US1699084A - Eyelash curler - Google Patents

Eyelash curler Download PDF

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Publication number
US1699084A
US1699084A US25617928A US1699084A US 1699084 A US1699084 A US 1699084A US 25617928 A US25617928 A US 25617928A US 1699084 A US1699084 A US 1699084A
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Prior art keywords
jaw
arm
lever
eyelashes
jaws
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Charles W Stickel
William E Mcdonell
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Kurlash Co Inc
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Kurlash Co Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D2/00Hair-curling or hair-waving appliances ; Appliances for hair dressing treatment not otherwise provided for
    • A45D2/48Eyelash curlers; Eyebrow curlers

Description

Jan. 15, 1929.

I c. w. STICKEL ET AL EYELASH CURLER Filed Feb. 25. 1928 Wigs;

Patented 15, 1929.

UNITED STATES I 1,699,084- PATENT OFFICE.

CHARLES W. STICKEL AND WILLIAM E. HODONEIL, OF ROCHESTER, NEW YORK, AS- SIGNORS. TO THE KURLASH COMPANY INC., OF ROCHESTER, NEW YORK, 'A CORPO- RATION OF NEW YORK.

EYELASH CURLER.

Application filed February 23,1928. Seria1 No,.258, 179.

This invention relates to an eyelash curler or crimper of the same general character as that shown in United States Patents No. 1,542,014 June 16, 1925, and No. 1,527,964 Feb. 24, 1925, and the present invention is designed as. an improvement on these prior structures.

It has been satisfactorilyestablished thatthe appearance of a persons eyes is improved by bending, crimping 'or curling the eyelashes of the eyelids so that they are turned upwardly and therefore make the lashes appear longer and the eyes larger, thereby rendering the appearance of the person more attractive. In addition to this it has been found that crimping, bending or curling upward of the eyelashes is an assistance to oculists for the purpose of overcoming the difficulty of persons whose eyelashes are sufficiently long that they rub continually on the inside of the lenses of eye-glasses or spectacles, and thereby cause irritation. Upward crimping, curling or bending of the eyelashes is also desirable for persons having inverted eyelashes which normally turn downwardly and to some extent obstruct the vision, which difliculty is corrected by bending the eyelashes upwardly and thereby improving the vision.

The eye-glass lens should be placed a certain distance from the pupil ofthe eye to effect a perfect fit of a pair of glasses for each individual, which distance oculists attempt to compute in each case and is governed by the thickness of the outer covering of the eyeballs. Inasmuch as this computation is difficult and often incorrect, the eyelashes, if comparatively long, will sweep the rear side of .the lenses and cause annoyance to the wearer unless the eyelashes are turned up to avoid conflict with the lenses.

It is the object of this invention to provide improved means for bending, curling or crimping the eyelashes upwardlywhich can be very easily and conveniently applied to and removed from-the eyelashes and operated readily, which will cause the lashes to bev turned upwardlyeffectively and hold their shape for a considerable length of time, and thereby not only enhance the facial appearance of a person but also overcome the objectionable conditions above referred to.

1.11 the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the improved eyelash. curle Figure 2 is a side elevation of the same showing the parts in the position which they occupy when applied to the eyelashes of the upper eyelid of a person.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary vertical section of the jaws of the eyelash curler and adjacent parts, showing the action of the same on the eyelashes of the upper eyelid, the section 1 being taken on. line 3-3Fig. 1.

Figure 4 is a fragmentary vertical section, on an enlarged scale, taken on line 44 Fig. 1.

Flgure 5 is a horizontal section taken on line 5 5 Fig. 1.

Similar characters of reference indicate llke parts 1n the several figures of the draw- 1ngs:

In its general organization this eyelash curler comprises upper' and lower jaws T so as to permit them to be fitted to an eye? lid and adapt themselves to the horizontal and vertical curvature of the row of eyelashes which are received between the same for the purpose of being bent upwardly. In the preferred construction the upper jaw 10 is constructed of a thin strip of metal which preferably has a rounded lower edge and which is curved horizontally and vertically, and the lower jaw preferably consists of an upwardly opening channel 11, and a facing 12 of rubber or other elastic or resilient material secured in this channel and projecting with its upper edge above'the side walls of the channel, this channel and facing being both curved horizontally and ve1'tically.par allel with the curvature of the upper jaw. While these jaws are separated from each other the same may be applied to the eye-' lashes which are received between the op posing inner or crimping edges of the jaws and thereafter a movement of the jaws toward one another will cause the eyelashes the inner edges of the jaws, suflicient presi turn upwardly, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3.

By holding the jaws in this closed position for a comparatively short time while thus engaging with the eyelashes, an upward bend, curl or crimp is produced in the same which will last for a number of days, depending upon the pressure which has been applied and the length of time which the jaws are retained in engagement. avith the eyelashes while in a crimped condition.

The improved means for moving the jaws toward and from each other for the purpose of engaging the same with the eyelashes and disengaging the same therefrom I are constructed as follows The supporting lever which is rigidly connected with the upper jaw and forms a support for the lower movable jaw is preferably constructed of a single piece of metal wire which is doubled upon itself and forms a lower or outer handle arm and an upper supporting arm. The lower arm of the sup-v porting lever is provided with two longitudinal bars 13, 13 which are juxtaposed or arranged close together and connected at their outer ends by a finger-receiving loop 14, while the upper arm of this lever is composed of two side bars 1515 which are spaced apart and form upward parallel eontinuations of the bars 13, 18 of the lower arm of the supporting lever.

Various means may be employed for rigidly connecting opposite ends of the upper crimping or curling jaw 10 with the upper ends of the side bars 15 of the supporting lever. In the preferred construction, however, the upper end 16 of each of the upper side bars 15 is flattened and provided with one or more integral rivets 17 which pass rearwardly through'openirrgs 18 in the adjacent end of the upper fixedjaw 1() and are'upset at their rear ends against the rear or inner side of the upper jaw, as best shown in Fig. 4,. whereby these parts are reliably connected and held against displacement relative to each other. i

The lower movable jaw may be mounted on the upper arm of the supporting lever in various ways so as to slide lengthwise thereon toward and from the fixed upperjaw 10.

This however is preferably accomplished by providing opposite ends of the channel 11 of this jaw with sleeves 19 which are formed integral thereon by curling the walls of this channel, as shown in Fig. 5, These sleeves are slidably mounted on the guide bars 15 of the supporting lever and operate to maintain the two jaws in parallelism with each other as the same are moved toward and from each other.

The movement of the lower or movable jaw is effected by means which include an operating lever which is made from a single piece of wire which is doubled upon itself. The lower or outer arm of this ope 'ating lever comprises two longitudinal bars 20, 20 which are juxtaposed and connected at their outer ends by means of a finger loop 21, andtwo upper or inner bars 22, 22 which are also arranged close together or juxtaposed. The upper and lower arms of the operating lever are arranged at an angle relatively to each other so that the. same as a whole hasthe -form of an elbow lever, and it is preferably pivotally connected with the supporting lever by inserting the operating lever between the two bars of the support ing lever and running a rivet 23 horizontally and transversely'through the several bars of the two levers at the point of crossing or intersection of the same, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. In order to provide a wide bearing surface of these levers against each other at the place where they cross one another, those. parts of the same adjacent to the pivot 23 connecting the same are flattened, as shown at 2 1 and 25, thereby guiding these levers relative to each other and maintaining them in the proper position as they turn about the axis of the pivot pin 2:3.

The link which connects the upper arm of the operating lever with the lower jaw is also preferably constructed of a single piece of wire which is doubled upon itself so as to form two side bars, the lower parts 26, 26 of which are arranged-close together and are connected by a wrist pin 27 which passes through an opening 28 in the upper arm of the operating lever while the rods or-uppcr parts 29 of the link diverge upwardly and are connected in any suitable manner with the channel of the lower jaw, preferably by passing each bar of this link ,through an opening in the bottom of the channel and riveting the same against the inner side of this channel,.as shown at 30 in Fig. 3. The pin 27 and the rods 29 are made in one piece.

When the levers are assembled, the lower arm of the operating lever is arranged lengthwise on the outer side of the lower arm of the supporting lever and the upper or inner arm of the operating lever projects substantially horizontally inwardly across the central part of the supporting lever, whereby a substantially horizontal movement of the lower arm of the operatingjaw in the act-of engaging the jaws with the eyelashes and therefrom.

Although the lowerjaw moves in a rectihnear direction and-the upper arm of the operating lever swings in an arc, no cramping action of the lower jaw on the guide bars of the supporting lever occurs which would interfere with theiree movement ,of the same-inasmuch as the guide sleeves of the lower jaw are fitted sufiiciently loose on the guide bars 15, and there issuificient resilience in the bars of the link to permit of the requisite play of these parts to avoid such binding.

The lower arms of operating lever are preferably actuated manually by two fingers of the same hand and in order to permit these fingers to eifectively apply the desired pressure without experiencing discomfort or chafing of the fingers, the inner side of the finger loops 14 and 21 of these levers have the stock of the wire from which they are constructed flattened, as shown at 31 and 32 of'Figs. 1 and 2, thereby providing .a wide bearing surface which receives the pressure of the fingers when operating the levers for producing a crimping, curling or bending efiect on the eyelashes. Y A

As a whole this construction is very simple, durable and low in cost, and.per-- mits of conveniently applying the device to the eyelashes and readily manipulating the same with ease and convenience so as to produce an eii'ective crimp inthe eyelashes without any discomfort to the person psidg the same. 1

Obviously this improvement can be modified structurally and still embody the essential features of novelty summed up in the appended claims.

In the preferred construction the handle 21 engages thewother handle 31, as shown by dotted line in Fig. 2, and thereby operate as stops to limit the closing movement of these levers when the proper curling preschannel and an. elastic -sure has been applied to the'eyelashes, and

thereby prevent excesspressure which might cut the rubber cushion. I

We claim as our invention 1'. An eyelash curler comprising two jaws which are curved to fit about an eyelid and to receive eyelashes between them, one of said jaws having a body provided with a acing arranged in said channel and projecting beyond the same,

.and the other jaw consisting of a bar arranged opposite said elastic. facing, and means for moving said-jaws toward and from one another, j

2. An eyelash curler comprising two aws which are adapted to receive eyelashes between them and means for moving said jaws toward and from one'another comprisingia support. having two side bars which are condisengaging the same' I one of said nected with opposite ends of one jaw, and sleeves movable lengthwise on said bars and arranged on the ends of the other jaw.

3. An eyelash curler comprising two jaws which are adapted to receive eyelashes between them, and means for moving said jaws toward and from one another comprising two levers which arewl'ossed and pivotally connected, one lever having one of its arms provided with two side bars, which are connected. with the ends of one jaw, guide sleeves slidable lengthwise on said bars and arranged on the ends of the other jaw,and a link connecting the jaw having said sleeves with an arm of the other lever.

' 4. An eyelash curler comprising two jaws which. are adapted to receive eyelashes between them and means for moving saidjaws toward and from one another comprising two levers which are crossed and pivotally connected, one of said levers havinga wide supporting arm provided with side bars connected with the ends of one jaw and also a narrow handle arm, and the other lever having a narrow operating arniand a narrow handle arm,'means for guiding the other aw on said bars, and. a link connecting. the guided jaw with said operating arm.

5. An eyelash curler coinprising'two jaws which are adapted to receive eyelashes between them, and means formoving said jaws toward and from one another comprising two levers which are crossed and pivotally connected, one of said levers having a wide supporting arm prbvided with side bars connected with the ends-of one jaw and also a narrow handle arm, and the other lever having a narrow operating arm and a narrow handle arm, and a V-shaped link having its wide end connected with. said operating arm.

6; An eyelash curler comprising two jaws which are adapted to receive eyelashes between them, and means for moving said jaws toward and from one another comprising two levers which are crossed and pivotally connected, and each' constructed from a single piece of wire which doubles upon itself, one of said levers being connected with jaws and slidably supporting the other jaw, and a link connecting the other lever with saidsliding jaw.

7 An eyelash curler comprising two jaws which are adapted to receive eyelashes between them, and means for moving said j aws toward and from'one another comprising 'two levers which are crossed and pivotally connected and each. constructed from a single piece of wire which doubles upon itself, one 'ofsaii levers bein connected with one of said jaws and slida ,ly supportingthe other jaw, and a linkconnecting the other-lever with said sliding jaw and the outer arm of ceiving loop.

loo

8. An eyelash curler comprising two jaws which are adapted to receive eyelashes between them, and means for moving said jaws toward and from one another including two levers which are crossed and pivotally connected, each of said levers consisting of a single piece of wire which is doubled upon itself, one of said levers having a front arm consisting of two spaced apart bars which carry one of said jaws andform a guide upon which the other jaw slides, and a rear arm having juxtaposed bars, and the other lever having juxtaposed bars arranged between the juxtaposed bars ot'the companion lever and provided with a front operating arm, and alink connecting said operating arm with said sliding jaw.

9. An eyelash curler comprisingtwo jaws which are adapted to receive eyelashes between them, and means for moving said jaws toward and from one another including two levers which are crossed and pivotally con-' nected, each of said levers consisting of a single piece of wire which is doubled upon itself, one of said levers having a front arm consisting of two spaced apart bars which carry one of said jaws and form a guide upon which the other jaw slides and a rear arm having juxtaposed bars, and the other lever having juxtaposed bars arranged between the juxtaposed bars of the companion lever and provided with a front operating arm, and a link connecting said operating arm with said sliding jaw, the parts of said levers which cross each other adjacent to the pivotal connectionbetwcen the same being flattened.

10. An eyelash curler comprising two aws adapted to receive eyelashes between them,

, and means for moving said jaws toward and from one another including two levers which are crossed and pivotal-1y connected, one of said levers having spaced apart bars provided with integral rivets passing through i the ends of one of said jaws, sleeves arranged I a lowermov able jaw guided on the upper arm of said supporting lever to move toward and from said fixed jaw, and a link connecting said movable jaw with the horizontal upper arm of said operating lever.

12. An eyelash curler comprising a straight supporting lever, having upper and lower arms arranged in line with each other, an elbow shaped operating lever pivoted to said supporting lever and having an upright lower lever arranged in front of the lower arm of the supporting lever and upper horizontal arm projecting rearwardly from said supporting lever, an upper fixed jaw mounted on the upper arm of the supporting lever,

a lower movable jaw guided on the upper arm of said supporting lever to move toward and from said fixed jaw, and a link connecting said movable jaw with the horizontal upper arm of said operating lever, said link being formed of a single piece of wire doubled upon itself to form two longitudinal bars, the upper ends of which are secured to said movable jaw and the lower ends thereof forming a transverse wrist pin which is pivoted in an opening in the upper arm of said operating lever. y

In testimony whereof we hereby afiix our signatures. I

' CHARLES W. 'STICKEL.

VV ILLIAM E. MCDONELL.

US1699084A 1928-02-23 1928-02-23 Eyelash curler Expired - Lifetime US1699084A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2808838A (en) * 1954-09-20 1957-10-08 Sterling O Stageberg Method of and machine for mechanically curling hair
US3838699A (en) * 1973-08-10 1974-10-01 Raymond Lee Organization Inc Heated eyelash curler
US5598858A (en) * 1995-09-22 1997-02-04 Corionne Consulting Company Inc. Eyelash curler

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2808838A (en) * 1954-09-20 1957-10-08 Sterling O Stageberg Method of and machine for mechanically curling hair
US3838699A (en) * 1973-08-10 1974-10-01 Raymond Lee Organization Inc Heated eyelash curler
US5598858A (en) * 1995-09-22 1997-02-04 Corionne Consulting Company Inc. Eyelash curler
WO1997010733A1 (en) * 1995-09-22 1997-03-27 Corionne Consulting Company, Inc. Eyelash curler
EP0902629A1 (en) * 1995-09-22 1999-03-24 Corionne Consulting Company, Inc. Eyelash curler
EP0902629A4 (en) * 1995-09-22 1999-03-24

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