforesaid outer walls and forming a continuously tapered wind passage from the bell to the mouthpiece of the instrument, and a bell of single wall-construction engageable on the middle section of the instrument. j
74:. In an'instrument ofthe'oboe type,-the combination ofa metal mouthpiece section, ametal middle section, and a metal bell section of single wall construction, joints for telescopically connecting the respective sections, the joint members having friction rings to effect a tight joint, the mouthpiece section and middle section having a wind passage wall spaced from the outer wall to provide dead air spaces therebetween, the outer wall being straight from top to bottom to eliminate excess-weight.
5. In combination with the mechanism defined in claim 3, the combination ofteles scopic members connecting the sections, and channeled cylindrical tone hole members extendingbetween and silver-soldered to the walls of the outer and inner tubes, whereby to provide a non-leakable tone hole.
6. In combination with the mechanism defined in claim 1, the combination of telescopic elements engaging the tubes, and channeled tone hole. members silver-soldered between the walls of the outer and inner tubes and aligned with the tone hole openings of said walls to provide a non-leakable tone hole. 7
7. In combination with'the mechanism defined in claim 1, small channeled tone hole members positioned between the inner surface of the outer wall and the inner tube of the instrument and hard-soldered in place to provide the required tone holes.
8. In combination with the mechanismdelined in claim 1, the combination of a middle section comprising a telescopic joint member, an inner tapered tube, an outer straight tube, a friction ring on the endof the outer straight tube adjacent to the bell section, a bellsection of single wall construction telescopically connectable with the middle section, and channeled tone hole members silver soldered between the walls of the outer and inner tubes and aligned with the tone hOlHOPGHl IlgS Of said walls toprovi de a-non-leakable tone hole, whereby to provide an instrument of long life and without excess weight.
' DONALD D. ARTLEY.
ROBERT 'HART. ROBERT E. YEOMAN.
US341453A 1929-02-20 1929-02-20 Oboe or similar musical instrument Expired - Lifetime US1801187A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US341453A US1801187A (en) 1929-02-20 1929-02-20 Oboe or similar musical instrument

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US341453A US1801187A (en) 1929-02-20 1929-02-20 Oboe or similar musical instrument

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1801187A true US1801187A (en) 1931-04-14

Family

ID=23337638

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US341453A Expired - Lifetime US1801187A (en) 1929-02-20 1929-02-20 Oboe or similar musical instrument

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1801187A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2730003A (en) * 1951-08-09 1956-01-10 Conn Ltd C G Cast liner for woodwind instruments
US3487742A (en) * 1968-03-01 1970-01-06 Warren L Mills Inner tone for a musical instrument
US4962007A (en) * 1988-10-14 1990-10-09 Verne Q. Powell Flutes, Inc. Flute tubing of laminated metal including a bonded layer of precious metal alloy
FR2799041A1 (en) * 1999-09-27 2001-03-30 Marc Schaeferdiek Metal bush for resonator of wind instrument with conical bore such as oboe

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2730003A (en) * 1951-08-09 1956-01-10 Conn Ltd C G Cast liner for woodwind instruments
US3487742A (en) * 1968-03-01 1970-01-06 Warren L Mills Inner tone for a musical instrument
US4962007A (en) * 1988-10-14 1990-10-09 Verne Q. Powell Flutes, Inc. Flute tubing of laminated metal including a bonded layer of precious metal alloy
FR2799041A1 (en) * 1999-09-27 2001-03-30 Marc Schaeferdiek Metal bush for resonator of wind instrument with conical bore such as oboe

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1801187A (en) Oboe or similar musical instrument
US1376004A (en) Headpiece for metallic piccolos
US2175191A (en) Adjustable mouthpiece for wind musical instruments
US3438298A (en) Recorder
US968694A (en) Tubing for wind instruments.
US2596260A (en) Woodwind musical instrument
US3861264A (en) Tuning slide for brass musical instruments
US2485021A (en) Tuning device for wind musical instruments
US3685388A (en) Flute
US1705634A (en) Clarinet
US9159304B1 (en) Bore-variable leadpipe for brass instruments
US1301147A (en) Attachment for cornets and other brass instruments.
US1801690A (en) Musical instrument
US1178513A (en) Mouthpiece for musical instruments.
US2602364A (en) Woodwind musical instrument
US2494231A (en) Saxophone mouthpiece
US3161102A (en) Wind instruments
WO1988007252A1 (en) A musical instrument, a method of making the same and a key therefor
US1805449A (en) Clarinet
US1411563A (en) Mouthpiece for clarinets and saxophones
US650324A (en) Bubble-blower.
US445849A (en) Pipe for wind musical instruments
US859714A (en) Flute.
Redfield Certain Anomalies in the Theory of Air Column Behavior in Orchestral Wind Instruments
US787127A (en) Mouthpiece for clarinets.