US1582089A - Charge-forming device - Google Patents

Charge-forming device Download PDF

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US1582089A
US1582089A US29358A US2935825A US1582089A US 1582089 A US1582089 A US 1582089A US 29358 A US29358 A US 29358A US 2935825 A US2935825 A US 2935825A US 1582089 A US1582089 A US 1582089A
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valve
charge
engine
air
water
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US29358A
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James C Siders
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M1/00Carburettors with means for facilitating engine's starting or its idling below operational temperatures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M2700/00Supplying, feeding or preparing air, fuel, fuel air mixtures or auxiliary fluids for a combustion engine; Use of exhaust gas; Compressors for piston engines
    • F02M2700/43Arrangements for supplying air, fuel or auxiliary fluids to a combustion space of mixture compressing engines working with liquid fuel
    • F02M2700/4302Arrangements for supplying air, fuel or auxiliary fluids to a combustion space of mixture compressing engines working with liquid fuel whereby air and fuel are sucked into the mixture conduit
    • F02M2700/4321Arrangements for supplying air, fuel or auxiliary fluids to a combustion space of mixture compressing engines working with liquid fuel whereby air and fuel are sucked into the mixture conduit working with fuel and admission of auxiliary fluids such as water, anti-knock agents, hydrogen, ozone or the like

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  • My present invention relates to improvements in charge forming devices for internal combustion engines by means of which water and air are added in regulated and predetermined quantities to the fuel charge or gas as the charge passes to the enginmfor the purpose of securing greater efficiency in the operation of the engine and for securing economy in the consumption of fuel gas;
  • the invention contemplates the use of an attachment located between the cooling radiator of the engine and its intake manifold for the fuel charge whereby a predetermined quantity of water or moistened air is added to the fuel gas as the charge-passes to the cylinders of the engine.
  • a predetermined quantity of water or moistened air is added to the fuel gas as the charge-passes to the cylinders of the engine.
  • the addition of moisture from the water'to the fuel charge may be regulated at a predetermined quantity and the admission of this regulated quantity to the cylinders of the engine is secured by suction or induction from the engine while the latter is under operation.
  • the presence of moistened air in the fuel charge not only reduces the formation of carbon to a minimum in the engine, but higher efliciency with economy in consumption of gas is secured in the operation of the engine or motor.
  • Figure 1 is a view inside elevation showing as much of an internal combustion engine or motor as is necessary to illustrate the attachment thereto of the device of my invention.
  • Figure 2 is an enlarged detail vertical sectional view of the valve mechanism.
  • Figure 3 is a sectional view at line 3--3 of the air control valve for the attachment.
  • the device includes a valve casting or casing 5 provided with a threaded'nipple 6 which is tapped or threaded into the wall the manifold 2 as indicated in Figure 2.
  • the valve caslng 5 is fashioned with an integral bottom nipple 7 to which thepipe 8 is connected at one end and the other end of this pipe is connected in suitable manner to the radiator 4: for the purpose of supplying water or water from the radiator to the valve casing 5.
  • a coupling nut 9 By means of a coupling nut 9 the lower curved end of the pipe 8 is connected to the nipple, and a bushing 10 within the coupling nut is fashioned with a valve seat 10 for the ball valve 11 located within the coupling nut and nipple.
  • the ball valve is adapted to be unseated by suction or induction from the engine cylinders when the engine is running and opens toward the engine against the tension of a valve spring 12 interposed between the ball and a pen tion of the nipple. 7.
  • Air also may be admitted in regulated quantities for mixture with the water from the radiator which is vaporized and forms part of the fuel charge, and provision is made for admission of air through an integral bushing 13 of the casing which is alined with thenipple 6.
  • the bushing is provided with a circular opening or port 14 opening from its interior to the atmos phere, and within the bushing is threaded a hollow plug 15 having a tool head 16 by means of which it may be turned for adjustment.
  • a V-shaped circuinferentially extending port 17 is provided in the hollow plug that registers with the circular port 14 of the bushing, and it will be apparent that by turning the plug the size of the'opening between the atmosphere and the interior of the plug may be varied to decrease or increase the volume of air drawn into the valve casing by suction or induction from the engine when the latter is running.
  • the needle valve is supported in a boss 20 and its stem 21 which extends above the casting is packed and provided with. a nut 22 to secure the joint against leak.
  • the needle valve is controlled from the drivers seat by a control rod 23 and handle 2a the latter located in convenient position for access by the driver, and a suitable coupling 25 is provided between the for ward end of the rod and the valve stem.
  • the water and air supply may be entirely cut oil by manipulating the needle valve to close its seat and the engine draws the usual charge from the carbureter.
  • the admission of air may be predetermined by turning the plug head 16, and the tensile strength of the spring 12 determines the unseating movement of the ball valve for water that is admitted to the valve seat 19.
  • the tensile strength of the spring 12 determines the unseating movement of the ball valve for water that is admitted to the valve seat 19.
  • a humidiiying device for internal combustion engines consisting or a valve casing having an attaching nipple, a valve seat in said casing, a needle valve for said seat, a bushing alined with said nipple at the opposite side oi said seat and provided with an air port, a plug in said bushing having a V-shaped air port co-acting with said first air port, a water supply Jipe connecting with the cooling system o ti the engine and a spring pressed valve for controlling admission of water from said pipe to said valve seat.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Output Control And Ontrol Of Special Type Engine (AREA)

Description

A ril 27 1926. 1,582,089
1 J. C. SIDERS CHARGE FORMI NG DEVI CE Filed May ll, 1925 Gnome Patented Apr. 27, 1926.
"UNITED STATES JAMES C. SIDERS, OF KELLOGG, IDAHO.
CHARGE-FORMING nsvron.
Application filed May 11, 1925. Serial No. 29,358.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES C. SIDERS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Kellogg, in Shoshone County and State of Idaho, haveinvented certain new and useful Improvements in Charge-Forming Devices, of which the following is a specification.
My present invention relates to improvements in charge forming devices for internal combustion engines by means of which water and air are added in regulated and predetermined quantities to the fuel charge or gas as the charge passes to the enginmfor the purpose of securing greater efficiency in the operation of the engine and for securing economy in the consumption of fuel gas;
The invention contemplates the use of an attachment located between the cooling radiator of the engine and its intake manifold for the fuel charge whereby a predetermined quantity of water or moistened air is added to the fuel gas as the charge-passes to the cylinders of the engine. The addition of moisture from the water'to the fuel charge may be regulated at a predetermined quantity and the admission of this regulated quantity to the cylinders of the engine is secured by suction or induction from the engine while the latter is under operation. The presence of moistened air in the fuel charge not only reduces the formation of carbon to a minimum in the engine, but higher efliciency with economy in consumption of gas is secured in the operation of the engine or motor.
The invention consists in certain novel combinations and arrangements of parts as will hereinafter be more fully set forth and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings I have illustrated one complete example of the physical embodiment of my invention wherein the parts are combined and arranged in accordance with the best mode I have thus far devised for the practical application of the principles of my invention.
Figure 1 is a view inside elevation showing as much of an internal combustion engine or motor as is necessary to illustrate the attachment thereto of the device of my invention.
Figure 2 is an enlarged detail vertical sectional view of the valve mechanism.
Figure 3 is a sectional view at line 3--3 of the air control valve for the attachment.
use between theintake manifold 2 and the radiator l of any of the standard types of automobilemotors or engines, and the device includes a valve casting or casing 5 provided with a threaded'nipple 6 which is tapped or threaded into the wall the manifold 2 as indicated in Figure 2.
The valve caslng 5 is fashioned with an integral bottom nipple 7 to which thepipe 8 is connected at one end and the other end of this pipe is connected in suitable manner to the radiator 4: for the purpose of supplying water or water from the radiator to the valve casing 5.
. By means of a coupling nut 9 the lower curved end of the pipe 8 is connected to the nipple, and a bushing 10 within the coupling nut is fashioned with a valve seat 10 for the ball valve 11 located within the coupling nut and nipple. The ball valve is adapted to be unseated by suction or induction from the engine cylinders when the engine is running and opens toward the engine against the tension of a valve spring 12 interposed between the ball and a pen tion of the nipple. 7.
Air also may be admitted in regulated quantities for mixture with the water from the radiator which is vaporized and forms part of the fuel charge, and provision is made for admission of air through an integral bushing 13 of the casing which is alined with thenipple 6. The bushing is provided with a circular opening or port 14 opening from its interior to the atmos phere, and within the bushing is threaded a hollow plug 15 having a tool head 16 by means of which it may be turned for adjustment. A V-shaped circuinferentially extending port 17 is provided in the hollow plug that registers with the circular port 14 of the bushing, and it will be apparent that by turning the plug the size of the'opening between the atmosphere and the interior of the plug may be varied to decrease or increase the volume of air drawn into the valve casing by suction or induction from the engine when the latter is running.
Thus it will be apparent that by use of the water valve and the air valve predetermined quantities of water and air may be admitted to the valve casting or casing in which the water is vaporized and the admission of these two ingredients to the intake manifold from the valve casting or casing is controlled by a needle valve 18, which is adapted to seat in the concave seat 19 of the valve casing.
The needle valve is supported in a boss 20 and its stem 21 which extends above the casting is packed and provided with. a nut 22 to secure the joint against leak.
The needle valve is controlled from the drivers seat by a control rod 23 and handle 2a the latter located in convenient position for access by the driver, and a suitable coupling 25 is provided between the for ward end of the rod and the valve stem.
\Vhen not required for use in the fuel charge the water and air supply may be entirely cut oil by manipulating the needle valve to close its seat and the engine draws the usual charge from the carbureter.
\Vhen required for use, the admission of air may be predetermined by turning the plug head 16, and the tensile strength of the spring 12 determines the unseating movement of the ball valve for water that is admitted to the valve seat 19. By nianipulating the needle valve a greater or lesser supply of air and water is admitted to the manifold depending upon the conditions existing in the engine and upon runing conditions oi the automotive vehicle propelled by the engine.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new anddesire to se cure by Letters Patent is In a humidiiying device for internal combustion engines consisting or a valve casing having an attaching nipple, a valve seat in said casing, a needle valve for said seat, a bushing alined with said nipple at the opposite side oi said seat and provided with an air port, a plug in said bushing having a V-shaped air port co-acting with said first air port, a water supply Jipe connecting with the cooling system o ti the engine and a spring pressed valve for controlling admission of water from said pipe to said valve seat.
In testimony whereof I a'iiix my signature. v I
JAhIES (l SIDERS.
US29358A 1925-05-11 1925-05-11 Charge-forming device Expired - Lifetime US1582089A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2471012A (en) * 1944-09-14 1949-05-24 Spaw Clifford Fuel saving device
US2614550A (en) * 1949-10-19 1952-10-21 Henry L White Top cylinder lubricator
US4051815A (en) * 1975-09-15 1977-10-04 Coberley Lavan E Fluid injection apparatus for internal combustion engine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2471012A (en) * 1944-09-14 1949-05-24 Spaw Clifford Fuel saving device
US2614550A (en) * 1949-10-19 1952-10-21 Henry L White Top cylinder lubricator
US4051815A (en) * 1975-09-15 1977-10-04 Coberley Lavan E Fluid injection apparatus for internal combustion engine

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