US1572644A - Hair cutter - Google Patents

Hair cutter Download PDF

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Publication number
US1572644A
US1572644A US701373A US70137324A US1572644A US 1572644 A US1572644 A US 1572644A US 701373 A US701373 A US 701373A US 70137324 A US70137324 A US 70137324A US 1572644 A US1572644 A US 1572644A
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Prior art keywords
cutter
hair
conduit
fan
receptacle
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Expired - Lifetime
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US701373A
Inventor
William W Farnsworth
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William W Farnsworth
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26BHAND-HELD CUTTING TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B26B19/00Clippers or shavers operating with a plurality of cutting edges, e.g. hair clippers, dry shavers
    • B26B19/38Details of, or accessories for, hair clippers, or dry shavers, e.g. housings, casings, grips, guards
    • B26B19/44Suction means for collecting severed hairs or for the skin to be shaved

Description

Feb. 9

w. w. FARNswoR'n-l v HAIR CUTTER Filed March 24 jive/2227, W .far/nwo l .other by Patented Feb. 9, 1926.

WILLI W. lmSWOBTH, 0l? CHICAGO, IILINOIS. I i

namctr'irrim.r

Ippllltiun llell luth-ll, 1824. Serial No. 701,378.`

To all whom it'may concern.'

Be it known that I, WILLTAMVYW. FAnNswoirrH, a citizen of the United` States, residin at Chicago, in the county of Cook and tate of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hair Cutters, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to improvements in hair cutters particularly of the type embodying co-operating cutter blades, one of which is reciprocated with respect to the means of a power driven shaft which is operatively connected with the reci rocable cutter, and one of the objects of t e invention is to provide animproved cutter of this character embodying means for drawing, by suction, the ends of the hair into the intake end of a nozzle and between the spaced lingers of the cutter, at substantially right angles thereto and in position to be cut, thereby eliminating the use of a comb by the operator when cutting the hair.

A further object is to provide improved means for directly conveying away by means of air currents, the hair which is cut.

A further object is to provide improved means for delivering the cut hair into a bag or receptacle where it will be confined until it is desired to otherwise dis ose of the same, with the result that any iseased hair or skin from the scalp will be prevented from contaminating the atmosphere, to be inhaled b the barber or other person.

A fur er object is to provide an improved means for spacing the cutter from the surface being operated upon and varying at will the extent of such space.

A further Iobect is to provide an improved device o this character which will be of a simple, durable, light and compact structure and convenient for the barber to handle and operate. Y

To the attainment of these ends and the accomplishment of other new and 'useful objects as will appear, the invention con- Y sists in the features of novelty in substantially the construction, combination and ar- Gordan@ with um principles of thisl invention. l

Figure 2 is a top plan view of the cutter.

Figure 3 is a modified form of thejinvencable cutter 12, which may be reciprocated in any desired or suitable manner such as from a driving or power shaft 13 having an eccentric 14 connected therewith, and

Ywhich eccentric is adapted to operate between spaced shoulders 15 carried by the reciprocating cutter 12. The cutter blades may be of the ordinary and well known construction embodyin spaced co-operating fingers between which the hair projects to be cut by the edges of the fingers as the cutters are relatively reciprocated.

`The shaft 13 is adapted to be driven in any desired or suitable manner preferably from power driving mechanism, which latter is connected with the shaft 13 in any suitable manner such as by means of an ordinary couplin 16. v

The driving s aft is housed within the cutter casing and may be of any desired length:

onnected with the cutter is a conduit 16 W h1ch is rovided with a narrow inlet opening 17 isposed adjacent the cutting point or plane of the cutter. The inlet opening 17 is substantially co-extensive with the cutting plane of the cutter, so that when suction is created through the nozzle, the hair will be drawn between the cutting fingers thereby causing the fingers to also serve in the nature of a comb, rendering it possible to dispense with the 'use of a comb in connection with this device. A fan casing 18 is also provided andhas communication with the conduit 16. Within the casing 18 is a suction creating fan 19 connected with a shaft 2O journaled in suitable bearings. This fan when rotated operates to create a suction in the conduit 16 and will also draw the hair which is severed by the cutter into the conduit and convey it awa from the surface which is being operate u on. The fan casing 18 discharges throug an outlet opening 21 into a receptacle 22 and which receptacle is I provided with a discharge outlet closed by a, maameelip tents of the-receptacle to 23 so as to permit the conbe emptied when desired. f

suitable manner, preferably fromthe shaft 13 thro h the medium of a gear 24 connected w1th the shaft, which meshes with a 25 carried by the fan shaft 20.

' fadesired a suitable hanger 26 may be rovided for supporting the receptacle 22 rom the sleeve 27 of the operator, and a clip 28 may bedetachably connected with the hanger 26 for securing the hanger to the shave.

With this improved construction it will be manifest that the clipper may be grasped by the hand of the operator ma manner as shown in Figure 1, .and when the hand is held in a natural sition. With the use of this improved c ipper or cutter, when the hairv is severed, the suction created in the conduit 16 will draw the uncut hair tothe cutter and hold the hair in a position to be cut, that is in vthe position in which it would be held if a comb were used to elevate the hair to be cut, but with the present invention the use of a comb is dispensed with. The suction will also conlvey away the cut hair as well as any diseased portion of the scalp. The severed hair and foreign particles will be deposited in the bag or rece acle 22 which' will prevent them from being distributed to the atmos here to contaminate the latter.

I desired and as a means for varying the amount of 'space between the active edge of the cutter and the surface to beA operated upon, there vmay be provided a roller 28 of any desired construction which may be pivotally mounted as at 30 and is disposed beneath the cutter so as to engage the surface being operated upon. A suitable lever or handle 31 may be connected with the roller support and by means of which handle or lever the operator may, with his inger move the roller 29 about the pivot 30 against the Stress of a spring 32 and thereby move the roller toward or away from the lower surface of the cutter casing to vary the space between the active edge of the cutter and the surface being operated upon.

The spring' 32 tends normally to hold the roller 29 back against the face of the cutter support as shown in dotted lines in Figure 1. -If desired the fan 19 and casing 18 may be dispensed with and a flexible tube or conduit 33 may be connected by one end 34 to the outlet 35 of the conduit 16, through which tube suction is created throughv the nozzle 17. The other end of the conduit 33 may be connected with a stationary receptacle (not shown) to discharge thereinto, or the conduit may conceivin y A1 l veythe hair to any suitable point of discha .y

Vile the preferred forms of the inven- A l tion have been herein shown and described, The fan is operated in any desired or it is to be understood that various changes m93' be made in the details of construction an in the combination and arrangement of the several "parts, within the scope of the claims, without departing from the spirit of this invention.

What is claimed as new is 1. In combination a hair cutter, a conduit associated with the cutter, the inlet of the conduit being disposed adjacent the cutting edge of the cutter, means for creating a suction in the said conduit, the said conduit receiving the hair directly it is severed, a receptacle with which the said conduit .has communication for delivering the hair thereinto, and means for supporting the said receptacle from the person of lthe o rator.

2. combination a hair cutter embodying a reciprocable cutter blade, actuating means for the cutter, a conduit having its inlet adjacent the cutting edge of the cutter, a fan cas' supported by the cutter handle and withuiiich casing the said conduit has communication, a fan in the' casing, there being a discharge outlet from the casing, means for actuating the fan, said fan operating to draw the hair into the casing from the said conduit and discharge the hair through the said outlet, a receptacle for rethe hair from said outlet and for co the hair, and means for supporting the said receptacle from the person of the operator.

3. A hair cutter including a reciprocablo cutter proper, means for actuating the cutter, means adjustably connected with the cutter support for holding the cutter proper spaced from the hair carrying surface, and

means for freel moving the last said means away from an towards the cutter support at will and for maintaining the same 1n its adjusted position with respect to they cutter, all during the cutting o eration.

l4. A hair cutter including a reciprocable cutter proper, means for actuating the cutter, means adjustably connected with the cutter support for holding the cutter proper spaced.

from the hair carrying surface, and means for freel 'moving the last said means away from an towards the cutter support at will and for maintaining the same in its adjusted position with respect to the cutter, all durmg the cutting operation, the first recited means including a roller movable over the said surface.

5. A hair cutter including a reciprocable cutter pro er, means for actuating the cutter, means adjustabl connected with the cutter support for holding the cutter proper spaced from the hair carrying surface, and means lll 5 by the hand of the operator.

6. A hair cutter including a reciprocable cutter proper, means for actuating the cutter, means adjustably connected with the cutter support for holding the cutter proper spaced 10 from the hair carrying surface, andymcans for freely moving the last said means away from and towards the cutter support at will, the last recited means including a shiftable roller and a lever for shifting the roller,

l5 said lever extending over the cutter support and in a convenient position to be cngaged by' a finger of the operator.

7. A hair cutter including a movable cuttin element, actuating means for operating sti element, a conduit having an inlet adjacent the cuttin plane of the cutter, a fan casing with whic the conduit has communication, a suction fan in the casing, an operative driving connection between the said actuating means and the fan, a receptacle for receiving the cut hair from the fan caing, and means for supporting the said receptacle from the person of the operator., the said fan being di osed in the rear of and spaced for a consi erable distance from the said cutting element.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this s ecifcation, on this 20th day of March, A. 1?.,1924.

WILLIAM W. FARNSWORTH.

US701373A 1924-03-24 1924-03-24 Hair cutter Expired - Lifetime US1572644A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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US701373A US1572644A (en) 1924-03-24 1924-03-24 Hair cutter

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US1572644A true US1572644A (en) 1926-02-09

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1133275B (en) * 1959-08-26 1962-07-12 Salvo Rizza Hair clipper
US3230619A (en) * 1964-03-12 1966-01-25 Raymond G Felland Hair cutting apparatus
US3889373A (en) * 1973-04-16 1975-06-17 Wolf Geraete Gmbh Grass shears with an electric motor drive
US4590675A (en) * 1983-11-30 1986-05-27 Louw Jan T Hair cutting apparatus
US20020108255A1 (en) * 2001-02-14 2002-08-15 Degregorio Dennis P. Beard trimmer with internal vacuum
US20100058596A1 (en) * 2006-12-06 2010-03-11 Gook Hyun Shim Driving structure of low noise clipper using compressed air
EP3105019A4 (en) * 2014-02-13 2017-10-18 Spectrum Brands, Inc. Hair trimmer with vacuum collection system
US10279493B2 (en) 2017-03-30 2019-05-07 Wahl Clipper Corporation Vacuum systems for hair clippers

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1133275B (en) * 1959-08-26 1962-07-12 Salvo Rizza Hair clipper
US3230619A (en) * 1964-03-12 1966-01-25 Raymond G Felland Hair cutting apparatus
US3889373A (en) * 1973-04-16 1975-06-17 Wolf Geraete Gmbh Grass shears with an electric motor drive
US4590675A (en) * 1983-11-30 1986-05-27 Louw Jan T Hair cutting apparatus
US20020108255A1 (en) * 2001-02-14 2002-08-15 Degregorio Dennis P. Beard trimmer with internal vacuum
US20050060889A1 (en) * 2001-02-14 2005-03-24 Degregorio Dennis P. Beard trimmer with internal vacuum
US6978547B2 (en) * 2001-02-14 2005-12-27 Degregorio Jr Dennis P Beard trimmer with internal vacuum
US7076878B2 (en) 2001-02-14 2006-07-18 Degregorio Jr Dennis P Beard trimmer with internal vacuum
US20100058596A1 (en) * 2006-12-06 2010-03-11 Gook Hyun Shim Driving structure of low noise clipper using compressed air
EP3105019A4 (en) * 2014-02-13 2017-10-18 Spectrum Brands, Inc. Hair trimmer with vacuum collection system
US10279493B2 (en) 2017-03-30 2019-05-07 Wahl Clipper Corporation Vacuum systems for hair clippers

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