US1432351A - Filter - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1432351A
US1432351A US271719A US27171919A US1432351A US 1432351 A US1432351 A US 1432351A US 271719 A US271719 A US 271719A US 27171919 A US27171919 A US 27171919A US 1432351 A US1432351 A US 1432351A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
filter
water
chamber
pipe
charcoal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US271719A
Inventor
Viola K Walker
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
PURPOSED MIND DEV SECURITY
PURPOSED MIND DEVELOPMENT SECURITY
Original Assignee
PURPOSED MIND DEV SECURITY
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US21014618A priority Critical patent/US1292399A/en
Priority to US271718A priority patent/US1432350A/en
Priority to US271720A priority patent/US1460168A/en
Priority to US271719A priority patent/US1432351A/en
Priority to US271713A priority patent/US1443794A/en
Priority to US271716A priority patent/US1423347A/en
Priority to US271715A priority patent/US1423346A/en
Priority to US271717A priority patent/US1442895A/en
Priority to US271714A priority patent/US1438539A/en
Application filed by PURPOSED MIND DEV SECURITY filed Critical PURPOSED MIND DEV SECURITY
Priority to US304453A priority patent/US1441864A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1432351A publication Critical patent/US1432351A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23CMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING FLUID FUEL OR SOLID FUEL SUSPENDED IN  A CARRIER GAS OR AIR 
    • F23C99/00Subject-matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D17/00Separation of liquids, not provided for elsewhere, e.g. by thermal diffusion
    • B01D17/02Separation of non-miscible liquids
    • B01D17/0202Separation of non-miscible liquids by ab- or adsorption
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D17/00Separation of liquids, not provided for elsewhere, e.g. by thermal diffusion
    • B01D17/02Separation of non-miscible liquids
    • B01D17/04Breaking emulsions
    • B01D17/047Breaking emulsions with separation aids
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D24/00Filters comprising loose filtering material, i.e. filtering material without any binder between the individual particles or fibres thereof
    • B01D24/02Filters comprising loose filtering material, i.e. filtering material without any binder between the individual particles or fibres thereof with the filter bed stationary during the filtration
    • B01D24/10Filters comprising loose filtering material, i.e. filtering material without any binder between the individual particles or fibres thereof with the filter bed stationary during the filtration the filtering material being held in a closed container
    • B01D24/18Combined upward and downward filtration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D39/00Filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D39/02Loose filtering material, e.g. loose fibres
    • B01D39/06Inorganic material, e.g. asbestos fibres, glass beads or fibres
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/02Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material
    • F23J15/022Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material for removing solid particulate material from the gasflow
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23KFEEDING FUEL TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS
    • F23K3/00Feeding or distributing of lump or pulverulent fuel to combustion apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28BSTEAM OR VAPOUR CONDENSERS
    • F28B5/00Condensers employing a combination of the methods covered by main groups F28B1/00 and F28B3/00; Other condensers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23CMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING FLUID FUEL OR SOLID FUEL SUSPENDED IN  A CARRIER GAS OR AIR 
    • F23C2700/00Special arrangements for combustion apparatus using fluent fuel
    • F23C2700/06Combustion apparatus using pulverized fuel
    • F23C2700/066Other special arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23KFEEDING FUEL TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS
    • F23K2203/00Feeding arrangements
    • F23K2203/008Feeding devices for pulverulent fuel

Description

F. L. McGAHAN, DECD.

v. K. WALKER, ADMINISTRATRIX.

FILTER.

APPLICATION FILED JAN-17,1919.

Patented. Oct 17, 1922.

2 SHEETS SHEET I.

| 4 l I l INVENTOR:

F. L. IVIcGAHAN, DECD.

V. K. WALKER, ADMINISTRATRIX.

FILTER.

APPLICATION FILED JAN-17.1919- Patented Oct. 17, 11922;

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

INVENTOR:

Patented (left. 17, 31922.

, entree stares 1,432,351 arent cornice.

FREDERICK L. MGGAHAN, DE LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA; VIOLA K. WALKER, ADMIN- ISTRATRIX F SAID FREDERICK L. MCGAHAN, DECEASED, ASSIGNOR TO THE PUR- POSED MIND DEVELOPMENT SECURITY ASSOCIATION OF THE WOP'TJD, A TRUST COMPANY.

Original application filed January 3, 1918, Serial No. 210,146. Fatent No. 1,292,399, dated January 19,

1919. Divided and this application filed January 17, 1919.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, F REDERIOK L. Mo- GAHAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at the city of Los Angeles, in the county Serial No. 271,719.

5. As shown in Figure 2 and indicated in Flgure 1, this filter or purifier 5 consists of three compartments constructed of any suitable material with walls 7 and partitions 8.

5 of Los Angeles and State of California, have @penings 9 and '10 permit the fiow of water invented certain new and useful Imp-rovements in Filters, of which the following is a specification.

This application is a division from the application of the same inventor for patent for locomotive filed January 3, 1918, Serial 210,146 which became Patent 1292399 Jan. 19, 1919, and relates more particularly to the filter for the water obtained by condensation of the steam utilized in driving the turbine described in the said application.

In the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification, in which like numbers of reference denote like parts wherever they occur,

Figure 1 is a top plan view;

Figure 2 is a vertical longitudinal sec tional view;

Figure 3 is a side elevation of a locomotive showing the filter in situ; and

Figure 4 is a rear elevation for the same purpose.

The exhaust from the turbine 1 that forms the characteristic feature of the said patent, .is into the steam condenser and water-cooler 2 shown in Figures 3 and 4. The saidexhaust passes through pipes (not shown) into the said condenser 2. The condenser 2 is formed of a plurality of square pipes 3, arranged as shown in Figures 3 and 4, which, by reason of their form and arrangement, and particularly because of the serpentine course that the steam is obliged to pursue therethrough (as indicated by the arrows in Figure 3) cause condensation of the steam and its cooling because of the large area of pipe through which it passes before it reaches the exit, This exit is into pipe 4 that leads to the filter 5 (shown in detail in Figure 2). The condensing effect of the said large area of pipe is augmented by the draft that flows among the pipes .3 when the locomotive is in motion, which draft is enhanced by the hood fi that encloses the said pipes 3, except at their ends.

The water product of the condensation of steam in the condenser 2 is purified in filter through the filter, entering through pipe 4 into chamber 11; thence passing through opening 9 into chamber 12; and thence pass- 1ng through opening 10 into chamber 13. From chamber 13 the water passes out of the filter through pipe 14.

In compartment 11 is contained crushed copper glance. In compartment 12 charcoal is contained. Compartment 13 contains crushed lime-rock. V

Thus the water entering through'pipe 4 leading from condenser 2 flows 1n a serpentine course, as indicated by the arrows in Figure 2, first, through the crushed copper glance of compartment 11, then through opening 9 into compartment 12, and by the action of gravity travels downward through the charcoal compartment 12; thence it passes through opening 10 into compartment 13 where it rises throughthe crushed limerock and flowing outward through the pipe 14 to the water reservoir 15, from which it is pumped by pump 16 as distilled water to the boiler (not shown).

It has been found that the use of copper glance, otherwise known as cuprous sulphide, operatesto prevent the fine particles of oil and organic matter that might be present in the water as it comes from the condenser or source of supply from passing through the charcoal and lime rock.- When the water passes through the copper glance, the copper glance thereby becomes hydrolyzed and the hydrolyzed copper so formed serves to separate the oil and organic matter from the water and thus prevents these substances from passing to the compartments containing the charcoal and lime rock. Itwill thus be seen that there is provided a filter that will take care of the very fine particles in suspension in the water and which would pass through the charcoal or the lime rock into the boiler causing corrosion and incrustation. F

This filtering of water does away with any sediment or residue such as is commonly found in b ilers and does away with cleaning orblowing out ofboiler tubes which is% mentioned chamber being crushed copper a great advantage over types of boilers heretofore known.

It will be understood that both condenser 2 and Water reservoir 15 may be located at any suitable place on the loco-motive, and may be borne or supported thereby in any suitable manner.

Having thus described this inve tion, I hereby reserve the benefit of all ch nges-in form, arrangement order, or use of parts, as it is evident that many minor changes may be made therein without, departing from the spirit of this invention or the scope of the following claims.

I claim- 1. A filter having three vertically dispose chambers, an inlet 'at one end of the first chamber and an outlet at its other end and into the second and an exit from the second at the opposite end from. its inlet, theisaid exit forming an inlet into the third cham-' her, an outlet from the last mentioned cham her at the end thereof opposite its inlet and in alinement with the central longitudinal axis thereof, the filter material in the first glance, in the second chamber charcoal, and in the third chamber crushedlimerock.

2. Av filter divided into three vertically dis- ;posed chambers and having an inlet pipe at its beginning and an outlet pipe at the topand in alignment with the central longitudinal axis of the third chamber at its outlet, there being, a communicating opening at or near the top of and between the first two chambers and another communicating opening at or near the bottom of and between the second and thirdchambers.

3. A filter having three chambers in communication with each other so that the liquid passed throu h the filter will traverse each of said cham rs, filtering material in said chambers, the first chamber containing crushed copper glance; the second or intermediate chamber containing charcoal, and the third and last chamber containing crushed limerock.

In testimony whereof I hereunto afix my I signature.

US271719A 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Filter Expired - Lifetime US1432351A (en)

Priority Applications (10)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US21014618A US1292399A (en) 1918-01-03 1918-01-03 Locomotive.
US271719A US1432351A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Filter
US271713A US1443794A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Suction means for feeding powdered fuel to fire boxes
US271716A US1423347A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Fire box
US271715A US1423346A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Fire box
US271717A US1442895A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Spark arrester
US271714A US1438539A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Suction means for feeding powdered fuel to fire boxes
US271718A US1432350A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Condenser
US271720A US1460168A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Force feed for powdered fuel
US304453A US1441864A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-06-16 Means for treating steam and cinders

Applications Claiming Priority (9)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US271714A US1438539A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Suction means for feeding powdered fuel to fire boxes
US271713A US1443794A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Suction means for feeding powdered fuel to fire boxes
US271716A US1423347A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Fire box
US271715A US1423346A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Fire box
US271717A US1442895A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Spark arrester
US271719A US1432351A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Filter
US271718A US1432350A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Condenser
US271720A US1460168A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Force feed for powdered fuel
US304453A US1441864A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-06-16 Means for treating steam and cinders

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1432351A true US1432351A (en) 1922-10-17

Family

ID=27581156

Family Applications (9)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US271719A Expired - Lifetime US1432351A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Filter
US271713A Expired - Lifetime US1443794A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Suction means for feeding powdered fuel to fire boxes
US271717A Expired - Lifetime US1442895A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Spark arrester
US271720A Expired - Lifetime US1460168A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Force feed for powdered fuel
US271715A Expired - Lifetime US1423346A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Fire box
US271714A Expired - Lifetime US1438539A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Suction means for feeding powdered fuel to fire boxes
US271718A Expired - Lifetime US1432350A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Condenser
US271716A Expired - Lifetime US1423347A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Fire box
US304453A Expired - Lifetime US1441864A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-06-16 Means for treating steam and cinders

Family Applications After (8)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US271713A Expired - Lifetime US1443794A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Suction means for feeding powdered fuel to fire boxes
US271717A Expired - Lifetime US1442895A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Spark arrester
US271720A Expired - Lifetime US1460168A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Force feed for powdered fuel
US271715A Expired - Lifetime US1423346A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Fire box
US271714A Expired - Lifetime US1438539A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Suction means for feeding powdered fuel to fire boxes
US271718A Expired - Lifetime US1432350A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Condenser
US271716A Expired - Lifetime US1423347A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-01-17 Fire box
US304453A Expired - Lifetime US1441864A (en) 1918-01-03 1919-06-16 Means for treating steam and cinders

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3476524A (en) * 1966-02-21 1969-11-04 James F Burke Apparatus and method for treating gaseous products of combustion
US3519134A (en) * 1969-05-16 1970-07-07 Pure Stat Corp Taste treatment attachment for drinking water faucets
US4157961A (en) * 1975-12-23 1979-06-12 Borst Adolf H Combined waste water clarification and trash disposal system
US4289730A (en) * 1980-03-26 1981-09-15 Heil-Quaker Corporation Furnace with flue gas condensate neutralizer
US4309992A (en) * 1980-07-11 1982-01-12 Dodak Michael J Microbicidal filter
US5006245A (en) * 1989-02-13 1991-04-09 Sanki System Product Co., Ltd. Water purifying device
US5167840A (en) * 1991-02-22 1992-12-01 Infilco Degremont Inc. Systems and methods for clarifying liquids
US5552043A (en) * 1994-03-16 1996-09-03 Norland International, Inc. Water conditioning system
US5758369A (en) * 1994-03-09 1998-06-02 Takahashi; Kenzo Bathtub having bath water activating apparatus
US5785848A (en) * 1996-12-06 1998-07-28 Strand; Charles D. Rectangular body water purification device
US6042729A (en) * 1998-02-18 2000-03-28 Chau; Yiu Chau Regeneration of water treatment media
US20050011824A1 (en) * 2003-07-17 2005-01-20 Heinz Vetterli Filter cartridge for a water tank of a coffee machine
WO2005092798A1 (en) * 2004-03-03 2005-10-06 Kilton Ltd Water treatment device and method therefor
US20060157399A1 (en) * 2002-12-05 2006-07-20 Headwaters R & D, Inc. Filter Cartridge for a Standalone Point of Use Water Purification Device
US20070210017A1 (en) * 2006-03-08 2007-09-13 Mackay Donald J Filter system for filtering water or wastewater and a method of operating the filter system

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3485191A (en) * 1968-02-08 1969-12-23 John R Christman Heat generator
US5197456A (en) * 1991-06-25 1993-03-30 Aos Holding Company Gas water heater with improved exhaust distribution in multiple flues

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3476524A (en) * 1966-02-21 1969-11-04 James F Burke Apparatus and method for treating gaseous products of combustion
US3519134A (en) * 1969-05-16 1970-07-07 Pure Stat Corp Taste treatment attachment for drinking water faucets
US4157961A (en) * 1975-12-23 1979-06-12 Borst Adolf H Combined waste water clarification and trash disposal system
US4289730A (en) * 1980-03-26 1981-09-15 Heil-Quaker Corporation Furnace with flue gas condensate neutralizer
US4309992A (en) * 1980-07-11 1982-01-12 Dodak Michael J Microbicidal filter
US5006245A (en) * 1989-02-13 1991-04-09 Sanki System Product Co., Ltd. Water purifying device
US5167840A (en) * 1991-02-22 1992-12-01 Infilco Degremont Inc. Systems and methods for clarifying liquids
US5758369A (en) * 1994-03-09 1998-06-02 Takahashi; Kenzo Bathtub having bath water activating apparatus
US5552043A (en) * 1994-03-16 1996-09-03 Norland International, Inc. Water conditioning system
US5785848A (en) * 1996-12-06 1998-07-28 Strand; Charles D. Rectangular body water purification device
US6447678B2 (en) 1998-02-18 2002-09-10 Yiu Chau Chau Regeneration of water treatment media
US6231763B1 (en) 1998-02-18 2001-05-15 Yiu Chau Chau Regeneration of water treatment media
US6042729A (en) * 1998-02-18 2000-03-28 Chau; Yiu Chau Regeneration of water treatment media
US7387729B2 (en) * 2002-12-05 2008-06-17 Headwaters R & D, Inc. Filter cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device
US20060157399A1 (en) * 2002-12-05 2006-07-20 Headwaters R & D, Inc. Filter Cartridge for a Standalone Point of Use Water Purification Device
US7294266B2 (en) * 2003-07-17 2007-11-13 Saeco Ipr Limited Filter cartridge for a water tank of a coffee machine
US20050011824A1 (en) * 2003-07-17 2005-01-20 Heinz Vetterli Filter cartridge for a water tank of a coffee machine
WO2005092798A1 (en) * 2004-03-03 2005-10-06 Kilton Ltd Water treatment device and method therefor
US20080035569A1 (en) * 2004-03-03 2008-02-14 Haim Wilder Water Treatment Device and Method Therefor
US20070210017A1 (en) * 2006-03-08 2007-09-13 Mackay Donald J Filter system for filtering water or wastewater and a method of operating the filter system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US1423346A (en) 1922-07-18
US1423347A (en) 1922-07-18
US1443794A (en) 1923-01-30
US1438539A (en) 1922-12-12
US1441864A (en) 1923-01-09
US1432350A (en) 1922-10-17
US1442895A (en) 1923-01-23
US1460168A (en) 1923-06-26

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