US1447842A - Burner - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1447842A
US1447842A US521699A US52169921A US1447842A US 1447842 A US1447842 A US 1447842A US 521699 A US521699 A US 521699A US 52169921 A US52169921 A US 52169921A US 1447842 A US1447842 A US 1447842A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
burner
base
trough
fuel
parts
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US521699A
Inventor
Joseph E Fowler
Original Assignee
Joseph E Fowler
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Joseph E Fowler filed Critical Joseph E Fowler
Priority to US521699A priority Critical patent/US1447842A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1447842A publication Critical patent/US1447842A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D3/00Burners using capillary action
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D2900/00Special features of, or arrangements for burners using fluid fuels or solid fuels suspended in a carrier gas
    • F23D2900/31016Burners in which the gas produced in the wick is not burned instantaneously

Description

J. E. FOWLER.
BURNER.
FILED DEC. 12. 1921.
2 SHEETSSHEET I.
INVENTOR WITNESS: ATTORNEY I. E. FOWLER.
Mar. 6, 1923.
BURNER.
FILED DEC.
2 SHEETS SHEET 2.
ion dew INVENTOR ATTORNEY fasep/a 79:.
WITN E55:
Patented Mar. 6, 1923.
- .Jos nrn EQFOWLER or woncnsrnn, mssncnusn'rms.
PATENT, (JFFICE.
isunnna. v
i Application filed December 12; 1921. Serial No.- 521,699.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH E. FOWLER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Vorcester, in the county of Worcester and State of Massachusetts, have invented new and useful Improvements in Burners, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a burner, the
general object of the invention being to so.
arrange the parts that the fuel will be thoroughly vaporized thus insuring a perfect combustion with intense heat. Another object of the invention is to provide a combined deflector and protector at the top of the burner for dflecting'the flame outwardly and at thesame time preventing material from dropping into the burner.
This invention also consists in certain other features of construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, to be hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings and specifically pointed out in the appended claims.
In describing my invention in detail, reference will be had to the accompanying drawings wherein like characters denote like or corresponding parts throughout the-several views, and in which-:-
Figure 1 is an elevation of the invention. Figure 2 is a lon itudinal sectional view. Figure 3 is a section on line 3-3 of Figure 1.
As shown in these views the burner includes the base 1, the top 2 and the spaced perforated cylinders 3 which are supported on the base and the inner one of which is connected with the top. The parts are held together by the bolt 4 which has its head en-' gaging the top and its screw threaded end the base. The'base is formed with an annular trough 5, the outer circumference of which supports the outer cylinder, and a ring 6 of asbestos or the like is suitably supported in said trough and acts as the initial heating means. Passages 7 are formed in.the base and these passages radiate from the central opening 8 to the periphery of the base so as to lead the/oil coming from the supply pipe 9, which is connected with the opening 8, to the trough. The outer cylinder is provided with an opening 10 through which a match or other igniter can be passed to ignite the ring 6 and a hole 11 is formed in the outer wall of the trough and said cylinder and acts as a gage for the fuel entering the trough.
The base-2 is of cup-shape, asshown, and
extends above the top of-the inner cylinder, the outer wall of this extended part being slightly curved to deflect the flames outwardly. A combined deflector and protector 12 is removably sea-ted inthe top 2 and this member is provided with outwardly flaring walls 13 which form continuations of the curved wall of the top and extend over the upper ends of the cylinders. This member acts to prevent liquids, which may boil over from a utensil placed over the boiler, from entering the space between the cylinders and extinguishing the flame and also acts as a deflector for the flame so as to heat all portions of the stove or other device in which it is placed. The member 12 is provided with a handle 14.- so that it can be removed and replaced as desired.
A valve casing 15 is connected with the pipe 9 and with a supply 16 and the passage through the casing is controlled by a needle valve 17. A stop 18 is associated with the needle valve for limiting the movement thereof.
When the burner is to be used the needle valve is opened to permit a supply of fuel to flow up the pipe 9, through the passages 7 into the trough so as to saturate the ring or wick 6. The hole 11 acts as a gage for limiting the amount of fuel in the trough. A match or other igniter is then passed through the opening 10 to ignite the fuel on the wick and the combustion of this fuel will act to heat the base and its associated parts and when these parts are'sufiiciently heated the fuel passing through the passages 7 will be vaporized and this vapor will burn with a blue flame at the cylinders and the flame will be directed outwardly by the walls of the 'top 2 and the member 12.
If the device is placed in a position where it is impossible to ignite the wick through opening 10 the member 12 may be lifted off and the wick ignited through the space between the cylinder.
It is thought from the foregoing description that the advantages and novel features of my invention will be readily apparent.
I desire it to be understood that I may make changes in the construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, provided that such changes fall within the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is 1. A burner of the class described com-
US521699A 1921-12-12 1921-12-12 Burner Expired - Lifetime US1447842A (en)

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US521699A US1447842A (en) 1921-12-12 1921-12-12 Burner

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US521699A US1447842A (en) 1921-12-12 1921-12-12 Burner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1447842A true US1447842A (en) 1923-03-06

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US521699A Expired - Lifetime US1447842A (en) 1921-12-12 1921-12-12 Burner

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4131414A (en) * 1977-05-11 1978-12-26 The Coleman Company, Inc. Lantern with kerosene preheater
US5865100A (en) * 1998-04-30 1999-02-02 Knowles; Floyd M. Gas burner for gas fired barbecue grills

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4131414A (en) * 1977-05-11 1978-12-26 The Coleman Company, Inc. Lantern with kerosene preheater
US5865100A (en) * 1998-04-30 1999-02-02 Knowles; Floyd M. Gas burner for gas fired barbecue grills

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