US1548214A - Construction tie - Google Patents

Construction tie Download PDF

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Publication number
US1548214A
US1548214A US745460A US74546024A US1548214A US 1548214 A US1548214 A US 1548214A US 745460 A US745460 A US 745460A US 74546024 A US74546024 A US 74546024A US 1548214 A US1548214 A US 1548214A
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Prior art keywords
tie
dove
grooves
building
construction
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Expired - Lifetime
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US745460A
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Charles P Schaefer
Robert M Brown
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Charles P Schaefer
Robert M Brown
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Priority to US745460A priority Critical patent/US1548214A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • E04B1/4178Masonry wall ties

Description

Aug. 4, 1925.
c. P. scHAEFER-ET AL CONSTRUCTION -TIE Filed Oct. 25. 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 C. P. SCHAEFER ET AL Aug. 4, 1925.
CONSTRUCTION TIE 23,. 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Oct.
35 -the dove-tail groove of the wall or main porview corresponding to Fig. 3 showing the anni A... .4, .925. 1,548,214,
UNITED 'STATES PATENT OFFicE.
onAnLEs r, scnanrmt AND ROBERT n. BROWN, or cnIoAoo, ILLINOIS.'
CONSTRUCTION 'rm- Application led October 23, 1924. Serial No. 745,460.
To all whom it 'may concern.' Other objects will appear as the descrip- 55 Be it known that we, CHARLES fl?. .'SOHAE- tion proceeds. y.
FER and ROBERT M. BROWN, .citizens of the In the accompanying drawings, which United States, residing at Chicago, in the constitute a part of our.application: county of Cook and State of Illinois, have. Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a section invented certain new and useful Improveof a building wall showing the masonry-' 60' ments in Construction Ties; and we do hereattaching means in position. 'by declare the followin to be a. ful, clear, Fig. 2'is a horizontal sectional view taken and exact description o the invention, such on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1. v
le as will enable others skilled in the art to Fig, 3` is anenlarged vertical section which it appertains to make and use the view taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2. 65 I same.. Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the slotted This invention relates to building conplate or member. struction', and more particularly to struc- Fig, 5 is a, perspective View of the im- 15 tures of concrete or the like, having an out-y proved tie or key strip which cO-operates side veneer of brick, tile or other building with theplat illustrated in Fig, 4, 70 blocks. Fig. 6'is a sectional perspective view of The object ofthe invention is to provide the Socket or channel member, showing one suitable means for securing or binding the end thereof.
B0 structural elements or blocks to a surface of Fi 7 isa horizontal sectional view correconcrete or the like. y sponing to Fig. 2 and showin another 75 Another object of the invention is to profastening means for building bloc and the vide means for tying a veneering .of tile Orlike or masonry, especially at a joint between other suitable blocks to the main building ad'acent blocks Orsections.
25 wall in a strong and sim-ple manner so that ig. 8 is a perspective View partly in secthe saidL building blocks will 'not have to be tions and partly broken away and in dotted 80 defaced or be made in any other manner lines showing a combined tie `member and than of ra regular type. key strip for use in connection with a veneer- `Another Object ofthe invention is to proin or facing of bricks or the like.
30' vi-de an improvement upon our prior strucig. 9 is aperspectiveview of acombined ture shown in Patent No. 1,472,194 dated tie member and` key 'strip adapted for use 85 October 30, 1923, of which we are joint ownin connection with masonry or building ers, and to simplify and cheapen the struc-v blocks in' another form of the invention, and ture whereby the'key strips are anchored in Fig. 10 is an enlarged vertical sectional tion of a building wall, such as columns or device illustrated in Fig.- 9 applied. 9.0 other massive `and .strong elements thereof, Like character of reference'-` are used and to obvia-tothe necessit of (providing throughout` the ifollowing specification to under cuts or grooves exten ing continuousdesignate corresponding parts. 4 lythroughout vthe height thereof Or dove- W all- 1, of concrete or other suitable maytail channel "members of metal co-extensive .terial and vof vsuitable construction oonsti' therewith and extending throughout the. tuting the whole or main portion of a buildlength of the grooves, thus providing a more 'ing wall and provided with columns or other economical construction and preventingthe Vmassive and strong elements, adjacent to drop ing of the key-stri- O r tie-elements in `-thinner parts as illustrated, is provided with the channel members thus not interfere vertical. or 1perpendicula'rly extending .with the proper function of. the device. spaced dove-tai Igrooves 2, 'which are wider With .this in view, we provide sockets or at their inner ends or bottoms than at the enchannel members with closed ends which trance or throat .po yions thereto. In 'order 5 are provided at spaced intervals throughoutv to strengthenthese grooves, they are lined r the height of the wall, the sockets and closed with dove-tail sockets or channel members 3, ends being preferably produced froma sinpreferably formed ofv metal, which are progle blank of `material such as. sheet metal, vided with sides 3a bent from the central castor otherwise. bottom portions thereof in the same direction toward each other to provide converging side portions having curved edges or vflanges 3b forming shoulders adapted to conform to the corners or edges of the grooves 2 in the wall 1, as fairly shown in Figs. 1, 2
and 6 of the drawings. The sockets or chany nel members 3 are preferably formed of blanks or sect-ions of sheet metal, preferably galvanized, and with ends 4 produced by severing the corners of the blanks and turned at right angles between the sides of the socket to prevent the latter collapsing inwardly' towardeach other, thereby strengthening and reinforcing the'socke'ts or channel members, which are set into the concrete wall and extend flush with the same, either by molding the wall material around the sockets or otherwise. The ends 4 are shaped to conform to the dovef'tail crossed section of the sockets or channel members as shown.
j A plate or member 5 is provided with the rearwardly extending spaced or -top and bottom flanges 5. and reduced centrallugs 6,
said flanges stii'ening the plate and straddling or spanning the sockets and the lugs beingi adapted to enter the forward ends of the ove-tailed grooves 2 or the sockets or .channel members -3 set therein, in the concrete wall 1. A slot 7`is formed transversely through the plate 5 and having closed ends as shown in the preferred construction is adapted to receive thetie. or key strip 8,
which has formed integrally thereon, a rearwardlyextending dove-tailed lportion 9, whlch is adapted to extend into the groove 2 or the socket 3 between thesides of the latter, and to fit snugly therein. Obviously the portion'9 is inserted and turned when engaged in the groove or socket. The strip 8V is provided with one or more, preferably two openings 10, one of .which is adapted to receive one end 11a of a substantially4 U-shaped tie-iron 11, which latter is disposed in an inverted position when engaged in an opening 10 to contact with the plate 5- as-clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 3 ofthe drawings. fllhedopposite end l1b of the said tie-iron 11 1s a tile-blocks or masonry 13 and produced in the form of sockets in the tops of the latter *at the points where necessary, so that vthe lugs will be readily 4held in position adjacent the concrete wall, and may be anchored therein'by concrete 14 or otherwise. V Obviously,' a plurality of -such tie-members o'r irons may be employed. The device shown4 1s adapted for two.
From the foregoing description it will be apparent that the platemember 5 will be readily held against the concrete wall 1due to the rearwardly extending lugs 6, which enter the channel or groove 2 or the socket qheld therein. The portion 9 of the key strip 8 snugly fitted in the groove 2, is prevented lfrrm turning by reason ofthe lugs 6, slotx7 apted to seat in an opening v12, in the' flangesb forming shoulders as heretofore I specified.
In Fig. 7 of the drawings, 'openings 10 corresponding to the openings 10 are provided in the plate constituting thetie or key strip 8, and these may be arranged in staggered relation or in a line as desired to receive inverted U-shaped tie-irons or stripsv 11 to connect the blocks of the masonry or facing wall 13 at a .joint as shown in this figure, as described in connection with the tie-iron 11. When the openings 10 are arrangedas in Fig. 5, the tie-irons 11 will clear one another where engaged with the plate 8 or key strip formed thereby. Obvil ously, the tie-irons .may be made o`f the required length and are anchored and insemicircular cut-outs in the-top portions o-f'the adjacent building blocks,'monoliths or the `like in linetherewith, Qtherwise, the 'construction in thisI form of the invention is Vthe same as that described in connection with l Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive. f l
In Fig. 8 of the drawings a combined tie and keystrip or plate 15 is shown, which is ad'a ted'for use in connection. with brick Wal s or similar facings or veneering. The A brick wall is shown at 16 and the plate 15 has 'a dove-tailed end 17 to engage the dovetailed groove or socket 2 or 3 as previously described, and the enlarged end of this wedged-shaped plate. is provided with an opening as indicated atj18 and an upturned flangeA or lip 19 at one edge, preferably the outer edge, to be v locked in the mortar orv other binding between the brick or the like. The mortar will also pass into the slot or .opening 18 and when hard, will firmly anchor and connect or tie the against separation.
'In the construction shown in Figs. 9 and 10 of the drawing, a tie or key strip 2() is employed having a downturned 'outer-fend or flange 21 to be'anchored in the wall or block; as are the tie-irons 11 and 11 ad'is covered with mortar while Ithe dove-tail `end 22 is held in the dove-tailed groove 2 or. socket 3, as heretofore described. The plate or tie members may be ,Hat sheet metal or otherwise. Thus it will be understood and seen that the tile veneering will be p0sitive- 1y held in position adjacent the concrete wall of the building structure' and thatrthe tile blocks will notV have to be broken or special forms of blocks be required in order to use the'anchoringA means.
parts together A' struction shown in our prior patent, or the dropping of the tie 0r key members engaged therewith and with the veneering wall will be prevented. This also provides for -facility in' the construction and the tie members" cannot drop.
Many minor changes in detail ofA con-1 struction may be resorted to without departure from the spirit of the invention.
Of course, it is to be understood that the socket or channel members 3 are nailed or otherwise secured on a form for producing a concrete wall, so that when the concrete is poured and set or hardened, the' sockets 'o'r channels, reinforced as described with 4 metal, will be produced.
Havingthusdescribed our invention what we claim as new and desire to secure by Let-- ters Patent in the United States is:
1. In a buildingv structure, the main wall element having dove-tail grooves, having in cross section a wider interior than entrance, a veneer of building blocks,-plates provided with rearwardly extending, spaced lugs,said lugs adapted to set in said grooves, key
strips extending through said platesjinto said grooves, and means for attaching said building `blocks to said key strips.
2. In a building structure, a main wall having dove-tail grooves having in cross section Aa wider 'interior than entrance, a veneer of building blocks, plates or members having lrearwardly extending spaced lugs, said lugs being adapted to engage a *having rearwardly extending lugs, adapted seat in said grooves, said plates being pro vided with transversely extending slots, key strips extending through said slots in said plates and detachable means connecting the outer ends of said -key strips with said building blocks.
3. In abuilding construction, a main wall having dove-tail grooves, linings -in said grooves, plates or members having integrally formed rearwardly extending spaced lugs, said lugs adapted'to seat in said grooves,y said plates being provided with transversely extending slots, key strips provided with dove-tail portions, adapted to passthrough said slots in the said plates and to seat in said dove-tail groove or notches, said strips being provided with an opening in the forward end and means for connecting said strips vwith said buildingblocks.
4. Av construction tie, comprising a slotted plate having spacedl rearwardly ex.
tending lugs and alat key strip adapted to extend through said'slotted plate substan-,.
tially as described.
5. A construction tie comprising a slotted plate provided with rearwardly extending spaced lugs, and dove-tail'key strips adapted to extend through said slotted plates, and a substantially U'shaped tie-iron detachably secured to said key strips.
6. A building constructlon comprising a main supporting element,-dovetai1 groovesv in the surface thereof, yand lining in said grooves, plate provided with means for engaging with said grooves, tie-strips having an enlarged front portion and dove-tail rear portion, said dove-tail portions of said tiestrips ybeing adapted to extend through said h l plate or members, and substantially U- shaped tie-irons detachably connected with the forward ends of said .key strips.
7. In a building structure, a. main wall provided with dove-tail grooves spaced apart, sockets in said grooves, s aid grooves l and sockets having a wider interior than en-y trance, plates having dove-tail portions en j gaged in said sockets, and inverted U-shaped tie members engaged with the plate and adapted `to connect to a veneering wall.
8. A construction tie comprising a slotted plate provided with rearwardly extending spaced lugs, a dove-tailstrip adapted to ex-v tend through said slotted plate a socket member adapted to seat in a groove in a wall to receive said lugs and ydove-tail portion of the key strip, and a tie-member having ends adapted to engage said key strip and a veneering wall to be anchored to a main wall carrying the socket members.
9. Aconstruction tie, comprisingV ak plate to enter a groove in a building wall with a f CHARLES P. SCHAEFER.
' ROBERT M. BROWN.
no-y
US745460A 1924-10-23 1924-10-23 Construction tie Expired - Lifetime US1548214A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2505676A (en) * 1950-04-25 Facing block secured to a concrete
US3266202A (en) * 1961-10-03 1966-08-16 F & S Wrought Iron Mfg Corp Ceiling hanger
WO2001079620A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2001-10-25 Alliance Concrete Concepts, Inc. Mortarless wall structure
US20030188497A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2003-10-09 Alliance Concrete Concepts Inc. Mortarless wall structure
US20040006945A1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2004-01-15 Price Raymond R Mortarless wall structure
US7073301B1 (en) 2000-04-12 2006-07-11 Alliance Concrete Concepts Inc. Wall structure
US20070163203A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-07-19 Price Raymond R Wall system
US20070163187A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-07-19 Price Raymond R Wall system
US20070175114A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-08-02 Price Raymond R Wall system
US20140013697A1 (en) * 2011-03-09 2014-01-16 Quadrosera Corporation Clips for thin brick wall system
US20150068149A1 (en) * 2011-03-09 2015-03-12 Quadrosera Corporation Clips for thin brick wall system
EP3208399A1 (en) * 2016-02-19 2017-08-23 Ateliers LR Etanco Device for anchoring a lining wall to a bearing wall

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2505676A (en) * 1950-04-25 Facing block secured to a concrete
US3266202A (en) * 1961-10-03 1966-08-16 F & S Wrought Iron Mfg Corp Ceiling hanger
WO2001079620A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2001-10-25 Alliance Concrete Concepts, Inc. Mortarless wall structure
US20030188497A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2003-10-09 Alliance Concrete Concepts Inc. Mortarless wall structure
US20070175115A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-08-02 Price Raymond R Wall system
US7073301B1 (en) 2000-04-12 2006-07-11 Alliance Concrete Concepts Inc. Wall structure
US20070175114A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-08-02 Price Raymond R Wall system
US20070163203A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-07-19 Price Raymond R Wall system
US20070163188A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-07-19 Price Raymond R Wall system
US20070163187A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-07-19 Price Raymond R Wall system
US7207147B2 (en) 2000-09-20 2007-04-24 Alliance Concrete Concepts, Inc. Mortarless wall structure
US20040006945A1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2004-01-15 Price Raymond R Mortarless wall structure
US20140013697A1 (en) * 2011-03-09 2014-01-16 Quadrosera Corporation Clips for thin brick wall system
US8925273B2 (en) * 2011-03-09 2015-01-06 Quadrosera Corporation Clips for thin brick wall system
US20150068149A1 (en) * 2011-03-09 2015-03-12 Quadrosera Corporation Clips for thin brick wall system
US9032684B2 (en) * 2011-03-09 2015-05-19 Quadrosera Corporation Clips for thin brick wall system
US9032683B2 (en) * 2011-03-09 2015-05-19 Quadrosera Corporation Clips for thin brick wall system
EP3208399A1 (en) * 2016-02-19 2017-08-23 Ateliers LR Etanco Device for anchoring a lining wall to a bearing wall
FR3048006A1 (en) * 2016-02-19 2017-08-25 Ateliers Lr Etanco DEVICE FOR ANCHORING A DOUBLE WALL TO A BEARING WALL.

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