US2195844A - Card punch and printer - Google Patents

Card punch and printer Download PDF

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Publication number
US2195844A
US2195844A US150942A US15094237A US2195844A US 2195844 A US2195844 A US 2195844A US 150942 A US150942 A US 150942A US 15094237 A US15094237 A US 15094237A US 2195844 A US2195844 A US 2195844A
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United States
Prior art keywords
punch
card
columns
printing
punching
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US150942A
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Pein Edward J Von
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International Business Machines Corp
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International Business Machines Corp
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Publication date
Priority to NL67274D priority Critical patent/NL67274C/xx
Application filed by International Business Machines Corp filed Critical International Business Machines Corp
Priority to US150942A priority patent/US2195844A/en
Priority to DE1938I0061740 priority patent/DE697401C/en
Priority to GB1919338A priority patent/GB517067A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2195844A publication Critical patent/US2195844A/en
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  • the record card has parallel columns of per- 5 foration receiving points or index points or positions, variously perforated according to a selected code to represent data.
  • the cards when subsequently run through accounting machines such as tabulators or sorters control the latter according to the perforations.
  • the Hollerith code is used, in which each column is given a single perforation to represent a value.
  • the index points are assigned values 9 to and a perforation in one of these points represents the value corresponding to the index points.
  • the 8 position of a card column is punched to represent value 8.
  • the card is usually printed at the top along a single line with the values punched in the card columns, each printed character being at the top of the column interpreted thereby.
  • the width of a printed character plus its spacing from the adjacent characters can oo- 25 cupy only the width of a column.
  • the interpretation given in a single line of narrowly spaced printed characters is too crowded to provide for convenient and facile reading.
  • the eighty column card in which the columns are narrow and the punched hole in a column is oblong and correspondingly narrow.
  • An object of the present invention is to provide means for interpreting punched columns by printing characters not restricted in width to the width of a card column.
  • this object is to print the column interpretations along difierent lines, thereby spacing the characters further apart along eachline for a given number of columns.
  • this object is to print the interpretation of the punched representations along the top and bottom of the card columns to per- 45 mit wider and more legible characters to be printed.
  • Another object is to provide an improved combination printer and punch for record cards. Further, the latter object provides for a lesser number of punch columns than the number of card columns to be punched thereby.
  • the latter object contemplates adjustment of the punch columns and card relatively to each other to shift the relative positions between the card columns and the punches so as to enable the latter to alternately punch different spaced groups of card columns.
  • the latter object also includes the joint adjustment of the printing means and the selection of the columns to be punched whereby when cer- 5 tain columns are punched, the printing means prints along one line and when other columns are punched, the printing means prints along a different line.
  • Still another object is to provide novel means for selectively blocking any printing for interl5 preting any desired card columns.
  • Fig. 1 is a plan view of the machine with most of the top cover broken away
  • Fig. 2 is an outside side view
  • Fig. 3 is a section along lines 3-3 of Fig. 1,
  • Fig. 4 is a plan view with the casing removed and top parts removed to show the interior
  • Figs. 5 and 6 are sections, respectively, along lines 55 and 6-6 of Fig. 1,
  • Figs. 7, 8, and 9 are sections, respectively, along lines 'I'
  • Fig. 10 is a view of a-card operated on
  • Fig. 11 is a side section through a modification.
  • the machine comprises a casing l0 enclosing a U-shaped or channel frame H, between the sides of which is fixed a cross bar l2 (Figs. 1 and 3). Journaled by the frame is a shaft 13 parallel to bar l2.
  • Parallel punch and type bars I4 arranged side by side andwhich may be referred to as punch bars, have horizontal elongated slots l5 through which bar l2 and shaft l3 pass to guide the punch bars for horizontal slidable adjustment.
  • the punch bars are arranged in groups, spaced apart by space bars l6 (Figs. 1 and 6) to keep the punch bars in proper printing and punching planes.
  • the machine has ten punch bars I4 for punching twenty card columns, numbered and arranged as in Fig. 10.
  • the number of punch bars and the width of the machine may be varied according to the number of columns of 55 the card T to be punched, in each case half as many punch bars as card columns being provided.
  • Each punch bar has a width equal to that of two card columns and has means to punch and interpret two adjacent card columns, one column at a time.
  • the first, right hand punchbar (as viewed in Fig. 1) has means adapted to punch columns I and 2 of the card shown in Fig. 10 and to print the interpretation of these columns.
  • the scheme of operation is such that upon one operation of the machine, the punch bar means may punch column I (transaction colunm) with the designation representing the required datum and print this datum along the top of the card while on the second operation of the machine the,
  • punch bar means may punch column 2 (number of items) and print the interpretation along the bottom of the card. Similarly, all the other odd numbered columns may be punched and their interpretation printed along the top of the card during one operation of the machine and upon a succeeding operation of the machine, the alternate even numbered columns punched and interpreted at the bottom of the, card.
  • each punch bar I4 is formed with a horizontally elongated card slot I6 for receiving the card T.
  • the bar Approximately at the middle of the punch bar and exactly centrally between the sides of the bar (see Figs. 1, 3, and 6), the bar has a punching couple consisting of a punch pin II vertically slidably mounted in the bar above slot I6 and a punch die I8 below slot I6 and vertically alined with punch pin I I. Since each bar I4 is the width of two card columns and the punch couple is centrally located between the sides of the bar, the adjacent punch couples are also spaced apart the width of two card columns.
  • the interposed column is one column width away from either punch couple. Now, if the card be moved transversely the distance of one column width, the interposed column will come into line with an adjacent punch couple.
  • the punching couple is adapted to punch an elongated oblong hole in a card column (see Fig. 10).
  • the upper end of each punch pin I'I passes through an elongated slot I9 (Fig. 3) in a punch restoring plate 20 of spring metal which is rigidly secured to a punch pressure plate 2I.
  • the restoring plate 20 and pressure plate 2 I which may be referred to as a punch operating device, is mounted for vertical slidable movement by fixed vertical guide pins 22 (Figs. 1, 3, and 6).
  • Each punch pin IT has above its guiding slot I9 in restoring plate 20, a transverse stud 23 resting on a solid part of the latter plate. The top of the punch pin underlies the solid pressure plate 2
  • simultaneously acts on all the punch pins I1 to depress the latter and force them through the card and into dies I 8, thereby punching holes in the card.
  • restoring plate 20 acts on studs 23 to lift the punches clear of the card and above card slot I6.
  • Reciprocation of the punch operating device is effected by pivotal connection of pins 24 at opposite sides of the device with slotted ends of levers 25 and 26 fixed to shaft i3.
  • Lever 25 is a bell crank lever, lower arm 25 (Fig. 3) of which has a roller 21 engaging a cam slot 28 in cam disk 29 fixed to main shaft 30.
  • shaft 30 carries operating handle 3
  • Each punch bar I4, at opposite sides of the punch die I8 carries two horizontally alined sets of types 322? and 32b, each set having types for printing digits 0 to 9.
  • Types 32t are arranged to print at the top of the card and types 32b at the bottom.
  • the 0 type 3223 is adjacent the punch die while the 0 type 32b is furthest from the punch die, and the spacing between these types and other corresponding types for printing the same character is such that if both sets of types were simultaneously operative, corresponding types, one from each set, would print the same character at the'top and bottom of the card.
  • the types selected for printing correspond to the position of adjustment of the punching couple I 'I-I8.
  • the punch bar It is adjusted to set the punch couple at the 5 index position for punching a 5
  • the 5 types- Hi and b of this punch bar are located, respectively, in positions to print at the top and bottom of the card.
  • the punch bars ll are individually adjustable, each bar having in its upper edge a series of nine notches Ila numbered 1 to 9, as shown in Fig. 1.
  • a bar I4 When a bar I4 is in the position shown in Fig. 1, it is in 0 position, in which the punch I1 is above the 0 index point of a card column and the 0 type 32t and b are in printing positions at the top and bottom of the card.
  • the punch bar is set in the position corresponding to the number of the notch receiving the stylus.
  • the bar I4 is set in its 5 position, in which the punch I1 is above the 5 index point of the card column and the "5 types 32t andb .are respectively, at top and bottom printing positions.
  • Each type 32t and b is vertically slidably mounted, below slot I6, in the lower half of the carrying punch bar I4, and normally depressed by a spring 34 to hold its upper, printing end below card slot IS.
  • a pair of like rubber platens 35 are set in each punch-bar I4 flush with the upper edge of card slot I6, one for coating with the set of types 32t and the other for coacting with the set of types 32b. It is understood that suitably supported ink ribbons (not shown) are provided at the top and bottom printing positions and which will lie between the card and the types at printing positions.
  • a pair of pivoted hammers 362? and 36b is provided for each punch bar I4, the hammer t for striking a type 321. at top printing position and the hammer 36b for striking a type 32b at bottom printing position.
  • the ten hammers 3Iit one for each of the ten bars I4, are pivotally mounted side by side on a rod 31 and the ten hammers 36b similarly mounted on a rod 31', both rods being fixed between the sides of frame II.
  • a pivoted latch pawl 38t For each hammer 36t,-there is a pivoted latch pawl 38t, the upper end of which is held by a spring 39 under the tail of the hammer to restrain actuation of the latter.
  • a spring 40 is connected to each hammer 36t to rock the nose of the latter upwardly when released by latch pawl 38t, to strike the type in printing position for eifecting printing thereby on the card within card slot I6.
  • hammers 36b are latched by pawls 38b and, when released, are actuated by springs 4
  • Rods 31 and 31' pass through elongated slots of parallel bars 42 and 43 located in planes along either side of the group of punch bars l4 (see Figs. 4 and 5) and rigidly connected to each other by tie rods 44 and 45 (see Figs. 3 and 9).
  • the side bars and their tie rods constitute a hammer reset frame, mounted by rods 31 and 31' for horizontal slidable movement.
  • Rod 44 extends across the front of depending portions of hammers 36t, and rod 45 across the front of dependent portions of hammers 36b, so that upon movement of the reset frame to the right to the position shown in Fig. 3, these tie rods reset all the actuated hammers into latching engagement with pawls 38t and b.
  • Side bar 43 is pivotally connected at one end to the lower end of an arm 46' (Figs. 3, 4, and 7) rotatably hung from shaft l3 and provided with a follower roller 41 engaging the periphery of cam disk 29.
  • a spring 48 connected to arm 46 maintains follower roller 41 engaged with cam disk 29 and also urges the reset frame to the left (as viewed in Fig. 3).
  • the selection of printing for either the top or bottom of the card is made through releasing the latch pawls from the group of hammers which are intended to effect printing and allowing the other group of hammers to remain latched.
  • the following means are provided:
  • a pair of arms 49 and 49' are hinged intermediate their lengths on pins ,50 secured to the opposite side bars 42 and 43 of the reset frame (Figs. 1, 3, and 4). Bridging the rear ends of arms 49 and 49' is a cross rod 5H; and bridging the forward ends of the arms is a cross rod 5") (also see Figs. 7 and 9). Arms 49, 49', and rods 5It and b constitute a rigid open rectangular latch-releasing frame carried by the reset frame 42-43-44-45 for translational movement therewith. When this latch releasing frame is in the position shown in Fig. 3, both rods 5lt and b are completely below the hammer latches 381.
  • arm 49 is formed with a laterally extending U-shaped extension 52 (see Figs. 4, 7, and 9), through which freely, slidably passes a fairly long pin 53 fixed at one end to a plate 54.
  • Plate 54 is rotatably carried by a longitudinallyextending-shaft 55 journaled on frame II (see also Fig. 5).
  • Plate 54 has a hole 58 at its upper end adapted to receive a stud 59 projecting from a handle 60.
  • Handle 60 is fastened at its lower end to a yoke 6
  • Handle 50 may be rocked on its hinge pin 62 in a direction away from plate 54 and to the position indicated in Fig. 7, in which its pin 59 is completely removed from hole 58 of plate 54.
  • handle 60 When handle 60 is rocked towards plate 54, its pin' 59 enters hole 55, thereby coupling the handle to the plate for common rotational movement about the axis of shaft 55.
  • pin 53 determines the angular position of the latch release frame for selecting the printing condition.
  • the three conditions are no printing, with pin 53 in mean position, printing at the top, with pin 53 raised, and printing at the bottom of the card, with pin 53 lowered.
  • the punch bars and the card must'be shifted relatively to each other parallel to the plane of the card and for the width of one column.
  • the card when in punching and printing positions is supported by a shiftable card carriage C (Figs. 1, 2, 4, 5, and 8), in the general form of a U-shaped structure, the sides of which comprise vertically disposed parallel U-shaped bars 64 (also see Fig. 7) the upper ends of which are formed with horizontally projecting ears 64, extending outside frame I i (see Figs. 1, 4, and 8).
  • the ends of the U-shaped structure comprise fiat horizontal plates 55 and 65' secured to and bridging ears 54, and lying almost completely external of frame II and easing l0.
  • Comb bars 56 secured to the sides of frame ll coact with ears 54' to slidably guide and mount the card carriage for horizontal adjustment transversely of the length of the machine.
  • Plate 55 of the card carriage is provided with a pair of pins ,61 for coacting with holes 58 of the stub t of card T (see Fig. 10) to definitely locate and hold the card in fixed position on the card carriage. Th the shifting of the carriage will likewise and to an equal extent shift the card.
  • the card supporting surfaces of plates 55 and 55 of the card carriage are alined with the guide passage formed between upper and lower.
  • card guides 65 and 69' fixed to frame H and located at opposite sides of the punch bar assembly (see Figs. 1, 4, 5 and 6).
  • the card supporting surfaces of plates 65 and 65 and the passage between guides 59 and 59' are alined with card slots it of the punch bar.
  • the outside case or housing III has a slot or throat 10 (see Fig. 2)
  • Handle 60 is hinged by pin 52 to collar 63 for rockable movement relative to the collar (see Fig. 7) in a direction generally longitudinally of shaft 55, but since the collar is fixed to the shaft, rockable movement of the handle about the axis of the shaft, rigidly rocks the shaft correspondingly.
  • Shaft 55 has fixed thereto a pair of sectors H, each adjacent one of the side bars 54 of the card carriage (see Figs. 4, 5, 7, and 8). Each sector 1
  • the upper portion of handle 60 projects upwardly, externally through an H-shaped slot 14 in the top of easing Ill. 'The .slot 14 guides handle and restricts it to predetermined movements.
  • shaft is at its counterclockwise limit, indicated in Fig. 8, and the cardcarriage is locating the odd numbered card columns in punching position.
  • shaft 55 is rocked clockwise (Fig. 8) to shift the card carriage to the right one column width for locating the even numbered columns in punch position.
  • one of the sectors II is formed along an 'edge with a pair of notches 15 (see Fig. 8), each notch for engagement with a latch spring 16 in one extreme position of the shaft.
  • handle 60 is shifted along the Punch leg of the H slot 14, it does not vary the printing condition.
  • the handle is first. shifted to the middle of the "Punch side of the H slot I4. In this position of the handle, its pin 59 is directly in line with hole 58 of plate 54.
  • the handle is then moved through the connecting slot between the sides of the H slot and into the side marked Punch & print.
  • the latter action of the handle is a rocking action about hinge pin 62 and brings pin 59 of the handle into hole 58 of plate 54, thereby coupling the handle and plate for angular movement about the axis of shaft 55.
  • the handle is moved to the end marked Top of the Punch & print leg of the H slot.
  • shaft 55 is rocked to its counterclockwise limit to move the card carriage for locating the odd numbered columns in punching position.
  • the plate 54 now coupled to the handle, is rocked counterclockwise (as viewed in Fig. 9), causing pin 53 to rise which by its engagement with the U-shaped piece 52 of the latch releasing frame 4949-5lt5lb rocks the latter counterclockwise (as viewed in Fig. 3).
  • the rod 5lt of the latch release frame is thereby positioned for releasing latches 38t of hammers 3625 during the forward stroke of the latch release frame along with its carrying and reset frame 4243-4445.
  • print leg of the H slot 14 the card is set to have its odd numbered columns punched and interpreted at the top of the card by types 321..
  • handle 60 is shifted to the Bottom end of the Punch 8: print leg of the H slot 14.
  • This action of the handle rocks shaft 55 clockwise (Fig. 8) to cause the card carriage to shift the card one column width to the right, thereby placing the even numbered columns in punching position.
  • the same action of the handle rocks plate 54 clockwise (Fig. 9) to lower pin 53 causing the latch release frame to swing clockwise (as viewed in Fig. 3), thereby placing rod 5lb in position for releasing latches 38b of hammers 35b.
  • the card is set to have its even numbered columns punched and interpreted at the bottom by types 32b.
  • handle 60 is first shifted to the middle of the Punch & print leg of the H slot. This places plate 54 in its mean angular position, in which pin 53 holds the latch release frame in mean position shown in Fig. 3, with both rods 5
  • the extreme right hand bar I4 (as viewed in Figs. 1, 5, and 6) is set to transaction code value 5 by placing a stylus in the 5 notch I40, and sliding the bar forwardly till the stylus abuts bar 33.
  • the setting of bar l4 also places the 5 types 32t and 32b in printing position, respectively at the top and bottom of the card.
  • t-5Ib is carried by the reset frame along with the latter through its forward stroke.
  • t now in upper position, engages the lower arms of pawls 38t and unlatches the latter from all the hammers t.
  • Springs thereupon impel the hammers upwardly to strike the types 32t located in printing position.
  • the types in printing position have been selected by the value setting of punch bars l4 to correspond to and interpret the code perforations beingpunched in the odd numbered card columns.
  • a modification of the printing control is shown.
  • handle 68 is not associated with the printing controls but only with the card carriage for shifting the latter and the card carried thereby.
  • the modified printing control enables the columns of the printing means to be individually blocked out or rendered ineffective.
  • the reset frame does not carry a rockable latch release frame.
  • the modified reset frame comprises horizontally slidable side bars 88 with a pair of restoring cross rods Hi and 8") and also with a pair of latch releasing cross rods 82t and 82b. Extending parallel to punch bars l4 and below them are ten slides 83, one for each punch bar and for each pair of hammers 36t and 36b. The slides 83 are mounted in the same manner as the reset bars 88 on the pivot rods 84 of the hammers.
  • each slide 83 is adapted to engage and ride on studs 8523 and 85b extending transversely from the sides of a pair of hammers 38't and 36'1).
  • Slides 83 extend at the rear exteriorly of the casing in, and the rear portion of each slide has four longitudinally spaced notches 86 in its upper edge and similarly spaced notches 81 With a slide in the position shown in Fig. 11, the rearmost upper notch 86 is outside the casing and the slide is impositively held in position by engagement of a latch spring 88 with one of the lower notches 81.
  • the slide 83 associated with the punch bar is moved further to the rear by inserting a stylus in the rear notch 86 and shifting the slide to the rear until the next notch comes into view.
  • the slide will be held in this second position by coaction of spring latch 88 with the second notch 81 from the rear end.
  • a slot 88 of the slide is located above stud 85t of the associated hammer 36't while the lower edge of the slide still abuts stud 85b of the associated hammer 36'b.
  • cam disk 29' will permit link 41' to rock clockwise for moving the reset frame 88 through its forward stroke.
  • rods 82f and 82b will engage pawls 38't and 38'b, releasing them from hammers 38't and b.
  • the hammer 38t which has its stud below notch 89 of the associated slide 83 will thereupon be free to rock upwardy for striking the type 32't in printing position.
  • the corresponding hammer 36'b which has its stud 82b still engaged with the bottom of slide 83 will be unable to rock upwardly to cause printing, although the hammer has been unlatched from its pawl 38'b.
  • slide 83 is moved out another notch; that is, till the third notch 86 from the rear appears outside the casing.
  • this third position of a slide its bottom edge is again engaged with stud 85t of the associated hammer 36t but the angular cut-out 88 in the front end of the slide is above stud 85b of the associated hammer 36'b.
  • the latter will be free to operate when unlatched by pawl 38'!) while the alined hammer 38t will be restrained from operating, although unlatched by itsv pawl 38't.
  • the slide 83 associated with the printing means of this card column is set in the first position, blocking both hammers 38't and b from operation.
  • a fourth position of slides 83 is provided for enablin the perforation in one card column to be interpreted at the top and bottom.
  • column I may have its transaction code 5 interpreted at the top and bottom of the column, and column 2 (items) may similarly be interpreted at the top and bottom.
  • column 83 To place a slide 83 in its fourth position, it is moved rearwardly untillits fourth notch 86 from the end appears in view.
  • thereof lies above stud 85f and the front notch 98 is still above stud 85b of the associated pair of hammers 36't and b.
  • both hammers are free to operate when unlatched for causing top and bottom printing of an item jointly with the punching of this item in a card column.
  • means to punch a column of a record sheet with a designation representing an item according to a predetermined code means to record the item in conventional form to interpret the coded designation, means to select one of a plurality of different spaces adjacent the column to receive the item record from the recording means, operating means, and means operated by the operating means to cause the punching means to punch the column with the item designation and the recording means to record the item in the selected space.
  • means to punch a column of a record sheet with a designation representing an item according to a selected code means to print the item, to interpret the coded designation, at the top or bottom space adjacent the column, means to select either the top or bottom space to receive the item print from the printing means, operating means, and means operated by the operating means to cause the punching means to punch the item designation into the column and the printing means to. print the item in the selected space.
  • means to punch a column of a record sheet with a designation representing an item according to a selected code means arranged to print the item, to interpret the designation, at the top and bottom spaces adjacent the column, means to select either the top or bottom space or both spaces to receive the item print from .the printing means, operating means, and means operated by the operating means to cause the punching means to punch the item designation into the column and the printing means to print 'the item in the selected space or spaces.
  • types to print an interpretation of data designating perforations of columns of a record sheet at the top and bottom of the columns means to select the types for printing in accordance with the perforations in the columns, and means cooperating with the selected types to efiect printing of the interpretation at the top and bottom of the sheet columns.
  • types to print an interpretation of data designating perforations of columns of a record sheet at the top and bottom of the columns means to select the types for printing in accordance with the positions of the perforationsalong their columns, and means for selectively effecting printing by the selected types at either the top or bottom of the sheet columns.
  • each set having types to print an interpretation of a punched data designation in a column of a record sheet, means to simultaneously position types, one of each. set, each type corresponding to the designation in the column, the type of one set in position to print at the top of the column and the type of the other set in position to print at the bottom of the column, and means for selectively coacting with the positioned types to effect printing by one of them at a time.
  • means to punch columns of a record sheet with data designations means to print an interpretation of such designations, and means to effect punching of spaced columns together with interpretation by the printing means of the designations of the latter columns during one punching operation and during another punching operation to effect punching of columns interspersed between said spaced col-.
  • punching means' to punch coded designations in a record sheet having a plurality of columns to receive the designations printing means to print an interpretation of such designations, means to locate the sheet relative to the punching means to be punched in spaced columns, means for operating the printing means to interpret the latter columns along one line, means to alternatively locate the sheet relative to the punching means to be punched in columns intermediate the aforesaid spaced columns, and means to cause the printing means to interpret the intermediate columns along a line parallel to the first mentioned line.
  • punching elements arranged to simultaneously punch alternate columns of a record sheet with data designations during one punching operation
  • printing means to print an interpretation of the designations at the top or bottom of the columns
  • means to alternatively position the sheet relative to the punching means to be punched during one punch operation in certain alternate columns and to be punched during ano ther punching operation in the columns intermediate the previously punched columns
  • means to cause the printing means to print the interpretation of the columns punched during one punching operation along the top of the columns and to print the interpretation of the columns punched during the other punching operation along the bottom of the columns.
  • a punch bar having punching means to punch a column of a record sheet with coded information and having printing means to print an interpretation of such coded information at the top or bottom of the column, means to simultaneously locate the punching means and the printing means to punch and print corresponding information, and means for selectively effecting printing of the interpretation.
  • a punch bar havin punching means to punch one column of a record sheet at a time with coded information and having printing means to print an interpretation of the information adjacent the top or bottom of the column, means to locate the punching and printing means to punch andprint corresponding information, means to selectively effect printing by the printing means of the interpretation during the punching of said column adjacent the top of the column, means to shift the punch bar and sheet laterally relative to each other to locate a column next to the first-mentioned one in position to be punched during a second punching operation, and means to cause the printing means to print the interpretation of the column punched during the second operation adjacent the bottom of the latter column.
  • punching means to punch coded information into columns of a record sheet, means to position the sheet and punching means relatively for simultaneous punching of certain spaced columns of the record sheet, and means for alternatively positioning the sheet and punching means relatively for simultaneous punching of columns interspersed between the spaced columns.
  • punch bars each having punching means to punch one column of a record sheet at a time, the punching means of adjacent bars being spaced apart a distance which is a multiple of the space between adjacent card columns, means to position the sheet and punch bars relatively for punching of certain spaced columns, and means to shift the punch bars and sheet relatively to position the sheet; for punching in columns intermediate the aforesaid spaced columns.
  • punching means to punch coded information into spaced columns of a rec-- ord sheet during one operation, means to shift the sheet and punching means relatively to position the sheet for punching in columns intermediate the spaced columns, means to print an interpretation of the coded information in different portions of the sheet, and means controlled by the aforesaid shifting means for selecting the portion of the sheet to receive the printed interpretation.
  • punching means arranged to punch coded information into spaced columns of a record sheet during one operation, means to print an interpretation of the coded information in difierent portions of the sheet, means to select the columns to be punched, means to select the portion of the sheet to receive the interpretation,
  • punching means to punch columns of a record sheet with information in coded form
  • printing means to print said information adjacent the columns of the record sheet to interpret the punching thereof
  • said printing means including types and a coacting hammer with means for latching the hammer against operation
  • operating means means operated by the operating means for effecting punching operation
  • manual means settable at will to set the tripping means in position forrendering the latter ineffective to trip the hammer, so as to suppress printingv during a punching operation.
  • punching means to punch spaced columns of a record sheet at one punching operation and columns intermediate said spaced columns during a second punching operation
  • printing means to print an interpretation of the punchings in the sheet
  • means for selecting the columns to be punched during a punching operation and means, the eflectivity of which 20 is controlled by the position of the selecting means, for suppressing operation of the printing means during punching oi the columns.
  • printing means including types and a printing hammer for coacting with the types to effect a printing operation, means to latch the hammer, a device movable along either of a plurality of paths and including means effective when the device is moved along one of said paths for engaging and tripping the latch means from said hammer to cause operation of the latter and movable past said latch means without engaging or tripping the latter when said device is moved along another of said paths, selecting means to set the device for movement along a selected one of said paths, and operating means to move the device along the selected path.

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  • Credit Cards Or The Like (AREA)
  • Perforating, Stamping-Out Or Severing By Means Other Than Cutting (AREA)

Description

April 2, 1940.
E. J. VON PEIN CARD ruixcn AND PRINTER Filed June 29, 1937 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 ooo ooo l ooo ooo ooo ooo. 000 000 000 0 I, moo 000 000 000 000 000 e00 000 .n R p mm V WI 4 f M 4 E ATTORNE April 2, 1940. E. J. VON PEIN CARD PUNCH AND PRINTER Filed June 29, 1957 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR dward -77 I an Pe/h BY ATTO RN EY E. J. VON PEEN CARD PUNCH AND IRINTER April 2, 194&
Filed June 29, 1937 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 FEGQQD INVENTOR Edward -71 l/an D f ATTORN EY April 2, 1940. E. J. VON PEIN I 2,195,844
CARD PUNCH AND PRINTER Filed June 29, 1937 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 IIIIII! I/(IIIIIIIIIII/Ij IIIJIIIII'I INVENTOR ward -77 1/01 Pam BY ewxw ATTORN EY E. J. VON PEIN CARD PUNCH AND PRINTER 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed June 29, 1937 INVENTOR 1 4/0 2 6%? ATTORNEY Patented Apr. 2, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CARD PUNCH AND PRINTER York Application June 29, 1937, Serial No. 150,942
18 Claims.
The record card has parallel columns of per- 5 foration receiving points or index points or positions, variously perforated according to a selected code to represent data. The cards when subsequently run through accounting machines such as tabulators or sorters control the latter according to the perforations. In the present case, the Hollerith code is used, in which each column is given a single perforation to represent a value. The index points are assigned values 9 to and a perforation in one of these points represents the value corresponding to the index points. Thus, the 8 position of a card column is punched to represent value 8.
In order to provide for a ready interpretation of the punched values, the card is usually printed at the top along a single line with the values punched in the card columns, each printed character being at the top of the column interpreted thereby. The width of a printed character plus its spacing from the adjacent characters can oo- 25 cupy only the width of a column. Thus, the interpretation given in a single line of narrowly spaced printed characters is too crowded to provide for convenient and facile reading. Particularly is this the case for the eighty column card in which the columns are narrow and the punched hole in a column is oblong and correspondingly narrow.
An object of the present invention is to provide means for interpreting punched columns by printing characters not restricted in width to the width of a card column.
Further, this object is to print the column interpretations along difierent lines, thereby spacing the characters further apart along eachline for a given number of columns.
Still further, this object is to print the interpretation of the punched representations along the top and bottom of the card columns to per- 45 mit wider and more legible characters to be printed.
Another object is to provide an improved combination printer and punch for record cards. Further, the latter object provides for a lesser number of punch columns than the number of card columns to be punched thereby.
Still further, the latter object contemplates adjustment of the punch columns and card relatively to each other to shift the relative positions between the card columns and the punches so as to enable the latter to alternately punch different spaced groups of card columns.
The latter object also includes the joint adjustment of the printing means and the selection of the columns to be punched whereby when cer- 5 tain columns are punched, the printing means prints along one line and when other columns are punched, the printing means prints along a different line.
It is a further object to provide means for selecting different ones of different groups of printing means to print on the card during successive operations of the machine.
Still another object is to provide novel means for selectively blocking any printing for interl5 preting any desired card columns.
Further objects of the instant invention reside in any novel feature of construction or operation or novel combination of parts present in the embodiment of the invention described and shown in the accompanying drawings whether within or without the scope of the appended claims and irrespective of other specific statements as to the scope of the invention contained herein.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of the machine with most of the top cover broken away,
Fig. 2 is an outside side view,
Fig. 3 is a section along lines 3-3 of Fig. 1,
Fig. 4 is a plan view with the casing removed and top parts removed to show the interior,
Figs. 5 and 6 are sections, respectively, along lines 55 and 6-6 of Fig. 1,
Figs. 7, 8, and 9 are sections, respectively, along lines 'I'|, 8-8, and 99 of Fig. 4.
Fig. 10 is a view of a-card operated on, and
Fig. 11 is a side section through a modification.
The machine comprises a casing l0 enclosing a U-shaped or channel frame H, between the sides of which is fixed a cross bar l2 (Figs. 1 and 3). Journaled by the frame is a shaft 13 parallel to bar l2. Parallel punch and type bars I4, arranged side by side andwhich may be referred to as punch bars, have horizontal elongated slots l5 through which bar l2 and shaft l3 pass to guide the punch bars for horizontal slidable adjustment. The punch bars are arranged in groups, spaced apart by space bars l6 (Figs. 1 and 6) to keep the punch bars in proper printing and punching planes.
In the present case, the machine has ten punch bars I4 for punching twenty card columns, numbered and arranged as in Fig. 10. The number of punch bars and the width of the machine may be varied according to the number of columns of 55 the card T to be punched, in each case half as many punch bars as card columns being provided. Each punch bar has a width equal to that of two card columns and has means to punch and interpret two adjacent card columns, one column at a time. Thus, the first, right hand punchbar (as viewed in Fig. 1) has means adapted to punch columns I and 2 of the card shown in Fig. 10 and to print the interpretation of these columns. The scheme of operation is such that upon one operation of the machine, the punch bar means may punch column I (transaction colunm) with the designation representing the required datum and print this datum along the top of the card while on the second operation of the machine the,
punch bar means may punch column 2 (number of items) and print the interpretation along the bottom of the card. Similarly, all the other odd numbered columns may be punched and their interpretation printed along the top of the card during one operation of the machine and upon a succeeding operation of the machine, the alternate even numbered columns punched and interpreted at the bottom of the, card.
As indicated in Fig. 3, each punch bar I4 is formed with a horizontally elongated card slot I6 for receiving the card T. Approximately at the middle of the punch bar and exactly centrally between the sides of the bar (see Figs. 1, 3, and 6), the bar has a punching couple consisting of a punch pin II vertically slidably mounted in the bar above slot I6 and a punch die I8 below slot I6 and vertically alined with punch pin I I. Since each bar I4 is the width of two card columns and the punch couple is centrally located between the sides of the bar, the adjacent punch couples are also spaced apart the width of two card columns. Thus, with a pair of alternate columns at either side of an interposed column alined with a pair of adjacent punch couples, the interposed column is one column width away from either punch couple. Now, if the card be moved transversely the distance of one column width, the interposed column will come into line with an adjacent punch couple.
- The punching couple is adapted to punch an elongated oblong hole in a card column (see Fig. 10). The upper end of each punch pin I'I passes through an elongated slot I9 (Fig. 3) in a punch restoring plate 20 of spring metal which is rigidly secured to a punch pressure plate 2I. The restoring plate 20 and pressure plate 2 I, which may be referred to as a punch operating device, is mounted for vertical slidable movement by fixed vertical guide pins 22 (Figs. 1, 3, and 6). Each punch pin IT has above its guiding slot I9 in restoring plate 20, a transverse stud 23 resting on a solid part of the latter plate. The top of the punch pin underlies the solid pressure plate 2|. Thus, upon a downward stroke of the punch operating device, pressure plate 2| simultaneously acts on all the punch pins I1 to depress the latter and force them through the card and into dies I 8, thereby punching holes in the card. Upon the upward, return, stroke of the punch operating device, restoring plate 20 acts on studs 23 to lift the punches clear of the card and above card slot I6.
Reciprocation of the punch operating device is effected by pivotal connection of pins 24 at opposite sides of the device with slotted ends of levers 25 and 26 fixed to shaft i3. Lever 25 is a bell crank lever, lower arm 25 (Fig. 3) of which has a roller 21 engaging a cam slot 28 in cam disk 29 fixed to main shaft 30. One
end of shaft 30 carries operating handle 3| (Fig. 2), oscillation of which causes cam slot 28 of disk 29 on shaft 30 to rock levers 25 and 25 for reciprocating the punch operating device. Reciprocation of the punch operating device effects operation of punches I"! to punch the card,
as previously explained.
Each punch bar I4, at opposite sides of the punch die I8 carries two horizontally alined sets of types 322? and 32b, each set having types for printing digits 0 to 9. Types 32t are arranged to print at the top of the card and types 32b at the bottom. The 0 type 3223 is adjacent the punch die while the 0 type 32b is furthest from the punch die, and the spacing between these types and other corresponding types for printing the same character is such that if both sets of types were simultaneously operative, corresponding types, one from each set, would print the same character at the'top and bottom of the card. The types selected for printing correspond to the position of adjustment of the punching couple I 'I-I8. Thus, when a punch bar It is adjusted to set the punch couple at the 5 index position for punching a 5, the 5 types- Hi and b of this punch bar are located, respectively, in positions to print at the top and bottom of the card.
The punch bars ll are individually adjustable, each bar having in its upper edge a series of nine notches Ila numbered 1 to 9, as shown in Fig. 1. When a bar I4 is in the position shown in Fig. 1, it is in 0 position, in which the punch I1 is above the 0 index point of a card column and the 0 type 32t and b are in printing positions at the top and bottom of the card. By inserting a stylus in a notch lid of a punch bar It and shifting this bar untilthe stylus engages the front edge of a cross 'brace 33 of the frame, the punch bar is set in the position corresponding to the number of the notch receiving the stylus. Thus, if the stylus is placed in a 5 notch Ila. and adjusted till the stylus engages brace '33, the bar I4 is set in its 5 position, in which the punch I1 is above the 5 index point of the card column and the "5 types 32t andb .are respectively, at top and bottom printing positions.
Each type 32t and b is vertically slidably mounted, below slot I6, in the lower half of the carrying punch bar I4, and normally depressed by a spring 34 to hold its upper, printing end below card slot IS. A pair of like rubber platens 35 are set in each punch-bar I4 flush with the upper edge of card slot I6, one for coating with the set of types 32t and the other for coacting with the set of types 32b. It is understood that suitably supported ink ribbons (not shown) are provided at the top and bottom printing positions and which will lie between the card and the types at printing positions.
A pair of pivoted hammers 362? and 36b is provided for each punch bar I4, the hammer t for striking a type 321. at top printing position and the hammer 36b for striking a type 32b at bottom printing position. The ten hammers 3Iit, one for each of the ten bars I4, are pivotally mounted side by side on a rod 31 and the ten hammers 36b similarly mounted on a rod 31', both rods being fixed between the sides of frame II.
For each hammer 36t,-there is a pivoted latch pawl 38t, the upper end of which is held by a spring 39 under the tail of the hammer to restrain actuation of the latter. A spring 40 is connected to each hammer 36t to rock the nose of the latter upwardly when released by latch pawl 38t, to strike the type in printing position for eifecting printing thereby on the card within card slot I6. Similarly, hammers 36b are latched by pawls 38b and, when released, are actuated by springs 4|, for striking the type at bottom printing position.
Rods 31 and 31' pass through elongated slots of parallel bars 42 and 43 located in planes along either side of the group of punch bars l4 (see Figs. 4 and 5) and rigidly connected to each other by tie rods 44 and 45 (see Figs. 3 and 9). The side bars and their tie rods constitute a hammer reset frame, mounted by rods 31 and 31' for horizontal slidable movement. Rod 44 extends across the front of depending portions of hammers 36t, and rod 45 across the front of dependent portions of hammers 36b, so that upon movement of the reset frame to the right to the position shown in Fig. 3, these tie rods reset all the actuated hammers into latching engagement with pawls 38t and b.
Side bar 43 is pivotally connected at one end to the lower end of an arm 46' (Figs. 3, 4, and 7) rotatably hung from shaft l3 and provided with a follower roller 41 engaging the periphery of cam disk 29. A spring 48 connected to arm 46 maintains follower roller 41 engaged with cam disk 29 and also urges the reset frame to the left (as viewed in Fig. 3).
As may be understood from the previous explanation, it is intended to effect printing either at the top or the bottom of the card, and accordingly, one of the groups of types 3212 or 32b must be prevented from printing. The printing operation is effected upon actuation of a hammer 361. or 3617. By maintaining the group of hammers 36t latched by their pawls 3815 or the group of hammers 36b latched by their pawls 381), the latched hammers are rendered inopera- 4 tive to cause printing. By releasing the latches from a group of hammers 36t or 36b, the released hammers are enabled to effect printing. Accordingly, the selection of printing for either the top or bottom of the card is made through releasing the latch pawls from the group of hammers which are intended to effect printing and allowing the other group of hammers to remain latched. For this purpose, the following means are provided:
A pair of arms 49 and 49' are hinged intermediate their lengths on pins ,50 secured to the opposite side bars 42 and 43 of the reset frame (Figs. 1, 3, and 4). Bridging the rear ends of arms 49 and 49' is a cross rod 5H; and bridging the forward ends of the arms is a cross rod 5") (also see Figs. 7 and 9). Arms 49, 49', and rods 5It and b constitute a rigid open rectangular latch-releasing frame carried by the reset frame 42-43-44-45 for translational movement therewith. When this latch releasing frame is in the position shown in Fig. 3, both rods 5lt and b are completely below the hammer latches 381.
and b, and should the reset frame be advanced 5) would rise into a plane intersecting the lower arms of latches 38b. During the forward stroke of the reset frame, the rod 5lt would pass below and fail to encounter latches 38t, while rod 5 lb would strike latches 38b and release them from hammers 361).
Thus, in the mean position of the latch release frame 49495lt5lb (shown in Fig. 3), neither set of latches 38t or b would be released and consequently no printing at all would-be effected. In the counterclockwise position (as viewed in Fig. 3) of the latch release frame, only latches 381. would be released and printing would be effected only at the top of the card. In the clockwise position of the latch release frame, only latches 38b would be released and printing would be effected only at the bottom of the card. Hence, the angular position of the latch release frame relative to the reset frame determines and selects the printing condition. To adjust the latch release frame according to the desired printing condition, arm 49 is formed with a laterally extending U-shaped extension 52 (see Figs. 4, 7, and 9), through which freely, slidably passes a fairly long pin 53 fixed at one end to a plate 54. Plate 54 is rotatably carried by a longitudinallyextending-shaft 55 journaled on frame II (see also Fig. 5). During the forward and return strokes of the reset frame, the latch release elements 52 and 53 against shifting during the horizontal movements of the frame. Upon shifting pin 53 upwardly, the latter acts, through extension 52, to rock the latch release frame counterclockw'ise, as viewed in Fig. 3, or clockwise, as viewed in Fig. 9, about hinge pins 50, thereby placing rear rod Sit in position to release latches 38t for causing printing at the top of the card. By lowering pin 53, the latch release frame is rocked in the opposite direction, placing front rod 5") in position to release latches 38b for causing printing at the bottom of the card. In the main position of pin 53, shown in'Figs. '7 and 9, the latch release frame is held also in its mean angular position, with both rods 5| t and b ineffective to release latches 38t and 381), so that no printing at all will occur. Rod 53, after adjustment, coacts with extension 52, to maintain the latch release frame in its correspondingly adjusted angular position. The vertical adjustment of pin 53 is effected by rocking its carrying plate 54 about shaft 55, and the plate and its pin impositively retained in either of the three positions of adjustment by engagement of a spring latch 56 with one of the notches 51 formed in an edge of the plate (see Fig. 9). Plate 54 is adjusted by the following means.
Plate 54 has a hole 58 at its upper end adapted to receive a stud 59 projecting from a handle 60. Handle 60 is fastened at its lower end to a yoke 6| hinged on a pin 62 carried by a collar block 53 fixed to shaft 55. Handle 50 may be rocked on its hinge pin 62 in a direction away from plate 54 and to the position indicated in Fig. 7, in which its pin 59 is completely removed from hole 58 of plate 54. When handle 60 is rocked towards plate 54, its pin' 59 enters hole 55, thereby coupling the handle to the plate for common rotational movement about the axis of shaft 55. With the handle 60 thus coupled to plate 54, should the handle berocked counterclockwise (Fig. 9), it will correspondingly move plate 54 to raise pin 53. If handle 60 is rocked clockwise, it lowers pin 53. As previously explained, the vertical adjustment of pin 53 determines the angular position of the latch release frame for selecting the printing condition. The three conditions are no printing, with pin 53 in mean position, printing at the top, with pin 53 raised, and printing at the bottom of the card, with pin 53 lowered.
It has been previously explained that the odd numbered columns are to be interpreted at the top of the card and the even numbered columns at the bottom. Thus, when the machine is set to print at the top of the card, punch bars l4 must be located so that their punches are positioned to punch the odd numbered columns, and when the machine is set to print at the bottom, the punch bars must be located for punching the even numbered card columns.
To alternately coordinate the punching means of the ten bars I4 with first the ten odd numbered columns and then the ten even numbered columns, the punch bars and the card must'be shifted relatively to each other parallel to the plane of the card and for the width of one column. In the present case, it is preferred to shift the card with respect to the punch assembly. For this purpose, the card when in punching and printing positions is supported by a shiftable card carriage C (Figs. 1, 2, 4, 5, and 8), in the general form of a U-shaped structure, the sides of which comprise vertically disposed parallel U-shaped bars 64 (also see Fig. 7) the upper ends of which are formed with horizontally projecting ears 64,, extending outside frame I i (see Figs. 1, 4, and 8). The ends of the U-shaped structure comprise fiat horizontal plates 55 and 65' secured to and bridging ears 54, and lying almost completely external of frame II and easing l0. Comb bars 56 secured to the sides of frame ll coact with ears 54' to slidably guide and mount the card carriage for horizontal adjustment transversely of the length of the machine.
Plate 55 of the card carriage is provided with a pair of pins ,61 for coacting with holes 58 of the stub t of card T (see Fig. 10) to definitely locate and hold the card in fixed position on the card carriage. Th the shifting of the carriage will likewise and to an equal extent shift the card.
The card supporting surfaces of plates 55 and 55 of the card carriage are alined with the guide passage formed between upper and lower. card guides 65 and 69' fixed to frame H and located at opposite sides of the punch bar assembly (see Figs. 1, 4, 5 and 6). Also, the card supporting surfaces of plates 65 and 65 and the passage between guides 59 and 59' are alined with card slots it of the punch bar. The outside case or housing III has a slot or throat 10 (see Fig. 2)
which, as previously described, controls the angular position of the hammer latch release frame 4949'- -5lt-5.ib which selects the printing condition. Handle 60 is hinged by pin 52 to collar 63 for rockable movement relative to the collar (see Fig. 7) in a direction generally longitudinally of shaft 55, but since the collar is fixed to the shaft, rockable movement of the handle about the axis of the shaft, rigidly rocks the shaft correspondingly. Shaft 55 has fixed thereto a pair of sectors H, each adjacent one of the side bars 54 of the card carriage (see Figs. 4, 5, 7, and 8). Each sector 1| isformedwith an arcuate slot 12, receiving a stud l3 projecting laterally from the adjacent carriage side 64. In the position of the sectors H, indicated in Fig. 8, the right hand ends of. the slots 12 are engaging the studs 13 and the card carriage is then in position to locate the odd numbered columns in line with the punching couples I1l8 of punch bars l4. Upon shaft 55 being rocked clockwise (as viewed in Fig. 8), slots 12 play along studs 13 until the left hand ends of the slots engage the studs, whereupon a further movement of the shaft shifts the card carriage to the right, placing the even numbered columns in line with the punching couples l'|-l8.
Referring to Fig. 1, the upper portion of handle 60 projects upwardly, externally through an H-shaped slot 14 in the top of easing Ill. 'The .slot 14 guides handle and restricts it to predetermined movements. When the handle is in the position shown in Fig. 1, at the end marked Top of the Punch side of the H-shaped slot I4, then shaft is at its counterclockwise limit, indicated in Fig. 8, and the cardcarriage is locating the odd numbered card columns in punching position. By shifting handle 50 from the position shown in Fig. 1 to the end marked Bottom of the Punch side of the H-shaped slot, shaft 55 is rocked clockwise (Fig. 8) to shift the card carriage to the right one column width for locating the even numbered columns in punch position. To impositively retain the handle 50, shaft 55, and card carriage in either of its extreme positions, one of the sectors II is formed along an 'edge with a pair of notches 15 (see Fig. 8), each notch for engagement with a latch spring 16 in one extreme position of the shaft.
As previously explained, when handle is rocked. on its hinge pin 62 away from plate 54 (see Figs. 7 and 9), the pin 59 of the handle is completely removed from the hole 58 in the plate, and the handle and plate are uncoupled. The handle is in this uncoupled position when it is located at the Punch side of the H-shaped slot I4. Thus, while in the latter side of the slot, shifting of the handle from the top to the bottom end does not affect plate 54 but merely shifts the card-carriage to successively position alternate groups of card columns to be punched in succession. Plate 54, in accordance with its angular position, controls the position of the latch releasing frame for selecting the printing condition, as explained before. Consequently, while handle 60 is shifted along the Punch leg of the H slot 14, it does not vary the printing condition. When it is desired to punch and print, the handle is first. shifted to the middle of the "Punch side of the H slot I4. In this position of the handle, its pin 59 is directly in line with hole 58 of plate 54. The handle is then moved through the connecting slot between the sides of the H slot and into the side marked Punch & print. The latter action of the handle is a rocking action about hinge pin 62 and brings pin 59 of the handle into hole 58 of plate 54, thereby coupling the handle and plate for angular movement about the axis of shaft 55. Now, to punch the odd numbered columns and print at the top of the card, the handle is moved to the end marked Top of the Punch & print leg of the H slot. As one result of this movement of the handle, shaft 55 is rocked to its counterclockwise limit to move the card carriage for locating the odd numbered columns in punching position. As a second result of the movement of the handle, the plate 54, now coupled to the handle, is rocked counterclockwise (as viewed in Fig. 9), causing pin 53 to rise which by its engagement with the U-shaped piece 52 of the latch releasing frame 4949-5lt5lb rocks the latter counterclockwise (as viewed in Fig. 3). The rod 5lt of the latch release frame is thereby positioned for releasing latches 38t of hammers 3625 during the forward stroke of the latch release frame along with its carrying and reset frame 4243-4445. Thus, due to shifting of the handle to the Top end of the Punch 8: print leg of the H slot 14, the card is set to have its odd numbered columns punched and interpreted at the top of the card by types 321..
To locate the even numbered card columns in punching position and condition the printing means to print at the bottom of the card, handle 60 is shifted to the Bottom end of the Punch 8: print leg of the H slot 14. This action of the handle rocks shaft 55 clockwise (Fig. 8) to cause the card carriage to shift the card one column width to the right, thereby placing the even numbered columns in punching position. Also, the same action of the handle rocks plate 54 clockwise (Fig. 9) to lower pin 53 causing the latch release frame to swing clockwise (as viewed in Fig. 3), thereby placing rod 5lb in position for releasing latches 38b of hammers 35b. Thus, due to shifting of the handle along the Punch & print leg of the H slot 14 to the Bottom end, the card is set to have its even numbered columns punched and interpreted at the bottom by types 32b.
Should it be desired to punch only and not print at all, handle 60 is first shifted to the middle of the Punch & print leg of the H slot. This places plate 54 in its mean angular position, in which pin 53 holds the latch release frame in mean position shown in Fig. 3, with both rods 5| t and 5| 1) below the plane of intersection with hammer latch pawls 38t and b. Plate 54 and the parts controlled thereby are latched in this mean position by spring latch 56 (Fig. 9). Handle 60 is then moved, through the connecting por-' tion of the H slot 14, into the Punch leg of the slot. This movement of the handle withdraws pin 59 from plate 54, leaving the latter set in its mean position in which its hole 58 is along the vertical plane of the connecting portion of the H slot, ready to receive pin 59 of the handle upon return of the latter to the Punch 81 print" leg of the H slot. When handle 60 is moved through the middle connecting portion of the H slot into the Punch leg, it uncouples from plate 54. Now, if it is desired to punch the odd numbered card columns, the handle is moved to the Top end and if desired to punch the even numbered columns, the handle is moved to the Bottom end of the Punch side of the H slot. The machine is thereby conditioned for punching without any accompanying printing or interpreting operation.
Summary Assume it is desired topunch and interpret the card T. The latter is inserted, face down, through throat 10 into position on card carriage 6465-65 and holes 68 of the stub t of the card (see Fig. 10) slipped over pins 51 of plate 65'. The card is then in position within card slots "5 of punch bars l4 to be punched and printed on. To print at the top and punch the odd numbered columns, handle 60 is moved to the Top end of the Punch 8: print side of H slot 14. This places the odd numbered columns I, 3, 5, etc. of the card along the lines of travel of the punch couples l|l8 of punch bars l4. At the same time, the latch release frame now has its rear rod 5lt in raised position for intercepting latches 38t while the front rod 5|b is below the plane of interception with latches 38b.
The operator now adjusts punch bars l4 to the desired values. Thus, for the example shown in Fig. 10, the extreme right hand bar I4 (as viewed in Figs. 1, 5, and 6) is set to transaction code value 5 by placing a stylus in the 5 notch I40, and sliding the bar forwardly till the stylus abuts bar 33. This sets the punch couple l'|l8 in direct vertical alinement with the 5 index point of column I of the card. At the same time, the setting of bar l4 also places the 5 types 32t and 32b in printing position, respectively at the top and bottom of the card.
Similarly, the remaining bars l4 are set to the desired values for columns 3, 5, I, 9, etc.
The operator now swings main handle 3| (Fig. 2) upwardly, causing main shaft to. rock counterclockwise (Fig. 3). Cam slot 28 of cam disk 29-thereupon rocks the punch operating de- ,vice 20-2l downwardly, causing the pressure plate 2| to press on the top of punches I! to force the punches through the card and into dies I8, thus punching the odd numbered columns in the index positions determined by the value settings of bars l4. Simultaneously with the punching operation, the periphery of cam disk 29 recedes from follower roller 41 of arm 46, enabling spring 48 to rock the latter arm clockwise about shaft l3. As arm 46 moves clockwise, it actuates the reset frame 424344-45 to the left- (Fig. 3) through its forward stroke. The latch release frame 4949'5|t-5Ib is carried by the reset frame along with the latter through its forward stroke. During this movement of the latch release frame, its rod 5|t, now in upper position, engages the lower arms of pawls 38t and unlatches the latter from all the hammers t. Springs thereupon impel the hammers upwardly to strike the types 32t located in printing position. The types in printing position have been selected by the value setting of punch bars l4 to correspond to and interpret the code perforations beingpunched in the odd numbered card columns.
Thus, at the end of the forward stroke of main handle 3|, the punching of the odd numbered columns and the interpretation of this punching at the top of the card has been completed.
The operator now rocks handle 3| downwardv in its lower edge.
1y back to its initial position. Main shaft 38 thereupon rocks clockwise (Fig. 3), causing cam slot 28 of cam disk 28 to elevate the punch operating device. During ascent of the punch operating device, the restoring plate 28 thereof acts on studs 23 of punches l! to strip the punches from the card and restore them to initial, raised positions. At the same time, cam disk 28 rocks arm 41 counterclockwise (Fig. 3), causing the reset frame and the latch release frame to move to the right through its return stroke. During the return stroke of the reset frame, rear rod 44 thereof engages depending portions of hammers 3625 to rock the latter counterclockwise and restore them to latching coaction with pawls 381..
The operator now moves handle 88 to the Bottom end of the Punch 8: print legof H slot 14. This shifts the card to locate its even numbered-columns along the lines of travel of the punch couples l|l8, and also shifts the latch release frame clockwise (Fig. 3) to place the rod in active position and rod 5lt in ineffective position.
The operator now adjusts punch bars ll for the values to be punched in the even numbered columns. Handle 3| is then oscillated, causin punching of the selected values in the even numbered columns. Also, the reset frame and the latch release frame are reciprocated. During the forward stroke of the latch release frame, its rod Slb engages pawls 38b and releases them from hammers 38b which are impelled upwardly by springs 4| to strike the types 32b in printing position at the bottom of the card. During the return stroke of the reset and latch release frames, the rod Elb departs from pawls 38b and front reset rod 45 engages dependent portions of the hammers to return the latter to latchin engagement with their pawls 38b.
Modification In Fig. 11, a modification of the printing control is shown. In this modification, handle 68 is not associated with the printing controls but only with the card carriage for shifting the latter and the card carried thereby. The modified printing control enables the columns of the printing means to be individually blocked out or rendered ineffective. As indicated in Fig. 11, the reset frame does not carry a rockable latch release frame.
The modified reset frame comprises horizontally slidable side bars 88 with a pair of restoring cross rods Hi and 8") and also with a pair of latch releasing cross rods 82t and 82b. Extending parallel to punch bars l4 and below them are ten slides 83, one for each punch bar and for each pair of hammers 36t and 36b. The slides 83 are mounted in the same manner as the reset bars 88 on the pivot rods 84 of the hammers. The
lower edge of each slide 83 is adapted to engage and ride on studs 8523 and 85b extending transversely from the sides of a pair of hammers 38't and 36'1). When the slides 83 are thus positioned, the hammers are prevented from rocking upwardly to strike types 32't and 32'b in printing position. Slides 83 extend at the rear exteriorly of the casing in, and the rear portion of each slide has four longitudinally spaced notches 86 in its upper edge and similarly spaced notches 81 With a slide in the position shown in Fig. 11, the rearmost upper notch 86 is outside the casing and the slide is impositively held in position by engagement of a latch spring 88 with one of the lower notches 81. In this first position of a slide, its lower edge is engaging studs 851? and b of the pair of hammers 36't and 36'b associated with the slide.. Thus, the hammers even when released by latches 38't and b will be held down and ineffective to cause printing. By thus positioning all the slides 83, there will be no printing at all when the card is punched.
To enable the printing means of any punch bar I4 to interpret the perforations at the top of the card, the slide 83 associated with the punch bar is moved further to the rear by inserting a stylus in the rear notch 86 and shifting the slide to the rear until the next notch comes into view. The slide will be held in this second position by coaction of spring latch 88 with the second notch 81 from the rear end. In this second position of the slide, a slot 88 of the slide is located above stud 85t of the associated hammer 36't while the lower edge of the slide still abuts stud 85b of the associated hammer 36'b. Now, during the operation of the main shaft 38', cam disk 29' will permit link 41' to rock clockwise for moving the reset frame 88 through its forward stroke. During the forward stroke of frame 88, rods 82f and 82b will engage pawls 38't and 38'b, releasing them from hammers 38't and b. The hammer 38t which has its stud below notch 89 of the associated slide 83 will thereupon be free to rock upwardy for striking the type 32't in printing position. The corresponding hammer 36'b which has its stud 82b still engaged with the bottom of slide 83 will be unable to rock upwardly to cause printing, although the hammer has been unlatched from its pawl 38'b.
If it is desired to print at the bottom of the card during punching operation, slide 83 is moved out another notch; that is, till the third notch 86 from the rear appears outside the casing. In this third position of a slide, its bottom edge is again engaged with stud 85t of the associated hammer 36t but the angular cut-out 88 in the front end of the slide is above stud 85b of the associated hammer 36'b. Thus, the latter will be free to operate when unlatched by pawl 38'!) while the alined hammer 38t will be restrained from operating, although unlatched by itsv pawl 38't.
. Accordingly, printing at the bottom will take place at the same time as the card is punched.
It is clear now that by adjusting all ten slides 83 to the second position, printing will take place at the top for interpreting the punching in ten card columns, and by adjusting all the slides 83 to the third position, interpretation of the punching will take place at the bottom of the card.
If no interpretation of a perforation in a particular card column is to be printed, the slide 83 associated with the printing means of this card column is set in the first position, blocking both hammers 38't and b from operation.
A fourth position of slides 83 is provided for enablin the perforation in one card column to be interpreted at the top and bottom. In the example shown in Fig. 10, column I may have its transaction code 5 interpreted at the top and bottom of the column, and column 2 (items) may similarly be interpreted at the top and bottom. To place a slide 83 in its fourth position, it is moved rearwardly untillits fourth notch 86 from the end appears in view. In this fourth position of the slide, a recess 8| thereof lies above stud 85f and the front notch 98 is still above stud 85b of the associated pair of hammers 36't and b. Thus, both hammers are free to operate when unlatched for causing top and bottom printing of an item jointly with the punching of this item in a card column.
While the invention has been described and shown in the forms disclosed herein, it is understood that variations, changes, omissions, and additions may be made from the illustrative forms without departing from the spirit or principles of the invention. It is therefore desired to be limited no further than as indicated by the following claims.
I claim:
1. In combination; means to punch a column of a record sheet with a designation representing an item according to a predetermined code, means to record the item in conventional form to interpret the coded designation, means to select one of a plurality of different spaces adjacent the column to receive the item record from the recording means, operating means, and means operated by the operating means to cause the punching means to punch the column with the item designation and the recording means to record the item in the selected space.
2. In combination; means to punch a column of a record sheet with a designation representing an item according to a selected code, means to print the item, to interpret the coded designation, at the top or bottom space adjacent the column, means to select either the top or bottom space to receive the item print from the printing means, operating means, and means operated by the operating means to cause the punching means to punch the item designation into the column and the printing means to. print the item in the selected space.
3. In combination; means to punch a column of a record sheet with a designation representing an item according to a selected code, means arranged to print the item, to interpret the designation, at the top and bottom spaces adjacent the column, means to select either the top or bottom space or both spaces to receive the item print from .the printing means, operating means, and means operated by the operating means to cause the punching means to punch the item designation into the column and the printing means to print 'the item in the selected space or spaces.
4. In combination; types to print an interpretation of data designating perforations of columns of a record sheet at the top and bottom of the columns, means to select the types for printing in accordance with the perforations in the columns, and means cooperating with the selected types to efiect printing of the interpretation at the top and bottom of the sheet columns.
5. In combination; types to print an interpretation of data designating perforations of columns of a record sheet at the top and bottom of the columns, means to select the types for printing in accordance with the positions of the perforationsalong their columns, and means for selectively effecting printing by the selected types at either the top or bottom of the sheet columns.
6. In combination;'- a pair of sets of types arranged along a single row, each set having types to print an interpretation of a punched data designation in a column of a record sheet, means to simultaneously position types, one of each. set, each type corresponding to the designation in the column, the type of one set in position to print at the top of the column and the type of the other set in position to print at the bottom of the column, and means for selectively coacting with the positioned types to effect printing by one of them at a time.
'7. In combination; means to punch columns of a record sheet with data designations, means to print an interpretation of such designations, and means to effect punching of spaced columns together with interpretation by the printing means of the designations of the latter columns during one punching operation and during another punching operation to effect punching of columns interspersed between said spaced col-.
umns accompanied by interpretation by the printing means of the designations of the interspersed columns.
8. In combination; punching means' to punch coded designations in a record sheet having a plurality of columns to receive the designations, printing means to print an interpretation of such designations, means to locate the sheet relative to the punching means to be punched in spaced columns, means for operating the printing means to interpret the latter columns along one line, means to alternatively locate the sheet relative to the punching means to be punched in columns intermediate the aforesaid spaced columns, and means to cause the printing means to interpret the intermediate columns along a line parallel to the first mentioned line.
9. In combination; punching elements arranged to simultaneously punch alternate columns of a record sheet with data designations during one punching operation, printing means to print an interpretation of the designations at the top or bottom of the columns, means to alternatively position the sheet relative to the punching means to be punched during one punch operation in certain alternate columns and to be punched during ano ther punching operation in the columns intermediate the previously punched columns, and means to cause the printing means to print the interpretation of the columns punched during one punching operation along the top of the columns and to print the interpretation of the columns punched during the other punching operation along the bottom of the columns. v
10. In combination; a punch bar having punching means to punch a column of a record sheet with coded information and having printing means to print an interpretation of such coded information at the top or bottom of the column, means to simultaneously locate the punching means and the printing means to punch and print corresponding information, and means for selectively effecting printing of the interpretation.
at the top or bottom of the column during the punching of the latter column.
11. In combination; a punch bar havin punching means to punch one column of a record sheet at a time with coded information and having printing means to print an interpretation of the information adjacent the top or bottom of the column, means to locate the punching and printing means to punch andprint corresponding information, means to selectively effect printing by the printing means of the interpretation during the punching of said column adjacent the top of the column, means to shift the punch bar and sheet laterally relative to each other to locate a column next to the first-mentioned one in position to be punched during a second punching operation, and means to cause the printing means to print the interpretation of the column punched during the second operation adjacent the bottom of the latter column.
12. In combination; punching means to punch coded information into columns of a record sheet, means to position the sheet and punching means relatively for simultaneous punching of certain spaced columns of the record sheet, and means for alternatively positioning the sheet and punching means relatively for simultaneous punching of columns interspersed between the spaced columns.
'13. In combination; punch bars, each having punching means to punch one column of a record sheet at a time, the punching means of adjacent bars being spaced apart a distance which is a multiple of the space between adjacent card columns, means to position the sheet and punch bars relatively for punching of certain spaced columns, and means to shift the punch bars and sheet relatively to position the sheet; for punching in columns intermediate the aforesaid spaced columns.
14. In combination; punching means to punch coded information into spaced columns of a rec-- ord sheet during one operation, means to shift the sheet and punching means relatively to position the sheet for punching in columns intermediate the spaced columns, means to print an interpretation of the coded information in different portions of the sheet, and means controlled by the aforesaid shifting means for selecting the portion of the sheet to receive the printed interpretation.
.15. In combination; punching means arranged to punch coded information into spaced columns of a record sheet during one operation, means to print an interpretation of the coded information in difierent portions of the sheet, means to select the columns to be punched, means to select the portion of the sheet to receive the interpretation,
and a common device for interrelatedly controlling operation of both said selecting means.
16. In combination; punching means to punch columns of a record sheet with information in coded form, printing means to print said information adjacent the columns of the record sheet to interpret the punching thereof, said printing means including types and a coacting hammer with means for latching the hammer against operation, operating means, means operated by the operating means for effecting punching operation, means operated by the operating means for tripping the hammer to effect printing, and manual means settable at will to set the tripping means in position forrendering the latter ineffective to trip the hammer, so as to suppress printingv during a punching operation.
17. In combination; punching means to punch spaced columns of a record sheet at one punching operation and columns intermediate said spaced columns during a second punching operation, printing means to print an interpretation of the punchings in the sheet, means for selecting the columns to be punched during a punching operation, and means, the eflectivity of which 20 is controlled by the position of the selecting means, for suppressing operation of the printing means during punching oi the columns.
18. In combination; printing means including types and a printing hammer for coacting with the types to effect a printing operation, means to latch the hammer, a device movable along either of a plurality of paths and including means effective when the device is moved along one of said paths for engaging and tripping the latch means from said hammer to cause operation of the latter and movable past said latch means without engaging or tripping the latter when said device is moved along another of said paths, selecting means to set the device for movement along a selected one of said paths, and operating means to move the device along the selected path.-
EDWARD J. VON PEIN.
US150942A 1937-06-29 1937-06-29 Card punch and printer Expired - Lifetime US2195844A (en)

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US150942A US2195844A (en) 1937-06-29 1937-06-29 Card punch and printer
DE1938I0061740 DE697401C (en) 1937-06-29 1938-06-28 Printing card punching machine
GB1919338A GB517067A (en) 1937-06-29 1938-06-28 Improvements in or relating to a method and apparatus for interpreting or recording statistical data

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2431714A (en) * 1941-06-24 1947-12-02 Underwood Corp Selective printing and punching machine
US2520077A (en) * 1949-08-23 1950-08-22 William H Wolowitz Printing identification plate or the like
US2614489A (en) * 1947-09-03 1952-10-21 Ncr Co Remote-control recording mechanism
US2661682A (en) * 1945-08-30 1953-12-08 Automatic Systems Corp Automatic store
US2874632A (en) * 1955-06-22 1959-02-24 William F Collins Check printing and punching machine
US3036518A (en) * 1957-10-16 1962-05-29 Internat Postal Supply Corp Record punching and printing machine
US3049989A (en) * 1958-10-07 1962-08-21 Shell Oil Co Record punching machine
US3088398A (en) * 1958-12-29 1963-05-07 Ibm Document preparation device
US3094923A (en) * 1959-10-06 1963-06-25 John J Lobas Machine for imprinting and punching the number of shares on a stock certificate
US3143060A (en) * 1961-06-06 1964-08-04 Vip Inc Card printing and punching device
US3183829A (en) * 1962-12-11 1965-05-18 Hedman Company Check writing machine
US3416443A (en) * 1966-07-08 1968-12-17 Brunswick Corp Selectively positionable print heads for scorer printer
US3638563A (en) * 1970-07-24 1972-02-01 Data Card Corp High-speed automatic card embosser
US3861299A (en) * 1970-07-24 1975-01-21 Data Card Corp High speed automatic card embosser

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2431714A (en) * 1941-06-24 1947-12-02 Underwood Corp Selective printing and punching machine
US2661682A (en) * 1945-08-30 1953-12-08 Automatic Systems Corp Automatic store
US2614489A (en) * 1947-09-03 1952-10-21 Ncr Co Remote-control recording mechanism
US2520077A (en) * 1949-08-23 1950-08-22 William H Wolowitz Printing identification plate or the like
US2874632A (en) * 1955-06-22 1959-02-24 William F Collins Check printing and punching machine
US3036518A (en) * 1957-10-16 1962-05-29 Internat Postal Supply Corp Record punching and printing machine
US3049989A (en) * 1958-10-07 1962-08-21 Shell Oil Co Record punching machine
US3088398A (en) * 1958-12-29 1963-05-07 Ibm Document preparation device
US3094923A (en) * 1959-10-06 1963-06-25 John J Lobas Machine for imprinting and punching the number of shares on a stock certificate
US3143060A (en) * 1961-06-06 1964-08-04 Vip Inc Card printing and punching device
US3183829A (en) * 1962-12-11 1965-05-18 Hedman Company Check writing machine
US3416443A (en) * 1966-07-08 1968-12-17 Brunswick Corp Selectively positionable print heads for scorer printer
US3638563A (en) * 1970-07-24 1972-02-01 Data Card Corp High-speed automatic card embosser
US3861299A (en) * 1970-07-24 1975-01-21 Data Card Corp High speed automatic card embosser

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Publication number Publication date
GB517067A (en) 1940-01-19
DE697401C (en) 1940-10-14
NL67274C (en)

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