US1411415A - Pavement - Google Patents

Pavement Download PDF

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Publication number
US1411415A
US1411415A US42988620A US1411415A US 1411415 A US1411415 A US 1411415A US 42988620 A US42988620 A US 42988620A US 1411415 A US1411415 A US 1411415A
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United States
Prior art keywords
pavement
blocks
block
slab
cast
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Ralph M Cooley
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Ralph M Cooley
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Priority to US42988620 priority Critical patent/US1411415A/en
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Publication of US1411415A publication Critical patent/US1411415A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • E01C5/06Pavings made of prefabricated single units made of units with cement or like binders
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C2201/00Paving elements
    • E01C2201/12Paving elements vertically interlocking
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C2201/00Paving elements
    • E01C2201/16Elements joined together
    • E01C2201/167Elements joined together by reinforcement or mesh

Description

R. M. COOLEY.

PAVEMENT.

, APPLICATION man DEC. H, I920.

Patented Apr. 4, 1922.

RALPH M. CGOLEY. 3F STflEAUL, MINNESOTA.

PAVEMENT.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Apr. 4., H122,

Application filed December 11, 1920. Serial No. 429,886.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, RALPH M. tlooL'nr, a citizen of the United States, residing at St. Paul, in the county of Bar. and State of Minnesota, have invented a new and useful Pavement, of which the following is a specification.

My invention is an improvement in pavements and has, among its objects, to provide a pavement composed Off pre-cast block or slab elements made of plastic material capable of hardening, having interlocking tongues and grooves and tie-rods disposed transversely through said elements and adapted to assist in holding the blocks in position.

A further object is to provide, in a structure of this kind, means for permitting expansion and contraction of the various members without cracking or disrupting any portion of the pavement during cold and hot temperatures.

In the accompanying drawing, forming part of. this specification, Figure l is a plan view of a portion of my improved pavement; Fig. 2 is a section of one of the block or slab elements taken on the line 22 of Fig. 1; F ig. 3 is another section of one of the block or slab elen'ients taken on the line 33 of Fig. l 5, Fig. his a perspective view of one of the block or slab elements, and Fig. 5 is an elevation of a small portion of one of the sides of the pavement, showing one of the tie-rods before the recess in the side of the pavement has been closed.

In an embodiment of my invention, the pavement is composed oi pie-cast oblong blocks or slabs A made out of plastic material capable of hardening and laid lengthwise longitudinally of the road on a prepared sub-grade or bed B or" sand, or other suitable material, with the joints or. one row broken relative to the joints of the opposite row. The blocks or slabs are cast with interlocking tongues C and grooves D, both on the adjacent sides and adjacent ends, the outermost side edges of the pavement being left even and tree from tongues and grooves.

The tongues are preterably about one-half the thickness oi the block or slab and the lower projection or side E of the groove extends well underneath the body of the adjoining blocks or slab to give additional support. The extra thickness also commences well underneath and back of the grooved edge of the block or slab to increase strength.

Sleeves or bushings F are cast in the center of the blocks or slabs running horizontallyfthrough and extending from one side of the pavement to the other, thus forming a chainof conduits, there being one section in each block or slab. The section of sleeves or V bushings oi? a block or slab is made to project into. the adjoining block or slab, there being an oval space left at G where the sleeve or bushing enters. This space is so cast that there is permitted a slight amount of play longitudinally between two adjoining blocks or slabs, but no play transversely. The sleeve or bushing sections are placed end to end across the pavement at as frequent intervals through the blocks or slabs as desired so that when all of the blocks or slabs are laid, there is a clear 7 opening through each row of sleeves or bushings across the entire width of the pavement. Through'this opening a tiered H is bolted so that all of the blocks or slabs of the transverse cross sections of the pavement are drawn together tight. The rod or bolt H is smaller in diameter than the opening in the sleeves or bushings ior contraction and expansion, due to weather conditions. The side or end of a block or slab, which constitutes'the side or end of. the pavement, is neither tongued nor grooved, but may, as shown in Figs. 1 and 5, be cast with an even straight edge. At the conduit ends'in the side edges, a space or recess I is cast, allowing the burrs J on the tie-rods to be counter sunk. The remaining space may be filled either with grout or bituminous material.

The longitudinal joints between the blocks or slabs, after being laid and tied together in the manner stated, may be filled with either grout or bituminous material and the transverse joints preferably may be filled with bituminous material in order that the necessary contraction and expansion may take place. 7

Among some of the features of advantage attained by my invention, it may be mentioned that the improved pavement does away with all wavy surfaces frequently found in other pavements, due to consistency of the plastic material, to uneven forms, and to the effect of gravity. It obviates cracks due to contraction in setting and to changes of temperature after completion. It allows a ready means for future widening and facilitates repairs. It also does not block traffic from passing over im- .mediately after it is laid. The method of tying the blocks or slabs together prevents them from sliding either laterallyor longitudinally, thus avoiding all broken joints and allowing for contraction and expansion. The re-entorcing of the joints prevents one slab or block from heaving up above the rest and prevents breaking or chipping of the edges. My improved pre-cast pavement also insures greater safety in driving by defining absolutely the center of thepavement by means of the longitudinal joints, Whichis particularly advantageous for the driver in the glare of head lights of an approaching car.

Changes in the specific form of my invention, as herein disclosed, may be made within the scopelof what is claimed Without de )arting from the spirit of my invention.

'Iaving described my invention, what I.

claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: r

'1. A pavement composed of pre-cast block or slab elements of plastic material capable of hardening, each adjacent pair of said elements having tongue and groove joints, the lower side of the groove of the joint being constructed wholly below and integral withthe body of one element and projecting well underneath to form an increased support for the body of the adjoining element.

2. A pavement composed of pre-cast'block or slab elements of plastic material capable of hardening, each pair of said elements having intermeshing tongue and groove joints re-enforced by an integral projection of the lower side of the groove extending well underneath the adjoining element and the extra thickness, also, commencing well underneath the grooved edge of the grooved element. V

3. A pavement including blocks arranged in such relation that the joints between the sam are. broken, composite conduits extending through said blocks and comprising numbers of hollow reinforcing sections arranged end to end, each section reaching from one block into the next adjacent block, and tie-rods passing through said composite conduits to secure said blocks in a unitary structure.

t. A pavement composed of pre-cast block or slab elements of plastic material ca able of hardening, said elements being he (1: at intervals by transverse tie-rods bolted therethrough and sleeve linings in said elements,

through which said rods are threaded.

in, such relation that the joints between the same are broken, tie-rods securin said blocks in a. unitary structure and rein orcing sleeve sections joining certain blocks and forming series of receiving conduits for said tie-rods, said sleeve sections being fixed against movement in the blocks to hold the bearing surfaces thereof in the same plane, but free to mov slightly in a planeiparallel with said surfaces and thereby allow for contraction and expansion of the avement.

In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification.

RALPH M. COOLEYQ

US42988620 1920-12-11 1920-12-11 Pavement Expired - Lifetime US1411415A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2723607A (en) * 1950-04-21 1955-11-15 Betons Duroc Sa Des Pavement
US4093120A (en) * 1977-01-24 1978-06-06 Park Rubber Company Railroad crossing structure
US4117977A (en) * 1976-10-14 1978-10-03 Structural Rubber Products Company Highway-railway crossing
EP0035594A2 (en) * 1980-03-08 1981-09-16 Passavant-Werke Ag Gutter comprising a grating having several parts
US4564311A (en) * 1980-10-28 1986-01-14 Nicolon Corporation Protective jacket for use in revetment structures
US5282569A (en) * 1992-08-11 1994-02-01 Kiyota Railway Engineering Co., Ltd. Railroad crossing structure
WO2003076722A1 (en) * 2002-03-12 2003-09-18 Werner Otto Ground-reinforcing element and composite of several such ground-reinforcing elements
US20050063780A1 (en) * 2003-09-23 2005-03-24 Thorne Michael B. Flexible panel
US20050284075A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2005-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20120237294A1 (en) * 2009-10-26 2012-09-20 Sun Woo Lim Road restoration block
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US9464444B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels

Cited By (111)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2723607A (en) * 1950-04-21 1955-11-15 Betons Duroc Sa Des Pavement
US4117977A (en) * 1976-10-14 1978-10-03 Structural Rubber Products Company Highway-railway crossing
US4093120A (en) * 1977-01-24 1978-06-06 Park Rubber Company Railroad crossing structure
FR2378131A1 (en) * 1977-01-24 1978-08-18 Park Rubber Co passage structure has level
EP0035594A2 (en) * 1980-03-08 1981-09-16 Passavant-Werke Ag Gutter comprising a grating having several parts
EP0035594A3 (en) * 1980-03-08 1982-04-14 Passavant-Werke Ag & Co. Kg Gutter comprising a grating having several parts
US4564311A (en) * 1980-10-28 1986-01-14 Nicolon Corporation Protective jacket for use in revetment structures
US5282569A (en) * 1992-08-11 1994-02-01 Kiyota Railway Engineering Co., Ltd. Railroad crossing structure
US8365494B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2013-02-05 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8997429B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2015-04-07 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US20050284075A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2005-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20050284076A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2005-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060005499A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US9290951B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2016-03-22 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060196138A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-09-07 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060201095A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-09-14 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060225377A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236633A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236637A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236635A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236634A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236638A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236630A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060248829A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060248830A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060254184A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060260249A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060272263A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-12-07 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070094986A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-05-03 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070094987A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-05-03 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070107363A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-05-17 Unlin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070251188A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-11-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Bestloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080010929A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-01-17 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080010928A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-01-17 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080053028A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-06 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080053027A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-06 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080060309A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-13 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080060310A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-13 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080060311A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-13 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080066416A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-20 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US7617645B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-11-17 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7621094B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-11-24 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
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US7637066B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
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US7644554B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7644557B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US7644555B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7647741B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-19 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7647743B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-19 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US7650728B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-26 UNILIN BEHEER BV besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7650727B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7654054B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-02 Uniliin Beheer B.V. besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7658048B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-09 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7661238B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., besloten, vennootshap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665265B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unlin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665266B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665267B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
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US7669377B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-02 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7669376B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-02 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7673431B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-09 Unilin Beheer B.V. besloten, vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
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US7681371B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-23 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
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US7726089B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-06-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7735288B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-06-15 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7770350B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-08-10 Unilin Beheer B. V., besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7810297B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-10-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7827754B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7827755B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20100319292A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2010-12-23 Stefan Simon Gustaaf Moriau Floor panels with edge connectors
US20110023405A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2011-02-03 Stefan Simon Gustaaf Moriau Floor panels with edge connectors
US8166723B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2012-05-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8789334B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2014-07-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060032177A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-02-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10156078B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2018-12-18 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10233653B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2019-03-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
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US9534397B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-01-03 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9388585B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
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US10125498B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-11-13 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
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US9394699B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-19 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8631625B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-21 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9624676B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2017-04-18 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9482013B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-11-01 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9234356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-01-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9388586B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
WO2003076722A1 (en) * 2002-03-12 2003-09-18 Werner Otto Ground-reinforcing element and composite of several such ground-reinforcing elements
US20050063780A1 (en) * 2003-09-23 2005-03-24 Thorne Michael B. Flexible panel
US8858116B2 (en) * 2009-10-26 2014-10-14 Sun Woo Lim Road restoration block
US20120237294A1 (en) * 2009-10-26 2012-09-20 Sun Woo Lim Road restoration block
US9464444B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels

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