US1757947A - Leno or cross-weaving loom - Google Patents

Leno or cross-weaving loom Download PDF

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US1757947A
US1757947A US356344A US35634429A US1757947A US 1757947 A US1757947 A US 1757947A US 356344 A US356344 A US 356344A US 35634429 A US35634429 A US 35634429A US 1757947 A US1757947 A US 1757947A
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crossing
jumper
cross
thread
threads
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US356344A
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Snow Isaac
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Draper Corp
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Draper Corp
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03CSHEDDING MECHANISMS; PATTERN CARDS OR CHAINS; PUNCHING OF CARDS; DESIGNING PATTERNS
    • D03C7/00Leno or similar shedding mechanisms
    • D03C7/04Mechanisms having discs oscillating about a weftwise axis and having apertures for warp threads

Description

l. SNOW LENO OR vGROSS WEAVING LOOM May 6, 1930. 1,757,947
'4 Sheets-Sheet l Filed April 19, 1929 ATTORNEY May 6, 1930. sNow LENO OR CROSS WEAVING LOOM Filed April 19, 1929 May 6, 1930.
l. SNOW LENo 0R cRoss wEAvING Loom Filed April 19, 1929 `4 Sheets-Sheet 3 ATTORNEY May 6,1930. l l. vsNow 1,757,947
LENO OR- CROSS WEAVING LOOM l Filed April 19, 1929 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 46 42 /N VENTOR ATTORNEY Patented May 6, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIC ISAAC SNOW,l OE LAWRENCE, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR To DRAPER CORPORATION, OF EOPEDALE, MASSACHUSETTS, A CORPORATION OF MAINE p LENO on CEOSSLWEAVING LOOM;
Application med April. 19,
This invention relates to looms, and more particularly to that rclass of looms for the production of leno or cross-woven fabrics, wherein some of the warp threads are 'passed back and forth across other warp threads to produce the Well-known cross-Woven fabric. One of the objects of the present invention yis to provide a loom ofthe above general character which shall be capable of produc; l0 ing leno or cross-woven fabrics in great variety'of weaving combinations, and in accordance hwith the present invention fabrics may be Woven with stripes of plain woven portions and other stripes of single ground and jumper thread cross-Weave, and other stripes of a more fancyy characterV of cross-Weave, and such stripes may be alternated in any desired pattern.
vAn important feature of the present inzouvelition consists in plates for controlling the warpthreads, and such plates'wlll hereinafter be identified 'as crossing plates, which are mounted for rocking movement 'about' their centers through .an arc of approximately 90 in either direction from the closed shed plane.
- The crossing plates of the present invention have one or more eyes'substantially central ofthe crossing plates and in substantial alinement with the axis of rocking movement, whereby the ground Warp threads which are passed through the eyes of the crossing plates may be held in a substantially fixed vertical position during the Weaving operation, and
- at the side of the central eye or eyes the 'crossing plates are' provided'with elongated .Slots for the passage of jumper threads.
In association with the substantially central eyeor eyes andthe elongated slot or 4,0. slots, the crossing platesare provided .with slotted port-ions extending from a point,` adjacent the central eyes outwardly, for the production f plain weave, and since fabrics of the leno or cross-woven type are provided with plain Woven selvages, the vcrossing 1929. Serial No. 356,344.
plates are provided with Selvage forming .slots which are adapted during the rocking movement of the crossing plates to shed the warp threads passed through such slots to form the plain selvage weave.
The advantages of the resent invention are best illustrated by the ollowing description and the accompanying` drawings of one good form of the inventlon and lts novel features. l
' In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a loom embodying the present invention, the lay being omitted for clearness of illustration; Fig. 2 is a fore and aft section through the 60 loom containing the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a perspective view showing the arp threads controlled by the crossing p ates for the production of plain weave, single cross weave and fancy cross Weave;
Fig. 4 shows a crossing plate in side elevation With a single ground and :single jumper thread controlled thereby;
' Fig. 5 shows the position of the crossing plate and the associated ground and jumper threads when the shed is closed;
Fig. 6 is a similar view showing the position of `parts as the Crossing plate is rocked 90 in the direction of the arrow from the closed sliedplane; and
Fig. 7 is a side elevation showing the'crossing plate as having completed onev cycle of its operation in the production of asingle cross-Weave.
The loom frame 1 may be of usual construction vand at the rear portion thereof has the warp beam 2 supported for rotative movefinent, as usual,l and `on which lthel warp threads, both ground and jumper, are wound.
Extending transversely of the loom frame is thel crank shaft 3 connected by the pitman 4 to the lay 5, whereby the lay is given its beat-up A movements.
Extending upwardly from the loom frame are the risers 6 to which are secured brackets 7, one at each side of the loom, and for the purposes of adjustment the brackets 7 may be secured to the risers 6 by means of a. bolt 8 passing through an elongated slot 9 in the bracket. I
Mounted for rocking movement in the arm 10 of the brackets 7 is the rocker 11 havmg a head portion or arm 12 offset from the axis of the rocker, and extending between the offset heads or arms 12 of the rocker is a support 13 for a series of crossing plates which may be conveniently mounted thereon. The rockerll, at each side of the loom, 1s connected to the actuating straps 14 and 15 which extend downwardly from the hub portion ofthe rocker and are connected'at their lower ends to the cross bars 16 and 17.
Each of the cross bars 16 and 17 is connected by straps 18 and 19 to lever arms 20 and 21 at the lower part of the loom, and such lever arms are conveniently fulcrumed on a cross shaft 22.
Extending transversely of the loom is the cam shaft 23 having the cams 24 for actuating the levers or treadles 20 and 21, the construction being such that upon rotation of the cam shaft the levers or treadles 20 and 21 will be alternatel raised and lowered, thereby giving a roc ing movement to the rocker about its axis extending transversely of the loom and imparting to the support 13 an arcuate movement'at one side of said axis.
Also mounted upon the transverse fulcrumed shaft 22 is a treadle 25 connected by a Strap 26 to the harness or heddle frames- 27, and such harness or heddle frames are mounted for movement 1n unison. Connected wardly about guide posts 29 to a suitable head motion, which is not necessary herein to describe because it may be of usual character and tend normally to lift the harness.
or heddle frames.
Mounted on the cam shaft 23 is the double cam 30 which bears upon the harness operating treadle 25, with the result that on each shed formation the harness frames ory heddles may be raised by the usual head motion into the closed shed plane, and then be lowered through the double cam and treadle de- "support 13 travels its path of'arcuate movement.
As hereinbefore stated, all of the rvwarp threads are wound upon the Warp beam 2 and the ground warp thread a passes about the guide 36 and back of a tension bar 37, then frontwardly through the eye 38 of one of the harness or heddle frames, and from this point the ground warp thread passes through one of the substantially central eyes 33 of the crossing plate and frontwardly to the fell of the cloth at 39. The companion jumper thread ZJ passes from the warp beam over the whip roll 40, then frontwardly and through an eye 41 in the harness or heddle frame, from which point it passes frontwardly through the elongated slot 34 of the crossing plate and then to the fell of the cloth, with the result that as soon as the crossing plates are rocked about the central axis of the rocker through the arcuate movement of the support 13, the ground thread will remain lin substantially .the same vertical position with relation to its jumper thread, while the companion jumper thread willbe lowered from the closed shed plane by the harness or heddle frame and effect crossing movement with relation to the ground thread, as will further appear.
In the construction thus far described mention has been mad e of only one pair of ground and jumper threads and their associated rclation with the crossing plate, and the operation of effecting the crossing movement as indicated by Figs. 4, 5, 6 and 7. v
Referring to Fig. 4 it will be noted that the crossing' plate 32 is moving in the vclirection of the arrow towards the closed shed plane, and the weft or filling thread c has been inserted in the shed, which is formed primarily by movement of the jumper thread b in a downward direction through the heddle frames or harness, which at this time is in its lowered position.
Fig. 5 indicates the position of arts and the relation of the ground an jumper threads when the crossing plateis in its closed shed position, ,f at which time the harness onheddle frame has been raised, 4thereby slackening the ground and jumper threads.
Continued movement of the crossing plate from the position of Fig. 5 to that of Fig. 6 through an arc of lapproximately 90 from thel closed shed plane results in crossing the jumper thread b over the ground warp thread a by the lowering movement of the harness .or heddle frames, until the parts take position as indicated in Fig. 7, wherein it will be'noted that the crossing plate has been moved throu h its com leted arc of approximately 90 rom the c osed shed plane and the jumper thread?) has been crossed over the ground thread a while the shed is open, due to the lowering movement of the heddle or harness frame. Atthis timethe weft or iilling thread c is inserted in the shed and the reverse movement of the crossing plate is commenced, with a substantial repetition of the crossing action of the threads as hereinf before described.
The result of the operation so far set forth is a cross-weave formed by a single ground and a jumper thread.
It may be desirable a-t times, however, to vary the character of the cross-weave or produce a fancy cross-weave, and to this end the crossing plate 32 may have an additional ground and jumper thread passed through the substantially central eyes of the crossing plate and the associated elongated slots 34 and 35, avcondition which isrepresented at section B at the right of Fig. 3.
With the ground and jumper threads associated with the crossing plate 32 as above described, and as shown at section B, the
jumper thread `7) will be crossed over the two ground threads a, a and the jumper thread 1) will be crossed over only one of the ground threads, as yai, with the result that a fancy cross-weave is produced.
Referring to Fig. 3 at section A thereof, it
will be noted that a single ground and aA single jumper thread have been drawn through their respective parts of the crossing plate 32, with the result that a single or plain cross-Weave is formed, asindicated; whereas, at section B, where two jumper threads are associated with the crossing plate, a fancy cross-weave results, as above described.
It may be desirable at times to alternate the cross-weave, whether single or fancy, with a plain Weave, as indicated at section C, Fig. 3, and to this'end the crossing plateV is provided with two slots 42 and 43 which extend from apoint adjacent the central eye of the crossing plate in an outward direction, as indicated, with the resultthat when the crossing plate is moved through its are of 90 from the closed shed plane, the ground warp thread a passed through the slot 42 of the crossing plate `and the jumper thread b passed through the slot 43 of the crossing plate, will alternate in raised and lowered positions as the crossing plate is rocked through its are of movement` and the harness or heddle frames are depressed to provide a plain shed through which tl1e`weft or filling thread c will bepassed. j
By grouping the crossing plates in series transversely ofl the loom, stripes of plain weave and of single ground and jumper thread cross-weave, and of fancy cross-weave may be produced in the resulting fabric, and such stripes may be of -varying widths in accordance withthe desired pattern to be produced.
As hereinbefore stated, it is usual in weaving leno or cross-Woven fabrics to provide slots 44, 45 -is provided at its end remote from the center of the crossing plate with an oilset warp engaging notch 46 of suficient angular relation with the main portion of the slot, that when a selvage warp thread is engaged therewith, the notch will carry the' engaged warp thread downwardly, while the other or companion warp thread will take position in the closed end of the selvage slot substantially at the side central portion of the crossing plate, during the. rocking movement of the plate, as indicated in section D of Fig 3. l'
From the construction.described as an en1- bodiinent of the present invention, it will be apparent. that the crossing plates have a central" eye portion substantially in alinement with therocker axis for the passage of a ground warp thread, and an elongated slotted portion at the side of the eye for the passage of a jumper thread, with the result that during the rocking movement of the crossing plate, the ground warp thread will be held in a substantially fixed position vertically with relation to the associated jumper thread.
j By drawing the ground Warp thread through each of the two eyes of the crossing plate andthe jumper thread through the elongated slot associated with each eye, a fancy cross-weave-niay.be produced, and by drawing a Warp thread through each of the elongated slots 42, 43 of .the crossing plate, a plain weave may be produced, while a plain woven selvage may be formed during the loom op-` eration.
What is claimed is:
l. In a leno or cross-weaving loom, the combination of a crossing plate mounted for rocking movement and provided with an eye substantially in the axis of the rocking movement for the passage of a ground warp thread and an elongated slot at the side of the central eye for the passage of a jumper thread, means for rocking the crossing plate through an angle of 90 in either direction from the closed shed plane, and means for moving the jumper thread from its closed shed position as the crossing plate ismoved in either direetion from the closed 'shed plane to cross the jumper and ground warp threads.
2. In a leno or -cross-weaving loom, the combinationlof a crossing plate mounted for from the closed shed plane, and means for,
lowering the jumper thread from its closed shed position as the crossing plate is rocked in either direction from the closed shed plane to cross the umper and ground Warp threads.`
3. In a leno or cross-Weavingloom, the combination of a crossing plate mounted for rocking movement and provided with an eye substantiallyl in the axis of the rocking movement for the passage of a ground Warp thread that such thread may be held in substantially fixed position and an elongated slot at the side of the eye for the passage of a jumper thread, means for rocking the crossing plate, through an angle of 90 in opposite directions from the closed shed plane, and harness mechanism acting to lower the jumper thread from its closed shed position as the crossing plate-is rocked in either direction from the closed shed plane to cross the jumper and ground Warp threads.
4. In a leno or cross-Weavingloom, the combination of a series of crossing plates mounted lfor rocking movement and having eyes substantially in the axis of the rocking movement for the passage of ground Warp threads that such threads may be held in substantially fixed position during Weaving and -elongated slots at the side of the eyes for the passage of jumper threads, means for rocking the crossing plates through an angle'of 90 in opposite directions from the closed shed plane, andvmeans' for moving the jumper threads from their closed shed position to form the shed as the crossing plates are rocked `in either direction from the closed shed plane in crossing the ground and jumper threads. y f
5. In a leno or cross-Weaving loom, the combination of crossing plates having eyessubstantially central thereof for the passage of ground Warp vthreads and elongated lslots at the side of the eyes for the passage of jumper threads, a support connected to the crossing plates at one side thereof, means for bodily moving the support about the central axis of the crossing plates through an arc of 90 in opposite directions from the closed shed plane that, the ground warp threads Will be maintained in substantially lixedvposition duringweaving, and means for moving the jumperthreads in the slots oi the plates as the plates are rocked in either direction from the closed shed plane.
6, In a leno or cross-weaving loom, the combination of crossing plates having eyes substantially central thereof for ground warp threads and elongated slots at the side of the eyes for jumper threads, va rocker mounted for rocking movement about an axis substantially central of the crossing lates, a plate support connected to and o -set from the axis of the rocker, means for moving the rocker and plate support to oscillate the cross ing plates about the axis of the rocker, and means for moving the jumperV threads in a vertical direction relative to the round threads as the ,plates are rocked in eit er direction in crossing the ground and jumper threads.
7. In a leno or ycross-Weavingloom, the combination of a rocker, an arm extending laterally from the axis of the rocker, a crossing plate support at one side of the rocker axis and connected to the arm of the rocker, crossing plates mounted on the support at one side of the rocker axis and having eyes substantially in the rocker axis for ground Warp threads and elongatedslots at one side `of the eyes for jumper threads, and means for moving the jumper threads in the slots of the crossing plates to cross the ground and jumper threadsl as the crossing plates are oscillated by the rocker.
8. In a leno or cross-weaving loom, the combination of a rocker, an arm extending llaterally from the axis of the rocker, a crossing plate support at one side of the rocker` axis and connected to the arm of the rocker, crossing plates mounted. on the support at one side of the rocker axis and having eyes substantially in the rocker axis for ground Warp threads and elongated slots at one side of the eyes for jumper threads, and means for lowering the jumper threads in the slots fof the crossing plates as the latter are oscillated in either direction Afrom the closed shed plane to cross the ground and jumper threads. i
v9.' A crossing plate for leno or cross-weaving looms having an eye substantiall central thereof for the passage of a goun Warp thread, and an elongated slot formed in the plate at one side of the substantiall central eye for the passage of a jumper t read.
10. A crossing plate for leno or cross- Weavinglooms having eyes substantially central thereof for the passage of ground warp threads and elongated slots at the sides of the eyes for the passage of j umperthreads.
11. A crossing plate for leno ror kcross- Weaving looms having an eye substantially central thereof for the passage of aground Warp thread, an elongated slot formed in the plate atone side of the substantially central eye for, the-- assage of a jumper thread, and elongated) slots extending in opposite directions from the central eye for tral thereof for the passa 'of a ground warp thread, an elongated s ot formed in the plate at one side ofthe substantall central eye for the passage of a jumper t ead,
. 5 and two selva'ge forming slots extending in opposite directions from the central portion of the plate at one side of the central eye and having 'oiset notches in their ends remote from the central eye for controlling the sel- 10 va threads. V p
. testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification.
` ISAAC SNOW.
US356344A 1929-04-19 1929-04-19 Leno or cross-weaving loom Expired - Lifetime US1757947A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2541745A (en) * 1947-09-05 1951-02-13 Powdrell & Alexander Inc Method of and apparatus for weaving leno fabric
US2676618A (en) * 1950-08-05 1954-04-27 Pfarrwaller Erwin Mechanism for actuating thread twisting means in looms
US2817366A (en) * 1953-03-31 1957-12-24 Sakano Toshiko Handloom
US4796674A (en) * 1986-09-01 1989-01-10 Lenzing Aktiengesellschaft Shed-forming apparatus for doup weave
US4862925A (en) * 1986-07-18 1989-09-05 Carmelo Motta Method for weaving a cross-woven textile fabric

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2541745A (en) * 1947-09-05 1951-02-13 Powdrell & Alexander Inc Method of and apparatus for weaving leno fabric
US2676618A (en) * 1950-08-05 1954-04-27 Pfarrwaller Erwin Mechanism for actuating thread twisting means in looms
US2817366A (en) * 1953-03-31 1957-12-24 Sakano Toshiko Handloom
US4862925A (en) * 1986-07-18 1989-09-05 Carmelo Motta Method for weaving a cross-woven textile fabric
US4796674A (en) * 1986-09-01 1989-01-10 Lenzing Aktiengesellschaft Shed-forming apparatus for doup weave

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