US2494231A - Saxophone mouthpiece - Google Patents

Saxophone mouthpiece Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2494231A
US2494231A US582702A US58270245A US2494231A US 2494231 A US2494231 A US 2494231A US 582702 A US582702 A US 582702A US 58270245 A US58270245 A US 58270245A US 2494231 A US2494231 A US 2494231A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
saxophone
mouthpiece
tone
chamber
mouth
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US582702A
Inventor
Allen P Dunn
Original Assignee
Allen P Dunn
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Allen P Dunn filed Critical Allen P Dunn
Priority to US582702A priority Critical patent/US2494231A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2494231A publication Critical patent/US2494231A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/06Beating-reed wind instruments, e.g. single or double reed wind instruments
    • G10D7/08Saxophones
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/02Mouthpieces; Reeds; Ligatures

Description

Jan. 10, 1950 N 23494231 SAXOPHONE MOUTHPIECE Filed March 14, 1945 gwue/rvbom Patented Jan. 1Q, 1950 UNITED STATES, mew o-1=i=1 e=* Application March 14, 1945, Serial No. 582,702
2 Claims. (Cl. 84383) The present invention relates to improvements in mouth-pieces for saxophones and the like.
The saxophone is called a hybrid musical instrument, because it applies the clarinet mouthpiece with a single reed to a conical brass tube. The quality of tone of the saxophone differs materially from and is inferior to that of the c1arinets and has aifinities with that of the harmonium. According to Berlioz the timbre of the saxophone has a brazen tinge.
The combination of a reed mouth-piece with a conical pipe as we find it in the saxophone influences not only the timbre, but principally the harmonies obtained by over-blowing and used to supplement the fundamental scale given out as the lateral holes are uncovered one by one.
In view of these defects the saxophone has not enjoyed much favour hitherto with high class composers.
It is an object of my invention to remedy at least some of these defects by the provision of a mouth-piece structure forming a tone of better quality.
For a further understanding of the invention, the same is described in detail and illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which:
Figure 1 is a top plan view of a saxophone mouthpiece embodying my invention;
Figure 2 is a vertical longitudinal section on line 2--2 of Figure l.
In the drawing 2 designates the tubular mouthpiece having a rearwardly tapering rear or nipple portion 3 with a bore 4 to receive the neck (not shown) of the body of the instrument. Concentric with the bore 4 and communicating therewith is a more forwardly disposed tone chamber 5 of a somewhat smaller diameter than that of bore 4. The difference between the diameters is such that one half of the difference equals the thickness of the material forming the neck of the instrument. Therefore when the neck is telescoped into the nipple bore 4, the inner surface of the neck is flush with the inner wall of the tone chamber 5. Forwardly of the tone chamber 5 and concentric and communicating therewith is the tone chamber 6. This chamber has a bore of a diameter of 1%" at the junction with chamber 5 and is enlarged forwardly in such a manner as to present a mouth I partly closed by the reed 8. The surface to which the latter is attached converges slightly forwardly with the exterior top surface 9 and to a greater extent with the surface ID which merges into a forwardly concave surface ll intersecting with surface 9. The material beneath surface I0 is relatively thin.
While in all the standard saxophone mouthpieces a single large tone chamber is provided, I prefer to have two chambers of a total smaller space, the forward chamber 6 is the smaller one of the two chambers in which the tone is created. The size as well as the rearwardly tapering shape of chamber 6 creates a back pressure which forces the reed to vibrate with a greater amplitude, and to carry the vibration into the neck of the saxophone.
Figure 2 shows the beveled portion of the mouth-piece to be relatively small. Thus the teeth of the player may be close together and the small size of the cavity of the mouth improves the tone and makes it more comfortable for the player.
Thus the latter equipped with my mouth-piece delivers much more volume and resonance of tone while the player exerts himself less than with the standard mouthpiece.
While the foregoing specification sets forth the invention in specific terms, it is to be understood that numerous changes in the shape, size and materials may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed hereinafter.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
l. A mouthpiece for saxophones provided with a passage extending therethrough and having an enlarged rear end adapted to receive the neck of a saxophone and a portion of smaller diameter forming a rear tone chamber, the opposite end of said passage forming the forward tone chamber and being smaller than said first mentioned tone chamber at the end thereof, adjacent thereto, the opposite end of said last mentioned tone chamber being of greater diameter and terminating in an entrance opening at the under side of the mouthpiece and adapted to be partially closed by a reed.
2. A saxophone mouthpiece as in claim 1, the body of said mouthpiece being externally tapered toward its forward end and the upper side thereof being reduced in thickness to combine with the upper portion of the last mentioned, forward tone chamber to form a relatively thin wall therebetween, for positioning said upper side of the forward portion of the mouthpiece adjacent to the entrance opening of the tone chamber, said upper portion of the forward tone chamber being substantially straight throughout its length and being disposed substantially parallel to the reduced portion of said upper side of the body.
ALLEN P. DUNN.
(References on following page) REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Number 4 Name Date Henton Mar. 18, 1924 Murano Nov. 26, 1946 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Y Date Great Britain A. D. 1893
US582702A 1945-03-14 1945-03-14 Saxophone mouthpiece Expired - Lifetime US2494231A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US582702A US2494231A (en) 1945-03-14 1945-03-14 Saxophone mouthpiece

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US582702A US2494231A (en) 1945-03-14 1945-03-14 Saxophone mouthpiece

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2494231A true US2494231A (en) 1950-01-10

Family

ID=24330186

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US582702A Expired - Lifetime US2494231A (en) 1945-03-14 1945-03-14 Saxophone mouthpiece

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2494231A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4041827A (en) * 1976-06-29 1977-08-16 Daglis Nicholas T Tone enhancing device for reed type musical instruments
US4449439A (en) * 1982-09-28 1984-05-22 Wells Frank E Mouthpiece for woodwind instruments
US6706958B1 (en) 2002-10-21 2004-03-16 Michael Mitacek Instrument reed enhancement device
USD747404S1 (en) * 2013-01-15 2016-01-12 Henri Selmer Paris Mouthpiece for saxophone
US9779704B1 (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-10-03 Shun-Hwa Chang Apparatus providing teeth location guide for use with single-reed woodwind instruments

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1446623A (en) * 1922-03-11 1923-02-27 Guy B Humes Reed controller for saxophones or the like
US1467524A (en) * 1922-09-05 1923-09-11 Jesse J Babbitt Saxophone and clarinet mouthpiece
US1487566A (en) * 1922-07-07 1924-03-18 Henton H Benne Mouthpiece for musical instruments
US2411692A (en) * 1943-11-27 1946-11-26 Joseph S Murano Instrument mouthpiece

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1446623A (en) * 1922-03-11 1923-02-27 Guy B Humes Reed controller for saxophones or the like
US1487566A (en) * 1922-07-07 1924-03-18 Henton H Benne Mouthpiece for musical instruments
US1467524A (en) * 1922-09-05 1923-09-11 Jesse J Babbitt Saxophone and clarinet mouthpiece
US2411692A (en) * 1943-11-27 1946-11-26 Joseph S Murano Instrument mouthpiece

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4041827A (en) * 1976-06-29 1977-08-16 Daglis Nicholas T Tone enhancing device for reed type musical instruments
US4449439A (en) * 1982-09-28 1984-05-22 Wells Frank E Mouthpiece for woodwind instruments
US6706958B1 (en) 2002-10-21 2004-03-16 Michael Mitacek Instrument reed enhancement device
USD747404S1 (en) * 2013-01-15 2016-01-12 Henri Selmer Paris Mouthpiece for saxophone
US9779704B1 (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-10-03 Shun-Hwa Chang Apparatus providing teeth location guide for use with single-reed woodwind instruments

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7326840B2 (en) Mouthpiece for a musical instrument
US5293805A (en) Mouthpiece for single reed musical instruments
US3202032A (en) Mouthpiece for saxophones and clarinets
US2494231A (en) Saxophone mouthpiece
US2397593A (en) Mouthpiece for musical instruments
US2411692A (en) Instrument mouthpiece
US10079007B2 (en) Woodwind mouthpiece with V-notch table and tone chamber insert
US2003576A (en) Oboe mouthpiece
US1395107A (en) Wind musical instrument
US2530155A (en) Tone amplifier for musical instruments
US2456299A (en) Perforated reed for wind instruments
US586032A (en) Frederick john iiartman
US3191481A (en) Reed wind instrument
US7772472B2 (en) Fipple flute made active by a brass instrument mouthpiece
CN207474047U (en) A kind of saxophone's mouthpiece pipe
CA2853197A1 (en) Clamp for a saxophone or clarinet mouthpiece
US1805449A (en) Clarinet
US2388822A (en) Reed for musical instruments
US2596260A (en) Woodwind musical instrument
US2594869A (en) Cup mouthpiece for musical instruments
US1789639A (en) Mouthpiece for wind instruments
US3568561A (en) Mouthpiece for musical instrument
US2258312A (en) Mouthpiece
US1410322A (en) Mouthpiece for brass wind instruments
US768603A (en) Mouthpiece for wind instruments.