USRE15979E - Construction tie - Google Patents

Construction tie Download PDF

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Publication number
USRE15979E
USRE15979E US15979DE USRE15979E US RE15979 E USRE15979 E US RE15979E US 15979D E US15979D E US 15979DE US RE15979 E USRE15979 E US RE15979E
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Prior art keywords
grooves
strips
key
wall
element
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • E04B1/4178Masonry wall ties

Description

Jan. 1925. Re. 15,979

C. P. SCHAEFER ET AL CONSTRUGTI ON TI E Original Filed Oct'. 119, 1922 Reissued Jan. s, 1925.

UNITED STATES Re. 15,979 PATENT OFFICE.

CONSTRUCTION TIE.

Original m. 1,472,194,

To all whom it may concern: I

Be it known that we, CHARLES P; Sonar.- nm and ROBERT M. BROWN, citizens of the United States, both residin at Chicago, in 6 the county of Cook and te of Illinois,

have invented certain new and .useful Improvements in Construction Ties; and we do'hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which itappertains to make and use the same. J r

This invention relates to building structures, and particularly structurw of concrete or the like havin an outside veneer of brick, tile, cut stone other suitable building blocks.

One of the principal obj ects of the invenfor binding structural elements toa. surface of concrete or the like. Other objects are to tie a veneering of brick or" the like to a main building wall,

ceiling or floor of concrete or the like, in a strong, simple and eflicient manner; to facilitate erection of structures of the character mentioned; to improve the'means of attachment; to avoid the necessity of using special forms of tile, bricks or other building blocks, and otherwise to simplify and improve the building operations of buildin structures. he invention consists in the combination of elements and details of construction hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and defined in the appended claims.

In the drawings, in which is illustrated an improved embodiment of the invention- Figurel is a fragmentary elevation of a wall of concrete or the like, after the form has been removed, a portion of an outer covering of veneer wall being shown partway completed, and adapted to be attached thereto in accordance with the principles of this invention.

' Figure 2 represents ahorizontal section on the line 2-2 of Figure 1.

Figu constituting-one of the elements for anchoring the outer coverin of veneer or blocks to the main elements of a wall, with the cross strip shown in section.

In'the drawings:

55 The reference numeral 1 indicates as a similar material.

tion is the provision of a means and method re 3 is a side elevation of a key stripdated October 30, 1923, Serial No. 595,626, filed October 19, 1922. Application for reissue filed November 1, 1924. Serial No. 747,372.

whole the main portion of a building wall,

and 2' represents columns or other massive and strong elements of the wall. These columns areintended to be made of concrete or A facing or veneer layer of brick, tile, or the like is illustrated at 3. This facing layer must be anchored to the main wall structure, as it is relatively thin, being constructed as in the example shown by a single tier of blocks.

In order to tie the veneeror facing wall to the main wall structure, means about to be described are provided. Molded perpendicularly in the concrete columns or other elements 2 are vertical grooves 4, which are dove-tailed in cross section or otherwise formed wider at their bottoms than at the exterior openings thereof. These grooves, sometimes known as undercuts, arehere designated dove-tailed grooves, and may be of any desired form, so long as their bottoms are wider than the entrances thereto. In order to strengthen these grooves, besides forming them, they are lined with dovetailed channel members of metal, as indicated at 5. The said members 5 are intended to be molded in the concrete with their flanges 6 embedded flush with the surface of the elements 2. "The said dovetailed grooves thus formed, extend continuously throughout-the extent intended to be concealed by the veneer or facing wall. As the facing wall 21 rises, it will be anchored to the elements-2 by key strips 7. Saidkey strips are preferably made of flat metal, each having one end provided with a dovetailed tongue adapted to approximately fill the groove in the channel 5 when the said key strip 7 is disposedwith its plane surface intersecting the axis of the groove. 95 In the form, shown, the key strips 7 are provided with shoulders at 9, which engage the surfaces of the .flush flanges 6 of the channel members. It is, apparent that these key members 7 may be the grooves, that they may be inserted edgewise in the groove and turned to a horizontal position, in which position they cannot be. ulled out of the grooves. The ends of the my strips 7 opposite the tongues 8 are in- 105 tended to overlie the course of bricks or other building blocks 3, and to be placed thereon. The saidke strips may be made of any length desire in conformity with the thickness of the veneer wall and its 110 adjusted freely in since the key strips 7 imbedded in proximity to the main elements of the walls 1 and 2. Adjacent the outer ends of each key strip 7 is provided a loop 10 which may be formed in anymanner thereon, but which is preferably-struck u from the metal of the key strips 7, as il ustrated at Figure 3 of the drawings. This loop 10 is, of course, made in the usual, manner by slitti g the strip 7 a length equal to the width esired for the loop and pressing the portion between the strips out of the plane of the strip. The longitudinal strips 11 are extended between key strips 7 resting upon the same course of building blocks. Each section is referably a little longer than the distance etween centers of two adjacent key strips 7. The ends of adjacent tie stri s 11 are inserted throu h the loop 10 0 the key strip, so that t e ends overlap within said oop. Thus the tie stri 11 extend lon tudinally of a course 0 bricks or the li e to aid in tying the bricks longitudinally, and are themselves spaced from and tied to the main elements or columns 2 by means of the key strips 7. The tie strips 11 and the key strips 7 bein made as shown, of flat, relatively thin, a though tough and strong metal, do not lie fiat upon a course of bricks, and may be a layer of cement or mortar between, upon which they rest and the courses imposed above.

It will be understood that the illustrations are somewhat dia ammatic, and simply for the purpose of 0 early illustratin the invention. Such a number of key strips 7 will be used as will firmly anchor the faclng wall to the main structure. The key strips and tie strips may be inserted at any suitable distance apart as may be found necessary. As has been before ointed out, they may be anchored to the uilding at any point, are free to" be moved along the grooves and channels 4. and 5. No special'form of building block is required in order to anchor the keys, the ordinary rectangular' brick being 7 referabl adapted to be secured in accor ance wit this improvement.

We are aware that made, and numerous varied throughout a many changes may be details of construction wide range without departing from the rinciples of this invention, and we, there ore, do not purpose limiting the patent granted thereon otherwise than as necessitated b the prior art.

at we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is 1. In a building structure, a main wall element having dove-tail grooves, havin cross section a wider interior than entrance,

a veneer of building blocks, key strips having one end dove-tailed to fit the grooves, the other ends of said key strips overlying a course of blocks, and tie strips secured openings narrower than occupy any great height, but

adapted grooves being overlapped at to the overlying endsof said ke strips at right angles to them and over ying said course.

2. In a building structure, a main wall element having dove-tail grooves, having the interior, a veneer of building blocks, one end dove-tailed to fit other ends of said key strips overlying a course of blocks, and tie strip sections having overlapped ends secured to the key strips at right course.

3. In a building structure, a main wall element of cementitious material molded to form in such material dove-tail grooves,

the grooves, the

metallic channel members provided eachwith a dove-tailed groove and embedded in and held in place by the front wall of the grooves of said wall building blocks, ke shaped to enter an look within the channel members, the other ends of said key-pieces overlying a course of blocks.

r 4. In a building structure, a main Wall element having vertical dove-tail grooves in one face, a veneer of building blocks, flat key strips having one end dove-tailed, to fit in said gro'oves,the other ends overlying a course of blocks, 100 in said last-named ends, and flat tie strips passed through said loops from key strip to key strip, over a course of blocks, and adapted to be embedded in a layer of cement between courses.

5. In a building structure, a main wall element,a veneer of -pieces having-one end a key strips having 1 angles to them and overlying said ends, and flat tie strip sections having overlapped ends engaged in said loops, and extending from key stri to key strip over a course of blocks, sai key strips adapted to be embedded in a layer of cement between courses.

6. A building structure comprising a main supporting element, dove-tail grooves in the surface thereof, a facing element in conjunction with the main element, key strips, having one end of each of said adapted to fit the grooves, the other end being looped to receive tie strips at right angles, said tie strips adapted to be embedded in joints of the facing element.

strips and tie key strips 7. A building construction comprising a concrete element, metallic lined grooves in the surface 'of said element, the entrance to said grooves being narrower than the interior thereof, themetallic linings of said their front by said linings in ement in conjunction with the concrete element to hold place, a facing el the main concrete element, ke pieces having one end adapted to fit sai grooves, the

other end, engaging the facing element at right angles.

8. A building construction comprising a main element, metallic channels in said element, having in cross section a greater width than entrance thereto, an outwardly projecting flange at each'side of the entrance and extending lengthwise substantially from end to end thereof, a veneer construction in conjunction with the main element, and means -'slidable in said channels, adapted to cooperate with said veneer, and maintain same 1n desired relation to the main element.

9. A building construction comprising. a wall, the body material whereof is shaped to form dove-tail grooves in the face of the wall, a supported element and key means having parts to interlock with said grooves and parts to engage said supported element.

10. A building construction comprising a concrete element with grooves molded in the surface thereof, the entrance to said molded grooves being narrower than the interior thereof, a facing element in conjunction with the main concrete element, key strips having one end adapted to fit said grooves, the other end engaging the facing element.

11. A building construction comprising a main wall the body material whereof is shaped to form undercut grooves in its outer surface, an outer facing, key strips for binding the facing to the main wall, having inner end portions adapted to be inserted into and interlock with said undercut grooves.

12. A building construction comprising a mainelement the body material whereof is molded to form dove-tail grooves therein, a veneer construction in connection with said main element, and means slidable in said grooves and adapted to interlock at one end with said main element and at the opposite end to engage with said veneer construction.

13. A building construction comprising a molded concrete wall, a facing wall formed of individual blocks, said concrete wall having its surface material molded to form dovetail grooves longer than the height of said individualblocks, and key strips having their inner ends provided with means to interlock with said grooves and having projecting parts adapted to set between said blocks.

CHARLES P. SGHAEFER. ROBERT M. BROWN.

US15979D Construction tie Expired USRE15979E (en)

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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3353312A (en) * 1966-05-11 1967-11-21 Storch Bernard Adjustable anchoring means for masonry walls
US4606163A (en) 1985-09-09 1986-08-19 Dur-O-Wal, Inc. Apertured channel veneer anchor
US6151843A (en) 1997-02-21 2000-11-28 We-Mar, Inc. Prefabricated wall panels connecting system
US8839587B2 (en) 2012-03-14 2014-09-23 Columbia Insurance Company Mounting arrangement for panel veneer structures
US8844229B1 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-09-30 Columbia Insurance Company Channel anchor with insulation holder and anchoring system using the same
US8881488B2 (en) 2012-12-26 2014-11-11 Mitek Holdings, Inc. High-strength ribbon loop anchors and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US8898980B2 (en) 2012-09-15 2014-12-02 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Pullout resistant pintle and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8904726B1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-09 Columbia Insurance Company Vertically adjustable disengagement prevention veneer tie and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8904727B1 (en) 2013-10-15 2014-12-09 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength vertically compressed veneer tie anchoring systems utilizing and the same
US8904730B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2014-12-09 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Thermally-isolated anchoring systems for cavity walls
US8910445B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-12-16 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally isolated anchoring system
US8978330B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2015-03-17 Columbia Insurance Company Pullout resistant swing installation tie and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8978326B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2015-03-17 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor and anchoring system utilizing the same
US20150096243A1 (en) * 2013-10-04 2015-04-09 Mitek Holdings, Inc. One-piece dovetail veneer tie and wall anchoring system with in-cavity thermal breaks
US9038351B2 (en) 2013-03-06 2015-05-26 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally coated wall anchor and anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks for cavity walls
US9080327B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2015-07-14 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally coated wall anchor and anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks
US9121169B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2015-09-01 Columbia Insurance Company Veneer tie and wall anchoring systems with in-cavity ceramic and ceramic-based thermal breaks
US9140001B1 (en) 2014-06-24 2015-09-22 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal wall anchor
US9260857B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2016-02-16 Columbia Insurance Company Fail-safe anchoring systems for cavity walls
US9273460B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2016-03-01 Columbia Insurance Company Backup wall reinforcement with T-type anchor
US9273461B1 (en) 2015-02-23 2016-03-01 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal veneer tie and anchoring system
US9334646B2 (en) 2014-08-01 2016-05-10 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally-isolated anchoring systems with split tail veneer tie for cavity walls
EP3208399A1 (en) * 2016-02-19 2017-08-23 Ateliers LR Etanco Device for anchoring a lining wall to a bearing wall
US10167626B1 (en) * 2017-12-01 2019-01-01 Thermo Bar Ltd. Masonry support apparatus
US10202754B2 (en) 2015-12-04 2019-02-12 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal wall anchor
USD846973S1 (en) 2015-09-17 2019-04-30 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor
US10407892B2 (en) 2015-09-17 2019-09-10 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor and anchoring system utilizing the same

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3353312A (en) * 1966-05-11 1967-11-21 Storch Bernard Adjustable anchoring means for masonry walls
US4606163A (en) 1985-09-09 1986-08-19 Dur-O-Wal, Inc. Apertured channel veneer anchor
US6151843A (en) 1997-02-21 2000-11-28 We-Mar, Inc. Prefabricated wall panels connecting system
US8839587B2 (en) 2012-03-14 2014-09-23 Columbia Insurance Company Mounting arrangement for panel veneer structures
US9273460B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2016-03-01 Columbia Insurance Company Backup wall reinforcement with T-type anchor
US9732514B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2017-08-15 Columbia Insurance Company Backup wall reinforcement with T-type anchor
US8904730B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2014-12-09 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Thermally-isolated anchoring systems for cavity walls
US8898980B2 (en) 2012-09-15 2014-12-02 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Pullout resistant pintle and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8881488B2 (en) 2012-12-26 2014-11-11 Mitek Holdings, Inc. High-strength ribbon loop anchors and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US9340968B2 (en) 2012-12-26 2016-05-17 Columbia Insurance Company Anchoring system having high-strength ribbon loop anchor
US9038351B2 (en) 2013-03-06 2015-05-26 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally coated wall anchor and anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks for cavity walls
US9624659B2 (en) 2013-03-06 2017-04-18 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally coated wall anchor and anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks for cavity walls
US9080327B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2015-07-14 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally coated wall anchor and anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks
US8978326B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2015-03-17 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor and anchoring system utilizing the same
USD756762S1 (en) 2013-03-12 2016-05-24 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor
US8910445B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-12-16 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally isolated anchoring system
US8844229B1 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-09-30 Columbia Insurance Company Channel anchor with insulation holder and anchoring system using the same
US9260857B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2016-02-16 Columbia Insurance Company Fail-safe anchoring systems for cavity walls
US8904726B1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-09 Columbia Insurance Company Vertically adjustable disengagement prevention veneer tie and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8978330B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2015-03-17 Columbia Insurance Company Pullout resistant swing installation tie and anchoring system utilizing the same
US9121169B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2015-09-01 Columbia Insurance Company Veneer tie and wall anchoring systems with in-cavity ceramic and ceramic-based thermal breaks
US9038350B2 (en) * 2013-10-04 2015-05-26 Columbia Insurance Company One-piece dovetail veneer tie and wall anchoring system with in-cavity thermal breaks
US20150096243A1 (en) * 2013-10-04 2015-04-09 Mitek Holdings, Inc. One-piece dovetail veneer tie and wall anchoring system with in-cavity thermal breaks
US8904727B1 (en) 2013-10-15 2014-12-09 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength vertically compressed veneer tie anchoring systems utilizing and the same
US9758958B2 (en) 2014-06-24 2017-09-12 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal wall anchor
US9140001B1 (en) 2014-06-24 2015-09-22 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal wall anchor
US9334646B2 (en) 2014-08-01 2016-05-10 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally-isolated anchoring systems with split tail veneer tie for cavity walls
US9273461B1 (en) 2015-02-23 2016-03-01 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal veneer tie and anchoring system
USD882383S1 (en) 2015-09-17 2020-04-28 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor
US10407892B2 (en) 2015-09-17 2019-09-10 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor and anchoring system utilizing the same
USD846973S1 (en) 2015-09-17 2019-04-30 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor
US10202754B2 (en) 2015-12-04 2019-02-12 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal wall anchor
EP3208399A1 (en) * 2016-02-19 2017-08-23 Ateliers LR Etanco Device for anchoring a lining wall to a bearing wall
FR3048006A1 (en) * 2016-02-19 2017-08-25 Ateliers Lr Etanco Device for anchoring a double wall to a bearing wall.
US10167626B1 (en) * 2017-12-01 2019-01-01 Thermo Bar Ltd. Masonry support apparatus

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