US3861264A - Tuning slide for brass musical instruments - Google Patents

Tuning slide for brass musical instruments Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3861264A
US3861264A US40923773A US3861264A US 3861264 A US3861264 A US 3861264A US 40923773 A US40923773 A US 40923773A US 3861264 A US3861264 A US 3861264A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
section
bight
inner diameter
straight
tuning slide
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Takeshi Matsumoto
Satahei Suzuki
Minoru Inoue
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yamaha Corp
Original Assignee
Yamaha Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/005Tuning devices

Abstract

In a tuning slide for brass musical instruments comprising a Ushaped hollow tube structure having a bight section and a pair of parallel straight sections each continuous to each end of the bight section to form a U-shaped wind passage therethrough, the bight and straight sections are made integral with each other as a one-piece member, and the inner diameter of the bight section is made greater than the inner diameter of the straight sections, whereby the mechanical strength at the connecting portion of the bight and straight sections is elevated, air leakage is completely prevented, and the tone passes easily and smoothly.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Matsumoto et al.

[ 1 Jan. 21, 1975 TUNING SLIDE FOR BRASS MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS [73] Assignee: Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha, Hamamatsu-shi, Japan 22 Filed: Oct. 24, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 409,237

[52] U.S. Cl 84/387, 84/394, 84/396 [51] Int. Cl. Gl0d 7/10 [58] Field of Search 84/387-394, 84/396 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 620,450 2/1899 Heald 84/394 1,206,858 12/1916 Kidder 84/394 Blessing 1. 84/394 Cardwell 84/388 Primary Examiner-Lawrence R. Franklin Attorney, Agent, or FirmKenneth S. Goldfarb [57] ABSTRACT In a tuning slide for brass musical instruments comprising a U-shaped hollow tube structure having a bight section and a pair of parallel straight sections each continuous to each end of the bight section to form a U-shaped wind passage therethrough, the bight and straight sections are made integral with each other as a one-piece member, and the inner diameter of the bight section is made greater than the inner diameter of the straight sections, whereby the mechanical strength at the connecting portion of the bight and straight sections is elevated, air leakage is completely prevented, and the tone passes easily and smoothly.

8 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PATENIE JAM I975 FIG.1 PRIOR ART SHEET 10F 2 PATEN-TEDJAN21I975 3,861,264

SHEET 20F 2 FIG. 2 PRIOR ART FIGA TUNING SLIDE FOR BRASS MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to tuning slides for brass musical instruments such as trumpets and the manufacture of the same. More particularly, the invention relates to a tuning slide having a curved portion and a pair of parallel straight portions each integral with the respective end of the curved portion.

The pitch of brass musical instruments such as trumpets is subject to subtle changes depending upon the shape of the mouth of the player, the way of blowing, pressure on the mouthpiece and ambient conditions such as temperature and the moisture. Therefore, prior to each performance the instrument must be put into tune so that it can produce normal sound.

The tuning of the brass instruments such as trumpets and cornets is done by adjusting their effective length from the mouthpiece to the bell.

FIG. 1 shows an example of the prior art trumpet. In the Figure, numeral 2 designates a main tube provided with a mouthpiece l and coupled to a U-shaped main tuning slide 5, which is in turn coupled to an inlet tube 4 of a valve assembly 3 having, for example, three valves whose outlet side is coupled to a belled tube 7 having a hell 6 at the outlet. U-shaped tuning slides 8, 9 and 10 are also coupled to the individual valves in the valve assembly 3.

FIG. 2 shows one of the tuning slides 5 and 8 to 10. As is shown, it has a U-shape consisting of a semi-circular or curved section 11 and straight sections 12 and 13 of the same inner diameter as that of the curved section 11 and abutting at one end on the respective end of the semi-circular section, the straight sections 12 and 13 being tied to the semi-circular section 11 with a ring joint fitted on each abutment portion and welded or soldered to the abutting members. In case of the main tuning slide 5, for example, the tuning slide has one of its straight sections, namely section 12, hermetically telescoped in an outer tube 16 coupled to the main tube 2 and its other straight section 13 hermetically telescoped in an outer tube 17 coupled to the inlet tube 4. The straight sections 12 and 13 are slidable with respect to the associated outer tubes 16 and 17 for adjustment of the effective length of the instrument from the mouthpiece to the bell to permit the tuning according to the players taste or in conformity to other musical instruments.

However, with this construction of the tuning slide with the straight sections 12 and 13 abutting end to end on the semi-circular section 11 joined thereto with joint rings 14 and fitted on the abutment portions and secured to the abutting members by means of soldering, a gap is likely to result at the butt joint in manufacture. In such case, it is also likely that the solder S migrated into the gap would form irregularities in the inside air passage. Such irregularities act to disturb the air flow through the tube, thus making it difficult to obtain uniform tone quality and correct tone interval. The migration of the solder would also result from the formation of a gap between the joint ring and the inner member due to insufficient soldering. In another aspect, the soldering operation must be done by skilled workers since straight tube member and curved tube member are joined together. Further, the soldering operation is prone to the generation of thermal distortions.

Furthermore, with the tuning slide of the above contruction where the inner diameters of the straight section and curved section are substantially the same, the air flow is subject to a bitch in the curved section, tending to distort the air vibrations and make the pitch unstable. In addition, the difference of the resistance against air flow between the straight section and curved section is not desired from the standpoint of playing the instrument.

In still another aspect, since the straight sections 12 and 13 of the tuning slide are made slidable with respect to the respective outer tubes 16 and 17, correct parallelism between the straight sections must be maintained in manufacture. However, this is very difficult because of the fact that the straight sections 12 and 13 are made to abut on the curved section 11, giving rise to distortions if the abutting ends are not parallel. If the correct parallelism between the two straight sections is not effected, smooth movement of the tuning slide will not be obtained. Yet further, an imperfect joint would lead to leakage of air adversely affecting the stability and performance of the instrument. Therefore, in the assemblage of the prior art tuning slide very high precision is required, and nevertheless it has been very difficult to ensure uniform quality.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The primary object of this invention is to form a U- shaped tuning slide hollow tube structure having a pair of parallel straight sections and an intermediate bight section made continuous at both ends to, and integral as one piece with, the straight sections, thereby permitting uniform tone quality and correct tone interval to be obtained, preventing air leakage, eliminating the soldering step to simplify the manufacture, and improving the mechanical strength of the structure.

Another object of the invention is to form a U-shaped tuning slide hollow tube structure having a pair of parallel straight sections and an intermediate bight section integral as one piece with the straight sections, in which the inner diameter of the straight sections is made slightly less than that of the bight portion, thereby alleviating the hitch of air flow in the bight section to ensure steady propagation of air vibrations free from distortion and steady and satisfactory pitch.

A further object of the invention is to provide a method of manufacturing a tuning slide having a U- shaped integral, one piece hollow tube structure with the inner diameter of straight sections made slightly greater than that of an intermediate bight section, comprising loading a die with a thin tubular material, closing one end of the die and forcing pressurized oil or the like into the die from the other end thereof to cause expansion of the tubular material so as to form the tube structure.

A still another object of the invention is to ensure smooth sliding movement of the tuning slide by correctly maintaining the parallelism of the two straight sections of the tube structure formed in the aforementioned method.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side view showing a prior art trumpet.

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary side view, partly broken away and to an enlarged scale, showing part of a tuning slide in the same trumpet.

FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 2 but showing an embodiment of the tuning slide according to the invention.

FIGS. 4 and 5 are views similar to FIG. 3 but showing other embodiments of the tuning slide according to the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIG. 3 shows a partly broken-away side view of part of a tuning slide according to the invention. It has an integral, one-piece, thin-wall tube structure generally designated at 20 made from brass and having a wall thickness of about 0.5 millimeter, whereby a bore or wind way is defined throughout the tube structure 20. This thin-wall tube structure is U-shaped, having a semi-circular bight or crook section 21 terminating at opposite ends in integral straight sections 22 and 23 parallel with each other. The bight and straight sections 21 23 are made of a continuous, one-piece member. The semi-circular bight section 21 has an inner diameter R greater than the inner diameter R of the straight section 22 or 23, and shoulders 24 and 25 are formed at the opposite ends of the bight section 21 terminating in the straight sections 22 and 23. For example, with a trumpet tuning slide, a satisfactory result is obtained by selecting the inner diameter R in 11.6mm and the inner diameter R in ll.3mm; however the difference between the inner diameter R of the bight section and the inner diameter R of the straight sections may be 1 millimeter or somewhat greater in other cases.

FIG. 4 shows another embodiment of the tuning slide according to the invention. In this embodiment, semicircular bight or crook section 21a of the U-shaped thin-wall tube structure has taper end portions X terminating in respective straight sections 22a and 23a parallel with each other. The bight section 21a is of course made integral as one piece with the straight sections 22a and 23a. The bight section 21a has inner diameter R which is gradually reduced along the inclined end portions to R which is the inner diameter of the straight sections 22a and 23a. A stopper ring P is fitted on each of the straight portions 22a and 23a at the end thereof adjacent the taper portions.

FIG. 5 shows a further embodiment of the tuning slide tube according to the invention. In this embodiment, semi-circular bight or crook section 21b of the U-shaped thin-wall bored tube structure terminate at opposite ends in respective integral, one-piece stopper sections T, which in turn terminate in respective straight sections 22b and 23b. The bight section 2 lb has inner diameter R greater than that R; of each of the straight sections 22b and 23b. Each stopper section T has an inner diameter R slightly greater than the inner diameter R of the bight section 21a, and its inner diameter is reduced along portions adjacent its opposite ends.

We claim:

1. A tuning slide for brass musical instruments comprising a U-shaped hollow tube structure having a bight section and a pair of parallel straight sections each continuous to each end of said bight sections, said bight section being made integral as one piece with each of said straight sections, and the inner diameter of said bight section being greater than the inner diameter of each of said straight sections.

2. The tuning slide according to claim 1, wherein the inner diameter of said bight section is greater than the inner diameter of said straight sections by about I millimeter.

3. The tuning slide according to claim 1, wherein an outer circumferential shoulder serving as stopper is formed at the juncture between each straight section and said bight section.

4. A tuning slide according to claim 1, wherein each end of said bight section is continuous to each of said straight section in a taper form so that the inner diameter of each end of said bight section is gradually reduced toward each joining straight section.

5. The tuning slide according to claim 4, which further comprises a stopper ring fitted on each said straight section at an end portion thereof terminating in the bight section.

6. A tuning slide according to claim 1, further comprising stopper sections each disposed between said bight section and each of said straight sections, each of said stopper sections being made integral as one piece with said bight section and each of said straight sections so that a bore is continuously formed throghout said straight, stopper and bight sections.

7. The tuning slide according to claim 6, wherein each said stopper section has its inner diameter reduced along its opposite end portions.

8. The tuning slide according to claim 6, wherein the inner diameter of each said stopper section is greater than the inner diameter of said straight sections.

Claims (8)

1. A tuning slide for brass musical instruments comprising a Ushaped hollow tube structure having a bight section and a pair of parallel straight sections each continuous to each end of said bight sections, said bight section being made integral as one piece with each of said straight sections, and the inner diameter of said bight section being greater than the inner diameter of each of said straight sections.
2. The tuning slide according to claim 1, wherein the inner diameter of said bight section is greater than the inner diameter of said straight sections by about 1 millimeter.
3. The tuning slide according to claim 1, wherein an outer circumferential shoulder serving as stopper is formed at the juncture between each straight section and said bight section.
4. A tuning slide according to claim 1, wherein each end of said bight section is continuous to each of said straight section in a taper form so that the inner diameter of each end of said bight section is gradually reduced toward eaCh joining straight section.
5. The tuning slide according to claim 4, which further comprises a stopper ring fitted on each said straight section at an end portion thereof terminating in the bight section.
6. A tuning slide according to claim 1, further comprising stopper sections each disposed between said bight section and each of said straight sections, each of said stopper sections being made integral as one piece with said bight section and each of said straight sections so that a bore is continuously formed throghout said straight, stopper and bight sections.
7. The tuning slide according to claim 6, wherein each said stopper section has its inner diameter reduced along its opposite end portions.
8. The tuning slide according to claim 6, wherein the inner diameter of each said stopper section is greater than the inner diameter of said straight sections.
US3861264A 1973-10-24 1973-10-24 Tuning slide for brass musical instruments Expired - Lifetime US3861264A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3861264A US3861264A (en) 1973-10-24 1973-10-24 Tuning slide for brass musical instruments

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3861264A US3861264A (en) 1973-10-24 1973-10-24 Tuning slide for brass musical instruments

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3861264A true US3861264A (en) 1975-01-21

Family

ID=23619635

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3861264A Expired - Lifetime US3861264A (en) 1973-10-24 1973-10-24 Tuning slide for brass musical instruments

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3861264A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2518789A1 (en) * 1981-12-22 1983-06-24 Ferron E Ets Trumpet has narrowly IMPROVED
US4559859A (en) * 1982-07-13 1985-12-24 Pilczuk Eugene A Musical instrument
ES2100788A1 (en) * 1994-01-10 1997-06-16 Honiba S A System for tuning trumpets
DE202009003036U1 (en) 2009-03-03 2009-07-16 Rauch, Christian Ironing for Wind Instruments
DE102009011400A1 (en) 2009-03-03 2010-09-09 Christian Rauch Retainer for wind instrument, particularly bassoon casting for bassoon, has U-shaped tube bend, where tube cross section of tube bend is approximately oval in curved area
US8324491B1 (en) * 2011-02-26 2012-12-04 John Andrew Malluck Wind instrument utilizing carbon fiber reinforced composite laminate and associated fabrication method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US620450A (en) * 1899-02-28 Cornet
US1206858A (en) * 1915-06-01 1916-12-05 Henderson N White Brass wind instrument.
US1744519A (en) * 1928-05-15 1930-01-21 Emil K Blessing Brass wind instrument
US3507181A (en) * 1967-10-25 1970-04-21 William T Cardwell Jr Cup-mouthpiece wind instruments

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US620450A (en) * 1899-02-28 Cornet
US1206858A (en) * 1915-06-01 1916-12-05 Henderson N White Brass wind instrument.
US1744519A (en) * 1928-05-15 1930-01-21 Emil K Blessing Brass wind instrument
US3507181A (en) * 1967-10-25 1970-04-21 William T Cardwell Jr Cup-mouthpiece wind instruments

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2518789A1 (en) * 1981-12-22 1983-06-24 Ferron E Ets Trumpet has narrowly IMPROVED
EP0082788A1 (en) * 1981-12-22 1983-06-29 Etablissement E. FERRON Pure sounding trumpet
US4559859A (en) * 1982-07-13 1985-12-24 Pilczuk Eugene A Musical instrument
ES2100788A1 (en) * 1994-01-10 1997-06-16 Honiba S A System for tuning trumpets
DE202009003036U1 (en) 2009-03-03 2009-07-16 Rauch, Christian Ironing for Wind Instruments
DE102009011400A1 (en) 2009-03-03 2010-09-09 Christian Rauch Retainer for wind instrument, particularly bassoon casting for bassoon, has U-shaped tube bend, where tube cross section of tube bend is approximately oval in curved area
US8324491B1 (en) * 2011-02-26 2012-12-04 John Andrew Malluck Wind instrument utilizing carbon fiber reinforced composite laminate and associated fabrication method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3474697A (en) Guitar construction
US6275597B1 (en) Loudspeaker system having a bass-reflex port
US5481956A (en) Apparatus and method of tuning guitars and the like
US4146756A (en) Moving voice coil transducer with diaphragm having concentric sections of opposite curvature
US3595981A (en) Electronic stringed musical instrument with plural resonators and pickup
US6103961A (en) Stringed musical instrument
US3989905A (en) Microphone
US2933967A (en) Electromagnetic pickup assembly for stringed instruments
US2499855A (en) Tone volume range control device for reed instruments
US2003576A (en) Oboe mouthpiece
US5578775A (en) Wire for musical instrument string
US5192821A (en) Mouthpiece for a single-reed woodwind instrument
US1684057A (en) Tensioning device for metal strings for musical instruments
GB2146428A (en) Rotation rate measuring instrument
US4056997A (en) Reed holding device for musical instruments
US2318535A (en) Mute
US3420132A (en) Reeds for woodwind instruments
US5018425A (en) Mouthpiece system for woodwind instruments
US2167625A (en) Speaker unit
US4240320A (en) Headjoint stopper
US4037506A (en) Strings for musical instruments
US1802791A (en) Automatic pitch control for horns
US3886837A (en) Musical horn acoustic path modifications
US7161077B1 (en) Gradually progressive bore BB-flat, CC, E-flat, F, or B-flat valved musical wind instrument and valved B-flat/F inverted double musical wind instrument
US2670053A (en) Cabinet for loudspeakers and the like