US1780884A - Tabulating machine - Google Patents

Tabulating machine Download PDF

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Publication number
US1780884A
US1780884A US401832A US40183229A US1780884A US 1780884 A US1780884 A US 1780884A US 401832 A US401832 A US 401832A US 40183229 A US40183229 A US 40183229A US 1780884 A US1780884 A US 1780884A
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Prior art keywords
stops
pins
card
analyzer
actuated
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US401832A
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Lebeis Martin
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Remington Rand Inc
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Remington Rand Inc
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K15/00Arrangements for producing a permanent visual presentation of the output data, e.g. computer output printers
    • G06K15/02Arrangements for producing a permanent visual presentation of the output data, e.g. computer output printers using printers
    • G06K15/04Arrangements for producing a permanent visual presentation of the output data, e.g. computer output printers using printers by rack-type printers

Description

Patented Nov. 4, `1930 UNITED STATES PATENT eprice MARTIN LEBEIS, OF BERLIN, GERMANY, ASSIGNOR T REMINGTON RND m601320- BATED, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A. CORPORATION 0F DELAWARE I TABULATING MACHINE Application med October 23, 1929, Serial No. 401,832, and in Germany October 9, 1925.
This invention relates to tabulating machines of the kind that are controlled by a previously prepared record, which record usually consists of aperforated card.
45 The invention has for its principal object to extend the capacity of the machine so that a much larger amount of data canbe tabulated from a card of given size and with a given spacing of perforations than has been possible heretofore. The invention is shown applied to a Powers tabulator which, as heretofore constructed, has usually comprised sensing pins arranged in 45 rows of 12 pins each, and each card has been adapted to receive perforations in 45 rows, ,space being provided for perforation in any one or more of 12 different positions in each row. By a com aratively slight modication this same maciiine, with the same number of sensing pins disposed in the same way and adapted to use the same size card as heretofore, has its capacity doubled so that data can be tabulated in 90 denominational positions instead of in 45 as heretofore. Thisresult is eii'ected by causing each row of 12 spaces to take care ot tw'o numerals or digits instead of one as heretofore and by providing additional tabulating units in the head of the machine.
To the above and other ends which will hereinafter appear, the invention consists 1n certain combinations and arrangements'of parts and in certain details of constructlon all of which will be fully set forth herein and particularly pointed out in the claims.
An illustrative embodiment of the invention is described hereinafter and illustrated in the accompanying drawings,
Fig. 1 is a diagrammatical illustration of an accounting unit of a tabulator;
Fig. 2 shows a portion of the punched card for use in the tabulator of Fig. 1.
The invention is shown applied to an ordinar Powers tabulator which, except for the c anges hereinafter described, may be constructed and operated as usual. The machine is of the general construction shown in patents to Powers Nos. 1,245,502 of Nov. 6, 1917 and 1,245,504 of Nov. 6, 1917.
The feeler pins 18, carried by pin box 19 reciprocated in timed relation with the rest of the mechanism, o Y rate as analyzers for the punched card 21 1n the well known man-4 ner. This card is one of 'a series which may be fed between the plates 20 in sequence by mechanism which isshown in the above paten s.
At each operation of the pin box 19, certain rods 10 or 15 slidably arranged in stationary plates 16 and 17 willbe operated accordin to the punchings in the cards to set the ad ing and printing head of the machine. The rods 10 or 15 are therefore adapted to be lifted under the control of the card-perforations.
I divide the card 21 longitudinally b an imaginary line intoj two zones and in eac up and down row of 12 spaces I use the upper six spaces to indicate one digit or numeral and the lower six s aces to Aindicate another di 't or numeral. he settingof the ten types or printing and also the setting of the gear rack for adding is in each instance controlled b six spaces on the card. In order to accomplis this it is of course, in some instances, necessary to punch two holes in one rowl to represent adigit. As shown in Fig. 1 only six of the rods 15 go to one denomination posihtion and the other six rods 10 inthe same row may go to another denominational position. Each denominational position of the tabulating mechanism is thus controlled by only six rods 10 or 15. This can be accomplished in a ,variety of ways of which one is illustrated in the drawing.
Five of the rods 15 of a given denomination act on ive setting members 12() which are mounted for easy movement in the direction of alignment of the stops in a shiftable frame 121. Each tabulator denomina-A tion is equipped 'with one such frame. The
frames are guided on rods 122 by means of short slots 123 and are equipped with pins 124, engaging curved slots 125 of arms 126, These arms may be operated by spcciai se -lector pins 127. The slot 125 is so shaped their lower ends with enlarged feet adapted to be engaged by 'the selector ins 15 when the frame is moved to the lett. With the arm 126 in the position illustrated in Fig. 1, the setting members 120 operate those stop members 14 only, which are designed with the reference numerals 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9. If arm 126 is lifted, the frame 121 is so moved to the left as to bring the setting members 120 in cooperative position with the stop members 14 bearing the numerals 0, 2, 4. 6 and 8. It may or may not move out of the range of stops 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9. The arm 126 maybe lifted by means of a selector 127 and 'means are provided to cause the latter to lift the arm 126 at the beginning of its upward movement for shifting the frame 121 to the left before the other selectors 15 enga e the setting members 120.
ll of the arms 126 are positively restored by a rod 128 which is moved in unison with the analyzer pin-box 19 in the samemanner as the restoring bars 75.
The selector pins 10 pass in an oblique direction to a second unit' of the machine behind the one shown. By this arrangement a single column of perforations in a card. may be used to operate two, ten element units in the adding head. The mechanism described is controlled by punched cards provided with special perforations.
In Fig. 2 a portion of such a card is shown.
The reference numerals 0 to 9 at the sidesl denote the data represented by the perforations 22 or 21 in the respective columns. The punched card is divided in two fields 40 and 41, each of which accommodates the record of one digit for each column.
The registering, adding, printing and accumulating mechanism is of standard construction similar to that indicated in Patents 1,039,130 of Sept. 24, 1912 and 1,209,817 of Dec. 26, 1916.
The sides 11 carried by base 12 support sector shaft 23. This shaft loosely carries a luralitwY of adding rack sectors 66 and printing sectors 25.' The sector 66 is tensioned to operate to the right through the action of spring 26 acting on arm 27 integral with sector 25, when released by bail 29 carried by bail operating arms 30 mounted on shaft 23. Printing is accomplished by hammers 34 striking a type of sector 25 and driving it against the platen 28 on which is arranged a record sheet therefor.
A slot and pin connection 31, 32vpermits lay between the sectors 25 and 66 in a. well nown manner and the spring 45 permits the movement of sector 25 with relation to sector 66. These parts are well known and are operated in timed relation to the other parts above mentioned by means disclosed in the above patents.
By the present arrangement it is only necessary to replace the stop and stop carriages of the above patents with stop pins and their operating kmechanism as above set forth to produce the result desired.
The operation is as follows: It may be assumed that the digit 7 is to be recorded. As it will appear from the drawings, the fourth selector from the left is to be raised in `this instance. Upon a `short lost-motion stroke this selector engages the opposite setting member 120, thereby lifting the stop member 7'to operative position in which it will cause the printing and totalizing unit, in a Vwell-'known manner, to register the digit 7 If the digit 6 is to be registered, the selector 127 is lifted by providing suitable perforations in the card in addition to the fourth selector 15 from the left. This raises the arm 126, shifting the frame 121 to the left by action of the curved slot 125'before the fourth selector 15 actuates its setting member 120. As soon as the frame has been shifted, the selector 15 engages the setting member 120, thereby raising 'the stop `member 14 bearing the numeral 6 into operative position.
It will be apparent that `the 'frame 121need not be shifted a larger distance .than is necessary to lift the member 14 of next lower order. This will be the member 6 in this instance, while it is immaterial whether or not the adjacent member of next higher order, as for instance, the member 7, is carried along together with the actuated member because the abutment 65 on sector 66 will strike stop 6 before it `will strike stop 7. The registrationof the digit 6 is accomplished in the usual manner. When the stop members 14 are restored by the bars 75, the arm 126 is likewis'e returned to its normal position by action of the rod 128.
From this construction it may be seen `that the ten stops of the adding head may be operated from six stops in lthe analyzer.
Having thus -described my invention in what I believe its best form I desire that the disclosure be considered for purposes of illustration only and not in a limiting sense, it being possible to substitute known structures for equivalent elements l herein described.
What I desire to claim is 1. In a machine of the class described, a registering'mechanism, setting means therefor consisting of one or more units of aligned stops, setting members for said means mounted for movement in the direction of alignment of said stops, a card analyzer for individually actuating said setting members bothv in a sliding direction and collectively in the direction of alignment of said stops.
.2. Ina machine of the class described, a card analyzer unit, a registering mechanism actuated thereby, said analyzer unit having longitudinally movable members and means for automatically shifting iconnections between said members and said. mechanism.
3. In a machine of the class described, acard analyzer unit having a plurality of longitudinally movable elements, a registering mechanism actuated thereby, including stops operated by said elements and sliiitable means for connecting certain of said stops to said elements.
4. In a machine of the class described, a card analyzer unit having a plurality of longitudinally movable elements, a registering mechanism actuated thereby including stops operated by said elements, certain of said stops being normally disconnected from said elements and sliiftable means Jfor connecting said certain stops with said elements.
5. In a machine of the class described, a
.. card analyzer unit having a plurality of longitudinally movable elements, a registering mechanism actuated thereby including stops operated by said elements, certain of said stops being normall disconnected from said elements and shifta le means for connecting said certain stops with said elements upon longitudinal movement of one of said elements.
6. In a machine of the class described, a card analyzer unit having a plurality of longitudinally movable elements, a registering mechanism actuated thereby including stops operatedv by said elements and shiftable means for connecting certain of said stops to said elements upon longitudinal movement of one of said elements.
7. In a machine of the class described, a card analyzer unit having a plurality of longitudinally movable elements, a registering mechanism actuated thereby including a number of stops not connected to said elements iii said analyzer and shiftable means for connecting said disconnected stops to said analyzer.
8. In a machine of the class described, a card analyzer unit having a plurality of longitudinally movable elements, a registering mechanism actuated thereby including a number of stops not connected to said elements in said analyzer and shiftable means for connecting said disconnected stops to said analyzer having an operator connected to one of said elements. i
9. In a machine of the class described, a card analyzer unit having a. plurality of longitudinally movable elements, a registering mechanism actuated thereby including a number of stops not connected to said elements in said analyzer and shiftable means for connecting said disconnected stops to said analyzer and disconnecting any sto as normally connected to said analyzer.
l0. In a. tabulator, an analyzer having pins stops actuated thereby, a register controlle by said stops, and an interconnecting device between said stops-and pins for causing certain of said stops to be actuated by said pins only when said interconnecting device is operated.
1l. In atabuluator, an analyzer having pins, stops actuated thereby, a register con trolled by said stops, an interconnecting device between said stops and pins for causing certain of said stops to be actuated bysaid pins only when said interconnecting device is operated, and operating connections between said analyzer` and interconnecting device.
12. In a tabulator, a card analyzer having pins, stops actuated thereby, a register controlled by said stops and interconnectin elements disposed between said pins and stops, mounted on a movable carriage, one end of each of said elements being enlarged to cooperate with one of said pins in any position of said carriage within its range of movement.
13. In a tabulator, a. card analyzer having pins, stops actuated thereby, a register`controlled by said stops, interconnecting elements disposed between said pins and stops, mounted on a movable carriage, one end of each of said elements being enlarged to cooperate with one of said pins in any position of said carriage within its range of movement and means for moving said Ycarriage including one of said pins. j'
14. In a tabulator, a card analyzer having pins, stops actuated thereby, a register controlled by said stops, interconnecting elements disposed between said pins and stops, mounted on a movable carriage, one end of each of said elements being enlarged to cooperate with oiie of said pins in any position of said carriage within its range of movenient and means for moving said carriage including one of said pins, the other end of said elements arranged to actuate more than one stop depending upon the position ofvsaid carriage.
15. In a tabulator, a card analyzer having pins, stops actuated thereby, a register controlled by said stops, interconnecting elements mounted on a movable carriage disposed between said pins and stops, means for moving said carriage including one ofvsaid 115 pins, said means being operable before the operation of said stops by said pins. Y
16. In a tabulator, a card analyzer having pins, stops actuated thereby, a register con` trolled by said stops, interconnecting elements 12o mounted on a movable carriage for interchangeably connecting said pins with diii'erent ones of said stops, and actuating means for said interconnecting elements.
17. In a tabula-tor, a card analyzer having 125 pins, stops actuated thereby, a register controlled by said stops, interconnectin elements mounted on a mcvable carriage or interchangeably connecting said pins with different ones of said sto s and actuatin means isc for said interconnecting elements prior to the normal operation of the stops by others of saidpins.
18. In a tabulator, a, card' analyzer having 5 pins, stops actuated thereby, a register controlied by said stops, interconnecting e1ements mounted on a movable carriage for interchangeably connecting said pins with different ones of said stops, said pins being arm ranged with 10st motion between their ends and said elements, one of said pins connected to actuate said carriage without lost motion. `Signed at Berlin, Germany, this 7th day of October, A. D. 1929. 15 MARTIN LEBEIQ.
US401832A 1925-10-09 1929-10-23 Tabulating machine Expired - Lifetime US1780884A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2501444A (en) * 1946-06-12 1950-03-21 Addressograph Multigraph Calculating machine
US2739867A (en) * 1952-11-27 1956-03-27 Powers Samas Account Mach Ltd Statistical machines
US2987243A (en) * 1957-11-15 1961-06-06 Monroe Calculating Machine Read-in decoding translator for lister calculators

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2501444A (en) * 1946-06-12 1950-03-21 Addressograph Multigraph Calculating machine
US2739867A (en) * 1952-11-27 1956-03-27 Powers Samas Account Mach Ltd Statistical machines
US2987243A (en) * 1957-11-15 1961-06-06 Monroe Calculating Machine Read-in decoding translator for lister calculators

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